Military Review

Modern camouflage: the principles of creation, species, prospects. 2 part

71



Modern camouflage: the principles of creation, species, prospects

Part of 2. Camouflage Anglo-Saxon Nations


Modern camouflage USA and Canada


History mass introduction of camouflage in the US Armed Forces began, unlike the USSR, not during the years of WWII, but during the Vietnam War.

Before the Vietnam War, camouflage was used only by the United States Marine Corps (which is considered a separate branch of the military), and then not in droves. It was a camouflage developed during WWII, similar in texture to modern Australian camouflage (see below). The main part of the US Armed Forces in the Korean War and the beginning of the Vietnam War wore a field uniform of olive color.

During the fighting in the jungles of Vietnam, it turned out that the plain form does not provide a sufficient level of disguise for soldiers. The first to try to solve this problem were servicemen of special units - they bought at their own expense camouflage Tiger Stripe of Philippine production (which the Filipinos themselves created on the basis of the French Lizard, taking into account local specifics).


Fig. 1. Philippine Commercial Camouflage Tiger Stripes

Officially, this camouflage on the supply in the US Armed Forces was not, it is exclusively commercial camouflage, used by the military in their own initiative.

However, the problem remained, and the Americans were forced to develop their own camouflage. The first truly massive American camouflage was Woodland.

Woodland

This camouflage was originally designed for action in the jungle, but then the principle of variability in the color gamut was applied to it, and it became universal. For a long time, it was the main camouflage of the US Armed Forces and was actively exported. Its production was mastered in a huge number of countries that produced both its original version and adapted versions. Even in Russia, there is an adapted version of Woodland, called the “Forest”, although it does not consist in supply anywhere, but was actively used in the 1990-s.


Fig. 2. Woodland most common coloring options

At the moment, Woodland has already been withdrawn from supplies in the US Armed Forces (remained only in the National Guard), but its widest distribution in the 1980 has contributed to the fact that at the moment Woodland is considered the most used camouflage in the world.

Officially consists of supply in a huge number of countries, especially in Latin America. With some minor changes there exists as the main camouflage in Spain and Syria.

Cadpat

Actually, this is not American, but Canadian camouflage, but it is classified as “USA”, because it became the ancestor of almost the entire line of second-generation American camouflage.

For a long time, the Canadian army, like the American, wore an olive uniform, and only at the beginning of the 1990-s thought about their own camouflage. They created what is called "Kadpat" - from the words "Canada" and "Pattern" (in this case - "colors").


Fig. 3. Cadpath

The simulation function is implemented in Kadpat at a very high level. Canadians have developed this camouflage, taking into account the Canadian landscape conditions - the predominance of mixed and coniferous forests - which is why its color range, being “narrowly sharpened”, is ideal for Canada. As for the implementation of the deforming function, the Canadians used the experience ... The USSR, and, by analogy with the GLC, they made not spots of smoothly rounded forms, but used a lot of small square elements. The fact is that square elements, despite the lack of correspondences in living nature, work very well “in motion” - better than elements of smooth forms. As a result, of course, they did not sit on two chairs (Kadpat does not reach the GLC for the deforming function — the spots are not enough), but at least they tried.

After the adoption of a new camouflage by the Canadian army, the Americans decided to keep up. The first to think about changing camouflage, as usual, were the USMC (marines), because, in fact, they fight more often and they are more needed. Realizing that Canadians have good camouflage, but it would be strange if Americans wear non-US equipment, the American Marines created their own camouflage, taking Kadpat as a base. The result was Marpat.

Marpat

On the offer of Canadians not to spend money on developing a bicycle, but simply to buy either Canadian kit or uniform Kadpat patent, the Americans responded: “You have camouflage narrowly for Canada, but we need a more universal one”, and developed Marpat.

Modern camouflage: the principles of creation, species, prospects. 2 part

Fig. 4. Marpat

In principle, Marpat is indeed more versatile than Kadpat. In the sense that for him, Marpat, it is equally difficult to find landscape conditions in any TVD, in which the simulation function will be implemented on 100%.

However, in the new colors, USMC fighters looked cooler than military personnel from other branches of the army in Woodland, which made the rest of the Pentagon feel insulted. It was decided to transfer all US forces to a new form, for which development of a new pattern was ordered.

ACUpat (Acupat)

By the way, the Americans at the same time transferred ground troops to a new uniform - instead of wearing a BDU worn from Vietnam, they invented a rather good looking ACU. There was a question about how to color this ACU. The Canadians ’next offer was rejected, the Marines were told“ you’re still in your BDU, ”and the development of a new color pattern was started.

When developing the Acupata, the Americans proceeded from the following circumstances:

1. The main theater of operations one way or another in the near future is the Near and Middle East.
2. Try now find a non-urban area - everywhere solid buildings.
3. The battlefield is always dust and smoke.
4. The Wehrmacht had the beautiful color of the Feldgrau of the personal development of Hugo Boss.
5. Black is not found in nature (this is the REAL statement of the creators of Akupata).

As a result, it turned out that Americans quite seriously consider it a universal coloring. Well, in any case, then considered. In any case, members of the commission who approved the acceptance of Acupata.


Fig. 5. Akupat

I must say that in the urbanized area in the Middle East, in conditions of smoke and dust, Akupat works oh so good.


Fig. 6. Akupat in natural habitat

But in the European forest ...


Fig. 7. Akupat is unnatural for him, but natural for European theaters

In general, we do not understand something in universality, apparently.

Multicam

The US military, however, also did not understand something about the universality of Akupat. The fact is that they had to act in Iraq and Afghanistan not only in a desert and at the same urbanized area, as suggested by the developers of Akupat, but also (most often) against the background of something green. Apparently, the Americans (acceptors of Akupat) did not realize that the main hostilities are conducted in densely populated areas, and the desert itself becomes the theater of operations much less often. And in densely populated areas, green still prevails. And Iraq is mostly a steppe, not a desert. And in Afghanistan, green enough, too. In short, the US military expressed a friendly "phi" to Acupat a very short time after it was accepted for supply. But the servicemen are bonded people, but PMCs are not so much. It was with ChVKshnikov that the “nafig your Akupat” movement began. Chvkshniki quickly remembered camouflage, developed simultaneously with Akupat, but with much better versatility, - Multikame.


Fig. 8. Cartoons

Multicam is interesting in several things. First, it uses as many 6 colors and up to 10 transition colors of these colors, and these transition colors are formed by the “diffusion” of color spots. Secondly, the Multikam is not one, but THREE background colors, and they are rather dull, and their spots are blurred. Non-background colors, however, have spots with pronounced boundaries, and as a result, these spots are perceived as being at a different distance than background ones (due to the fact that the eye perceives clearer objects as being in focus, and less clear ones as being out of focus which, in turn, leads to the illusion of a difference in the distance to these objects), which creates the illusion of empty space (in range) between them. This illusion of empty space performs a deforming function somewhat more effectively than large breaking spots, which, in combination with a dull background of natural shades (performing an imitation function), eventually creates one of the most effective camouflage of modern times.


Fig. 9. Multicam on the ground

Cartoons turned out to be so effective, and for almost any type of terrain, that at present it is second only to Woodland in prevalence. Cartoons are worn by security forces in virtually all countries. In Russia, for example, it is preferred by FSB special forces. In Ukraine, everyone who has enough money for him and common sense not to wear Flektarn is wearing him (more on that later). In England, on the basis of it, developed your cartoons. And only in the USA he ... officially is not a member of the supply, although half of the armed forces switched to him on his own initiative.

A-Tacs (A-Taks)

In those legendary times, when the Americans took on the supply form ACU, they announced a competition for the best camouflage. The result is known - Akupat, but initially the future (not created at the time) camouflage was called “Scorpion”, and even Nostradamus did not know what it would look like (however, the developers of Acupata, who “put it” on time) knew where to. Accordingly, the development of a new camouflage was named “Theme Scorpio”. It turned out that the topic of a long-playing one was already dressed in ACU, and Acupat was officially adopted, and Cartoons became the most common in the world, and the development of the Scorpion is still ongoing.
In addition to Akupat and Multikam, a few more camouflage claim the title of "Scorpion", one of which is A-Taks.


Fig. 10. A-Taks

A-Taks appeared a bit later than Akupat and Multikam, but within the framework of the same “Theme of Scorpio”. The developers of A-Dachshund proceeded from the same principles as the developers of Multicam, however, they took into account two facts:

1. Cartoons are only in one color, which may not like the customer (who learned the word "versatility" and burned on Akupate).
2. Old zasirarannaya KZSka sample 1957. on the deforming function is much steeper than the multi-billion-consumed-to-its-development of Acupata sample 2011 g.

Crossing the Multikas (with its 3D effect) with KZSka, and later washing the resulting product for greater blurring of the background spots, American developers received A-Taks. The soldier in A-Taksa looks like a blur in the background of horizontal burdock-shaped leaves, so both functions are implemented there with a bang.


Fig. 11. A-Taks in burdocks. Imitation and deforming action implemented at a very high level.

A-Tux exists in several colors reflecting different types of landscape (forest, desert, city).

Nowadays, Americans are scratching the skull in thought as to whether they should replace Akupat with A-Taks as officially accepted for supply. Two circumstances prevent the adoption of a decision on this: first, the hope that someone from the developers will still guess to lobby their interests at least in the same amount as the developer of Acupata; and secondly, the presence in nature of even more interesting camouflage - the Cryptek.

Kryptek (Cryptek)

A soldier in a multi-car looks like a dirty gray-brown indistinct spot at an incomprehensible distance. A soldier in A-Taksa looks like something indistinct on the edge of peripheral vision in burdocks. The soldier in Akupat looks like a soldier of the US Army, whose silhouette is clearly visible on most landscape backgrounds; In addition, the light gray color is an ideal background for the aiming marker (“crosshairs” in common). But the terrible and terrible Russians have a terrible and terrible “Raster”.

These considerations guided a group of enthusiasts, consisting of American veterans of the database in Iraq and Afghanistan, who decided to gash their own camouflage, and, perhaps, put it on the nominee for the Scorpion.

Continuing the tradition of the creators of A-Dachshund - the intersection of existing camouflage, the developers of Cryptek crossed the American Cartoons with the Russian Rast, bringing out an international hybrid. From Multicam, it has a background blur that makes it difficult to accurately determine the distance and creates an “empty space” effect; from Raster, a twisted mesh, and it is twisted in all three directions (as in Raster), which also creates the 3d effect. Also, the developers of Kriptek decided that camouflage should be not only effective, but also spectacular, and they made the net not in a dull brown color, like NPO “Special Materials”, but in the form of reptile scales. It turned out really cool.


Fig. 12. Cryptek in all its diversity

Like the developers of A-Dachshund, the Kryptek people did not bother with excessive versatility, but simply developed 6 colors: forest (Mandrake), steppe-desert (Nomad), demi-mountain (Highlander), city (Urban), winter (Yeti) and night (Typhoon).
Interestingly, the Cryptek members initially stated that their camouflage was primarily not intended for law enforcement agencies, but for hunters; however, they changed their minds.


Fig. 13. Mountain variant Kriptek on the ground

Since Cryptek is probably the most effective camo camouflage today (the most spectacular is for sure), imitations and analogs have already appeared. In particular, the Chinese made their own version of Kriptek (it is believed that they simply did not want to buy the Cryptec license, but they wanted to start production), but the Chinese version turned out to be somewhat worse - the background blur is not so pronounced, and the grid has smaller cells and occupies a larger area compared to the original.

At present, the Pentagon, like the Buridan donkey, is torn between Multicam, A-Taks and Kriptek in search of the optimal replacement for Akupatu.

Modern camouflage UK


After WWII, like the Americans, the British army wore a uniform-olive uniform, but even during the WWII, their special forces (SAS and parachute parachutes) wore separate camouflage elements of uniforms. That camouflage was a type of camouflage known as DPM.

DPM (DPM)

When designing camouflage, the British proceeded from the common sense that the battlefield was not exactly the same landscape as it was on this field before the battle. Elements of the landscape, you know, have a certain aesthetic impact of burning gases, fragments, shock waves, flying bullets and shells, and other human activities and its products.

With these features, PDM was developed. However, it turned out that the PDM shows quite good results with a virgin in relation to the impact of the OBD area.


Fig. 14. PDM

PDM stands for Disruptive Pattern Material. There are also urban and desert variants of PDM.

The first truly massive army, rather than narrowly sharpened special forces, variants of the Democratic Party were taken to supply the British Armed Forces in 1966 year. Since then, the PDM has changed its color gamut (or rather, shades) several times with a constant texture. Each new version of the PDM was assigned a digital index for the year of acceptance for supply - there are PDM-66, PDM-68, etc. The latest version of PDM was developed in 1995.

PDM proved to be quite effective for its time (it was believed that it is far superior to Woodland), so it became quite widespread not only in England and the countries of the British Commonwealth, but throughout the world (although not as wide as Woodland). There are a significant number of DPM clones; in Russia, an analogue of PDM is produced under the name “Smog” or “Doll”.


Fig. 15. PDM of Russian production ("Smog") on the ground

Currently, the PDM is being withdrawn from supplies in the UK Armed Forces, but remains in Ireland and a number of military units in the Netherlands.

MTP (MTP)

The history of the creation of the MTP, which replaced the PDM, is very simple.
The British really wanted cartoons, but wearing their younger brother's clothes was somehow not in English. The developers from Albion scratched their turnips and crossed the cartoons with the local PDM, and the result was called the Multi-Terrain pattern. In fact, do not call Cartoons with “middle background” elongated a la DPM spots “Multicam”.


Fig. 16. MTP Find 10 differences from Multikam - and get a prize from the Ministry of Defense of the United Kingdom

Currently, the ICC officially consists of the supply of the UK Armed Forces. In this, the British dashed off the Americans, who had not yet officially accepted the Cartoons.

Pencott (Pencott)

Pencott camouflage was developed by Hyde Definition in 2009. The history of creation is similar to the history of the creation of the Kriptek - in fact, camouflage was created by enthusiasts, and not by a special defense research institute.
Pencott is a "hybrid" camouflage, combining the positive side of a smooth-spotted and pixel color. There are no black elements in this camouflage. The imitation function is realized by the color and size of the spots, the deforming - by the pattern with 3D imitation and grouping of the spots.


Fig. 17. Pencott

In the figure of this camouflage one can see the strong effect of the German schemes of the times of WWII, even visually Pencott reminds the Russian "Partizan", which is absolutely created on the German experience.

Like most modern camouflage, Pencott exists in several color variations.


Fig. 18. Pencott Color Options

On the supply of nowhere is, is a commercial camouflage.

Modern Australia camouflage


Australian troops typically participate in hostilities by various international contingents, where the United States plays a dominant role. On its territory, the Australians fought only against kangaroos, Aborigines and infested with poisonous spiders. Nevertheless, the history of the creation of the Australian camouflage has a somewhat strange logic in view of the above.

Auscam (Auskam)


Fig. 19. It's not American 1940's American camouflage, it's Auskam.

Australians took American camouflage worn by USMC during the WWII years. Then they flew around Australia in a helicopter, photographing the landscape to identify the dominant colors. And then, retaining the old American pattern, they put on the identified colors. Considering that the Australian army never fought on its territory, a somewhat strange logic. What happened, it is officially on the supply.

The next (final) part of our material will be devoted to camouflage in the rest of the world.
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  1. Volga Cossack
    Volga Cossack 24 February 2016 07: 06
    10
    Explanatory cycle ......... Thank you !!!! I'm here for personal use- hunting- I love our birch-border and PDM English.
    1. PKK
      PKK 24 February 2016 17: 22
      +3
      I would love to buy a notebook with these articles and drawings, so that I would be in my pocket for a while until I mastered the basics. I have Kadpat, I think to stop on it.
  2. Doctor Evil
    Doctor Evil 24 February 2016 07: 22
    11
    I read both articles with pleasure. Thanks to the author for his work. I wonder if there will be a sequel? For interested I will give a link, it may come in handy to someone. http://camoinfo.ru
  3. Lanista
    24 February 2016 07: 37
    20
    Continuation will be (one more part).
    1. RUSS
      RUSS 24 February 2016 09: 34
      +3
      Quote: Lanista
      Continuation will be (one more part).

      We are waiting!
  4. The comment was deleted.
  5. otto meer
    otto meer 24 February 2016 09: 01
    0
    I don’t know, I like wildwood (wild forest?). Not even how much the wildwood itself is, but the M65 (it seems so) American jackets. Very convenient, practical and reliable, our army pea jackets with kamki were not standing nearby.
  6. Des10
    Des10 24 February 2016 09: 41
    +7
    Thank you for the "lively language" of the article - informative, pleasant and in a good mood.
    The question is - how do camouflage elements - for example, "pixels" - affect the digital video signal processing?
    1. dokusib
      dokusib 24 February 2016 10: 35
      +1
      And how should they influence?
  7. itr
    itr 24 February 2016 10: 26
    +3
    Interesting article ! I have a current one question in my opinion reasonable)))) why winter clothes of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation green ????? what cannot be done as afghan color?
    1. Lanista
      24 February 2016 14: 33
      +8
      Quote: itr
      what is the winter clothing of the RF Armed Forces green ?????

      Elementary, as Holmes used to say.
      Because it is this fabric that is produced for this garment. The same fabric goes on both summer and winter uniforms.
      The logic of the Ministry of Defense is as follows: "Such unification is cheaper, but in the field, if necessary, they will put on a camouflage coat."
      1. otto meer
        otto meer 24 February 2016 14: 52
        +4
        But why
        Quote: Lanista
        camouflage suit
        then? Already cuts the ear! Not right like that. The suit is camouflage - because the suit is a jacket and pants. A dressing gown is a long-sex clothing, wraparound or fastening from top to bottom. What is used in our army (nominally KM-3) is still a suit. hi
  8. Bongo
    Bongo 24 February 2016 10: 38
    12
    The article is very interesting, I read it with pleasure "+"
    On my own I would like to add that there is no universal camouflage and it is impossible to equip a soldier of a linear unit with a camouflage for all occasions. For those who act in "free search" - in this respect it is much easier. In my opinion, the optimal camouflage type "goblin" (pictured) is independently modified for specific hunting or combat conditions, but the degree of "shaggy" may vary depending on the task being performed.
    1. igordok
      igordok 24 February 2016 12: 12
      11
      Quote: Bongo
      I would like to add on my own that universal camouflage does not exist and it is impossible to equip a fighter of a linear unit with camouflage for all occasions.

      The Germans had an interesting option: a double-sided jacket. White side for winter, reverse side for camouflage or olive for summer.
      1. bionik
        bionik 24 February 2016 14: 52
        +3
        Quote: igordok

        The Germans had an interesting option: a double-sided jacket. White side for winter, reverse side for camouflage or olive for summer.

        There were still pants, a cap comforter, and mittens to the jacket.
    2. Lanista
      24 February 2016 14: 41
      +5
      The optimal, in my opinion, is a self-developed camouflage of the "goblin" type for the specific conditions of hunting or warfare.

      It would be the best option, if not for two "buts".
      The first "but". Goblin and similar things are not a uniform, but a cape. It is worn on top of all equipment, otherwise there will be no use from it. But at the same time, the infantryman carries on himself a bunch of equipment, to which he needs constant access, and the "goblin" put on can be a hindrance in this case.
      Second "but". Goblin is incredibly good at camouflaging in both functions, but, unfortunately, in most cases, it is very narrowly sharpened for the terrain. The fighter in the "goblin" needs to look for a position where his suit will work optimally, and this is not always possible. In fact, this is feasible only in the case of sniper groups, but not mass motorized riflemen, who constantly change their position in mobile combat.
      1. Bongo
        Bongo 24 February 2016 14: 53
        +5
        Quote: Lanista
        It would be the best option, if not for two "buts".
        The first "but". Goblin and similar things are not a uniform, but a cape. It is worn on top of all equipment, otherwise there will be no use from it. But at the same time, the infantryman carries on himself a bunch of equipment, to which he needs constant access, and the "goblin" put on can be a hindrance in this case.
        Second "but". Goblin is incredibly good at camouflaging in both functions, but, unfortunately, in most cases, it is very narrowly sharpened for the terrain. The fighter in the "goblin" needs to look for a position where his suit will work optimally, and this is not always possible.

        Quote: Bongo
        For those who act in "free search" - in this respect it is much easier.


        Quote: Bongo
        In my opinion, the optimal camouflage type "goblin" (pictured) is independently modified for specific hunting or combat conditions, but the degree of "shaggy" may vary depending on the task.


        In my comment, it seems to me that this is exactly what is being said. I am a user of self-made "goblin" for more than 15 years. I assure you, with a creative approach, if you are not lazy, you can always find a suitable option and a place for an ambush.
        1. saygon66
          saygon66 24 February 2016 19: 20
          +5
          - Camouflage DEPSOC360 ... Designed for snipers ...
          1. saygon66
            saygon66 24 February 2016 19: 41
            +1
            -The picture itself looks like this:
  9. Siberia 9444
    Siberia 9444 24 February 2016 11: 07
    +2
    Usually, all camouflage for the natural environment and for winter it’s understandable. But which camouflage is suitable for urban fights ???? Series of articles ++++!
    1. Max_Bauder
      Max_Bauder 24 February 2016 11: 27
      +5
      Quote: Siberia 9444
      But which camouflage is suitable for urban fights ????


      stone ash smile
    2. saygon66
      saygon66 24 February 2016 18: 41
      +1
      - See the development of CROPS, the British ...
      1. saygon66
        saygon66 24 February 2016 19: 09
        +3
        Here's a thing:
  10. Doctor Evil
    Doctor Evil 24 February 2016 11: 42
    +7
    For the fights in the city, the bourgeoisie has another A-TACS LE - Law Enforcement.
  11. Massik
    Massik 24 February 2016 14: 22
    17
    Whatever camouflage you have, it never hurts to find a place dirtier and how to fall out in it smile
  12. Dimon19661
    Dimon19661 24 February 2016 15: 34
    +2
    Interesting and informative. I look forward to continuing. Thank you for the article +
  13. The comment was deleted.
  14. epsilon571
    epsilon571 24 February 2016 15: 48
    +4
    Good article, entertaining. smile Yes, the technologies of the future are just around the corner, and they must be frankly simply amazing. I would also like to contribute my "five kopecks" on this topic. Look, real cloaks of invisibility are coming soon. video
    1. Lanista
      24 February 2016 16: 11
      +6
      Optical camouflage is a dream ...
      So far, it exists only in operating time and stands as a uniform for a whole battalion.
  15. marshes
    marshes 24 February 2016 16: 09
    +6
    I brought such a lump from the states.
    True, I cut off all the tags out of habit, but it seems that it was sewn in Colombia, in the USA the "bad guys" are participating in the exercises.
    The fabric is dense, small squares, the body will weave in the tropics. On the elbows and knees, it’s great done. On the pants there is a do-it-up or how, who judo and karate-do, will understand. May geri geogue to the head without problems. laughing
    He doesn’t hide anything in my region, because in the mountains it’s not bad where the green is. And if you hunt, then an orange vest or an orange Bazhenov jacket is not bad. smile
    He also brought a cartoon, but presented it to his elder bro.
    1. Vladimirets
      Vladimirets 24 February 2016 16: 25
      +3
      Quote: marshes
      Dense fabric, squares

      Rip stop called.
      1. marshes
        marshes 24 February 2016 16: 32
        +2
        Quote: Vladimirets
        Rip stop called.

        It’s supposedly that it wouldn’t tear further, and with injuries, tissue particles didn’t fall into the wound, I heard something like that.
        1. Vladimirets
          Vladimirets 24 February 2016 16: 47
          +2
          Quote: marshes
          It’s like that would not break further

          This is for general fabric hardening.
          Quote: marshes
          Yes, when injured, particles of tissue didn’t get into the wound,

          Hardly.
          1. marshes
            marshes 24 February 2016 17: 11
            +2
            Quote: Vladimirets
            Hardly.

            Well, scraps of thread or pieces of cloth, dirty, can also get into the wound canal with bullets or splinters. Even earlier, it was not in vain that before the battle in Russia, a clean shirt was worn.
            So for hunting, if there is always game hair in the wound with Saiga or SKS, the smoothbore is messy. That the meat was stored longer and carried as far as 300 km is not a fact that I will go right away. I cut these places and scald them with boiling water so that the blood curled up and then the dogs will then slaughter cattle.
            I had a shepherd dog, Thunderstorm, it was already cunning. I clamped the duck somewhere gently, tore the skin and licked off the blood and fat and did not kill it, the geese are loud and can fight back, the hens are smart and I thought about rats or ferrets until the cameras installed. smile
            1. Vladimirets
              Vladimirets 24 February 2016 17: 18
              +4
              Quote: marshes
              Well, scraps of thread or pieces of cloth, dirty, can also get into the wound canal with bullets or splinters. Even earlier, it was not in vain that before the battle in Russia, a clean shirt was worn.

              It `s naturally. Only at least a rip-stop, at least an ordinary HB, a bullet in any case will cut a piece.
              Quote: marshes
              What would the meat be stored longer and carry as much as 300 km, it is not a fact that I will go right away

              I cut out all sorts of hematomas, other rubbish and, if it’s not really hot, nothing happens to the meat, especially if you let it air a little, to a thin film. The only thing is that meat cannot be carried in bulk in cellophane, it is better in a box or bathtub.
              1. marshes
                marshes 24 February 2016 17: 27
                +2
                Quote: Vladimirets
                I cut out all sorts of hematomas, other rubbish and, if not really hot

                Well, it happens back in September that I can get something, but sometimes we have it under 30.
                So it was weathering, then the Chinese freezers brought uncle, then I freeze, a thermo box and bottles of frozen water.
                By the way, if I go fishing in the heat, I "freeze" the worms, they don't leave.
                I forgot the name, there is a Chinese odor lotion, mix small bubbles like under penicillin with dough. Carp, Carps and crucians go ... unmatched. You probably sell the same thing, there’s something at the amino acid level.
                1. Vladimirets
                  Vladimirets 24 February 2016 17: 44
                  +1
                  Quote: marshes
                  and we sometimes have under 30.

                  Well, we have "meat" hunts when it's not hot.
                  Quote: marshes
                  You probably sell the same thing, there is something at the amino acid level.

                  Xs, I only catch spinning water in open water, sometimes I’ll sit on a catfish.
            2. PKK
              PKK 24 February 2016 17: 36
              0
              It is advisable to fill in a serious wound with a mixture of novocaine with brilliant green, having previously been anesthetized. Blind and through wounds are poured with the same mixture using a syringe. This is my last development. What is your opinion? What are + and - sy?
              1. Vladimirets
                Vladimirets 24 February 2016 17: 46
                +1
                Quote: PKK
                a mixture of novocaine with zelenka, previously anesthetized.

                And what is the joke of novocaine, if you are still "anesthetized"?
              2. marshes
                marshes 24 February 2016 17: 54
                +1
                Quote: PKK
                It is advisable to fill a serious wound with a mixture of novocaine with brilliant green

                Which one?
                Quote: PKK
                .This is my last development. What is your opinion? What are + and - sy?

                Damn you scary Aibolit. laughing
                There is such a hemostatic powder, I don’t remember the name anymore. I came across it when, from the year 96, relatives from Germany started to drive cars, so they had a lot of this garbage in first-aid kits, not counting the huge and high-quality dressing material.
                1. saygon66
                  saygon66 24 February 2016 22: 07
                  +2
                  - "Cellox", probably ... The strongest adsorbent! Use with extreme caution - it can cause something like a burn, falling on the surface of the wound ... Inhalation is highly discouraged!
  16. PKK
    PKK 24 February 2016 17: 32
    +3
    Quote: Bongo

    On my own I would like to add that there is no universal camouflage and it is impossible to equip a soldier of a linear unit with a camouflage for all occasions. For those who act in "free search" - in this respect it is much easier. In my opinion, the optimal camouflage type "goblin" (pictured) is independently modified for specific hunting or combat conditions, but the degree of "shaggy" may vary depending on the task being performed.

    It is not necessary to forget that "goblin" are shot by enemy snipers in the first place. Well, they do not like brothers.
    1. Bongo
      Bongo 24 February 2016 17: 51
      +7
      Quote: PKK
      It is not necessary to forget that "goblin" are shot by enemy snipers in the first place. Well, they do not like brothers.

      No need to fuss and make rash movements. While you are motionless, you are practically invisible in a well-made "goblin". This rule is equally true for both the sniper and the hunter. I had cases when a golden eagle sat down at 1.5 m, a mink ran next to my face (it didn't bite off its nose well) and a roe deer came out 5 meters away.
      1. Vladimirets
        Vladimirets 24 February 2016 18: 07
        +4
        Quote: Bongo
        so for the hunter.

        I use "Kikimor" for hunting goose. There are some disadvantages: it is inconvenient to shoot in different directions, you get confused (after all, the sniper looks, as a rule, in one direction) and in damp weather you get bored of drying, and a raw "kikimora" is something by weight. smile
        1. Bongo
          Bongo 24 February 2016 18: 16
          +5
          Quote: Vladimirets
          I use "Kikimor" for hunting goose. There are some disadvantages: it is inconvenient to shoot in different directions, you get confused (after all, the sniper looks, as a rule, in one direction) and in damp weather you get bored of drying, and a raw "kikimora" is something by weight.


          I agree, but there is always a way out. Modern synthetic fabrics absorb water very little. I sew "goblin" myself, a fluffy synthetic rope, scraps of the same fabric and pre-washed cut women's tights of the corresponding color go to the "rags".
          1. marshes
            marshes 24 February 2016 18: 29
            +3
            Quote: Bongo
            I sew "goblin" myself, a fluffy synthetic rope, scraps of the same fabric and pre-washed cut women's tights of the corresponding color go to the "rags".

            And what do you sew, knit as a base?
            In my case, the brighter the safer, it is necessary to notify all neighbors before leaving. There used to be a livestock breeding team, and there was no plus to get to the city d ... bills.
            I already told how I saw some hunters on an all-terrain vehicle on KAMAZ, there weren't any AKM there when I came to get them for water. zero and what, you can take a machine gun.
            1. Bongo
              Bongo 25 February 2016 02: 29
              +5
              Quote: marshes
              And what do you sew, knit as a base?

              I went through a lot of fabrics, as a basis for the goblin "autumn-spring" I settled on the thinnest tarpaulin like that from which summer tents used to be sewn. It doesn't get so wet, it is strong enough and breathable. Regarding the "shaggy" - two options. A soft and thin burlap goes well. But it gets wet, I usually combine it from fluffed ropes, as a rule, they then have to be tinted from a spray can directly on the wood. As I already said in the autumn-spring version, thin nylon tights cut into strips go well.
              Quote: Andrew Peter
              Sorry, but how to change the degree of shaggy

              Easy is the second option, albeit more troublesome. Instead of "rags", rubber loops are sewn onto the base and, depending on specific conditions, bunches of grass can be tied there. It usually takes about 20-30 minutes and this option is certainly not for long walks.
  17. cyberhanter
    cyberhanter 24 February 2016 17: 37
    +2
    I do not agree with the author.
    So the first thing - Speaking about Marpat we must not forget about Marpat desert - for desert areas, but even the usual one copes well with the conditions of our Russian taiga (better than many Russian colleagues, including our current "figure"), I dare say as an airsoft player.
    The second:
    The siloviki are worn to cartoons literally in all countries. In the Russian Federation, for example, it is preferred by the FSB special forces.
    .. in staged photographs - yes. In practice, most often not. I like the cartoon, but let's face it.
    Third: Talking about Atacs - it shows its green version of ATCAS - FG, the usual ATCAS was created under the same conditions as ACU - the city, and it is dusty yellow.
    1. Lanista
      24 February 2016 17: 53
      +3
      I like the cartoon, but let's face it.

      Let's. Name something of the third generation (with a blurry background and a clear foreground) that would be more common than a Multicam.

      Talking about Atacs - it shows its green version of ATCAS - FG, the usual ATCAS was created under the same conditions as ACU - the city, and it is dusty yellow.

      Colleague, there is no "A-Tax at all". Rather, A-Tax in general is a drawing that can be painted in different colors (like any other camouflage). What you describe as a "regular A-Tax" is A-Tacs AU.
    2. PSih2097
      PSih2097 24 February 2016 23: 35
      +2
      Quote: cyberhanter
      Talking about Atacs - it shows its green version of ATCAS - FG, the usual ATCAS was created under the same conditions as ACU - the city, and it is dusty yellow.

      A-TACS AU and FG


      A-TACS iX Camo



      1. saygon66
        saygon66 25 February 2016 00: 27
        +1
        - A-TAX was mixed with ABU (a uniform designed for the US Air Force), which in turn is a cross between UCP and "Tiger stripes": (Airman Batlle Uniform pattern)
  18. PKK
    PKK 24 February 2016 17: 43
    0
    Quote: marshes

    I forgot the name, there is a Chinese odor lotion, mix small bubbles like under penicillin with dough. Carp, Carps and crucians go ... unmatched. You probably sell the same thing, there’s something at the amino acid level.

    In childhood, they did not know anything Chinese, they just dripped cologne into the dough. The fish pecked so much that they got exhausted by dinner. Yes, and now sometimes it happens.
    1. marshes
      marshes 24 February 2016 17: 58
      0
      Quote: PKK
      In childhood, they did not know anything Chinese, they just dripped cologne into the dough. The fish pecked so much that they got exhausted by dinner. Yes, and now sometimes it happens.

      I used to be valerian or anise drops. But the 90s went with one druggist, Kapchegaysky vdhr. Careers in three hours, 6 carp in an average of 10 kg. He did not give me complementary foods, real pharmacist, assistant professor.
  19. Vikxnumx
    Vikxnumx 24 February 2016 17: 45
    +2
    Thanks to the author!
    An interesting review. We look forward to continuing.
  20. Andrey Peter
    Andrey Peter 24 February 2016 18: 54
    +2
    Quote: Bongo
    but the degree of "shaggy" may vary depending on the task performed

    Sorry, but how to change the degree of shaggy hi
  21. saygon66
    saygon66 24 February 2016 19: 07
    +2
    - Forgive me, dear author!
    - ACU developers have also tested interesting developments of the Brookwood and US4ces camouflage family ...
    - The Dutch are switching from DPM to NFP ...
    1. saygon66
      saygon66 24 February 2016 19: 29
      +1
      - Brookwood Family:
      1. saygon66
        saygon66 24 February 2016 19: 37
        +2
        - Family US4ces:
        1. Lanista
          24 February 2016 19: 47
          +2
          Thanks for the addition!
          1. saygon66
            saygon66 24 February 2016 19: 58
            +2
            - I'm always glad ... I hope I didn't break your plans! But there is such a "sore" - camouflage ...
    2. saygon66
      saygon66 24 February 2016 20: 56
      +1
      - Ancestor of the British MTP - PEACOC:
      - Thought of as universal ...
  22. marshes
    marshes 24 February 2016 19: 10
    +2
    I'll add, a panama hat or a hat in the form of a "cowboy hat". Especially for countries with hot climates. It was fun to watch the comrades whose ear tips were burnt and had been bitten by mosquitoes and various nasties before. So a panama hat is a thing or a cap , the Uzbeks have seen, there is a fabric covering the back of the head and ears.
    I tied on a cap, a bandana, "it was supposed to." The bandana is not bad as a neckerchief. It's time to introduce it officially. You can also use it as a tourniquet.
  23. marshes
    marshes 24 February 2016 19: 22
    0
    So I will add, the Israeli comrades are not visible, there is interest. Here, in some units, according to the news, I saw something like a "beret" on helmets, like a pancake, I forgot, a demo ... hides the outline of a helmet or a figure.
    Just wanted to ask, well, how are the results.
    1. Lanista
      24 February 2016 20: 04
      +4
      According to the Israelis. They basically do not use spotted camouflage, only plain olives or khaki. This is done in order to clearly distinguish between their own from the enemy, because Arabs / Palestinians love camouflage and use. The only exception is the Israeli army special forces, but I do not know exactly what camouflage they wear.
      As for the beret - yes, there is one. Russian-speaking soldiers of the IDF call it "fungus", its main function is deforming, in addition, it covers the neck and face from the sun.
      1. marshes
        marshes 24 February 2016 20: 08
        0
        Quote: Lanista
        - deforming, in addition, he covers his neck and face from the sun.

        Ugh, about this I wanted to say, deformation.
        Yes, this garbage is their special name. wears.
        I heard that they refused American helmets, they remind ...
        And so on a note ... smile
        1. marshes
          marshes 24 February 2016 20: 17
          0
          And so in the city, I know from myself, and the vision is still th ... The human eye misses, a light gray-graphite color. Plus signs of "deformation" of a city lump.
          Now the streets of my city are patrolled by the National Guard. There is something like this before the holidays, weekends, etc. ... So you can see them in gray-blue-blue for the quarter, even though these trips .. they’ve been taught how to stand at the crossroads, looking at each other facing further, those who noticed in graphite figs noticed that the human eye misses this color, does not notice.
          And about black for specialists ... but this laughing
  24. marshes
    marshes 24 February 2016 19: 38
    0
    I'm still nostalgic, my father in the 80s brought a maskhalat from across the river, it's like an overalls, a "silver leaf" or something. Mom quickly "divided" it. On Zarnitsa in the Pioneer camp, he dressed it, plus a panama. how he could get into a fire, he called him a brother all season. A little later, this is after the 90s, such a mesh a little darker mask, separate, was Cool, that also came in handy in everyday life. smile
  25. bad
    bad 24 February 2016 22: 01
    +3
    Quote: Marssik
    Whatever camouflage you have, it never hurts to find a place dirtier and how to fall out in it smile
    ..heh good better not say .. hi
  26. artgrad
    artgrad 26 February 2016 01: 06
    +1
    A-dachshund cool! Now I know what I have for camouflage)
  27. pooop
    pooop 27 February 2016 15: 01
    +1
    I would like to read about snipers, how things are going with this, and the article cycle is very good!
  28. voyaka uh
    voyaka uh 29 February 2016 19: 04
    +3
    Articles are cool (entire series).
    In my opinion, the IDF really lacks camouflage. Green form "not
    there is a gut "on the sand, near houses. I felt very uncomfortable,
    when he lay in a green muzzle down on a sandy almost white road, but for us
    shot some kind of pride ... rock.
    Cartoons would be very suitable for us.
  29. Retribution1488
    Retribution1488 14 November 2016 05: 42
    0
    The author of the article acted very ugly when he began to use dirty tricks. His one-sidedness, interest, lack of objectivity and generally incorrect approach is somewhat alarming and raises the question of the purpose of writing an article not as information content, but for the purpose of propaganda. Boy, if you want to "shit" "am" for some ideological or material-gesheft reasons, then do it reasonably, without emotion, calmly, without distorting, not inventing, not just fantasizing. You did not act like a man, but you can get away with it. you are on "ru" (in quotation marks because it is still from which side to see what to call Russian) and even about the Kremlin / Russian resource and here such things are taken for granted and with a bang. Moreover, the site itself was made for this, it does not have the task of informing readers, in any case, this is not a priority and information is presented only as an addition, and that is not always, as we see, not biased. But you must have a report in front of you, before your conscience. How can you calmly consider yourself a man?
    In the first part of the article, where the Russian (not to be confused with the Russians) military abandoned the Soviet-Russian (not to be confused with the Russian) camouflage, you wrote "did not get widespread" or "did not have success" and already when it came to the "ah" or you want to convince us of this that they are "hateful" to you (otherwise Lavrov's daughter does not know the same about the "anti-Western" nature of the folder, living 98% of her life in the "hated" omerica and by its laws and learning from her) You can treat The United States and Russia (not to be confused with Russia) but presenting material in such a biased tone without arguments is not masculine.
    The first to think about changing camouflage, as usual, was the USMC (Marines) ... Realizing that Canadians have good camouflage

    You want to convince us that that the average Marine Ebony from Brooklyn can map to show Canada and outline those psycho-visual methods and properties of the figure used in camouflage and say, "I thought," And to say it's just you, nobody will know except you.
    And they are for you. the marines said that "the Canadians have good camouflage" - that's not just better masks it deforms or visualizes, but it's stupidly "better" and it is in these categories that "s" think (the Ministry of War with thousands of specialists and salaries not like in the Russian Federation and the level of education is not " Storetkin style or Vasilyeva party) how do you want to convince us?
    but it’s somehow strange if the Americans wear non-American engineering,

    And that your favorite (or you just want to convince us of this) advice / Russia (and its self-name is not even Russia) did not do that? Have you not adopted the experience of other countries and made your own? How low ...
    “Your camouflage is narrowly tailored for Canada, but we need a more versatile one”

    However, in the new colors, the USMC fighters looked cooler ... why the rest of the Pentagon was offended

    Is that how it was? These are the stooltkins and Vasilyev's geniuses of military thought in the Russian Federation, and there are only fools who think in terms of "cool" and "offended" There, billions are spinning, thousands of specialists, the best army in the world where Muslims do not put Americans on a barracks, unlike the Russian army. There, every thing undergoes more testing and scientific analysis than baby food in Voronezh, even according to GOST.

    Well, yes "Omerikanskie" experts there are only fools. Only you forgot to mention that the entire elite of the Russian Federation travels to learn from these fools, sending their children to the "Harvards"; ask Lavrov's daughter, the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation. She will answer you what kind of education, or do you think Lavrov is a fool? Or do you hold us for fools and want to convince us of "confrontation" and "cold war" ?! :)
    Proof of the phrase in general or liar.
    the marines were told "and you go on in your BDU"

    How long will you sound someone else's mouth in your own way? Did the Pentagon tell you this personally? You read it somewhere, where did you steal it from? Did you invent it again?)) And they all believe, only I was the only one who paid attention))) That's what the power of TV does, right on "Kiselyov"
    When developing the Acupata, the Americans proceeded from the following circumstances:

    1. The main theater of operations one way or another in the near future is the Near and Middle East.
    2. Try now find a non-urban area - everywhere solid buildings.
    3. The battlefield is always dust and smoke.
    4. The Wehrmacht had the beautiful color of the Feldgrau of the personal development of Hugo Boss.
    5. Black is not found in nature (this is the REAL statement of the creators of Akupata).

    Which of these can you get evidence for? No, well, 4 out of 5 points of evidence sound more surprising than me, and even I wouldn’t have paid attention
    The Wehrmacht had a beautiful color "Feldgrau" personal design by Hugo Boss.
    and ha and we must believe that the Ministry of Defense of the country that simply went to fight against fascism (as the common people call the common people a ruminant man in the street National Socialism) proceeded from this reason, incl. It's funny! :)) This already smacks of not an article with a request for seriousness, but a wild circus of propaganda of "opposition" Kiselev style. They will soon force whites to be smeared with shoe polish so as not to offend the feelings of blacks, in principle that they are pursuing the same policy in the Russian Federation, the same processes, not without the help of the Almighty, and then "We liked the SS uniform"))) I believe the boy! I believe! Write! Young Kiseleff!
    .


    Proof of this phrase that they said it that way or you’re a liar (to say the least) Or do you want to convince us that the stealing furniture maker and the head of the Ministry of Emergencies (but loyal) have seven spans in the forehead?
    main hostilities (usa / iraq) are conducted in densely populated areas

    All boy, that's enough, you're just joking. The Desert Storm was 97% in the desert, or what you call "steppe" does not matter what kind of "densely populated"
  30. Retribution1488
    Retribution1488 14 November 2016 05: 42
    0
    Comment 2 part
    and the desert itself becomes much less common

    Do not write more about any theater of operations (although I learned this abbreviation) enough, this is real madness begins. I would advise you to read about the war in Iraq, but I feel you will see a "fig" there, or you may simply not notice a "fig" for you to get profit and you just don't need it.
    And in densely populated areas the green color still prevails

    Oh, you yoshki! What nonsense :)) People! Type the word Iraq Cities and behold all the abundance of "green"))))
    But servicemen are bonded people

    You can't say that about a slave army, right?)) Servants)) Yes, they don't build dachas for generals, real free people! They die like flies, shoot themselves, run away, shoot at each other, eat figs knows what, thump, put Russians on a bottle, beat off their kidneys, make them disabled and drive herds to Donbass, so that later they were not there and who is there in transitions with stumps scratching we xs do not know how it was with the Afghans. Chechens and indeed any wars of the Republic of Ingushetia of the USSR RF.
    And only in the USA he ... is not officially on supply

    ok ... counted. But that’s not all ... now we hold the air in our lungs, get ready!
    In the Russian Federation, for example, it is preferred by the FSB special forces

    Oops! Not a birch! And the "sky" cartoons and already the FSB! Here he is patriotic at the state level, that's where they think about camouflage for their elite!
    (however, the developers of Akupat knew, "brought" where necessary in time)

    Oh yeah! Vasilyeva never brought anywhere. And here I ... I ... I ... and I will take and say that "s" gave a bribe to Petagon! And do not care that there is no reason, well, you have to throw some poop according to the precepts of Kisel in the damned ovs. Well, the launch of US satellites by Russia, the NATO base in Ulyanovsk and the stuffing of Russian military satellites from the US electronics are Vovochka's "multi-pass". They stuffed bugs in there and equipment will fail in due time, but we know about it and that means we are ready and will meet fully armed, and we ourselves will "listen" to the bugs in general, a cunning multi-pass plan. We are launching NATO military satellites on Russian carrier rockets not for money or on orders (as with Syria's bombing) from Washington, but in connection with the "cunning plan" of the Cold War. A big Russian bump from the RF Ministry of Defense was opened on examination of the "warrior", declared on camera (with sincere eyes) that he would work on an American GPS (made by the Pentagon). Yes, you can say that he was supposedly mistaken. Well then, it means he, but judging by your style of article, "us" Stouretkins (fools) do not happen, but only smart military ministers. Compared to the stupid "ami" they are simply military geniuses.
    In general, I've had enough. I did not read further, because violence against common sense, I registered just for the sake of commentary, very much infuriated the attitude towards the reader as a naive child. Satya is not professional. Take your Tsar and go to Lavrov's daughter with the "Abramovichs", the managers are 11 rubles.


    zs The United States may not be a gift, but if "Satan says that the wolf is bad, then in this light the wolf seems to me somehow prettier than it was before, even in something cute"