I will defend the "Brezhnev" time and the village of that time. Because I saw myself, as mother-earth blossomed and breathed, cultivated, caressed by a Russian peasant, she poured with strength and power, bringing abundant harvests. But what happened next? Why is everything so rapidly declining? Why do we still see on our table most of the products from abroad at a time when our chernozem, rich earth lives like a little mother?
I already wrote about the pre-war and post-war stories Tselinsky district, about how quickly restored the destroyed economy. But here I read a series of articles on the village of Khrushchev’s time on our website and decided, using the history of just one district as an example, without going into different historical studies, often done on overseas grants, to show clearly who was to blame for the collapse of the Russian village, which has always been the main supplier of food for both civilians and military units.
And yet - it hurts my soul. Because this time has passed and through my heart, through my youth, and I still cannot understand how easily we “surrendered” that huge, good, it seemed, eternal. And how difficult it is today to restore everything back. But I believe that we will slowly restore everything.
Award year xnumx
The collective farms had 320 trucks, a sufficient amount of agricultural implements. 11 enterprises and workshops engaged in consumer services for the population of the district. District workers served 16 post offices; two PBX; 9 radio centers, not counting the collective farm.
At the III All-Union Congress of Collective Farmers, which approved the Approximate Charter of the collective farm, Tselina delegates were N. Krivosheev. - chief agronomist of the collective farm named after May Day and Fomushkina A.V. - Brigadier vegetable growers collective farm "Precepts of Ilyich."
Tselinsky head cheese factory received the red banner of the Council of Ministers of the RSFSR and the center council of trade unions and the first cash prize.
At the stadium of the village Celina held a performance weightlifter, master of sports of the USSR D.G. Bedilo.
1971 Order of the Year
For success in the grain procurement stud farm them. Kirov was awarded the Red Banner of the Council of Ministers of the RSFSR and the All-Union Central Council of Trade Unions. He is listed on the Hammer newspaper board. The Presidium of the USSR Supreme Soviet awarded the Order of Lenin six district leaders, the Order of the October Revolution 8, the Order of the Red Banner of Labor 29, the Order of the Badge of Honor award — for the successes achieved in the development of agricultural production and the fulfillment of the five-year plan for the sale of agricultural and livestock products to the state. 38, the medal "For Labor Valor" - 19 and the medal "For Labor Difference" - 26 foremost agriculture.
Olympic 1972 year
In the autumn-winter period 1971-1972 harsh climatic conditions developed. Thousands of hectares of winter crops died in the 34,6 area. Bread obtained 67 percent of the planned. The plan for selling it is executed on 43 percent. The average yield in the area - 18 centners per hectare. The average yield of green mass of corn - 125,6 centners per hectare. Loss of livestock products.
The shelterless forest belts and gully balustrades in the area began to occupy almost 6000 hectares.
In the stud farm named after Kirov in August the championship of the Russian Federation in equestrian sport was held.
Elena Petushkova won the Olympics on the purebred raven trapeze Peple - a pupil of the Kirov stud farm. The Germans, the recognized leaders of that time, defeated. “My father went to Germany for three years and performed very well. What was driving? On the tank! " - Elena answered a question of a foreign journalist.
By the 50 anniversary of the formation of the USSR, one of the largest in the Union, the Tselinsky Rural Construction Plant, was commissioned. Its capacity is the annual release of 100 sets of precast concrete barns.
On the same date, the canteen of the plant was commissioned on 100 seats, an elementary school in the village of Petrovka with two apartments for teachers; barn on 200 heads on the Karl Marx collective farm, barn on 300 heads and pigsty-matochnik on 80 sows at the Moskovsky state farm, 6 new apartments in the stud farm “Yulovsky”.
Milk 1973 year
Twenty milkmaids in the area received 1973 3000-3500 kilograms of milk from a cow. For success in the All-Union socialist competition of livestock breeders 73, milkmaids, cattlemen, calves and other farm workers were awarded orders and medals of the USSR. 12 farmers were awarded with diplomas "Master of the High Harvest of the Don", 14 machine operators - with regional diplomas; 500 field workers - badges "For shock work on the harvest in the year 1973."
The champion of the harvest on the Don became Telikov, the mechanic of the Michurin collective farm.
For success in socialist competition to the combine worker of the First May collective farm named after Raspopov G.Ye. awarded the title Hero of Socialist Labor, he was awarded a car.
Early 1974 year
In the area 10 collective farms, 2 farm, 2 stud. This year for farmers was difficult due to weather conditions. However, the yield in the area of grain and leguminous plants was 28,1 centners per hectare, of maize for grain - 29,1; sunflower - 16,9.
A good harvest was obtained from vegetables and melons. The national economic plans for the sale of agricultural products to the state were fulfilled: grain crops by 111 percent, 186190 tons were sold; sunflower seeds - by 117%, 18565 tons sold, vegetables - by 124%.
Plans for the sale of meat, milk, eggs and wool to the state were fulfilled ahead of time.
The plans and commitments of the enterprises of industrial enterprises, transport and communications were exceeded. For the labor prowess of a combine operator, a link in the harvesting link of the Moscow State Farm - N.V. Bochkarev. awarded the title Hero of Socialist Labor.
Lean year 1975
Early high temperatures in April-May had a negative impact on crop formation. The grain yield was only 19,4 centners per hectare. The 1975 national economic plans for the sale of crop products were fulfilled by grain - by 64,9% (the plan did not fulfill any farm).
Industrial enterprises fulfilled their production plan at 108,7 percent and its sales at 105,8 percent. Industrial enterprises gave 856000 rubles of profit.
106 Tselinki awarded government awards for labor success.
At the regional equestrian competitions to overcome obstacles the prize winners were athletes of the Kirov stud farm.
In the stud to them. Kirov hosted an international auction for the sale of horses of the Trakenen, Budenovsk and Don breeds.
The Komsomol district organization had 1975 members of the Komsomol in 3300. Of these, specialists with higher education are 155 people; with incomplete higher - 45; 147 boys and girls were trained in technical schools. The task of transition to the universal secondary education of the youth has been practically accomplished. While in 1971, about 60, percent of 8’s graduates received secondary education, in 1975, this figure was 98,9 percent.
September 1 for school desks in schools in the district sat down 6942 pupil. For comparison: in 2014, the number of students is 2149 people.
An obelisk was erected in the village of Olshanka in honor of the 30 anniversary of the Victory over Nazi Germany.
1976 Passport Year
On average, 29,3 centners of grain were obtained from each hectare. The state sent 179 thousand tons of virgin bread, or 8 thousand tons more national economic plan; 3,6 thousand tons of vegetables sold under the plan 2,5 thousand tons.
Plans for the sale of eggs and wool to the state were fulfilled ahead of time. Made the national plan for the sale of milk.
The All-Union Conference of Machine Operators was held at the Moskovsky State Farm.
The workers of the “Russia” collective farm were handed over to the Red Banner of the Council of Ministers of the RSFSR and the All-Union Central Council of Trade Unions for their success in fulfilling commitments on the harvesting of livestock and other products.
In June, the second district meeting of mentors and labor dynasties took place. The delegate of the XXV Congress of the CPSU was the link of the integrated mechanized link of the Moscow State Farm Hero of Socialist Labor N.V. Bochkarev.
The district has begun the exchange of old passports for new ones. In the course of this campaign, all residents of the region received new passports (collective farmers had no passports before).
By the decision of the Executive Committee of the Rostov Regional Council of Workers' Deputies 29.07.1976, the village of Celina was classified as a working-class settlement.
The Tselinsky village council is transformed into the Tselinsky village council of deputies of workers.
In the district there are 1879 women awarded orders and medals to mothers of many children (the family with five or more children was considered large).
A new passenger bus station was commissioned. A new House of Culture has been opened. A decision was made to create a youth sports school, the Youth and Youth Sports School, which began operating in March 1 from 1977.
Grace 1977 year
This year is the 60 anniversary of the Great October Socialist Revolution, the year of adoption of the Constitution of the USSR. Collected by 22 centners of grain per hectare harvested. Plans to sell eggs, wool and vegetables to the state were fulfilled ahead of schedule. Compared to the previous year, meat sales increased by 8 percent, milk - by 4, eggs - by 23, wool - by 9 percent. 134 district workers were awarded orders and medals for their labor prowess in 1976, 36 workers were awarded with diplomas and medals of the Exhibition of Economic Achievements for success in agriculture.
The winner of the competition with the award of the title of "The best plowman of the Don-1976" was the mechanic of the collective farm named after Lenin N.I. Bragin.
In 1977, the year was put into operation: a two-storey high school in the “Yulovsky” stud farm, a secondary school for 464 pupils in the village of Lopanka.
Millionth 1978 year
Land area 212,8 thousand hectares, including farmland - 193,3 thousand, arable land - 172,8 thousand hectares.
On the basis of the collective farm named after the First of May, a specialized fruit farm “Red South” was created. On the territory of the region - 10 collective farms, two stud farms, one fruit and vegetable farm, two state farms, one experimental production farm that owned 540 trucks, sold 158 thousand tons of grain, over 8,7 thousand tons of meat, about 29,6 thousand tons of milk, 5,4 million a year eggs, over 400 tons of wool, 3,8 thousands of tons of vegetables, about 1,6 thousands of tons of fruits and many other agricultural products.
The farms had more than 3000 other sowing, tillage and harvesting machines.
In the area of 5 industrial enterprises, the average annual gross output of which was 16,8 million rubles. In 1978, the local industry worked steadily. Compared to the previous year, industrial output increased by more than 6 percent. The plan for the production of most important types of products has been overfulfilled. In the region there were: 68 clubs, 76 cinema installations, a music school, 37 libraries, the collection of which was over 386 000 copies; 9 hospitals on 380 beds, 24 obstetric centers, 36 doctors and 240 secondary medical workers worked; in 13 middle school, 5 of 8 years old, 16 students in 5792-t primary schools.
Space 1978 year
The area is fully electrified and radio. On the eve of the New Year, a new “Cookery” store opened in the village of Celina.
Pilot-cosmonaut of the USSR Hero of the Soviet Union V.A. Janibekov. In 1978, the Tselinsky fish farm was established. In 1982, he will change the name to Novator.
1979 year: Tselinka sent to Afgan
In the whole region, the national economic plan for the sale of eggs to the state by 125 percent, wool - by 104 percent. The number of livestock increased against the 1978 level of the year on 1620 heads, the number of ducks on 9000 heads increased. From the 14 farms, the national plan for the sale of meat to the state carried out 7 farms, milk - 5, eggs - 12. In general, in the district, the feed for the cow 1 remained at the level of the year 1978.
Fish farmers worked well. The first secretary of the regional party committee in the telegram noted the great contribution of fish farmers of the Gagarin collective farm to the fulfillment of socialist obligations to grow pond fish.
The first regional meeting of fruit growers and melon growers took place. Commissioned: hospital complex on 240 places in c. Celina; The new Palace of Culture in the Yulovsky stud farm.
In the village of Lopanka, a monument to fellow soldiers who died in World War II was opened.
In December 1979, the Afghan war began.
Tselinsky recruits began to fight as part of a limited contingent.
The ending should ...