Military Review

115 marks the birth of the great Russian commander Georgy Zhukov

115 marks the birth of the great Russian commander Georgy Zhukov

Georgy Zhukov - one of the most talented commanders of the XX century. For all patriots of his homeland, he is a symbol of the resilience and inflexibility of the national spirit, vividly manifested during the Great Patriotic War of the 1941-1945 years. And today, his powerful intelligence, willpower, and high citizenship are striking in their power.

The art of commanding G.K. Zhukov recognized worldwide. It was not by chance that the title of Marshal of Victory was attached to him, and it was he, Marshal of the Soviet Union G.K. Zhukov, on behalf of the USSR government on the night of 8 on 9 in May, 1945 accepted the unconditional surrender of fascist Germany.

The fate of George Konstantinovich abruptly changed, forcing him to experience ups and downs. In the postwar years, he had to repeatedly experience injustice on the part of the country's leadership. However, after Marshal’s long deliberate oblivion historical justice has been restored. In the homeland of Georgy Konstantinovich, in the city named after him (Zhukov), on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of Victory in the Great Patriotic War, the State Museum of G.K. Zhukov, by the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation, the Order and Medal of Zhukov were established, monuments to the outstanding commander were erected in Moscow and other cities, streets and avenues were named in his honor.

But there is a place in Moscow where you can not only bow to the commander’s memory, learn about his arduous way of life, but also plunge into his era, feel the energy of this extraordinary person - the memorial office of Marshal of the Soviet Union GK Zhukov.

The museum is located on Znamenka Street in the building of the General Staff of the Armed Forces, in the office where Georgy Konstantinovich worked as Minister of Defense of the USSR from February 1955 to October 1957.
The exposition of the museum office is located in three halls, which are the former reception room, study and rest room of the Minister of Defense.

Inspection of the memorial museum office begins with the first exhibition hall. Massive oak doors open and a large room with tall windows and stucco on the ceiling appears to the visitor’s eyes. This is the former reception of the Minister of Defense of the USSR. Now there is a museum exposition in chronological order, reflecting the main stages of the life and work of Georgy Zhukov.

At the beginning of the journey

According to the presented extract from the November 19 metric book 1896 in a family of peasants in the village of Strelkovka Ugodsko-Zavodskoy volost Konstantin Artemyevich and Ustinyi Artemyevna Zhukovs a baby was born, on November 20 he was baptized and named George. The view of the Zhukovs' village house speaks of a difficult peasant life. Little Egor was accustomed to childhood since childhood, like all peasant children, but among his peers he stood out with a special love for reading, he even dreamed of becoming a typographical worker. But since the Zhukov family lived very poorly, the dream of little Egor was not destined to come true - after graduating from the parochial school, he was sent to Moscow to his mother’s brother, Mikhail Artemievich Pylykhin, to learn horse skimming. In his disciples, George passed from 1907 to 1911, after which he was transferred to the category of masters.

And here before our eyes - one of the first pictures of George Konstantinovich. Here he looks elegant and solemn, because he is already an adult, an independent person, a furry master, he has his own students, he independently conducts business. But life makes its own adjustments - the First World War began, and 7 August 1915 G. G.K. Zhukov was drafted into the army. After military training, in August 1916, the city of George was sent to the South-Western Front, where, after winning about three months, he was seriously contused.

Among the materials, telling about this period of time, you can see a portrait of 20-year-old vice-non-commissioned officer GK Zhukov, two crosses of St. George, samples weapons the old Russian army, photos of the First World War, giving the opportunity to present the situation of wartime in those years.

Subsequently, G.K. Zhukov recalled: "I got from the squadron to the training team as a young soldier, and returned with non-commissioned officers' marks, front-line experience and two St. George crosses on my chest, which I was awarded for capturing a German officer and a contusion."

The continuation of the exhibition introduces the visitor to the period of the civil war in the life of Georgy Konstantinovich. Among the exhibits there is the solemn promise of the Red Army, approved by the All-Russian Central Executive Committee (VTSIK) 22 of April 1918. This promise was made by Georgy Konstantinovich when after the revolution of 1917 and the collapse of the old Russian army voluntarily joined the Red Army. Here is the cavalry budenovka - a cloth helmet with a blue star. On one of the photographs of that time you can see George Konstantinovich in such a headdress.

During the civil war, Georgy Konstantinovich passed the combat path from a private to a squadron commander. He was distinguished by courage and determination, the ability to lead fighters in the most difficult military operations, while showing personal courage and resilience. The museum exhibits a copy of the Order of the Revolutionary Military Council of the Republic No. 183 of 31 August 1922 on awarding the commander of the 2 squadron of the 1 Cavalry Regiment G.K. Zhukov Order of the Red Banner for the battle near the village of Vyazovaya Pochta of the Tambov province, photographs of G.K. Zhukov those years.

At one of them, Georgy Konstantinovich was captured with Alexandra Dievna Zuykova. From the photo look young, bright faces. They met in the harsh years of civil war. Soon she became his loyal friend and wife and went with her husband a long way of life, sacredly keeping the family hearth, which was a reliable rear in the difficult fate of the commander. After the end of the civil war, after a large-scale demobilization, there remained in the army people who chose military profession for themselves. Among them was George Konstantinovich. Further exposition tells about his life journey in the interwar period.

Steps commanding maturity

From 1922-th to 1939 G.K. Zhukov went from a squadron commander to deputy commander of the Belarusian military district for cavalry. He constantly improved his accumulated military experience and enhanced his military theoretical knowledge. In 1924-1925 G.K. Zhukov was trained at the Higher Cavalry School in Leningrad, and in 1929-1930. - At the Courses of the highest commanding staff in Moscow.

The exposition includes a significant photograph - graduates of cavalry advanced training courses for 1925 commanders: G.К. Zhukov, I.Kh. Bagramyan, A.I. Yeremenko, K.K. Rokossovsky, who later became Marshals of the Soviet Union. Military fate then more than once drove these people.

In one of the photographs placed on the stand, Georgy Konstantinovich with the Order of Lenin on his chest. This is evidence of another important milestone in his life. In March 1933 G.K. Zhukov was appointed commander of the 4-th Don Cavalry named after K.E. Voroshilov Division (Belarusian Military District, Slutsk), the former core of the legendary First Cavalry Army. Redeployed from near Leningrad to the Belarusian Military District to an unprepared base, the division was forced to do its own improvement, as a result of which its combat training dropped significantly. Under the leadership of Georgy Konstantinovich in 1936, the division was one of the first in combat, political and technical training, for which GK Zhukov was awarded a high award - the Order of Lenin. The division was also awarded the highest government award for the success achieved.

In 1937 G.K. Zhukov became commander of the 3 Cavalry Corps. The 6 Cavalry Chongar Red Banner Division named after S.M. Budyonny. The genuine Honorary Revolutionary Banner of the Central Election Commission of the USSR of this division is presented in the exposition, as well as the weapon - a checker, modeled on the officer 1909, and the Mauser system pistol, which was in service with the commanders of the Red Army.

The regiment commander, brigade commander, division commander, corps commander are all steps of commanding maturity George Konstantinovich Zhukov passed through, therefore it was quite natural that he was appointed deputy commander for cavalry by the troops of the Belarusian Military District at the end of 1938.

Becoming a commander

The materials of the further museum exposition offer the visitor to familiarize themselves with the period of the formation of G.К. Zhukov as a commander.

In 1939, the Soviet government, fulfilling its commitment from 12 in March 1936, provided the Mongolian People's Republic (MPR) with military assistance in defeating the Japanese aggressors who invaded the territory of the friendly Mongolia in the Khalkhin-Gol region. In the certificate number 3191 of 24 in May 1939, signed by the People's Commissar of Defense K.E. Voroshilov indicated that "the bearer of this division divisional comrade. Zhukov is sent to the Mongolian People's Republic. ”

In the steppes of Mongolia under the leadership of G.K. Zhukov was a successful operation to defeat the Japanese troops. By telegram from 28 August 1939, the commander of the 1 Army Group of Soviet Forces in Mongolia, commander G. K. Zhukov informs the Commissar of Defense about the completion of the operation to eliminate the Japanese group. Georgy Konstantinovich's leadership debut took place.

Documents of that time provide an opportunity to trace all the events of the period of command G.K. Zhukov 57-m special case, deployed to 15 July 1939, in the 1-th army group. The map charts presented in the exposition tell in detail about the course of military operations. In the photos located here, you can see G.K. Zhukov, observing the course of hostilities, at the site of the defeat of the Japanese invaders at the Khalkhin-Gol river, during a conversation with tank fighters, etc.

“For all our troops, commanders of the units, commanders of units and for me personally,” emphasized Zhukov, “the battles on Khalkhin Gol were a great school of combat experience.”

For the skillful leadership of the Soviet troops in combat operations against the Japanese invaders and the courage and courage displayed by the 42, the summer commander Zhukov 29 August 1939 was awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union.

On the high appreciation of the role of G.K. by the Mongolian people. Zhukov in the defeat of the Japanese aggressors and the strengthening of the armed forces of Mongolia tell the exhibits another window of the museum cabinet. These are certificates for the Mongolian People's Republic awards, which Georgy Konstantinovich was awarded to: two Orders of the Red Banner, three Orders of Sukhbaatar, the “Golden Star” of the Hero of the Mongolian People's Republic.

In June 1940 G.K. Zhukov received an order from Moscow to appear in the People's Commissariat. By that time, he received the military rank of “Army General”, as evidenced by the copy of the Resolution of the Council of People's Commissars of the USSR No. 945 of 4 June 1940 presented in the exposition “On the assignment of military ranks to the highest commanding staff of the Red Army”.

Arriving in Moscow, in the office of I.V. Stalin, where members of the Politburo gathered, General of the Army GK Zhukov gave an assessment of the Japanese army, gave a detailed account of everything that had occupied him all of the past year. Describing the Soviet troops, he highly appreciated tankers, artillerymen, pilots, stressed the need for further training of rifle troops, spoke in favor of an increase in the composition of the Red Army armored and mechanized troops. Report G.K. Zhukova was listened to with attention. In conclusion, I.V. Stalin said: “Now you have combat experience. Take Kiev district and use your experience in the preparation of troops. "

The new document and - a new stage in the life of George Konstantinovich. By order of the USSR People’s Commissar for Defense Marshal SK Tymoshenko on army personnel No. 12469 from 7 June 1940, General of the Army G.K. Zhukov was appointed commander of the Kiev Special Military District.

After the fall of Poland, the Red Army launched a liberation campaign, taking the population of Western Ukraine and Western Belarus under protection. The Soviet border was pushed hundreds of kilometers away, but behind it now was Germany. Under these conditions, the strategic position of the Kiev Special Military District acquired great importance for the security of the Soviet Union.

Considering the appointment of the commander of the district as an honor for himself and trying to justify high confidence, Army General GK Zhukov, being in this position, did a great job in combat training of troops. He paid special attention to conducting operational-strategic exercises in conditions close to combat. The exercises were conducted in any weather, day and night. Georgy Konstantinovich was constantly in the army. The exercises held in September 1940, for which Marshal of the Soviet Union Defense Commissar S.K. Tymoshenko, was highly appreciated.

Among the materials presented to the visitors of the exhibition dedicated to this period of activity of G.K. Zhukov, there is a series of photographs, where the commander of the Kiev Special Military District was captured with the USSR Commissar of Defense Marshal of the Soviet Union SK. Tymoshenko in tactical classes, during the inspection of small arms, among the fighters in field exercises.

The whole of October, 1940, George Konstantinovich, led the preparation of the report "Characteristics of a modern offensive operation." He followed the course of hostilities in Europe with great attention, trying to understand the basis of the strategy and tactics of the Wehrmacht, what was his strength, and again analyzed the results of the Finnish war and his own experience gained in Khalkhin Gol.

The exposition contains a rare exhibit - a book for official use “Fights at Khalkhin-Gol”, published in 1940 by the Military Publishing House of the People’s Commissariat of Defense of the USSR, which contains an article by Army General GK. Zhukov.

With the report prepared by G.K. Zhukov spoke in Moscow at a meeting of the high command of the Workers 'and Peasants' Red Army held in the winter of 1940-1941.

As follows from the “Agenda of the Military Conference” presented to the visitors, the report was held at the morning session of the third day, December 25.

Georgy Konstantinovich clearly described the strategy and tactics of a potential enemy, sharply and clearly reported on the state of the Soviet troops, on the need for the urgent creation of large operational mechanized associations. The depth of the report and the courage with which it was made made a great impression on those present. The large-scale operational thinking of Georgy Konstantinovich was vividly manifested in a large strategic game, conducted immediately after the meeting. The beginning of the war was played. G.K. Zhukov played for the "Western" and won. In the later analysis of the game, he pointed out the need to improve the literacy of senior commanders, and examined the reasons why the “eastern” did not manage to hold back the offensive of the “western”. The next day G.K. Zhukov was called by Stalin and was appointed to the post of Chief of the General Staff. Georgy Konstantinovich took over this position as 1 in February of 1941, and for a short period before the start of the war he carried out an enormous amount of work to prepare the country and the army for the approaching war.

Among the exhibits are personal papers of the Chief of the General Staff of the Army General GK Zhukov. On one of the photographs, Georgiy Konstantinovich was captured during the inspection of new models of weapons created by Soviet designers.

Marshal of Victory

Various and interesting exhibits of the memorial museum, telling about the activities of George Konstantinovich during the Great Patriotic War. Here you can find interesting materials and documents testifying to the uniqueness of Zhukov’s personality and his leadership talent.

During various periods of the Great Patriotic War, Georgy Konstantinovich commanded five fronts, as a member of the General Headquarters of the Supreme Command, coordinated the actions of a number of fronts. In addition, 26 August 1942 Supreme Commander I.V. Stalin appointed General of the Army G.K. Zhukov his only deputy.

In the exposition turnstiles - maps of the main battles conducted by Zhukov. These are the Yelninskaya offensive operation and the defense of Leningrad, the battle for Moscow and Stalingrad.

In the exposition materials there is an order to the troops of the Western Front about the entry of General of the Army G.K. Zhukov in command of the front, his explanatory note to the plan map of the counteroffensive of the Soviet troops near Moscow, with a stroke of I.V. Stalin "I agree," a series of photographs and other documents of the period.

For the Stalingrad operation G.K. Zhukov was awarded his first award in the Great Patriotic War - the Order of Suvorov.

Here, one of the most interesting documents is a copy of the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR “On appropriation of General of the Army Zhukov GK of the military rank of Marshal of the Soviet Union from January 18 1943. It is interesting to note that Georgy Konstantinovich was the first military leader to be awarded this rank during the years of the Great Patriotic War. The second will be A.M. Vasilevsky, the third - I.V. Stalin.

The memorial museum widely presents materials about other major battles in which G.K. Zhukov - the Battle of Kursk, the Battle of the Dnieper, Operation Bagration, the Vistula-Oder operation and the Battle of Berlin.

The exposition includes the banner of the 756 Infantry Regiment of the 150 Infantry Rifle Order of the Kutuzov II class of the Idritskaya division, which was part of the troops of the 1 Belorussian Front. The names of the fighters of this regiment are known to the whole world — it was they who hoisted the glorious Victory Banner over the Reichstag.

For the successful conduct of these operations, for his great leadership skills and personal courage, Georgy Konstantinovich was awarded the second order of Suvorov, two orders of “Victory”, the second “Golden Star” of the Hero of the Soviet Union.

Among the large number of documents presented in the exposition, encryption, directives, letters, map schemes, there are many photographs of Georgy Konstantinovich, on which one can see the commander at different moments of that harsh time. But of particular interest are the Marshal's personal items on display: watches that Zhukov wore during the war (they are still in working condition), travel set items, a homemade knife presented to the beloved Marshal by the soldiers of the 2 of the Ukrainian Front.

The central part of the thematic complex of the memorial cabinet is dedicated to the Victory in the Great Patriotic War. Against the background of the defeated banners and standards of the fascist army, the standard of the 1 of the Belorussian Front, carried over the Red Square at the Victory Parade of 24 May 1945, looks majestically and victorious. In one of the photographs of the exposition Marshal of the Soviet Union GK. Zhukov takes this historical parade.

Documents on the surrender of fascist Germany are also presented here. The photograph is unusually expressive, in which George Konstantinovich was captured at the time of signing the act of the unconditional surrender of Germany on behalf of the Soviet Union 9 in May 1945. The picture leaves no one indifferent. Of interest are numerous other photographs of the period.

Disgraced years did not break the outstanding commander

Further, the exposition tells about the life and activities of the military leader in the postwar period, about all the vicissitudes prepared for him by fate.

The materials of that time are opened with interesting documents, among them - a congratulatory letter from the Chairman of the Council of People’s Commissars of the Ukrainian SSR, N.S. Khrushchev, dated 31 May 1945 g.: “Dear George Konstantinovich! On the joyful, unforgettable days of the nationwide Solemnity of Victory over Nazi Germany, the Council of People's Commissars of the Ukrainian SSR, on behalf of the Ukrainian people, sends you, the Stalinist commander, who highly praised the victorious Soviet weapon, warm congratulations. The historical victories of the Red Army near Moscow, Leningrad, and Stalingrad are connected with your name. Under your command, Soviet troops carried battle banners through the lands of Soviet Ukraine, liberated the glorious capital of the fraternal Polish people Warsaw, broke into a fascist den and hoisted the Victory Banner over Berlin. The Ukrainian people will forever preserve the memory of their liberators ... ”. Later, in 1957, cracking down on GK Zhukov, Khrushchev, apparently, will forget about the great accomplishments of the commander.

6 June 1945, as follows from the submitted letter of the First Deputy Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR N.M. Shvernik for number 056, Marshal GK Zhukov was awarded the third "Golden Star" of the Hero of the Soviet Union. At the same time, Georgy Konstantinovich was appointed Commander-in-Chief of the group of Soviet troops in Germany and the Commander-in-Chief of the Soviet administration in the Soviet occupation zone of Germany. Among the documents are a copy of the order № 1 G.К. Zhukova “On the organization of the Military Administration for the management of the Soviet zone of occupation in Germany” from 8 June 1945, a series of photographs where Georgy Konstantinovich was captured with the commanders-in-chief of the allied forces of the countries of the anti-Hitler coalition. With the Commander-in-Chief of the occupying forces of the United States, Army General D. Eisenhower GK Zhukov was linked by mutual sympathy and friendship. Among the personal belongings of Georgy Konstantinovich - lighter and folder-bag, presented to him by Eisenhower.

Further materials of the exposition tell about new difficult trials that fell on George Konstantinovich.

As a result of the slanderous slander of the celebrated commander, Marshal of Victory, he was accused of organizing a conspiracy with the aim of a military coup in the country and of appropriating all the merits in the victory over fascism. At a meeting of the Supreme Military Council in March 1946, Georgy Konstantinovich’s behavior was recognized as “harmful and incompatible with his position”.

Disgraced years did not break the outstanding commander. Despite the fact that the positions he occupied did not correspond to his military level, he, as usual, continued to responsibly perform his official duties.

In one of the photographs dated 1947, Marshal of the Soviet Union G.K. Zhukov - commander of the troops of the Odessa Military District at the military exercises. In a later photo, 1949, Georgy Konstantinovich, already commander of the troops of the Ural Military District, - at the May Day demonstration in Sverdlovsk.

The exposition materials provide an opportunity to form your opinion about G.K. Zhukov, not only as a commander and commander, but simply as a man. Another interesting exhibit as a stroke to the portrait of Georgy Konstantinovich was his leaflet with notes and lyrics of the song “Among the dense forests”, one of his favorites. G.K. Zhukov was an unusually bright Russian kind. He loved everything Russian - people, nature, literature, painting, music. He especially loved Russian songs, loved to listen to them and often sang them himself. After the defeat of the Germans near Moscow, a delegation from Tula arrived at Perkhushkovo. Tulyaki presented Georgiy Konstantinovich a button accordion with the wish to find a new frontline friend in it, with whom he could pass the rare moments of rest. During the year, studying at intervals, G.K. Zhukov learned to play a little button accordion, picking up favorite songs by ear. Later, at the end of the war, he himself would give his daughter Ere an accordion, wanting her to learn the game too. One of the photographs presented in the exposition is very touching: Georgy Konstantinovich and his daughters Era and Ella during a family concert - and the girls are barely visible because of the instruments ... Another of HK's hobbies Zhukov - hunting. In the presented pictures you can see him with hunting trophies. Later, when Georgy Konstantinovich’s health deteriorates, he will engage in a “quiet hunt” - fishing, happily making and giving away spinners, one of which is in the museum’s exposition.

Minister of Defense of the USSR

The post of commander of the Urals Military District Zhukov held until February 1953, when he was again summoned to Moscow and in March appointed first deputy minister of defense. Two years later, in February 1955, Mr. Zhukov became Minister of Defense of the USSR.

At the XX Congress of the CPSU in February 1956, the city of Zhukov was elected a member of the Central Committee (CC). In December, 1956 for outstanding services to the Soviet people and in connection with the 60 anniversary of the birth of George Konstantinovich was awarded the Order of Lenin and the fourth Gold Star medal of the Hero of the Soviet Union. In the following, 1957 of Mr. Zhukov is introduced into the Presidium of the Central Committee of the CPSU.

Zhukov’s coming to a leading position in the USSR Ministry of Defense coincided with the beginning of a new stage in the development of the Armed Forces — the introduction of nuclear missiles into the troops. Back in August 1945, immediately after the war, with the direct participation of Zhukov, the Nordhausen institute of reactive technology was established in Germany, and almost through 10 years, in September, 1954 at the Totsky range in the Orenburg region under the guidance of Marshal atomic bomb explosion. In the future, Zhukov paid much attention to nuclear weapons, his role in rearming the army on the basis of new technology.

Among the materials of the exposition covering this period of the activity of a military leader are photographs by G.K. Zhukov during the exercise, a copy of his pass to the Totsky training ground.

G.K. Zhukov was aware that with the development of scientific and technological progress a new stage had come in the development of the Armed Forces. It was during this period that rocket formations were formed, which became the basis of a new type of Armed Forces - Strategic Missile Forces, the world-famous now test sites of Tyur-Tam (now Baikonur), Kapustin Yar, Mirny were created, which allowed our country to pave the way into space as a type of Armed Forces Forces formed the Air Defense Forces of the country, the technology of the Ground Forces developed rapidly aviation and the fleet became rocket-bearing.

As Marshal of the Soviet Union G.K. Zhukov often visited foreign business trips. The celebrated commander was greeted everywhere cordially, in a sign of deep respect they presented various gifts. Some of them can be seen in the number of exhibits. There are simply unique things, for example, an infantry rifle and a pistol capsule - a weapon with which the people of Burma fought for the freedom and independence of their country against the British colonialists in 1886. Many of the gifts received, which are of historical and artistic value, were conveyed to Georgi Konstantinovich various museums. Among the documents - letters of thanks from the director of the State Museum of Fine Arts named after A.S. Pushkin, People's Artist of the USSR, Academician S.D. Merkurov and the director of the State Historical Museum A.S. Karpovoy.

Difficult fate of “Memories and reflections”

The October Plenum of the Central Committee of the CPSU 1957, in which the honored military leader and patriot of the Fatherland was removed from the Presidium of the Central Committee and the Central Committee of the CPSU and dismissed, was dismissed as a bitter page in the life and work of Georgy Konstantinovich. In February 1958 was dismissed.

From the submitted copy of the “Information Message from the Plenum of the Central Committee of the CPSU from October 29 1957”: “... t. Zhukov ... lost his party modesty, ... imagined that he was the only hero of all the victories achieved by our people and its Armed Forces ... He turned out to be a politically inconsistent figure, prone to adventurism ... ".

The initiator of the speech against G.K. Zhukov N.S. Khrushchev.

Also, by decision of the Plenum of the Central Committee of the CPSU, Marshal Zhukov was relieved of his post as Minister of Defense of the USSR. In the media, vilification of the identity of G.K. Zhukov, he was removed from party registration at the Ministry of Defense, and was dismissed. Despite his repeated appeals to the country's leadership for the provision of work, remained out of work.

From the documents presented to the visitors of the exposition, it is clear that after an unfair reprisal, Georgi Konstantinovich did not become hardened. And although the health of Marshal greatly deteriorated, his vitality, strong will, love for his people and unchanging faith in him helped him to withstand this time too. Continuing to fulfill his duty as a patriot to the Fatherland, Georgy Konstantinovich decides to write a book of memoirs.

A variety of exhibits beautifully illustrate this period of G.K. Zhukov. Here are the pages of his manuscript, showing how carefully he worked on the text, how he edited it, clarified and supplemented many of the plots of his memoirs. Exhibits are also photographs of Georgy Konstantinovich during the work on the book, materials of his correspondence with one of the editors of the book A.D. Mirkina.

The fate of the book "Memories and reflections" G.K. Zhukov, too, was not easy. The memoirs of the commander of the Great Patriotic War were carefully edited and cropped. Only in 1969, after long ordeals, was the book published. “For years I have been working on the book“ Memories and Reflections. ” I wanted to select from the vast life material, from the multitude of events and meetings, the most essential and important, which could reveal the greatness of the deeds and accomplishments of our people in dignity, ”writes Georgi Konstantinovich in the preface to his book.

Breathes of warmth from the photographs presented to the attention of visitors, where you can see Zhukov with their loved ones and friends. In the difficult years for Georgy Konstantinovich, during his hard work on the book, his front-line friends, the second wife Galina Aleksandrovna and daughter Masha gave him great support. Do not forget your famous countryman and kaluga.

In one of the showcases are placed books, both domestic publishers and numerous foreign, indicating the popularity of the memoirs of the famous Marshal, world interest in an outstanding commander, recognition of his services to humanity. Until the end of his life, Georgy worked on a book. After the publication of the first edition, he worked on the preparation of the second, revised and amended. However, he did not see him anymore.

The great commander died 18 on June 1974. His ashes are buried in the Kremlin wall on Red Square.

Having retired, G.K. Zhukov forever remained in the memory of the people.

Among the materials presented are documents on the perpetuation of the memory of the legendary commander: a copy of the Decree of the President of Russia No. 930 of 9 in May 1994 on the establishment of the Order of Zhukov and the Zhukov Medal and Honorary Certificate of Assignment of the Small Planet 2132 ZhUKOV to the small planet.

Excursion in the office of the famous warlord

The emotional climax of the exposition is the office of a military leader. The architecture and the scale of the room produce an indelible impression on the incoming, and the recreated atmosphere of that time creates the feeling that the USSR Minister of Defense, Marshal Zhukov, looking up from endless business, just went out for a minute ...

A strict, laconic interior is decorated only by the busts of Russian generals A.V. Suvorov and M.I. Kutuzov and two artistic paintings. In the center there is a dvukhtumbovy carved table, at which the marshal worked, next to a hub with telephone sets ... On the left from the entrance to the office is a meeting table, on the right is a massive four-folding bookcase. All the furniture here is made in the same style 40-50-s of the last century. And only part of the exhibition, located in the office, reminds that there is still a museum.

Among the exhibits is the daily jacket of the commander, a personal Honorary weapon - a piece with a golden image of the State Emblem of the Soviet Union. The inscriptions on the lining of the scabbards are inscribed on the left side of the "Marshal of the Soviet Union Zhukov GK", on the right side - "For services to the Armed Forces of the USSR from the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR". This weapon Zhukov was awarded 22 February 1968 in honor of the 50 anniversary of the Armed Forces of the USSR.

Here are also presented the Soviet awards, which marked the merits of G.K. Zhukov. Among them are the 6 Orders of Lenin, the 3 Order of the Red Banner, the 2 Order of Suvorov (imitations), the 2 Order "Victory" (imitations), the Order of the October Revolution and the 15 medals.

It should be noted that Georgy Konstantinovich was the first 1 degree awarded to the Order of Suvorov, as well as the Victory Order. The first he was awarded the second Order of "Victory". Twice awarded this award - I.V. Stalin and A.M. Vasilevsky.

The exhibition presents gifts, congratulatory addresses, presented to the Minister of Defense Marshal GK Zhukov heads of several states and military departments. Particular attention is drawn to the "winged sword". The blade is decorated with a notched ornament and inscriptions in Burmese, the wooden sheath is bound with silver and decorated with ornament and embossing. The inscription, made on the handle, says that the sword was presented to Georgy Konstantinovich on behalf of the personnel of the troops of the Northern Military District of Burma 12 February 1957.

Among the personal belongings and documents of the military leader on display is a unique, in its own way, eloquent exhibit - GK’s party ticket. Zhukov.

When Marshal Zhukov was removed from the register at the Ministry of Defense, he registered with the party organization of one of the enterprises in Moscow, remaining a communist until the end of his days, which characterizes him as a man of firm conviction, dedicated to his work. Georgy Konstantinovich joined the Bolshevik Party in March 1 of 1919 and remained a communist until the end of his days. Later he will write: “Much has already been forgotten, but the day when I was accepted as a member of the party remained in my memory for the rest of my life. Since then, all my thoughts, aspirations, actions I tried to subordinate to the duties of a party member, and when it came to fighting with the enemies of the Motherland, I, as a Communist, remembered the demand of our party to be an example of selfless service to my people. ”

Ends inspection of the Memorial Museum in the rest room. The situation is also laconic and restrained, as in the study. The decoration is placed here art paintings on the theme of hunting and Russian nature, so beloved by George Konstantinovich, and the magnificent architecture of the room.

Opened on the eve of the 100 anniversary of the birth of GK Zhukov, Memorial Museum-room was created in accordance with the Directive of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation No. 172 / 2470 of December 12 1995, and opened its doors on November 22 1996.

Representatives of a number of departments and departments of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation took an active part in organizing work on the creation and opening of a museum cabinet.

The scientific concept of the Memorial Cabinet Museum was developed by the Institute of Military History of the Ministry of Defense.

The opening of the museum was preceded by a great job of finding interior items to restore the look of the office of Marshal Zhukov, thanks to which the furniture was transferred to the museum, which was the interior of the cabinet of the USSR Minister of Defense.

The Telecommunications Directorate of the RF Armed Forces transferred to the museum telephone sets of the end of 1950's, and from the Telecommunications Museum - the hub of the USSR Minister of Defense, which Marshal Zhukov used.

The studio of military artists named after M. B. Grekov. She handed over two works by sculptor V.A. Sonina: bust of Marshal GK Zhukov and the commander's death mask.

To design the exposition, the historical and archival center of the General Staff provided a number of documents signed by G.К. Zhukov.

From the Main Personnel Directorate of the Ministry of Defense, orders and medals of the Soviet Union were awarded, with which Georgy Konstantinovich was awarded.

A huge role in the formation of the museum office belongs to the staff of the Central Museum of the Armed Forces.

Invaluable assistance in preparing the exposition of the museum cabinet was provided to the daughter of G.K. Zhukov, who donated the personal belongings of the commander, documents and photographs from home archives to the Memorial Museum. Great help and colleagues Marshal.

Over the past years, much has been done to further develop the museum exposition. New documents and materials have found their place in it, interior items have appeared, complementing the look of the study and recreation rooms of the USSR Minister of Defense.

As in any museum, in the Memorial Museum-office of Marshal of the Soviet Union GK Zhukov conducted scientific work. The implementation of this activity is carried out in various directions. It is the search and study of documentary sources, the collection of new materials to supplement the exposition, the analysis of published literature, the recording of memories of people who worked and communicated with Georgy Konstantinovich at various times. In the museum’s music library, the performances of G.K. Zhukov, the stories of witnesses of his era, containing interesting material about the life and military activities of Marshal Zhukov.

One of the expressive means of presenting information in a museum-office is the demonstration of documentaries about G.K. Zhukov. Chronicles and documentary videos help to get a better idea of ​​this outstanding personality.

With great emotional excitement ...

An interest in the life and activities of a military leader is indicated by the inexhaustible flow of visitors to the Memorial Museum Cabinet. Over the years, the museum was visited by tens of thousands of people of various categories of the population of the Russian Federation and foreign countries.

The entries made in the “Book of Reviews” testify to the warmest feelings of people for the great commander, love, respect, admiration, gratitude for all that he did for the Fatherland:

“We, veterans of the Great Patriotic War, including those who participated in the battles near Moscow and on the 1 of the Belorussian Front, received a tremendous impression from visiting the museum-room of the great commander of our era GK Zhukov. We bow our heads low before his great feats and wish the museum staff to continue to carry the truth into the hearts of our grateful compatriots.

Veterans of the Council of the Central Administrative District of Moscow. ”

“Not only with great interest, but also with great emotional excitement, we, the blockade, examined the museum-office of Marshal of the Soviet Union GK Zhukov. The people of Leningrad all their lives retain in their minds their deepest gratitude to the great commander Georgy Zhukov for ridding our hometown of the danger of a fascist invasion, for all its selfless, heroic contribution to achieving the Victory of the Soviet people in the Great Patriotic War. ”

“We, the heirs of the glorious military traditions of the Russian army, are grateful to the museum staff for the opportunity to come in contact with the sacred relics of the great Russian commander G.K. Zhukov.

Suvorov Moscow Suvorov Military School 1-th platoon 4-th company.

“Visiting the G.K. Zhukov, shocked by the patriotism of this Great Commander, who devoted his entire adult life to his Fatherland. The memory of G.K. Zhukov will live forever not only in Russia and among the Russian people. This sacred memory also lives in the hearts of all those peoples who remember with gratitude their salvation from fascism, genocide and extermination. May the holy memory of this Great Man live forever. Big thanks to the museum staff who collected and preserved the existing exhibits.

Sincerely yours, 1-th Deputy. Prime Minister of the Republic of Azerbaijan ".

“We are very grateful for the fact that you showed us such a significant, magnificent exhibition. Marshal Zhukov was and is for us one of the most key military commanders in the history of the world. Thank you very much.

British Military Attache.

“But it could have happened that I would never have been here in the office of GK Zhukov, and would not see what is there! How nice that the memory of the great Russian man is saved! And only here you really understand that never the name of G.K. Zhukov will not fade and will not be put aside along with the names of A. Nevsky, D. Donskoy, A. Suvorov, M. Kutuzov, etc. So I want to exclaim again and again: glory and glory to them and Russia!

Valentine Rasputin.

This is only a small part of all the numerous responses that are left in the "Book of reviews." Their geography is very large. In addition to thanks, they note the importance of the Memorial Museum in preserving the memory of the great commander and the patriotic education of the younger generation, the soldiers of the Russian army, in restoring the historical truth about the events of World War II and the role played by four Marshal of the Soviet Union George Konstantinovich Zhukov.
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    SAMEDOV SULEYMAN 3 December 2011 11: 31
    The article reflects only the positive aspects of the commander. Beginning with the operation on Khalkhin-Khol, his features as a butcher appeared, and then more. But the commander with the same name judges me not to face, so I will say only one thing to my liking Rokossvsky. If we take the concepts of honor of a Russian officer, then it fits all 100.
    1. Sibiryak
      Sibiryak 3 December 2011 12: 26
      Ideal people do not exist at all, those that would be ours and yours!
      Secondly, you already judge this person by calling him a butcher, and by his name and concepts, not bothering about him absolutely nichrome!
      Thirdly, an opinion about a person is formed according to the results of his activity, and not to interpersonal relations, but the results are obvious!
      Hence the conclusion - do not judge and will not be judged!
      Zhukov and Rokossovsky are just two different people, or two different personally, who went to the same goal in different ways !!!
        SAMEDOV SULEYMAN 3 December 2011 14: 37
        If I did not know about and did not read, then I would not write my subjective opinion. So that you do not know nichrome. Read the literature and preferably not propaganda.
        1. J_silver
          J_silver 3 December 2011 16: 16
          You know about chicken tit and fish horns!
          In order to correctly judge someone, you must at least be familiar with this person personally - you never know who writes what ...
          So it’s not for us to judge Zhukov ...
        2. подводник
          подводник 5 December 2011 14: 21
          And the Pindos!
    2. fantast
      3 December 2011 13: 25
      Winners are not judged!
    3. prunx
      prunx 3 December 2011 17: 34
      Comrad, I support one hundred percent. But Zhukov’s pompous cock, and certainly he can’t be called a great Russian commander, Rzhev alone was worth it!
      1. J_silver
        J_silver 3 December 2011 20: 39
        Your valets served in khivi, unfinished ...
      2. подводник
        подводник 5 December 2011 14: 23
        Pindos Amerovsky comrade to you, mare you unfinished!
        About Rzhev-YOU was there to talk IT?
      3. Nick
        Nick 5 December 2011 23: 32
        To judge the professionalism of a person, one must be a professional himself. What did you command, prunx?
    4. Dad
      Dad 3 December 2011 21: 44
      Yes, you cannot judge such a value. And you drew conclusions from the information from the books of articles, programs, and you feel the newly-minted "historians". And about the butcher is overly incorrect. But this is already from the field of intelligence.
      1. prunx
        prunx 4 December 2011 10: 54
        Are you under the influence of what "historians" do you draw conclusions, historians of the bloody traitor Khrushchev, who at the XX Congress threw mud at Stalin?
        1. подводник
          подводник 5 December 2011 14: 26
          I draw my conclusions on the basis of the stories about this GREAT man made by his soldiers, those who fought under his command!
    5. nnz226
      nnz226 4 December 2011 23: 14
      About the "butcher" this is just from the "crap" criticism. They cite as an example that the Western Front in 1941 under the leadership of Zhukov suffered significantly more losses than the Kalinin Front under the leadership of Konev, but they forget that the Western Front was almost 5 times larger in number than the Kalinin Front. And if you count in%, then the losses of the Western Front are almost 2 times less than the Kalinin Front. Zhukov was a harsh person, but when the question is about the surrender of Leningrad, here you will write the most cruel orders. But of all, Zhukov was tougher not to the soldiers, but to the generals and officers, and he punished them precisely for the large losses in personnel. There are a lot of such orders for the preservation of soldiers, written by him. War is a bloody affair, especially when you lead the most tense sectors of the front (not somewhere in Karelia). And Zhukov's merits were best appreciated in the West, when in 1975, on the eve of Victory Day, across the Champs Elysees, a banner with a portrait of Zhukov and the inscription: "The man who won World War II" was stretched. And the details, so as not to consider Marshal a "butcher" in the book Isaev dedicated to him.
  2. Artemka
    Artemka 3 December 2011 11: 40
    What is there to say to the commander of the Great Victory !!!
  3. mitrich
    mitrich 3 December 2011 21: 53
    Yes, and do not judge Zhukov. Positive - negative. The most serious war in the XNUMXth century was World War II, and the most prominent commander in that war was G.K. Zhukov. Accordingly, he is also the first among equals in the last century. Everything else is particular.
  4. wk
    wk 4 December 2011 02: 09
    The winners are not judged, but in the memoirs of WWII veterans, Zhukov is Rzhev and Ziyalovskie heights, although the officialdom is credited with the plan of the battle at Stalingrad, which bears little resemblance to the truth, and even opponents admit Rokosovsky's merits in the Defeat of the Army "center" in Belarus. It's a pity he was unlucky with his surname (given the attitude of those times with Pilsudski's Polish Poland), one of the reasons for the appointment of Marshal of the Victory G. Zhukov to the leadership of the storming of Berlin. The Battle of Moscow and the defense of Leningrad are real achievements of the Victory Marshal.
  5. L. konstantin
    L. konstantin 4 December 2011 03: 46
    there were great people! and everyone has flaws!
  6. Capture
    Capture 4 December 2011 14: 29
    The personality is complex, ambiguous. I think that he is the best commander of the 20th century.
  7. Obie
    Obie 4 December 2011 16: 02
    It depends on whom to compare - if with Chernyakhovsky, then I'm afraid Zhukov can hardly be called a great commander (although he clearly knew how to "lead" regiments)).
  8. Gur
    Gur 5 December 2011 08: 57
    .I repeat the post for the weak on the head and self-overestimating their "greatness" of the poor .. ".. Shut your mouth, who are you to discuss the affairs of such people. What can you do with the suprativ of Zhukov's affairs? What great did you do .. so that you can easily judge such a MAN. He then at least gathered pieces of the army into a fist, forced to fight and won .. yes, not one, but the people fought. But in Russia until you bend everyone with cancer, there will be no movement. And miscalculations, casualties happen in war .. not only we have brains .. the enemy is also not a fool and played his game. And there were a lot of sycophants and everyones and at that time there were many and now .. and such people with their zeal, did a disservice not only to Zhukov .. but also the country suffered from them.
    So people like Zhukov do not have the same scales that would take care of every soldier .. Not mediocre commanders should think about this .. And he and people like him create an operational situation and set tasks that, according to their plan, should be solved, but how they will be solved, these are the problems of the lower command staff. Do you want to die, do not want to die .. think but complete the task. I read it just now .. WWII left a platoon to cover the retreat. They have to use grenades to stop the tanks, somewhere in the Donbass .. and so the commander .. dumped .. covered 2 km of road with slag .. and the star came to the tanks .. and completed the task and saved the people. So don't bother. "
  9. kagorta
    kagorta 5 December 2011 09: 23
    The Seelow Heights, this is not Zhukov’s decision, but a bet decision. Politics determined, not military art, how to take Berlin.
  10. storm12
    storm12 5 December 2011 19: 39
    The real Russian commander! In difficult years for the Homeland, such People manifest themselves especially strongly. Thanks to them and the Russian Soldier we are in this world! And the main thing for us to remember!
  11. bistrov.
    bistrov. 5 January 2012 00: 32
    Zhukov was not only the best commander of the 20th century, but also had enormous authority. No wonder Khrushchev and Brezhnev were afraid of him like fire. Do not forget what a difficult time he lived and worked!