Aviastar and MAI (i.e., an aircraft factory and an aviation institute) unexpectedly found a competitor, and which one - in the person of specialists in the field of sea-going vessels who had nothing to do with aviation!
Honored inventor of Russia Viktor Konstantinovich BOGATYREV (b. 1994), who designed a kilometer-diameter "plate" with walls of ship steel, nuclear engines and a load of thousands of tons, wanted to deploy at the empty shipyards of the Sudprom industry plant in Severodvinsk in 1996 — 1935. The atomic engine is necessary for heating the working fluid (superheated water vapor), which creates lift, and for the operation of the cruising and steering motors. The autonomy of work (refueling with nuclear fuel can be once a year, and water can be refilled everywhere, even from clouds over deserts) would allow such devices, if necessary, to stand in the air for months, replacing the crew with helicopters, and perform virtually any civilian and military tasks.
When it comes to flying machine, what does the ships have to do with it? Bogatyrev noticed that with a sufficiently large discolut it could be built - to weld the seams on the sheets - right in the open air on a flat concrete platform. For such work it was enough technology and experience of shipbuilders.
Moreover, it would be even desirable, because the thermoplane, B. Bogatyrev, argued in 1994, in “Kosmopoisk”, even needs to be made of armor, and not of aviation material! What is the purpose of making a disc-shaped armored cruiser from a flying disc-shaped heat carrier?
Impact force: "Combat UFO"
For centuries, from different countries come the news of the bizarre celestial lights and strange aircraft, landing on our Earth - UFO or "Unidentified Flying Objects." Most of them are like disks or "plates." This film for the first time tells about real "flying saucers" that can provide a revolutionary technological breakthrough and reliable security of Russia in the 21 century. These are aircraft without aerodrome base: "EKIP", "Thermoplane" and "Bars". They are capable of taking off and landing on any sites and water surfaces. All of them are developed in the aerospace industry and have a dual purpose. In the military field it is: reconnaissance and target designation of attack missile systems, sentinel service in the border areas, amphibious transport of personnel and equipment, rescue and engineering operations at sea and land. In the civilian sphere, in the near future, such devices can replace traditional passenger, transport and special aircraft, since they are distinguished by high efficiency, safety and payload.
It would seem that booking an aircraft is pointless, because modern shells and missiles even penetrate tank and ship’s armor, existing means of destruction can easily penetrate steel armor of a thermo-plan! But if piercing a tank’s armor means at least a defeat to its crew, and a hole in a ship means a real danger of sinking, then a hole in a flying thermoplane ... will not even put it off course. The fact is that no country has adopted anti-aircraft missiles with the same penetrative power as anti-tank or anti-ship missiles - this is simply not necessary for hitting aircraft. To get an anti-ship or anti-tank missile or shell into a flying target is almost impossible. An ordinary aerial rocket explodes 10-30 meters from the aircraft body, showering it with fragments - for any military or civilian aircraft this is fatal. Remember how in October 2001, a Ukrainian S-200 missile accidentally shot down a peaceful Russian Tu-154 aircraft over the Black Sea after it retargeted and exploded 15 meters above the fuselage. For an armored thermoplane, explosion and shedding of such shrapnel as an elephant grains. And the number of missile hits in an armored plan can be calculated only by scratches on its hull. Suppose, after the appearance of armored planes, someone will think of reprogramming anti-aircraft missiles so that they do not explode in front of the target’s body, but when they hit the target’s body. Indeed, a direct hit by an anti-aircraft missile (the very one that carries the aircraft into small pieces) will make a hole in the steel hull of the armored plane with an area of about 1 square. m. A hot air leak will begin through this hole, but it will take several days for such a meager leak compared to the volume to lead to a loss of buoyancy. During this time, the ship's engine is able to generate hot gas 100 times larger in volume. In other words, to bring down a thermoplane, you need to get into it at least 100 times. And this is provided that the enemy has these 100 missiles in one place (the usual reserve of the air defense division is from 6 to 20-40 missiles), provided that the crew of the thermo plan will not maneuver, shoot and close holes (this is just the case when close-ups can be fixed by a conventional gas welder). And in this case, the “downed” thermoplane will not collapse, but very softly plans for the chosen site. Falling with such a windage is almost impossible.
Such a flying "monster" would be able to withstand the impact of hundreds of earth-to-air missiles at once, the occurrence of a hole of more than 100 square. m! In addition to this nightmare, he is still able to survive even a direct collision with stone rock at speeds in excess of 80 km / h. According to calculations, a ship inflated like a soccer ball will simply rebound from a solid obstacle, the crew will of course fall to its feet, but the ship will endure! A more invulnerable armored cruiser, capable of carrying dozens of combat aircraft, is hard to imagine: torpedoes are powerless against it, all existing anti-ship systems and all anti-aircraft missiles, except nuclear anti-aircraft missiles. The speed of such an aircraft carrier is several times higher than that of its ocean counterpart, so with such a counter air pressure, conventional combat aircraft can take off from a steel kilometer (!) Back and sit back on the Thermoplane, and not just specially built in the deck version .
So imagine which aircraft carriers or cruisers should be more wary of - ordinary sea or air, capable of high speed to get not only to distant islands, but also to any point of land? Only the summits of the Himalayas in the days of hurricane winds will be inaccessible to armored thermal planes ...
A country with at least a few armored thermal planes is able to defeat any other country that does not have such an air armor! For today no one can oppose such a mobile striking force, except for the air defense nuclear forces. Russia could have such an armored fleet today ... but it is unlikely to have it tomorrow. And the day after tomorrow, alas, an armored fleet will turn out to be yesterday afternoon; for sure, even smaller in size, but more mobile and powerful disklets, built according to other projects and flying according to other laws, will be made. However, we'll talk about them.
Not only military modification, but also civilian variants of cargo, cargo-and-passenger, construction or fire armored thermal plans are impressive. Even the usual “nonstandard” 500-ton machines of designers that are praised by us — aviation workers look next to the armored surface of the bugs!
New modifications that have descended from ship's stocks, can evacuate an entire city at once, deliver at least an entire plant to an unprepared site in Siberia, raise a sunken ship from the bottom or extinguish a forest fire after a one-time emptying of nearly thousand-ton water tanks. In terms of their operational characteristics, such devices intended for the transportation of oil may turn out to be more profitable than ordinary ocean supertankers, although by tankers it is the cheapest transportation, apart from pipelines. And if we take into account the speed of delivery (and not to the port, but directly to the plants and factories), then the benefits become completely obvious ...