Military Review

Krasnodon's holy children died in February 1943


On the night of 8 on 9 in February, 1943 was shot more than three hundred people in the rattling forest in the Ukrainian town of Rovenky. Among them were Oleg Koshevoy, Lyuba Shevtsova, Simon Ostapenko, Victor Subbotin, Dmitry Ogurtsov. It seems to me that on this day it is necessary to get up and just one minute of silence to honor the memory.

Krasnodon's holy children died in February 1943

And before that, mass arrests and execution had already taken place in Krasnodon. Total killed more than 100 people. According to other sources - 94 or 103 of a person, but nobody knows the exact number of killed innocent souls today.

Yes, I insist on it, on their holiness. They were 14-16 years. It was the backbone of the "Young Guard". These were innocent children who rose up to the extent they were able to deal with the hated invaders. It was during these February days, 73 a year ago, that mass executions were carried out in Krasnodon. The children were dumped alive in the hole of the mine No. XXUMX. Sergei Tyulenin could not be straightened: his crooked body hung on the beam. He was martyred. This is impossible to write, but necessary. I feel bad that the girls were tortured with particular cruelty: they stripped them naked and hung them by braids. No, I can not write.

It is better to let archival documents shed light on inhuman cruelty.

And the hate of the children then was a lot. And it began with the fact that several dozens of miners were buried alive in the central square in Krasnodon, who refused to work for the occupiers.

The distance from Krasnodon to the city of Rovenki is considerable: about 188 kilometers. His name came from the name of Khan, whose name was Revhenie. And he, in turn, received this nickname from the excessive enthusiasm for the treatment with grass with the strange name of jealousy: tincture of it was a good remedy for wounds. The almighty Khan did not know that where rhubarb grows, black gold lurks beneath the layers of black earth, which began to be mined in about 1877 year. In the 20th century, the city of Rovenky became truly miner: in 1934, it was given the status of a city. It was a strange and terrible place. Century oaks - some have passed for 100 years - surrounded on all sides by the city, cut it in half. And the visible mines complemented this gloomy landscape.

In the winter of 1943, mass raids took place in this city and completely innocent people could get into the trap.

The tragedy that happened there is unlikely to happen again. Although who knows. The cultivation of hate continues. And more than one generation has been cultivated on this hatred. After all, young people were tortured, stars were slaughtered by it, former citizens of Soviet Ukraine who had gone over to the side of the Germans tore off the spit. Many people recall that it was the local policemen who committed atrocities and tormented young people with more fatigue. That even the Germans were amazed at this hatred.

According to eyewitnesses, the local police had no idea who they were actually shooting. When they began to interrogate them, it turned out that they were able to remember some people. Somehow they were different. The local policeman remembered Lyuba Shevtsov by a good figure and a beautiful face, which she did not turn away before being shot.

And then there was a long way for the relatives and friends of the victims, who rushed to look for their little ones when Soviet troops liberated Krasnodon and other Ukrainian cities and towns. Long days and hours people walked and looked for their loved ones. People passed each other information about the places of execution. And so, from one grave to another, mothers and daughters walked in their sorrowful way. Everyone hoped to see their relatives alive, but this hope disappeared when dead bodies, tortured by torture, were found in the ditch.

Dmitry Ogurtsov, Semyon Ostapenko and Subbotin Dmitry from Krasnodon were transferred to the Rovenkovsky district gendarmerie. Oleg Koshevoy, who, according to his mother's testimony, took the route Talovoye village - Dolzhanka - Bokovo-Anthracite, was sent there too.

The distance from Krasnodon to the Side-Anthracite (now the city of Anthracite under the authority of the LC) is approximately 80 kilometers. Having passed this way, Oleg went to his distant acquaintance grandfather Krupenyk, who agreed to receive a sixteen-year-old boy, and then told the local policeman about this.

Dmitry Ogurtsov, it seemed, fate twice led away from Krasnodon. After all, Dmitry was born in the Oryol region, in the Yurasovo farm. But his father, attracted by the miner's fame, decided to go in search of a better life in Krasnodon. And then again, after a few years, the family leaves for Sakhalin. But something prevents them from settling there, and they again return to Krasnodon. From here, Dmitry goes to the army, where he is trained in radio engineering and sent to the Novorossiysk front in the 144-th separate regiment of the 83-th naval brigade. In 1942, near the city of Temryuk, he was seriously wounded and captured. He escaped. Successful. He is trying to get to his, but the front is far and there is no strength to reach. Dmitry gets to Krasnodon and for three months hides with his sister. Neighbors give it, they write a denunciation to the police. Dmitry is forced to work in the mines.

Fifteen-year-old Semyon Markovich Ostapenko was born in the village of Pyatigorovka (according to other sources, he was born in Pervozvanovka), but his parents also decided to move to Krasnodon. If they knew that their active, cheerful boy, who did not live to 16 years - his birthday was 10 in May - would be among the same caring, ill soul for their real homeland, trampled by the enemy. He will have to experience 42 strikes with a wire whip on himself - his slender body as a teenager has been excised and ripped off. Face too. And in the head found a bursting bullet.

Semyon drew very well: his parents retained talented drawings made with a simple pencil. But he directed his talent to make rubber fonts: it could be used in the manufacture of leaflets. Many of his paintings were then sent to an exhibition in Moscow, and they subsequently got lost.

The character of Victor Subbotin formed the dream of becoming a pilot: he was an excellent student, he was able to save his drowning friend, he was always collected and careful. So he remained in the memory of his teachers and parents. Victor was a native resident of the city of Krasnodon and was very hard going through the occupation. He was able to become part of the organization and participated in all the events held by their "five". He could not leave the city when the arrests began and the mother said that he should be with them. He was seized near the Lenin club at the end of January 1942, where he sang so well and pleasantly to the guitar, and the girls listened to his beautiful voice, dying in anticipation of uncharted happiness. But now it did not exist. The young, mighty, growing up life branch was killed in the bud: Victor's arms were twisted in the joints, his whole face was in terrible bruising.


It all started with a small piece of paper that was addressed (notice!) Not to the police chief, but to the mine chief Zhukov.

“To the chief of mine, Mr. Zhukov.


I found traces of the underground Komsomol organization and became its member. When I learned its leaders, I am writing you a statement. Please come to my apartment, and I will tell you everything in detail. My address: st. Chkalov, No. 12, move 1, the apartment of Vasily Grigorievich Gromov.

20.XII.42. Gennady Pocheptsov.

The commandant of the Vasily Dmitrievich Podtynny police station, Gennady Pocheptsov, his stepfather Vasily Gromov, M. Kuleshov, the police chief Vasily Solikovsky, the former Esaul M. Kuleshov, Fadeev Guria and many other traitors were found by NKVD many years later.

They found the underpinned sixteen years after the end of the war: he worked as an accountant on a collective farm in the Stalin Region. Another traitor, Cherenkov, was hiding in a distant geological party, in the Urals. It is said that when his boss came to arrest him, the Georgian was overwhelmed by the hypocrisy of his subordinate, Podtynny, who praised his chief's daughter for reading the book Young Guard well. The court of the Ukrainian SSR, which began over Xtyn 23 under the Xtym of February, sentenced him to death.

The city's burgomaster Statsenko was found in East Germany, where he worked as a humble forager. Statsenko George, the son of the Krasnodon burgomaster, was arrested earlier.

And in Karaganda, Ivan Orlov, the former chief Krasnodar policeman, was hiding. In the camps for German prisoners of war, Colonel Ernst Emil Renatus, Otto Drewitz, E. Schroeder, J. Schultz, SS men, who were involved in the shooting of young men and women, were found. Note that German surnames are much smaller.

Feat Alexandra Peregonets

Honored Artist of the RSFSR Alexandra Feodorovna Peregonets in some ways repeated the feat of Lyuba Shevtsova, who became the actress of the local theater in the film.

Alexandra Feodorovna's husband, Dobkevich, was the director of the theater, a respected man, so on the third day at the German commandant's office he was offered to become a city mayor. He was not a party, but was a simple decent man and flatly refused. For refusal, he was shot. Then our Shura wanted to take revenge, throw gasoline over the theater and burn it. But the theater artist Baryshev (who had already established contact with the local underground) stopped her in time. They and several employees of the theater formed the underground group "Sokol".

With the approval of the authorities, reopening the theater, and then Madame Peregonets Salon for German officers, members of the underground got out drugs, distributed leaflets, collected information about the plans and deployment of German units in the Crimea, and then transferred all this to the partisans, thanks to which a large German was bombed out aerodrome.

When the forced dispatch of young people to work in Germany later began, Alexandra Peregonets, thanks to her artistic charm, received permission from the authorities to open a youth studio at the theater, where they accepted everyone, even without much talent. Thus, more than a hundred boys and girls were saved from slavery and death. But the main task of the underground group “Falcon” was to blow up the theater during the performance together with the fascist officers, generals and Hitler who gathered for the premiere (as is known from stories, in the Crimea, expected the arrival of the Führer). The artists, of course, understood that they would blow up with the theater, but they were ready for it. In the spring of 1944, our advancing units were approaching the Crimea. And then there was a tragedy. Two weeks before the liberation of Simferopol, the Sokol group was revealed by a traitor from the nationalist organization of the Gestapo. The participants of the Falcon were arrested immediately after the performance, without even letting them change their clothes. They were tortured for a long time by the Gestapo, and three days before our units entered Simferopol, on April 10, they were tortured and shot. Later, a monument was erected at the place of their burial, and at the entrance to the Drama Theater a memorial plaque with the names of the dead was fortified.

In 1981, the film "They were actors" was shot, dedicated to the feat of the artists of this theater. The main character, our aunt Shura, was played by a wonderful film actress Zinaida Kiriyenko. True, my grandfather always said that she was not at all like his aunt. Oh, he knew her well in life, was his favorite nephew, often ran to her at the theater in Moscow and St. Petersburg. In 1990, a study by Landau, the art historian Alexandra Peregonets, was published by the Art Publishing House in Moscow. The true story about the Sokol underground group was shown in May on 2010 in the television documentary The Shoot After the Premiere.

After the recent events in Ukraine, I was very worried that the memory of Shurochka would be lost to the Peregon, the street in Simferopol, named after her, would be renamed. But the story did not allow this to happen. Simferopol is now part of Russia!

... There is a monument in the Thunderbolt. There are such holy words there: “But even dead, we will live in a particle of your great happiness - after all, we have invested our lives in it”. But today a book about the Young Guard was removed from the school program.
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  1. parusnik
    parusnik 8 February 2016 07: 56
    But today, a book about the Young Guard was removed from the school curriculum...Not a format .. Yes, and memory must be erased from childhood .. it’s more difficult for an adult ... Thanks, Polina ...
    1. sibiryouk
      sibiryouk 9 February 2016 23: 24
      Let it be removed, read not Fadeev’s fiction, but the documentary (Lyudinov’s retribution and retaliation) by Kalinichenko and Gladkov about the HEROES of the Lyudinovskaya underground!
      By the way, their leader Alexei Shumavtsov was 16 years old (GSS-posthumous)!
  2. King, just king
    King, just king 8 February 2016 08: 20
    I read in WHAT CONDITIONS the guys got out of the mine. It’s not just scary, it’s kind of unreal. I can’t even put out passages here for ethical reasons. And they were 17 years old!

    Eternal memory to them!
    1. Edge
      Edge 9 February 2016 15: 57
      At one time, Valeria Borts came to us, spoke to schoolchildren herself, showed a documentary film, and there were shots of how to get the bodies. Valeria said that they were thrown into mines (pits), where they were twisted and died. When they got the bodies, the question was how to bury, the doctors suggested the option of boiling in water. I still remember such a terrible story from childhood. She told who the traitor in her opinion, but this is another story, and not entirely reliable.
  3. Cap.Morgan
    Cap.Morgan 8 February 2016 08: 54
    War is so her.
    Note that German surnames are much smaller.
    What is happening in Ukraine now ... a similar situation.
  4. Bredovich705
    Bredovich705 8 February 2016 09: 13
    This must not be forgotten, we simply do not have the right to do so! Thanks to the author for the article! Eternal memory to the guys!
  5. Vadim2013
    Vadim2013 8 February 2016 10: 45
    Eternal memory to the children and girls who died for their homeland.
  6. Dmitry Ukraine
    Dmitry Ukraine 8 February 2016 10: 52
    Eternal memory to fallen heroes and the kingdom of heaven! Thanks to the author of the article.
  7. Skobelev
    Skobelev 8 February 2016 11: 38
    Eternal memory to the children and girls who died for the freedom and independence of the Motherland.
  8. EDP
    EDP 8 February 2016 12: 14
    Many thanks to the author for the material. The feat of the Young Guard must not be forgotten. Otherwise, we are waiting for mankurtization.
    But the Ukrainians have not changed at all since they mocked the defenseless in the Second World War, and in the so-called ATO.
  9. user3970
    user3970 8 February 2016 12: 25
    With great fanfare, the Tambovskys open a memorial to papa drunks in Yeltsinburg, but somehow they did not bother to mark this date in the DPR.
  10. Colonel
    Colonel 8 February 2016 13: 41
    But today, a book about the Young Guard was removed from the school curriculum.

    Afraid, scum!
  11. jakub
    jakub 8 February 2016 15: 42
    Yes, it’s not so simple Sholokhov in the novel called a traitor a man who was the rigger of the whole group and not a cat, by the way, his father from Belarus and he had completed sabotage demolition courses before the war, the archives are secret about him who really read the novel can say his last name
    1. sibiryouk
      sibiryouk 9 February 2016 23: 26
      author YOUNG GUARD-A.Fadeev !!!
  12. rus-5819
    rus-5819 8 February 2016 16: 39
    Quote: yakub
    Yes, it’s not so simple Sholokhov in the novel called a traitor a man who was the rigger of the whole group and not a cat, by the way, his father from Belarus and he had completed sabotage demolition courses before the war, the archives are secret about him who really read the novel can say his last name

    Actually, the novel was written by A. Fadeev, and not M. Sholokhov.
    And how could a 16-year-old boy complete the "Saboteur Demolition Course"? Rave!
    1. jakub
      jakub 8 February 2016 17: 37
      Sorry, of course, Fadeev joked and read the memories of residents by the way
      1. Alex
        Alex 8 February 2016 20: 31
        Quote: yakub
        of course Fadeev joked

        An interesting reason for a joke ...

        Now about Fadeev and the novel. Of course, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich hastened things a little, deriving the traitor's surname in this way. And he got along with the facts quite freely, mainly using the stories of Elena Nikolaevna Kosheva, the mother of Oleg Koshevoy. Obviously, thanks to this, Oleg in the novel turned out to be a much more central figure than her commander Ivan Turkenich, who was just a career soldier (commander of a mortar battery). Another member of the Molodaya Gvardia headquarters, Viktor Tretyakevich, also had military training (a special school at USHPD in Voroshilovgrad, perhaps he knew subversive business).

        Fadeev paid a lot for this novel, perhaps this was one of the reasons for the suicide, but he justified himself by writing a novel, not a biographical document. So to appeal to a work of art as a historical document is a rather shaky and thankless task, but the role of this novel in the upbringing of patriotism cannot be overestimated.

        And the last one. You spit poison here, and in 1974 I was on an excursion to Krasnodon (for Donbass schoolchildren, such trips were almost obligatory), and I also went on pit No.5. In our class at that time, two students from Krasnodon were just interns, so we also talked with local residents, relatives of the dead children. And you know, although they didn’t really approve of Fadeev, they forgave him a long time ago, even pitied a man for such a death.
  13. jakub
    jakub 8 February 2016 17: 59
    by the way his name is Victor Tretyakevich in a novel under the name Stakhovich rehabilitated 1960
  14. midshipman
    midshipman 8 February 2016 21: 07
    Interestingly, a very respected person (Maksimkov AA) told me in childhood that there was also an underground youth organization in Gatchina. The Nazis also shot these young Komsomol members. I just remembered all the Heroes of the Great Patriotic War. Earth rest in peace for our defenders and eternal memory. I have the honor.
  15. jakub
    jakub 8 February 2016 21: 19
    and still, Victor Tretyakovich, from 1941, a reconnaissance member in a partisan detachment after a shell-shock left for Krasnodon insulting that until now all the truths have not been told to us, which is bad why some parts of the case are classified secretly until 2025
    1. sibiryouk
      sibiryouk 9 February 2016 23: 29
      There were MANY youth underground organizations, only they did not write novels about them! See above about the Lyudinovsky underground.
  16. Russia
    Russia 9 February 2016 00: 11
    "Through the centuries, through the years - remember ..."
  17. Old26
    Old26 9 February 2016 18: 12
    Quote: midshipman
    Interestingly, a very respected person (Maksimkov AA) told me in childhood that there was also an underground youth organization in Gatchina.

    Such organizations were in any more or less large occupied city. Somewhere they were more organized, somewhere less, but this does not diminish their feat.

    Quote: yakub
    it’s a shame that so far they haven’t told us all the truths, but it’s bad why some parts of the case are classified secretly until 2025

    It is difficult to do this at times. Often events overgrown with a huge number of legends and a low bow to those local historians, writers who raise this layer.
    Well, about 2025. So something is in these materials, since the neck is still not removed
    1. sibiryouk
      sibiryouk 9 February 2016 23: 31
      See above, READ MORE BOOKS!