Recall that the start was scheduled for December 25 2015 of the year, but Vladimir Putin wisely decided not to hurry: "We do not need any victory reports, we need a qualitative result." The head of state expressed the hope that he would manage to cope by Cosmonautics Day, that is, by 12 April 2016. But if everything is not ready for this day either, then the dates can be postponed, the president added.
Vladimir Putin is ready to sacrifice even a part of his own authority in order to preserve the only chance for negligent officials to fulfill their plans. This has already happened once, when in the North navy in the presence of the president on a strategic missile submarine, the intercontinental ballistic missile “refused” to leave its mine. To smooth out the embarrassment of the submariners, Vladimir Putin said: it was a conditional launch.
Today, "conditional launch" - at the Vostochny cosmodrome. After many years of work, it turns out that Russia does not have and will not have a new ship that should fly in less than three years, nor will there be a launch facility for its launch. And the launch complex for the Angar launch vehicle should be redone, of which only one of the two launchers be left.
For comparison, at Baikonur - 9 types of launch complexes and 15 launchers (PU). Of these, 8 is no longer used because of their aging and destruction, including due to emergency launches. On average, there is a loss of one PU every seven years. In addition, PU must be repaired after 20 launches. If we distribute the load equally between the two cosmodromes - Baikonur and Vostochny, in two years the only PU in Vostochny will be repaired.
Another adventure is a change in the design of the launch complex for the Angara launch vehicle. It must be adapted for launches of three types of PH at once: Angara-А5, Angara-А5П and Angara-А5В. It is necessary to change the documentation of the installation-test, command-measuring complexes, other infrastructure elements. It is most difficult to adjust the launch "table" for the three types of missiles, in which the first stages have different straps consisting of two, four and six universal rocket modules and, accordingly, different contours and diameters.
Earlier, the head of the Scientific and Technical Council of Roskosmos, Yuri Koptev, told reporters that the cost of creating a new modification of the Angara-A5B launch vehicle would be 37 billion rubles, and the entire program, taking into account the construction and equipping of ground infrastructure, would be 150 billion rubles. From the draft “Federal space program on 2016 – 2025 years” prepared for submission to the government, it follows that the state corporation Roscosmos does not plan to launch the Angara-A5B heavy launch vehicle until the middle of the next decade. In this case, is it necessary to change the launch facility now under a non-existent rocket?
All this is similar to the planning of the next big “cut” of budget funds in the East. Recall that, according to the passport of the Federal target program “Development of Russian cosmodromes for 2006 – 2015 years”, more than 61,7 billion rubles were allocated from the budget for the implementation of the subprogram “Creation of the supporting infrastructure of the Vostochny cosmodrome”. Cash execution, according to the Federal Treasury, as of 1 December 2015, amounted to about 31 billion rubles. In the Federal Register of Government Contracts, the amount is more than 20,5 billion rubles. And during the prosecutor's checks, the facts of theft were revealed, causing damage to 7,5 billion rubles.
Summarize. The purpose of the program “Development of Russian space centers on 2006 – 2015 years” was, as recorded in the document, the creation on the Russian territory of a full-function ground infrastructure to ensure the launch of the entire spectrum of promising domestic space rockets and defense spacecraft to all required altitude and orbit inclinations, and the creation of the necessary prerequisites for ensuring guaranteed independent access and permanent presence of the Russian Federation in space and for conducting yu independent space policy. 2015 year is over. On the East launch is postponed and it is not known when it will take place. It’s not even necessary to speak of launches of the “full spectrum of promising domestic missiles”, at least until the 2025 year. Last year, construction of facilities of the first stage was completed, that is, to ensure the launch of the Soyuz-2.1A launch vehicle. At the same time, Roskosmos has not mastered most of the funds.
Who will be responsible for the space failure? From April 2011 to August 2015, four space agency managers changed. Each of them during his tenure did not have time to restore order, but he introduced disorganization. There is only one “long-lived” in Roskosmos, which in the “Agency activity plan for 2013 – 2018 years” is indicated responsible for the readiness of the Vostochny cosmodrome for the launch of payloads. This is Alexander Ivanov, in the recent past - the first deputy head, and now the interim head of Roskosmos. But to him claims should not be. After all, the Agency's Activity Plan is fundamentally different from the Federal Target Program and from the very beginning did not contain a hint of the readiness of the cosmodrome to launch missiles in the 2015 year. On the contrary, “the degree of satisfaction of the conditions of readiness of the Vostochny cosmodrome for launching payloads and the effective functioning of ground-based space infrastructure and space assets” should be 2015% in 49,5, 2016% in 50,4, 2017% in 54,5, m - 2018%.
The cosmodrome is a kind of living organism. But if he is alive only on 50%, then he is more dead than alive. And for his "death" no one bears even administrative responsibility.