Military Review

“Turkey is trying to exploit the temporary weakness of post-occupation Iraq”

33



At the end of last week, the Russian delegation returned from Iraq, where it flew to the meeting of the intergovernmental commission. What topics were raised at the talks with the Iraqi authorities, whether Russia's air force operation in Iraq is possible, and why Moscow is ready to help Baghdad, the special correspondent of Kommersant, told the co-chairman of the commission, Deputy Prime Minister DMITRY ROGOZIN.

- In Baghdad, the first in eight years, a full-fledged meeting of the Russian-Iraqi intergovernmental commission was held. Why so much time waiting?

- Eight years is a very big break for two countries that used to have very deep political and economic relations. But we must understand that all these years were very difficult for Iraq. And Russia, apparently, was not ready to develop economic relations with this country, given the low level of security that was provided here to Russian specialists. But now it is time to change this state of affairs. A very high-level delegation arrived in Iraq - about a hundred people interested in developing joint projects. This is simply unprecedented.

- It is obvious that the agenda of the meeting of the commission included economic issues. How can you now cooperate with a country entirely dependent on energy prices?

- It's no secret that the Iraqi budget is replenished by 95% from oil revenues. Now the price of black gold has fallen, and the Iraqi leadership is looking for other opportunities to earn money. Russia also has an interesting situation: due to the devaluation of the ruble and exchange rate differences, we are simply obliged to rely on the export of high-tech products. In this difficult situation, it turned out that we had something to offer Iraq: from equipping Iraqi aviation lines by Russian planes, which now cost almost three times cheaper than their competitors from the United States and Europe, to projects in agriculture. Iraqi land is fertile, they just need a reliable partner who would help solve the issues of land reclamation, product logistics, etc.

- Were there any conversations about issuing loans to Iraq?

- No, we did not discuss this: during the negotiations we made it clear that it is difficult for us in terms of the economy too.

- What about energy projects?

- Here we have common points of contact. Two large Russian companies are operating in Iraq - LUKOIL and Gazprom Neft. Of course, it is not without problems associated with the repayment of Iraqi debt in relation to LUKOIL and the provision of the necessary margin for Gazprom Neft: it turned out to be at a field where there are technical problems. These questions were in the field of view of our negotiators in the line of the Ministry of Energy, and as a result, the parties came to the outcomes that suit everyone.

- You talked about the safety of Russian specialists working in Iraq. What does not suit?

- Till now, private security companies of western countries and South America actively work there. Some of them are directly affiliated with such odious companies as BlackWaters. Of course, this fact does not please us. Why do we have to pay British or American special forces veterans who, with their own hands a few years ago, turned the country into nothing? It is necessary that our Russian people could work there, who can be trusted not only to protect the facilities, but also their lives.

- How did the negotiations on military-technical cooperation?

- All the latest achievements of the Iraqi army are directly related to the supply of weapons and military equipment from Russia to it. President Vladimir Putin extended a helping hand to Iraq at the most difficult moment, instructing them to supply and transport equipment at an accelerated pace. This applies primarily to ground attack aircraft and ground forces vehicles. Due to this, the “Islamic State” was rejected from the positions it took for more than one month. As soon as this happened, a problem immediately arose with the Turkish contingent, who illegally broke into Iraqi territory.

- What is the reaction of the Iraqi leadership to what is happening?


- At all negotiations - with representatives of the Kurdish, Sunni, Shiite communities - we were given to understand that Iraq considers the appearance of Turkish soldiers in the number of at least 1,5 thousand people in the north of the country as an invasion, a manifestation of aggression. There were no excuses for the Turks for this, as well as no reason to be there now. NATO countries, led by the United States, are trying to somehow justify them, excuse them. But in Baghdad, this presence is perceived extremely painful. In fact, Turkey is trying to exploit the temporary weakness of post-occupation Iraq, trying to expand its zones of influence through militaristic means. Under the guise of fighting terrorism, they intend to conduct combat operations with representatives of the Kurdistan Workers' Party, but already in Iraq. We, however, were thanked by the Iraqi authorities for the support provided on all lines, including for Russia's position in the UN Security Council on this issue.

- Did you talk about the situation in Syria?


“We gave them satellite images of Roscosmos taken with the Canopus Earth Remote Sensing Apparatus: the whole of Syria, individual objects like Damascus and Aleppo, as well as pictures of their country. This provoked a conversation about the fate of the Syrian land. Iraq is very worried that as a result of the successful actions of the Russian aviation in the sky and the Syrian government troops on the ground, the militants will be squeezed into the territory of their country. In this regard, Iraq makes a big bet on strengthening the role of the coordination center in Baghdad.

- They did not ask Russia to launch a military air operation in Iraq?

- Operations by our forces in Iraq are not envisaged, this was not even talked about. They just want no one to stop them from fighting: we help them, help weaponsthat was emphasized several times by Foreign Minister Ibrahim al-Jafari. They are categorically opposed to the appearance of any military contingents, whether they are Turks in the north of the country or someone else ... They are especially annoyed when troops are introduced under the pretext of escorting humanitarian convoys. They from this phrase alone begins to shake. In addition, the leadership of Iraq is concerned about very tough propaganda against Russia in the Arab world: the alleged attacks of our aircraft in Syria lead to civilian casualties. My colleagues reiterated the thesis that all strikes are inflicted only by precision-guided weapons and at verified targets.

- What other global problems have they talked about yet?

- Talked about many, but most of all they are concerned about the split in the line of Iran and Saudi Arabia. Iraq offered its services to resolve the conflict, but, as they believe, this initiative was not understood by any of the parties.

- What surprised you on the trip?

- The US Embassy, ​​where thousands of people are sitting behind high walls, is practically two divisions that prefer not to move around the city in cars, but use helicopters for this. This is the largest embassy in the region. And when we are told that American troops left Iraq, this is not at all the case. They did not leave, but simply moved to the embassy.

- Waiting for a return visit?


- Without a doubt, our colleagues will also fly to Moscow. But before that, a parliamentary delegation will have to fly to Baghdad, they would very much like to meet with the Russian deputies.
Author:
Originator:
http://www.kommersant.ru/doc/2916758
33 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must to register.

I have an account? Sign in

  1. Masks
    Masks 16 February 2016 21: 20
    0
    Was there any talk about granting loans to Iraq?

    - No, we did not discuss this: during the negotiations we made it clear that it is difficult for us in terms of the economy too.

    They will probably give it again .. Although if not "in cash", then one might think (so that the deposit was ..) I think Syria will prompt!
    1. Baikonur
      Baikonur 16 February 2016 21: 24
      +2
      Quote: Rogozin
      Turkey is trying to exploit the temporary weakness of post-occupational Iraq
      Iraq - NOT POSITIVE! He's even NOT occupied, (cropped, cropped, cropped (ECHO))!
      HE is the embassy of the USA !!! The people do not count!
      And Turkey is the United States flea (the embassy of the United States (and above - the shadow of the Anglo-Saxons, really!)
      => the use of some by others - MOUSE HURRY !!! ("to divert eyes", "Dust in the eyes", "eyewash", "Confuse", etc.! Everything is going according to plan !!!
      1. Baikonur
        Baikonur 16 February 2016 21: 46
        +1
        ANGLO.SAKSO.IZ.MASO.MIRO Government (whose vassals are "vassals" with us) is stupidly moving towards its goal!
        1. cap
          cap 17 February 2016 02: 41
          0
          imperialismForewarned is forearmed.
          Quote: Baikonur
          ANGLO.SAKSO.IZ.MASO.MIRO Government (whose vassals are "vassals" with us) is stupidly moving towards its goal!
        2. CTEPX
          CTEPX 17 February 2016 05: 23
          0
          Quote: Baikonur
          . The world government (whose vassals are "vassal") is stupidly moving towards its goal!

          And what to do?))
    2. Izotovp
      Izotovp 16 February 2016 21: 28
      0
      Most likely there will be a commodity loan, I think so.
    3. Denis Obukhov
      Denis Obukhov 16 February 2016 21: 34
      +6
      Why should we pay British or American special forces veterans who, a few years ago, turned the country into nothing with their own hands? It is necessary that our Russian people could work there, who can be trusted not only with the protection of objects, but also with their lives.
      .
      And on the basis of rotation, to conduct trainings of special forces units of the RF Armed Forces in conditions as close as possible to the places of possible future military operations.
      As the saying goes - hard to learn, easy in battle.
      1. Michael67
        Michael67 16 February 2016 21: 40
        +1
        There will be long-term arms supply contracts. And there are a lot of contracts in all areas: Fleet, aviation, armored vehicles, air defense.
      2. Izotovp
        Izotovp 16 February 2016 21: 41
        0
        Cadets to practice? )))
      3. Ami du peuple
        Ami du peuple 16 February 2016 22: 03
        +1
        Quote: Denis Obukhov
        And on the basis of rotation, to conduct trainings of special forces units of the RF Armed Forces in conditions as close as possible to the places of possible future military operations.
        As the saying goes - hard to learn, easy in battle.

        Quote: Izotovp
        Cadets to practice? )))

        All this, of course, is wonderful - and your proposals will undoubtedly be taken into account. smile But maybe someone can explain why our legislators have been unable to pass a law on private military companies for a year? Art. 359 CC interferes? But for the protection of our economic projects in "hot spots" such legalized structures would be just right. And then there is no need to pay any foreign "spetsnaz veterans", our veterans are no worse, if not much better. And they won't give up on normal money either.
        But, for using the regular armed forces of the Russian state for such purposes, it is difficult (if at all possible) to find a legal justification.
        1. Izotovp
          Izotovp 16 February 2016 22: 57
          +1
          There was a joke about cadets ... almost ...
          As soon as it becomes beneficial to any person or group and they take on some large PMCs for themselves, they will immediately sell them, especially since the bill has already been thoughtfully worked out.
          1. CTEPX
            CTEPX 17 February 2016 05: 37
            0
            Quote: Izotovp
            As soon as it becomes beneficial to any person or group

            There is no such brave person)). Moreover, in fact PMCs have long existed (protection of Gazprom, nuclear facilities, Russian Railways, etc.)
        2. CTEPX
          CTEPX 17 February 2016 05: 34
          -1
          Quote: Ami du peuple
          can someone explain why our legislators have not been able to pass a law on private military companies for a year?

          Because, the only thing that saved our great Motherland from the bloody collapse is today's Russian state with all its giblets - oligarchs, politicians and officials, the army, navy, special services and the electorate. And, thanks to the current Constitution, it is not possible to provide an acceptable level of control over PMCs by the state)). There is a real danger that the PMC leadership will be outbid.
    4. Starover_Z
      Starover_Z 16 February 2016 23: 03
      +3
      How can one now cooperate with a country that is entirely dependent on energy prices?
      (special correspondent of Kommersant IVAN SAFRONOV)
      - It is no secret that Iraq’s budget is replenished by 95% due to oil revenues.

      A special correspondent. friends with his tower, ask such questions ?!
      The ruble "walks" on the scale like a monkey in the trees, and he nods at someone!
      The ruble, unfortunately, also relies not only on the sale of high-tech equipment,
      but also for the sale of oil and gas ...
      And this "speck" does not give an opportunity to look more closely into the distance.
      1. Dym71
        Dym71 16 February 2016 23: 40
        0
        Quote: Starover_Z
        The ruble "walks" on the scale like a monkey in the trees


        An exact comparison however! good
      2. CTEPX
        CTEPX 17 February 2016 05: 40
        0
        Quote: Starover_Z
        The ruble "walks" on the scale like a monkey in the trees

        It remains only to ensure that tall trees are no longer climbing)).
  2. samoletil18
    samoletil18 16 February 2016 21: 20
    0
    And no specifics. Neither in rubles nor in cu
    1. The comment was deleted.
    2. Fat
      Fat 17 February 2016 00: 54
      0
      The correspondent of Kommersant was not specifically interested in figures ... What else will be reported. Everything that is already known:
      In 2007, a contract was signed for the supply of 22 multi-role Mi-17 helicopters to Iraq. Deliveries were completed in 2011 through an intermediary, Airfreight Aviation Ltd. (UAE), the contract value was $ 345 million.
      In April, July and August 2012, a series of visits to Russia by delegations of Iraqi military experts headed by Iraqi Defense Minister Saadoun al-Dulaymi took place. They got acquainted with samples of modern Russian military products and discussed the supply possibilities with representatives of Rosoboronexport. Following the visits, the parties signed a major contact worth more than $ 4,2 billion. In October 2013, Russia began supplying weapons, including the Mi-35 and Mi-28N Night Hunter combat helicopters. A group of Iraqi specialists were trained in the development of helicopters at the Russian Center for Combat Use of Army Aviation in Torzhok. In the spring of 2014, Moscow and Baghdad signed an additional package of contracts, including the supply of Su-25 aircraft, artillery pieces and ammunition, worth about $ 1 billion.
      According to the Federal Service for Military-Technical Cooperation, in 2014 Iraq ranked second (after India) in terms of purchases of Russian weapons (11% of arms exports). Russia, in turn, has become the second largest arms supplier for Iraq after the United States. According to data from open sources, in 2014, Iraq delivered ten Su-25 attack aircraft (from the strategic reserve of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation), twelve TOS-1A Solntsepёk heavy flamethrower systems, six Mi-28N helicopters and up to ten Mi 35. In addition, the transfer of Pantsir-C1 anti-aircraft missile and cannon systems to Baghdad has begun. The value of the deliveries made in 2014 was about US $ 1,7 billion.
      The import of Russian weapons has acquired particular importance in light of the aggravation of the situation in Iraq due to the activities of the militants of the Islamic State (IS) terrorist group. Russian helicopters Mi-35 and Mi-28N have been repeatedly used in anti-terrorist operations against IS. In addition, the Iraqi armed forces used the Russian-made Kornet anti-tank missile system in combat operations against extremists. In February 2015, the Iraqi Ministry of Defense also announced that the use of Russian Sukhoi aircraft contributed significantly to the liberation of a number of Iraqi cities from IS militants.


      More on TASS:
      http://tass.ru/info/1981871
  3. Giant thought
    Giant thought 16 February 2016 21: 22
    +3
    Such close contacts will only benefit our countries, if it is possible to carry out military-technical cooperation with Iraq, it means that we must deal with this closely, there will be no extra currency for our budget. In general, it is a normal occurrence that we are considered in Iraq to be a solid, word-of-mouth partner. All this will be a great springboard for future contracts, good luck to us in the Middle East.
  4. Terrible_L.
    Terrible_L. 16 February 2016 21: 23
    +5
    fig yourself embassy
    1. tol100v
      tol100v 16 February 2016 22: 04
      +3
      Quote: Scary_L.
      fig yourself embassy

      Rather, a city surrounded by walls and thorns. Rather "zone". Here it would be in full force, but felling!
      1. Terrible_L.
        Terrible_L. 16 February 2016 23: 43
        0
        Quote: Tol100v
        Quote: Scary_L.
        fig yourself embassy

        Rather, a city surrounded by walls and thorns. Rather "zone". Here it would be in full force, but felling!

        they will break firewood in the forest!
  5. starschina
    starschina 16 February 2016 21: 24
    0
    already wrote in "Vzglyad"
  6. akims
    akims 16 February 2016 21: 26
    +6
    - The US Embassy, ​​where thousands of people are sitting behind high walls, is practically two divisions that prefer not to move around the city in cars, but use helicopters for this. This is the largest embassy in the region. And when we are told that American troops left Iraq, this is not at all the case. They did not leave, but simply moved to the embassy.

    Have you read this too? This is finally how, is it finally where? Yes, in all the embassies of the whole Europe together, there are fewer people !!!
  7. Gormenghast
    Gormenghast 16 February 2016 21: 29
    +5
    Some kind of mega or gig embassy. laughing

    The whole army of strongly belligerent Lithuania is much smaller.

    Amercians remember the Libyan Stevens - and do not strongly believe in the security of a democratized country and the love of a democratized population. laughing
  8. Denis Obukhov
    Denis Obukhov 16 February 2016 21: 36
    +1
    blackwater ended when the military campaign in Iraq came to naught - this firm had too much blood in it. they rebranded - now called Academy - does not change the essence, but the sign is different.
  9. 15 apr
    15 apr 16 February 2016 21: 40
    +1
    The trouble with Iraq is that there is no nation leader yet. the Americans did some work at one time. But no one has yet managed to win time.
  10. Michael67
    Michael67 16 February 2016 21: 43
    0
    Quote: samoletil18
    And no specifics. Neither in rubles nor in cu

    The number is named - 8 lard.
    1. samoletil18
      samoletil18 16 February 2016 21: 53
      0
      George W. Bush ml also confused Iran with Iraq
  11. lukke
    lukke 16 February 2016 21: 47
    +1
    Until now, private security companies in Western countries and South America are actively working there. Some of them are directly affiliated with odious companies such as BlackWaters. Of course, this fact does not please us. Why should we pay British or American special forces veterans who, a few years ago, turned the country into nothing with their own hands?
    I would not even say this: why should we pay them at all when there are our companies that can provide the same amount of services as well?
    and the question is who in what year and where of the former fighters fought not quite right, because they were soldiers, not politicians.
    By the way, the news is not actively commented on somehow - how did our dryers send the Luftwaffe aces grandchildren from the Syrian sky ?!)))
  12. atamankko
    atamankko 16 February 2016 22: 17
    +1
    From the Turks pours dirt not only on Russia, but also on their masters,
    they became infected with delusions of grandeur at the Great Dukes and the Baltic states.
    1. The comment was deleted.
  13. oxana_iv
    oxana_iv 17 February 2016 00: 50
    +2
    I see a lot of snide comments, but it seems to me that the Iraqi issue should be taken seriously. Iraq is far from the last player in the region, even after "democratization". And to miss such an ally would be simply stupid.
    1. Lyton
      Lyton 17 February 2016 01: 19
      0
      Doesn’t it seem to you, and apparently our leadership considers Iraq as a serious player in this region.
  14. EDP
    EDP 17 February 2016 02: 54
    -1
    So, slowly and without jerking, we must restore our presence in the region.
  15. Evil 55
    Evil 55 17 February 2016 03: 29
    +1
    It’s a pity for Saddam’s grandfather .. Iraq isn’t enough .. With him, there was no question about any ISIS or the Turks who crossed the border ..
  16. hobot
    hobot 17 February 2016 05: 34
    0
    So slowly and back to the Middle East.
    To us, they are southern neighbors, and to Americans, a means to achieve world power ...
  17. Wolka
    Wolka 17 February 2016 05: 47
    0
    work for Russian PMCs - protection of construction and operation of joint projects