Military Review

The last battle of the "tail company"

The last battle of the "tail company"

History The Great Patriotic War is now overgrown with a mass of myths and legends. Sometimes it is possible to distinguish truth from fiction only by enlisting documentary evidence. The battle that took place on July 30 on the 1941 of the year near the village of Legedzino, Talnovsky district (Republic of Ukraine), is not officially confirmed. This battle was not included in the Sovinformbureau reports, for a number of reasons it does not appear in the combat logs of the Soviet units, information about this battle is not stored on the archives' shelves. It was an ordinary fight, one of many thousands, of those that rattled daily in the smelly of gunpowder and blood of July forty-one. Only scant evidence of eyewitnesses about the last battle of the detachment of border guards and their unusual "tailed company" with the Nazi invaders, and a monument to people and dogs standing on the ancient Uman land confirm that this event, which has no analogues in the history of the Second World War, after all it was.

When a man tamed a dog is not known for certain, some scientists believe that this was accomplished during the last ice age not earlier than 15 thousands of years ago, others put off this date by another 100 thousands of years. However, whenever this happened, the person immediately understood the benefits of working with a shaggy, toothy beast, appreciating his delicate scent, strength, endurance, loyalty and selfless devotion bordering on self-sacrifice. In addition to the use of tamed dogs in various spheres of human activity, in particular during the hunt, as watchmen and vehicles, the ancient military leaders immediately appreciated their fighting qualities. It is not surprising that military history knows many examples when the skillful use of dogs trained for combat had a decisive impact on the outcome of the battle, or on the specific result of a military operation. The first more or less credible references to the fighting dogs that took part in the war date back to 1333 BC. The fresco depicting the army of the Egyptian pharaoh during his next aggressive campaign in Syria, painted big, eared dogs attacking the enemy troops. Fighting dogs served in many ancient armies, it is known that they were widely used by the Sumerians, Assyrians, warriors of ancient India. In the 5 century BC, the Persians, by decree of King Cambyses, began breeding special breeds of dogs designed exclusively for combat. Speaking shoulder to shoulder with the invincible phalanxes of Alexander the Great, the fighting dogs took part in his Asian campaign, four-legged soldiers served in the Roman legions and in the armies of the medieval states. Years passed, weapons and means of defense improved, the scale and tactics of warfare became different. The direct participation of dogs in battles almost disappeared, but the true friends of man still continued to be in the ranks, fulfilling the tasks of protecting, escorting, searching for mines, and also worked as liaison officers, nurses, scouts and saboteurs.

In Russia, the first mention of the introduction into the staffing of military units of service dogs belong to the 19 century. After the October Revolution, in 1919, the now undeservedly forgotten canine scientist Vsevolod Yazykov submitted a proposal to the Council of Labor and Defense about the organization of schools of official dog breeding in the Red Army. Soon the dogs had already served in the Red Army, as well as in various power structures of the young Soviet state. A few years later, throughout the country, official dog breeding clubs and amateur dog breeders' sections were organized at OSOAVIAHIM, who did a lot to staff border, guard and other military units with service dogs. In the pre-war years, the cult of working people, especially representatives of heroic professions, including fighters and commanders of the Red Army — defenders of the socialist Fatherland — actively developed in the USSR. The border guard service was considered the most valiant and romantic, and the type of the border guard, of course, was incomplete without his shaggy four-legged assistant. Movies were made about them, books were published, and images of the famous border guard Karatsyupa and border dog Dzhulbars became almost nominal. Historians of the liberal color of the last quarter of a century, assiduously defaming the NKVD of the USSR and its then leader L.P. Beria, for some reason, they completely forget that this department also included border guards. The frontier troops of the NKVD of the USSR always appear in the archival documents and in the memoirs of the front-line soldiers as the most stable and reliable units for which there were no impossible tasks, because the best of the best were selected for service in the Border Troops and their combat, physical, moral and political training times was considered a reference.

At the beginning of the war, the "green buttonholes" were the first to take the blow of the Nazi aggressors. In the summer of 1941, the German war machine seemed invincible, Minsk fell, most of the Soviet Baltic states were left, the heroic Odessa was surrounded, and Kiev was under threat of capture. On all fronts of the Great War, including on the Southwestern Front, border guards served in the rear, served as commandant companies at headquarters, and were also used as ordinary infantry units directly at the front lines. In July, south of Kiev by German tank the wedges managed to break through our defenses and completely surrounded the 130th group of Soviet troops in the Uman area, which consisted of units of the 6th and 12th armies of the Southwestern Front, commanded by generals Ponedelin and Muzychenko. For a long time, almost nothing was known about the fate of the Red Army men and commanders who ended up in the Uman Cauldron. Only thanks to the release in 1985 of the book "Green Brahma", which belonged to the famous Soviet poet and songwriter Yevgeny Dolmatovsky, a direct participant in those events, some details of the tragedy became known to the general public.

The Green Brahma is a wooded-hilly massif located on the right bank of the Sinyukh River, near the villages of Podvysokoye in the Novoarkhangelsky district of the Kirovograd region and the Legedzino of Talny district of Cherkasy region. In July, 41 had two headquarters in the village of Legedzino at once: Lieutenant General Snegov's 8 Infantry Corps and Colonel Mindru 16 Panzer Division. The headquarters covered three companies of a separate Kolomiya border commandant, commanded by Major Filippov and his deputy Major Lopatin. The exact number of border guards guarding the headquarters is unknown, but absolutely all the researchers involved in this topic agree that there could not be more than 500 people. The list of the separate Kolomiya border commandant at the beginning of 1941 of the year consisted of 497 people, on 22 of June in the ranks there were 454 people. But we should not forget that for almost a month the border guards participated in the battles and, of course, suffered losses, so the personnel in this military unit could hardly be more than at the beginning of the war. Also, according to available information, on 28 July 1941, in service, the border guards had only one serviceable artillery gun with a limited number of shells. Directly at Legedzino, the Border Guard Commandant was reinforced by the Lviv school of dog breeding under the command of captain Kozlov, which, in addition to 25, included personnel of about 150 service dogs. Despite the extremely poor conditions of animals, the lack of proper food and the proposals of the command to release the dogs, Major Filippov did not. The border guards, as the most organized and efficient units, were ordered to create a defensive line on the outskirts of the village and cover the waste of headquarters and rear units.

On the night of 29 on 30 July, the soldiers in green caps took their places in the indicated positions. On this sector of the front, the Soviet troops were opposed by the 11-I tank division of the Wehrmacht and the elite of the elite of the German forces - the SS division Leibstandart Adolf Hitler. One of the main attacks the Nazis expected to inflict on Legedzino, directly on the headquarters of Major General Snegov. For this purpose, the German command formed the Hermann Goering battle group consisting of two Leibstandard SS battalions, reinforced by thirty tanks, a motorcycle battalion, and an artillery regiment of the 11 Panzer Division. Early in the morning of July 30, the German units launched an offensive. As the researcher of the legedinsky battle, A.I. Fuki, several attempts of the Germans to take the village immediately, were repulsed. Turning into battle formations and processing the front edge of the Soviet troops with artillery, the SS fired tanks into the battle, followed by infantry. At the same time, around 40, motorcyclists made a detour to beat the border guards and crush their defenses with a blow from the rear.

Properly assessing the situation, Major Filippov ordered the company of Senior Lieutenant Yerofeyev to convert all forces, including the only weapon against tanks. Soon, in front of the trenches of the border guards, seven German “pantserovs” burst into flames with a furious flame, the enemy infantry was pressed to the ground with dense fire from the second and third companies that had entered the battle, and the motorcyclists who tried to circumvent their positions immediately fell on a mine bargain, and having lost half of the vehicles, turned immediately back. Fourteen hours of battle continued, again and again the German artillery attacked the positions of the border guards, and the enemy infantry and tanks continuously attacked. The Soviet fighters ran out of ammunition, the rows of defenders melted before our eyes. At the site of the third company, the Germans managed to break through the defenses, and thick crowds of enemy infantry rushed into the breach. The Germans moved through a wheat field that came close to the grove, where guides with service dogs were located. Each border guard had several shepherd dogs, hungry, not fed and not watered all day. The trained dogs for the entire time of the battle did not show themselves in motion or voice: they did not bark, did not howl, although everything around was shaking with artillery cannonade, shots and explosions. It seemed that a moment more and the Germans would crush a handful of bleeding fighters, rush into the village ... At this critical moment of the battle, Major Filippov brought his only reserve into action: he gave the order to drop the dogs attacking fascists! And the "tailed company" rushed into battle: 150 angry, trained on the physical detention of the border sheep dogs, like the hell of a snuff box jumped out of the thickets of wheat and attacked the dumbfounded Hitlerites. The dogs literally tore the Germans screaming in horror into pieces, and even having received a mortal wound, the dogs continued to dig into the body of the enemy. The picture of the battle instantly changed. In the ranks of the Nazis began to panic, bitten by people rushed to run. This was used by the surviving fighters of Major Filippov, and rose to the attack. Having no cartridges, the border guards imposed Germans on melee, acted with knives, bayonets and rifle butts, bringing even more confusion and confusion to the enemy’s camp. From the complete defeat of the soldiers, "Leibstandard" rescued the approached tanks. The Germans jumped in terror in armor, but the guards and the dogs got them there. However, dog teeth and soldiers bayonets are bad. weapon against Krupp armor, tank guns and machine guns - people and dogs were powerless against cars. As local residents later told, all the frontier guards were killed in that battle, not one turned back, not one surrendered. Most of the dogs died: the Nazis carried out a peculiar sweep, arranging a real hunt for them. The rural Serki and Bobikis fell under the hot hand, the Germans killed them too. Several surviving shepherd dogs hid in nearby woods, and, huddling together in a pack, wandered for a long time not far from the place where their masters had laid down their heads. They did not return to the people, they became wild and periodically attacked the Germans who were looking about, without ever touching the local residents. No one knows how they were different from others. According to the stories of old-timers, during the whole war, the rural boys, admiring the feat of the border guards, proudly wore green hats of the dead, to which the occupying administration and local policemen did not react at all. Apparently the enemies also paid tribute to the courage and heroism of the Soviet soldiers and their faithful four-legged friends.

On the outskirts of Legedzino, where the only hand-to-hand fight of people and dogs against the fascists took place in the world, on May 9, a monument to frontier guards and their dogs, built with public money, was opened, the inscription on which reads: “Stop and worship. Here in July, 2003, the fighters of the separate Kolomyisk border commandant's office went up to the last attack on the enemy. The 1941 border guards and the 500 of their service dogs are killed by the brave in that battle. They remained forever faithful to the oath, the native land. ” In some publications devoted to the Legedzin battle, doubts are expressed about the effectiveness and the very possibility of such an attack, citing the fact that dogs are powerless against an armed man and the Germans could simply shoot them from afar without letting them to themselves. Apparently this opinion of the authors was due to not very good films about the war, because of which in our country for a long time there is an opinion about the outright equipping of German soldiers with MP machine guns - 150. In fact, the German infantry, both in the Wehrmacht and the Waffen-SS, was armed with the usual Mauser carbine, model 40 of the year. Has anyone ever tried to fight off non-automatic weapons from several small, rapidly attacking targets that jump out of thick vegetation a meter away from you? Believe me, this occupation is ungrateful and absolutely unsuccessful. This could be confirmed by the SS "Leibstandart" torn to shreds in a wheat field near the village of Legedzino on the penultimate day of July forty-one, on the day of valor, fame and eternal memory of the border guards and brave soldiers of the "tailed company" Major Filippov.

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  1. Ami du peuple
    Ami du peuple 27 February 2016 07: 15
    In some publications devoted to the Legedzin battle, doubts are expressed about the effectiveness and the very possibility of such an attack ...

    - No, you think! - heard Artem flabby as he passed by. - They thought, at public expense, they open monuments to all sorts of myths. Well, a lie, the child understands! What is this for?
    - Lech, you do not care? came the voice of the operator.
    - I do not like bullshit.
    The operator grunted, while Artem, being interested, went to the flabby one:
    - Excuse me, can I ask a question?
    - What? Yes, I'm listening.
    - I heard or you said that ...
    - And who are you?
    - It's just that we were driving by, we looked by chance. Interesting story.
    “Nothing interesting here,” the flabby waved his hand and held out his hand. - Alexei.
    - Artem.
    - The usual shovel propaganda. Glavpurovskie fiction. There was no fight here and no dogs.
    Slavka looked in surprise at the loose uncle. And he continued to broadcast:
    - I, you know, have been fond of military history for ten years. Moreover, the primary sources, not retelling of eyewitnesses. So, in German documents, non-conventional weapons are never mentioned, which, of course, were the so-called service dogs. They are not trained to kill, so what to carry nonsense? Invented a legend now believe in these tales.
    “How do you know?” - asked Artem.
    - Ha, yes, we addressed this issue seven years ago at a military-historical forum.
    - Uncle! - suddenly voiced Slavka. - There were no dogs here?
    “There was no boy, there were no dogs here,” the flabby smiled, making him look like a toad. Well, it seemed to Slavka.
    “And they didn't save me here?” the boy asked incredulously.
    “Of course not,” the adult grinned at the child.
    “Uncle, and you are a dora,” said Slavka convincingly ....

    Alexey Ivakin "Uncle, are you a doctor?"
    1. Pomeranian
      27 February 2016 13: 29
      “Uncle, and you are a dora,” said Slavka convincingly ....

      The head of people now, than just do not clog.
  2. semirek
    semirek 27 February 2016 07: 26
    Many thanks to the author! I read it with pleasure! I believe that the border guards who were most prepared at the beginning of the war were tasked with detaining the invaders for a day - border guards performed their task in contrast to the units of the Red Army located behind their backs, mass panic, confusion reigned These days in the troops of the Belarusian military district, the command was in complete prostration, to say the least, sabotage of the orders of the rate. Thanks to separate units, as in this example, at the cost of fierce resistance to the invaders, they managed to stop the advance of the Germans, but between divisions and armies , there was no interaction and consistency — the outcome is deplorable.
    1. lel
      lel 27 February 2016 14: 36
      I somehow stumbled in the literature that, in the southwestern direction on June 22, 41, the border guard troops defeated the advancing Romanians went on a counterattack (as ordered in secret circulars) and occupied the border towns and villages of Romania ... glory to the Soviet border guards .. ..
  3. c3r
    c3r 27 February 2016 07: 42
    Glory to the valiant border guards! Eternal memory to all Russian wars!
    1. moskowit
      moskowit 27 February 2016 09: 10
      Glory to the relatives of the family!
  4. Amurets
    Amurets 27 February 2016 07: 42
    Author! thank you very much! There is nothing more to say and write! Eternal Glory and Eternal Memory.
  5. parusnik
    parusnik 27 February 2016 07: 46
    In some publications about the Legedzin battle, doubts are expressed... Not possible - possible ...
  6. Riv
    Riv 27 February 2016 08: 03
    Informative. In practice, only Bruce Lee will be able to dismiss two attacking service dogs with a knife. You still need to get out of the rifle, but it's not easy. Plus in the summer, in tall grass the dog has all the advantages. Therefore, the decision to use dogs in battle was undoubtedly the right one. That's just a pity people. It was necessary to withdraw them from melee in time. The company probably lost command in the battle.

    My grandfather, an artilleryman (the second was a tankman and they didn’t get along very well), once told me that, on the orders of the chief of staff of the division, the soldiers kept a dog on guard for each gun. Even the breed stipulated the order - like, or shepherd. They had a mongrel, which they decided to consider like. For her, they made a booth out of two shell boxes and carried the booth with them, and the dog ate, was lazy and rode right in it, only the head protruded. So I reached East Prussia.
    1. ICT
      ICT 28 February 2016 08: 37
      Quote: Riv
      In practice, only Bruce Lee can brush off two attacking service dogs with a knife.

      it’s difficult of course (I haven’t tried against two), but one advice is, first of all, not to be scared, but to imagine that you have a child with teeth
  7. Volga Cossack
    Volga Cossack 27 February 2016 08: 50
    wonderful article !!!! Eternal memory to both Border Guards and Four-legged Helpers! Thank!
  8. avia12005
    avia12005 27 February 2016 09: 48
    And now, on this holy land, where the border guards and their loyal dogs died, the Banderovites, the heirs of the Nazis, roam. If there is a God, the Ukrainian Nazis must have nightmares in which terrible frontier dogs chase them.
  9. Batia
    Batia 27 February 2016 10: 24
    Many thanks to the author for the article. I heard a crumb about this fight from my uncle. As I remember, he said that border guards fought with their dogs for several days. And he was somewhere nearby. During the retreat, the wounded border guard told him. I don’t remember anything else, I was small.
  10. midshipman
    midshipman 27 February 2016 10: 26
    This is the second article about this fight. Admiration causes the action of border guards, the commander and their pets. Is it possible that Ukrainians will raise a hand to destroy this monument to our fathers and grandfathers. A lot of similar cases of using guard dogs against fascists were on the Northern Front, especially in 1941-1942. I have the honor.
    1. gamer
      gamer 27 February 2016 21: 35
      These fagots seem to have nothing holy left!
  11. oxotnuk86
    oxotnuk86 27 February 2016 10: 26
    Who says that dogs could not stop the Germans, he did not see dogs other than couches. A 40kg shepherd weighing trained in detention trained to receive the FAS command from the guide you have no chance. At the border of the dog passed and pass severe selection, but in this case it happened. Until the end of the day, the surviving Fritz remembered our border guards and their four-legged companions. Glory to the defenders!
    1. Amurets
      Amurets 27 February 2016 12: 05
      Quote: oxotnuk86
      Who says that dogs could not stop the Germans, he did not see dogs other than couches. A 40kg shepherd weighing trained in detention trained to receive the FAS command from the guide you have no chance.
      At the outpost not far from my house, we often went there, helped as best we could, once a veterinarian went to the lining. Before that, he examined the dogs and caused pain to one. And he also got under this dog. Firstly, the male was more than 40 kg, and secondly, he was vindictive and remembered the smell of the offender. So when the male dog caught up with the veterinarian and rushed at him, he fanged the dressing suit and the veterinarian’s shoulder to the bone. And the poor fellow lain in the hospital for a month. laid, he was removed from the outpost.
  12. 56_br
    56_br 27 February 2016 10: 34
    GLORY, to our border guards and their dogs, we, unlike our enemies, even have PATRIOTS dogs.
  13. Stas57
    Stas57 27 February 2016 11: 22
    The history of the Great Patriotic War is now overgrown with a mass of myths and legends. Sometimes you can only distinguish truth from fiction only with the help of documentary evidence.

    Well, let's look at the facts

    In the vastness of the network there are also many mentions of varying degrees of detail.

    “On the night of July 30, the corps command became aware of the enemy’s new intention to break through and seize the headquarters, which was located in the small village of Legedzino.
    31 July. Dawn…
    The line of defense of the headquarters began to the left of the outskirts of the village, then went along the ridge of height, then descended and again rose to a flat plateau.
    The day before the battle, we equipped the main, reserve and false positions. On the last installed faulty guns and layouts. They looked so convincingly plausible that during the battle the enemy brought down on them artillery fire of the same strength as the main positions, and this, of course, reduced the density of fire.
    The sappers installed minefields and built several surprise traps in front of the main positions, masking them with poles and branches. Anti-aircraft gunners adapted their installations for firing at tanks.
    By this time, in the Separate Special Purpose Battalion, Major Filippov, along with guide dogs, there were only about three hundred and fifty people. True, the battalion was given an antiaircraft division of seven seventy-six-millimeter guns with calculations under the command of Captain Kasatkin with the 99th Red Banner Rifle Division, a platoon of anti-tank guns and one armored car, as well as an engineer company, numbering about fifty people, and a platoon of communications.
    In total, the defenders of the corps headquarters were about five hundred people, and our equipment had one incomplete ammunition. It was clear that the battle with the enemy would be unequal.
    To seize the headquarters of the 8 rifle corps, Major General Snegov, the Nazis abandoned two battalions from the SS division Adolf Hitler, with the support of thirty tanks, an artillery regiment and sixty motorcycles with machine guns. " (S. 49-50).

    The following is a description of the hours-long battle during which almost all enemy tanks were destroyed and shot down, as well as a lot of enemy manpower.

    1. Stas57
      Stas57 27 February 2016 11: 23
      “... Ahead is a wheat field. It came close to the grove, where guides with service dogs were located. The head of the district school of service dog breeding, Captain M.E. Kozlov, his deputy for political affairs of the senior political officer P.I. Pechkurov and other commanders of the 26 on July were recalled to Kiev. There were twenty-five guide dogs left, led by senior lieutenant Dmitry Egorovich Ermakov and his deputy for political affairs, junior political instructor Viktor Dmitrievich Khazikov.
      Each guide had several shepherd dogs who had never given a voice during the entire battle: they did not bark, did not howl, although they had never been fed, watered for fourteen hours of battle, and everything around them trembled with artillery cannonade and explosions.
      ... The distance between us and the Nazis was shrinking. It was unlikely that anything could stop the enemy. Across the entire line of defense, the last grenades flew towards the enemy, unstable rifle shots and automatic bursts were heard. It seemed, just a moment, and the Nazis would collapse and crush an almost unarmed handful of defenders of the corps headquarters.
      And here the incredible happened: at the very moment when the Nazis roared at the frontier guards of the third company, the battalion commander Filippov ordered Yermakov to send service dogs to the fascists.
      Overtaking each other, the dogs with incredible speed overcame the wheat field, and furiously attacked the Nazis.
      In a few seconds, the situation on the battlefield changed dramatically. The Nazis were at first confused, and then they fled in panic.
      The border guards rushed forward in a single rush, chasing the enemy.
      Trying to save their own, the Nazis carried fire on us from guns and mortars.
      Above the battlefield, in addition to the usual explosions, screams and groans, stood heart-rending dog barking. Many dogs were injured and killed, mainly with knives. A significant part of them has disappeared. Many fled into the woods, not finding their masters.
      What happened to our faithful friends?
      For the rest of my life I have kept this episode in my memory, for the rest of my life I have remained in love with four-legged friends. ” (S. 61-62).

      Although Alexander Ilyich describes this battle as a single one, which occurred on July 31, there is reason to believe that a mixture of the events of 30 and 31 of July occurred. During a meeting with General Snegov in October 1958, the following conversation took place:

      “I turned to Mikhail Georgievich with the question:
      - How then ended the battle of Legezzino?
      “It's hard to convey what was happening on the battlefield,” the general began. - The Nazis failed to capture the headquarters of the corps and defeat our formation. Another attempt by the enemy to prevent the withdrawal of our troops and the evacuation of the wounded failed. The fighting in the Legedzino area continued in the following days with increasing force. On 30-31 on July, the fascist German command threw selected forces from the SS division "Adolf Hitler" against the border guards and, as it became known now, 30 tanks from the 11-th tank division. However, this did not give them the desired results. The Nazis could not calm down in any way with the defeat at Legedzino. They could not understand where we got the ammunition, because their transportation is absolutely excluded. And our firepower did not weaken.

      Oscar Münzel writes in his book Tank Tactics that on August 1-2 (1941 - A.F.), units of the 11th Panzer Division fiercely attacked in the Legedzino area. Heavy fighting, big losses ... ". (S. 91-92).

      1. Stas57
        Stas57 27 February 2016 11: 25
        In August 1964, Alexander Ilyich arrived in Legedzino:

        “I met with many residents - old-timers, witnesses of the Legedzin battle.
        “Seven days after the battle, when the Nazis already passed through our burned village to the east,” they said, “a rumor passed: behind the village, in the Kommunarsky forest, Soviet soldiers were hiding. The peasants decided to make sure and, having gone there, they really found four border guards, but only one of them was still alive. It turned out to be an instructor of the school for dog breeding, sergeant Ivan Arsenievich Ivanov, who was originally from the village of Simonovo, Kalinin Region, Greblevsky Village Council.
        “We buried the border guards who died of wounds right there,” they continued, “and they put the wounded man in a cart and drove him to the village. The shepherd was relentlessly following the cart ...
        The wound was bandaged to the border guard and laid on hay in the barn. He raved all the time, incoherently saying something. When he came to, he spoke about the ending of the Legedzin battle, when one hundred and fifty service dogs took hundreds of Nazis to flight and saved the last defenders of the headquarters. And again lost consciousness. " (p. 104-105).

        It should be noted that, of course, the Filippov battalion did not fight in splendid isolation. To the right and to the left of it were the connections and units of the 8th Rifle and 2th Mechanized Corps. On the night of July 30, the 12 commander issued a battle order to destroy the enemy bypassing the north:
        “3) 2 mk (without 15 etc.) - the initial position of the Horns, Molodetsky, Art. Babans. The immediate task is to take possession of Potash, in the future - M. Shaulikha. The axis of movement of the shtakor - Art. Babans, Potash, Shaulikha. Border on the left - Art. Babany, Molodetsky, Palanochka, Yurpol.
        4) 8 SK (58, 192 and 72 traffic police) the initial district of Ksendzovka, Krasnopolk, southern Tsibermanovka, Voitovka. The immediate task is to take possession of Palanochka, It is similar, subsequently to capture and hold metro Ivanka, Dzengelevka. The main blow - his right flank. The axis of the movement of the shtakor - Voitovka, Krasnopolka, Art. Potash. The border on the left is (claim) Kochubeyevka, South Tsibermanovka, (claim) Nesterovka
        6. The beginning of the offensive for 8 SK - 6.00; 2 and 24 mk - 7.00 and 13 ck - 8.00 30.7.41. ".

        However, the Germans preempted, striking first.
        1. The comment was deleted.
          1. Stas57
            Stas57 27 February 2016 11: 30
            On the morning of the 31 of July, the Germans did not go on the offensive on Legedzino, because continued to repel the attacks of the Soviet troops.

            “At dawn 31.7, large enemy forces, with the support of tanks, resumed attacks, but to the south of Rogy with great losses were thrown back.” (ZhBN 48-th motorized housing).

            “At about 6 o’clock in the morning, an enemy using the 1-2 battalions, supported by 25-30 tanks, attacks from the side of Talyanki and on both sides of the Legezino-Rogi road. The attack on the height of 239 and the edge of the forest east of Rogi was repelled with heavy losses for the enemy. 15 enemy tanks destroyed. ” (ZhBD 11-th Panzer Division).

            Soviet documents also report these battles:

            "2 MK has been fighting fiercely at Roga in the morning with no apparent success." (The combat report of the commander of the troops of the 12 Army from 30 July 1941 (20.35)).

            "2 MK led an unsuccessful battle at Roga." (Operational report of the headquarters of the Southern Front to the 9 hours of the 31 of July).

            After repulsing the attack, the German units go on the offensive in accordance with the task set by the command of the 48 Corps: “In 21.50, an order is received from the corps by radio from the division. On 31 of July she was ordered to take possession of the Lezezino road junction and maintain her former positions in the north and northeast. ” (ZhBN 11-th Panzer Division)

            “Thanks to the successful advance of 297 foot. divisions, battalions 11 tank. the divisions operating on its right flank were freed in the afternoon, after taking up the initial position of the 11 tank. Lezino and Talyanki attacked the divisions. After persistent battles, settlements were occupied only at nightfall. ” (ZhBN 48-th motorized housing).

            “In connection with the good advance of the 297th Infantry Division, the rifle battalion is being transferred from Podobny and Pomoynik near Rogy by noon.
            To advance on Legezino, the division commander, meanwhile, is creating a new battle group under the command of the commander of the 111 rifle regiment. It consists of the 1 and 2th battalions of the 110th regiment, 61th motorcycle rifle battalion, the 1th battalion of the 15th tank regiment and the reinforced company of the 2th battalion of the same regiment, as well as anti-tank, engineer and anti-aircraft units. The offensive should be supported by all artillery under the leadership of Arko 108.
            At 17 hours, an attack of a battle group of rifle and tank battalions begins along the main road to Lezino, and the 61 motorcycle and rifle battalion and an enhanced tank company at Talyanki west of the stream. Around 19.30, a battle group battles on the northern outskirts of Legezino and Talyanki with weak infantry but strong artillery resistance. Only shortly before dark does it manage to enter both settlements and clear them, sometimes in heavy street battles. "The battle group is divided to take up a circular defense in both places." (ZhBD 11-th Panzer Division).

            Although in the memoirs of A.I. Fuki General Snegov tried to create the impression that Legezino was not captured by the Germans after the July 31 battle, this is confirmed by synchronous Soviet documents:

            “Pr-k stubbornly attacked the infantry, the tanks of Novoselsky and 172 s Talyanka.
            Novoselsky’s troops scatter, the 172 regiment is surrounded. He sent his last reserve of 15 tanks. ” (The combat report of the commander of the 12 Army from 1 August 1941 to the Chief of Staff of the Southern Front on the situation (9.36))

            “The situation is aggravated, the enemy took Legzenden. Reserves used. The telephone communications of the troops are broken. I’m leaving the troops. ” (The combat report of the commander of the 12 Army to the Military Council of the Southern Front dated 1 on August 1941 on the situation (11.42)).

            Based on the above evidence and documents, it can be concluded that a dog attack, if any, was unlikely to be as successful as described in A.I. Fuki, otherwise, most likely, this would be reflected in German documents.

            The railways of the 48 Motorized Corps (transfer from the 500 Fund) and the 11 Tank Division (German original) are kindly provided by SW. A. Isaev.
            1. Stas57
              Stas57 27 February 2016 11: 34
              For reference, there are several clippings from German operational maps; Talyanki is underlined in green.

              July 30

              July 31


              full text
        2. Stas57
          Stas57 27 February 2016 11: 33
          “[In the morning of the 30.7] SS regiment and the 11 tank division, with the support of tanks and artillery, attacked the enemy. On the Leshchinovka-Tsibermanovka-Pomoynik-Youth Division section, all attacks were repelled by noon. The battle group of the 11 Panzer Division, which broke through after stubborn resistance to the northern outskirts of Legezino, was pushed back by a counterattack of superior enemy forces to a height south of Roga. At noon, SS Adolf Hitler and 11 Panzer Division repelled the enemy’s strong counter-attacks with the support of tanks (including heavy ones). Suppression of the enemy’s powerful artillery, which often fired from open positions, was difficult due to lack of ammunition.
          In the evening, the 11 tank division at an altitude south of Rogi repelled a strong tank attack and destroyed the 15 enemy tanks. ” (ZhBN 48-th motorized housing).

          “Due to the strong mining under the Horns, the advance detachment only at 8 in the morning starts an attack on the height of 239. This height is already taken by a very strong opponent. After a hard fight, it is captured, many guns, especially anti-tank ones, are destroyed or captured. The forward detachment, in a tough fight with the enemy, under heavy enemy artillery fire from the Kosenovka and Legezino regions, is struggling to move forward. Around noon, the advance detachment advanced to the northern outskirts of Legezino.

          Changes of the infantry battalion involved under Pomojnik in order to intensify the advance of the Bolman forward detachment cannot be expected. Therefore, the division commander decides to halt the advance of the advance detachment and take it to the 239 height. The enemy immediately presses here with large forces of tanks and infantry, with the support of strong artillery fire, at the advanced detachment that has recently retreated to 239 altitude. Despite the fierce onslaught of the enemy with strong artillery support, the height was retained. Meanwhile, the tank regiment, additionally transferred to the advance detachment, conducts a counterattack with the onset of twilight, pushing the enemy back to its original positions.

          Since the position of the advance detachment at 239 altitude remained critical, the division commander ordered the brigade commander to provide an intermediate defensive line north of Roga. Nevertheless, as a result of the tank counterattack, the occupation of an intermediate defensive line is not required. ”
          (ZhBD 11-th Panzer Division).

          I will draw attention to the Germans' complaints about the strong artillery fire, which is also mentioned by General Snegov. On July 28 in the 2th mechanized corps there were 10 regiment and 31 division 76-mm guns, 39 122-mm and 26 152-mm howitzers, and in the 8-th rifle corps - 13 regiment and 17 divisional 76 divisional 39 mm 122 26 152 mm howitzers and guns, XNUMX XNUMX mm howitzers and howitzer guns.
    2. Pomeranian
      27 February 2016 13: 27
      Well, yes, there are a lot of things. To write this article, I was encouraged by a conversation with my good friend in 2006. He just returned from the places where he was staying with his relatives and somehow told me this story with a cup of tea, adding many local legends and tales, and showed a photo of the monument to dogs and border guards. He told me that some of those former boys who wore The border caps of the dead soldiers of Major Filippov were still alive in 2006. Everything was going to go with him, to talk with eyewitnesses, but fate did not work out. And now the road to Ukraine is closed in general and my friend has rested, his kingdom be heavenly ....
  14. Good cat
    Good cat 27 February 2016 11: 27
    After the collapse of the USSR, a mass of "historians" rushed to debunk the "myths of Glavpur", based exclusively on German documents. The Germans were really interested in leaving evidence of how they got it in the neck, especially in 1941. There were already a lot of Articles about the vaunted German statistics and reporting. The Germans so varnished reality, Glavpur never dreamed of!
  15. akm8226
    akm8226 27 February 2016 11: 28
    Yes ... I had four dogs on the outpost ... Golden eagle, Cupid, Uranus and Zhenya. More than once I went on the trail in the wood. I know what this means.
    Eternal memory and glory to the Soviet border guards!
  16. Bredovich705
    Bredovich705 27 February 2016 11: 33
    Thank you for the article! A lot of such materials for youth, so that to raise pride for the country! And then the people’s brains are busy with what the hell! Knowing your story, you know why this is so real!
  17. Sergey-8848
    Sergey-8848 27 February 2016 14: 04
    On the radio "Star" There is a good note about this fight, in the story about the beginning of service dog breeding schools.
  18. gallville
    gallville 27 February 2016 15: 11
    The article is interesting. He put a plus from the heart.
    Unfortunately, in peacetime, this useful animal is undeservedly forgotten in the army. Those "dog lovers" that are in the subdivisions are usually recruited by pets "all over the world." From abandoned puppies or just dogs abandoned by their owners. There are no professional dog handlers in the units. Even conscripts wishing to serve with their dog face a lot of problems in the military registration and enlistment office. Wherein. In military conflicts, most of the subunits, almost starting from platoons, begin to acquire Balls and Bobiks picked up on the spot. Who serve faithfully to the best of their modest strength. Often saving many lives. And this is despite the lack of "pedigree", training and elementary food allocated for them, the fighters share what they themselves have.
    In the modern army, really little attention is paid to dogs. Despite the fact that, by and large, the cost of removing and training a full-fledged individual takes a minimum of costs (food, premises, dog handler for a couple of dozen animals) and time (adult animal 2 years). With incomparably huge returns: mine search, ambush detection, search and evacuation of the wounded, guard duty. And this is against the background of billions of dollars spent on modern electronic products of the same profile. Which by the way, too, was not there. Although both of these areas should go together complementary, and not mutually exclusive.

    Separately for breeding breeds in the Soviet Union, despite the rejection of "genetic engineering" actively engaged in the selection of service dogs. At that level of development of science. In our time, only enthusiasts are engaged in this. Having abandoned one of the most promising areas of science.

    By the way, you can still remember dolphins. Although this is another story.
  19. The comment was deleted.
  20. kotev19
    kotev19 27 February 2016 18: 18
    Eternal memory to all Soviet soldiers! hi
  21. Stilet
    Stilet 27 February 2016 21: 21
    ... They pulled the Fritz from the tanks ... who else can ?! Except our soldiers, no one! Eternal memory to them and the Kingdom of Heaven!
  22. engineer
    engineer 28 February 2016 04: 59
    a trained dog is a serious opponent. but against the gunshot does not pull. only. if suddenly. and it’s easy to shoot them. although the tanks were undermined. used for this and dogs. but train for a long time. and the losses are huge. and immediately refused. What can a dog do against an armed person without surprise? nothing.
    1. Pomeranian
      28 February 2016 13: 52
      Quote: engineer
      and immediately refused. What can a dog do against an armed person without surprise? nothing.

      Of course, nothing. If you go with a gun. And from weapons that do not provide for automatic firing ...
      Wound one, the second will definitely bite a piece of meat for you. In this case, we do not take into account the yard bugs, but the dogs trained to detain the enemy. Apparently, you simply haven’t come across a pack with a single-barrel.
  23. AllXVahhaB
    AllXVahhaB 28 February 2016 20: 05
    An ambivalent impression: on the one hand, you feel pride and awe, and on the other, you recall from Hasek's "Schweik", about an Austrian propaganda poster about a soldier stuck in a thorn in a no-man's land and pulling at it, causing the enemy to fire on himself so that the enemy would use up more cartridges and continued to do this, even when his arms and legs were torn off with art ...
    1. Pomeranian
      28 February 2016 21: 08
      Quote: AllXVahhaB
      so that the enemy uses up more rounds and continues to do so

      Should everyone give up in order to save ammo for the Germans ???
  24. drilled
    drilled 29 February 2016 13: 31
    Land in peace ... For soldiers and dogs