Military Review

The actions of the NKVD troops on the protection of the rear in the liberated countries of Europe

40



In the summer of 1944, the Soviet troops cleared most of the enemy-occupied territory from the Nazis and fought in the countries of Central and Southeastern Europe. In the areas liberated from the German troops, a significant number of small groups created from defeated enemy units and formations remained, which continued to provide armed resistance. They hid in the woods, attacked subunits of the Soviet Army and individual servicemen, raided localities, robbed, killed and terrorized local residents.

The war was nearing its end, but the enemy continued to put up fierce resistance, threw spies and terrorists into the front-line strip, sent saboteurs to the main railways and highways with the task of disrupting military transport, hinder the actions of the Soviet troops.

Fearing retribution for the crimes committed, traitors who served in punitive bodies and various nationalist gangs tried to flee to the west. Some of them, on instructions from German intelligence, continued to operate in the territory liberated from the invaders.

In such a situation, the protection of the rear areas of the advancing fronts assumed great importance. By the beginning of the operations of the Soviet Army for the liberation of European countries, the NKVD troops for the protection of the rear had a coherent organizational structure, necessary armament, and accumulated considerable experience in dealing with various gangs, spies and saboteurs. The leadership of the troops was carried out by the Main Directorate of the NKVD troops for the protection of the rear of the acting army through its front controls, which subordinated regiments (usually one regiment for each army of the first echelon) and separate maneuverable groups.

In close cooperation with parts of the army, the troops of the NKVD for the protection of the rear (BOT) in the period under review successfully solved the following tasks: the protection of front-line and army communications, ensuring order in the front line; the fight against enemy agents, sabotage and reconnaissance and bandit groups; protection of the local population from the gangs of the enemy; carrying the checkpoint and barrage services. Often, HERE was involved in active combat operations along with units and subunits of the Soviet Army.

During the Yassy-Kishinev operation, the situation in the rear of the troops of the 2 and 3 of the Ukrainian fronts was rather complex. Local pro-fascist authorities in the northern regions of Romania, who were liberated from the Germans by the Soviet Army, resigned their official posts. In localities, the local criminal element created gangs that were engaged in looting and pogroms, and the sabotage and terrorist groups left behind by the enemy became more active. The work of the organizations was significantly hampered, since the anti-Soviet forces in Romania at that time were still very strong. All this hindered the normal activities of our troops, forced the Soviet command to take the necessary security measures.

Troops of the rear of the 2 of the Ukrainian Front included 10, 24, 37, 128 of the frontier regiment and 107 of the separate maneuver group. HERE 3 of the Ukrainian Front consisted of 17, 25, 91, 134, 336 of the frontier regiments and 109 of the separate maneuverable group. These units repeatedly had to engage in battles with scattered units of the regular troops and sabotage and reconnaissance enemy groups. Some of them were extremely fierce, especially near the front line. So, in August-October 1944 of the year, on parts of the troops of the NKVD 2 of the Ukrainian Front had 142 fighting with enemy forces. During this period, only the 37 frontier regiment (commander lieutenant colonel VP Yaroslavsky), who was guarding the rear of the 52 army, destroyed more than 1700 and captured 720 prisoners and officers of the enemy. Such an episode is interesting. Once a group of border guards regiment under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Goncharov, given the beginning of ferment in the Romanian army, in the area with. Palanca went to the location of the Romanian artillery regiment and inclined its commander to surrender. Within hours, the regiment was completely disarmed.

The actions of the NKVD troops on the protection of the rear in the liberated countries of Europe


31 August The 2 Battalion of the 10 Border Regiment (commander Lt. Col. II Kashkadamov), commanded by Captain Alekseyev, defeated the remnants of German troops near the town of Vaslui, in particular, the combined officer battalion of the enemy, who tried to break through the front line. In a fierce battle, 230 was killed and 112 captured by German officers.

The 24 frontier regiment guarding the rear of the 27 Army successfully completed the search and liquidation of a large enemy sabotage and reconnaissance detachment, consisting of officers and noncommissioned officers, who attacked the hospitals and automobile columns of the Soviet Army. As a result of the battles, the regiment destroyed 155 and captured 145 enemy officers. In just three months, from August to October 1944, the regiment conducted 87 battles in which almost 1100 German soldiers and officers were destroyed and captured. Regimental sappers cleared 13 of enemy minefields, while disabling more than 4200 anti-personnel and anti-tank mines.

During the liberation of Bulgaria, part of the HTO of the 3 of the Ukrainian Front destroyed the remnants of the defeated enemy troops, its sabotage and reconnaissance detachments, carried the guard of the Danube crossings, helped the People’s Liberation Insurgent Army to maintain order on the roads and in settlements. The 134 frontier regiment of the NKVD troops under the command of Major N.A. Egorova, who was guarding the rear of the 46 Army. At first, this unit participated along with the Soviet Army units in the operation to liberate the city of Ruschuk, and then successfully eliminated individual enemy groups on the banks of the Danube, reliably providing security for the approaches to the military crossings. For active participation in the liberation operation of the city of Rushchuk from the fascist troops, the 134 border control unit 27 of September 1944 of the year was given the name of Ruschuksky.

The withdrawal of Romania and Bulgaria from the war on the German side created favorable circumstances for the liberation of Yugoslavia and Hungary. In battles on Yugoslav soil, the 91st and 134th border regiments distinguished themselves for protecting the rear of the 57th and 46th armies of the 3rd Ukrainian Front. So, the 2nd battalion (commander Major Blokhin) of the 91st border regiment, following the combat formations of the first echelon of the 57th army, entered battle on October 16 on the eastern outskirts of Belgrade. For three days of continuous fighting, the battalion, having broken the stubborn resistance of the enemy and repelled numerous counterattacks, managed to advance more than 2 kilometers and reach the area of ​​the railway junction, sugar factory and road bridge across the Sava River. A particularly fierce battle broke out around the bridge, where the German infantry, supported by six tanks, 15 self-propelled guns and two batteries of six-barreled mortars made several counterattacks. In the early morning of October 20, a maneuvering group of the regiment and the 6th brigade of the People's Liberation Army of Yugoslavia arrived in the combat zone of the battalion. With a combined strike, they took control of the railway junction and the bridge over the Sava River. In the battles for Belgrade, the 2nd battalion of the 91st border regiment destroyed about 450 enemy soldiers and officers.



Active hostilities led part of the NKVD to protect the rear during the liberation of Hungary. They often had to join the armed struggle with German sabotage and reconnaissance detachments, as well as enemy units of regular troops. In three months of 1944, the BOT of the 2 of the Ukrainian Front was liquidated on the territory of Hungary by three major enemy sabotage gangs, the backbone of which were members of the fascist organization Nielash Kerestesh and officers of the SS forces.

In late December 1944 years 10-th pogranpolk with the assistance of the Hungarian patriots found and defeated the big subversive and terrorist enemy base, capturing 204 rifles, 10 machines, 6 light machine guns, 23000 different caliber cartridges, 80 antitank grenades, 120 kg of TNT, 446000 rubles.

For two days of December, 128 units of the Border Guard Regiment detained six agents of enemy intelligence deployed across the front line with the mission to mine and blow up bridges, set fire to warehouses with fuel and ammunition on the outskirts of the Hungarian capital in 1944 km from Budapest. On December 20, three German intelligence agents from the SS-Zuid-Ost fighter junction were arrested by the outfit of the 22-th Border Regiment near Lake Balaton. In the area of ​​the town of Miskolc, 91, on January 7, by the 1945 frontier regiment, two groups of reconnaissance saboteurs were neutralized.

Part of the protection of the rear often engaged in active hostilities with the remnants of the enemy troops defeated by the Soviet Army. Part of the rear of the 3 of the Ukrainian Front fought especially hard during the liquidation of the surrounded German group in the city of Budapest and in repulsing the German forces ’counteroffensive at Lake Balaton. In these battles, 134, 336 (commander, lieutenant colonel SA Martynov) of border guards distinguished themselves, and 109, a separate maneuver group, commanded by Captain V.G. Gankovskiy. This maneuverable group of the NKVD destroyed more than 950 soldiers and officers of the enemy, and also captured more than 4000 people, disabled 29 enemy firing points, a mortar battery, 10 vehicles with ammunition and two observation points.



In battles for the Hungarian capital, the 1 th battalion of the 134 th frontier regiment distinguished itself (commander captain Zhukov). February 12 battalion liquidated in Boda a large group of the enemy, who tried to escape from the environment. Much of it was captured. Among the prisoners was the commander of the Budapest garrison, Colonel-General P. Wildenbruch.

The 336 frontier regiment also took an active part in the liquidation of individual enemy groups in Budapest. Only the 1 th battalion of the regiment for three days of hostilities (11-13 February) destroyed more than 970 and captured the order of 1400 enemy soldiers and officers, and only in the Budapest regiment destroyed 1911, captured 4143 man.

In battles in Austria, the 91 frontier regiment excelled. Separate his outposts, using the mountain-forest area, carried out deep raids into the enemy rear. The most successfully operated 9-I outpost. During the 12 day raid, she defeated the German garrison in the city of Mengeld, captured the ridge of heights in the Fischbach area and successfully defended them 5 days before the approach of the Soviet Army formations, then, together with the 68 Guards Rifle Regiment, held the mountain pass until they approached The main forces of the 4 Guards Army. During the battles for Veche, the 336 frontier regiment eliminated 14 of the sabotage and reconnaissance detachments and groups and captured more than 700 people of the enemy personnel.

In extremely difficult conditions, the active army had to act during the liberation of Poland. The 1 and 2 Belarusian, 1 Ukrainian were 13 border regiments and three separate maneuverable groups. Such a strong grouping of units for the protection of the rear was due to the complexity of the military-political situation in Poland, as well as the importance of the Berlin strategic direction in which the enemy concentrated the bulk of his troops and various operational-intelligence units. We should not forget that in the difficult years of the fascist occupation, the anti-Soviet-minded part of the Polish elite did not stop its policy against our country. In England, a Polish émigré government was formed, whose activity was directed not only at organizing the struggle against the Germans, but also at preventing pro-Soviet sentiments. This became especially noticeable from the 1944 year, when, at the suggestion of the Polish Workers' Party, the highest representative body was created in the deep underground, Craiova Rada Narodova, which united all anti-fascist forces. Under the German occupation of Craiova, Rada Narodova created armed forces, which were named the Army of Lyudov.

The increased activity of the Polish anti-fascists caused discontent in England, as part of the forces went beyond the British control. The emigrant government began a struggle against the Polish workers' party, which was gaining popularity. Such a policy hampered the armed struggle of the Home Army, over which the British managed to establish control by influencing the commanders. When the Soviet Army, together with the 1 Army, expelled the Polish Army and other Polish patriotic forces from the Polish land of the fascists, part of the Home Army members voluntarily joined the Polish Army, the rest were asked to fold weapon. But a large enough group of officers refused to obey, and began to create armed gangs in the rear of our troops, carry out acts of sabotage, disrupt communications, blow up factories, bridges, shoot Polish soldiers and commanders of the Soviet Army, terrorize the population. In addition, during more than five years of occupation, the enemy created an extensive intelligence network on Polish territory and continued to throw spies and saboteurs.



Given the difficult situation in the Polish liberated territory, to ensure the fight against sabotage and reconnaissance groups and gangs, a consolidated division for the protection of the rear of the Soviet units in Poland as part of the 5 regiments was formed.

The situation required constant vigilance and full exertion from the personnel of the HERE to perform complex and multifaceted tasks. For example, during the Belarusian operation in July-August 1944, parts of the BOT 2 of the Belarusian Front (13, 172, 332 of the frontier regiment and 103 of the separate maneuverable group) conducted an 43 combat. In the period of the Vistula-Oder operation of the BOT of the 1 of the Belorussian Front, 102 sabotage groups were eliminated and the enemy battalions were crushed by 14 enemy forces.

The forces of the NKVD to protect the rear in the Berlin operation, during the completion of the defeat and surrender of fascist Germany, effectively carried out their tasks. Only in parts of the Belarusian National Front 1 from mid-April until 2 on May 1945, 118 of terrorist groups were eliminated, 18 of small garrisons were destroyed, more than 12400 of fascists were destroyed and captured. And the 105 frontier regiment together with the units of the 150 rifle division stormed the Reichstag in a general manner.

The personnel of the HERE of the acting army detained a significant number of enemy intelligence agents in Germany, among them many experienced ones who had a considerable experience in espionage. Thus, the rear guard troops reliably ensured proper order in the front line, in necessary cases helped the local authorities to clear the territory of the gangster detachments, and contributed to the early defeat of the enemy.



Sources:
The team of authors. Border troops during the Great Patriotic War 1941 - 1945. M .: SCIENCE, 1968. C. 504-505, 511, 520-532.
Zyplin V. NKVD troops in the liberated countries of Europe (1944-1945). // Troop herald. 2006, No. 1. C.18-22.
Chugunov A.Ohrana rear forces in operations to liberate the countries of central and south-eastern Europe / / VIZH. 1976. No.1. C. 89-93.
Tsyplin V.G. Specificity of service and combat missions of the NKVD troops in Europe. // Modern Eurasian Studies. 2014. No.3. C. 40-44.
Belozerov B. Front without borders. 1941-1945 SPb .: RDK-PRINT, 2001. C.201-212.
Author:
40 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must sign in.
  1. Mangel olys
    Mangel olys 17 March 2016 06: 19
    +8
    Is there a reconstruction in the first picture? Fascists are under escort in "armor".
    1. kin
      kin 17 March 2016 08: 04
      +2
      Machine guns and carbines took hold a photographer.
      1. Symarokov897
        Symarokov897 17 March 2016 08: 27
        -1
        Let them bear their own burden .....
    2. guzik007
      guzik007 17 March 2016 10: 26
      0
      Is there a reconstruction in the first picture? Fascists are under escort in "armor".
      --------------------------------------------
      Also drew attention. But, given the texture of the image, I think it’s genuine. Looks like it was already very demoralized. They took away the firebolt, and let them drag the harness themselves to the filtration point. Well, it’s reasonable.
      1. thinker
        thinker 17 March 2016 11: 37
        +3
        This is a reconstruction of the liberation of the city of Chuguev from the Nazi invaders in 2009.
        http://newdaynews.ru/photo_reporting/244198.html
    3. Pomeranian
      Pomeranian 17 March 2016 14: 09
      0
      Yes, in the background is a guy in a light T-shirt.
      Quote: Mangel Olys
      And the reconstruction in the first picture?
  2. Vega
    Vega 17 March 2016 07: 42
    +2
    That’s the whole tale of detachments.
    1. Cap.Morgan
      Cap.Morgan 17 March 2016 08: 25
      -23%
      An article in the good Soviet spirit of the 70s.
      Not enough toasts in honor of the leaders.
      The detachments in the 44th were no longer needed, the front rolled to the West. The detachments at that moment were already with the Germans.
      1. Fitter65
        Fitter65 17 March 2016 08: 52
        +10
        Quote: Cap.Morgan
        An article in the good Soviet spirit of the 70s.
        Not enough toasts in honor of the leaders.
        The detachments in the 44th were no longer needed, the front rolled to the West. The detachments at that moment were already with the Germans.

        In the best spirit of the 90s, otherwise the NKVD doesn’t stand behind their troops, they don’t drive with bayonets ... At least the notion of foreign detachments, that is, from whom, they formed on the basis of which, and their tasks. Or they remained at the time of the great nurturing of their country.
      2. avt
        avt 17 March 2016 09: 14
        +11
        Quote: Cap.Morgan
        An article in the good Soviet spirit of the 70s.
        Not enough toasts in honor of the leaders.

        And in the case, something can be given out, but not in the spirit of a human rights activist about the commissars of the NKVD officers who are attacking with machine guns?
        Quote: Cap.Morgan
        The detachments in the 44th were no longer needed, the front rolled to the West. The detachments at that moment were already with the Germans.

        Nothing that at least the same Bandera and the rear remained? This is not to mention the fact that ANY army works to protect the rear, usually heavily clogged during the offensive. And how the parts are actually called is a matter of taste. But it is easy to fart - "barrage", but what the same SMERSH was doing in particular, so it is necessary to strain the brain.
      3. 1234567890
        1234567890 17 March 2016 17: 57
        +2
        Quote: Cap.Morgan
        The detachments in the 44th were no longer needed, the front rolled to the West. The detachments at that moment were already with the Germans.

        Here, one more "Penal Battles" has seen enough.
      4. JACTUS RECTUS
        JACTUS RECTUS 18 March 2016 02: 13
        +1
        For the gifted: the detachments were the first to appear among the Germans.
      5. The stranger
        The stranger 18 March 2016 02: 25
        0
        And it depends on the detachments.
        My mother told me that her mother hid them with her sister from the Russians in a heap of coal. For the Germans said that the Russians are cannibals.
        The Russians came, the headquarters of the tank division were deployed on the territory. Near the house was a tavern, still worth it. And there, two soldiers got drunk, the other Russians came, took them out into the yard, and shot their own for drunkenness and brawl. Neither grandmother nor mother were Russophiles, but they did not interfere with being friends with the Russians. Although we were considered a fascist family, times were like that.
        1. JACTUS RECTUS
          JACTUS RECTUS 18 March 2016 15: 34
          +1
          Zagrad detachments in the classical sense appeared for the first time among the Germans and helped them not fall back after the defeat near Moscow too far. Only then, taking into account the positive experience of the Germans, the USSR introduced such detachments.
  3. parusnik
    parusnik 17 March 2016 07: 52
    +15
    The NKVD troops were doing business .. and well .. Thank you to the author ..
    1. The comment was deleted.
    2. PKK
      PKK 17 March 2016 18: 06
      +2
      Constantly against ambushes! Well, what nerves and endurance are needed!
  4. qwert
    qwert 17 March 2016 07: 52
    +14
    Quote: vega
    That’s the whole tale of detachments.

    And then, indeed, they got it already, with these stories about sadists from the NKVD, who "bullied" kind peaceful people and put honest soldiers against the wall for fun.
    I had an uncle. He served from 1943 to 1946 year in the NKVD. 1946 was commissioned after being injured. The whole back was in large scars from fragments of a grenade thrown by a Bandera during a battle in the forests of western Ukraine. Among them were many heroes who are now interfered with with dirt. But in the first post-war years everyone knew that the NKVD troops were the first to defend the same Caucasus. And they fought there competently enough.
    1. cobalt
      cobalt 17 March 2016 13: 13
      +15
      Thanks to the author for the article. My grandfather served in the Higher Military School, he was drafted into the NKVD troops in 1938, and returned home only in 1947, in the last three years he was just engaged in the elimination of encirclement and Bandera in Poland, as well as near Rivne and Lvov. I didn’t crawl out of these forests for weeks. When his brother, the gunner, was returning from the Czech Republic in 1945 through Ukraine, he called in to him, so his grandfather did not recognize him. He just returned from the operation, 2 weeks in the forest, all overgrown, like a goblin, unwashed, shabby. So the NKVD rear guard troops did not eat their bread in vain. They have gained enough. In addition, when the enemy is in front of you at the front, it’s easier and more clear who you are fighting with. In the rear, it’s sometimes difficult to understand whether a bandit is in front of you or a local civilian.
  5. Chazoy
    Chazoy 17 March 2016 08: 00
    +13
    The right article. In war, everyone does his own thing. Zadolbali stupid stereotypes, as the NKVDshnik - so necessarily stupid sadist who only does what shoots and puts the innocent.
    1. V.ic
      V.ic 17 March 2016 09: 22
      0
      Quote: Chazoy
      necessarily a stupid sadist who only does what shoots and plants the innocent.

      ... but at the same time clean-shaven and slightly drunk.
      1. avt
        avt 17 March 2016 09: 51
        +1
        Quote: V.ic
        ... but at the same time clean-shaven and slightly drunk.

        wassat And where does the staff of the commissariat Anastas Mikoyan ?? This is generally his characteristic of his employees.
        1. V.ic
          V.ic 17 March 2016 21: 29
          0
          Quote: avt
          And where does the staff of the Commissariat Anastas Mikoyan?

          Sorry, but the one you mentioned "from Ilyich to Ilyich without a heart attack and paralysis" has never supervised EnKaVeDe.
          Quote: avt
          This is generally his characteristic of his employees.

          Sorry again, but "actually" you should write "hyphen" / this is a dash that separates the particle from the word. On this resource, I am conducting an irreconcilable struggle for the legacy of S.G. Barkhudarov. and Kryuchkova S.E. in the use of a hyphen when using "that", "either", "something", "something". I receive regular slaps in the face from local marshals for my commitment, but ... principle = there is a principle! Let's continue. I read the expression you expressed in Korotich's "Ogonyok". The basis of my remark is an anecdote from the times of the ever-memorable "Lenya" about the difference between the Tsarist and the Soviet (an officer, an intellectual, a philistine ...). The anecdote ended with the phrase: "does not distinguish Edita Piekha from go on ..y!" Well, at the end of the answer again / third, by the way / I will say the expected phrase: sorry for taking away your precious time! hi
          1. avt
            avt 17 March 2016 22: 21
            0
            Quote: V.ic
            Sorry, but the one you mentioned "from Ilyich to Ilyich without a heart attack and paralysis" has never supervised EnKaVeDe.

            request Actually, he said this about the employees of the foreign trade. Well, if you like, then AT ALL.
            Quote: V.ic
            ... principle = there is a principle!
            what True, who is this prince, equal to another prince, ..... or to himself? wassat
            Quote: V.ic
            I read the expression you expressed in Korotich's "Ogonyok".
            If for the above, then in general I have not heard from the short ones. I will say frankly as "marshal", "marshal".
            When this storyteller sat down on Ogonyok, I didn't just read it - I didn't flip through it. Although Ogonyok was a specific magazine, there were quite serious articles on documentary material in it, but it became an outright trash heap in the city building .So, the foreign trade officer must be well dressed, clean-shaven and slightly drunk. "With the utmost respect for you, if not the local marshal, and even receiving, I hope all the same virtual, slaps in the face from the local marshal lads." Your, marshal, AVT.And don't worry for a while, I always try to answer, especially if the interlocutor is interested in the topic and is well versed in the issue being discussed (then it’s very good and interesting), and not a rating with a chant.
  6. Gray 43
    Gray 43 17 March 2016 08: 38
    +7
    The main thing is that Mikhalkov does not read this article - the "emperor" can be damaged by the mind))) but seriously, at least a couple of paragraphs were added to the history textbook about the heroes in the protection of the rear
  7. Vik66
    Vik66 17 March 2016 10: 38
    +4
    And it would be interesting to read about the work of trophy teams: how to collect the captured weapons and equipment, how to take into account how they were stored and where it was then used. I was always interested in the question - where did the captured weapons and military equipment go after the war?
    1. avt
      avt 17 March 2016 11: 44
      0
      Quote: Vik66
      I was always interested in the question - where did the captured weapons and military equipment go after the war?

      wassat You don’t know? Well, for example, in Artemovsk there were Mauser rifles, machine guns and cartridges for them.
      1. Vik66
        Vik66 17 March 2016 12: 28
        0
        This is a fraction of what was collected. But other ?
    2. Alf
      Alf 17 March 2016 21: 34
      0
      Quote: Vik66
      . I was always interested in the question - where did the captured weapons and military equipment go after the war?

      There is a frame from Armor is strong. There IT-1 shoots the T-IV.
  8. castle
    castle 17 March 2016 11: 11
    -4
    It's Complicated. What orders they received, such and carried out. For example, they received an order to take all Russian emigrants who emigrated to Czechoslovakia after the revolution and after the civil war in Russia. Just look at what kind of Russians lived in Czechoslovakia! Rather, it was necessary to take all the Russian emigrants along with their children, whom Hitler did not have time to destroy. The NKVD received an order - it must be carried out. Despite the fact that these survivors were already citizens of Czechoslovakia, for example, the Czechoslovak general Sergei Voitsekhovsky. But what to take with the tyrants who give orders and their minions, such as Gottwald. It didn't matter to these bastards that the Russian emigration in Czechoslovakia was fighting against Hitler. Yes, yes, and with weapons in hand. The "leaders" were more worried that the emigration did not recognize the power of the Bolsheviks over Russia and over the future "socialist camp."
    1. avt
      avt 17 March 2016 11: 55
      +8
      Quote: hrad
      It's Complicated.

      Well, not just - a medical fact and quite understand it.
      Quote: hrad
      For example, they received an order to take all the Russian emigrants who emigrated to Czechoslovakia after the revolution and after the civil war in Russia.

      For example, emigrants in Yugoslavia volunteered "on a rotational basis" to fight on the side of the Germans in the USSR, which, in fact, even now their descendants do not hide, and from punishers to really saboteurs in the same Crimea, which they knew very well. By the way, the Czechs just served in the Wehrmacht , and the Slovaks with national units in the size of the corps participated in the attack on the USSR, and the last battle of this epic was given in the Crimea, if memory serves.Again, the Cossack corps of Panvitsa punished from Italy and Yugoslavia to the USSR, and despite the adoption of the SS oath, so and remained lackeys at the headquarters of the SS Panzer Corps as an international unit - they were hanging out as if in an ice-hole between the Wehrmacht and the SS.So, with arms in hand, everyone fought in different ways in that war, and now you can quite figure out who and on which side and who really suffered, and who, like those Hungarian salashists whom Khrushch released from Siberia ahead of schedule, obviously did not finish their wages by the end of 1956 eyes hung by the bloody NKVD regime
      1. castle
        castle 17 March 2016 12: 36
        -3
        Have you read mine, or is yours boiling over? The Czechs, after the occupation, were divided into Slavic families and families with Germanic roots. And those who were with "German blood" were forcibly taken into the army. Otherwise, the family goes to a concentration camp. But there were also those with German blood that harmed Hitler. You were not there and I was not there. It's time to stop living that war. It would be necessary to go ahead. And that was in Moscow and on a rich Mercedes I read "Thank you grandfather for the Victory", and on a Mitsubishi - "This is my trophy from Berlin." Don't know if a psychologist can help? You will tell me: "You must remember your past." Yes, you do, but you can't hang around in the past! Otherwise, you will stop developing and become necrophiles.
        1. erg
          erg 17 March 2016 13: 41
          +7
          Here you are at home and become. There is no union for a long time. We have already grown a generation that was born after the USSR. Not just grown, learned, work, many already have children. And you just what-it is the USSR's fault, Stalin, etc., etc. Read your press, so you often recall our past. Well, even now, they have diluted Putin.
          1. castle
            castle 17 March 2016 14: 00
            0
            Read our press and quote! Yes, they may write in columns about an international polytechnic, but we have many different newspapers with different political orientations. But we do not have a division into enemies of the people, the fifth column or the press supporting the only unique and completely infallible. We write about those times, 1938 - 1948, only for historical events. His everyday issues must be resolved, and not live in what happened 70 years ago.
            1. iouris
              iouris 17 March 2016 15: 07
              +3
              Quote: hrad
              But we do not have a division into enemies of the people, the fifth column or the press supporting the only unique and completely infallible.

              And we have. Therefore, do not teach us how to live.
              I want to remind you that the real Czech flag is a white lion on a white field.
            2. Alexey RA
              Alexey RA 17 March 2016 15: 44
              +7
              Quote: hrad
              We write about those times, 1938 - 1948, only for historical events.

              Who would have doubted ... I can even say and show why the Czech Republic is trying not to remember much about the topic of the "terrible German occupation".

              1942 year. Prague says goodbye to Reinhard Heydrich - SS Obergruppenführer and Deputy (Acting) Imperial Protector of Bohemia and Moravia:

            3. Alf
              Alf 17 March 2016 21: 39
              +1
              Quote: hrad
              and not live in what was 70 years ago.

              We don't live, but the past haunts you. Otherwise, where would such "masterpieces" come from?
        2. avt
          avt 17 March 2016 15: 10
          +8
          Quote: hrad
          You will tell me: "You must remember your past." Yes, you do, but you can't hang around in the past!

          Whoever remembers the old is out of the question, and whoever forgets the old is both.
          Quote: hrad
          . You were not there and I was not there

          Even my grandfather was not there, since he smelled a sapper on the front end, even before the Victory he was commissioned for injuries. This is not counting those fallen close relatives, of whom one of my great-grandmother prayed for one - and so one returned.
          Quote: hrad
          about. It's time to stop living that war. It would be necessary to go ahead.

          ,, Sing swallow sing "
          Quote: hrad
          ! And then you stop developing and become necrophiles.

          Because of these, in the 90s, a generation "Ivanov of the kinship of non-names" grew up, I will not even speak for the maydaunnyh Banderlog, our great-grandchildren who survived the blockade in St. Petersburg zigged with a cry I stabbed the blockade.
          Quote: hrad
          ... And that was in Moscow and on a rich Mercedes I read "Thank you grandfather for the Victory", and on a Mitsubishi - "This is my trophy from Berlin." Don't know if a psychologist can help?

          And what? We were reminded of the type that the Czechs resisted the hated Hitler regime so much that factories, not bad by the way, made weapons for the Wehrmacht until 1945.
          Quote: hrad
          . We write about those times, 1938 - 1948, only for historical events.

          So you and statehood almost never had - all your life, with rare exceptions after the First World War and a little in the "camp of socialism", which was a whole Czechoslovakian, but in the 38th they merged like the USSR in 1991 without a fight, and after The socialist camps fell apart again, but on their own. So, unlike the USSR / Russia, you actually, as a state,
          Quote: hrad
          and not live in what was 70 years ago.

          she and nothing, and
          Quote: hrad
          Your everyday issues need to be addressed.

          will be for you, as it has always been, well, nowadays not in Vienna and Moscow before, but in Brussels, as now. So envy silently from afar, otherwise there are enough people who want to impose the Hague on us in Russia instead of their own constitutional court, belogondonnikov "
          1. avt
            avt 17 March 2016 15: 32
            0
            In general, such a funny position, even a nasty one - like when you really want to dunk, "a bloody tyrannical past"
            Quote: hrad
            For example, they received an order to take all the Russian emigrants who emigrated to Czechoslovakia after the revolution and after the civil war in Russia. Just look what Russians lived in Czechoslovakia! Rather, it was necessary to take all the Russian emigrants together with the children whom Hitler did not manage to destroy. The NKVD received an order - it is necessary to comply.

            Since something about
            Quote: hrad
            His everyday issues must be resolved, and not live in what happened 70 years ago.

            Do not remember, but when it is proposed to separate "the lambs from the goats" with very specific examples, so immediately
            Quote: hrad
            You were not there and I was not there. It's time to stop living that war.

            Well - do not wait!
    2. Alexey RA
      Alexey RA 17 March 2016 15: 42
      +7
      Quote: hrad
      Just look what Russians lived in Czechoslovakia! Rather, it was necessary to take all the Russian emigrants together with the children whom Hitler did not manage to destroy. The NKVD received an order - it is necessary to comply. Despite the fact that these survivors were then citizens of Czechoslovakia, for example, the Czechoslovak General Sergei Wojciechowski.

      Ah, poor, unhappy Sergei Wojciechowski. An innocent Russian emigrant and a Czechoslovak general.
      Wait a minute though. Wait a minute ... and this, by chance, is not the chief of staff of the 1st Czechoslovak division in the Russian army, the commander of the 3rd Czechoslovak name Jan имениižka of the infantry regiment and a member of the Military College of the interim executive committee of the Czechoslovak troops in Russia?
      Commander of the military units of the Chelyabinsk Group and the Ural Front.
      Commander of the Samara Group of Forces Government Directory.
      In 1919 he joined the service of Kolchak.
      Commander of the 2nd Ufa Corps.
      Commander of the Ufa Group of Forces.
      Commander-in-Chief of the Eastern Front.
      Commander of the troops of the Russian Eastern Outskirts.

      Oh yes, he was still a member of the Russian All-Military Union (ROVS).
  9. Pomeranian
    Pomeranian 17 March 2016 14: 10
    +3
    Very interesting, informative article. Sincere thanks to the engineer. An interesting photo, where Polish collaborators are sitting with "Schmeisers". I'll take it to my collection.
  10. iouris
    iouris 17 March 2016 15: 05
    +3
    Very relevant. Highly.
  11. vlavek
    vlavek 17 March 2016 18: 01
    +1
    Quote: thinker
    This is a reconstruction of the liberation of the city of Chuguev from the Nazi invaders in 2009.
    http://newdaynews.ru/photo_reporting/244198.html


    Ukrainians in the Kharkiv region arranged reconstruction
  12. AlexSam
    AlexSam 17 March 2016 20: 43
    0
    Quote: Mangel Olys
    Is there a reconstruction in the first picture? Fascists are under escort in "armor".

    the last German in the line is choking with laughter) probably a dozen takes have been done))
  13. kotev19
    kotev19 18 March 2016 20: 49
    0
    Who did not watch - I advise you to look !!!