1940 was created in May as a Stalag 311 for prisoners of war from Belgium and France. The initial number of prisoners is 600 people. In the photo: a German boy is walking along the road past the hundreds of bodies of the dead prisoners of the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp.
In July, about 1941 thousands of prisoners of war from the USSR arrived here 20, by the spring of 1942 18 thousands of them died of starvation, cold and disease (only 2097 people survived). In the photo: prisoners freed by American troops of the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in Farsleben.
In April, the 1943 prisoner of war camp was closed and transformed into a concentration camp for the temporary detention of those prisoners who owned foreign passports and who could be exchanged for captured German nationals held in the Allied camps. In the photo: a British soldier on the bulldozer collects the corpses of prisoners of the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp.
A section for sick prisoners who could no longer work in labor camps was created in March 1944. In the 1945 year, when the end of World War II was already apparent, prisoners from other camps were transferred to Bergen-Belsen, although Bergen-Belsen was not equipped to receive so many prisoners. In the photo: former prisoners of the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp dismantle things before disinfection.
Former guards and guards Bergen-Belsen unload the bodies of prisoners under escort of British soldiers.
In the photo: Magdalene Kessel, Anneliese Kohlmann, 1921 — 1977, in the body of the right trailer, the fourth on the right; subsequently sentenced to two years in prison, Charlotte Pliquet, Ilze Förster (Ilse Föte) on 10 years in prison, released on December 1951 of the year), Frida Walter (Frieda Walter, sentenced to 3 year of imprisonment) and SS observant Friedrich Herzog (Friedrich Herzog, 1886 — 1945, died in the summer of 1945, after infection with typhus)
Among the dead was a Czech artist and writer Josef Čapek, Anna Frank and her sister Margot. In the photo: the bodies of dead prisoners of Bergen-Belsen against the background of a camp hut.
15 April 1945 camp Bergen-Belsen was voluntarily surrendered by the Germans to an officer of the British armed forces Derrick Sington (Derrick Sington), who later wrote a small book about this event (“Belsen Uncovered”, published by Duckworth, London, 1946). Despite the best efforts of the British military medics, about 13000 prisoners died after the transfer of the camp to the British. As a result of the transfer of control of Bergen-Belsen to the British armed forces, this camp became the first Nazi death camp, which gained notoriety from American citizens. In the photo: the deceased and dying prisoners of the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp lie on a pile of straw.
After the liberation of the camp by the British, when cleaning the campsite from corpses and burial of bodies, SS soldiers were forbidden to use gloves, despite the serious threat of typhus. Because of this, 20 of 80 camp guard members (SS teams) became sick and died. In the photo: five former prisoners of the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp dine at the bodies of the dead.
The German civilian population from nearby settlements was forcibly attracted to the 13000 burial of the bodies of the prisoners. They also had to perform these procedures without gloves and other protective equipment, under the threat of being shot. The houses of German citizens were used for the temporary resettlement of surviving prisoners of Bergen-Belsen. In the photo: three former prisoners of Bergen-Belsen carry a dead body in a blanket.
Unlike German soldiers, the British soldiers who participated in cleaning the camp from corpses, used bulldozers during the mass burial of decaying bodies. Many of those who saw footage of the film, made by the British military in Bergen-Belsen, believed that the bulldozers were driven by German soldiers. In the photo: a ditch with the bodies of prisoners of the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp.
Former SS Obershturmführer Franz Hößler (1906 — 1945) at the microphone in front of a truck with the bodies of prisoners of the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp.
The freed prisoner of the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp, who became ill with typhus in one of the camp barracks.
The freed prisoners of the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp (Bergen-Belsen), mostly women and children, spend the night in one of the camp premises.