I read several articles on this resource about Belarus. Nationalists, then, raise their heads. And dad their "head stroking" instead of tapping. And it means that we all need to start urgently fearing the very “Belarusian nationalism”. Gentlemen, it's funny to me. Honestly, funny, it all looked scary, ominous and threatening at the beginning of 90's, in the era of the “parade of sovereignties” when everyone grabbed as much freedom as the scale of prehensile limbs allowed. Glorious were times ... A lot of water has flowed from that time. To be precise, the golden age of nationalism and nation-states is the century of 19. And the most "glorious" of these states is the German Empire. After the two world wars, the Europeans' outlook seriously changed. Too much had to be buried in the ground of corpses. Millions of them, tens of millions. Including Ukrainian and Belarusian. And after WWII, it was somehow not accepted in Europe (attention, in Europe!) To push the nationalist pedal to the floor.
Too many corpses, too many ruins brought clarification of the question: who is still better - the Germans or the French? After two world meat grinders in any normal country, the idea is to be wary of the national issue. For this question too smells of gunpowder and blood. Europeans are not better, they have become more cautious. Therefore, any “peripheral” politician who declares full European integration and at the same time proudly and defiantly pulls on a patterned embroidery, makes me smile sincerely. War and the Germans, panties and a cross. Nationalism was at the peak of European politics exactly a hundred years ago: before the First World Meat Grinder. And in France, and in Germany, and in Britain, and in Austria-Hungary, and even in Russia.
So those in Russia who are offended by the rigid policy of the state are not quite right in this matter: the question is too explosive. This topic appeals to the darkest and deeper human instincts. Yes, in fact, it is able to bring us back to the era of the caves, when any member of the neighboring tribe was an enemy and potential prey. Do not wake the beast in me (hare) and do not call the people to the ax. This is serious. Any politician who starts broadcasting according to the principle: we are people, and they are not people, they enter a very slippery slope. Basic instincts - it is something dangerous thing. The cultural layer in any person is very, very thin, and there a semi-wild beast sits under it, waiting for its time. Not bad, by the way, there is a book - “Dr. Moreau's Island”. Philosophical. The film is somewhat worse, but not bad either. Who is too lazy to read - at least watch a movie. A gloomy, of course, view of human nature, but it has a place to be.
But there is also a positive moment - people can easily be carried away by this topic, those very instincts work: they are enemies, they oppress us - down with them! And as the ignition in the engine works, the fire of nationalism can also flare up. But, you say, people simply "revive the national culture, traditions." In fact, there really is nothing wrong with the revival of national traditions (such as slavery, for example). The question of exclusivity / inclusion, i.e. if the day of embroidery is for everyone, without looking at the faces (at least for a Jew, at least for a Negro, at least for the Hellenes), then this is positive unconditional. With both hands for. But as we all understand, these holidays are of a completely different political nature. What is the point of arranging it for everyone? Vyshivanka - a kind of marker, designed to distinguish their from others. This is the meaning of this holiday.
I think no one needs to explain how the revival of embroidery in Ukraine ended. And, it seems, well, what could be bad about this? However, somehow there embroidery has become the equivalent of a brown shirt. Why, I do not know who is to blame - either. For some reason, all Western media write about the struggle of the Ukrainian people for freedom, entertaining, of course. The fact that Ukraine is inhabited not only by Ukrainians, no one notices. You know, different things are citizenship and nationality. In principle, embroidery could become a symbol of all citizens of the new Ukraine (including Tatars and Jews), but ... somehow it did not. Other ideas were put into it. Not to unite, but to divide. On their own and others. And inside one "European" country. And then those who started and supported the “embroidery” project, lament for the “united Krajina”. And, sorry, embroidery is for everyone or only for “heroes with bacon”?
Somehow, in fact, there was a situation in the “European” Ukraine, that there are “embroidered Ukrainians” and all the rest who, as it were, have no political rights. Such is the idyll. And it could end only one - the civil war. Actually, she was all over. In principle, Ukraine could firmly separate the eastern regions and engage in national construction in full growth. It was possible to carry out federalization from the 1991 year - also an option for yourself, and after all, smart people would suggest, but who would listen to them. The toughest, most “trash” option was chosen - the single “Ukrainian” Ukraine, where the Russians are incomprehensible. It was clear to any intelligent person that nothing good would come out of this, the option is not working. All multinational states, starting with the empire of Alexander the Great and earlier, faced this problem, and everyone was forced to either seek compromise solutions or fight insurrections. There is no third. But Kiev wise men decided to deceive their fate, it did not work out.
In my opinion, it was embroidery that became a symbol of the collapse of Ukrainian statehood, a symbol of shame, war and disintegration. Because not only everything, few people have the right to wear it with pride ... being a 100% Ukrainian. The funny thing is, the residents of the north-west did not understand what kind of gift they gave Putin, having killed the Ukrainian state in the bud. A rich, united 50-million Ukraine could be a serious factor in European policy. All the political issues in Eastern Europe would have looked quite different if Ukraine had not become a loser state torn apart by civil war. It would be absolutely unreal to take Crimea away from a rich, respected, prosperous country. But residents of Lviv and Ternopil did not let us down. “Ukrainian embroidery” is just a vivid example of how not to build a state. Just an exemplary set of completely wrong decisions.
For some reason, Western propaganda comes from the strange assumption that Ukraine is inhabited mainly by Ukrainians (historically). There was such a huge country that Moscow enslaved, annexed to its imperial possessions. And that there is such a single and homogeneous ethnos in embroidery, which in tens of millions of people inhabit this happy country from Lviv to Kharkov. And there is an evil Putin who interferes with the European happiness of hobbits in embroidered shirts. The same picture can be seen in the Ukrainian media, which is even more fun. If all the peoples of Ukraine were united by a common state idea, then no Putin could have got there. Back in the glorious 2013 year, Putin was further for residents of Donbass than Kiev. Residents of Donbass fought for federalization, and they were offered embroidery as a symbol of division into true Ukrainians and all the rest.
The tragedy of the peoples of Ukraine is that their elites lagged behind Europe by a hundred, or even two hundred. Or maybe they do not even correspond to the level of the Ancient World. It’s just that if the national idea were to incite the inhabitants of Ukraine against Poland, it would be stupid, but would unite the country, and the idea of inciting Ukrainians inside the country against Russians would be suicidal. The country could not survive this anyway. Sooner or later, the bomb was supposed to explode, and it exploded. Once again, a nation-nation is a fiery idea of the 19th century, which led to the trenches of the First World War. The countries of Europe have drawn some conclusions from this and the national question in state building is not used very much, it’s more expensive. We got to the full "multi-stump." And here on historical Ukraine appeared on the stage, just like "hello, we are from the past." And Ukraine got a unique chance - to take an accelerated course in European politics. For this, tens of thousands of Ukrainian conscripts died.
Forgive me, of course, gentlemen, but for me embroidery today is a sign of savagery, backwardness and cave fascism: those who are from our cave are people, the rest are nonhumans. Or am I misunderstanding something? Correct me, but in Ukraine it turned out that way. Who said that in Belarus will be different? Nationalism is a dangerous thing, like a forest fire. A man in his “natural state” is not a “noble savage”, but something terrible, smelly and bloodthirsty. And when someone starts playing such games with a sweet smile, the result is rather predictable. And in the South Caucasus and Central Asia, the national revival was expressed only in one thing: in the inter-ethnic massacre. What we recently observed in the Donbas. The path to political popularity is very simple - hit the aliens! And that's it - the beast inside will do its work. Therefore, this technique is loved by third-rate politicians.
So I'm trying to understand, why does Alexander Rygorych connect to this topic? What is he looking for in a distant land that he threw in his native land? Somehow, the former head of the collective farm, smoothly and painlessly, jumped from the “Indian summer of socialism” to the morning of “national revival”. And against whom, I'm sorry, is he going to “revive”? Who are the oppressors of the Belarusian people? In principle, this technology is logical within the framework of the empire. And only in this framework. Mahatma Gandhi was actively engaged in this. Hindus are oppressed, down with the empire. William Wallace too. Thousands of them! But this technology is rational within the “evil empire”. In the framework of "their" independent state - this is insanity. This is the work of its destruction. Ukrainians intelligently and carefully began to fight for independence AFTER its gain. When it became patriotic and safe, before that they made party careers and did not even remember embroidered shirts. I am wrong? Tell me about the national heroes of Ukraine of the Brezhnev era. And chest on machine guns? And boldly shout in the face of the KGB executioners: “Glory to Ukraine! Glory to the heroes! ”And relish spit in the arrogant KGB muzzles! As in bad French comedy: the struggle for the independence of Ukraine unfolded after gaining it and led to the loss of the aforementioned independence. Ukrainians are such Ukrainians. Do not give them sovereignty - or they will be cut, or broken.
The Old Man went even further - he began to revive the nation a quarter of a century after the bloodless acquisition of sovereignty and through 20 years of personal presidency. What is it, huh? Where was he actually before? Why not fought before? Money stopped giving and the struggle for "sovereignty" began? In general, what kind of anti-Russian sentiment in a friendly and independent country? And everything is quite simple: the technology of retention in power. Transfer people's anger for failures in the economy to someone else. Although how the permanent president of an independent state can do this, I don’t understand everything completely. In this case, Russia is also an independent country, which owes nothing to Belarus by definition. Any complaints about her look rather strange.
In general, all the troubles and problems of the country of Belarus from the fact that Mr. Lukashenko is not a professional politician, besides, he is a proud person, emotional and vindictive (just like me!). Therefore, he takes the very important decisions on which the fate of Belarus and the Belarusian people depends: first, “on emotions” - he was offended, underestimated, not respected; secondly, according to the Soviet nomenklatura habit, he believes that ultimately all problems should be solved by Moscow. And when Moscow refuses to do this, then, from his point of view, this is a violation of the “contract”. And in the opposite direction? Run teams from Moscow? And in the opposite direction - complete "independence". In response, the Belarusians clearly state: “Respect our sovereignty!”. It is approximately as if, under Brezhnev, the Ryazan region had its own secretary-general, its own foreign ministry, its own KJB, its passports ... But it would be fully funded from Moscow. Where you, forgive, such miracles saw?
Belarus is a “relic” of the outgoing post-Soviet era, and it has no chance to preserve its socio-economic model. Problems will only grow. Times have changed a lot over the past 25 years, and dad is the same. By the way, I can explain why he needed "The Day of Embroidery" and why it made me laugh so much. Everything is quite simple: the dad does not know much about politics and does not go into details. But he - well done! If during the collapse of the USSR, someone privatized factories and factories for themselves, then dad privatized an entire republic for themselves. And he is not going to give it to anyone. And democracy is a stupid social term for him. So this is how he saw the “return of the Crimea”: Moscow “stole” its inalienable property from the local prince. Those. the territory of the Crimea, and the people who inhabit it, from the point of view of Lukashenko, and from the point of view of Kiev and Brussels, is a property complex. This is serious and not childish. And there was an illegitimate withdrawal of this property. And the message of Brussels is quite clear: "Return the lackeys back!". And the old man, by the way, also felt class feudal solidarity: “Slaves stealing is not good! It is not fair, the prince! ”
By the way, this is exactly how Mr. Lukashenko views Belarus and Belarusians: as a property complex. And he felt threatened. He was afraid that the “Kremlin wise men” would also scam him from the throne (How can you! Best of Belarusians!). He really believed that Russia would want to "attach" his land. And he began to act, to fight the looming threat from the east. Which, by the way, proves his complete ignorance in matters of economics. In the fat zero, when a sort of union with Belarus was in full swing, smart economists asked an unexpected question: “Can we afford it?” As everyone understands, Russia would have to pay for the union. And it would cost extremely expensive. And even before the crisis, 2008 and before the sanctions it looked enough, let's say, “ambitious”. Now? Here and now to attach the Republic of Belarus to the Russian Federation ?? Sorry, gentlemen, but the time for such a bold experiment hopelessly missed. Well, this is not in the style of the Mongol / Teutonic invasion: they burned everything and cut them all. Well, this is how much dough it is necessary to tumble ... By the way, this is why the fears of Ukraine regarding the weaning of sovereignty look even more funny. In principle, Russia was not able to add all of Ukraine to zero. Absolute economic fiction.
Guys, well, it’s still worth the money, and the accession of the GDR to the Federal Republic of Germany has long hiccuped. Want to talk about the reconstruction of the USSR? This is down the hall. But Alexander Rygorych did not know such subtleties, and he took the threat of a “sudden Anschluss” quite seriously. He wakes up, then on a Sunday morning, and on the streets of Minsk there are Russians Tanks and the second round of the referendum on voluntary accession is already underway ... And the treacherous Minsk residents with joyful smiles run to vote “FOR”. Goosebumps, to drizzle. Man stubbornly does not want to understand what democracy and the opinion of the people are. Only noble landlords and their two-legged property. And if you think of the feudal criteria, then yes, why not? The Sineokoider raider capture, such a raider ... But, by the way, does he trust the Belarusians at all? How much Or is he afraid that, following Yanukovych’s example, his compatriots may hand over Putin for a bag of mint gingerbread and that only the Praetorian guard in embroidered shirts can prevent this incident? If not, then why all this jazz? By the way, as history shows, it’s the Praetorians who love freestanding gingerbreads the most! It is among the inner circle, among the most "embroidered" that one must seek treason! (A decent person simply will not participate in all this crazy circus tent with painted shirts). If Alexander Lukashenko can no longer trust ordinary Belarusians, how will the situation be changed by a change in the style and colors of shirts? How can the color of the shirt affect the moral qualities of its owner? How can the choice of a spoken language affect the loyalty and devotion of the one who speaks it?
Nationalism is relevant in the preparation of attacks on neighbors, as, for example, in the second / third Reich. Or, as already mentioned, in preparing the national uprising of the proud Scots. In Ukraine, it was a preparation for ethnic cleansing and the collapse of the state (unexpectedly!). What is Lukashenko preparing for? Does he want to capture Warsaw? But is there NATO? Perhaps, to return the Belarusian Vilnius? What kind of empire is he going to throw off? Maybe Holy Roman?
I know that many Ukrainians and Belarusians will say in response: but you also have fascists / nationalists there who organize marches and attack Tajiks. There is, how not to be, there are fascists, and ultras, and just scumbags. But there is a fundamental difference: the Russian state has not flirted with them, is not flirting and is not going to flirt. For him, it is either criminals or potential criminals. Underground, in short. Feel the difference. In a free society, which, of course, is modern Russia, there are a variety of social / anti-social movements. Or do you want to ban everything and give everyone the same pants? The point is not in the presence of such extremists, but in a hostile attitude towards them from the official authorities of the Russian Federation. They will never be "their" for Russian officials. Their lot is the lot of the marginals. The Nashists were anyone but nationalists. When they were. There is a difference in the social structure: a resident of Ukraine or Belarus thinks that any organized political group should be supported / receive permission “from the very top”. They have no other way. Gentlemen, alas, here in Russia is "different." And if you see a column of demonstrators marching through the streets of Moscow, for example, with imperial flags, this does not mean that Putin gave the go-ahead. This is the same freedom to her.
Belarus should seriously prepare for an economic storm. But it is not interesting to anyone there, people are doing something incomprehensible. It seems that Alexander Lukashenko still does not believe in the sovereignty of his country. Maybe it still seems to him that this is all “make-believe”? 12 strikes hours, and the magic will shatter, and the “Cinderella” will be sent to the “Summit Potatoes”? The bitter truth is that Russia is not going to either “seize” Belarus or solve its economic problems. Although, for example, many "patriots of Ukraine" are still waiting for the Russian special forces in Boryspil ... And then, after all, as with the chances of Poroshenko to meet a tyrannosaur on Khreshchatyk: he will either meet or not meet fifty to fifty. Chances are equal. But I put on a tyrannosaur.