Military Review

Craiova Army in Belarusian Polesie. Gang "Basti". Part I

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Craiova Army in Belarusian Polesie. Gang "Basti". Part I



This article is unique because it tells in detail about the activities of Polish Polish Home Army units in the territory of Belarusian Polesye, its largest structure in that region - 47 Brest bypass AK or better known under the unofficial name “gang“ Basta ”. The article is written on the basis of documents from the archives of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and the NKVD and the stories of witnesses of 1945-1950 events that we collected. From the mouth of the akhovtsev themselves and those who fought with them, as well as just those who accidentally “ran into” them. Many facts in this article sound for the first time and are almost not found in the well-known literature about the anti-Soviet post-war underground. The material was collected from the 1990-ies, after the collapse of the USSR, when a lot began to open.

The authors of the article: Olga Zaitseva and Oleg Kopylov, lecturers of the history department of Vladimir State University, Russia. The article is written in 2000 year, but is laid out for the first time in 2015.

Introduction

1 September 1939, the Second World War began. Nazi Germany attacked Poland and the country, under the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, was divided between the Reich and the Soviet Union. The western part was ceded to the Germans, and the eastern - to the USSR, which became part of the Byelorussian SSR. The Polish government, led by Vladislav Sikorski, fled to Paris and then to London. And 22 June 1941, the Reich attacked the Soviet Union. First of all, the former Polish lands - Brest, Grodno, Vilna and others - came under attack.

It was in these territories that the birth of a large partisan movement, famous Belarusian red partisans began ... But besides them, representatives of Polish nationality and simply ideological supporters of the Commonwealth went to the forests. And 14 February 1942 created the Craiova Army on the basis of the Polish national formations and former soldiers of the Polish army.

It was a regular army, created according to the structure of the Polish pre-war army. Subject to the very government of Poland in London. Its first commander in chief is Stefan Rovetsky. The Craiova Army operated in the former Polish territories - Western Belorussia, Western Ukraine and the Vilnius Territory of Lithuania.

Initially, the Craiova Army collaborated with the Red Army. Akovtsy made a contribution to the fight against the Nazi invaders in the rear. In January 1944-January 1945, the Craiova Army attempted to liberate Poland and its former lands. On August 1, the akhovtsy attempted to liberate Warsaw by raising an armed uprising there and launching the offensive, which was finally crushed by the Germans on October 2. Attempts were made to liberate Lviv and Vilna. This operation was called the action "Storm". But the AK forces were not so strong, and the main merit belonged to the Red Army. The action of the Poles choked.

29 August 1944, during Operation Bagration, the Red Army liberated Belarus, Lithuania and eastern Poland. But in these territories, numerous national partisan formations with a total number of about thousands of militants, including AK, continued to operate in about 60-80. And they considered the newly arrived Soviet power as an adversary.

Aspiring army

On the territory of the USSR, during the war, the following military districts of the Home Army acted:

1. Vilensky District AK (Vilensky Territory of the Lithuanian SSR, Molodechno Region of the Belarusian SSR)

2. Novogrudok District AK (Grodno and Baranovichi regions of the BSSR)

3. Belostok District of AK (border to Poland part of the Grodno region of the BSSR)

4.Polissky District AK (Brest and Pinsk regions of the BSSR)

5. Volyn district AK (Volyn and Rivne regions of the Ukrainian SSR) 6. Ternopil district AK (Tarnopol region of the Ukrainian SSR)

7.Lviv district AK (Lviv region USSR)

8.Stanislavovsky District AK (Stanislavskaya region of the Ukrainian SSR)

While the AK was in alliance with the Red Army, in 1942-1943, they successfully fought with the Germans, as well as with units of the UPA in Ukraine. And it was in Ukraine, as well as in south-eastern Poland, that they showed their ardent imperial ambitions, killing Ukrainian civilians, in response to which UPA units began to retaliate against the Polish population - the famous Volyn Massacre of 1942-1944.

After the retreat of the Germans from these territories in the 1944 year, the situation changed. These territories remained in the USSR, with the exception of the Belostok Territory, Hrubieszhov and Przemysl, which were ceded again to Poland. This enraged the local AK troops, and therefore many chose to remain in the woods and continue the struggle with the Soviet authorities.

Although during the war, some AK troops had a conflict with the red partisans. Some even fought an alliance with the Germans to fight them: so Lieutenant Jozef Svyda, nicknamed "Lyakh", whose detachment operated in the Novogrudok district of AK, received supply from the Germans in 1944 and beat the Red partisans, for which they wanted to execute him but eventually pardoned.

After the war, only Vilensky, Novogrudsky, Polessky and, in part, the Belostok Autonomous District were active in the USSR. More precisely, even their remains bordering on Poland are: the modern territories of the Grodno region, and the western part of the Brest regions, as well as in the Lithuanian SSR in the Vilna region. We will not rush into the details of the AK activity in the Grodno and Vilnius regions. In this article we will look at the activities of the Home Army in the territory of the Brest region, in the territory of the so-called Polesye.

About the main character of the article

Post history It is necessary with a brief biography of one person, named Daniel Treplinsky. He was born around February 1919. His father, Georgy Treplinsky, was from Vilnius, came from a baptized Jew, his mother was a Lithuanian. George first studied at a Catholic seminary for a priest and was sent to nourish his flock in the village of Yamno, near Brest. Only now he led a not-so-proper life for a priest: he drank and often walked around women. And with one of them, an Orthodox Pole Katharine, he married and left the priesthood. They had two sons, the youngest of whom was Daniel.

It is also known that Daniel studied at the University of Warsaw, but he left him after a year of study and returned to his homeland, to Polesye. Shortly before the war he served in the Polish Army. In the year of 1937, I kind of wanted to continue my service, but in 1939, he threw her the rank of sergeant.

And this year the Second World War began. Western Belorussia, including Brest, was ceded to the USSR and became part of the BSSR. Well, then, in June 1941, the Germans launched a massive offensive against the USSR. By this time, Treplinsky lived in his native village and he, according to some information, had a wife. But the fact is different - he, like many other young local guys, left at the beginning of 1942 in the Army Craiova to fight the German invaders.

Treplinsky was restored to the rank of sergeant in the AK ranks. He was one of the henchmen of one of the commanders of the Polesia District AK, Lieutenant Colonel Stanislav Dobrsky "Zhuk." About his activities during this period, it is also known that he repeatedly participated in battles with the Germans, in the summer 1943 was wounded in one of the battles in the leg. In general, among ordinary fighters, deservedly not particularly stood out.

The finest hour "Basti"

In August 1944, the territory of western Belarus, Lithuania and eastern Poland was liberated by the Red Army. About 30 thousands of AK participants continued to operate in these territories. Including in Polesie. The Polesye District of AK was finally beheaded in December 1944 of the year when Lieutenant Colonel Heinrich Kraevsky was arrested by the NKVD. About 3500 thousands of AK militants in Polesie remained at the level of autonomous existence. And at that very moment Sergeant Treplinsky, nicknamed "Basta", decided to prove himself.

To the word of his pseudonym: he was also originally known by the nicknames "Cat" and "Copper", the latter is probably due to the reddish-brown hair of Mr. Treplinsky. “Basta” is his nickname from his youth. Translated from the local Polish dialects something like the modern Russian word "inadequate". And indeed, his character was not very mildly. He is described as a very irritable and emotional person. But more about that later.

At this time, he is trying to get in touch with the emigre government in London, but they did not convey any intelligible instructions, except as recommendations “not to succumb to provocations.” And then he took the initiative into his own hands: he rallied around himself a small group of AK fighters from this area, among whom was his former school friend, senior private Artemy Fedinsky, nicknamed “Victor”, whom he had made his assistant.

He went to a deceitful trick: he appropriated the rank of captain and called himself appointed to the new commanders of the AK formations in Polesye. He sent delegations to the AK detachments that acted on the territory of the Brest and Zhabinka districts, which had been exhausted by that moment, and invited them to unite under his auspices. And, oddly enough, the overwhelming majority agreed. So he rallied around him, at that time, near the 200 AK fighters.

The new captain of the “Basta” united the structures of the Brest and Zhabinkovsky AK outfits and created one 47 Brest bypass of the Home Army or known by another name “joint AK-“ Eastern Coast ””, because of the location of this bypass on the eastern bank of the Bug River.

Here is what his former colleague in 1937-1938 wrote about “Baste”; during the war, the fighter 1 of the Polish Division named after him. Tadeusha Kosciusko, Vladislav Gladsky:

“I learned that Daniil commanded a group of akhovtsev for so many years only in the past 1960 year, almost later 10 years. You know ... I was extremely surprised and amazed! I know this man since childhood, I studied with him at one time in one class of the gymnasium. But he is ... Mad! No, he is quite intelligent, educated, but he has no head! As well as special organizational skills, too ... ".

Basta reorganized the AK units in these territories. To begin with, many Poles in the Poles'e are Orthodox, in contrast to their brethren from the “big land,” from Poland, who of course are all earnestly zealous Catholics. Plus they had a distinctive community. Therefore, they caused a certain contempt for ordinary Poles. And it so happened that the high posts of AK in this area were not local Catholics from the "mainland". “Basta” corrected this, and now almost the entire officer and sergeant staff of 47 of the Brest Bypass of AK was Orthodox, and Catholics, with a few exceptions, shifted to ordinary positions.

Having changed the commanding staff, he grouped the 47 fighters of the Brest Bypass AK into two “divisions”. One acted in the Brest district, which he personally commanded, and the second, acting in the Zhabinka district, he handed over to his comrade Viktor Fedin, who also gave him the rank of lieutenant. With the enlargement of the number of AK militants in the roundabout, the divisions were divided into "dancers" - smaller units of 2-3, a dozen people each, who were headed by ranks from sergeant to ending with khorunzhim. "Plyatsuvki" in this circuit operated in the area of ​​certain villages, i.e. on each village or several villages - on the dance. At the right moment they were united.

In the detachments of the AK, including the 47 of the Brest bypass, Polish pre-war uniforms were introduced, in particular the famous horned hat. However, many also wore trophy German or Soviet uniforms and their variations. A distinctive sign on the headgear of many akhovtsev was "Piast Eagle" - the heraldic symbol of Poland. Some wore white and red bandages, the color of the Polish flag. Many AK fighters fastened themselves to the side of the heart rinografy - images of the Virgin Mary carved on the iron on a small chain. Also some were wearing church rosaries.

The main part of the militants of the gang "Basta" were local Poles, as well as Belarusians loyal to Poland. Although among the 47 fighters of the AK circuit, there were Russians (listed: Andreev S., Kiselev Yu. And others), and Jews (M. Rubinstein, Wagenfeld B. and others), and there was also an Azerbaijani, a certain Aliyev A. , and three Armenians: Badyan L., Tadevosyan G., Sargsyan E.

Because the majority of the population in Polesie is Orthodoxy, including the majority of local Poles, then the oath was given in the presence of an Orthodox priest. Orthodox services were often performed "for the health of the Fatherland and the Polish people." Although they often did things far from being divine ...

For the entire period of existence of the gang, the following places of deployment can be distinguished: in the Brest district in the territory of the Telminsky, Chernavchitsky and Cherninsky village councils and in the Zhabinsky district of the Zhabinskovsky village council. January 19 1945, the third commander in chief of AK Leopold Okulitsky, announced the dissolution of the Home Army. But many units refused to comply with the order. Then the flowering of the gang "Basta" began.

The gang "Basti" acts



The very first gang action took place on 22 on January 1945 of the year. All 200 akhovtsev under the command of captain "Basta" attacked a temporary prison, located near the village Zelenets. It was two wooden barracks in which the criminals were temporarily housed, which, after being set up from the post-war devastation, should have been sent to normal prisons and camps.

Many of the prisoners were former AK fighters, but among them were also former punishers who served in the auxiliary police on the side of the fascists. But half of the prisoners, after all, were ordinary criminals. In the evening, the akhovtsy surrounded the prison and, after a brief exchange of fire with the guards, they gained the upper hand. Of the 75 officers of the internal troops who were guarding the prison, the 19 fighters were brutally murdered: many were not shot, but simply chopped up with axes. The rest managed to retreat.

In the morning, "this tall man, who was standing in the same uniform on such a frost that morning," ordered the construction of prisoners and built his soldiers. He invited the prisoners to take an oath of allegiance to Poland and its people. And all the 116 prisoners, as one, agreed and joined the ranks of AK. Among the prisoners was the criminal authority of Alexander Rusovsky, the familiar of Lieutenant "Victor". He suggested that "Baste" make him one of the commanders of the circuit, recommending him as a useful and executive person. Rusovsky was given the rank of lieutenant, and all the newly-made Akhovtsy were subordinate to him. Now 47 Brest bypass AK added to another department, which operated on the territory of Chernavchitsky village council.

Although the new fighters had enough uniforms, in which the akhovtsy were even slightly obsessed, as well as on the discipline in general, but weapons not enough for everyone. The gang "Basta" controlled part of the railway on the way Warsaw-Brest-Zhabinka. And here came the first benefit from the lieutenant Rusovsky - thanks to his connections, he learned when a train carrying captured weapons from the front would pass along this road. As a result, in February-April 1945, the gang "Basta" committed 6 railway sabotage.

After the war, the Soviet government began to restore the structure of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and the NKVD in the liberated territories. AK structures have begun attempts to deal with this, including the 47 bypass. 6 in March 1945, a dancer of Cornix Guschinsky, who was part of Lieutenant Rusovsky’s department, destroyed the police station in Chernavchitsy, and in March 11, the captain of “Basta” and their akhovtsy did the same in Telmach. And the same day later, March 12, was done by Lieutenant Victor in Zhabinka. According to Soviet data, only from the actions of the gang "Basta" in the Brest and Zhabinka districts, from January to April 1945, 28 servicemen of the security forces of the USSR were killed and 9 was wounded.

The Soviet leadership understood that a well-armed and trained army was operating in the territory of Western Belarus, against which we need a special reconnaissance apparatus and regular front-line units. In particular, three companies of the Ministry of Internal Affairs in the total number of 1945 fighters were sent to the area of ​​Gutovichi, Zalesye and Telma villages in the area of ​​deployment of the gang "Basta" in May 600.

At first they could not get on the trail of gangsters, and yet through one agent they managed to find out the deployment of the gang of the captain "Basta". And 2 June 1945 was one of the first major clashes of the Soviet army against Polish bandits in the forest area of ​​the village of Zalesye. 400 Red Army vs 200 AK fighters.

In the morning, the operatives began to comb through the forest and, not having passed a kilometer, they were met by sudden heavy fire. Akovtsy began immediately defensively fiercely. It was part of a gang under the command of the captain Treplinsky himself. The number of its fighters was not very large, within a few dozen, and the Red Army initially wanted to get by with two companies of soldiers, sending one to the village, to the reserve. However, it was only part of his fighters: the other, as it turned out, ran away to report the incident to the lieutenant Rusovsky.

The shootout in the forest lasted two hours. The forces of the captain's gang were running out. But suddenly there were shots from the north side of the village. A gang of lieutenant Rusovsky came up with a part of the militants "Basta". The attack was sudden, akovtsy gradually began to surround the village. Many Red Army soldiers were simply killed. And then they fled: some settled in 7 there former trucks, others ran loose, looking for where to hide. One of the cars with 32 Red Army was undermined.

The soldiers of the MIA of the USSR MIA suffered a defeat. In total, 41 was killed by them and 6 was injured. Polish gangsters have lost 16 people.

The survivors retreated to the village of Points and called for reinforcements from Brest, 3 companies in the number of approximate 300 fighters. However, there was a delay, and reinforcements arrived only on June 5. And akhovtsev also had informants among the locals, and therefore, on the night of June 6, the village was surrounded by a gang of lieutenant "Victor" with the support of Cornet Vladimir Jankowski "Rudik". The soldiers of the Ministry of Internal Affairs were again taken by surprise. The bandits, in the attack, used besides small arms actively used grenades and even used captured German panzerfaust. However, it took less than an hour, as they also suddenly disappeared, as they appeared. Apparently, they realized that their forces were still much smaller. The Soviet side lost 11 people and there were a lot of wounded and shell-shocked.

In total for June-September 1945 of the year in the Brest region alone 23 attacked military units, including 4 in the Brest region and 1 in Zhabinkovsky, where the gang "Basta" operated. It was a real war, which was also fought in the Grodno, Molodchensk and Baranavichy regions, as well as in Poland and southern Lithuania itself.

The Soviet leadership realized that it was very difficult to fight against the formations of nationalists in this way, according to the type of banal fighting, and also leads to casual casualties among the civilian population. Therefore, it was decided to expand the intelligence structure to identify small and main parts of bandit groups.

To this truth came Akovtsy, including from the gang "Basta". Pan Treplinsky decided to finally break the 47 structure of the Brest bypass AK into smaller parts. And from about 1946 onwards, he broke up large detachments into smaller ones, each one into dancing on 20-30. Each of these dancers had its own sphere of influence, as a rule, under its jurisdiction there was any one village. Well, pan captain, like many other AK field commanders, ordered the attacks on large military units of the Soviet Army and the Ministry of Internal Affairs to be stopped, and to go over to smaller targets.

Nevertheless, the AK at first was quite a big success. The fact that the gang "Basta" several times successfully attacked the troops of the Interior Ministry, attracted even more militants into it. Naturally, basically, there went the Poles, who hated the USSR for annexing these territories from Poland, but, as mentioned above, there were Belarusians and people of some other nationalities. There went a lot of deserters from the Soviet Army and its former military personnel, as well as criminals and some policemen. There was even young people there: there were cases in these villages that all the guys from the classes went to the forest. Most AK fighters were in the age range from 15 to 21, although there were also older people. As of June 1946, according to the NKVD, this gang has reached its largest number in about 500 people.

The gang of “Basta” found among the population both many supporters and many opponents, more precisely those who simply feared it. This gang terrified not only the fighters of the USSR Armed Forces, the employees of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and the NKVD, but also the usual supporters of the Soviet government, often even imaginary ...

"The virgin, your heart is not too tight?"



We begin this section with the history of the former teacher from the village of Yamno, physical education teacher Andrei Kireev, which he told in 1992 year. At that time he was 82 of the year, and after 5 years he passed away from old age. He remembered very well those events taking place in 1945-1946 in this and the surrounding villages of the Brest region and the captain “Bastu” and his gang, with whom he was confronted personally.

“I myself am from Brest. I learned to be a teacher in 1932, a teacher of physical education ... In 1933, in the month of June, I was assigned to Thelma. The only school in the neighborhood ... So I lived in Yamnah ... In 1941, in June, the war began. Before the 1944, I was partisan, and then, when the advice came, I left for the Red Army. I got to Berlin ... After the war, I once lived in Minsk, and then I came back here. I returned in January 1946 ...

Somehow it means I came to work once again at school and I see, it means that the teacher in Russian, Natasha K., is crying. I ask her, they say what happened. And she told me that her son, the name I don’t remember the truth, was taken to the army, to the border troops, to the border with Poland. He wanted to come home, he took leave, a telegram means sent and said when he arrived. And he was not and was not. And a week later it turned out that he was killed ... So I learned that there is such an army of Craiova and that in our area there is some kind of gang "Basta". And soon I not only heard ...

Later, the headmaster told me about the Akhovtsy. But the fact is that winter was then, we were skiing, on a field near the forest. Well, she warned me not to take children away to the forest, and the police gave me a papeshka, just in case, with a carob shop ...

And that means something like a week after that I was skiing with 8 or 9. On the field. And, therefore, I look towards the forest, and from there, from the hill, three go down ... I came a little closer and took a closer look. Three in sheepskin coats, in breeches, in boots. With weapons: two papeshki were, and one Schmeiser. Two of these ... Polish military caps, well, with eagles, and one has German caps. One more bandage was white-red. And the average ... The face seemed painfully familiar to me! But in general, I realized that it was the Akhovtsy ... I screamed my papeshka ... It became terrible for me ... Well, I shouted to them, threatening with my own machine gun, saying I shove their weapons into their asses. They looked at me so bitterly ... I thought the end! But no, the dogs are gone ...

In the evening I am sitting at home with my wife, we had dinner. And suddenly they drummed at the door. I mean I open the door and four break in to us ... One among them was the middle one I met during the day. He alone, that with the Degtyaryov machine gun, ordered me to go out and stand at the door, and put two with carbines at the door. Threw off his sheepskin coat - in the form of Polish. In a belt, with stars on epaulets, with a collar embroidered with their officers' collar, binoculars ...

And ba! Yes this is Treplinsky Danka! This is my ex-student! The guy is not stupid, he studied tolerably, but the mischievous was scary! As soon as he was taken out a little, he started throwing chairs and because of this he tried not to get involved with him. We even communicated well with him at one time - as an interesting interlocutor. Why, he was molested by one girl at school, and I once told him about it for this ... He then got angry at me then went.

Well, he means looking at me so viciously, frowning ... Eyes are hefty from him, evil ... And then suddenly I startled somehow ... I could see that he recognized me! Silent we all mean, and I'm waiting for what's next ... I already had sweat from fear! Well, then he abruptly said so, they say you're not the same pan Andrzej? He simply called me by name ... Well, I told him that yes, he himself, your former teacher. He smiled even so slightly. He then asked me again, saying if I served in red, was I a member of the party? Well, I was not a member of the party and I swore to him by Christ that he was not and that he could check through his own people!

Well, it means that Danya sat on the bench and asked for vodka, and a piece of bread. I poured him, he drank it, ate a snack ... Then he asked the lads to pour it and eat it to give ... Done! We sat, paused again ... They dressed back in sheepskin coats, turned around to go and suddenly he turned to me and said that if I interfered with him or his people and, as he said, I would serve the holy cause of the struggle for the Motherland, he will hang me by the ribs ... And that he now has ears and eyes on me.

Of course, I was scared! But at the same time, it’s just ... After all, I don’t have such a case! Therefore, I was with peace of mind and was not particularly afraid.

Here I am ... Ah, yes, 9 class! But with the very ninth class I was working on that day ... At first the Guralnik left, then Katz ... At first I did not understand where ... And then I learned from my friends - they go to the gang "Basta"! This gang, more precisely, as many expressed themselves as “fighters for RezhemPospolit”, the Craiova Army, was widely heard ... And almost all supported them! They were given something to eat, then to bathe in the bath ... Every week, at Yamno, on Saturdays, at night, the baths were heated, these akhovtsevs were washed!

I, too, was not a supporter of the Soviets, you know ... But why this whole war? What were these thugs hoping for? Army! Craiova! A handful that ... And because the young boys died, to whom to live and live! And it means that two of them didn’t appear in that class ... Ah, yes, it was already in February! Well, I immediately knew where they were, thought the boys were gone! And I’m coming back from work to my village back ... It was not far away! The path through the forest adjoined, on the right side if you go further - a dense forest. Well, I’m coming, it means, it has become evening ... And I’m watching these two men near the forest are marking time! Both are in overcoats, and one had a slingshot on his head, and the other was wearing a hat. But without a weapon ... I approached them, the Mauser got a pistol - I was given it to the police just in case. Many teachers were given them then because of this situation ... I started threatening them with a pistol and took them to the police station ... I handed over the crooks! Fools!

Well, and the next day, in the evening, they knocked me ... I thought my wife was from a friend, well I discovered ... And so, “Basta” came to me again with four gangsters. One, the same machine gunner, stood at the door, and two, one with a carbine, the other with Schmeisser, stood at the door. Together with Basta, there was another Polish officer, also in the officer's uniform, whom I also recognized ... Vovka Jankowski was ...

They two looked at me angrily ... Well, Vovka and he laid it all out to this leader. This Vovka was something like looking at Yamno ... Well, he put the “Baste” in front of me, saying that I’m breaking the mobilization of this Army of Craiova. The fact that I did not let them kill two boys. I said so to him ... And he called me a filthy red-ass to me, curvy ...

I waited for what would happen next ... "Basta" took me by the throat ... And I answered him as I would give in the face, and he flew off to the window! And at once I heard ... These all their weapons were cocked! He showed his hand to them like that, they say, do not shoot, and in an instant he flew up to me, feeding my head and kneed me on the face. He shouted at it all so that they spread me on the table ...

He took out the rope, made a loop ... Those two stretched me, and Yankovsky twisted my shirt. I was ready to die! And I already said goodbye to life! And it’s just that they didn’t let the young boys into their hands, die prematurely ... They rolled up their sleeves ... Jankowski and Treplinsky took their papeshki, turned them over with their butts ... And how come I could thresh my ribs with my butts! From the first blows from two sides, I thought that I was going to be pulled out with blood, and from the second it came out ... I also told him that the Mother of God did not put pressure on your heart? He had a little icon of the Virgin on his left pocket, he had a heart ... I didn't even have the strength to shout ... I thought I even stopped breathing, I didn't feel ... They hit me like that five times ... They stuck me through my head, through my arms, into that loop and tightened it on the chest ... They hung me so on a clothes hook that was next to the door ...

And well my wife has come soon! I did not see how they left ... I failed because of such pain ... They took me off the loop ... First they took me to Brest, to the hospital, then to Minsk. Two months lay with broken ribs. It still hurts to breathe ... Since then, I no longer lived in Yamno ... Yes, I was scared! I would have been killed at all then ... I only came back here in the 67 year, when there were no akovets already. But from friends who have remained here have heard such! A lot of these thugs people killed. And most importantly, as a rule, for nothing! We saw that we went to the police station - consider that there is no longer a person of this ... They didn’t even feel sorry for the children! And some kind of army ... "

In addition to the action against the Soviet Army, the NKVD and the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the aksovtsy were distinguished by their particular cruelty towards the supporters of the Soviet government and even simply those who disagreed. Indeed, in those bloody years in Western Belorussia, somewhere in the countryside, even entering a government agency could entail, at best, that people in tattered Polish uniforms would visit you, but if you do that regularly, one could expect the worst.

Well, about the fate of the chairmen of collective farms and members of the Communist Party and say nothing. For example, members of the gang "Basta", headed personally by the gang leader Captain Treplinsky, March 9, 1945, in the very village of Yamno, were brutally murdered by an activist of the Communist Party D. Tsygankov and his wife. Unhappy hacked with axes.

27 March of the same year the same gang in the village of Zbirogi killed the activist Bruise I. 11 in April in the village of Wielun, the Brother dancer (sergeant AK Nikita Chesakovsky) killed the Karshov family, consisting of 6 people, the house where they were killed was burnt. On April 19, in the village of Karabani, a “Pitcher” dancer (sergeant AK Oleg Kuvshinovsky) killed a Red Army soldier and activist Novikov A. with his wife and six-month-old son. The house where the dead were kept was also burned.

And this is only part of the 47 crime at the Vostochny Bereg circuit. According to archival data, only in February-June 1945, by this gang, on the territory of Telminsky, Chernavchitsky, Cherninsky and Zhabinka village councils, 28 people were killed, mainly Communist Party activists with their families, including their children.

Naturally, since the AK was opposed to the formation of Soviet power, the akovtsy also cracked down on the Red Army men and employees of the Interior Ministry. Often these killings were unfounded and brutal. Any person from the listed categories was considered "the enemy of the Polish Fatherland and its people." For example, December 4 1945 of the year, in the same village of Karabani and the same “Jug” dancer, private and foreman MVD Ushinsky V. and Blinov K. were killed and slaughtered in the forest.

7 January 1946 of the year in the village of Senkovichi, which in the Zhabinskaya district a group of akhovtsevs from the “Viktor” department personally with its leader lieutenant Fedinsky killed Interior Ministry lieutenant Kuznetsov N. along with three more operative officers. They were taken to a place near the forest from slaughtered. The police station where they were was burned.

In August, 1946, Captain Treplinsky ordered a large-scale campaign in the area of ​​deployment of his AK unit. On August 20 near Zditovo, a gang of lieutenant "Viktor" attacked a group of Interior Ministry cadets in the amount of 63 people who were at military gatherings. 52 managed to escape to nearby villages, but the rest were awful: some were shot, others were burned in a tent, and the chief, senior lieutenant Chomsky A. and two other junior officers were hanged by the edges (the method of reprisal described in the story of Andrei Kireev) .

On August 1, 23, parts of the gang of lieutenant Rusovsky, police stations in Ivakhnovichi and Zelentsy were blown up and police officers and rural activists were killed, in total, 18 people. On August 24, parts of the captain's gang “Basta” attacked Thelma, personally led by the captain, and Jamno led by the Cornish “Rudik”. In Telmach, he drove 11 police officers and 4 rural activists into a police station and arson. With a crowd of people, he announced that "in free Poland, all the red-nosed and Bandera bastard expect it." In Yamno, 8 people were killed.

This large sortie of AK militants in the Brest region forced the NKVD and the Ministry of Internal Affairs to once again carry out a major sweep, but more on that later.

From the quotation by pan captain Treplinsky, it was also mentioned about Bandera. Indeed, the Craiova Army fought the OUN and UPA during the war years, unleashing the so-called Volyn Massacre of 1942-1944. However, this conflict, on a small scale, continued after the war.

The structures of the OUN and UPA also operated in Polesia. The fact is that many representatives of Ukrainian nationality lived there, and the OUN considered Polesye to be “ethnic Ukrainian lands”. Thus, they automatically subscribed to the AK political rivals, on a par with the USSR. However, this hatred extended to ordinary Ukrainians.

So, in April 1945 of the year, the 4 immigrant from the Ukrainian SSR was killed by officers from the department of Lieutenant Rusovsky in Zelentsy. In September, 1945 of the year, in Bratylovo, with the dance of second-lieutenant Sergiy Krupsky (“Gray”), a family of immigrants from the Ukrainian SSR Gorodnychenko G. was killed as part of 3 people.

In March 1946, the Polish-Ukrainian conflict in the Brest and Zhabinsk regions reached its peak. In the Zhabinka district, an exchange of fire took place between the AK fighters of the lieutenant Viktor and the OUN fighter of a certain Falcon. Bandera retreated and no longer strayed in those places, but Akhovtsy decided to take revenge.

According to the archives of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, early in the morning of 11 in March 1946, a large gang of aksovtsev with an approximate number of 30 armed militants headed by the aforementioned head of the Zhabinskovskiy department of 47 of the Brest bypass AK, Lieutenant Artemy Fedinsky "Viktor" entered the village of Saleika. Next, we give the story of a resident of that village, an Ukrainian, Galina Naumenko, who was then 23 of the year.

“It was only the beginning of the morning, it was early morning. I hear someone is at the door. We all, my mother, sister and my husband woke up. The sister runs up to the window and shouts that the bandit gangsters have entered the village ...

They were all of us Ukrainians that were in the village, 40 man was brought to the center of the village, near one big house. The rest of the village rose and began to look ... And they started beating us up! One girl was hit by one bandit with a butt and that two days later she died ...

We were all without weapons. And two men as they attacked their leader-officer snapped, and he shot from a pistol. And the third shot upwards made his people calm down. Surrounded us and he loudly asked: "Which of you are Bandera?". We were all silent. We have never had Bandera here. And then they pulled out three of our men from the crowd, put them to another house, and opposite them two machine gunners got up. That officer gave them a wave of his hand, and they shot them.

Then he dismissed us home and said that if we help Bandera, we’ll burn the whole village. We just started to leave, and the crooks caught up with us and started pestering young girls ... God pardoned me and many other women, but no one else went to my sister and three other people. ”

In total then 4 was killed by a resident of the village of Saleika. Such inter-ethnic reprisals, mainly against Ukrainians by AK militants, continued until the 1947 year.
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  1. Koshchei
    Koshchei 6 February 2016 06: 54
    13
    The word "THEIR" scattered throughout the text is extremely annoying.
    1. Gamdlislyam
      Gamdlislyam 6 February 2016 14: 55
      -6
      Quote: Koshchei
      Extremely annoying

      Not that word. The authors of the article seem to vaguely represent the events that took place in woodland. In general, they heard a ringing, but do not know where he is. The article put a minus.
    2. Editor
      Editor 6 February 2016 20: 36
      +3
      "Ihnikh" is not so bad, at first I thought that the Russian language for the author (authors) is not quite native - after all, the material on a specific area ...
    3. ava09
      ava09 21 November 2016 13: 53
      0
      And this is not annoying: (c) Nazi Germany attacked Poland and the country, under the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, was divided between the Reich and the Soviet Union (s)?
      The author, not understanding the difference between "Non-Aggression Pact" and "Pact", continues to replicate Russophobic myths. I didn't even read further - I lost interest ...
  2. Victor jnnjdfy
    Victor jnnjdfy 6 February 2016 07: 00
    +9
    Poleshuk live in Polesie. Under Soviet rule, they were ranked among the Ukrainians in the Ukraine, and among the Belarusians in Belarus. Until 1939, under the nobility of Poland, they were considered a separate people and were called in translation into Russian from Polish "local". The Poleshuk people have their own special language, which is more like Ukrainian MOV and their own traditions. Orthodox faith (formerly Uniates).
    The article describes "Orthodox Poles", "local Ukrainians", etc. An "Orthodox Pole" is a "Jew-reindeer herder" (s) ... And so in many ways. The fact that "AK initially collaborated with the Red Army" is worth it ... What is the Red Army in the territory occupied by the Nazis? There were just bandits, Bulbovites (UPA), Khlopski battalions (then the Army of Ludov), Soviet partisans ... And all "cooperated" against each other. The article was written by amateurs and very superficially without knowledge of the subject.
    1. Olga Zaitseva
      6 February 2016 07: 50
      +8
      Perhaps most of the fighters of this AK compound were the same halfies, from a scientific ethnological point of view. But here it was not taken into account who they were considered to be, and by whom they considered themselves. One part of Poleshuk considers (or considered) itself to be Poles, the other - Belarusians, the third - Ukrainians. In general, a very interesting question about the national composition of AK in Western Belarus. According to official figures, for example, 40% of the fighters were Belarusians.
      A lot of things in this article have not yet been used. We have collected a lot of notes. Part of Oleg Viktorovich, part - with me. It was decided to use the most basic thing in the case. And if we talk about this AK structure, then from one trophy record from some year (alas, I don’t have any hands on it, my colleague has it), seized from the deputy commandant of the Krupsky circuit, it says that somewhere around half of the soldiers of the circuit Poles, and about half - Rusyns. Apparently, for ideological reasons, Belarusians, they, as it was customary to call them and Ukrainians in Pan Poland, they called Rusyns.
      The fact that "AK initially collaborated with the Red Army" is worth it ...

      Yes, it should have been written in a more generalized way - "with the Soviet side." And it was necessary to mention the red partisans, and in the first place. But with the Red Army, too, there is no particular mistake - a number of operations of the Red Army and AK were carried out together, for example, they liberated Vilno (now Vilnius).
      But about the UPA, you sinned a bit. Yes, the Bulbians called themselves the UPA at first, but then they began to be called the "Ukrainian People's Revolutionary Army" or, as in the beginning, the "Polesskaya Sich". The term "UPA" should be applied to the "original", to the armed units of the OUN faction of Stepan Bandera, under the leadership of Roman Shukhevych.
      1. Victor jnnjdfy
        Victor jnnjdfy 6 February 2016 08: 52
        +6
        Olga, I believe that from the glorious city of Vladimir it is difficult to understand all the intricacies of Polesie and Zap. Belarus. I'll try to help a little.
        Firstly. Under Poland, self-determination did not take place by blood, but by faith. Those. catholic, orthodox, jewish. And in our time there in mixed families, the child’s nationality is often determined by where his parents baptized in a church or church. There was also a division into groups: pans (gentry), B.Y. D.L. (commoners) and Zh.I. D. (I do not insult anyone - this is the official name of the Jews in Poland today). It is at that time. In ours there are Orthodox Belarusians, Belarusian Catholics and Catholic Poles. Jews during the war destroyed almost all.
        Under Poland, during the population census, the Western Poleshuk called himself and his language "tutishy", i.e. local. But I have never heard of the "Rusyn" near Brest.

        Secondly. Vilna had nothing to do with Polesie and does not have it. For short, the Poles simply wanted to enter Vilna earlier than the Red Army and declare themselves the legitimate authority there. AK and Soviet partisans sometimes carried out joint operations, after which Soviet partisans could shoot AK commanders or AK opened fire on Soviet partisans. What happened there in those years has little to do with Soviet official history.

        Thirdly, the UPA of Taras Borovets (I can be mistaken with the name), who called himself "Taras Bulba", appeared before the UPA of Bandera and Co. But the two UPA in the neighborhood became cramped ... In my opinion, the Bandera supporters even killed Bulba's wife.

        To understand what was happening there, you need to take 3 (three) liters and sit down to listen to old eyewitnesses of those events, of which there are practically no more.
        1. Olga Zaitseva
          6 February 2016 09: 00
          +3
          Indeed, the topic is complex and confusing. Nevertheless, the fact that the Red partisans, the Red Army and the AK temporarily and locally collaborated is a fact. But then again temporarily.
          About nat. the composition of Polesie under pan Poland:
          "Census of 1921, Brest, Drogichinsky, Kobrinsky, Kossovsky, Luninetsky, Pinsky, Pruzhansky districts of Polesie voivodeship: Belarusians 374615 people, Rusyns (Ukrainians) 10833 people, Russians 3491 people, local residents 27761 people, Orthodox "Poles" about 110 thousand people. "
          That is, Orthodox Poles still exist. Although, rather, they are simply descendants of the Orthodox Belarusians and Ukrainians who switched to Polish and adopted the Polish identity.
          UPA Taras Borovets (I can be mistaken with the name), who called himself "Taras Bulba" appeared before the UPA Bandera and Co. But the two UPA in the neighborhood became cramped ... In my opinion, the Bandera supporters even killed Bulba's wife.

          Quite right! Only later, due to the same "neighborhood", the Bulbovites renamed their formations to the UNRA.
          1. Victor jnnjdfy
            Victor jnnjdfy 6 February 2016 09: 24
            +6
            Under Poland there were not counties, but poviets. Voivodeship - povet-gmina. There are no "Orthodox Poles" (maybe one or two perverts). I tell you, as a Russian Pole of Western Belarusian origin and a Roman Catholic of easy virtue. There are Belarusians-Catholics. For example, an Orthodox Belarusian came to get a job with the master, and the master only hires Catholics. He rushes to the church ... Well, then a Belarusian Catholic appears, whom the master recruits.
            In Western Belarus in the villages, both Poles and Belarusians spoke and speak the same local language. Now it is Russian. This is the blood of one people. Polish was spoken by newcomer Poles-besiegers from some of Mazovia and the lords.
            1. Olga Zaitseva
              6 February 2016 09: 30
              +2
              Probably, Orthodox Poles may not exist, but Orthodox half-lights are a very possible phenomenon. In the census of 110 thousands of them, it was clearly not out of thin air.
              Moreover, the whole unit of the Craiova Army, ideological supporters of national Poland, and Orthodox. Orthodox priests even fed the given contour, but not Catholic priests.
            2. whiteeagle
              whiteeagle 6 February 2016 13: 28
              -10 qualifying.
              Russian Pole is an oxymoron. It is more impossible to exist in nature than the Orthodox Pole. Theoretically, there is such an opportunity, provided that you suffer from a split personality.
              1. Olga Zaitseva
                6 February 2016 13: 31
                +1
                The main thing is that these people were of Polish identity or, at least, were zealous Polish patriots.
                Rather, these are really ordinary Orthodox halophones, the ancestors of which, several generations ago, were ordinary Belarusians or Ukrainians.
              2. Victor jnnjdfy
                Victor jnnjdfy 6 February 2016 14: 01
                +9
                A Russian Pole is a Pole who, above all, is a citizen of Russia and does not suffer from Greater Poland's fanaticism. Now, if I said "Russian Pole", then this is not even theoretically possible.
                1. UNFAMILIAR
                  UNFAMILIAR 6 February 2016 14: 42
                  +4
                  Quote: Victor Jnnjdfy
                  A Russian Pole is a Pole who, above all, is a citizen of Russia and does not suffer from Greater Poland's fanaticism. Now, if I said "Russian Pole", then this is not even theoretically possible.

                  Perhaps you are a Pole genetically, but then a citizen of the Russian Federation, and then how you feel and identify, for example, I consider myself Russian with an admixture of Polish and Tatar blood, baptized in the Orthodox faith, I don’t speak Polish or Tatar hi
              3. Aleksander
                Aleksander 6 February 2016 16: 12
                +1
                Quote: whiteeagle
                It is more impossible to exist in nature than Orthodox Pole


                The Polish Orthodox Church (Polski Autokefaliczny Kościół Prawosławny) - the autocephalous local Orthodox Church in Poland, second largest flock, after the Catholic
        2. creak
          creak 6 February 2016 10: 37
          +1
          Quote: Victor Jnnjdfy
          .UPA Taras Borovets (I can be mistaken with the name), who called himself "Taras Bulba" appeared before the UPA of Bandera and Co. But two UPA in the neighborhood became cramped


          That's right, Taras Bulba-Borovets and he called his movement "Polesskaya Sich UPA" - constantly competing with OUN-UPA Melnik.
          In addition, a movement of Lithuanian nationalists, the so-called "green brothers", operated in Polesie.
          In Polesie, in addition, there was a significant number of detachments of Belarusian nationalists, from former servicemen of the units of the Belarusian Regional Defense and various police structures formed by the Germans ...
          Therefore, the picture was more colorful and confused than is commonly believed ...
          1. Olga Zaitseva
            6 February 2016 10: 43
            +1
            In addition, a movement of Lithuanian nationalists, the so-called "green brothers", operated in Polesie.

            There were no Lithuanian "forest brothers" in Polesie, for they were very far from Lithuania. But the raiding units in the regions of the Grodno region bordering on Lithuania - yes. Only Lithuania and its border territories were in their interests. Yes, and there they constantly did not hold out, only made individual raids.
            OUN-UPA Miller.

            The UPA was at the OUN faction of Stepan Bandera. The faction of Andrey Melnik had collaborationist formations, it did not have its own - it was the 14th SS division "Galicia", and the self-defense policemen, etc. Saying the UPA Melnik is like saying the Wehrmacht of Stalin.
            1. creak
              creak 6 February 2016 11: 54
              -4
              [quote = Olga Zaitseva]
              [quote = Olga Zaitseva] There were no Lithuanian "forest brothers" in Polesie, because they were very far from Lithuania. But the raiding detachments in the regions of the Grodno region bordering on Lithuania - yes. [/ Quote]

              And most of the other partisan detachments were precisely raiding - since to sit in one place means to doom yourself to death ... And Lithuania is very far from Polesie - excuse me - Lithuania borders on Belarus ...
              The Melnikovites really collaborated with the Germans - however, this is not the whole truth - some Melnik supporters were shot by the Germans near Kiev in the same Babi Yar for excessively independent views ...
              Yes, and Melnik himself and collaborated with the Germans and they were arrested ...

              [quote = Olga Zaitseva]. Saying the UPA Melnik is like saying the Wehrmacht of Stalin. [/ Quote]
              Well, you have enough, I’ll leave such hyperbole without comment ...
              1. Olga Zaitseva
                6 February 2016 11: 59
                +2
                And most of the other partisan detachments were precisely raiding - since to sit in one place means to doom yourself to death ... And Lithuania is very far from Polesie - excuse me - Lithuania borders on Belarus ...

                Here, raiders - i.e. come from Lithuania. Have you ever seen a map of Belarus? Lithuania borders on its northern part, and Polesie is the very south of Belarus.
                The Melnikovites really collaborated with the Germans - however, this is not the whole truth - some Melnik supporters were shot by the Germans near Kiev in the same Babi Yar for trying for unnecessarily independent views ...

                ... by the Melnikovites themselves, and Kiev and Bukovinsky smoking. Later, the second was combined with a handful of prisoners of war and the 115 schutzmanshaft battalion was created, which burned Khatyn. And Melnik was arrested only in 1944, and Bandera almost at the beginning of the war.
                Well, you’ve got enough, I'm sorry, it just doesn’t climb into any gates - Miller and Bandera were just rivals and one field of berries ...

                Just UPA has nothing to do with Melnik. Yes, later some of the Millers went there, but only a few.
                1. creak
                  creak 6 February 2016 12: 51
                  +1
                  Quote: Olga Zaitseva
                  Have you ever seen a map of Belarus? Lithuania borders on its northern part

                  Not only saw, but even lived in Lithuania and I believe that I know a little more about yours about Lithuanian nationalists, with all due respect ..
                  And my father, by the way, just served in Lithuania immediately after the war - he also gained personal, not book, experience and shared something with me.
                  Therefore, I consider further discussion unnecessary - all the best ...
                  1. Olga Zaitseva
                    6 February 2016 12: 55
                    +2
                    I just wanted to say that there were no Lithuanian nationalists in Polissya. There were Belarusian, Polish and Ukrainian. For Polissya was not included in the sphere of interests of LLA (Lithuanian Freedom Army, the official name of Lithuania's "forest brothers"). But in Grodno region there are not many, but there were.
                    Both historically and geographically. Imagine from Lithuania getting to almost Ukraine itself? At least 2-3 months on foot through swamps and forests. And very few would have reached such groups.
        3. Litsvin
          Litsvin 6 February 2016 14: 44
          12
          Dear Victor. I got the impression that you yourself are directly related to our White Russia. At least on the topic discussed in the article, you know the "subject of discussion" more precisely than the author of the article. On my own behalf, as a Belarusian from Western Belarus, I can say the following - the so-called "Akovtsy" were ordinary "Polish chauvinist bandits" - this is the most accurate short name reflecting the essence of the Home Army.
          Ethnically, the AK consisted of 80 percent of Poles, the rest of the formerly Catholicized ethnic Belarusians and Ukrainians. The "management personnel" of both the AK as a whole and of its individual detachments consisted of professional Polish military personnel who took part in the Soviet-Polish war of 1921, the Polish-German war of 1939. These shortcomings, TO THE GREAT SORRY, did not fall into German or Soviet captivity, and led this Polish-partisan gang operating on our land. They had one goal - "Neh bandze polska odo mozha do mozha", i.e. their dumb minds dreamed of restoring the Rzeczpospolita within 1775 - the actual cultural historical polish in the center of the state and the exploited outskirts (this is Belaya Rus, Ukraine, a little Slovakia, Czech Republic).
          In essence, AKovtsy for us Belarusians are blood enemies, just like the Nazis. Chauvinistically, the Poles always did not consider us Litvinians-Belarusians as people, they tried to erase our faith (Krevskaya Union), to tidy up our land (Lublin Union). They scoffed as they could, while our lands were part of the Rzeczposplita - although formally it was a confidential state - we had Litvinians (Belarusians) had their own Statute (modern Constitution), their own treasury, their own money (Tellers VKLRZH), our army, judicial system, faith (Uniate was more gravitated to Orthodoxy, and in fact was the first attempt in Europe to unite two Christian denominations). Nevertheless, the Poles especially zealously took up the Belarusians during the temporary occupation of our land from 1921 to 1939. On this topic, I can write a lot, based on the stories of my ancestors and other rostvenniks who directly lived in Western Belarus, including Polesie at the indicated time.
          As for the Akovtsy, they are in our FIRST TIME engaged in robbery and intimidation of civilians, the murders of Soviet officials and activists, and creative intelligentsia. And only secondarily - the struggle with the Germans, in which they had no particular success. When the Mighty Soviet Army came here, the AK men began to fight with it, unsuccessfully. In addition, our partisans made a significant contribution to the destruction of AK. If at first there was practically no war of our partisans over Western Belarus, then closer to the middle of 1943 it was an organized force. At one fine moment, a pointer was written from Moscow - consider the AK officers as accomplices of the German occupiers and destroy them. Then they finished. The remnants finished off part of the NKVD at the end of 1944 - 1945.
          My ancestors were mostly ordinary Belarusian peasants, and as eyewitnesses of those events, they spoke extremely negatively about AK soldiers.
          1. Olga Zaitseva
            6 February 2016 14: 51
            -2
            I understand your feelings ...
            But, firstly, 40% of AK fighters in Western Belarus were Belarusians, and mostly Orthodox. In the 47 Brest circuit, in general, most of the militants were Orthodox, including Captain Treplinsky (also Orthodox, like his Polish mother), who even removed Catholics from managerial posts. Well, and secondly, individual AK gangs operated until the 1953 of the year and not until the 1945. By the way, this connection, which is described in the article, was disbanded by its leader only in the 1951 year, when a small handful of militants remained.
            1. The comment was deleted.
            2. viktorMinskiy
              viktorMinskiy 6 February 2016 20: 19
              0
              I agree with you. There are many inaccuracies in the article ... as well as in general in the entire content of the site. The article is incomplete crude ....
          2. Victor jnnjdfy
            Victor jnnjdfy 6 February 2016 15: 35
            +2
            The first partition of the echi Pospolita was in 1774. But that's not the point. The enmity between Poles and Belarusians (if you write in Russian, then that is exactly how, and not through "a") in those parts was and remained. There were also large numbers of Jews before the Second World War, and the relationship with Poles and Belarusians is a separate issue. But!!! Poles and Belarusians lived and live in Western Belarus without enmity and bloody conflicts. And our Earth "was not glorified" by Jewish pogroms. There is no need to call someone blood enemies, if before that everything was somehow managed without special blood.

            Belarusians, as a nation, were formed 150 years ago (like the modern Belarusian language). Litvinians lived on the territory of present-day Belarus, and before them, Dregovichi and Yatvyag (specifically, on the territory of the present Grodno region). The Yatvyagians, so the Baltic people in general, are not Slavs at all ... Therefore, Vitovt and Gedimin should not be ranked among the great Belarusians, as was the case in the early 90s due to a slight nationalist fervor.

            The gentry, that in Poland, in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, she considered herself to be the descendants of the Sarmatians, and the rest for her were alien to the B.Y. Neschlyahta got here and there. Although both of them were of the same blood. According to the new Constitution of Rachel Commonwealth of 1791, it was planned to create a single state from Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania with the Polish king at the head, but the neighboring states did not allow the gentry to do this.

            Ordinary Belarusian peasants spoke extremely negatively about Soviet partisans. When the mass transfer of paratroopers to the partisan groups began because of the front line and the special forces, then it became easier for local residents in this regard. Specialists worked without sparing either themselves or the Soviet partisans.
          3. viktorMinskiy
            viktorMinskiy 6 February 2016 20: 14
            +2
            Thanks to the fellow countryman for the detailed and competent answer. All in essence. And the article, in principle, is not bad. the question is in what context to consider it. I think and I am sure that she is more interested in Belarusians themselves. From the comments you can see who is Belarus or the person owning this material. In any case, an interesting discussion ensued. I think the article is 4 ku ... grind it to add facts. But here, of course, it’s impossible to compare the situation that occurred during the period of acupation up to 39g .. and what AKovtsy did. It was a shock to me at the time when I learned from the elders what the Poles did during the acupuncture period at 20-30, I definitely don’t understand the year ... then I learned from historical sources to confirm the facts of their atrocities against the civilian population. And the shock was exactly that it was not far from the town of Berezino - and this is practically the center of Belarus where my grandparents lived directly .. well, all my relatives.
          4. Mista_dj
            Mista_dj 9 February 2016 07: 20
            +2
            +1
            Both my grandfather and grandmother heroically defended their homeland!
            Both grandfathers of my wife (they are from Mozyr. Moklische village, if Che) heroically defended their homeland!
            And these tv-ari (ak, upa and other sr-an) they shot in the back!
            It makes no difference to me who they are by faith or tribe, they are just enemies!

            It is a pity that they spared many then.
            Ropes Stalin regretted ...
          5. The comment was deleted.
      2. Iline
        Iline 6 February 2016 09: 38
        +3
        Quote: Olga Zaitseva
        then it says that somewhere around half of the Poles circled the fighters, and about half are Rusyns

        Oh oh oh...
        So I think that before writing this kind of article in which certain nationalities, nationalities and national groups are touched, this issue would have to be carefully studied.
        I have lived in Western Belarus for a long time and I can say that there really is a part of Belarusians who call themselves Rusyns, part of the Polushuks. There even Ivanovo there. And among the names of villages you can often find, for example, a type of Rusino. However, like the villages of Lithuania (in memory of their history as part of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania). But all this is Belarusians.
        But in fact, after the war there was a rather complicated attitude towards Soviet power. And partly these residents can be understood in this - closer to the end of the 39th year they moved to the USSR, and already in the middle of the 41st they came under Germany. For such a short period of time they could not inflame love for the USSR.
        1. Victor jnnjdfy
          Victor jnnjdfy 6 February 2016 10: 16
          +5
          There, Western Belarus is different. It is even divided by Belovezhskaya and Ruzhanskaya Pushcha. Nature has tried .. Therefore, the western part of the Grodno region and the western part of the Brest region are not the same in terms of language, religion and traditions. In Grodno there are no Poleshuk, and in Brest there are few Poles. I have never heard that someone called themselves "Rusyn" there. Although, perhaps this self-name comes from the name of the village or town.
          My grandfather (born in 1900) lived all his life in the Grodno region. In 1944, he saw already the 8th (eighth !!!) power in his lifetime. After 1939, the Bolsheviks managed to turn many local residents against themselves. In 1941, the Nazis were often greeted there as liberators from the Bolsheviks. True, soon local residents were already waiting for the arrival of the Red Army. "Civilized Europe" in a short time showed itself there in all "its glory". At the same time, I had to hear from the old Poleshuk people, who were peasants, that their life was worst under Poland, and not under the Soviets.
          1. Olga Zaitseva
            6 February 2016 10: 27
            +1
            Nobody called himself Rusyn especially in Polissya. This I gave an example from the summaries of the commanders of this AK unit. Rather, they wrote that way of those who called themselves Poleshuk and Belarusians. They wrote Russians and Jews (or, as it says, zydzi) separately, but did not accept Ukrainians into their ranks at all and, moreover, considered them enemies of "free" Poland.
            In general, the attitude of the population towards AK in that area, as noted by its feelings in communicating with local residents, was 50 on 50. Poles, Jews (many of the survivors also did not accept the Soviet regime, even gave examples from the reports of the Ministry of Internal Affairs), most of the Belarusians (or your Poleshuk) and some Russians (though these are units of criminals, collaborators and deserters who went there to serve, as well as their families) supported them, but the Ukrainians and most of the Russians hated and feared.
    2. Lex.
      Lex. 6 February 2016 08: 42
      +3
      Paleshuki are Belarusians and you don’t need to attribute them to the Ukrainians, they just live next to the Ukrainians, so the languages ​​mixed in woodland, by the way, and the Pinchuk people live.
      1. kin
        kin 6 February 2016 14: 16
        +3
        I have certainly not read scientific research on this. But, as I understand it, in order to correlate a population with any people, you need to bring it under the appropriate definition (find features). Poleshuk probably have a lot of mixed traits with Ukrainians, Belarusians, and something should be distinctive. Therefore, they are probably just a kind of "clay". Depending on who and what wants to blind them, those traits will prevail, so will their further identity. Perhaps this is a common thing for the population of the border area? Or am I mistaken in something?
    3. Lex.
      Lex. 6 February 2016 08: 43
      +2
      Paleshuki are Belarusians and you don’t need to attribute them to the Ukrainians, they just live next to the Ukrainians, so the languages ​​mixed in woodland, by the way, and the Pinchuk people live.
      1. Olga Zaitseva
        6 February 2016 08: 51
        0
        According to censuses, in the Brest region, as it were, about 60 thousand Ukrainians live.
        1. Victor jnnjdfy
          Victor jnnjdfy 6 February 2016 09: 10
          +1
          Under Soviet rule in Ukraine, the Western Poleshuk became Ukrainians, and in Belarus Belarusians. Polesie stretches from West to East from Poland to Russia. We are talking about the west of Polesie, which until the year 39 was the territory of Poland.
          My grandfather-Poleshuk was born in the town of Malorita near Brest. After the Civil War, he lived in Moscow and called himself Ukrainian, and after 39 he "renamed" himself a Belarusian in accordance with the Party's policy. Western Poleshuk had their own language more like Ukrainian and their own traditions. This is a separate ethnic group.
          1. Olga Zaitseva
            6 February 2016 09: 16
            +1
            Nevertheless, apparently a large part of the Poleshuk, at that time, even being the Orthodox faith, considered itself Poles. I have already commented on the results of the 1921 census of the year.
            In addition, even the Orthodox population, as you can see, actively supported the formation of the Home Army in those places. Although there was clearly a conflict with the "standard" Poles - Captain Treplinsky (also Orthodox) had to even distribute command posts in the unit almost exclusively to immigrants from the local Orthodox population.
            1. Victor jnnjdfy
              Victor jnnjdfy 6 February 2016 09: 33
              0
              There were (now they are practically gone, because who was repressed, who died, who left for permanent residence in Poland after the Second World War) ethnic Poles and the polonized and catholicized local population, who go not to church, but to the church. "Standard Poles "- this is strong !!!
              1. Olga Zaitseva
                6 February 2016 10: 10
                0
                Well, the local population was clearly not catholicized, with rare exceptions, but polished - completely. Perhaps the mother of the same Treplinsky just two generations ago had ancestors as ordinary Belarusians or the same half-husks, or even Ukrainians.
                All the same, Orthodox believers and zealous Polish patriots are also strong!
            2. Lex.
              Lex. 6 February 2016 20: 19
              +1
              even being the Orthodox faith, she considered herself to be Poles. By the way in the 16th century, Ukrainians and Belarusians were called Rusyns and there were no special differences
          2. Lex.
            Lex. 6 February 2016 09: 42
            +1
            Under Soviet rule in Ukraine, the Western Poleshuk became Ukrainians, and in Belarus Belarusians. Polesie stretches from West to East from Poland to Russia. We are talking about the west of Polesie, which until the year 39 was the territory of Poland.
            My grandfather-Poleshuk was born in the town of Malorita near Brest. After the Civil War, he lived in Moscow and called himself Ukrainian, and after 39 he "renamed" himself a Belarusian in accordance with the Party's policy. Western Poleshuk had their own language more like Ukrainian and their own traditions. This is a separate ethnic group
            But the polishuki themselves don’t think so as if your grandfather supposedly raised an uprising against Ukraine, who occupied them, here’s a reference, by the way, those who joined the Bolsheviks supported
            http://news.tut.by/society/431295.html
            1. Olga Zaitseva
              6 February 2016 10: 14
              0
              But the polishuki themselves don’t think so as if your grandfather supposedly raised an uprising against Ukraine, who occupied them, here’s a reference, by the way, those who joined the Bolsheviks supported
              http://news.tut.by/society/431295.html

              The events described in my article with Oleg Viktorovich took place more than 25 years after the ones given in the article that you gave. Comparing this is stupid.
              1. Lex.
                Lex. 6 February 2016 11: 14
                +1
                Olga Zaitseva - You write nonsense, even the one who has not read the argument goes on and the identification of Polishchuk as Belarusians
                1. Olga Zaitseva
                  6 February 2016 11: 27
                  +1
                  Who the Poleshuki belong to is a completely separate topic. But in this article, the fact is different - in any case, AK fighters in this region and their supporters either identified themselves as Poles or supported Poland at one time. And in any case, most of them were full-lingual, despite the Orthodox religion, although it is possible that they are descent-born Belarusians / Ukrainians / Poleshuk.
                  And the origin of Poleshuk, at the moment, does not interest me at all. And if you are interested, then open a separate topic for this. Perhaps with pleasure I will participate there. But not in the near future.
                  1. Lex.
                    Lex. 6 February 2016 13: 47
                    +5
                    although it is possible that by origin these are marginalized Belarusians / Ukrainians / polechuks — do not write nonsense; on these lands precipitators composed of veterans of the Polish army received land allotments fought. Yes, and some one who did not join these lands were ONL and later Speech Pospolit
                    1. Olga Zaitseva
                      6 February 2016 14: 11
                      -1
                      Orthodox besiegers from Poland - this is exactly nonsense.
                      "Census of 1921, Brest, Drogichinsky, Kobrinsky, Kossovsky, Luninetsky, Pinsky, Pruzhansky districts of Polesie voivodeship: Belarusians 374615 people, Rusyns (Ukrainians) 10833 people, Russians 3491 people, local residents 27761 people, Orthodox "Poles" about 110 thousand people. "

                      This is how you explain? 110 thousand, in your opinion, they wrote from the head, for propaganda purposes?
                      Yes, and someone was not polished, these lands were included in the ON and later the Commonwealth

                      And the Commonwealth is not Poland? What language was there based on? Is it really Belarusian?
                      Let's stop the ethnological debate. In fact, we are now flooding. Here is an article about a military-political organization, and not who came from whom and who smoothed whom or not. For disputes of an ethnological nature - a separate topic.
                      1. Victor jnnjdfy
                        Victor jnnjdfy 6 February 2016 15: 47
                        +2
                        Olga, without understanding ethnic groups and religious and confessional affiliation, it is impossible to understand the rest. Including with "military-political organizations". Everything is buried there very deep and far, and still everything is very confusing. And Zhech Pospolita is a confederation of the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, and the state languages ​​there for a long time were different, and ...
                      2. Olga Zaitseva
                        6 February 2016 15: 56
                        0
                        Well, here's the 47th Brest AK contour: most of the soldiers, privates and officers are Orthodox, as is the commandant of the contour, Captain Treplinsky (his mother is an Orthodox Polish woman, his father is a Lithuanian Catholic, although his grandfather is still a Jew baptized by him). They were nourished by an Orthodox priest and local Orthodox parishes supported them in general. However, the majority considered themselves to be of Polish nationality and fought "for Poland". They spoke Polish.
                        How to be here?
                  2. Litsvin
                    Litsvin 6 February 2016 19: 32
                    +2
                    Lex, I'm good for you. You know the topic, no questions asked. Maybe your ancestors are from here, from Palesya. Judging by the flag, you may be Jewish. Earlier, before the war, there were many Jews in Polesie, unfortunately now there are practically no Jews. In the village of Motol, Jews made a cast sausage. The Belarusians have preserved this tradition and recipe, now the Motol sausage is the best of the best. Wherever I go to visit, friends always ask me to bring "Motol sausages". Greetings to the State of Israel.
                    1. viktorMinskiy
                      viktorMinskiy 6 February 2016 20: 22
                      0
                      Every time I go in and I have a new flag)) this is not an indicator ... It can be seen as more convenient for the moderator ...
        2. Serg koma
          Serg koma 8 February 2016 06: 46
          0
          Quote: Victor Jnnjdfy
          called himself Ukrainian, and after 39 he "renamed" himself a Belarusian in accordance with the policy of the Party

          USSR, Western Siberia. The family of a classmate consisted of: a Belarusian father, a Ukrainian mother, an eldest Belarusian son, a Ukrainian middle son, a Russian youngest son (the nationality of the sons according to the "passport")
          "The unbreakable union of the free republics
          Great Russia united forever. "
          laughing
  3. Good cat
    Good cat 6 February 2016 09: 18
    0
    Even, judging by some sentences, it is not written in Russian or the translation is clumsy
  4. UNFAMILIAR
    UNFAMILIAR 6 February 2016 14: 25
    +2
    Quote: Victor Jnnjdfy
    "Orthodox Pole" is a "Jew-reindeer herder"

    But what about Brockhaus and Efron, which ascribes 5% of Orthodox Christians according to the religious composition of Poles? And the article, IHNYAYA, is of course a curve.
  • midshipman
    midshipman 6 February 2016 09: 36
    +8
    I had a good friend, Colonel Yevsky YI - Head of the Department in the Air Force Ordering Directorate (Moscow, Pirogovskaya St.). He once told me the case of how he encountered these AK fighters. He and three lieutenants came to the Carpathians to assess the possibility of restoring one airfield. The chairman of the Village Council placed them for the night in the teacher's house. Ever since the war, Yevsky always went to bed with a weapon. So he did this time too. And his subordinates put their submachine guns in a corner. At night, the door opens and four AK fighters illuminate the sleeping Red Army officers with a flashlight. The command follows: "Get up". Yuri Ivanovich moved the bolt of the machine gun and through the raincoat the tent with which they were covered, he laid these defenders of Poland. Then we went out into the yard, the zazik was already prepared for theft by these defenders. The AK fighters had a lot of sympathizers, like the Bandera in that region of the USSR.
    In 1987, I had to be in Warsaw. It was necessary for the Polish comrades to help begin the production of the ARC for the AN-2 aircraft, which was transferred to them for manufacture. So in Warsaw a monument was preserved and no one demolished it, Prime Minister of Poland in London Michalczyk. This is how we lived. I have the honor.
    1. Victor jnnjdfy
      Victor jnnjdfy 6 February 2016 10: 31
      +2
      The Carpathians is from a completely different opera and the situation was completely different there. Before WWII, the Hutsuls of the Poles were set on fire, and the Poles planted them. So they had fun. During the Second World War, the Hutsuls (Bandera) engaged in the physical destruction of the Poles, and the Poles (AK) in response to the destruction of the Hutsuls (there are Lemki, and fights ...). And all of them also acted against the Soviet regime. But the Poleshuk in the Carpathians were never found as a species.
    2. Captain nemo
      Captain nemo 6 February 2016 22: 06
      +1
      Quote: midshipman
      At night, the door opens and four AK fighters illuminate the sleeping Red Army officers with a flashlight. The command follows: "Get up". Yuri Ivanovich moved the bolt of the machine gun and through the raincoat the tent with which they were covered, laid these defenders of Poland. Then we went out into the yard, the zazik was already prepared for theft by these defenders. The AK fighters had a lot of sympathizers, like the Bandera in that region of the USSR.

      And you do not admit, in that situation, that these were not the Poles of the "Army of the Territory", but all the same UPA UNSO fighters, disguised in the Polish AK uniform, if all four of them were killed?
    3. Captain nemo
      Captain nemo 6 February 2016 22: 06
      +1
      Quote: midshipman
      At night, the door opens and four AK fighters illuminate the sleeping Red Army officers with a flashlight. The command follows: "Get up". Yuri Ivanovich moved the bolt of the machine gun and through the raincoat the tent with which they were covered, laid these defenders of Poland. Then we went out into the yard, the zazik was already prepared for theft by these defenders. The AK fighters had a lot of sympathizers, like the Bandera in that region of the USSR.

      And you do not admit, in that situation, that these were not the Poles of the "Army of the Territory", but all the same UPA UNSO fighters, disguised in the Polish AK uniform, if all four of them were killed?
      Otherwise, it doesn't work out very well, in the fact that Poland seems to have territorial claims to this day in Transcarpathia, which in the entire history of Poland has never been part of Poland. This is probably from the realm of fantasy, as if the Northern Podlasie, not expected for everyone, would suddenly become Ukraine, like "Crimea is Ukraine" as a result of the "collapse of the USSR."
  • kin
    kin 6 February 2016 11: 48
    +4
    If after the war they fought for another 20 years, then, probably, in Syria, Novorossia and other places where there is a civil war, the conflict can also drag on for a whole generation of interested parties. Horror for the common man! The civilian population will suffer, young boys will be destroyed.
  • Jääkorppi
    Jääkorppi 6 February 2016 12: 20
    +2
    I support the first post and ask you to respect the Russian language. THEM - this is the village! Thanks for the article! From my grandfather, I still have hatred for all these bandits (Akovtsy, Banderovtsy and other forest brothers)! But, as you can see, in Ukraine, they did not finish off all this fraternity! And the so-called "secret protocols" to the Molotov-Ribentrop pact, presented under Yeltsin, are a fake, and the introduction of Soviet troops into the territory of Ukraine and Belarus is the liberation of the western part of the Russian state! It would be necessary to correctly place political accents. And the article does not reflect the political views of the members of the gangs! You have to understand that these are just bandits hiding behind nationalist ideology!
    1. Lex.
      Lex. 6 February 2016 13: 51
      +3
      JääKorppi-So what does Belarusians and Ukrainians do not have their own identity?
      Do you know that Belarusians are half yatving and that the Baltic tribes were there before Kievan Rus
      1. Captain nemo
        Captain nemo 6 February 2016 23: 43
        +1
        Quote: Lex.
        that the Baltic tribes before Kievan Rus were there

        Most likely they were already there before the birth of Jesus Christ.
  • kotvov
    kotvov 6 February 2016 13: 11
    +1
    He went to a lying trick: he appropriated the rank of captain ,,
    well, senya, who is not senya, apparently read the story smile
    1. Olga Zaitseva
      6 February 2016 13: 20
      0
      well, senya, who is not senya, apparently read the story

      Funny saying. And can its meaning be? smile
      1. Captain nemo
        Captain nemo 6 February 2016 23: 48
        0
        Quote: Olga Zaitseva
        Funny saying. And can its meaning be?

        Probably here it is meant, as Arseniy Yatsenyuk, "displaced" Yanukovych, with the help of iPhone in the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, in the third decade of February 2014.
      2. The comment was deleted.
  • iouris
    iouris 6 February 2016 13: 54
    +5
    The topic is delicate given the complexity of the "Polish question".
    In the Soviet period, the role of AK was simply hushed up.
    Today this question needs to be taken out of the shadows, given that the heirs of the AK are in power.
    But Poland was liberated by Soviet troops and units of the future Polish Army, not by AK. After the Red Army entered Poland (and even earlier), the AK began to fight the USSR, often entering into various deals with the SS. This is despite the fact that Poland was officially an ally of the anti-Hitler coalition. Consequently, the "activity" of the AK was illegal from the point of view of international law after the Tehran and Yalta conferences of leaders. Under these agreements, Poland withdrew to the Soviet zone of influence, for example, France, Italy and Greece - to the west.
    So AK are the same Bandera, criminals. And those who heroize them are criminals doubly.
    1. Captain nemo
      Captain nemo 7 February 2016 00: 09
      0
      Quote: iouris
      Consequently, the "activity" of the AK was illegal from the point of view of international law after the Tehran and Yalta conferences of leaders. Under these agreements, Poland withdrew into the Soviet zone of influence

      Ak was created even before Tehran and Yalta, so it’s not that it was there under some kind of "international law", but by the nature of things, it was already legal even before December 1943. In Tehran and Yalta, the issue of redrawing the Polish borders was decided on the "basis" that arose from the non-existence of the "Riga World" and zones of occupation, not "zones of influence", otherwise Austria, Finland and Albania somehow do not fit into this definition.
  • Waciak
    Waciak 6 February 2016 14: 39
    0
    Your comments are more valuable than one article.
    I will not argue with the contents of this article, although I disagree with him in several places. I have only one general attention.
    Russians often refer to the supposed great-power self-esteem of the Poles, the Polish "lords", "imperialists".
    At the same time, it is shyly hushed up, or just too lazy to take into account the fact that on September 17, 1939, the territory recognized as international society of Poland was attacked by the then USSR - by agreement of the Ribbentrop Molotov pact. Poland was divided in half into Germany and the Soviet Union. This is the same aggression from both of these states against Poland.

    My question is - where are the great-power self-esteem here and who really shows them?

    This may be a detail, but dressing real aggression in some nice words about "liberating" Western Belarus is just flirting with a lie.
    1. UNFAMILIAR
      UNFAMILIAR 6 February 2016 15: 34
      +3
      Quote: Waciak
      Your comments are more valuable than one article.
      I will not argue with the contents of this article, although I disagree with him in several places. I have only one general attention.
      Russians often refer to the supposed great-power self-esteem of the Poles, the Polish "lords", "imperialists".
      At the same time, it is shyly hushed up, or just too lazy to take into account the fact that on September 17, 1939, the territory recognized as international society of Poland was attacked by the then USSR - by agreement of the Ribbentrop Molotov pact. Poland was divided in half into Germany and the Soviet Union. This is the same aggression from both of these states against Poland.

      My question is - where are the great-power self-esteem here and who really shows them?

      This may be a detail, but dressing real aggression in some nice words about "liberating" Western Belarus is just flirting with a lie.

      I propose, for example, in Germany introduced criminal liability "for denying the Holocaust", introduce administrative responsibility for conversations between Russians and Poles on historical topics (well, about dinosaurs and before ... the great migration of peoples, you can ... and then 15 days on both sides of the border) They invited Medinsky to TV, the presenter deviated from the neutral topic, the minister replied - both are in jail, the TV channel is fined. Otherwise, we cannot move on, because "both are right", we will not have the Yeltsin era of self-flagellation, and we will also expect from you There is no need to wait for the constructive of the younger brother of the times of the NDP, but good-neighborliness is needed!
      Well, if you certainly don’t hope in our territory so little blood, then wind up hi
    2. Victor jnnjdfy
      Victor jnnjdfy 6 February 2016 16: 00
      +6
      Pan Waciak suffers from partial amnesia. For he does not remember the Pilsudski-Hitler Pact (January 1936, if my memory serves me right). He does not remember that in 1938, Germany, Hungary and Poland dragged Czechoslovakia. In my opinion, Poland entered the Cieszyn region before anyone else. He doesn’t remember that it was Poland that torpedoed all the attempts of the USSR to create some kind of coalition against Germany on the eve of the war ... And read the Polish pre-war newspapers. The Poles were sure that a week after the start of the war with Germany, they would enter victorious in Berlin. And in the end, in 1939, Poland jumped ...

      Poles need to know the history of Poland better! And not selectively!
      1. Waciak
        Waciak 6 February 2016 16: 28
        +1
        The history of each country has its ups and downs. Being a Pole, I am also blind and deaf to understanding the mistakes of Polish politics - like a Russian who is blind and deaf to the obvious sins that happened in the history of Russia.

        As a Pole, I do not demand self-flagellation of myself through the Russians. I expect they will just realize that September 17, 1939 is stripped of the Poles as a day of aggression on Poland. This is a fact and this fact does not contradict the fact that Polish foreign policy also behaved badly at times.

        In addition, the thing concerns history and only history. hi
        1. stalkerwalker
          stalkerwalker 6 February 2016 16: 47
          +5
          Quote: Waciak
          . I expect they will just realize that September 17, 1939 is stripped of the Poles as a day of aggression on Poland.

          Vacek ...
          You are definitely a Pole. Because crying that you offended your country 17.09.1939/1918/XNUMX. What they like to remind about on the Polish TV channel "History". Also, there, without much hesitation, they show footage of the occupation of the western regions of Russia (future seedlings), including Lviv and Vilna, in XNUMX.
          After all, you, the new Poles, Józek Pilsudski is a national hero. And everything that happened in Poland from 1918 to 1939 was directly fanned by a halo of romantic heroism.
          Again, they are raising a case about the Tu-154, which crashed near Smolensk in 2010.
          You do not catch the connection between 1918 and today?
          And what analogies come to mind?
          PS
          You had a real general, a hero of the Great Patriotic War. A real Pole. Who did not let the "Polish Maidan" break out in 1980. I saw his funeral in 2014 on Polish TV. This was such a shame for the entire Polish people!
          1. Waciak
            Waciak 6 February 2016 17: 18
            +2
            Sorry Winetou, but I didn’t arrange a funeral for Jaruzelski.
            1. stalkerwalker
              stalkerwalker 6 February 2016 17: 30
              +3
              But how do you cry ....
              In what kind of Poland do you pour tears?
    3. viktorMinskiy
      viktorMinskiy 6 February 2016 20: 30
      -2
      I agree with the authors ..
    4. iouris
      iouris 6 February 2016 20: 43
      +2
      Russia has always been against the partition of Poland due to the religious factor. But they were imposed by your neighbors Austro-Hungarian and Prussia. As for the actions of Stalin, they were tactical in nature, like the notorious Molotoff-Ribentrop pact.
      However, we must not forget that the Bolshevik government included many Poles, for example: Dzerzhinsky, Bonch-Bruevich. The international considered the USSR as the basis for the world revolution, and not as Russia, and the Russian people in the USSR, in fact, did not have statehood. So the claims of some Poles against the Russians are, to put it mildly, strange. Especially when you consider that Stalin, Beria were not Russian, and Khrushchev, Brezhnev, strictly speaking, Ukrainians.
      The partition of Poland is a natural consequence of Russophobia of the Polish leadership: in 1938, Poland refused to let the Red Army into Czechoslovakia. And it’s clear why. The Munich conspiracy and conspiracy of the Polish government with Hitler, as well as the hope of participation in the upcoming division of the USSR - this is the real reason for what happened in 1939. I’m sure that Kaczynski, who constantly reminded his British, French and American allies of Munich, and then of the allies' failure to fulfill obligations after Hitler’s attack, in order, first of all, to bargain economic preferences for his country, was not only not loved by them, but also became a political outcast. Didn’t the Poles see that Medvedev alone came to the funeral? So the causes of the disaster in Smolensk must not be sought in Russia.
      As for the "liberation" of Western Belarus, it must be understood differently: liberation from the yoke of capital. At the time, the approach was classy, ​​don't forget that. By the way, people are divided first into classes, and only then into nationalities.
      In Poland, there was, and probably still is, a civil war between "Westernizers" and supporters of independence.
      Poland became independent from the USSR without war thanks to the USSR and what did we get?
    5. Captain nemo
      Captain nemo 7 February 2016 00: 36
      +1
      Quote: Waciak
      On September 17, 1939, the territory recognized by the international community of Poland was attacked by the then USSR - by agreement of the Ribbentrop Molotov Pact. Poland was divided in half into Germany and the Soviet Union. This is the same aggression from both of these states against Poland. My question is - where are the great-power self-esteem here and who really shows them ?.

      What I did not like most about this article was that Western Belarus and the Vilnius Region were called the authors of the article Poland.
      And who drew the Curzon Line, oh, how long before 1939 and even before the signing of the Riga Peace - the Poles themselves or the International Community?
      Or is it not considered openly "dividing spheres of influence" in Poland?
      And on September 17, 1939, Poland did not make sufficient efforts to fulfill its obligations to the USSR under the Riga Treaty, to protect the population living in Western Belarus from third parties (Germany). And if, by simple means, she did not save the territory occupied by Poland in Riga from hostilities. You can tell tales about the Molotov-Ribentrop pacts to your children and grandchildren. Territories are not captured by one stroke of the pen, by the leadership of two countries against third countries. And this was indeed the liberation of Western Belarus and Vilnius from the Polish occupation, which was recognized in 1939 by the League of Nations. This is at the expense of Finland, which snatched a piece of Russian land from Lenin and the occupation of the Baltic states, you can give us claims for occupation, but do not forget who in 1919 was the real aggressor who unleashed the Soviet-Polish war in the very "Soviet" ZUNR and Lithuania.
  • Litsvin
    Litsvin 6 February 2016 19: 12
    +4
    Quote: Waciak
    Your comments are more valuable than one article.
    I will not argue with the contents of this article, although I disagree with him in several places. I have only one general attention.
    Russians often refer to the supposed great-power self-esteem of the Poles, the Polish "lords", "imperialists".
    At the same time, it is shyly hushed up, or just too lazy to take into account the fact that on September 17, 1939, the territory recognized as international society of Poland was attacked by the then USSR - by agreement of the Ribbentrop Molotov pact. Poland was divided in half into Germany and the Soviet Union. This is the same aggression from both of these states against Poland.

    My question is - where are the great-power self-esteem here and who really shows them?

    This may be a detail, but dressing real aggression in some nice words about "liberating" Western Belarus is just flirting with a lie.


    ] Yes, what are you saying !!!!! ????? And how flattered as a result of the Munich agreement with Hitler "snatched" Bohemia from the Czech Republic ???
    And the land of modern Ukraine, how cleverly you chop off Litvin-Belarusians in us as a result of the Union of Lublin ??? We conquered this land from the Mongols and liberated our Slavic brothers from the Mongols in 1362 as a result of the Great Battle of the Blue Waters. Our prince Algerd defeated the cross-eyed, freed the South Russians from tribute, connected the lands to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, gave people peace, protection, and the opportunity to work for themselves. So far, you Poles, by cunning and meanness, using the problems of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in the struggle against the Principality of Moscow, have not taken the land of future Ukraine for economic exploitation. And our lands - of White Russia in 1921, how did you tidy up and scoff at Belarus ???? And Krevsky (church) union how cleverly you used for your vile purposes ??? Therefore, sit quietly, like mice that know whose grain they ate. And then the fourth (final) division of flattering will happen soon, all the more HISTORICALLY half of modern Poland does not belong to it: western Poland - from Stetten to Breslau - is historical eastern Germany (it was colonized by the Germans and Polabian Slavs were selected, but not among the Poles), northern Poland - from Stetten to the border with the Kaliningrad region of the Russian Federation - these are the lands of the Baltov-Prussians-Yatvyagov, which the Teutons seized from them and then colonized, from Belastock and already to the towns of Belavezha and Belsk-Podlaski - these are our lands of Litvinians-Belarusians and oxen Nyan, originally part of the Principality of Novogrudok and Galicia-Volyn, part of the lands of the southeast of Poland should belong to Ukraine - this is the land of the former Galicia-Volyn principality, Bohemia (all without exception) is the land of the Czech Republic. Here is Wai and historical justice, REAL JUSTICE. Yours, originally Polish, is Krakow and Warsaw. And the point.
  • Litsvin
    Litsvin 6 February 2016 19: 20
    +7
    Quote: Olga Zaitseva
    I just wanted to say that there were no Lithuanian nationalists in Polissya. There were Belarusian, Polish and Ukrainian. For Polissya was not included in the sphere of interests of LLA (Lithuanian Freedom Army, the official name of Lithuania's "forest brothers"). But in Grodno region there are not many, but there were.
    Both historically and geographically. Imagine from Lithuania getting to almost Ukraine itself? At least 2-3 months on foot through swamps and forests. And very few would have reached such groups.

    Shannaya spadary Volga Zaitsava! I am velmi, who already at the raseysk city of Uladzimira Vyalikim (he called it nekali yago) sounded the old theme "armii edge". Yalezh, kab getu temu dasledvats z kankretna-gistarychnaya kropki zroku, treba, persh-napersh, zvjartazza near the regional archives Berasceiskai, Grodno i Minskai ablastsei, as well as the archives of Belarus NKUS. Without a getag dasledvanne it is impossible to be an abject, tamu dazenya, which you have, yana velmi "vuzkiya". (I wrote it in Belarusian, I apologize that without our "apostrophe" instead of a solid sign and "y" instead of "u-clumsy", because they are not on the keyboard).
    About 40 or 60 or 80 percentages is a very controversial topic. Also about the time of their liquidation, as well as about the effectiveness of their subversive activities against the Germans. Here is an example for you, based on eyewitness accounts. I'll start from afar ... One of my indirect "ancestors" (maybe my grandfather's cousin, maybe his uncle - I don't know for sure the degree of kinship, and I have no one else to clarify for 30 years already), lived on a farm not far away near the town of Vysokoe Brest region ( by the way, Vladimir Vysotsky - got his last name from this our town). I will call him grandfather Semyon. The farm system was implemented by the Polish authorities "in continuation" of the policy of the Great Peter Stolypin. They understood the essence and perspective of the agrarian reform of this great Russian politician. After the occupation of Western Belarus in 1921, they began a tough policy of Catholicization and Polonization of Belarusians. Its essence was that all the "local" - Belarusians, Ukrainians, zhamoits (these are those who now call themselves "Lithuanians", having no historical right to do so, just as modern Lithuania is a historical Zhmud, and the ON is the state of "Litvin" ie, according to the modern Belarusians), Russians (in the sense of those who came here during the time of the Russian Empire), zhydy (in Russian, Jews, the correct name in the Belarusian language of this ethnos is precisely "zhydy", the word came into our language from the Czech Republic (zid) and Poland (zуd) at the end of the 14th century) were declared inferior citizens. This is the result of the policy of the scum Józef Pilsudski, whose "dried up mummy" the Polish chauvinists still "carry on their hands." Here are some of his phrases: "Belarusians !!! ??? I don't know such a nation ...", ".... Ukrainians are slaves who must sow bread for the Poles, there is no need to teach them to read and write ...." , during one of the parades in Baranovichi: "Yes, Panov, this is not Poland (about Belarus and Belarusians).
    This farm was founded by the family of Grandfather Semyon on the land purchased under Tsar Nicholas 2. A large family lived and maintained subsistence farming. The Poles came in 1921 and told his dad - we will take part of the land from you for free and give it to the Polish besieger (the so-called Poles who moved to Belarus from Poland).
  • Litsvin
    Litsvin 6 February 2016 19: 21
    +4
    Continuation. If you want to save the land, go with your family to Catholics. Grandfather Semen was the eldest son in the family and out of a fever took up the pitchfork, since the land was the highest value, and the faith of the ancestors did not change. Him to a Polish prison - on the type "kurva-Bolshevik". Somehow they lived in need until 1939, when the Mighty Red Army did not drive all this siege bastard to the west, or "in the stolypin" to the east - to the special camps of the NKVD.
    Grandfather Semyon, as an honored "Bolshevik" (although he joined the All-Union Communist Party of Bolsheviks only in 1943 with a special detachment of the NKVD), became a local advisor - assistant to the chairman of the village council (collective farms were not created here before the war, therefore the village councils were the political and economic centers of power). Then the war, the family stayed at home, he wandered through the forests until the spring of 1942. Then grandfather Semyon fell into the forest "in the clutches" of saboteurs from the NKVD, whom he provided very valuable assistance in creating a partisan detachment. Already being a partisan, it was the first time he met with these people of AK. There was no "friendship" with AKovtsy there and could not be. According to his stories, the whole friendship boiled down to "not accidentally shooting each other and not attacking the same Germans." There were few Belarusians in the groups they encountered, almost all of them were Poles, and spoke Polish and crossed themselves from left to right. Then, when our Germans drove away, these AKs showed themselves in all their bestial beauty. Grandfather Semyon, after completing special courses in Moscow, was then already a sergeant of state security, the family was transported to Smolensk, and he himself returned “to work” in Western Belarus - as he knew the “local operational situation” well. This "AKovsky menagerie" was basically liquidated by the end of 1945, at least in the territory of Breschina and Grodno region. Yes, small gangs of AKovtsy still committed atrocities somewhere before the end of the 40s, while many historical researchers attribute the AKovtsy to the “work” of various kinds of “Bandera”, from whom there was much more trouble due to their large numbers. They fought against the Bandera people officially until 1956. Grandfather Semyon said that no one stood on ceremony with the captured AKites - the "privates" were immediately "interrogated with partiality at the place of capture, everything was entered into the protocol, then" at the expense "in front of the local residents, whom these AKites terrorized. Grandfather Semyon knew Polish well, therefore, as a rule, he was present at interrogations as an interpreter or kept interrogation protocols. The “chiefs” of the AKovtsy were taken out for interrogation to the region, they simply knew more and it took a lot of time to work with them. But, as grandfather Semyon said, I have never heard anything good from local residents about AKovtsev.
  • Litsvin
    Litsvin 6 February 2016 19: 22
    +9
    To be continued. Here is another example of eyewitnesses. My wife’s relatives lived near the village of Shereshevo in the Pruzhany district of the Brest region (this is on the outskirts of Belovezhskaya Pushcha, maybe some of the members of the forum served in the Strategic Missile Forces of the USSR, they know these places and “what was there” on combat duty with special warheads). AKovtsy came at night in the winter of 1944-45, put a family with small children in a hut against the wall and said - give all the food and valuables, to frighten and accelerate the process of expropriation, they tied the younger boy up by his legs (for a child, hang it and end for a couple of minutes). They took everything - all supplies, warm clothes and even a bicycle (in winter, in the forest, why !!!). They threatened, if you blather something, we’ll come and cut out the whole family. They spoke Polish, dressed in Polish uniforms. Most of all, the family was afraid that the AK men would not find photographs of two brothers in military uniforms drafted into the Soviet Army in the summer of 1944.
    Here's to you, dear Olga Zaitseva, and AKovtsy. They are enemies to us, Belarusians, period. Just like all Polish chauvinists. About five years ago, while passing through Breslau (this is the correct name for the city that the Poles call Wroclaw, and which Stalin foolishly gave to the Poles in 1945), we went with friends to a local tavern. And there are some local Polish "sharomygs in bast shoes" (in our opinion - "scourges") and gossip "over a glass of beer" about the great flattering. They began to cling to us - we spoke Russian. My naval friend wanted to charge them with Mordams, but I stopped him and said that this is not possible here, there will be problems with the police. I went up to the table of these "idiots-greats" and in German I loudly and clearly command (well, I will not repeat it word for word, but approximately like this): "Get up, you curvies, go out into the street, drunks. We Germans will soon come here with the Russians and put things in order here. Breslau is our city. Our great Manfred von Richthofen was born here. " You should have seen the faces of these scourges, which quietly got up and left, while all their arrogance was blown away by the wind ... So it should be with them, only this way ... - for all our historically insults against these Poles. With everything - I am Belarus, a patriot of My land - White Russia, and in my heart I remain a Soviet sailor officer !!!
    1. Cap.Morgan
      Cap.Morgan 6 February 2016 19: 40
      -1
      There was also the Volyn massacre when Ukrainians slaughtered up to 80 Poles.
      Including children.
    2. Olga Zaitseva
      6 February 2016 19: 42
      +1
      I understand you and your feelings. Yes, a lot of these gangs brought grief on the already soaked with blood ground.
      Apparently, in the area of ​​operation of the Basta gang, Polish propagandists did a good job at one time, and the bandits themselves drew the people to their side (about this - in the second part of the article, I think they will publish it tomorrow). The gangs, if we talk about their socio-economic base, were supported either by the very wealthy or the very poor, since the bandits often gave them loot.
      By the way, as a resident of that region, I want to ask you: Captain Treplinsky was nicknamed "Basta". What does it mean? I asked a couple of people who witnessed those events, they say that the word is translated as "demon, devil". They said about him something like this: "good-natured, but just a little - turned into a real beast." They told how he personally mercilessly hacked to death one policeman: he beat him with an ax for about 10 minutes, that even his favorite tunic got dirty ...
      Sorry for the photos I do not have it. Three, or four, photos were presented to us then, but they were from Oleg Viktorovich.
    3. The comment was deleted.
    4. Waciak
      Waciak 6 February 2016 19: 50
      +1
      Litsvin

      Well, you did a good artillery preparation. And I was about to visit you fellow .
  • Mikado
    Mikado 6 February 2016 19: 25
    0
    I don't want to quarrel with the authors. But .. The description of the battle and the victory of 200 AK men over 400 Red Army men (including a blown up car with 32 people) is very reminiscent of Bandera tales about how a Bandera battalion defeated a German division, reinforced with tanks, artillery and aviation (somehow they showed how Bandera's "veterans" recalled).
    Information taken from the memories of bandits? Then it can be thrown out.
    The word "theirs" is really annoying.
    1. Olga Zaitseva
      6 February 2016 19: 35
      +1
      Descriptions of the battle - from the documents of the Ministry of Internal Affairs. The article was written on the basis of a criminal case from the UMGB of the Brest region №1134 from 10 on March 1945. There is a whole set of 1945-1951 materials on this gang. Including reports on the battles.
      At first, Akovtsy and the like often won. For then they were armed to the teeth. But it was worth the Soviet side to use larger forces, before the 1946 year, such large fights stopped.
      1. Fin
        Fin 6 February 2016 23: 00
        +1
        Olga, you are sure of this:
        And it was in Ukraine, as well as in southeastern Poland, that they showed their ardent imperial ambitions, killing peaceful Ukrainian residents, in response to which UPA units launched retaliatory actions against the Polish population - the famous Volyn massacre of 1942-1944.

        And in Lvov in June-July 1941, was it not Bandera's "Nachtigall" that massacred Jews, Poles ...?
        1. Olga Zaitseva
          6 February 2016 23: 08
          +1
          No, not Bandera's "Nachtigall". The pogrom was instigated by the Gestapo and was committed by local residents. And most of the inhabitants of Lviv were Poles at that time. And the Polish intelligentsia was taken over by the Gestapo itself.
          But the first massacre of Ukrainians, committed by AK militants, happened in the Kholm region back in 1942.
          1. Fin
            Fin 7 February 2016 10: 20
            0
            Quote: Olga Zaitseva
            No, not Bandera's "Nachtigall". The pogrom was instigated by the Gestapo and was committed by local residents. Most of the inhabitants of Lviv were Poles at that time.

            Olga, do not rewrite the story. The locals did it, and who then destroyed the Polish professors.
            At least read this: http: //foto-history.livejournal.com/3279044.html
            1. Olga Zaitseva
              7 February 2016 10: 29
              0
              It says nothing about "Nachtigall". And who said that all the police in Lviv were precisely from the OUN (b) cadres? Some may be, but not all. OUN members of Andrey Melnik's faction prevailed in the collaborationist units.
              1. Fin
                Fin 7 February 2016 11: 22
                0
                Finish whitewashing Bandera! By the end of the story, they will become innocent sheep, and all the killings on the Germans? They just went to Lemberg and rested peacefully in a cafe. It reminds me of Svidomo.
                1. Olga Zaitseva
                  7 February 2016 11: 27
                  0
                  Bandera also committed crimes. You their participation in the Volyn massacre is not enough and lawlessness after the war? Just do not hang too much.
  • Cap.Morgan
    Cap.Morgan 6 February 2016 19: 35
    0
    Craiova Army is a political organization. It cannot be said that it was created on the basis of the Polish army. There were many civilians. The underground members-Poles and partisans-Belarusians who did not share the socialist ideology also entered there. The army of Kraiova and the Belarusian red partisans mainly adhered to a policy of neutrality. There were territories controlled by Poles, were controlled by Soviet partisans.
  • VOROBEICHIK
    VOROBEICHIK 6 February 2016 22: 27
    0
    Thanks to the authors, I look forward to continuing. I read the article with interest, recalled that the grandfathers spoke about that time. All day I carefully read all the comments, generously distributed to whom - minus, to whom - plus. In general, I agree with Victor Jnnjdfy, 3 (three) liters of bread pervach, listen to the remaining grandfathers, and you will learn a lot of interesting things about 39, and about 41, and about 44 (release).
  • bed111
    bed111 6 February 2016 23: 09
    0
    Once at work, having been in the outback of western Belarus - the village of Krulevshchizna - was even surprised by a slightly different way of life than that of the eastern part of the country. Catholicism, Christmas instead of the New Year. The differences are subtle but there are. My relatives are from the west, but not from the Brest region, but from the Vitebsk region.
    This territory was also "under Poland" but there were fewer bandits there, since a significant part of the region was a large partisan land. By the end of 1943, 2/3 of the territory of the Vitebsk region was under the control of the partisans, the Polotsk-Lepel and Rossony-Osveisk partisan zones were created, where Soviet power was restored, newspapers were published, schools and hospitals operated. The famous partisan Konstantin Zaslonov fought there. So, the Vitebsk region was much more fortunate ...

    Quote: Lex.
    although it is possible that by origin these are marginalized Belarusians / Ukrainians / polechuks — do not write nonsense; on these lands precipitators composed of veterans of the Polish army received land allotments fought. Yes, and some one who did not join these lands were ONL and later Speech Pospolit


    Siege was very small. I remember my grandmother's stories about these veterans with severed ears, noses, hands, who received these same allotments in Vitebsk region. I do not think that they could represent any significant force.
  • bed111
    bed111 6 February 2016 23: 32
    +2
    Quote: Litsvin
    At one fine moment, she wrote a pointer from Moscow - AKovtsevs should be considered accomplices of the German occupiers and destroyed. Then they finished. The remnants of the NKVD finished off at the end of 1944 - 1945 year.


    No, dear Litvin! Not finished them in 45-m!

    From the memorandum of the NKVD:

    .... Despite tough repressive measures against akhovtsev, and the success of the first operational strike on the Polish underground, in 1945 — 46. The headquarters of a number of lines were restored. On the territory of the BSSR there were such organizations as “Polsk Square, with the forces of the building”, “Legion of the Young”, “Strelets”, “Reservists”, “Mlada Polska” and others.

    Many armed groups were quite numerous, but they united desperate people, whose political goals faded into the background before trying to survive or die. Gradually, the only way of their existence was primitive banditry, densely colored with hatred of the “Soviets”. Most of these groups and detachments operated in a limited area, but they were distinguished by a high degree of stability. They successfully used the farm system of settlement and large forests. It is extremely difficult to conduct operations to eliminate them.

    In addition, there were armed structures led exclusively by the underground. They were mostly mothballed and consisted, as a rule, of people who managed to legalize themselves. These units and groups intensified during the years of the Cold War, counting on the inevitability of an armed conflict between the USSR and the Western powers. Especially these hopes increased with the start of the war in Korea.

    "March 26 1948 years on the farm Domeyka of the Lida region, the bandit group Bukatko was found in full in the house of a local resident Shishko Konstantin, who drank on the occasion of the Easter holiday. On the offer to surrender, the bandits from the windows of the house and the attic opened rifle-machine-gun fire, in response to this the army group also opened fire on the house where the bandits were located, and grenades were thrown at the windows of the house, the explosion of which caught fire on the house ...
    1. Litsvin
      Litsvin 7 February 2016 11: 39
      0
      So I didn’t write that the "AK problem was finally resolved" in 1945. By the end of 1945, most of the Akovites were destroyed, and a small group of Akovites really "hid" for several more years. I will say more, not all the participants in the AK movement were destroyed, some of them left the forest and "fled" with impunity across Soviet Poland. Later, in the 50-60s, "under the supervision of the KGB of the USSR," the state security organs of the People's Republic of Poland "revealed" hundreds of participants in the AK movement on the territory of Poland, some of them received short sentences at the place - in Poland, the most odious, involved in cruel atrocities in the territory USSR, handed over to us. They were tried according to the laws of the USSR, court sessions were conducted behind closed doors, information was not covered in the press. The further fate of these scum is practically unknown, most likely this topic is still kept in the FSB "under the heading". It can only be assumed that these Akovites were either "used up" or they disappeared somewhere in uranium mines.
  • Litsvin
    Litsvin 6 February 2016 23: 34
    +3
    Quote: Waciak
    Litsvin

    Well, you did a good artillery preparation. And I was about to visit you fellow .

    Well, on the ships that I went, the artillery was weak (secondary), the main caliber was behind missiles and torpedoes. smile
    Sorry, buddy, comrade, comrade, pan or tavarysh. What I have written is true. But you, as an intelligent person, should understand that this TEXT of mine should be regarded in this context as a kind of "global truth" in the relationship between two "sworn friends" - Poles and Litvins (Belarusians) AS TWO NEIGHBORING PEOPLES. But this does not apply to relationships between specific people - I have many Polish friends, my Polish friends have many Belarusian friends. And at the same time we are normal people, we can drink and keep up with songs even in Polish, even in Belarusian, even in Russian. In Poland, too, there is a healthy part of the nation that is not fooled by Greater Poland propaganda. Unfortunately, these are people of the Soviet generation - they remember the war, remember the good years after the war, remember who in a cap with a Red Star opened the gates of German concentration camps and shared their soldiers' bread with the surviving miracle of Polish skeletal children, remember who REALLY freed Warsaw - and it was not a "Polish army" and not AK people, but the Mighty Soviet Army, which put 600.000 thousand of our soldiers for Poland. Unfortunately, the Poles, i.e. The "Polish social and political elite" did not draw any conclusions from the last war. They did not read Hitler's plan for the development of the eastern territories, which included not only the territory of the USSR, but also the territory of the Polish. It was clearly spelled out - Poles as a people are subject to "eviction". Not destruction, namely "eviction". But you and I are smart people and we understand perfectly well that this word "EVALUATION" is just a screen hiding on paper the true action of the Nazis - that is, final solution of Polish, Jewish, Soviet and other issues. The solution was simple - physical exploitation with the subsequent destruction of all inferior peoples of Eastern Europe, including the Poles. But modern Polish politicians have again taken up the old "from mozh to mozha" record. I am afraid that sooner or later it will end with the complete loss of Polish statehood, this time irrevocably. Therefore, ordinary Poles need to get away from this demonic expansive policy of their leaders. Evil never goes unpunished, you need to be good neighbors, and not burrow into the land, culture and faith of your neighbors.
    Well, something like this, my Shanouns Panove with the Polish flag - "Neh bandze Polska z mir khatsyab at the adjacent borders." For that and the German toast - "Prost" drinks
    1. Waciak
      Waciak 7 February 2016 00: 06
      +2
      ....... "I am afraid that sooner or later it will end with the complete loss of Polish statehood, this time irrevocably ......."

      You're right, and I fear that too. Let’s do our own and don’t take politicians’ stupidity to heart. At least we will live longer and more fun. good
      1. Litsvin
        Litsvin 7 February 2016 11: 26
        +1
        I agree!!! drinks
  • bed111
    bed111 6 February 2016 23: 35
    +1
    From the memorandum of the NKVD:

    Military units, police forces, state security, destructive battalions conducted hundreds of operations, accompanied by round-ups, mass detentions, arrests, armed clashes. In addition to the persons captured with weapons in their hands, the messengers, the owners of safe houses, local residents who assisted the AK were arrested.

    In 1947 — 48 in the territory of Volkovysk, Zelvensky, Mostovsky districts of the Grodno region, the newly formed 9 of Volkovysk bypass was liquidated, A. Khankovskiy, who was heading him, and the priest of the Kremenetsky church (Zelva district) were arrested. However, the remnants of the underground network managed to unite a certain Kopach, seized in March 1953. Total for this case in 1947 — 53. over 190 people were arrested.

    It should be noted that Many Catholic priests were arrested for connection with the underground. So, back in 1944, the Office of the Ministry of State Security in the Molodechno region arrested 17 akhovtsev headed by a priest J. Romaiko. In February, 1944, a priest V. Nurkovsky from the town of Zabolot, Radunsky district of the Grodno region, joined the ranks of the AK. He performed the duties of chaplain, taking the oath of allegiance to London, and in the summer of the same year he acted as a judge of 14 captured by akovets Soviet activists. All their priests sentenced to death.
  • bed111
    bed111 6 February 2016 23: 45
    +4
    The Polish underground in Belarus agonized for about ten years. This agony was accompanied by numerous murders and robberies. The confrontation of the Soviet Union and the relics of pre-war Poland was of an extremely stubborn nature, sometimes turning into a real civil war of a regional scale.

    A person who reflects on the activities of the Polish nationalist underground and armed formations in Belarus (they are traditionally and not always correctly called the Army of Krajeva), inevitably faces questions that have a definite answer - “yes”.

    Did AK fight the Germans? - Yes.

    Did the AK fight with the Soviet troops? - Yes.

    Is AK responsible for the deaths of thousands of Belarusian civilians? - Yes.

    The activities of the Kraieva Army in Western Belarus were, in fact, the struggle of pre-war Poland for lands that were part of the Polish state for 18 years. But no one ever asked the residents of Western Belarus about the state in which they want to live. Therefore, this region for many years remained a source of potential conflict.

    “Help as agent-operative work in the bodies of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the BSSR in the fight against Polish and Ukrainian nationalists, banditry and illegal immigrants” (3 June 1953 of the year):

    From 1944 to 1 on April 1953, the MGB-MIA of the BSSR arrested 5403 Polish nationalists, 1282 Ukrainian nationalists, 6913 thugs, 4509 thugs, killed over 3000 thugs. From February 1947 to 1 in May 1953, 59 of nationalist organizations and groups was eliminated, 170 gangster groups, 2147 gun barrels (including 80 machine guns, 369 machine guns, 905 rifles, 765 pistols and revolvers) were seized.
  • Waciak
    Waciak 7 February 2016 00: 42
    0
    Quote: Olga Zaitseva
    .... But the first massacre of Ukrainians, committed by AK militants, happened in the Kholmshchina back in 1942.


    I am curious about the historical source of information about the "Chelm pogrom" from 1942.
    According to Polish historians, there was no such case, and the information about the \ "pogrom \" was only a propaganda procedure carried out by the OUN Bezpaki Service in order to substantiate the needs of the "Volyn massacre".
    The apogee of this massacre came on Sunday July 11, 1943 when they killed the entire Polish-speaking population in 100 localities - the same day. It was not then a simple repayment, but good and for the coolly planned ethnic cleansing.

    If this is possible - I ask for a source of information about the events in Helm 1942.
    1. Captain nemo
      Captain nemo 7 February 2016 01: 22
      0
      In the fall of 1942, German authorities began to evict the Poles from the territory of the Ukrainian-Polish border corridor, and Germans and Ukrainians were resettled in their place. In response, the Kraev Army destroyed several hundred representatives of the Ukrainian rural elite. For this, in July 1943, the UPA launched punitive actions against the civilian Polish population.
      http://rus.newsru.ua/arch/ukraine/10jul2013/posted.html
      1. Waciak
        Waciak 7 February 2016 12: 27
        +1
        Volodymyr Vyatrovych - and everything is clear !.
        This is the "historian" whom even American and Canadian historians do not take seriously. OUN-ovsky fabulist and submerged amateur UPA. He used to be the director of the SBU Archive, and now - the Head of the Institute of National Memory of Ukraine. One content of this article is peas with cabbage because in Volhynia and Western Ukraine, 100-200 thousand Poles were killed and about 30 thousand Ukrainians, of which one UPA killed about 15 thousand Ukrainians for giving aid to the Poles.
        The truth is only that the Germans removed the Polish population and resettled the Ukrainians to Kholmshchina and that for this reason it could come to the action of resistance in which the Ukrainians were killed. The scale of both events, however, is even in no way incomparable why the "events in Chelmschyn" were only a pretext for the actions of the UPA and the propaganda grasp of the OUN Bazpaki Service. This grasp is used to today through UPA apologists like Volodymyr Vyatrovych.
  • Olga Zaitseva
    7 February 2016 08: 13
    0
    http://topwar.ru/90210-armiya-krayova-v-belorusskom-polese-banda-basty-chast-ii.
    html #
    The second part of the article has been published.
  • mvbmvbmvb
    mvbmvbmvb 27 March 2018 20: 28
    0
    It doesn’t matter all this, it is necessary to destroy scum, Poles and Bandera!