Military Review

Task Force, on departure! how in the USSR fought terrorism

27
In January, 1979 of the year ended the investigation into the terrorist attacks in Moscow, staged by Armenian militants. The case was loud, the investigation of it lasted two years. And finally, on January 24 of 1979, the court announced the verdict: three Armenian terrorists received a “tower”.


Task Force, on departure! how in the USSR fought terrorism

Photo from the criminal case

In order to bring fair retribution to the criminals, the Soviet counterintelligence has done a tremendous amount of operational and investigative work. Already in the first hours after the explosion in the subway (in the open area of ​​the Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya line), over five hundred witnesses were interviewed. The KGB criminologists examined literally every centimeter of the blasted car, collected more than 800 fragments and explosive device parts.

Dozens of fragments removed from the bodies of the dead and injured passengers.

Experts did a similar job in the shop on Dzerzhinsky Square (now Lubyanka) and near the building of the Historical Archives Institute on October 25 Street (now Nikolskaya), where explosions also thundered.

As a result of the titanic efforts of the KGB employees, it was found that the pig iron duck was blown up in the metro, the one in which the hostesses cook roasts, cabbage rolls and other food. And the analysis of the cast iron itself made it possible to conclude: the duckling came to Moscow from sunny Yerevan. So in the field of view of counterintelligence were members of the Armenian nationalist underground. The rest was, as they say, a matter of technique.

It is interesting how the group leader, Stepan Zatikyan, a student at the Yerevan Polytechnic Institute, motivated his actions. In his opinion, his beautiful homeland, Armenia, was occupied by the Russians. For many years in a row they oppressed the Armenian people, did not allow them to live and breathe freely.
And now, they say, the hour of reckoning has come. It's time to take revenge on the Russian invaders. Naturally, nothing more sensible than the murder of innocent people, Zatikyan and his accomplices could not come up with. Thus was born the plan of an explosion in the subway and in stores in the center of Moscow. Criminals began to prepare the attacks in the first half. Xnumx's.


Photo from the criminal case

During the investigation, Zatikyan’s accomplices, Hakob Stepanyan and Zaven Baghdasaryan, spoke in detail about how the terrorists carried out their plans. The organizer and leader of the group himself even denied everything in court, behaved defiantly and shouted out phrases that the KGB had organized a series of terrorist attacks in Moscow.

As you can see, the habits of modern terrorists and their predecessors from distant 1970's are almost identical: all of them, using beautiful phraseology, settle scores with innocent people, and when these "fighters for justice" are put on the defendants' bench, they unanimously start blaming organs in everything state security.

But the most interesting thing in the story stories not even with what persistence and supreme professionalism Soviet counterintelligence unraveled this rather extraordinary thing for that time, but the conclusions reached by the leaders of the KGB of the USSR. Quite rightly judging that the thundering explosions could be a signal for terrorists of all stripes, the leadership of the Soviet counterintelligence took a number of unprecedented measures in order to rule out any such excesses. Naturally, special attention was paid to Moscow, especially since in the capital at the end of the 1970-s, preparations for the Olympic Games were in full swing.

For example, shortly after the terrorist attack on the metro, a duty service and operational investigative group were established at the Secretariat of the KGB of the USSR, operating around the clock. As conceived by the KGB leaders, the task force’s duties included immediate response to any signals of impending attacks, explosions and other excesses, with immediate departure to the scene of the incident, inspection and initial analysis of the situation. After that, there was a report to the duty service of the KGB of the USSR, which analysts took decisions on further actions.


Photo from the criminal case

Boris Kozlov, a veteran of counterintelligence, recalls that the task force was equipped with all the necessary weapons, equipment, equipment and she was around the clock in full combat readiness:

- Each member of the group had personal small arms and other weapons, as well as special equipment and military protective equipment - helmets, body armor, gas masks. At the disposal of the task force was also special equipment that protects experts in the disposal of explosive devices.

The operations team had all types of communications, including intercoms, mobile telephone, operational and government HF communications. For movement in the Moscow region, the group members had special purpose vehicles: an escort car with a reinforced engine, radio telephones and special signals, a mobile forensic laboratory, a staff-type bus, and also a car with a large-sized container for the safe transportation of explosive devices.

According to Boris Kozlov, during the visits of the task force by the police radio, a voice signal was transmitted to the traffic police: “I am Gagarin”.
Then followed the route of the operation group. For example:

“I leave for Vnukovo airport from Lubyanka Square via Mokhovaya, then Leninsky Prospect. Please ensure unimpeded movement. ”
As soon as the traffic police received such a message, the traffic in the capital was regulated in such a way as to ensure the passage of the operation group’s column at maximum speed along the “green street” to the scene of the incident.


Subway car after the explosion. Online shooting of the KGB of the USSR

During the existence of the operation group, its members had to travel to a variety of tasks. Among them - the elimination of the consequences of explosions and man-made disasters, disassembly with foreigners, the conduct of the initial investigative actions upon the discovery of corpses of people who died under unobvious circumstances, and much more. Retired Colonel Boris Kozlov continues:

- Personally, I was most of all struck by an explosion of a train train at the Kurovskaya station near Moscow and incidents at capital airports. So, 6 December 1978 of the year at the Kurovskaya junction station in 02: 50 nights, an explosion of two cars loaded with industrial explosives (about 60 tons of ammonite, which was in wooden boxes).

As a result, a crater with a diameter of 60 and a depth of 10 was formed at the site of the cars destroyed by the explosion. The train traffic was paralyzed at the station, the railway tracks were covered with debris. In the city of Kurovskoye in many houses from the shock wave demolished interior partitions and smashed glass. The forest adjacent to the station was collapsed, 10 was almost completely destroyed from 12 cars of a completely new commuter electric train standing on a nearby track.

In a word, the destruction is monstrous. It is even surprising that there was no mass death of people. Two people died - the watchman, whose hand with a gun, we found at the scene of the incident, and the worker in the boiler room, located nearby. Having inspected the place of the tragedy, they reported on the incident, as expected, to the duty service of the KGB of the USSR. In the further investigation, we did not take part.

I only remember that, according to one of the versions, the explosion at Kurovskaya station was the work of terrorists. This version was worked out with special care, because the following fact spoke in its favor: just a few minutes before the explosion, a military transport train with ammunition and tactical ballistic missiles passed through the station. Obviously, this train was hunted by criminals. If ballistic missiles were torn, the consequences of such a terrorist act are hard to imagine.


The consequences of the terrorist attack in the grocery store on Dzerzhinsky Square. Online shooting of the KGB of the USSR

No less sad was the plane crash of the Tu-104 of the Odessa squadron with the board number USSR-42444. True, there occurred the usual man-made accident. As experts later established, the 17 of March, the 1979 of the year, the liner, taking off from Vnukovo on the route Moscow - Odessa, was soon forced to return back as a result of the false alarm of the engine fire sensor.

However, the liner failed to sit down. In conditions of poor visibility, the crew made a premature descent, as they approached the landing, the plane caught the power line and fell in the forest. 58 people died. After this disaster, all without exception Tu-104 aircraft were decommissioned on passenger lines.

And here is another episode. Once a message arrived from the same Vnukovo airport that a fire had started in the baggage terminal.

“The task force left in full force and arrived at the site in a matter of minutes,” says Boris Kozlov. - The fire, more precisely, the fire on the square in one square meter, was already extinguished, and therefore we immediately began to inspect the scene. It became clear that the reason for the ignition was the typical carelessness of service personnel carrying passengers' things on an electric car.

The surface of the battery of the electric vehicle remained open, an obstacle appeared on the way of the electric vehicle, it jumped, there was a slight concussion, and from contact with the passengers' things, the upper part of the batteries flashed. The ignition was immediately localized, but some of the passengers' things became useless. The airport administration has asked to help avoid scandal and liability for damage to property of passengers.

Therefore, I had to go for a certain trick and, when identifying passengers with luggage, draw their attention to the fact that among the things there were spray cans. With a slight heating in the stuffy room of the cargo terminal, the sprays, they say, self-ignited, which caused a fire. Foreigners were satisfied with these explanations and did not present any material claims.

Sometimes funny things happened. For example, once, in the spring of 1980, the operation group left for the MSU dormitory building. Lomonosov on Lenin Hills. As the agents informed, there were actions in the building that were similar to ideological diversion. Boris Kozlov reports on what happened next:

- Given the specifics of this signal, the task force left only two cars: on the escort car and mobile forensic laboratory. Upon arrival at the site, we saw that the situation for ideological diversion, to put it mildly, does not pull: just someone wrote a pen with the pen on the door of the toilet cubicle “Hit the Jews, save Russia!”. Below another pencil and other handwriting was attributed:

"Long live the Great Israel from Cairo to Baku."

Despite the obvious anecdotes, one of the operatives who served the Moscow State University seriously proposed to equip the toilet with technical means to ambush the authors of these inscriptions. However, we convinced him that it was not worth holding technical events due to the insignificance of the event. In order to reassure the zealous opera, our criminologist photographed the place and the inscriptions, took fingerprints from the door of the booth and wrote the corresponding certificate. We transferred all these documents to the local opera for possible identification of persons. I do not know whether he found the authors and performers of this “sabotage”.

But the management fully approved our actions: Colonel Alexander Petrenko, who was on duty on that day, after hearing our report on “ideological sabotage”, ordered not to spend more time on such nonsense and to return to the base.

Another time I had to leave the entire operations group at Sheremetyevo Airport. They found a cardboard package of impressive size, from which a muffled ticking of the clock mechanism was heard.

“We arrived so fast that local services did not even manage to organize a cordon,” recalls Boris Kozlov. - I had to take a risk - move the freight packaging to the nearest forest one kilometer from the airport and conduct its examination. Then, after consulting, we opened the load by cutting the side surface of the carton. Inside were hundreds of electronic wristwatches made in Japan. Moreover, if the course of individual clocks was practically not heard, in their mass, due to resonant phenomena, they made a “ticking” sound.

Something similar happened in the summer of 1980, at one of the Olympic venues in Moscow - in the sports complex on Prospekt Mira. There, too, was heard "ticking" behind the wall in the corridor of the second floor. The use of search engines did not give a sensible result, so I had to break through the wall. It turned out that behind the wall there is a vertical interfloor technological space through which water pipes pass. One of the pipes was leaking, and drops of water methodically dripped onto some kind of metal part, making a sound similar to the “ticking” of the clock mechanism ...

In general, thanks to timely organizational measures, the Olympic Games in Moscow were calm, without any incidents. Although it is known for certain that in the summer of 1980, in Moscow and other cities of the USSR, sabotage and terrorist acts were prepared using the most modern means of mass destruction of people. The leadership of the KGB of the USSR learned about this through intelligence channels. All the attacks were prevented in the early stages of preparation. The details of these operations are still a secret with seven seals.
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Originator:
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27 comments
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  1. taseka
    taseka 30 January 2016 07: 47
    19
    Profi worked and I want to believe that today our services are also at their best !!!
    1. Shadowcat
      Shadowcat 20 November 2016 21: 28
      +1
      Quote: taseka
      and I want to believe that today our services are also at their best

      The best ode to their work is that only a narrow circle of people knows about it. ;)
  2. apro
    apro 30 January 2016 07: 47
    15
    Yes, they knew how to work, and most importantly it was not audible, the excessive excitement from the terrorist attack does nothing good to anyone.
  3. parusnik
    parusnik 30 January 2016 08: 02
    29
    Despite the obvious anecdote, one of the operatives who served Moscow State University, seriously proposed to equip the toilet with technical means to ambush the authors of these inscriptions. ... Lucky, the one who wrote ... And now, who wrote on the walls of the toilet, apparently tells ... how he then "fought" with the "totalitarian" regime ... type of writing leaflets, distributed ... "cleverly" evaded persecution " bloody gebney ".... And they believe him ...
    Thanks to the author for the article ...
    1. 1rl141
      1rl141 30 January 2016 22: 27
      +4
      Quote: parusnik
      And now, who wrote on the walls of the toilet, apparently tells ... how he then "fought" with the "totalitarian" regime ... he wrote leaflets, distributed ... "deftly" escaped the persecution of the "bloody gebni" ...


      We should ask Atalef and the Professor. They must have fought against the totalitarian regime.
    2. Horn
      Horn 1 February 2016 09: 56
      +2
      Well, I personally knew one who bragged about carrying around newspaper-cut portraits of Brezhnev and others and using them as toilet paper. And certainly a "portrait inside".
      It is very reminiscent of the very widespread puppy girl who piled in the middle of Red Square. And in order not to get along along the ridge, he did this without taking off his pants ...
  4. svp67
    svp67 30 January 2016 08: 14
    11
    Real, high professionalism ALWAYS arouses respect. So that hi
  5. Fox
    Fox 30 January 2016 08: 29
    12
    -
    - were professionals.
    - the employees had good motivation.
    - there were no mass phenomena.
    after the hunchback there was a wave of crimes, professionals were driven out of the organs, there was no motivation, only loot. Here and a sad result. And the current achievements are not thanks, but contrary.
  6. aba
    aba 30 January 2016 09: 18
    18
    Yes, I remember the story of the explosion in the Moscow metro. Now it seems to me that this is unthinkable: they almost completely collected the duckweed, piece by piece the remains of the bag in which this duckweed was left in the car, determined where these things were made, where they were supposedly bought. And all this made it possible to merge the remnants of information into one big picture. The highest professionalism! And I would like to wish that the relevant Russian authorities would achieve the same level of professionalism and motivation to serve the interests of the motherland.
  7. 0255
    0255 30 January 2016 09: 24
    10
    And where were the KGB professionals, and not the clown-GKChP with shaking hands, in 1991, when Gorbachev, Yeltsin, Kravchuk and Shushkevich destroyed the USSR?
    1. sichevik
      sichevik 30 January 2016 12: 34
      +9
      Quote: 0255
      And where were the KGB professionals, and not the clown-GKChP with shaking hands, in 1991, when Gorbachev, Yeltsin, Kravchuk and Shushkevich destroyed the USSR?

      It seems to me that it's all about discipline. Those professinals were too disciplined and not used to discussing orders from higher authorities. And all the scum you listed above were just that higher leadership. And the clowns from the Emergency Committee were simply out of luck. There was not a strong leader among them who would not be afraid to take on the responsibility of establishing constitutional order in the country. You yourself understand that this is a difficult, bloody and very serious matter. And if then there was such a leader in the GKChP and gave the go-ahead to restore order in the country, then I am more than sure that all these professionals would get down to work without further hesitation. And we would have done this work very efficiently and as soon as possible (as far as possible). And everything turned out like that of VS Vysotsky: "... We lacked leaders, there were few real violent ones, so there was no leader ...".
      1. beeper
        beeper 18 January 2017 14: 25
        +1
        So I understand that it was the uninitiated performers-party apparatchiks who were completely controlled and without leadership qualities were selected for the GKChP clowns. So that they don't kick up and flog the gag, but adhere to the incompetent (like everything with Gorby and his Judo team) the script of "tightening the screws" written for them?
        Misha - "tagged" with Raykhon (affectionate family nickname - "Min and Sudarochka"), at this time "washed their hands" in case of any possible excesses and, while resting, swimming under the vigilant protection of personal bodyguards and two border patrol boats, with the dacha TV working, "anxiously listening to an old radio", "accidentally found" in the attic of a brand new, brand new, government dacha in the Crimean Foros, equipped with all conceivable and inconceivable types of government and non-government communications?
        And what were they “worried about,” whether the next Gorbachev-Yakovlev scam would “burn out or not”? It did not work out as planned, the shattered Communist Party power was intercepted by other capital clowns-EBN and the company, and the cunning general secretary had to return to Moscow with an "acceleration", making up tales on the go about his vacation-Crimean alleged "isolation and lack of involvement in events ", and, decorated with a blanket, scream hysterically about" who is hu "?
        And, only by a miracle, if there were a leader among the operetta Gekachepists, possessing at least a fraction of the mind, he would start to get dirty, raking the heaped up by that time the Gorbachev-Yakovlev gang, so that later, when the Juda is "friend Michael", as planned, "nodding analysis", "all in white", returned to the Kremlin, to give up the power, and to become the scapegoat himself, thus "hu" ?!
  8. sichevik
    sichevik 30 January 2016 12: 24
    +5
    I always admired the work of the KGB. That was the organization !!! in no way do I want to humiliate the current intelligence services. They do their work and eat their bread not in vain and honestly (but not all of course, there were too many among the crooks and crooks like Litvinenko among the bottom). but the KGB worked clearly, in an organized manner and, most importantly, imperceptibly.
  9. The Sparkle
    The Sparkle 30 January 2016 13: 09
    +5
    Moderators, I apologize, I seem to be mistaken with the button - put a minus to the article, but I need a plus. Please change to plus and delete this my message.
  10. iouris
    iouris 30 January 2016 14: 55
    +5
    there were practically no social conditions for the emergence of terrorism in the USSR - this is the main reason for the "effectiveness of the KGB." Uneven development of capitalism, uneven distribution of natural resources in a globalized economy lead to the globalization of terrorism. From the point of view of global capital, the most effective method of combating terrorism is social eugenics, i.e. sterilization and physical destruction of excess population. No livelihood - get into the oven. Technologies have been tested in the USA, Sweden, Germany.
  11. Pvi1206
    Pvi1206 30 January 2016 19: 40
    +2
    The purpose of any terrorist attack is to demoralize the population. And when the media spread information about the incident throughout the country, they contribute to this goal. Freedom of speech / press should not conflict with the security of citizens and the state.
  12. Xent
    Xent 30 January 2016 20: 06
    -8
    You can minus the people as much as you want, but I did not understand the day of this material, but Zatikyan did not fully admit that they organized the explosions, since they could not break it in the KGB ... or perhaps one of you forgot that 99% people even confessed to Kennedy’s murder when they were forced to confess in the KGB cellars.
    I just can't understand why this author in almost half of his article talks about something completely different, and very little about Armenian "terrorists", is there really so little information about them?
    Zatikyan was beaten by an active anti-communist and his speech in court beat against the communist regime, but our author speaks with some irony about him ... Can someone here say that Armenia was not occupied? The Red Army occupied Armenia in December 1920, and Zatikyan said the truth!
    PS Let me remind you again, minus does not mean that you are right !!!
    1. Oorfene Deuce
      Oorfene Deuce 30 January 2016 20: 58
      +5
      Quote: Xent
      Someone here can say that Armenia was not occupied? The Red Army occupied Armenia in December 1920, and Zatikyan said the truth!

      That anti-communist-nationalist drew.
      You would be glad that the Red Army was there, not the Turks.
      And in general, I have the feeling that now half of the Armenians have arrived and live in Russia. For Russians in Armenia this is not observed. Why's that?
      And yes, minus mine.
      1. SlavaP
        SlavaP 30 January 2016 21: 19
        +4
        Yes dear, those who survived in 1915, could not survive in 1920 if not for the Red Army.
    2. Lord blacwood
      Lord blacwood 30 January 2016 23: 15
      +2
      Yes, the USSR occupied Armenia, but the Turks would have been worse (and they would have come). But I do not see the prosperity of Armenia today. Armenia lived better under the USSR, and now the Armenians in the Russian Federation go to seek a better life.
    3. iouris
      iouris 31 January 2016 02: 35
      +2
      Those who SO think in Armenia no more than 0,5%. Learn history and geography.
      Rather, Armenia occupied Russia.
  13. Radikal
    Radikal 30 January 2016 22: 16
    +3
    Quote: 0255
    And where were the KGB professionals, and not the clown-GKChP with shaking hands, in 1991, when Gorbachev, Yeltsin, Kravchuk and Shushkevich destroyed the USSR?

    In full alert, waiting for the team ....
  14. Radikal
    Radikal 30 January 2016 22: 18
    +1
    Quote: sichevik
    Quote: 0255
    And where were the KGB professionals, and not the clown-GKChP with shaking hands, in 1991, when Gorbachev, Yeltsin, Kravchuk and Shushkevich destroyed the USSR?

    It seems to me that it's all about discipline. Those professinals were too disciplined and not used to discussing orders from higher authorities. And all the scum you listed above were just that higher leadership. And the clowns from the Emergency Committee were simply out of luck. There was not a strong leader among them who would not be afraid to take on the responsibility of establishing constitutional order in the country. You yourself understand that this is a difficult, bloody and very serious matter. And if then there was such a leader in the GKChP and gave the go-ahead to restore order in the country, then I am more than sure that all these professionals would get down to work without further hesitation. And we would have done this work very efficiently and as soon as possible (as far as possible). And everything turned out like that of VS Vysotsky: "... We lacked leaders, there were few real violent ones, so there was no leader ...".

    You can’t say better! hi
    1. iouris
      iouris 31 January 2016 02: 40
      0
      Professionals professionally engaged in their profession. They are responsible for the results, just as ordinary members of the CPSU are responsible for Gorbachev’s actions. However, in fact, in the USSR, Chekists controlled everything, so it was the leadership of the KGB of the USSR that was behind everything that happened in the USSR.
      1. dmitriyruss
        dmitriyruss 18 June 2016 14: 16
        0
        Dangerous speeches comrade army General....
  15. Egen
    Egen 2 February 2016 10: 19
    0
    The office was then respected and feared ...
  16. Backfire
    Backfire 27 May 2016 04: 01
    -1
    Quote: parusnik
    Despite the obvious anecdote, one of the operatives who served Moscow State University, seriously proposed to equip the toilet with technical means to ambush the authors of these inscriptions. ... Lucky, the one who wrote ... And now, who wrote on the walls of the toilet, apparently tells ... how he then "fought" with the "totalitarian" regime ... type of writing leaflets, distributed ... "cleverly" evaded persecution " bloody gebney ".... And they believe him ...
    Thanks to the author for the article ...