Military Review

The Mystery of the Silver Coffin

39
It's amazing how different people attend IN: some seem to know and understand everything, others write that there was no Rome, that Tutankhamen’s coffin was a fake, that “Etruscans are Russians”, and so on. It seems to be no clinical cases, although who will understand them. However, this is probably even good, because unanimity, too, does not bode well for the country. From it, its culture is rotting, and after that society itself dies. Well, and someone just does not know something, because knowing everything, and even outside the scope of his specialty, is simply impossible, and it is not necessary, when Google is today.


But ... Google also has its limits. For example, when speaking about the pyramids of Egypt, the overwhelming majority of people have in mind only three “great” pyramids: Khufu / Cheops, Khafre / Khafre, and Menkaure / Mykerina. In fact, the pyramids in Egypt are in Giza, Saqqara, Dashur, Meidum, Abydos, Edfu, etc. - tens: both from a stone, and from a brick raw, in the best or worst degree of safety. How many pyramids in Egypt are all - this is one of the most frequently asked questions. And it can be answered in such a way that according to the calculations of one French archaeological expedition - 118, but Egyptian archaeologists number only a hundred. And again, for some reason, everyone is talking only about one of Tutankhamen’s gold-filled tombs, although there are already two of them (including those not robbed !!!) already ... two!

But since I am not an Egyptologist, I asked my colleague Oksana Milaevu, who was history Egypt has been practicing for a very long time. And that's what she wrote ...
Vyacheslav Shpakovsky



“The broken pyramid” to Snofru, Khufu’s father, is more mysterious, more mysterious, but ... for some reason, none of the pyramidomans and pyramidoidiots do not visit her.

So, first of all, the pyramids and they can be considered in great detail, if readers want this. They were built and the pharaohs of the Old Kingdom, and representatives of the dynasties of the Middle Kingdom (XII dynasty was the last dynasty pyramid builders). But such common diseases as pyramid-idiotism and pyramid addiction (they really exist, and this is not fiction!) For some reason relate to these three structures, but for some reason nobody has damaged the Pyramid of Snofra (Father of Cheops), although built two of them, and one is not at all like the others! And why no one knows so, that is, the secret seems to be right before your eyes. The last pyramid builder, Amenemhet III, following the example of Snofru, also erected two pyramids in Dakhshur and Haware, and despite the external unpresentability, the interior finish of the latter even today commands respect for the level of technical skill of the ancient Egyptians. And there are also such "pyramids", from which only the foundation remained and ... a pit in which a quartzite sarcophagus stands. Quartzite! And how was it made? But since the desert edge and the military base are near, no one goes to this “pyramid”, and Egyptologists do not even know about its existence!


Gold mask of Pharaoh Tutankhamen from gold of high sample weighs 10,5 kg.

Well, when they talk about the found burials of the pharaohs, then, first of all, remember who? Of course, Tutankhamen! Actually, he became the most popular ruler of ancient Egypt, although, according to the discoverer of the tomb of archaeologist Howard Carter, "the only remarkable event in his life was that he died and was buried ...". But after all, it is written about him in school textbooks as well, and the “yellow press” cannot do without it - secrets, mysticism, the “curse of the pharaohs”, the living legends. Doubts about the authenticity of artifacts from his tomb also become a constant topic for discussion - it is fake, it is not fake (although who and why would need to forge tons of gold of a completely defined chemical composition, that is ... melt the already existing ancient Egyptian gold products!).

But basically, when evaluating this luxury and wealth, we are guided by the idea of ​​values ​​from the point of view of modernity, which puts gold above silver. But was it the case in ancient Egypt? In a country that did not have its own silver deposits, unlike gold, the former was valued much higher, and its connection with the cults of lunar deities provided it with additional value. Indeed, Pharaoh would possess great wealth, in the tomb of which would have discovered silver treasures.

But who knows about the sarcophagus made from ... 90 kilograms of pure silver? To whom from the pharaohs did he belong and when did they find him?

XI century BC for ancient Egypt, this was a turmoil, a weakening of the central power, which in the conditions of irrigated agriculture predictably led to the destruction of a single economy. By the end of the 20th dynasty, Egypt had once again broken up into Upper and Lower Egypt, and the entire state apparatus was destroyed. In the south of the country, the high priest of Amon Herihor was seized by power, an event whose background is described in the wonderful Polish feature film “Pharaoh” based on the novel by Boleslav Prus, shot back in 1965, but in the north there was his own dynasty of Pharaohs with its capital in Per-Ramses ( Tanis - Greek., San El-Hagar).

The city of Per-Ramses is another legend of Egyptian archeology. Its exact location has not been established, but sources praise its magnificence, comparing it with the ancient capitals - Thebes and Memphis. It is known that Ramses II the Great specially transferred the capital to a new city, since it had a special strategic importance for the rapid transfer of military contingents to the East, to the Levant. Subsequently, due to the shallowing of the bed of the Nile, the city was moved (approximately 30 kilometers) along with the monuments to the town of Tanis, in connection with which he was identified with Per-Ramses for a long time.

Of course, how everything was there in reality, no one knows. Cinema is not a source. But the documents indicate the barbarization of the Egyptian administration, and the army at this time. A special role was played by the Libyan mercenaries, who formed the backbone of the Egyptian army, occupied key posts in the state.

Egypt did not conduct large-scale victorious wars at this time, which allows to draw an obvious conclusion that the Pharaohs hardly possessed incalculable wealth. There was no influx of gold from Asia, so at first glance the kings of the Tanis and Libyan dynasties were simply poor compared to the rulers of the Ancient, Middle and New kingdoms. Such a conclusion seems quite logical and reasonable ... but, nevertheless, this was far from the case!

The Mystery of the Silver Coffin

Golden Mask of Pharaoh Psunnes I

In 1929 - 51, in Tanis, as a result of investigations by the French archeologist Pierre Monte, the tombs of kings of the 21st and 22nd dynasties were found, which in their wealth and luxury can be put on a par with the treasures of Tutankhamen’s well-known tomb. Moreover, no one hid anything and does not hide! View the collection of finds from Tutankhamen’s tomb, exhibited in the hall of the Cairo Museum of Antiquities, go to the hall located next door, and there you will see the treasures of the pharaohs of the XXI Libyan dynasty. And what you see is not at all inferior in its magnificence and artistic value to its predecessors from the brilliant period of the New Kingdom. Here are just a collection of Tutankhamen traveled half the world, and gold and silver finds from Tanis can only be seen here. Where does such wealth come from in an era of general chaos and ruin? And why is so little known about it?

Because the tomb was found in the 1939 year, when war was raging in Europe. Therefore, the discovery of Pierre Monte and did not become a new high point of Egyptian archeology, and passed more than unnoticed. In February 1940, the army of fascist Germany stood on the threshold of France, and Monte left everything and went back to the family, and again came to Egypt a few years later.

When Monte was digging in Tanis, he dreamed of one thing: to find the capital of Pharaoh Ramses the Great - the city of Per Ramses. It is interesting that Monte began excavations where before him several large expeditions were already working. He began clearing the temples already freed from the sand, and ... found a burial chamber that belonged to Pharaoh Gornacht, the son of King Osorkon and the high priest of the god Amon. True, it managed to manage the robbers. And then they found the roof of another crypt, the plates of which were sealed with cement, which indicated that no one had been here after the burial. Egyptologist's dream came true - he found an untouched tomb with the cartouche of Pharaoh Psusennes. Surprisingly, although he ruled 46 for years, little was known about him. But in the burial chamber, archaeologists found a sarcophagus made of pure silver with a headboard in the shape of the head ... a huge falcon!

Around the sarcophagus there were vessels of bronze, granite, alabaster and clay, for some reason the royal name of the pharaoh Sheshonok was written on the gold chased mummy's coverlet! But how could Sheshkonk - Hekakheper-Ra be in the tomb of Psusennes when they were separated by at least 150-200 years?


Cartouche with the name of Pharaoh Psusennes I.

Under the veil, archaeologists discovered the magnificent death mask of Sheshonok, minted from solid gold leaf. This is the second death mask made of gold (the first, of course, is Tutankhamen’s mask), which reached our time and was found by tomb raiders! She is very canonical and repeats traditional elements of the Egyptian style: the face of a young man of years 23-28 with a necklace on his chest in the form of a golden kite. Below it was a massive chain of gold, consisting of pectoral (rectangular plates, which depicted religious scenes). The hands of the deceased Pharaoh were decorated with gold rings and bracelets, his feet were shod in gold sandals, even gold caps were put on his toes.


P. Monte with the silver sarcophagus of Psusennes I.

Already all this could give Monte world-wide fame, but still it was not the tomb of Psusennes, and he decided to try to crawl through a narrow passage with water flowing between the stone blocks ... And his perseverance was rewarded! It turned out that the grave of Psusennes was very close! The passage to it was covered by a fragment of an obelisk that once stood nearby and served as the building material for the architect of the 21st dynasty. And then Monte found both the burial chamber itself and the sarcophagus, around which there were vessels made of alabaster, porphyry, granite, and four more canopic dishes, plates and dishes of gold and silver, Ushebti figurines, and traces of robbers were missing!

All finds were sketched in place, and only then retrieved to the surface. On the sarcophagus of pink granite, an inscription was found that it used to belong to Pharaoh Merneptakh, the successor of Ramses II (XIX dynasty). But the cartouche of the former owner was carefully chipped, and instead of the old name, a new pharaoh, Psusennes I, was knocked out. So Psusennes was buried in a strange coffin, although very beautiful: he was covered outside with a sculpture of a full-length pharaoh, and at the headboard was a small kneeling figure the goddess Nuth, who hugged the head of the king with both hands.

The sarcophagus discovered 21 on February 1940 of the year, with King of Egypt Farouch, a great lover of archeology, present. It turned out that the body of Psusennes was located in three sarcophagi: the first was of pink granite, inside it was a sarcophagus of black granite, which contained a coffin of anthropomorphic form of pure silver - “the bones of the gods”, as this metal was called in Ancient Egypt. The weight of the sarcophagus was more than 90 kg. And I must say that this coffin was just an incredible luxury, next to which even the well-known treasures from Tutankhamun’s tomb are turning pale.

We have already mentioned that due to the rarity of silver in Egypt, it was valued more than gold. At the time of the pharaohs in Egypt mined to 40 tons of gold per year (interestingly, in Europe to extract so much gold were only in 1840 year). True, under Psusennes I, silver went down in price in Egypt, but work on silver was much more difficult than work with gold. The corresponding masters were also less, therefore the cost of their work was much higher.

The face of the dead king was covered with a golden burial mask made of gold plates, welded together and still fastened with the help of several coarse rivets. The thickness of gold in some places is only 0,1 millimeter, which indicates the high skill of the masters who made it. The mask, as it should be according to the canons of Egyptian art, conveys a feeling of general peace and solemnity and ... has nothing in common with the elderly Psusennes I who died about 80 years old!


Photo of the silver coffin of Psusennes I.

Interestingly, Psusennes wore the title of Pharaoh at the same time, and was the high priest of Amon. And this explains the nature of such wealth in the era of general economic and political decline in the country, not to mention the fact that the Pharaohs owned then only Lower Egypt. By the way, Psusennes himself was one of the four sons of the high priest of the temple in Karnak, Pinej, who sent him to Tanis, to the north, where he became pharaoh and united in his hands not only secular, but also spiritual power, and the corresponding wealth. Then Psusennes married his daughter not to marry anyone, but to his own brother, when he became the high priest in ancient Thebes.


Canopic for the insides of the pharaoh.

Therefore, it is not surprising that in the royal necropolis, for all its modest size, there were literally poods of gold, silver, products of these noble metals. There were genuine masterpieces of jewelry art: for example, wide necklaces decorated with pendants and pectoral of gold, and also inlaid with carnelian, lapis lazuli, green feldspar and jasper. Bowls made of silver and even amber in the form of flowers or with floral motifs, various vessels for ritual libations, statues of goddesses of gold were found. Lapis lazuli was especially found, and even more than it was found in Tutankhamun’s tomb, but this was one of the most expensive ornamental stones in Egypt, since it was brought from the territory of ... modern Afghanistan. The six necklaces of Psusennes consisted of gold beads or of small gold disks with pendants and again lapis lazuli. On one of them there is the following inscription: “Tsar Psusennes made a large necklace of real lapis lazuli, not a single king did anything of the kind.” That's how he boasted to others and ... well, he had every reason to!
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  1. Good cat
    Good cat 26 February 2016 06: 42 New
    +5
    Interestingly, just what is the secret?
    1. Chiropractor
      Chiropractor 26 February 2016 10: 37 New
      15
      Secret Number One - Why a Silver Sarcophagus? - because silver was valued more expensive ..
      Secret number two - why is it not known? - because there was a war, not up to PR ...
      Secret number three - why in the pyramid of one pharaoh are the remains of another? - and they decided to save money and threw new sarcophagi into the old pyramid ...

      This all clearly follows from the article.

      But!
      There are little things.
      The secret of the cyclical history - the empire lives, undergoes barbarization, is divided into 2 parts, and the part that lives longer with the new capital - Egyptian and Roman.
      The secret of spraying a thin layer of gold and solder - what? as?
      1. Sirocco
        Sirocco 26 February 2016 11: 17 New
        25
        Quote: Kostoprav
        The mystery of the cyclical history - the empire lives, undergoes barbarization,

        The fact that modern Egyptians have something to do with these works is equivalent to how a pig looks like a horse.
        Now I will explain why I think so.
        Why are the Egyptians today so fallen to yesterday?
        Yes, because Refugees with bl. East, and sowing. Africa has the same relation to Europe as a pig to a horse. And you believe that after a hundred years (4-5 generations) no one will remember the true white inhabitants of Europe, who are struggling with fat and in pursuit of a long ruble, they began to invite to a low salary (so as not to pay their workers a higher GP) Moors from the East and Africa.
        So what’s going to happen, these refugees will survive the indigenous people, but since they don’t want to work and will not, like learning and building the great, what Europe has now, they gently say, and on the remnants of the past civilizations (the Louvre, the Eiffel Tower, Big Ben and other palaces and chambers) will bang a lambada with tambourines, and scream that it was their civilization, and they were a great, powerful, educated people, who at one point for some reason forgot all sciences, writing, probably from dancing and racing with tambourines.
        So you're right, the cyclic rushing. I think that the Indians from South America have the same attitude to the Mayan pyramids, just like the Chinese to their pyramids, and everything else that historians tell us about. (In China, they find bundles of mummies, tall, fair-haired people. And silence.)
        So, as in thermodynamics, a hot mass replaces a cooled, relaxed mass.)))))
        1. Andkor1962
          Andkor1962 26 February 2016 14: 50 New
          +5
          I somehow did not think about it from this angle. But it’s true, almost everything converges. Civilization is growing fat and absorbed by others. I wonder how much time is given to the current geyropa?
        2. Sokolopv1974
          Sokolopv1974 26 February 2016 21: 50 New
          0
          Sirocco, bravo!
          Watch the video with the "scientist" Alexander Sokolov. Complete flight! wassat
          By the way, the pyramids are built all over the planet and number in the hundreds. In fact, they are a single global system for technical purposes. Not to be confused with pathetic copies of the primitive level. Many pyramids are built precisely on tectonic faults and are designed to stabilize plates. Presumably, the pyramids are multifunctional, and many of them now represent "the body of an airplane without wings, tail, interior decoration and instruments." There are also many pyramids in Russia. In Soviet times, they and similar objects were deliberately flooded and destroyed. The government lives on another planet, dear!
  2. guzik007
    guzik007 26 February 2016 06: 49 New
    22
    For me personally, although I have been interested in this topic all my life, these findings have become news! Great review!
    And the broken pyramid, as far as I know, is located on the territory of a military base, fenced with a thorn, although, as many researchers say, there is no need for it. Have you found something of interest to the warriors in it? Maybe this is a "warehouse" of real tools, with the help of which all these blocks, sarcophagi and monuments were made. After all, it has been proven by engineers that the sarcophagus in the Cheops pyramid, and not only, was made with precision precision, inaccessible even to modern machines. So it's not that simple.
    1. Army soldier2
      Army soldier2 26 February 2016 15: 09 New
      +3
      Great article! Thanks to the author!
      If there is no continuation, it will be a shame!
    2. The comment was deleted.
  3. inkass_98
    inkass_98 26 February 2016 07: 38 New
    +7
    We read the history of ancient Egypt for the entire semester, moreover, as part of the course of the history of the ancient East, so that there was little information, and we did not have Egyptologists at the faculty among the teachers. Although this area is very interesting and exciting, there was no one to really develop the topic.
  4. Romans
    Romans 26 February 2016 07: 44 New
    0
    Psusennes did not, by his deeds, have a tomb; he did not deserve it.
  5. parusnik
    parusnik 26 February 2016 07: 49 New
    +8
    Thanks, great review ...
  6. The comment was deleted.
  7. zoknyay82
    zoknyay82 26 February 2016 08: 28 New
    +5
    Thank! Very interesting article!
  8. cap
    cap 26 February 2016 08: 53 New
    +2
    Thank! Very interesting article!
  9. Korsar4
    Korsar4 26 February 2016 09: 06 New
    +2
    Carter's quote is good. However, the proverb also corresponds that a person is three times red.
  10. unknown
    unknown 26 February 2016 10: 16 New
    +9
    The problem with historians is that they are humanities. When representatives of the exact sciences begin to verify historical data and facts using the methods of their sciences, the historical building, the foundation of which was laid by the ASTROLOGIST and the NUMEROLOGIST, Scaliger, collapses.

    And on the issue of clinical cases, relevant.
    In psychology there is a term "RIGIDITY OF THINKING". It is the inability to change one's point of view, even though new facts emerge.

    The material aspect also matters: what to do with tons of scientific waste paper, scientists and honors, honor and respect?
    1. Bashibuzuk
      Bashibuzuk 26 February 2016 10: 31 New
      +1
      Now they will attack you.
      And they will explain that revisionism is good only in physics and mathematics.
      And in history - no, no ... no way.
      Because - it is IMPOSSIBLE. Taboo. Sacred cow and crystal skull.
      ..
      Moreover, the pyramids .... especially not only in Egypt. Moreover, even stepped.
      .
      And we are tuta ... you understand .... lyric physicists.
      .
      Not that such a craving for novelty and unusualness.
      But there is no need to primitive MAN either.
      Historians ..... or tantrums.
      1. Bashibuzuk
        Bashibuzuk 26 February 2016 11: 37 New
        0
        Specially looked in - to look.
        So what....
        Hee hee expected wassat
        In five minutes, wow ....
        1. a housewife
          a housewife 26 February 2016 12: 03 New
          +2
          Why so indiscriminately on humanities? For physicists and mathematicians - the same thing, but not so clearly for the uninitiated.
          1. Riv
            Riv 26 February 2016 15: 00 New
            0
            Mathematicians what are you guilty of? They have everything based on logic and nothing else. Here's an example: you have three apples. If I ask you one thing, how much will remain?
            1. AID.S
              AID.S 26 February 2016 21: 43 New
              0
              Quote: Riv
              Mathematicians what are you guilty of? They have everything based on logic and nothing else. Here's an example: you have three apples. If I ask you one thing, how much will remain?

              Not exactly four ...
            2. Villon
              Villon 27 February 2016 11: 52 New
              0
              Quote: Riv
              Mathematicians what are you guilty of? They have everything based on logic and nothing else. Here's an example: you have three apples. If I ask you one thing, how much will remain?

              In mathematics, there can be no doubt that mathematics is the same as logic and that classes in mathematics develop logical abilities. But this is not so. Logic is a separate science. And logical abilities are not mathematical abilities.
          2. Villon
            Villon 27 February 2016 11: 48 New
            -1
            Quote: housewife
            Why so indiscriminately on humanities? For physicists and mathematicians - the same thing, but not so clearly for the uninitiated.

            It is right. Physicists also have sacred cows. And they are punished for the attempt on them.
    2. Riv
      Riv 26 February 2016 14: 59 New
      0
      Scaliger still perverted over the already known dates. He adjusted them to his system, but could not change them within serious limits. After all, then the "system" itself would have collapsed. Numerology - numerology, but there are more than enough and quite unambiguous dating, for example, on monuments to which he simply did not have access. So you don't need to take all his fables seriously (this applies to any historian, by the way).
    3. kalibr
      26 February 2016 16: 00 New
      +2
      Why is it crumbling? Who tricked you like that? You want mathematics, do you understand it? Well, here's a source for you: 1066 year - Guillaume Bastard lands in England. Bayesian canvas is embroidered. We do not know exactly when it is embroidered. But on it there is an image of Halley's comet, and she flew this year and written sources confirm this. And the very existence of the canvas is known from the inventory of the cathedral in Bayeux of the 14 century. That is, cross-references are evident. And the exact dating is mathematically verifiable. And what does Scaliger have to do with it? No need to judge superficially about what you, excuse me, as the people say, do not fuck a damn thing!
    4. Glot
      Glot 26 February 2016 16: 17 New
      -1
      The problem with historians is that they are humanities. When representatives of the exact sciences begin to verify historical data and facts using the methods of their sciences, the historical building, the foundation of which was laid by the ASTROLOGIST and the NUMEROLOGIST, Scaliger, collapses.


      Hmmm, just for a moment laughing Scaliger was the son of a scientist, and himself a historian, philologist. He knew several languages, including ancient. He studied at the Sorbonne, taught at the Geneva Academy. For the 16-17th centuries, he had an excellent education and scientific work. And so on and so forth ...
      So that ...
      And plus, we got a lot of various dated artifacts confirming its chronology.
      So nothing collapses there. But all kinds of charlatans and ignoramuses on the contrary, nervously smoking on the sidelines. laughing

      And on the issue of clinical cases, relevant.
      In psychology there is a term "RIGIDITY OF THINKING". It is the inability to change one's point of view, even though new facts emerge.


      Is there a term in psychology that can be called groups of people who are easily amenable to stupidities and banal wiring?
      People who do not have enough education, or are naturally incapable of thinking logically, constantly fall into the traps of some "new messiahs", becoming adherents of all kinds of sects, teachings, and revelations.
      Is there a term for such? laughing
  11. Pomeranian
    Pomeranian 26 February 2016 10: 45 New
    +3
    An informative article, plus definitely. About the broken pyramid. Once I read an article on this topic. "Broken Pyramid" is an example of art of that time and that level of technology development. Made by masonry at the level of Tajik guest workers at a Moscow construction site from unbaked clay bricks. There are several such parodies of the pyramids in Giza in Egypt ...
  12. Glot
    Glot 26 February 2016 11: 20 New
    +4
    Thanks for the article Oksana. It was very interesting!
  13. Amurets
    Amurets 26 February 2016 12: 13 New
    +5
    The article has one drawback. It would be necessary for the article to be published at the beginning of the school year. Now he showed his grandson and he said that the article would be very useful when they studied Ancient Egypt at the beginning of the school year, as additional material. And the rest is informative, interesting and new. Thank you and definitely the highest rating.
    1. kalibr
      26 February 2016 12: 51 New
      0
      What are they studying now? Maybe it will be possible to make material to help him in the future? At least one good concrete case!
      1. Korsar4
        Korsar4 26 February 2016 13: 45 New
        0
        I recently talked about my Olympic Games. And the Attic salt was remembered.

        So, obviously, Ancient Greece. Following - according to the logic of events - Rome.
        1. Amurets
          Amurets 26 February 2016 14: 38 New
          0
          Quote: Korsar4

          So, obviously, Ancient Greece. Following - according to the logic of events - Rome.

          Now looked at his history textbook. Next Ancient Rome.
        2. kalibr
          26 February 2016 16: 02 New
          +3
          Will you be about the rebellion of Spartacus! Warn your son ... I am sitting writing ...
          1. Korsar4
            Korsar4 26 February 2016 22: 37 New
            0
            Warned.
  14. Miner
    Miner 26 February 2016 12: 55 New
    +1
    I apologize colleagues, but some kind of "left" article :(

    What did the author want to say?

    Why such aggression at the beginning of the article? For what? Unclear...
    And here are the pyramidiots?

    Why should the author so sharply assert that no one knows anything about the southern pyramid in Dashur, that is, the "broken" pyramid of Sneferu? Why is this categorical? :(


    Reading the categorical statement: "But was this the case in Ancient Egypt? In a country that did not have its own deposits of silver, unlike gold, the former was valued much higher, and the connection with the cults of lunar deities provided it with additional value" and I want to exclaim - come on! Are you serious?

    And what lunar deities of Egypt are known to the author? God Ra (the god of the Sun) is known to everyone, since school. And what such a categorical author knows about the moon deities?

    In general - nonsense :( More precisely - delusional beginning.
    Against the background of which grains of valuable article material, they practically disappeared.

    And in vain ...
    1. Andkor1962
      Andkor1962 26 February 2016 14: 57 New
      0
      And you look and look in YouTube. There is only about Giza. A clear minus to the comment. For me, this article was a small revelation!
      1. Amurets
        Amurets 26 February 2016 15: 13 New
        +1
        Quote: Andkor1962
        And you look and look in YouTube. There is only about Giza. A clear minus to the comment. For me, this article was a small revelation!

        This is for nothing. Google or use "Yandex search" and you will find a lot of pyramids of ancient Egypt. And probably a lot depends on the browser and the search engine. At least I immediately found the Djoser burial complex, and here is the link for you http://thepyramids.org/ articles_saqqara_userkaf_02_01.html Pyramids of Ancient Egypt.
    2. Amurets
      Amurets 26 February 2016 15: 01 New
      0
      Quote: Miner
      Against the background of which grains of valuable article material, they practically disappeared.

      And in vain ...

      Can you clarify your idea? Because how to ask you this question, I looked at the whip up encyclopedias and honestly, I got confused in the gods of Ancient Egypt.
      1. kalibr
        26 February 2016 16: 05 New
        +2
        The author is now working on very interesting material about ... the battle of the Egyptian gods! It will be ready soon!
    3. kalibr
      26 February 2016 16: 04 New
      +2
      About lunar deities, if you are interested, you can read ... my article on the website Pravda.ru. I also understand this a little ...
  15. Mestny
    Mestny 26 February 2016 13: 09 New
    +8
    Quote: guzik007
    After all, it was proved by engineers that the sarcophagus in the pyramid of Cheops, and not only, was made with precision precision, inaccessible even to modern machines. So it’s not so simple.

    Let us even assume that they could make it with the required precision. Moreover, various "practical archaeologists" are tirelessly proving this to us with foam at the mouth by imitating various ancient (well, as archaeologists told them) technologies. And they get something there - either the stone is moved with the help of g .. n and sticks, then a hole is drilled anywhere.
    The main question is - if they, these ancient primitive civilizations, did all this with such accuracy and perfection, then why? Well, imagine living in some kind of huts, walking in loincloths - and at the same time they are building giant structures with high accuracy.
    Where does such a gap come from? All in the name of religion? But do not consider the ancient idiots. For religion, the level of technology has always been used slightly above average at that time. That is, if everyone lived in wooden huts, then they built wooden temples, well, in a pinch, stone, but rather simple, crooked. rudely. If they lived in huts, then they put a wooden idol with a hint of face, but not a polished granite obelisk ten meters long.
    And of course, for observing the sun during the solstice, there is no need to turn stones in tens of tons - there are much more rational ways to solve the problem.
    Such considerations give rise to distrust of official historians. and as a consequence, alternative theories arise, most of which, of course, are really wild quackery or crazy nonsense. But on the other hand, this nonsense provides an excellent opportunity for the figures of official science to cut their money by selling their works to various citizens.
    1. Bashibuzuk
      Bashibuzuk 26 February 2016 13: 25 New
      +3
      Good comment.
      But here, it seems to me, the overriding goal of historians is to show themselves (but not to forget) and to hammer in carnations again, they say, ordinary people should be guided.
      Priests, kings, kings, Pe-r-O ... in short - there must be draft power.
      .
      No matter how reliable it all looks.
      It is important that the students confirm, and then the students the students.
      Slenderness will be created. In places, even integrity.
      .
      But physicists, well-oo-oo-o-o-o-oo .... first they took abandoned phlogiston, ether, pudding theory in the structure of the atom
      Therefore, they have the Higgs bosons incorrect. Curves, in a word.
      This is not a story for you ... your mother.
      And ours.
    2. Amurets
      Amurets 26 February 2016 16: 10 New
      +3
      Quote: Mestny
      Such considerations give rise to distrust of official historians. and as a consequence, alternative theories arise, most of which, of course, are really wild quackery or crazy nonsense. But on the other hand, this nonsense provides an excellent opportunity for the figures of official science to cut their money by selling their works to various citizens.

      You are right in something. The legendary damask steel turned out to be bad steel and I’m not joking and not being ironic. I don’t want to look for material to confirm, although here’s a quick glance: Gurevich "Riddles of Damask Pattern" later, M. Beckert: "Iron. Facts. Legends "There are also books about metals. So here is the secret of Bulat in forging and hardening, steel itself is an alloy of slag, cast iron and iron. Slag from an ingot of Bulat was squeezed out by forging, therefore, it was necessary to forge long and skillfully, distributing cast iron in the mass of soft iron and squeezing out the slag, and Damascus steel can be considered the first composite in the world of metals, since the blanks of Damascus products were forged from three types of steel. Therefore, history, as a science, for me is purely descriptive. And a lot more of the technology and technologies of the past have been forgotten by us or have not come down to us. Even if we take "Modern History", I mean time, and not the subject of science, then during the years of the revolution, the Civil War, the Kronstadt uprising, the Russian industry received a severe blow Hundreds of thousands of highly skilled workers died in the war, starved to death, left for the villages, and it's a shame to say, but many production secrets and technologies have been lost. This is for you the history of technology, because the general development of mankind is inextricably linked with the development of technology and technology.
    3. Cap.Morgan
      Cap.Morgan 26 February 2016 19: 03 New
      0
      The explanation is simple. They were not built, someone else.
      But to admit it means to go against well-deserved authorities and established views.
  16. but still
    but still 26 February 2016 16: 01 New
    +3
    It was very interesting to read. Thank.
  17. Warrior2015
    Warrior2015 5 March 2016 21: 15 New
    0
    Dear Vyacheslav, it would be nice if you give thanks and comments to the author!
    The article is wonderful, the level of education is immediately felt!

    that the tomb was found in 1939, when war broke out in Europe.
    Only BEFORE THE WAR BEGINS. Actually, this is to the question that it is not necessary to open the tombs, especially on which spells have been cast. Scientists can hoarsely prove that there is no mystical beginning - but the Soviet anthropologists opened the tomb of Tamerlane on 20 on June 1941 ... and local elders on their knees begged to not do this ...

    Around the sarcophagus there were vessels of bronze, granite, alabaster and clay, for some reason the royal name of the pharaoh Sheshonok was written on the gold chased mummy's coverlet! But how could Sheshkonk - Hekakheper-Ra be in the tomb of Psusennes when they were separated by at least 150-200 years?

    I am by no means a Fomenkovets, but this is another point to the question of the reliability of the Egyptian chronology as a whole.

    We have already mentioned that due to the rarity of silver in Egypt, it was valued more than gold. During the time of the pharaohs in Egypt, up to 40 tons of gold were mined per year (it is interesting that in Europe only so much gold was mined in the 1840 year).

    One paragraph but so many controversial facts! The level of production can be argued, this time. Secondly, that silver was valued more than gold, these are two.

    Quote: Sirocco
    (In China, they find bundles of mummies, tall, fair-haired people. And silence.)
    Actually, this information is publicly available. These are not any Chinese, but ancient Indo-Europeans who only went "in the wrong direction" - for example, related to the Celts (even the characteristic checkered patterns on the fabrics in the "ice tombs" have been preserved).

    Quote: guzik007
    And the broken pyramid, as I know, is located on the territory of the military base, is fenced with a thorn, although, according to many researchers, this is not necessary.

    Actually, for reference, there are several "broken pyramids" in Egypt ...

    Quote: Romani
    Psusennes did not, by his deeds, have a tomb; he did not deserve it.
    That is yes. only Tutankhamun still did not deserve such luxury. He was so insignificant pharaoh that his tomb was simply forgotten. But the luxury of the rite from this has not changed.

    Quote: Mestny
    The main question is - if they, these ancient primitive civilizations, did all this with such accuracy and perfection, then why? Well, imagine living in some kind of huts, walking in loincloths - and at the same time they are building giant structures with high accuracy.

    The answer is simple - NOT THEY BUILT IT. If scientists attack me, then I will say - I myself also adhere to the traditional school, if that. But where scientifically justified. For the buildings of the Ancient Kingdom of Ancient Egypt, this is ABSOLUTELY UNJUSTIFIED. FOUND ARTFACTS ARE STRONGLY CONTRADICTED IN AN OFFICIAL HISTORICAL PICTURE. I will say more (not particularly spreading), part of the finds of the 20 century and even from the Pitri expedition clearly say that many pyramids were built before the era of the Ancient Kingdom.
  18. t7310
    t7310 8 March 2016 21: 46 New
    0
    the topic is interesting and here it’s not disclosed
    http://vk.com/video27353698_171850273