The founder of the first in Russia automaton Vladimir Grigorievich Fedorov in the final part of his work “The evolution of rifle weapons»(1939) came to the conclusion that further development should lead to the creation of a new type of automatic rifle (KANT) for a cartridge with a smaller overall size and at the same time with improved ballistics.
At the same time, it was noted: “... in our time, for the first time, the theoretical basis for the design of automatic weapons was summed up: there is a fundamental work by Professor Artillery Academy. F. Dzerzhinsky A. A. Blagonravov, with the publication of which a new era began in the matter of a more correct, based on scientific data, development of an auto-weapon.
Based on the teachings of Fedorov-Blagonravov, it can be concluded that the creation of the Kalashnikov AK-47 carbine chambered for millimeters 7,62х39 millimeters (sample 1943 of the year) marked the beginning of an era of transition to small arms like KANT according to the following postulates.
1. Its appearance is determined by the reloading cycle, which includes the preparation of the firing mechanism (USM) for the re-shot, that is, ensuring the return of the trigger to its original position before the shot with the aim of:
1.1. Fully automated reloading (i.e. reloading), in which it is enough to aim and pull the trigger for a shot to be fired.
1.2. Correction of the historical mistake of Western gunsmiths, who, instead of automating USM, created a weapon for firing bursts of unarmed shots.
1.3. The possibility of conducting intense fire in a series of single shots by continuously pressing the cyclically returned trigger (under the gunner’s responsibility for each off target and for every cartridge consumed).
2. All ballistic properties of small arms are taken into account by the firing power formula, which includes the rate of fire, the energy of the bullet at the target, and the probability of hitting.
3. It is necessary to distinguish between theoretical rate of fire, called the rate of fire, and practical, which takes into account the number of targets hit per unit of time, and indicates the continued relevance of improving this characteristic.
4. The AK-47 self-loading karabiner can be converted into a Kalashnikov self-loading karabiner (SKK), corresponding to the 1 postulate and creating a precedent for replacing all obsolete small arms with incomplete automation of reloading.
However, with the creation of the AK-47, attempts began to improve accuracy and accuracy by reducing the power of fire. The era of the following conceptual errors has arrived:
1. The requirement to increase accuracy and accuracy, the parameters of which cannot be the tactical and technical characteristics of small arms by definition.
2. An attempt to improve accuracy and accuracy by reducing the recoil of the weapon, the effect of which on the likelihood of hitting bullets is eliminated by leading to normal combat. It should be noted that as a result of bringing to a normal battle, the accuracy and accuracy of shooting with single shots from AK-47 and AK-74 correspond to the same standards specified in the Manual on rifle case (NSD).
3. Adoption of automatic weapons, which, according to the NSD, are not subject to normal combat when firing by bursts and do not have relevant standards.
4. Approval of GOST 28653-90 “Small arms. Terms and definitions, which create the appearance of the existence of a weapon with full automation of reloading (7 term), that is, hiding the presence of a manual operation in the operation of the trigger, contrary to the 1 and 1.1 postulates.
5. Introduction to the NSD of the term “combat rate of fire”, which has no meaning and hides the relevance of increasing the practical rate of fire, contrary to the 3 postulate.
6. Decrease in the power of firing from the AK-74 submachine gun, inferior to the AK-47 in speed of fire, range of lethal actions, penetration of a bullet and the value of its ballistic coefficient characterizing the ability to maintain speed and direction of flight.
7. The choice of the AK-74 as a prototype for creating an automatic machine designed by V. V. Zlobin AK-12, in which a device for cutting off a queue of three shots is added to the shortcomings of the AK-74, which complicates the design and accelerates the flow of a portable stock of cartridges.
8. The withdrawal from the warehouses of the Ministry of Defense of automatic machines for the exchange in the ratio of three AK-47 to one AK-12, allegedly surpassing the AK-47 in the accuracy of firing bursts, and in fact inferior to him in terms of the totality of properties that characterize the degree of protection of the soldier.
It should be noted that the choice in favor of the cartridge 5,45х39 with muzzle energy 1328 joules, despite the fact that our cartridge 7,62х39 with muzzle energy 2010 joule created a new model of the American rifle, as it became known from the following message: “CMMG released the MK47 rifle Mutant. This is a completely new platform, which is based on the AR-15 series with increased power and unsurpassed reliability of the legendary AK-47. ”
Obviously, if the postulate 4 is implemented by the creators of Mutant (or another Russian competitor) under the international legal protection of the priority of industrial property, then there will be no place in the arms market for Russian small arms of the CCM type.