Military Review

High-altitude flight: Eagle V crashes out of the nest

24
High-altitude flight: Eagle V crashes out of the nest

The Swiss Army deployed four newest armored Eagle V 4x4 armored vehicles in a specialized version of the disposal of explosive items. They are equipped with a Kongsberg Protector combat module armed with an 12,7-mm machine gun and 76-mm grenade launchers.


After extended tests, the Eagle IV and Eagle V armored vehicles were selected by the German army. An enlarged version of 6x6 has been developed. Let's get accustomed to the family of these machines.

After the success of the Eagle I, II, and III LTV light tactical vehicles (Light Tactical Vehicle), which were based on the chassis of an AM General's HMMWV armored car, General Dynamics European Land Systems-Mowag (GDELS-Mowag) began developing the new Eagle IV 4x4 LTV.

For the base model was taken unarmored tactical car DURO 4x4 also the company GDELS-Mowag, which is used in large quantities in the Swiss army.

GDELS-Mowag purchased the DURO 4x4 and 6x6 off-road vehicle production line from Bucher-Guyer in 2003 and subsequently transferred production to its main production facilities.

Compared with the previous versions, the Eagle IV has a more powerful diesel engine and a chassis with a higher payload and increased maneuverability. It also has a greater internal volume, greater payload, better mine and ballistic protection, which at that time was the main requirement of the customer.

In addition, GDELS-Mowag exercised overall control over the basic elements of the base platform, unlike previous versions of the Eagle family, when changes to the configuration of the original platforms were carried out on a production line in the United States.

After extensive testing and an international competition involving Light Multirole Vehicle (named Caracal) by Iveco Defense Vehicles - submitted through Rheinmetall MAN Military Vehicles - the Eagle IV project from GDELS-Mowag was selected to meet the needs of the German army for a family of protected vehicles, designated as GFF (Geschutzte Fuhrungs und Funkionsfahrzeugs - armored commander and universal machine).

Ultimately, the 495 Eagle IV armored cars were put into the German army, including the 42 sanitary versions.

In addition to Germany, the Danish army adopted the Eagle IV 90 machines and, as in the case of the German army, many of them were deployed in Afghanistan, where they traveled more than a million kilometers.

Germany later organized another contest for the remaining number of GFF 2 vehicles, in which the German EAP V multi-purpose armored vehicle AMPV (Armored Multi Purpose Vehicle), developed by a consortium of Krauss-Maffei Wegmann and Rheinmetall MAN Military Vehicles, became a rival to the latest Eagle V project.

Eagle V successfully overcame this barrier and the remaining needs of the GFF 2 program were “filled” with this machine. In the middle of 2013, the German Defense Purchasing Authority (Bundesamt fur Ausrustung, Informationstechnik und Nutzung de Bundeswehr) issued a contract for 100 Eagle V armored vehicles plus an option for 76 armored vehicles, which was later executed.

The production of these Eagle V machines was carried out at the GDELS-Mowag plant in Switzerland and GDELS-Germany; final deliveries are completed at the end of 2015.

Urs Engeli, marketing director at GDELS-Mowag, said that "all German Eagle IV and V cars were delivered on schedule and at a specific contract cost."

Like the Eagle IV model, the Eagle V armored car was developed at its own expense based on information received from potential customers. In 2010, he entered the international market and in a short time received the designation of the next-generation armored car Next-Generation Eagle.

According to Engeli: “Compared with the previous version of the Eagle IV, the newest Eagle V has several improvements, including greater internal volume, greater payload, higher levels of anti-mine, ballistic protection and protection against improvised explosive devices (IED), increased mobility and improved facilities".

The Eagle V 4x4 is based on the DURO III off-road vehicle. The chassis is equipped with a welded steel four-door cabin, in which, depending on the version, four or five seats are installed.

The increase in internal volume was achieved by raising the roof and expanding the cabin forward.

The driver and commander are located behind the engine compartment. All crew members are located on energy-absorbing seats, while their legs do not touch the spaced minozaschischennogo bottom.

Crew access to the car is through two doors that open forwards, which, like the rest of the car, have windows with bullet-proof glass.

Depending on the required level of protection, steel or ceramic mounted armor is bolted to the central broncapsule. The engine compartment and the cargo compartment also have modular protection.

Compared to the Eagle I, II and III, the Eagle IV and V variants have higher levels of protection against mines and IEDs, which was confirmed by independent advanced explosive and ballistic tests.



In addition to the basic four-door version of the Eagle V, a version with a two-door protected cabin has also been developed.

In addition to the spaced or “floating” internal bottom, the machine has a steel bottom in a double V-shaped configuration, with the result that it was possible to get a lower profile compared to a single V-shaped body, which is more typical for machines of the category MRAP Mine-Resistant Ambush-Protected (with increased protection from mines and improvised explosive devices).

The Eagle V armored car is equipped with a six-cylinder diesel engine with a common Cummins fuel line hp 245 power. and torque 925 Nm. The engine is connected to an Allison 2500 SP automatic transmission with five forward and one reverse gears and a two-stage transfer case. Also in the undercarriage scheme there is a Torsen limited slip differential.

The car can reach a maximum speed of up to 110 km / h in the upper range and 55 km / h in the lower range. The gross weight of the machine is 10 tons, and the power density of 24,2 hp / t.

The car showed a high level of off-road terrain and differs bridges type de Dion with gears in the wheel hubs and patented roll stabilizers. The mechanism of Watt ensures that the wheels always remain in contact with the ground when driving over rough terrain. The Eagle V has high ground clearance, a protected differential and closed disc brakes. The machine is equipped with 365 / 80R20 anti-rim wheels with hydro-pneumatic main brakes, as well as a standard anti-lock braking system. The front wheel steering has a hydraulic boost.

The standard equipment of the German Army Eagle V armored car includes an overpressure protection system with overpressure, an air-conditioning system and a SYEGON centralized paging system for wheels from Nexter Systems. Also standard are the engine preheater, mirrors and windshield with electric heating.

Roof mounted armament depends on customer requirements, but can vary from an unprotected machine gun, a protected combat module, to a remotely controlled combat module (RCF) armed with an 7,62-mm or 12.7-mm machine gun or even an 40-mm automatic grenade launcher.

Armored vehicles of the German army Eagle IV and V are equipped with a Krauss-Maffei Wegman rooftop UAW FLW100 armed with an MGNXXX machine gun 7,62-mm. The previous machines, the Danish Eagle IV, were equipped with BAE Systems Bofors UAB Lemur, armed with an 3-mm machine gun M12,7 HB.

In order to cover the front arc, on each side of the roof, groups of three launchers of 76-mm grenades were installed.

In order to increase the level of survivability, an active protection complex can be installed, for example, LEDs 150 (Land Electronic Defense System 150) of Saab.

As part of the extended tests of the Eagle V, a network was installed from RUAG Defense LASSO (Light Armot System against Shaped Ordnance), which protects against rocket-propelled grenade launchers.

The machine can be equipped with a wide range of additional equipment, including a system for protecting against weapons of mass destruction, pneumatic trailer brakes, towing brakes, a fire extinguishing system for the engine and a habitable compartment, various options for storage on the roof, weapon systems, anti-skid chains, a camera system and an energy management system. Subsystems, such as weapons modules, navigation systems, radio stations and operational control elements, which are usually supplied as part of government supplies, can also be integrated by GDELS-Mowag.


The Eagle V 4x4 and Eagle V 6x6 variants have many common components. Extended chassis allowed to get platforms with a large volume and carrying capacity that can perform an extended range of combat missions.


Sales of Eagle cars

Specialized options

The base machine Eagle V, as a rule, is used for reconnaissance and control and communication tasks, and depending on the specialized equipment on board, such as radio stations and operational control systems, the crew consists of 4 or 5 people.

In the armored cars of the Danish army Eagle IV and the German army Eagle IV and V communication equipment is located in a secure module accessible to the crew, which is installed on an unprotected cargo platform in the rear.

In addition to the basic four-door Eagle V configuration with four or five seats, the machine can also be equipped in the configuration of a pickup with a two-door cab. The pickup has a cargo platform behind the cab with folding sides, on which Tricon containers can be transported.

The sanitary version of the German Army Eagle IV, which was deployed in Afghanistan, is distinguished by a protected rear module and a stretcher loading and unloading device. This option has a single rear door that opens to the left.

The first contract for this car, issued in 2009, was an urgent operational requirement for 20 units. In 2011, he was followed by another contract for 22 machines. In the German army, these machines received the designation Eagle IV BAT.

The army also upgraded a number of its Eagle IV machines for equipment placement for special tasks. These include meteorological stations, systems with video recording equipment, a mine detection service configuration, and finally, the ADLER II German artillery command and control system.

Eagle IV / V armored cars can also transport Medium Trackway Bridge with 40 ton carrying capacity (MLC 40) manufactured by GDELS-Germany. The bridge is transported in sections in a trailer and assembled in spans the width of 4, 6 or 8 meters, which are induced in front of the car. After overcoming an obstacle, the bridge is quickly assembled.



Armored Eagle in the role of a bridge laying

The possibility of developing an option for special forces with an open top was also studied, since an increased level of awareness of the situation is necessary here. This option can be equipped with defensive arches, on which the turret is mounted with an 7,62-mm or 12,7-mm machine gun or an 40-mm grenade launcher.

In the Swiss Army, four Eagle V vehicles are used to support demining tasks. They are equipped with a Kongsberg Protector rooftop DBMS with an 12,7-mm M2 HB machine gun. One car delivered to the police for the protection of the airport Zurich.

The Eagle IV was also used in tests of robotic systems conducted under the leadership of the company in the 2012 year. At the initial stage, the car was equipped with a set of VERO, which allowed working either in a manned or remote configuration. Currently, work is underway to increase the autonomous capabilities of the machine.


The driver's seat of the Eagle V 4x4 is on the left, on the right, the seat of the commander. Right-hand drive versions of the Eagle V were also developed.


Eagle V 6x6 has a larger internal volume and carrying capacity compared to the 4x4 version and, accordingly, can perform a significantly wider range of combat missions. Pictured with optional rear wheel steering for maneuvering in confined spaces

Eagle V 6x6

At Eurosatory 2012, GDELS-Mowag displayed its latest generation Eagle V 6x6 LTV armored car. It has power and chassis components in common with the Eagle V 4x4, but its front end has been redone.

The 6x6 version has a total weight of up to 15 tons and is currently offered in various configurations, including secure cabins for two, four or five people, as well as various functional modules or load platforms.

In addition, there are configurations with a large protected cabin for use as an ambulance or for transporting personnel to 14 people.

According to GDELS-Mowag, the Eagle 6x6 LTV armored car has a carrying capacity of up to 6000 kg and a maximum protected volume of up to 16 m3.

This option is based on the chassis, chassis and suspension of the DURO III 6x6, and is characterized by permanent all-wheel drive, Torsen automatic differentials and a Cummins turbocharged diesel engine with 245 hp / 925 Nm or 285 hp / 970 Nm, connected with an Allison automatic transmission.

The protected and unprotected car DURO 6x6 was made in large quantities for the Swiss army, which operates a fleet of 200 machines that perform various tasks. In the Swiss army, including was put version of a protected ambulance.

The company GDELS-Mowag is currently engaged in mass production of the third batch of the protected version DURO 6x6 for the Swiss army. The first deliveries have already passed and production should continue until the 2017 year.

In the configuration of an armored personnel carrier a total of 420 machines were manufactured. They are equipped with a Kongsberg Protector DBMS, armed with an 12,7-mm machine gun M2 HB, installed by the company as part of government procurement.

In addition to the crew of two people, 11 (including the gunner) paratroopers are seated facing each other on energy absorbing seats that can be folded for the carriage of goods.

As usual, several options are offered for the Eagle V 6x6, including rear-wheel steering, which provides the same agility as the Eagle V 4xXNNUMX version.

The 6x6 model is designed to perform a wide range of combat missions, including an armored personnel carrier, an ambulance, a commander, a fuel / water tank, a recovery vehicle, a cargo conveyor, and many others. Cargo version with a rear platform with a folding side and a canvas cover for harboring cargo can carry standard containers.

In order to increase the internal volume of the roof behind the driver and the commander slightly raised.

Marines use a double door in the stern, which opens more mechanically, rather than using electricity or hydraulics. The lower part is folded down and steps are obtained, while the upper part with bullet-proof glass opens up (photo below).



The armored car will be equipped with a double-armored vehicle armed with an 7,62-mm or 12,7-mm machine guns or an 40-mm grenade launcher.

The sanitary option will have a crew consisting of a driver, a second driver / commander and two paramedics. Two stretchers are located on the sides, between them there is space for the medical staff. In addition, one stretcher can be replaced with three seats for sedentary patients.

This version with an optical-electronic station installed on a telescopic mast can also be used for reconnaissance missions.


The German army is armed with a fleet of protected Eagle IV 4x4 ambulances that were widely used in Afghanistan.



Comment

The production of the Eagle V armored car for the German army has now been completed, but GDELS-Mowag continues to offer this car on the market to other potential customers.

The development of the Eagle V in the 6x6 configuration means that GDELS-Mowag can offer potential customers a complete family of machines with common components of the power plant and chassis in order to reduce the cost of the entire lifetime, as well as training crews.

This family of machines also provides the same levels of protection and mobility, allowing you to perform joint tasks.

GDELS-Mowag will offer the UK not only its Ocelot armored car, which is in service with the British army under the designation Foxhound, but possibly also the Eagle V armored car in both configurations in order to meet the requirements of the British Army for a multi-purpose armored car Multi Role Vehicle-Protected.

The increased capacity and carrying capacity of the 6x6 version can be especially useful in sanitary and evacuation configurations.














Hypostases of the Eagle IV / V family

Materials used:
www.gdels.com
www.wikipedia.org
www.saabgroup.com
www.wikipedia.ru
www.weaponscollection.com
www.armyrecognition.com
www.military-today.com
www.w54.biz
www.miltechmag.com
Author:
24 comments
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  1. Cympak
    Cympak 8 February 2016 08: 36
    +1
    We are waiting, we are waiting for our modular "Wolf".
    1. cosmos111
      cosmos111 8 February 2016 10: 29
      +4
      Quote: Cympak
      We are waiting, we are waiting for our modular "Wolf".

      wait but don’t wait .....
      great article good
      the most modern multi-purpose high-tech and protected BBM ....
      it is practically a European analogue of the American JLTV program ....
      and, Swiss, by TTX surpassed the American OSKOSH A-TV (winner of the JLTV program)
  2. Nikolay71
    Nikolay71 8 February 2016 08: 42
    +2
    Interesting cars. It would be nice to experience on our off-road how their self-locking differential and lower gear will show themselves.
    1. HUMAN OWNER 1
      HUMAN OWNER 1 8 February 2016 13: 16
      -1
      Apparently, they have automatic boxes. So in mud and off-road, the limited-slip differential and lower gear will not help them much. These are not SUVs, but SUVs.
      1. otto meer
        otto meer 8 February 2016 16: 04
        0
        Quote: GODRICHNIK 1
        Apparently, they have automatic boxes. So in mud and off-road, the limited-slip differential and lower gear will not help them much.
        And let me be curious, why did you come to this conclusion? Why do you think that the presence of automatic transmission makes the car "off-road vehicle"? And if on the contrary, is a car with a manual transmission a real "SUV"? If not difficult, please justify.
        1. HUMAN OWNER 1
          HUMAN OWNER 1 9 February 2016 00: 12
          0
          Caught up with these pseudo SUVs with automatic transmission a little washed up and everything came neither self-blocking nor a lowering does not really help (remember at least the last American exercises when their super haamers stayed on the beach to sunbathe smile ) .And about manual transmission, try to swing the car with automatic transmission when one of the axles fell into the ditch, not to mention both. And I very much doubt that this device will crawl where the GAZ-66 is!
          1. otto meer
            otto meer 9 February 2016 09: 17
            -2
            Automatic transmission
            Quote: GODRICHNIK 1
            Bumped with these pseudo SUVs with automatic transmission
            Well, but for example the Chevrolet Blazer K5, in your opinion, is also a pseudo-SUV? After all, there is so automatic transmission not beloved by you (TH350). And regardless of this, this unit will break any modern jeep like an ace warmer. Does the RTI Index tell you anything?
            Quote: GODRICHNIK 1
            remember at least the last American exercises when their super hamers stayed on the beach to sunbathe
            And what does this tell us? I can recall hundreds of times when the Army 469 was completely helpless. So what? HMMWV-M998 is still a cut above any army UAZ, even without looking at the machine gun.
            Quote: GODRICHNIK 1
            try to swing the car with automatic transmission when one of the axles burst into the ditch
            Maybe I’ll tell you a secret, but on the machine it is even easier to do than on the mechanics. Locking the CD (if not part time), automatic transmission selector in 1L or 1-2 and smoothly, the benefit of automatic transmission and motor 5,7, everything is very simple. The same thing on the manual transmission - burned clutches. If there is not enough traction or it sank to the bottom, then it’s never a matter of automatic transmission or manual transmission request
            Quote: GODRICHNIK 1
            And I VERY doubt that this device will crawl where the GAZ-66 is!
            Until we see, we do not know what to guess. But for example, Fore Wheel Drive HAR-03 Shishige will not "merge" exactly, but there is a whole epoch between them. yes
            1. HUMAN OWNER 1
              HUMAN OWNER 1 9 February 2016 12: 49
              0
              Quote: otto meer
              And what does this tell us? I can recall hundreds of times when the Army 469 was completely helpless. So what? HMMWV-M998 is still a cut above any army UAZ, even without looking at the machine gun.

              Well, firstly, it is not correct to compare the hamer with the UAZ, the TTX hamer is much closer to the GAZ-66, because. these were originally both trucks. And about cross-country ability, literally in the fall, he pulled a hamer (prepared for the offrod) from a fresh arable land, he wanted to cut the goat through the field after the goat.
      2. Megatron
        Megatron 8 February 2016 21: 02
        0
        It's time to stop living the last century, believing that without a manual transmission, a jeep is no longer a jeep.
        1. Valga
          Valga 9 February 2016 01: 16
          +2
          Yes, at least a couple of centuries ahead, an experienced driver will still prefer to independently control off-road movement.
          1. otto meer
            otto meer 9 February 2016 09: 19
            -1
            Quote: Valga
            an experienced driver will still prefer to independently control the movement

            And with automatic transmission for it does someone else do it?
            1. otto meer
              otto meer 9 February 2016 12: 07
              0
              Aha ha! Cons set! Here's a kindergarten then! I think it happened like this. A man bought a car with automatic transmission, bought the last, cool same. Then the ship’s ship broke down, or he, out of ignorance, ditched and voila! Ready hater! And judging by the number of minuses there are two of them lol
              1. Megatron
                Megatron 9 February 2016 12: 23
                0
                Yeah, if a person is dyrak, then ... you can break a dope.
                In the same way, fools burn the clutch every year and constantly change it.
              2. HUMAN OWNER 1
                HUMAN OWNER 1 9 February 2016 13: 15
                +1
                Quote: otto meer
                I think it happened like this. A man bought a car with automatic transmission, bought the last, cool same.

                You are wrong no one hates automatic transmission is a great thing, my wife drives a grand Vitara with automatic transmission and I am happy sometimes and use it myself. As for Finance, you better consider yours and don’t look into other people's wallets negative you are our millionaire wink
                1. otto meer
                  otto meer 9 February 2016 15: 53
                  0
                  Quote: GODRICHNIK 1
                  As for Finance, you’d better count yours, but don’t look into other people's wallets
                  Why did it hurt you so much? Burned? Only here on NG holidays one "clear kid" arrived on the Link Navigator with a "slightly flimsy box". Two days later, having learned the price of repairs from a "clear kid" turned into a "poor student", having lost all his aplomb. And there are hundreds of such cases in my practice.
                  He didn’t want to offend or humiliate anyone. I express only my thought. Let your wife, on her GV, travel more than one hundred thousand without breakdowns and with pleasure.
                  Quote: GODRICHNIK 1
                  What about Finance

                  Quote: GODRICHNIK 1
                  you are our millionaire

                  Quote: GODRICHNIK 1
                  you better count yours, but don’t look into other people's wallets
                  It’s not a shame to be rich. yes
  3. otto meer
    otto meer 8 February 2016 10: 04
    -2
    Great translation article. Only here are some points that raise questions. For instance:
    The chassis also has a Torsen limited-slip differential.
    I would like to know in which place? Is it cross-axle or center-to-axle? It is important.
    Watt's mechanism ensures that the wheels always remain in contact with the ground when driving over rough terrain.
    How can a lateral displacement stabilizer guarantee constant contact of the wheels with the ground?
    differs by bridges like de Dion
    front axle also de Dion? It’s strange.
    The driver and commander are located behind the engine compartment.
    Maybe all the same for and over the MTO? And then MTO is somehow not correct, it is not there.
    Well and so, on trifles. Although the car is probably good. Only in my opinion overweight.
  4. tchoni
    tchoni 8 February 2016 10: 17
    0
    Funny pickup truck. For fishing - that’s it ... :-)
    1. cosmos111
      cosmos111 8 February 2016 10: 42
      +1
      Quote: tchoni
      Funny pickup truck. For fishing - that’s it ... :-)

      we don’t have one and will not appear soon .....
      Well, this is an easy multipurpose BBM, with the wheel formula 4x4 and 6x6 ...
      for any tasks, patrolling, reconnaissance, light weapons carrier, etc ...
      in the west there is a trend: they take a proven cargo chassis or an independent suspension ........ and put an armored capsule on it, the protection of which can be enhanced at the request of the customer .....
      MTO, only important nodes are booked, on the bottom is a removable armor plate ....
      armored capsule from Morgan Motor Company ....


      info from: http: //topwar.ru/84964-razmyshleniya-o-stalnoy-i-kompozicionnoy-brone.html
      1. cosmos111
        cosmos111 8 February 2016 11: 30
        0
        in the subject of this technology .....
        engine running transmission, produced locally, from nodes whose technology firms are applied on this BBM ...
        or taken completely, the base of the truck ....
        and an armored capsule is ordered from a specialized company for it ...
        British company MTL ordered 1.800 sets of armored vehicles WEC for NIMR ..... so, no more no less ....
        1. cosmos111
          cosmos111 8 February 2016 14: 15
          +2
          and, this is not the first contract with leading manufacturers of BBM.
          MRAP MAMBA DENEL, armored hull from MTL Group ...



          technology from MTL Group, milking armored bottom ....
      2. tchoni
        tchoni 8 February 2016 16: 04
        0
        Hi Andrew! I understand your favorite topic is light bm. One could argue that the Russian Socialist Revolutionary Federation already has something like the "Tiger" and other "lynxes" with "hummocks" and "wolves". But alas and ah, I have to agree. For these things are built according to a slightly different ideology, being rather armored muzzles, designed to transport a squad in conditions of the possibility of firing from light weapons, rather than vehicles of mobile tactical groups focused on raider operations.
        But maybe MO is not needed?
        1. cosmos111
          cosmos111 8 February 2016 18: 26
          0
          Eugene. hi
          two questions 1. why 2. why so and not otherwise ...

          1. reduce the price of armored vehicles (on elements of commercial trucks, or on proven independent suspensions ... and there are only 3 world companies: AxleTech International, Timoney Technologies, Meritor's ProTec suspension ...

          2. Using armored capsule technology, the rest is either not armored at all, or partially STANAG 1, maximum. Reduces the weight of the BBM, increases its security and maintainability.

          our "light" armored vehicles will always be heavier than their Western counterparts and, worse protected, especially in terms of mine protection.

          for MO, I won’t say anything, AND THE RUSSIAN ARMY needs a lightweight, highly-protected multipurpose BBM, with the wheel formula 4x4 and 6x6.
  5. Zaurbek
    Zaurbek 8 February 2016 16: 33
    0
    I don’t understand, the country that created Unimog and many other technical devices, why is it buying equipment from the USA? And the diesel there is Cummins!
    1. cosmos111
      cosmos111 8 February 2016 18: 35
      0
      Quote: Zaurbek
      Cummins!

      Cummins, Allison Automatic, etc ...