Military Review

"Bastions" help Syrian tankers destroy terrorists at a distance of 4 km

31
During the fighting in Syria, government tankers began to use last year tank 9M117 guided missiles of the 9K116-1 Bastion complex. It is worth noting that such weapon practically did not take part in numerous local wars, where Russia participated, despite the fact that it was already “prescribed” on Russian tanks as 40 years. We can only recall a few episodes during the first Chechen company. In addition, then in the battles there were complexes "Cobra" of T-80BV tanks with radio command guidance. So it turns out that Syrian tankers were the first in the world to use tank missiles aimed at a laser beam in a real war.


"Bastions" help Syrian tankers destroy terrorists at a distance of 4 km


At the beginning of the 80-s in the USSR, it was decided to modernize outdated domestic vehicles of the first post-war generation, including the T-55. In Omsk, where the T-55 in its “extreme” version was produced (mainly for export) right up to the 1977 year, the designers did a lot to improve the characteristics of the veteran tank to the first versions of the T-64 and T-72.

In particular, the "fifty-fifth" stuffing was thoroughly refined. On the machine, the Volna fire control system appeared with a KDT-2 laser rangefinder, a BV-55 ballistic computer, which automatically generated aiming and lateral lead angles when firing conventional shells.



Another highlight was the 9K116 "Bastion" guided weapon system, with the 9M117 rocket launched through an 100-mm rifled gun. The target hit range is from 100 to 4000 meters. Flight speed 370 m / s. Penetration to 600 mm. The probability of hitting at the maximum range is up to 80%. The rocket can be used in 40-degree frosts and in heat up to 50 degrees, which is important in Syrian conditions.

T-55 tanks with "Bastions" could effectively hit both the old NATO M-60, Leopard-1, Chiefen and AMX-30 vehicles in frontal hull projections, as well as new-generation tanks, such as the M-1 Abrams , however, in the board. In Soviet times, the repair of old tanks was carried out by tank repair plants of the USSR Ministry of Defense, including an enterprise located in Lviv. It was here that the 200 T-55 for Syria was upgraded. True, these works were carried out already at the time of independence of Ukraine. The very same anti-tank weapons Syria purchased directly in Russia.



And, although the upgraded T-55MV tanks began to be used from the very beginning of the conflict, there were no real facts about the use of 9М117 missiles. Although, judging by the photo and video materials, such weapons could be captured by the militants. And so, last year, these missiles went into action. According to military experts, the ammunition available to the Syrian tankers is already on the verge of expiration, a little more, and they would completely turn into useless, albeit expensive scrap. Therefore, the Syrians, in this case, kill two birds with one stone: they use rockets and destroy the enemy with high precision.
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  1. Nikolaevich I
    Nikolaevich I 31 January 2016 06: 50
    26
    We also have a "nth" quantity of such missiles, so send them to Syria, do not waste the good!
    1. Starover_Z
      Starover_Z 31 January 2016 19: 04
      0
      Quote: Nikolaevich I
      We also have a "nth" quantity of such missiles, so send them to Syria, do not waste the good!

      At the same time, they will check the calculations of the designers for further developments!
      such weapons were practically not involved in numerous local wars, where Russia participated
  2. aszzz888
    aszzz888 31 January 2016 06: 55
    17
    Therefore, the Syrians, in this case, are killing two birds with one stone: they are utilizing rockets and precision destroying the enemy.


    Yes, sometimes disposal is more expensive than the cost of weapons or PSUs themselves. Let it be better to shred daishevtsev!
  3. ovod84
    ovod84 31 January 2016 06: 56
    +2
    Well say well done
    1. Ramzaj99
      Ramzaj99 31 January 2016 09: 54
      +3
      They are rarely used in connection with the complexity of their management. Or not even complexity, but inconvenience. Now they may have modernized it, but 5 years ago, a bro, serving as a tanker, fired such a projectile 2 times and still did not understand how to control it. In theory, everything just combined points and hold, but in reality it is not so simple.
      1. Alekseev
        Alekseev 31 January 2016 12: 00
        +4
        Quote: Ramzaj99
        the bro served as a 2 tanker and fired such a projectile once and still did not understand how to control it.

        It is, of course, hard "not to understand how to manage it." laughing
        If you do not inadvertently confuse what kind of shell the "bro" fired. Moreover, conscripts very rarely used this ammunition, they probably saved in those difficult years, only for ostentatious, etc., as a rule, events and it was at least 20 years ago ...
        In fact, the control system of this complex is very simple and does not require special gunner training.
        Actually, it seems that 55 is like in the photo in the article: everything is in contact, although the first one, with the CRM, the B-46 diesel engine, for Syria, that’s it. Still protected ZPU on it and a curtain.
        1. Ramzaj99
          Ramzaj99 31 January 2016 14: 25
          +1
          Quote: Alekseev
          In fact, the control system of this complex is very simple and does not require special gunner training.

          I give you the words of a man who really shot this shell.
          And this is the opinion of the majority of DEADLINES. And if they were taught, perhaps the result would be different.
          And you, dear, even though you saw this complex in the picture, before asserting, about the non-exactingness of the gunner’s special training.
        2. The comment was deleted.
      2. Nikolaevich I
        Nikolaevich I 31 January 2016 12: 07
        +3
        I did not "hear" about the "inconvenience" of controlling "laser-beam" TOURs, but I had to "hear" complaints about the "inconvenience" of pointing radio-controlled "Cobras" ...
      3. Aleks tv
        Aleks tv 31 January 2016 12: 25
        +4
        Quote: Ramzaj99
        the bro served as a 2 tanker and fired such a projectile once and still did not understand how to control it.

        A novel, a certain sequence of sequential actions is simply performed.
        It is not complicated, you just need to remember it at the level of habit ...)))
        And ... was the brother conscript or personnel ???
        If it’s personnel, then there should be a stopudovo skill, because they were chasing after it to practice the skill.
        If the conscript - then ... sorry, I do not believe. In Soviet times, such a shot was equal in value to the Lada, although used. Agreed that this is quite a bit)))))
        Conscripts fired like everyone else - with "boots", that is. a practical blank. Shot KUV rare in special cases.
        1. Ramzaj99
          Ramzaj99 31 January 2016 14: 29
          +1
          Quote: Aleks tv
          If the conscript - then ... sorry, I do not believe.

          Conscript I don’t know how now, but 5 years ago they fired on the whole range of shells, day and night, and quite often. 2 times during the entire service with these shells. And very few people without preparation were able to master the exact shooting of this ammunition.
          1. Victor Demchenko
            Victor Demchenko 31 January 2016 15: 33
            +3
            I answered myself. exactly "without preparation ... " even from a fail-free Kalash without preparation for 200 m it’s very difficult to get into a growth figure, especially from a tank ... hi
          2. Aleks tv
            Aleks tv 31 January 2016 21: 49
            0
            Quote: Ramzaj99
            Conscript I don’t know how now, but 5 years ago they fired with the whole range of shells, day and night, and quite often. 2 times for all the time of service with these shells.

            5 years ago ... I don’t know, was already in stock, maybe I'm wrong.
            The whole range of shells? ... Ahem, - shots.
            Armor-piercing "crowbars" with obturation wear out the bore like Mama does not burn ... KUV is insanely expensive ...
            What for ???
            Lomiks were still running the "shtatku", when the shelf life of the b / p went out, and the iron was spent on the capital ...

            ... 2 times for the entire duration of service ... ??? ...
            Roman, maybe 2 "staffs" for the entire period of service? This is normal. Shooting UKS on a tank Deriktissa. Practical HE and KUM shells are blanks verified by weight.
            This is normal, so all conscripts fired, ahem ... who was lucky.
            hi
        2. The comment was deleted.
  4. Alexander 3
    Alexander 3 31 January 2016 08: 15
    +1
    Shred nonhumans with everything you can, disposing of reptiles with expired ammunition.
  5. Mountain shooter
    Mountain shooter 31 January 2016 08: 47
    +3
    Probably, our advisers have helped again. They reminded them what they have in their "zagashniki" and LEARNED to use it. Syrian tankers studied poorly. Or COULD NOT GUESS that guided anti-tank missiles can be used like OFZ, only very accurate. Here ours helped ... What to do, Russian ingenuity.
  6. Zaurbek
    Zaurbek 31 January 2016 08: 56
    +4
    The Bastion is not doing well with a penetration, but the IG will do well for firing on bunkers.
  7. PKK
    PKK 31 January 2016 09: 24
    +1
    Syria is so dense that these shells aren’t enough. You need to carry and carry to Syria everything you can shoot.
  8. slon991
    slon991 31 January 2016 09: 37
    -3
    I do not share the enthusiasm of the author. Soup should be eaten with a spoon, not a fork. Why is there armor penetration up to 600 mm? There you need ammunition with a good HE warhead.
    1. svp67
      svp67 31 January 2016 09: 59
      +2
      Quote: slon991
      I do not share the enthusiasm of the author. Soup should be eaten with a spoon, not a fork. Why is there armor penetration up to 600 mm? There you need ammunition with a good HE warhead.

      The accuracy and power of the "Bastion" TUR is sufficient for solving local tasks to defeat mobile enemy firing points, including tanks, which the enemy has plenty of ...
      1. slon991
        slon991 31 January 2016 10: 35
        +5
        The accuracy and power of the "Bastion" TUR is sufficient for solving local tasks to defeat mobile enemy firing points, including tanks, which the enemy has plenty of ...

        Yeah, there are tank duels at every turn. I don’t know how they will aim the rocket at the laser beams, if the tanks are trying to work according to the principle: they drove out from behind cover, fired and dumped (otherwise, you can get TOW). And I'm not sure that the crews know the location of a mobile target with such accuracy, for the most part they shoot "approximately in that direction" and this is where a powerful HE warhead is needed, not a cumulative one.
        I assume that they have problems with security, that’s what they use.
        1. svp67
          svp67 31 January 2016 11: 03
          0
          Quote: slon991
          I don’t know how they will direct the missile at the laser beams,

          You don’t know, but speak.
          Quote: slon991
          And not sure

          So why say so.
          Quote: slon991
          I assume that they have problems with security, that’s what they use.

          And here it’s not even necessary to assume, they openly talk about it.
          Quote: slon991
          for the most part, they shoot "approximately in that direction" and this is where a powerful HE warhead is needed, not a cumulative one.

          To do this, they use OFS, which they have enough. Don't confuse "soft with hot". TUR "Bastion" is a fairly weighty argument that accurately hits the enemy at ranges up to 5 km, not only a mobile enemy. "Bastion" - "scalpel", "ax" - this is the OFS
          1. slon991
            slon991 31 January 2016 12: 34
            +1
            "Bastion" - "scalpel", "ax" - this is the OFS

            Judging by how the clutches are operated there, there may not be a "surgeon" at hand, but any Akif can handle the "ax".
            1. svp67
              svp67 31 January 2016 13: 04
              0
              Quote: slon991
              Judging by how the clutches are handled there, "

              It is quite decent they deal with friction clutches
              Quote: slon991
              There may not be a "surgeon" at hand, but any Akif can handle the "ax".

              The battles are taking place in settlements where the positions of the opposite side very often coexist with important objects or houses of civilians and it is precisely "surgeons" that are required, and the Syrians have them. Here are just "scalpels" are clearly not enough, the question has even been raised about the supply of "Baby", but their range is too small.
              1. slon991
                slon991 31 January 2016 14: 19
                +2
                You probably army-square roll, wear round, and in the infantry beat armor-piercing. You would have to teach at the Academy of the General Staff
                1. aws4
                  aws4 1 February 2016 01: 04
                  +2
                  how interesting ..... but what about RPG7 cumulative infantry in buildings, pillboxes and obstacles do not work only on the tank ??? ))))))))))
  9. Bredovich705
    Bredovich705 31 January 2016 09: 45
    +2
    About the bassoon, too, they said that it is rather weak! However, Abrams in Yemen burns! So burn evil to all that comes to hand!
  10. misterwulf
    misterwulf 31 January 2016 10: 53
    -1
    Judging by the photo, there are a lot of such devices in the Donbass. It's hard to mix up. And both those and others. The mention of the Lions dotted E about their origin.
  11. voyaka uh
    voyaka uh 31 January 2016 12: 08
    10
    Israel fired at 105 mm Lahat tank missiles
    (analog of the Bastion, shoot from 120 mm, as sub-caliber)
    As anti-tank weapons, both are weak.
    but for unarmored / lightly armored targets - normal.
    The very fact of the combat use of the Bastion is interesting.
    1. Vadim237
      Vadim237 31 January 2016 19: 12
      0
      Ours in Chechnya used TUR Cobra - the experience was not successful and refused to use TUR.
  12. Free wind
    Free wind 31 January 2016 12: 15
    +2
    The T-54 looks much more secure than the T-72B3, well, at least look at the side screens
  13. kapitan92
    kapitan92 31 January 2016 12: 38
    +5
    Quote: slon991
    I do not share the enthusiasm of the author. Soup should be eaten with a spoon, not a fork. Why is there armor penetration up to 600 mm? There you need ammunition with a good HE warhead.

    The answer is in the same article!
    ........ "the ammunition at the disposal of the Syrian tankers is already on the verge of expiration of the shelf life, a little more, and they would completely turn into useless, albeit expensive, scrap. Therefore, the Syrians, in this case, are killing two birds with one stone: they will dispose of missiles and precisely destroy the enemy "....
    There is a lot to do in Syria! To destroy the enemy, you must use ALL that is.
    MORE PAID !! smile
  14. mahor
    mahor 31 January 2016 14: 58
    +3
    In 1981, the 9K116 "Kustet" complex with a laser-guided missile fired from the barrel of a 100-mm T-12 anti-tank gun was adopted by the USSR ground forces. The complex was developed by the Tula KBP team headed by A.G. Shipunov.

    Even before the completion of the development of the Kastet complex, it was decided to launch the development of guided weapon systems unified with it for the T-54, T-55 and T-62 tanks. Almost simultaneously, two complexes 9K116-1 "Bastion" were developed, compatible with 100-mm rifled guns of the D-10T family of T-54/55 and 9K116-2 "Sheksna" tanks, intended for T-62 tanks with 115-mm smooth-bore guns U-5TS. The 9M117 rocket was borrowed from the Kastom complex without changes, while in the Sheksna complex it was equipped with support belts to ensure stable movement along the barrel of a 115 mm caliber. The changes mainly affected the cartridge case with a propelling charge, redesigned for the chambers of these guns.

    As a result, in a short time at relatively low cost, conditions were created for the modernization of third-generation tanks, which provides a multiple increase in combat efficiency and significantly equalizes the fire capabilities of their modernized models - T-55M, T-55MV, T-55AM, T-55AMV, T-55AD, T-62M, T-62MV at long range firing with fourth-generation tanks.

    The development of tank systems was completed in 1983.

    Subsequently, the Bastion and Sheksna complexes served as the basis for the creation of the 9K116-3 Fable complex of the guided weapons of the BMP-3 infantry fighting vehicle. At present, AK "Tulamashzavod" has mastered serial production of the upgraded 9M117M missile with a tandem cumulative warhead capable of penetrating the reactive armor of modern and advanced tanks.

    In the west, the complex received the designation AT-10 "Sabber".
  15. mahor
    mahor 31 January 2016 14: 59
    0
    The 9K116 guided tank weapons complex includes the following elements:

    A ZUBK10-1 shot with a 9M117 guided missile;
    control equipment "Volna";
    1K13-1 aiming device with an 8-fold increase in the daytime channel and 5.5 times the night;
    voltage converter 9C831.
    On external contours, the guided shot ZUBK10-1 is close to its uncontrolled counterparts - high-explosive fragmentation ZUOF10 and ZUFO37. Shot ZUBK10-1 consists of a rocket and a sleeve. The sleeve is made of steel, has a screw bottom with a detonator. Inside the liner there is a propellant charge that informs the rocket of the initial velocity of 400-500 m / s, a trellised shell, a centering ring and an inert gas reservoir, which allows the propellant to be purged and removed after firing.

    See the ZUBK10 shot image gallery.

    The ZUBK10 shot is a unit-loading ammunition, which allows it to be used in automated warheads. The entire sequence of missile launch operations is carried out automatically.

    The missile is made according to the "duck" scheme with placement in front of the 9N136M cumulative warhead of aerodynamic rudders and an air-dynamic steering gear of a closed circuit with a frontal air intake. To reduce the size of the solid propellant engine is made with the front location of two oblique nozzles. The tail section houses the main units of the onboard guidance system with a laser receiver. The wings deployed by a special device are located at an angle to the longitudinal axis of the rocket and ensure its rotation in flight. Rocket guidance - semi-automatic laser beam.

    Tank automated fire control system "Volna" was created on the basis of the equipment of the "Kastet" complex. Differs in the minimum weight and volume - 47 liters of additionally installed blocks. The guidance system is well protected from various interference and provides high accuracy of destruction.
    1. Vadim237
      Vadim237 31 January 2016 19: 18
      -1
      Yes, these missiles need several thousand - where will Syria get so much money from them, one such missile costs more than 400000 rubles.
  16. mahor
    mahor 31 January 2016 15: 01
    0
    Firing Range, m 100-4000
    Rocket flight speed, m / s 370
    Flight time at maximum range, from 13
    The weight of the rocket 9M117, kg 17.6
    Caliber mm 100
    Length, mm 1048
    Swing stabilizers, mm 255
    Penetration, mm 550-600
    The probability of hitting a tank type target at a maximum range of 0.8
    Temperature range for combat use, ° С -40 .. + 50
    Sources of

    R.D.Angelsky "Domestic anti-tank complexes" -M: OOO "Astrel Publishing House", 2002, -192s.
    Das Panzerdetail - Munition der 100 mm Kanone D-10
    Shots 3UBK10, 3UBK10-1, 3UBK10-2, 3UBK10-3 with 9M117 anti-tank guided missile

    source: http://rbase.new-factoria.ru/missile/wobb/bastion/bastion.shtml
  17. tochila
    tochila 31 January 2016 17: 24
    0
    Not even during my studies (84-88 years) in a tank school and later I practically didn’t shoot a tank with practically controlled weapons! I didn’t even see how it was done! Although I was theoretically trained! Expensive pleasure !!!
  18. samoletil18
    samoletil18 31 January 2016 21: 08
    +1
    If such ammunition is spoiled in Syria, I can imagine how much we have. Although, already sailed there, most likely. Utilization is an expensive process.
  19. Seraphimamur
    Seraphimamur 1 February 2016 05: 18
    0
    That created the weapon is still relevant!
  20. Konstantin Yu
    Konstantin Yu 1 February 2016 17: 21
    0
    Shoot will go and the cores, the main thing is to fly directly into the forehead.