Military Review

An occasion to reflect on World Civil Defense Day

38
1 March marks World Civil Defense Day, which appeared on 1990 on special calendar dates due to the activities of the International Civil Defense Organization (ICDO). Today, this structure unites 56 countries of the world, plus 18 of so-called observer states is included in it. The headquarters of ICDO is located in Geneva, Switzerland. In 1993, the Ministry of Emergency Situations of the Russian Federation joined the International Civil Defense Organization, becoming its full members at the government level.


Today, the term "civil defense" does not cause most questions. He is at the hearing from the school bench. Civil defense is commonly understood as a set of measures to prepare for the protection of not only the population, but also material and cultural values ​​from various kinds of dangers - in particular, from raging elements, a number of anthropogenic and man-made factors.

An occasion to reflect on World Civil Defense Day


The term "civil defense" ("civil defense") came to us from the French language, the carrier of which was the founder of the ICD Georges Saint-Paul. It was he who introduced the term “protection civile” (both at the household and at the legal level), which does not lose its relevance. Despite technical innovations, the number of disasters associated with various factors is not decreasing, but, if we talk about global statistics, it grows from year to year. Man learned to split the atom, determine the composition of the earth's crust, go into space, but the rampant of natural elements - floods, fires, earthquakes still pose a serious danger to all mankind.

The notorious human factor makes its negative contribution to the piggy bank annually occurring at various sites of accidents and catastrophes. Someone often decides to rely on chance, believing that civil defense and the protection of people's lives are some ephemeral notions from the school life cycle, and what this leads to is the dry statistics of the figures. Only for 2015 year, according to the Ministry of Emergency Situations, 77 man-made disasters occurred in Russia, in some of which human “chance” played its role. As a result of these accidents, 287 people died, another 686 was injured and injuries of varying severity. Over the same 2015 year in Russia, more than 72,7 thousand fires occurred, the total damage from which amounted to about 7 billion rubles! Fatalities from fires - 5042 man, victims - about 6 thousands. These are very alarming figures, demonstrating that with all the development of the Ministry of Emergency Situations, the attitude towards safety standards by the population itself (including the professional component - emergency situations at work, etc.) often remains frivolous, so to speak, so to say. No better with the seriousness of the attitude to the GO - and among officials.

One of the recent tragic events, which once again demonstrated the attitude of representatives of large business to the life and health of ordinary workers, occurred at the Severnaya mine in Vorkuta. 36 people were officially recognized as dead, including five professional mine rescuers. The bodies of the 26-ti Vorkuta miners still remain in the mine at a depth of almost 750 meters. The cause of the tragedy was the explosion of methane, the concentration of which was exceeded at times.

It would seem, how could it happen that methane concentration on the “North” exceeded all conceivable norms, because the mine is under dual control with the help of stationary and portable gas analyzers. However, from the stories of Vorkuta miners and their relatives, it becomes clear that the management of coal mines is engaged in gas analysis exclusively for "correct" reporting. Different gas analyzers show different values. Portable sensors that the miners have “on hand” show methane concentrations exceeding, and the main analyzer, which should signal the deadly risk “upward”, is strangely silent, showing that “everything is normal”. And after all, this is not the case only on a single “Northern” one. It is almost universal practice, when in the pursuit of profit, owners of coal mining companies are ready to sacrifice the lives of miners, guided by the cynical formula: “If these people die, there will be others”.



For obvious reasons, the investigating authorities should conduct an extremely thorough investigation of the Vorkuta tragedy, but will this solve the problem in general? - Big question. And the answer to this question lies in the plane of responsibility of large business and the state before the ordinary citizen.

“Military Review” expresses its condolences to the families and friends of the miners and mine rescuers who died at the Severnaya mine in Vorkuta, and hopes that the necessary conclusions will be drawn by responsible persons.

How today the goals and objectives of civil defense and defense Russian Emergency Situations Ministry:

civil defense training;
warning the population about the dangers arising from military conflicts or as a result of these conflicts, as well as in emergency situations of natural and man-made character;
evacuation of the population, material and cultural values ​​to safe areas;
the provision of personal and collective protection to the public;
carrying out events on light masking and other types of masking;
conducting rescue and other urgent work in the event of danger to the public during military conflicts or as a result of these conflicts, as well as in emergency situations of natural and man-made character;
priority life support of the population affected by military conflicts or as a result of these conflicts, as well as in emergency situations of natural and man-made character;
combating fires caused by military conflicts or as a result of these conflicts;
detection and designation of areas exposed to radioactive, chemical, biological or other contamination;
sanitary treatment of the population, disinfection of buildings and structures, special processing equipment and territories;
restoring and maintaining order in areas affected by military conflicts or as a result of these conflicts, as well as in natural and man-made emergencies;
urgent restoration of the functioning of the necessary utilities in wartime;
urgent burial of corpses in wartime;
ensuring the sustainability of the organizations necessary for the survival of the population in military conflicts or as a result of these conflicts, as well as in emergency situations of natural and man-made character;
ensuring the constant readiness of forces and means of civil defense.


It must be recalled here that until 2020, Russia has implemented a unified state policy in the field of civil defense and protection, approved by the President of the Russian Federation in September 2011. On the basis of this state policy, the civil defense system should be constantly improved on the basis of a whole series of public education and training activities for officials.



However, numerous accidents and disasters of a techno- and anthropogenic character show that so far not all officials have undergone specialized training qualitatively and responsibly, and not all the people involved in training within the framework of civil defense are aware of the seriousness of these activities.
Photos used:
http://www.mchs.gov.ru/
38 comments
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  1. Mavrikiy
    Mavrikiy 1 March 2016 05: 58
    +5
    What is there to think. Restore the GO system in full, without hysteria and snot.
    1. PSih2097
      PSih2097 1 March 2016 08: 40
      +2
      Quote: Mavrikiy
      Restore the GO system in full, without hysteria and snot.

      only to return to school the subject "GROB" money is needed so much that the Ministry of Education will blast or demand that all the expenses be borne by the Ministry of Emergency Situations or the Ministry of Defense, then the restoration and modernization of anti-nuclear shelters will require even more funds ...
      So it doesn’t work out in full, without tantrums and snot. (Here I am such a pessimist).
      1. Pravdarm
        Pravdarm 1 March 2016 08: 47
        +1
        And still it is necessary to be engaged in it! It was fun as before! laughing
        1. Tatyana
          Tatyana 1 March 2016 12: 01
          +1
          Happy World Civil Defense Day, dear Emergencies Ministry!
          Peace, kindness and prosperity throughout the Earth!
          I wish you to always return home safe and sound yourself!
  2. Alexander Romanov
    Alexander Romanov 1 March 2016 06: 21
    +2
    civil defense training;
    This is not in our country.

    warning of the public about the dangers arising from or due to military conflicts
    Everyone in our country knows if an alarm sounds, then someone checks it. Does it work or not wassat And when God forbid that something serious happens, everyone will think that it's okay, another check of the system.

    as well as in emergency situations of a natural and man-made nature;

    This is, SMSki come to the phone.

    For everything else, well, there are no complaints.
    1. Dezinto
      Dezinto 1 March 2016 06: 43
      +1
      Everyone in our country knows if an air alarm sounds - that means someone is checking it


      A couple of times a month. Kaliningrad 200 meters from my window, military unit of the Navy.

    2. Anatole Klim
      Anatole Klim 1 March 2016 09: 07
      +5
      Quote: Alexander Romanov
      if an air alarm sounds

      If you heard the sound of a siren, then this is not an “Air alert!” Signal, it is a “ATTENTION TO ALL!” Signal, by which citizens must turn on the radio, TV and listen to the message from the GO headquarters about what happened and what needs to be done. Also, cars of the Ministry of Emergency Situations, police, etc., equipped with loud-speaking communications, and duplicate this message should go to the city streets. Unfortunately, the overwhelming majority of the population does not know anything about this and training is not provided, remember Krymsk, sadly. Let anyone know here.
      1. Alexander Romanov
        Alexander Romanov 1 March 2016 12: 39
        0
        Quote: Anatol Klim
        this is the signal “ATTENTION TO ALL!”, by which citizens must turn on the radio, TV and listen to the message of the GO headquarters about what happened and what needs to be done

        Gee Gee Gy, walking down the street, a siren began to roar. Nothing around has changed, no one has pulled anywhere.
        Quote: Anatol Klim
        . Also, cars of the Ministry of Emergency Situations, police, etc., equipped with loud-speaking communications, and duplicate this message should go to the city streets

        I went this once — I saw it, screamed at something in a matyugalnik. And people went about their business and walked.
    3. atalef
      atalef 1 March 2016 10: 14
      +3
      Come on with GO.
      All cat lovers !!!!
      on the first day of the first spring month, according to a spontaneously established tradition, Russia celebrates Cats Day. Interesting that many nations

      Source: http://www.calend.ru/holidays/0/0/1902/
      © Calend.ru
      1. Alexander Romanov
        Alexander Romanov 1 March 2016 12: 40
        +1
        Quote: atalef
        All cat lovers !!!!

        Hi Sanya! And he couldn’t pick up a creature more sympathetic. Horror-delete yourself.
        1. Nagaibak
          Nagaibak 1 March 2016 16: 31
          +1
          = Alexander Romanov "And I couldn't find what prettier living creature."
          The concept of beauty is a purely individual thing.))))
      2. Koshak
        Koshak 1 March 2016 18: 03
        +2
        http://topwar.ru/uploads/images/2016/174/moab747.jpg

        That's better?
      3. ivanovbg
        ivanovbg 1 March 2016 22: 48
        0
        Hahahahah, Atalef, why turned the cat inside out - with fur inside? Is there any conspiracy against cats?

        PS I’m joking, joking, I know that it’s a “sphinx” :) But anyway, I like to squeeze cats with fur from the outside :)
      4. Cat man null
        Cat man null 2 March 2016 15: 49
        0
        greetings to all hi

        This is only one. In general, there are two of them, different repeat
  3. aszzz888
    aszzz888 1 March 2016 06: 21
    +3
    The very term "civil defense" ("civil protection")

    We remember from school. In the diary they wrote in abbreviated form: Coffin - from the first two letters in words. The teachers were cursing. recourse
    1. Cat man null
      Cat man null 2 March 2016 15: 52
      0
      Quote: aszzz888
      abbreviated: Coffin

      Yeah .. it was there that I learned the word SNAVR (rescue emergency emergency recovery work).

      What kind of word good
  4. Same lech
    Same lech 1 March 2016 06: 28
    +3
    however, will this solve the problem in general? - The big question. And the answer to this question lies in the plane of responsibility of large business and the state to the ordinary citizen.


    Business is profit above all.
    And I don’t understand how it is possible to interest big business in RUSSIA to invest money in a business that does not bring income to oligarchs and large capitalists.
    Further, I believe that the process of the formation of capitalism in RUSSIA is still ongoing, this is evidenced by the government’s plans to give private tidbits of our economy and natural resources into the hands of capital and civil defense somehow does not fit into the general picture of the development of our country.
    Civil defense will develop in RUSSIA according to the residual principle, such is la la.
  5. Signaller
    Signaller 1 March 2016 06: 41
    +1
    Of course, they will understand this tragedy, but no one will give why this happened. The accident occurred on the full moon, right? And to any scientist. associated with astronomy and astrophysics it is known that at this time strong tidal forces from the moon act on the Earth. Earth, as it were, is attracted to the moon. From here and all the hardships. Strata of the earth begin to move. Zones where methane has accumulated, hydrogen is released, and gases are released .. One must think. Maybe during the full moon and next to these dates, strengthen control over the gas contamination of mines, minimize work, make miners a weekend ???? But this is a science to say. I am not God, I just guess.
    1. Same lech
      Same lech 1 March 2016 06: 48
      +3
      The accident occurred on the full moon, right?


      The criminal case in this case will be opened in spite of any full moon and investigators will not take into account what tidal forces acted on the EARTH at the time of the tragedy.
      Issues related to ensuring and non-ensuring the safety of people working in the mine will be considered.
      I am more inclined to consider the underestimation by the mine administration of the growing threat of methane explosion .... that is, the human factor.
      Let’s wait and see whether conclusions from this tragedy will be drawn (in the mines of KEMEROV there were the same problems).
      1. your1970
        your1970 1 March 2016 12: 52
        +3
        somehow 10 years ago I read that the miners themselves turned off / roughened methane sensors so that they wouldn’t be raised to the top and the salary went for working out .. I won’t be surprised if this was the case here, maybe together with the mine’s administration .. it’s ...
    2. goblin xnumx
      goblin xnumx 1 March 2016 20: 49
      0
      you need to go to the press center of the ministry of miracles and fairy tales, such people are needed there :)
  6. Great-grandfather of Zeus
    Great-grandfather of Zeus 1 March 2016 06: 47
    +3
    I will join the site and also express my condolences to the families of those who died as a result of explosions at the mine. Land they rest in peace.
  7. Ozhogin Dmitry
    Ozhogin Dmitry 1 March 2016 07: 00
    +5
    And in Moscow, all bomb shelters were occupied by businessmen, under car washes, car services, even car dealerships. People simply don’t know what to do and where to run if something happens. Maybe you need to start from this? In many schools, OBZH is not taught, and if there is one, then they talk about garbage that is unnecessary.
    1. STALK1974
      STALK1974 1 March 2016 10: 20
      +1
      Duck is not only in Moscow. There is such a mess across Russia. Not a single bomb shelter is left, everything is destroyed, there are no training classes, with the exception of basement shelters of government buildings and administrations am
    2. engineer74
      engineer74 1 March 2016 16: 23
      +3
      Quote: Ozhogin Dmitry
      And in Moscow, all bomb shelters were occupied by businessmen, under car washes, car services, even car dealerships. .

      EMNIP, when they were leased to komersants, a prerequisite was the maintenance in working condition of the GO equipment, which I did not know. On the other hand, unguarded, unheated, often flooded bomb shelters are also not ice .. smile
  8. Zomanus
    Zomanus 1 March 2016 07: 06
    +5
    Yes, the system is broken.
    Personally, what happened, I don’t even know where the nearest shelter is,
    where you can hide. Many who work in offices,
    don't know that either.
    I'm not even talking about putting on a gas mask and stuff.
    Here, the siren howled, SMS came.
    What should I do, what would be right, and not stupid vanity.
    We are not taught this.
    1. guzik007
      guzik007 1 March 2016 14: 02
      +4
      I’m not even talking about putting on a gas mask and stuff.
      ------------------------------------------------------------
      Skills may have remained, but, WHERE are they! These same gas masks? Previously, all hospitals, institutions had them in full. Now ... In my city, Europe’s largest oil refining complex and not a single gas mask for the population. In any case, we don’t have a word about them. traffic jam. The single-population output of 250 thousand cities was previously written off. Yes, still. Previously, according to the mobile prescription, all city hospitals with patients must be taken out by bus. Now a new installation. Since all medical staff have private cars, then ... Guess? and you say GO ... full Coffin across the country, if more precisely.
  9. Mangel olys
    Mangel olys 1 March 2016 07: 08
    +4
    One of the last tragic events, which once again demonstrated the attitude of large business representatives to the life and health of ordinary workers, occurred at the Severnaya mine in Vorkuta.

    Civil defense and emergency services in our country are remembered only when something has already happened. As they say, when "a roast cock bites". Representatives of any business have only profit on their minds, and they do not care about the people. We worked - we know.
  10. Mera joota
    Mera joota 1 March 2016 07: 08
    +1
    The bodies of 26 Vorkuta miners still remain in the mine at a depth of almost 750 meters.

    All buried already?
  11. maxes
    maxes 1 March 2016 08: 55
    +4
    On the Vorkuta mine "Severnaya".
    There are such concepts as "rock burst" (how to predict the destruction of the mine wall, if the surface is 750 meters, and the rock is heterogeneous?) And "sudden release of methane". In principle, neither the first nor the second can be predicted. Unfortunately, this is an inherent risk in mine development. In addition, the mine itself is classified as "supercategorized" in terms of methane content (in order of increasing hazard: I, II, III, "supercategorized").
    So methane can be released at any time from the coal seam being developed.
    And the reason for everything is high-quality coal, which is used for smelting higher grades of steel.
    So, if you want reliable equipment, you have to take risks ... Unfortunately. sad
  12. Nikkos79
    Nikkos79 1 March 2016 09: 53
    +7
    I, as a specialist working in the civil defense system with 2003, can say that the system is almost collapsed, and the EMERCOM itself made the biggest contribution to its collapse.
    1. Salavatsky Ministry of Emergency Situations
      12
      Quote: Nikkos79
      I, as a specialist working in the civil defense system with 2003, can say that the system is almost collapsed, and the EMERCOM itself made the biggest contribution to its collapse.


      I fully support, I myself work in the GO system from the year 1998.
      And the GO system was destroyed by none other than Comrade Shoigu SK
      Maybe Shoigu is not bad for the Defense Ministry of the Russian Federation, but with him all the GO troops collapsed, including the part in which I served, and it was considered the best in the Volga region.
      The GO troops were a real force - these were rescue centers, as well as consolidated mobile units in each unit. Our unit covered the entire Republic of Bashkortostan, and now it has been laid on the fire and rescue garrisons, which basically have to fight fires. And the garrisons themselves have already been robbed by unification by inter-municipal principle.
      Now, just that - to the elimination of emergencies attract soldiers of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, as the professional rescuers in the Emergencies Ministry - the cat cried, but the generals and colonels - a whole cloud. In our republic, the chief of the TsUKS 9 deputies and the 1 assistant are all colonels, lieutenant colonels and the 2 major. Imagine what kind of money just goes to pay.
      The Ministry of Emergency Situations is now more like a writers' union - from the papers sent from above you can be flashed so much that it becomes sick. One useless correspondence, grinding eggs through a pocket, the work only boils on paper, and you don’t have time to draw any slides.
      In order to revive the GO system, huge funds are needed, so that in the near future there will be no revival.
      Sorry, sore.
      1. goblin xnumx
        goblin xnumx 1 March 2016 20: 52
        0
        I join ... :(
  13. vladimirvn
    vladimirvn 1 March 2016 09: 55
    +3
    There is something to think about. The time is now hot. And the people do not want to think bad. He would have to feed the family, raise the kids, and bring them to people. But people need to be taught, trained. Here the stick and carrot method should work. You get a job, a fad in the contract, is obliged to participate in emergency contingent and rescue units. He came home, in the entrance combat crew hangs, Ivanov runs with a hook, Petrov with a shovel. The siren howled, rushing headlong nowhere, wait, now information will be received on what to do. At home, the alarm case is always assembled. I put the documents in there and I'm ready. Know where the nearest shelter is. Tense up local housekeepers to start working, and not only collected money.
  14. pigkiller
    pigkiller 1 March 2016 10: 45
    +2
    The day before yesterday A. Dvorkovich was diligently proving that the "abrupt increase" in the concentration of methane
    the mine happened unpredictably and the disaster was technically inevitable.
    And the owner of "Severnaya" is ...?
  15. epsilon571
    epsilon571 1 March 2016 12: 32
    +4
    pigkiller RU Today
    And the owner of "Severnaya" is ...?


    Mordashov Alexey Alexandrovich

    Chairman of the Board of Directors of Severstal OJSC, General Director of Severstal Group CJSC Status: $ 11,1 billion

    Born September 26, 1965 in Cherepovets, Vologda Oblast.
    Parents: Father, Alexander Mordashov, graduated from the Gorky Polytechnic Institute with a degree in electrical engineering and moved to Cherepovets in the early 1960s. There, at the Cherepovets Metallurgical Plant, he met Mordashov's mother, who worked in the equipment department.
    In 1988 Alexey Mordashov graduated with honors from the Leningrad Engineering and Economics Institute named after Tolyatti.

    In Leningrad, he met Anatoly Chubais, who taught at this institute. After the first year, Alexei Mordashov came to Chubais as an assistant to the department. Mordashov says about Chubais that he gave him a lot of rare at that time knowledge about the economic mechanism, first introduced him to the works of Yegor Gaidar. For full information see the website:

    http://vspro.info/content/2002-biografiya-po-versii-agentstvo-federalnykh-rassle
    dovanii-wwwflbru

    ***
    Who is the owner of the Vorkuta mines?
    Why don't they remember him?
    In his mine, people die
    That methane is only to blame?

    Why Dvorkovich, not him,
    Explains the reasons for the explosions?
    Let the "master" conclude
    And the miners will confirm that.

    Not one owner - the answer is me
    This is a company they say ... and the points
    What kind of company? Not a line
    And the names of the co-owners are not.

    They will find extreme in misfortune
    Say engineer, electrician, master
    And misfortunes hang on them ...
    And, the "owners" of the mine, will they name it?

    / Author Vadim, site Poems. RU /
  16. wanderer_032
    wanderer_032 1 March 2016 18: 25
    +2
    How the civil defense system worked in the USSR:





  17. 4ekist
    4ekist 1 March 2016 19: 36
    +3
    I want to say about the objects of civil defense, which are assigned to industrial enterprises - bomb shelters. I had to visit one such "object". Almost all technical systems: FVU, water tanks, sewerage, door locking mechanisms, rubber gaskets on them, diesel power plants, as well as radio stations, DP devices - all this is rotten and does not meet the requirements. We can say - there is no master. But what else amazed me - the company can lease such premises, for example, for growing mushrooms. After that, there are spores of oyster mushrooms, champignons, etc. How can people be there at "x" hour, if you can breathe and catch mushroom pneumonia, which is deadly.
    1. wanderer_032
      wanderer_032 1 March 2016 19: 45
      +2
      Quote: 4ekist
      Almost all technical systems: HLF, water tanks, sewers, door locking mechanisms, rubber gaskets on them, DES, as well as radio stations, DP devices - all this is rotten and does not meet the requirements. We can say - there is no master.


      So at the present time our "great helmsmen" will tell us only this:

      1. Save who and how can!

      2. Help yourself!

      3. And when you helped yourself, help us. (But why?)

      And for a "snack":



      Everything is said and shown here more than clearly.
  18. gendir.grifon
    gendir.grifon 1 March 2016 20: 30
    +2
    For the most part, commerce will never be engaged in community service. Honest and decent people among businesses are more likely an exception than a rule. For them, the main loot, and people - a means of earning the very dough. I came to such a disappointing conclusion based on the results of 16 years of identifying and suppressing tax and other economic crimes. Now retired, forced to work in this so-called business, I see all this rot from the inside. I am firmly convinced that it is time to curtail this NEP-2, nationalize strategic sectors of the economy, and stop commercializing everything and everyone. Capitalism in our country will not lead to anything good. As for the sphere of civil defense, it is necessary to restore it in full, using Soviet and foreign experience.