Military Review

Superiority: Rheinmetall boosts tank firepower

53
Superiority: Rheinmetall boosts tank firepower

Lightweight Rheinmetall RH 120 LLR L / 47 120 mm smoothbore gun on a test bench; foreground ejection (for purging the barrel bore) device and slit muzzle brake


Rheinmetall Defense smoothbore guns L / 44 and L / 55 and a wide range of ammunition besides Russian and Chinese platforms became the de facto preferred 120-mm weapon for most operators tanks.

However, since Russia continues to present more and more effective weapons and shells to the public, a moment will soon come when even the L / 55 cannon and its ammunition will need to be replaced.

In order to correct this situation, Rheinmetall began research in this direction. It is assumed that the new gun will have a caliber of 130 mm, and the projectile will be fed by an automatic loader; This will increase the rate of fire and will reduce the crew of the main battle tank (MBT) to the commander, gunner and driver.

Some sources suggest that this new weapon can be installed in a completely new machine, which may replace the German tank Leopard 2 and the French tank Leclerc, developed by the recently united companies Krauss-Maffei Wegmann and Nexter Systems.

Meanwhile, Rheinmetall Weapon and Munition is working on new projects to further develop the current set of 120-mm ammunition for existing L / 44 and L / 55 cannons, mainly at their own expense.

Werner Kramer, President of Rheinmetall Waffe Munition, said: “While we receive some government funding for research and development, we have always made significant investments with our own funds and therefore we can meet the future requirements of local and foreign customers.”

For example, the low effectiveness of the original DM12 HEAT-MP-T multi-Purpose (TR-Multi-Explosive Anti-Tank) universal anti-tank projectiles against targets prevailing in counterinsurgency operations led to the development of DM2011 ammunition in 11.

Ammunition DM11 has an insensitive high-explosive fragmentation warhead containing a mixture of steel fragments and fragments of a heavier metal (no information). It can be programmed in modes - air blast, shock or delayed - which allows you to fight enemy groups with anti-tank weapons and dismounted infantry at extended ranges, and also allows you to pierce concrete walls with double reinforcement.


Ammunition DM11 manufactured by Rheinmetall Weapon and Munition

According to the company, programming the projectile in the charging chamber is a unique feature. For standard guns, the mode is usually set manually, but the breech can also be modified to enable automatic programming using the fire control system created by Rheinmetall Defense Electronics.

The DM11 feathered projectile has a maximum range of up to 5000 meters and is currently being mass-produced. The US Marine Corps was the launch customer, ordering ammunition for its MBN M1A1 Abrams, and then began to receive orders from the operators of the MBT Leopard 2.


The newest version of the Leopard 2A7 + is armed with a smooth bore L / 55 cannon, which can shoot a variety of ammunition. Russia declares that the armor of the new Armata tank can protect against the majority of modern projectiles and therefore the company Rheinmetall is looking for further ways to improve armor penetration.

American competition

The US Army, meanwhile, is holding its own competition for the 120-mm Advanced Advanced Multipurpose Universal Projectile (AMP) XM1147, seeking to replace the four existing 120-mm projectiles with a single system. This projectile will fire a M256 smooth-bore gun on the M1A1 / M1A2 Abrams tank, which is a variant of the Rheinmetall L / 120 44-gun, manufactured under license from Watervliet Arsenal.

Since only local manufacturers can apply for XM1147, Rheinmetall has teamed up with General Dynamics Ordnance and Tactical Systems (GDOTS), and its AMP projectile will be based on the current DM11 serial ammunition, optimized for the needs of the US Army.

Rheinmetall has worked closely with GDOTS for many years in the export of 120-mm armor-piercing sub-caliber ammunition with APFSDS-T (Armour-Piercing Fin-Stabilized Discarding Sabot -Tracer) separating pallet.

The M120 829-mm armor-piercing shells have a depleted uranium core and are not currently being exported, so export cores of traditional material will be supplied by Rheinmetall.

The American Army Program XM1147 is implemented by the contract management of the American Army on behalf of the Program Manager for Maneuver Ammunition Systems ammunition systems.


DM11 has been optimized for counterinsurgency operations; its programmable fuse allows you to fight a variety of purposes


Rheinmetall Company is working on a new projectile with better armor penetration compared to a DM63 shot (in the photo)

Forward movement

In July 2015, two contractors, GDOTS and Orbital ATK, received a contract for 18 months worth 16 million dollars for the first phase of development and production (EMD 1), followed by the selection of one contractor for the second phase EMD Phase 2.

It, in turn, will be followed by annual contracts for primary and mass production; thus, the total duration of the program will be seven years (subject to continuous funding).

Rheinmetall has so far developed six generations of APFSDS-T type ammunition. The first generation DM13 was followed by the DM23, DM33, DM43, DM53 and DM63 variants. These options have better armor piercing characteristics as a result of a larger ratio of length to diameter and the use of more modern materials. The existing DM53 projectiles were upgraded to match the DM63 specifications to be DM53A1.

DM63 is a latest generation armor-piercing piercing projectile. It has an initial speed of 1650 m / s when shooting from an L / 44 cannon of a Leopard 2A4 and 1720 m / s when shooting from a longer L / 55 cannon mounted on Leopard 2A6 and 2A7. The main feature of DM63 is that they can be fired in the temperature range from -46 ° C to + 71 ° C (climatic zones from C2 to A1) without any deterioration of the ballistic characteristics on the final trajectory, unlike previous projectiles, whose characteristics deteriorated at high ambient temperatures.

A temperature-independent propellant TIPS (temperature-independent propellant system) also (reportedly) significantly reduces barrel wear, especially when shooting at high temperatures. Rheinmetall is currently doing work that could eventually lead to a new APFSDS-T projectile with increased armor-piercing characteristics. The exact details of these improvements have not yet been disclosed. Since this projectile is developed by the company on its own initiative and has not yet been classified by type by the German Ministry of Defense, it does not have the DM prefix, but when using the internal codification of the company, it can be designated RH73.

Light hit

Rheinmetall confirmed that although no contract has yet been obtained, it is still working on its smooth bore tank gun for lighter tracked and wheeled armored vehicles.

A source in the company said that the armament known as the Rheinmetall RH 120 LLR (Light Low Recoil - lightweight lightly recoiled) L / 47 cannon is currently at the 5 technological readiness level, which is equivalent to a technological demonstration of typical weapons in specified environmental conditions .

Work on the new weapons began in 2003, adding fire power to platforms such as the CV90-120T from BAE Systems Hagglunds and the Polish concept of the PL-01 tank, which was first shown at the end of the 2013 year. These two cars showed the flexibility of the cannon design, since in the CV90 it will be manual loading, and in the PL-01 the loading will come from two six-row turret-type stores.



Polish-British concept tank PL-01

The barrel and the bolt mechanism RH 120 LLR L / 47 are made of steel, which has a greater yield strength and high fatigue strength compared to the steel of the current gun L / 55; they were originally developed for ammunition prospective MBT FMTA (Future Main Tank Armament).

The gun also features a new rollback system, which has an 635 mm stroke compared to the 340 mm stroke of the original L / 44 gun, and a slit muzzle brake, which partially absorbs the shot energy when fired, which allows it to be installed on smaller platforms.

Other features include a system for accounting for the thermal bending of the gun barrel and a lighter electric shutter mechanism.

Comment

Design, development and production of tank guns and related ammunition is a very complex process, especially for armor-piercing sub-caliber (APFSDS). However, the evolution of katana homogeneous armor, which itself gave rise to more complex solutions in the field of passive and dynamic protection, gives impetus to the development of new ammunition designed to defeat it.

Although the development of the new 130-mm cannon and the new RH73 ammunition from Rheinmetall has been going on for some time, information on them soon after the appearance of the Russian tanks Armat T-14, whose armor can withstand some DM53 and DM63 ammunition, is hardly possible be considered a coincidence.

Materials used:
www.rheinmetall.com
www.baesystems.com
www.rheinmetall-defence.com
www.wikipedia.org
www.facebook.com
53 comments
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  1. ovod84
    ovod84 4 February 2016 06: 15 New
    +2
    Arms Race Underway
    1. Alex_Rarog
      Alex_Rarog 4 February 2016 07: 07 New
      +5
      Now they are catching up it pleases ...
      1. yushch
        yushch 4 February 2016 10: 38 New
        +6
        Quote: Alex_Rarog
        Now they are catching up it pleases ...


        Attacks will always be ahead of defenses. It will be possible to agree with the statement of our experts about the armor of Almaty only after real tests and the results of firing from a German cannon and ammunition at the firing range.
      2. NEXUS
        NEXUS 4 February 2016 17: 58 New
        +1
        Quote: Alex_Rarog
        Now they are catching up it pleases ...

        The issue of a 150 mm cannon for Almaty is becoming more and more relevant. And I think that soon this will be seriously discussed.
    2. user
      user 4 February 2016 13: 47 New
      +1
      It is assumed that the new gun will have a caliber of 130 mm


      Well, the time has come to return to the caliber of 140 mm (remember one of the options for the Black Eagle), and even better to 152 mm (there is a wide range of shots, and a high-explosive action. UX)
      1. Skifotavr
        Skifotavr 4 February 2016 21: 37 New
        0
        Quote: user
        It is assumed that the new gun will have a caliber of 130 mm


        Well, the time has come to return to the caliber of 140 mm (remember one of the options for the Black Eagle), and even better to 152 mm (there is a wide range of shots, and a high-explosive action. UX)

        They have long been going to switch to a caliber of 140 mm. So 130 mm is some kind of disinformation.
  2. prosto_rgb
    prosto_rgb 4 February 2016 06: 16 New
    +1
    The Germans, as always, are in shock.
    Well done.
    1. Dewa1s
      Dewa1s 4 February 2016 09: 04 New
      0
      In general, beauties, given the fact that they are making a new gun as an answer to Armata - how can one not be happy for them?
      If only everything worked out and they killed more of our compatriots - then there will be joy, right?
  3. Bayonet
    Bayonet 4 February 2016 06: 25 New
    22
    PL-01 is straight out of Star Wars! smile That's just what will happen to the chassis after the mud? And even if there is frost, then the caterpillars will definitely not turn!
    1. Andrey Yuryevich
      Andrey Yuryevich 4 February 2016 06: 37 New
      18
      Quote: Bayonet
      That's just what will happen to the chassis after the mud?

      nothing will be, and the dirt too will remain a concept ... yes
    2. Agent_017
      Agent_017 4 February 2016 06: 41 New
      +8
      It can be seen that this tank will only fight on concrete fields, it is even worthless in urban battles. Believe me, our taxi drivers in Gazelki carry passengers off-road to suburban areas much cooler, and there are decent pits in cities .. So we put a gun on Gazelka and sell the development to these geniuses ... laughing
      1. Andrey Yuryevich
        Andrey Yuryevich 4 February 2016 08: 54 New
        +2
        Quote: Agent_017
        Believe our taxi drivers on Gazelles are much cooler

        all-wheel drive "sable" ...
    3. Pereira
      Pereira 4 February 2016 08: 23 New
      +2
      Since they put such a running gear, therefore they are not going to fight in Russia.
      1. Forest
        Forest 4 February 2016 10: 02 New
        0
        In the BMP, the tracks are generally very narrow, but this does not prevent her from passing wherever she needs. And in cities there are no impassable swamps.
        1. would
          would 5 February 2016 01: 24 New
          +1
          It's only worth remembering the weight of the BMP ...
          1. Forest
            Forest 5 February 2016 09: 55 New
            0
            But the tracks are wider, and the engine is more powerful.
    4. would
      would 4 February 2016 08: 47 New
      +3
      So this is a concept, an attractive hypothetical design that most likely will never go into the series and I have an opinion what the designers did, and not the designers. Just like a concept car. Even if we assume that Polska will ever launch the PL-01 in a series, its appearance will seriously change because it will be made by designers and engineers under real conditions, and not for beautiful and futuristic.
      1. sgazeev
        sgazeev 4 February 2016 11: 32 New
        +1
        Quote: rait
        So this is a concept, an attractive hypothetical design that most likely will never go into the series and I have an opinion what the designers did, and not the designers. Just like a concept car. Even if we assume that Polska will ever launch the PL-01 in a series, its appearance will seriously change because it will be made by designers and engineers under real conditions, and not for beautiful and futuristic.
      2. would
        would 5 February 2016 01: 29 New
        +1
        Just like a concept car.


        However, I guessed and was at least a concept car with closed wheels. Audi RSQ. That is, the reception of maximum concealment of the mover is not new in concepts.
    5. lis-ik
      lis-ik 4 February 2016 11: 11 New
      +1
      And they already had the experience of frozen mud in staggered skating rinks during the Second World War, probably the experience didn’t go for the future.
    6. The comment was deleted.
    7. sgazeev
      sgazeev 4 February 2016 11: 25 New
      -1
      Quote: Bayonet
      PL-01 is straight out of Star Wars! smile That's just what will happen to the chassis after the mud? And even if there is frost, then the caterpillars will definitely not turn!

      They won’t reach the frosts. Because the little shavens are already croaking that the Aglitsky fleet is being torn apart by the Russians, and they will wait for pendosia to make an answer. The suspension is good for autobahns. wassat
    8. ordinary
      ordinary 4 February 2016 18: 07 New
      0
      Well ... in Poland it will pass .. am
    9. The comment was deleted.
    10. Nova
      Nova 4 February 2016 19: 40 New
      +1
      It is worth remembering that this "concept" is a plastic-covered Swedish light tank CV 90-120
  4. inkass_98
    inkass_98 4 February 2016 07: 08 New
    0
    The PL-01 is clearly not a tank, even a light one, the suspension is very similar to the BMP, from where, most likely, it was lapped. Nobody calls "Octopus" a tank, it is a self-propelled gun for the Airborne Forces, that's a miracle of the Polish military genius from the same opera. If it comes to the series, it will be very different from the concept - cross-country ability and swampy terrain is by no means the strongest side of this pepelats.
    1. dorogvalera
      dorogvalera 4 February 2016 16: 21 New
      0
      but in space it would look beautiful. winked
  5. Terner38
    Terner38 4 February 2016 07: 09 New
    +8
    When working in tool production, you are very clearly aware that in the event of a real long-playing conflict, the whole war will abruptly move to the cave level after the end of the ammunition in warehouses. Since to produce these miracles of design thought in wartime in appropriate quantities, even the Germans and others like them will be more than problematic ...
  6. gla172
    gla172 4 February 2016 07: 53 New
    +2
    Quote: Bayonet
    That's just what will happen to the chassis after the mud? And even if there is frost, then the caterpillars will definitely not turn!



    Doesn’t it remind of anything? ... Tigers, panthers with their staggered arrangement of skating rinks ....
  7. 31rus
    31rus 4 February 2016 09: 01 New
    +1
    Dear, here it should be noted the development of the gun and the ammunition for it, that is, the complex, however, our developers announced the work on promising guns with a new type of automatic loader caliber 152mm, with fully automatic or remote control
  8. Zaurbek
    Zaurbek 4 February 2016 09: 14 New
    0
    152mm excess gauge, it seems to me. The recoil, the weight of the gun, the amount of ammunition carried, the existence of worthy goals raise questions. The optimal caliber for a smoothbore gun is 130-140mm. 125mm gun, subject to modernization will be relevant for a long time. Hard to resist it can machines weighing 55-65 tons. Heavier cars will not be, a qualitative leap in booking? or development of KAZ. I don’t know about armor, but if KAZ will be able to shoot down 125mm BPS, then it will bring down 152mm. This will help the transition to liquid propellants or EM, to increase the speed of BPS. The 152mm has undeniable advantages - the ability to launch modern PTR and a very powerful HE projectile through the barrel.
  9. Black Colonel
    Black Colonel 4 February 2016 09: 15 New
    -1
    "... and the slotted muzzle brake ..."
    I wonder how much the crew of a tank with such a gun will feel confident after the first shot? As far as I know, the muzzle brake is a unmasking element when firing, because in the war no one canceled dust, snow and other bulk materials. belay
    1. Forest
      Forest 4 February 2016 10: 03 New
      +2
      A shot of an 120-mm gun itself unmasks everything and everyone.
    2. hartlend
      hartlend 4 February 2016 11: 19 New
      0
      The muzzle brake primarily impairs firing accuracy. For powerful guns, a muzzle wave will be a unmasking factor in any case.
  10. the47th
    the47th 4 February 2016 09: 24 New
    +3
    It's funny, until May 9, 2014, Western manufacturers leisurely designed new beauties for tanks, and counted the number of battle bears and PCA in the RF Armed Forces. And then suddenly: "Oh my God! We are far behind! We urgently need to do something!" And yes, the Germans are great, they were able to shove a 120-mm cannon into a 30-ton tank. But our design bureaus stuffed the same cannon into an 18-ton amphibious airborne self-propelled gun.
  11. GEV67
    GEV67 4 February 2016 09: 26 New
    +1
    Have seen enough of fiction ....
  12. uskrabut
    uskrabut 4 February 2016 09: 31 New
    +2
    Beautiful pepelats, straight maseratti! Now, if evonny TTX wrote, then you can discuss, and so only aesthetic perception and nothing more.
    1. Bersaglieri
      Bersaglieri 4 February 2016 10: 40 New
      -1
      The PL-1 is a stealthy development of the Anders light tank concept.

      https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/WPB_Anders

      In the picture, this is how "dad" looked without "makeup" :)


      The tactical niche is about the same as that of our Sprut-SD
      1. silver_roman
        silver_roman 4 February 2016 13: 07 New
        0
        it is only suitable for Hollywood films. laughing
        besides, the Poles are the "strongest" gunsmiths. wassat
        Britons, of course, were originally legislators, but now the British tank school is not unique and advanced. Objectively, the Germans and us had the best tanks. Everything else is a parody!
      2. code54
        code54 11 February 2016 22: 42 New
        0
        Nova RU February 4, 2016 19:40 ↑
        It is worth remembering that this "concept" is a plastic-covered Swedish light tank CV 90-120
  13. Bersaglieri
    Bersaglieri 4 February 2016 10: 38 New
    +1
    Good gun. But 2M83 is better.
    However, do not rest on our laurels; we must work ahead of schedule.
  14. Mikhail Krapivin
    Mikhail Krapivin 4 February 2016 11: 07 New
    +1
    Yes, the Poles are well-known specialists in tanks. "Three Poles, a Georgian and a Dog" is generally the most formidable tank crew in history :)
  15. hartlend
    hartlend 4 February 2016 11: 13 New
    +2
    The article poured a pile of specialized information on a layman who did not know the features of tank building and tank guns. As a virtue, the presence of an automatic loader is presented, in the Union he appeared on the T-64. The muzzle brake on tank guns - sucks, also an increase in the length of the rollback. What else to do with old 120 mm caliber ammunition? Also questionable is the ability to make a new tank, even jointly. Currently, the West has been greatly degraded, the United States no longer produces abrams, they only repair the old ones. It is one thing to call article superiority and another to achieve real superiority.
  16. Skym
    Skym 4 February 2016 11: 40 New
    -1
    Endless competition of shield and sword. So it was, it is, it will always be so. Endless arms race. We will come up with a defense, they are a shell. We are again a new defense. And vice versa - they are protection, and we are a new shell. All is natural.

    I’m here as one amateur is interested in one thing. If, nevertheless, a 14 mm gun is installed on the T-152, then with modern electronics, can the T-14 become even more universal and take on some of the functions of self-propelled guns?
    Or UVNs there are still not the same, and you need to develop a special battle supply that would fly as far and exactly as the self-propelled guns ??
    1. sinoptic
      sinoptic 4 February 2016 12: 37 New
      0
      It is unlikely that the tank will take on the functions of self-propelled guns, they have different tasks and, I think, will be different ammunition.

      Probably, when using a 152mm gun, you can not put armor on an enemy tank.
      Surely, people will die / get injured from shock loads.

      Somewhere there was infa that when a 152 mm shell hits an existing tank, the armor does not even break through, it breaks.
      A break of 1-1.5 meters is formed.
      Imagine what a monstrous power.
      1. Skym
        Skym 4 February 2016 12: 46 New
        0
        I hope that they will bring to mind and put 152mm.
        1. castle
          castle 4 February 2016 14: 30 New
          0
          Then it will be necessary to put two loaders. The gun will be loaded together (weight - what will it be), first a shell, then a shell with a powder or cotton charge or an additional (again I repeat that I am not an expert on the Russian language), etc., etc. and all this, in motion. It will be necessary to provide jobs for the guys in the tank’s tower, but what if the automatic loader is put in there with the proper ammunition? What will the tank tower look like? What am I saying !? What will the whole tank look like? How is a tracked cruiser? There you also need to put a strong motor and a transmission, and for all this you need to provide a place. You can, of course, build such a miracle, but now, the VET, both in Russia and in other armies, knows how to kill any tank monsters.
      2. The comment was deleted.
      3. Zaurbek
        Zaurbek 4 February 2016 19: 53 New
        0
        BPS and HE shell are two different things ... And their effects are different ...
    2. psiho117
      psiho117 4 February 2016 17: 48 New
      +1
      Quote: SkyM
      If, nevertheless, a 14 mm gun is installed on the T-152, then with modern electronics, can the T-14 become even more universal and take on some of the functions of self-propelled guns?

      From a technical point of view, this does not present a particular problem - the question is, is it necessary?
      Giving a tank gun the ability to conduct mounted fire will be accompanied by a number of problems:
      1) increased requirements for crew training (and the associated appreciation and increase in training duration).
      2) introduction to the tank SLA add. parameters and instruments for the calculation of mounted fire (and as a consequence - p. 1).
      3) the connection of the tank to the artillery fire control network (someone must give orders and target designation for mounted fire) and the problems inevitably associated with this: to whom the tank is now subordinate, what combat mission to give priority to and what type of fire impact it applies. And anyway, is he now an SPG, or a tank? That's because hemorrhoids to the commander ...
      4) problems with refitting the BO — it’s no secret that tanks have problems with raising the gun higher — it bumps against the floor with a breech, so you have to remodel the tower into a barn like an SPG.
      5) well, it’s commonplace - any universal system will be worse than a highly specialized one in a number of parameters, so I don’t think that you need to mix a hedgehog and hedgehog - separately a tank and self-propelled guns are much more effective than in a hybrid.
      1. Lieutenant colonel
        Lieutenant colonel 5 February 2016 02: 30 New
        +1
        Are you probably a specialist in tanks? What cars did you study? I'm 80-k, and you?
        I was taught in a tank school to shoot at the maximum range. And for this we used a protractor installed on the breech of the gun and an azimuth indicator. The location was calculated using the map, the command was given by the HF. Shooting was carried out by the OFS at a distance of up to 10000 meters. And somehow the breech did not rest against the "floor" and the calculations were carried out (gemorno this - I agree) and the task was - concentrated TV fire at the maximum range (almost artillery), the range of course was not exactly 10 meters, less, but not less than 000 meters ...
        So what is the essence of the problem of firing a tank at maximum range?
        Well, except for the lack of artillery SLA?
        If you strain - I will solve this fire problem now. This is about the preparation and its duration.
        1. psiho117
          psiho117 5 February 2016 15: 30 New
          +1
          Quote: Lieutenant Colonel
          Are you probably a specialist in tanks?
          Unfortunately, no - just keen on hi My VUS is far from armored vehicles, and I myself have not come out with dimensions for it.

          I was taught in a tank school to shoot at the maximum range ... at a distance of up to 10000 meters. And somehow the breech did not rest against the "floor"
          So what is the essence of the problem of firing a tank at maximum range?

          It seems we are seeing this problem from different angles.
          No, the problem is not firing at maximum range. The problem is firing along a hinged path. Feel the difference?
          I have no doubt that with some preparation the tank can raise the gun by 25 degrees and conduct ballistic firing at a distance greater than a direct shot (and with a bit of luck, even hit something there). Not so long ago, Israeli tankers once again demonstrated similar things.
          But this is not the question - but in firing "at mortar", with the aim of hitting targets not at 8 km and with fifteen-minute calculations, but closer, but inaccessible to a direct shot. For example - a mortar behind an embankment, a calculation on the roof of a high-rise building, etc.
          But this, as I said, will require a significant increase in the maximum elevation angle of the tank gun, re-arrangement of the tower, alteration of the automatic loader, and the idea is to reduce the charge, well, and similar problems.
          In general, I think that the game is not worth the candle ...
          1. Lieutenant colonel
            Lieutenant colonel 6 February 2016 02: 03 New
            0
            With this approach, it is not clear - why do we need mortar units? Is it then to hit something on the roof and behind the back slope?
            Tanks are designed to destroy heavily armored targets on the battlefield - this is their main task, carried out both together with infantry units and independently !!!!! Destruction of enemy tanks !!!! And not mortar batteries and enemy firing points! This is a task - but not the main one for tanks. The destruction of light PTS on the battlefield is the task of the accompanying infantry tanks and their fire weapons. This is in classic combat. In a "guerrilla" war, tanks EXERCISE fire support for the actions of infantry units, destroying (suppressing) priority targets on the battlefield, both independently identified and at the request of infantry units, typical targets are enemy tanks and armored vehicles, long-term and fortified structures and positions enemy located at direct firing ranges, all other targets are transferred for fire action either by artillery and, in some cases, by aviation.
            There is no need to assign the tasks of artillery units to tank units. And about the elevation of the guns, it was our tankers who came up with the idea of ​​driving tanks to small elevations (natural and artificial) to increase the angle of elevation of the tank gun, how do I know? So I was taught this at the Blagoveshchensk Higher Tank Command Red Banner School. I do not boast - I am proud that he graduated and how well we were taught!
            And by the way - the calculations are carried out not 15 minutes but much faster. Sincerely.
        2. Zaurbek
          Zaurbek 5 February 2016 17: 01 New
          0
          The problem is the accuracy and weight of explosives in the shell for a smoothbore gun ... compared to the usual rifled.
      2. Skym
        Skym 5 February 2016 21: 31 New
        0
        Thank you very much for the informative and interesting answer. I enjoyed reading it a lot.
  17. gregor6549
    gregor6549 4 February 2016 15: 41 New
    0
    Another proof that life does not stand still and that not only Russian but also Western machine tool builders are concerned about the effectiveness of the tanks they create. At the same time, along with increasing the effectiveness of the "shooters" in the West, no less and even more attention is paid to "network-centric wars" and related technologies that provide an increase in the awareness of each combatant about the tactical situation, the exchange of information about this situation between these participants, the issuance of target designations and teams, etc. In this case, a target that poses a threat to a tank, for example, can be "transferred to service" to a fire support helicopter or an attack aircraft, and air defense systems that pose a threat to aviation can be identified as priority targets for suppressing a court of troops by fire means.
    If we return to the Leopard, today its latest modifications are one of the most powerful tanks focused primarily on the use of the European theater and underestimating such an animal is also dangerous as it was underestimating the Tigers during the Second World War.
  18. Redfox3k
    Redfox3k 4 February 2016 19: 43 New
    0
    Quote: gregor6549
    ..... the use of the European theater of war and underestimating such a beast is also dangerous as it was underestimating the Tigers during the Second World War.


    It seems to me that modern leopards will not even reach the front, as they will be discovered and destroyed. Their niche is layered defense and tank ambushes.
  19. Roman Ivanov
    Roman Ivanov 5 February 2016 18: 33 New
    0
    Who in the subject please explain how it can exactly hit with the pin in front and the plane, or is there a fairing on it in flight? How is it with aerodynamics?
    1. Lieutenant colonel
      Lieutenant colonel 6 February 2016 02: 15 New
      +1
      By analogy with our shots - the "crowbar" flies in flight, the projectile itself, the rings around are seals and are designed to center the "crowbar" in the barrel bore. When going beyond the cut of the bore, this "plane" is divided into sectors and separated from the projectile. For this reason, you cannot shoot armor-piercing subcaliber shells when your infantry is closer than 100 from the tank and in the sector (from 0) 60 degrees. For an accurate hit, the BPS is used, in conjunction with some other solutions, to give these projectiles the maximum possible energy behind the muzzle - pay attention to the projectile's flight speed. The flight speed of such projectiles is also important as one of the means of penetrating the armor. Unlike cumulative projectiles, for which the angle of encounter with an obstacle is a more important criterion, the BPS has important characteristics of the core material and its flight speed in the final segment of the trajectory.
      Sincerely.
      1. would
        would 9 February 2016 11: 41 New
        0
        If I could put 100 pluses. Clearly in essence, just for understanding, shortly. It was really nice to read.