Army of the “First Republic”
Independence of the Republic of Armenia (in the history - the First Republic of Armenia) was officially proclaimed 28 on May 1918, after the collapse of the Transcaucasian Democratic Federative Republic. Existing just over a month, from 22 in April to 26 in May 1918, the ZDFR incorporated the lands of modern Armenia, Georgia and Azerbaijan into its composition and was dissolved at the request of Turkey. After the dissolution of the ZDFR, the independence of the three republics was proclaimed - Armenia, Georgia and Azerbaijan. Republic of Armenia in 1919-1920 It included the lands of the former Erivan, Elizavetpol and Tiflis provinces, the Kars region of the Russian Empire. In addition, in accordance with the 1920 Treaty of Sevres, the Republic of Armenia also included parts of the Van, Erzurum, Trabzon and Bitlis vilayets of the Ottoman Empire, which were part of historical Western Armenia. After the independence of the Republic of Armenia was declared, the question of creating its regular army arose, especially since as early as May 1918 the Turkish offensive against Eastern Armenia was launched.
From volunteer detachments, which were run-in in the battles of Sardarapat, Karaklis and Bash-Aparan from 21 to 29 in May 1918, the army of the First Republic of Armenia was formed. Its immediate predecessor was the famous Armenian Volunteer Corps, formed at the end of 1917 from among the Armenian volunteers who arrived throughout the First World War from various countries of the world. The Armenian corps were 2 infantry divisions - under the command of Colonel Aramyan and Silikyan respectively, equestrian Brigade Colonel Gorganyana, WESTERN division of General Ozanyan, Akhalkalaki, Lori, and Shusha Hazahsky shelves, Yezidi cavalry under the command of Dzhangir-Agha. After the Erzindzhansky truce between Russia and Turkey, concluded 5 (18) December 1917, the Russian troops of the Caucasian front began a mass withdrawal from the South Caucasus. After the cessation of the existence of the Caucasian front, in fact it was the Armenian corps that became the main obstacle to the advancement of Turkish troops to the Caucasus. In the Kara-Kilissky, Bash-Abaransky and Sardarapatsky battles, the Armenian corps defeated the Turkish troops and was able to stop their advancement to Eastern Armenia. Subsequently, it was the soldiers of the Armenian corps that formed the backbone of the national army of Armenia. The commander-in-chief of the Armenian army was appointed the former commander of the Armenian Volunteer Corps, Major General of the Russian Imperial Army Thomas Nazarbekov (Tovmas Hovhannesovich Nazarbekyan, 1855-1931), promoted to lieutenant general of the Armenian army. Tovmas Nazarbekyan came from an Armenian noble family living in Tiflis and received a good military education at the 2 of the Moscow Military High School and the Alexander Military School. During his service in the Russian army, he had the opportunity to participate in the Russian-Turkish and Russian-Japanese wars, and in 1906, Mr. 51-year-old Major General retired. Then he did not know that after 8 years, at almost sixty, he would have to put on his uniform again. With the beginning of the First World War, Major General Nazarbekov became the commander of the brigade, then the divisions and corps who fought on the Caucasian front. Given the authority of the general among the Armenian population and the military, it was he who was appointed commander of the Armenian Volunteer Corps. After the declaration of political independence of the Republic of Armenia, the general continued his service in the Armenian army, making a huge contribution to its organization and strengthening.
By June 1918, the Armenian army numbered 12 thousands of fighters. Gradually, its number only increased - it soon reached 40 thousand people, and the officer corps largely consisted of former officers of the tsarist army - both Armenians and ethnic Russians. As for weapons, its main sources were the warehouses of the Russian troops that were part of the Caucasian Front. General Andranik Ozanyan later recalled that the Russian army, leaving the Caucasus, left 3000 artillery shells, 100 thousands of rifles, 1 a million bombs, 1 a billion cartridges and other weapons and equipment. In addition, Britain, initially interested in strengthening Armenia as a counterweight to Ottoman Turkey, helped with the arming of the emerging Armenian army. Among the most prominent commanders of the Armenian army of the period of the “First Republic” is usually called Lieutenant-General Movses Mikhailovich Silikyan (Silikov, 1862-1937) - Major-General of the Russian Imperial Army, Odin by descent; Drastamat Martirosovich Kanayan (1883-1956, he is also “General Dro”) - the legendary Dashnak, later the former commissar of the Armenian corps, and then in 1920 - the Minister of War of the Republic of Armenia; Colonel Arsen Samsonovich Ter-Poghosyan (1875-1938), who commanded the troops that stopped the Turkish army’s attack on Yerevan in May of 1918; Major General Andranik Torosovich Ozanyan (1865-1927) - however, this commander had very difficult relations with the government of the Republic of Armenia, so he can be viewed not only as the commander of the Armenian army unit, but as the leader of individual armed forces created on the basis of the Western Armenian division .
The history of the First Republic of Armenia is the history of almost ongoing wars with neighbors. In May-June 1918 and in September-December 1920, the Armenian army participated in the war with Turkey. In December 1918, Armenia fought with Georgia, in May-August 1918 - with Azerbaijan and the "Araq Republic" of Azerbaijanis of Nakhichevan, in March - April 1920 - in the war with Azerbaijan, which unfolded on the territory of Nakhichevan, Nagorno-Karabakh, Zangezur and Ganja district. Finally, in June 1920, Armenia had to fight with Soviet Azerbaijan and the RSFSR in Nagorno-Karabakh. In battles, the small republic had to defend its independence and territories, which claimed much larger neighboring states. In September 1920, the Armenian-Turkish war began. The thirty-thousandth Armenian army invaded the territory of Turkish Armenia, however, the Turks managed to organize a powerful counterattack and soon the Turkish troops already threatened Armenia itself. The government of the republic appealed for help "to the whole civilized world." at the same time, both Armenia and Turkey rejected the offer of mediation of Soviet Russia. On November 18, the Armenian government, having lost two thirds of its territory in two months, signed a ceasefire agreement, and on December 2, the Alexandropol Peace Treaty, according to which the territory of Armenia was reduced to Erivan and Gokchinsky regions. The agreement also provided for the reduction of the armed forces of Armenia to 1,5 soldiers and officers, and their armaments to 8 artillery pieces and 20 machine guns. Such insignificant military forces made sense to exist only to suppress possible internal unrest, they could not protect Armenia from the attack of the Turkish army. At the same time, although the government of independent Armenia signed the Alexandropol Treaty, it no longer controlled the real situation in the republic. On December 2, in Erivan, an agreement was signed between Soviet Russia (RSFSR) and the Republic of Armenia on the proclamation of Armenia as the Soviet Socialist Republic. The government of the Armenian SSR refused to recognize the Alexandropol world. Only on October 13, 1921, with the participation of the RSFSR, was the Kars Treaty signed, establishing the Soviet-Turkish border. Together with the First Republic of Armenia, the Armenian armed forces ceased to exist. Immigrants from Armenia, as well as representatives of the Armenian people who lived in other republics of the USSR, until 1991 served in the parts of the Soviet Army and Naval Fleet on a universal basis. The contribution of the Armenian people to the construction, development and strengthening of the Soviet armed forces, to the victory over Nazi Germany is invaluable. During the Great Patriotic War, 106 Armenians were awarded the high title of Hero of the Soviet Union. Who does not know Marshal of the Soviet Union Ivan Khristoforovich Baghramyan? Many people know the name of Gukas Karapetovich Madoyan, the battalion under whose command was the first to break into Rostov-on-Don, which was being freed from the Nazis.
On the way to creating your own army
After the proclamation of political independence of the Republic of Armenia, the process of creating national armed forces began. In fact, the history of the modern Armenian army has its roots in the volunteer detachments formed during the struggle for Karabakh, or, as the Armenians themselves call it, Artsakh. It turns out that the modern Armenian army was born in difficult times, in the fire of armed confrontation. In accordance with the official history of the modern Armenian armed forces, they experienced three stages of their formation and development. The first stage occurs chronologically in February 1988 - March 1992 - at a difficult time of exacerbation of Armenian-Azerbaijani relations due to the development of the Karabakh conflict. Ensuring the military security of the Armenian population in the face of a real threat from a much larger Azerbaijan at that time was an extremely urgent task, requiring the creation and strengthening of Armenian armed formations capable of protecting the territory and the civilian population from possible aggression. At the second stage, which lasted from June 1992 to May 1994, the formation of the national army of Armenia took place. At the same time, an undeclared but cruel and bloody war of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic and the Republic of Armenia with neighboring Azerbaijan was waged. Finally, the third stage of the development of the Armenian national army lasts from June 1994 to the present. At this time, there was a strengthening of the organizational structure of the Armenian army, its organic incorporation into the institutional structure of the Armenian state and society, the development of combat training, combat cooperation with the armed forces of other states.
The adoption of the Declaration of Independence marked new opportunities and prospects for the creation and improvement of the Armenian army. In September, the 1990 was formed by the Yerevan Special Regiment and five rifle companies deployed in Ararat, Goris, Vardenis, Ijevan and Meghri. In 1991, the government of the Republic of Armenia decided to form a State Defense Committee under the Council of Ministers. This structure was to be responsible for organizing the defense of the republic and became the prototype of the later formed Ministry of Defense of the country. 5 December 1991 was appointed Vazgen Sargsyan (1959-1999), chairman of the parliamentary defense commission, to head the republican defense ministry. Before the outbreak of war in Karabakh, the first minister of defense of the republic was a man far from military affairs. He graduated from the Yerevan State Institute of Physical Culture in 1980 and in 1979-1983. He taught physical education in his native Ararat. In 1983-1986 he was secretary of the Komsomol at the Ararat cement-slate plant, in the same 1983, he joined the Union of Writers of the USSR. In 1986-1989 headed the journalism department of the literary social-political magazine "Garun". In 1990, he became a deputy to the Supreme Soviet of the Armenian SSR, leading the standing commission on defense and home affairs. In the same 1990, the city of Sargsyan became the commander of the volunteer units of the Yerkrapah militia, and in 1991-1992. headed the Ministry of Defense of Armenia. Again, Sargsyan headed the security forces in 1993-1995. - in the status of Minister of State for Defense, Security and Internal Affairs of the Republic of Armenia, and in 1995-1999. - in the status of the Minister of Defense of the Republic of Armenia.
On January 28, 1992, the Armenian government decided to establish the Ministry of Defense and the national army. For the formation of the armed forces, the armed forces that existed in the republic were transferred to the Ministry of Defense of Armenia - the regiment of the police patrol service of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Armenia, the special operations regiment, the civil defense regiment, and the republican military commissariat. In May 1992, the first draft of young citizens of the republic for military service was held. It should be noted that the weapons and infrastructure for the formation of the national army were largely abandoned by the Soviet troops. At the time of the collapse of the Soviet Union, the following were deployed in Armenia: 1) the 7th Guards Combined Arms Army of the Transcaucasian Military District, which included the 15th Motor Rifle Division in Kirovakan, the 127th Motor Rifle Division in Leninakan, the 164th Motor Rifle Division in Yerevan, 7th and 9th fortified areas); 2) 96th anti-aircraft missile brigade of the 19th separate air defense army; 3) a separate mechanized civil defense regiment in Yerevan; 4) Meghrinsky, Leninakansky, Artashatsky, Oktemberyansky border detachments of the border troops of the Transcaucasian border district of the KGB of the USSR; 5) a motorized rifle regiment of operational designation of internal troops of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the USSR, a separate motorized special police battalion in Yerevan, a security battalion of important state facilities, which served as a security service for the Armenian nuclear power plant. From parts of the Soviet Army, the young sovereign state got military equipment: from 154 to 180 (according to various sources) tanks, from 379 to 442 armored vehicles of various types (armored personnel carriers, infantry fighting vehicles, etc.), 257-259 artillery pieces and mortars, 13 helicopters. The newly created Ministry of Defense of the Republic was faced with a great deal of work to form the country's armed forces and strengthen their organizational structure. Moreover, Armenia was in a state of actual war with Azerbaijan, which required enormous strain of human and material resources.
Shots came from the Soviet Army
One of the most serious problems faced by the Armenian armed forces in the process of their construction was the replenishment of the personnel resources of the national army. As it turned out, it was no less difficult task than the organization of the system of material support and armament of the national army. In order to close the vacancies of junior, senior and senior officers, the government of the republic appealed to the former professional soldiers of the Soviet Army, who had the appropriate education, training and experience of military service. Many officers and warrant officers, who were already in reserve, responded to the call of the country's leadership and joined the formed armed forces. Among them are many officers and generals, whose names are associated with the formation and development of the Armenian national army. Thus, the post of Chief of the General Staff of the Defense Committee under the Council of Ministers, and then the Chief of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Armenia was occupied by Major General Gurgen Arutyunovich Dalibaltayan (1926-2015), who was assigned the military rank in 1992, who had returned from the Soviet Army reserve. Lieutenant General of the Armenian Army. Despite his age, and Gurgen Dalibaltayan was already more than 65 years old, the general made a significant contribution to the construction of national armed forces, using his vast experience of forty years of service in the Soviet Army. Gurgen Dalibaltayan, who graduated from the Tbilisi Infantry School, began serving in 1947 as a platoon commander of the 526-th separate regiment of the 89-rifle Taman division of the Transcaucasian Military District, stationed in Echmiadzin. For 40 years he consistently went through all the steps of a military command career: the commander of a training company (1951-1956), the commander of a company of the 34 Infantry Regiment of the 73 Mechanized Division (1956-1957), the battalion chief of staff (1957-1958), 1958-1961, 135-295; Academy. Mv Frunze (1961-1963), battalion commander of the 60 regiment of the 1963-th motorized rifle division (1965-1965), deputy commander of the regiment of the 1967 motorized rifle division (23-1967), commander of the regiment (XNX-xNXX), and commander of the regiment (XNXXX) Motorized Rifle Division (1969-242), Commander of the 1969 Motorized Rifle Division in the Siberian Military District (1975-1975). In 1980, Major-General Dalibaltayan was appointed first deputy chief of staff of the Soviet Southern Group of Forces in Budapest, and in 1987-1987. He served as deputy commander of the North Caucasian Military District for combat training, with whom he entered the reserve of the USSR Armed Forces in XNUMX.
In addition to General Dalibaltayan, many other generals and colonels of the Soviet Army of Armenian nationality entered the service of the Armenian armed forces, who considered it their duty to make a feasible contribution to strengthening the national army and improving its combat capability. Among them, it should be noted, first of all, Lieutenant-General Norat Grigorievich Ter-Grigoryants (b. 1936). A graduate of the Ulyanovsk Guards Tank School 1960 of the Year, Norat Ter-Grigoryants, graduated from the commander of a tank platoon to a commander of a tank regiment, chief of staff and commander of a motorized rifle division, served as first deputy chief of staff of the Turkestan military district, chief of a school, a headquarters of a school, a headquarters of a school, a headquarters of a school, the headquarters of the headquarters of the Turkestan military district, the headquarters of the headquarters of the Turkestan military district, headquarters of the headquarters Deputy Chief of the Main Staff of the Ground Forces of the Armed Forces of the USSR — Chief of the Organizational-Mobilization Directorate (in this position in 40, Mr. Norat, Ter-Grigoriants, was assigned the rank of Lieutenant General of the Soviet Army). At the end of 1983, the city of Norat Ter-Grigoryants responded to the proposal of the republican leadership of Armenia to take part in the construction of national armed forces, after which he left Moscow for Yerevan. 1991 August 10 appointed by the decree of the President of Armenia to the post of Commander of the armed forces of Armenia. Then General Ter-Grigoryants replaced General Dalibaltayan as the first deputy minister of defense of the country - the chief of the General Staff. It is impossible not to name among those who stood at the origins of the Armenian national armed forces such figures as generals Mikael Harutyunyan, Hrach Andreasyan, Yury Khachaturov, Mikael Grigoryan, Artush Arutyunyan, Alik Mirzabekyan and many others.
During 1992, the Ministry of Defense of Armenia created the services of logistics and armaments, the branch of service, the structure of military units, conducted the first call-up for military service, formed the country's border troops. However, in June, 1992 began the most difficult period of armed confrontation with Azerbaijan. The armed forces of Azerbaijan, more numerous and well-equipped, launched an offensive. Under the blows of superior enemy forces, Armenian units retreated from the territory of the Martakert region, while simultaneously evacuating the civilian population. Nevertheless, despite the incomparable scale of human and economic resources, Armenia managed to take revenge - in many ways, thanks to the courage of Armenian soldiers and officers, who demonstrated numerous examples of heroism. At the end of March 1993, a Kelbajar operation was carried out. In June 1993, the Azerbaijani troops retreated from Martakert under the blows of the Armenian army, left Agdam in July, and Jabrail, Zangelan, Kubatlu and Fizuli left in August-October. Trying to "recoup" for defeat, in December 1993, the Azerbaijani army again launched an unprecedented offensive that lasted five months. The Armenian army defeated the enemy again, after which 19 in May 1994 in Moscow, the defense ministers of Armenia, Nagorno-Karabakh and Azerbaijan signed an agreement on a cease-fire.
What is the Armenian army
However, the end of an open armed confrontation with Azerbaijan did not mean that at any moment a neighboring state, gaining strength and enlisting the support of its allies, would not make a new attempt at revenge. Therefore, it was impossible for Armenia to relax - active work continued in the country to further strengthen and develop national armed forces. The Russian Federation provided invaluable assistance in arming the Armenian army. Only in 1993-1996. The Armed Forces of Armenia received from the Russian Federation the following weapons: 84 main tank T-72, 50 units BMP-2, 36 - 122-mm howitzers D-30, 18 - 152-mm howitzer guns D-20, 18 - 152-mm howitzers D-1, 18 - 122-mm 40-barrel MLRS BM-21 "Grad", 8 PU operational-tactical missile system 9K72 and 32 guided ballistic missile R-17 (8K14) to them, 27 PU troop air defense missile system of medium-range " Circle "(brigade kit) and 349 anti-aircraft guided missiles to them, 40 anti-aircraft guided missiles to the OSA short-range SAM systems, 26 mortars, 40 ПЗ RK "Needle" and 200 anti-aircraft guided missiles to them, 20 machine gun grenade launchers (73-mm anti-tank LNG-9 or 30-mm automatic anti-personnel AGSM7). Were provided with small arms and ammunition: 306 machine guns, 7910 submachine guns, 1847 pistols, more than 489 thousands of various artillery shells, about 478,5 thousands of 30 mm projectiles for BMP-2, 4 self-propelled anti-tank missiles, XRUMX, anti-gunners, anti-attackers, and anti-gunners. Thousands of hand grenades and more 945 million ammo for rifle arms. In addition, it is aware of the purchases of Su-25 attack aircraft by the Armenian armed forces in Slovakia and heavy MRL systems in the People's Republic of China. Regarding the size of the country's armed forces, in accordance with the text of the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe, the maximum number of armed forces of the Republic of Armenia is set at 60 thousand people. In addition, the maximum quantities of weapons and military equipment were also installed: the main tanks - 220, BTR and BMP - 220, artillery systems of a caliber larger than 100 mm - 285, attack helicopters - 50, combat aircraft - 100.
Recruitment of the armed forces of Armenia is carried out on a mixed basis - by conscription for military service and by hiring professional service officers - warrant officers, sergeants for service under the contract. The mobilization capabilities of the Armenian army are estimated at 32 000 people of the nearest reserve and 350 000 people of a full reserve. The strength of the country's armed forces in 2011 was estimated at 48 850 troops. The Armenian armed forces consist of ground forces, air forces, air defense forces and border troops. The country's land forces include four army corps, including 10 motorized infantry regiments and 1 artillery brigade. The Armenian land forces are armed with 102 T-72 tanks; 10 T-55 tanks; 192 BMP-1; 7 BMP-1K; 5 BMP-2; 200 BRDM-2; 11 BTR-60; 4 BTR-80; 21 BTR-70; 13 self-propelled ATGM 9P149 "Sturm-S"; 14 MLRS WM-80; 50 MLRS BM-21 "Grad"; 28 152mm ACS 2C3 "Acacia"; 10 122mm SAU 2C1 "Carnation"; 59 122 mm D-30 howitzers; 62 units 152 mm guns 2A36 and D-20.
The air forces of Armenia appeared much later than the ground forces of the country. The process of their creation began in the summer of 1993, but officially the Armenian Air Force began its journey on June 1, 1998. The Armenian Air Force is based on two bases - “Shirak” and “Erebuni”, and also include training aviation squadron, air commandant’s offices, airfield maintenance battalions, aviation repair company. The Armenian Air Force has 1 MiG-25 fighter-interceptor, 9 Su-25K attack aircraft, 1 Su-25 UB combat trainer, 4 L-39 airborne fighters; 16 TCB Yak-52; 12 multi-purpose attack helicopters Mi-24, 11 multi-purpose helicopters Mi-8, 2 multi-purpose helicopters Mi-9.
The air defense forces of Armenia were established in May 1992 and, to date, represent the actually revived Soviet air defense system covering the territory of Armenia. The air defense of Armenia includes the 1 anti-aircraft missile brigade and the 2 anti-aircraft missile regiment, the 1 separate radio engineering brigade, the 1 separate rocket squad. The country's air defense system is included in the CSTO joint air defense system, maintains combat duty and controls the airspace of the Republic of Armenia. The air defense forces are: 55 PU ZUR (eight PU ZRK C-75, 20 PU ZRK C-125, 18 PU ZRK "Krug", nine OSR "Osa"), two divisions of the anti-aircraft missile system C-300, 18 AMR Krug, 20 PU ZRK C-125, 8 PU ZRK C-75, 9 LAW Osa, 8 tactical complexes 9K72 Elbrus, 8 mobile PU OTK P-17 Scud.
Armenian border troops guard the state borders of the country with Georgia and Azerbaijan. In addition, there are Russian troops in Armenia guarding the state border with Iran and Turkey. It should be noted that on the territory of Armenia in accordance with the Treaty on the legal status of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, located on the territory of Armenia, signed on August 21 1992 of the year, and the Treaty on the Russian military base on the territory of the Republic of Armenia on March 16, the Russian army is deployed. The 1995 Motorized Rifle Division, which was part of the Transcaucasian Military District, became the basis of the 102-th Russian military base stationed in Gyumri. Initially, the agreement on the military base of the Russian army in Armenia was concluded for 127 years, then extended to 25. The Russian military are called upon to provide defense of the Republic of Armenia, in case of any external threat to Armenia this threat will be considered as an attack on the Russian Federation. However, the presence of the Russian military base does not negate the need for further development and improvement of the Armenian armed forces.
How to become an Armenian officer?
Practically from the first days of the existence of the Armenian national army, the question of training its personnel, first of all officer personnel, became acute. Despite the fact that many officers and warrant officers, who had previously served in the Soviet Army and had extensive military service experience, immediately joined the army of the country, the need for young commanders to replenish the officer corps became obvious. In addition to the fact that the training of officers of the armed forces of the country was begun in military schools of the Russian Federation, a number of military schools were opened in Armenia itself. First of all, it is - the Military Institute. Vazgen Sargsyan. Its history began on June 24 1994, when the Armenian government decided to create a military educational institution in the country. 25 June 1994 was formed the Higher Military Command School (IUADU).
It trained future officers - specialists in 8 profiles. The Defense Administration of Armenia was reorganized into the Military Institute, which since 2000 has been named after Vazgen Sargsyan. From 29 in May 2001, according to the order of the Minister of Defense of the country, the Military Institute trains cadets in two specialties - motorized rifle and artillery. Currently, there are 2 faculties in the Military Institute - Combined Arms with 4 departments and Artillery - with 3 departments, and in addition - 3 are separate departments. Officers of the future commanders of motorized rifle, tank, reconnaissance, engineering and sapper platoons, engineers of tracked and wheeled military vehicles are trained at the general military faculty. The term of study is 4 of the year. Artillery platoon commanders, tracked and wheeled military vehicles are trained at the faculty of artillery, and are also a component of 4 of the year. Graduates of the Military Institute are given the military rank of “lieutenant” on condition that they successfully pass the final examinations, after which they serve to serve in various positions in the armed forces of the Republic of Armenia. In addition, at the Military Institute there are officer-based courses for 1, which are attended by military recruits with higher education. The right to enter the university has civilian young people under the age of 21, and military personnel under the age of 23 years who have a secondary education and are fit for military service in officer positions. The head of the institute is Major General Maxim Nazarovich Karapetyan.
The training of officers of the Air Force of Armenia is carried out in the Armenak Khanopyants Military-Aviation Institute. The need for qualified personnel of the national military aviation led to the creation in the spring of 1993 of the military aviation center of the Ministry of Defense of the Republic of Armenia, which became the first military educational institution of the country. The center was established on the basis of the republican aeroclub and “Arzni” airfield, transferred under the control of the Ministry of Defense of Armenia. In 1994, the training center was given the status of a secondary specialized educational institution and a new name is the Yerevan Military Aviation Flight Technical School with a training period of 3 of the year. In 2001, the school was transformed into the Military Aviation Institute of the Ministry of Defense of the Republic of Armenia, and the period of study was extended to 4 years. In 2002, the institute began training officers for communications, and in 2005, officers for air defense forces. In 2005, the institute received the name of Marshal Armenak Khanperyants. Currently, the 4 faculty is a member of the Military Aviation Institute. At the faculty of general education subjects, the general training of cadets in military and engineering disciplines is carried out, and at the aviation faculty, the faculty of communications and the faculty of air defense, specialized cadets are trained. The post of the head of the institute is occupied by Colonel Daniel Kimovich Balayan, who before the declaration of independence of the republic led the activities of the Yerevan Aero Club.
The Military Institute and the Military Aviation Institute are the main military educational institutions of the Republic of Armenia. In addition, there is also a military medical faculty of Yerevan State Medical University. It was created by 19 in May of 1994, on the basis of the Department of Medical Service Organization and Extreme Medicine of the EGMU. Future military doctors of the Armenian army are trained at the faculty, and besides this, military training is being carried out under the programs of reserve officers for students of other specialties of Yerevan State Medical University.
Young people can get a secondary education with a military bias in the Monte Melkonyan Military Sports Lyceum. It began its history in 1997, when the military school complex, formerly part of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Armenia, passed to the Ministry of Defense of Armenia. In the Military Sports Lyceum. Monte Melkonyan provides training for students in high school 10-12 educational programs. The head of the lyceum from 2007 is Colonel Vitaly V. Voskanyan. Male adolescents are enrolled in the school, and tuition is free. In addition to general education, special emphasis in the process of teaching cadets is on physical, tactical, fire, engineering training. After the school year is over, his students leave for a two-week camp gathering, during which they take courses in fire, tactical, engineering, mining, military medical and physical training, and military topography. After graduating from the lyceum, the overwhelming majority of graduates apply for admission to the higher military educational institutions of Armenia (Military Institute, Military Aviation Institute) and other states. Many graduates of the Lyceum study in various educational institutions of the Russian Federation, as well as in the Military Academy of the Ground Forces of Greece.
Greece, by the way, is the closest military partner and ally of Armenia among the states that are part of the NATO bloc. Every year, several Armenian citizens are sent for military and military-medical education to military schools in Greece. Armenian peacekeepers served as part of the Greek peacekeeping battalion in Kosovo. In addition to Kosovo, Armenian military personnel served as part of peacekeeping contingents in Iraq and Afghanistan. Not so long ago, Armenian Defense Minister Seyran Ohanyan said that the coming 2016 was announced in the Armenian army as a year of commanders' readiness, which implies a closer attention to improving the preparation and training of Armenian officers.