Military Review

Legless Russian pilots destroyed healthy Germans

39
Legless Russian pilots destroyed healthy Germans

This year Maresiev - 100 years! It is surprising that only in the Volgograd region 2016 the year was declared the year of Maresyev, and not all over Russia. After all, the memory of the feat is nationwide, not regional. I repent, it is a shame to me that I learned about this significant, landmark event quite by accident. And how many people do not know anything about this at all, because, for some unknown reason, the name of Maresyev will be remembered all year in Volgograd only, well, in part, I think, echoes of these festivals will come to some federal media, some people quite accidentally, like me, they learn that in 2016, Maresiev would have turned 100 years.


On the first photo above: Zakhar Sorokin.

В stories Russian aviation examples of the unprecedented courage and heroism of pilots who lost their legs in battle but were able to return to duty thanks to their perseverance and loyalty to the cause, which became the meaning and core of their lives, are known. To this day, evidence of two pilots from the First World War is preserved: these are Alexander Prokofiev-Seversky and Yuri Gilscher. Their destinies were wonderfully intertwined: they became a legend during his lifetime.

Alexander was born into a family that was thoroughly impregnated with military service: his nobleman father, one of the first aircraft builders in Russia, dreamed of making his son a real man and sent him to study first in the naval cadet corps and then at the Sevastopol flight school. With many difficulties, Alexander becomes a military pilot and makes his combat missions, first on a two-seater FBA flying boat, and then as part of naval fighter aircraft on Newpore, bombing German positions during the First World War. It was the bomb that caused a serious injury: during the next flight to the FBA, unexpectedly, a spontaneous bomb explosion occurred. Its fragments seriously wounded the pilot in the leg and fatally injured the mechanic. At the hospital, Alexander demanded that doctors perform an amputation below the knee in order to be able to return to the ranks. Doctors at their own peril and risk did the operation and thus helped the brave pilot to get back into operation. Thanks to active training, he could perform many kilometers of marches and dance. And finally fly again. This opportunity gave him the king, who imposed a resolution on the report of the aviator, who asked to send him to the army. So, Alexander flew again. There were legends about his unique method of detecting the enemy (“I always see the German first”), enemy planes were afraid of him, avoiding meetings with Newport, which Alexander flew at, which turned 23 of the year at that time!

Once he was wounded in the arm, but after recovery he flew again. In one of the flights, he was forced to make an emergency landing and walked several tens of kilometers through deaf slums on his prosthesis, in order to later go to his own slums.

A revolutionary Bolshevik breakthrough, a civil war led to Alexander deciding to emigrate. Along the way of the train, the Red Army officers repeatedly checked his documents, and once nearly irreparable happened. At one station, they decided to shoot Alexander as a representative of the nobility. But he was recognized by one of the Red Army men, who defended the life of a pilot, telling him that he, a Red Army man, was once saved by the Prokofiev-Seversky plane, dropping enemy companies away from their trenches, which were already surrounded by few Russian companies exhausted by long attacks .

Everything ended well: fate allowed Alexander to get to America, to create there several newest models of airplanes, to become a leading military analyst, a big businessman, a writer. His life course, which began in Russia, ended in America: he became an outstanding military figure, whose opinion was heard by leading experts around the world.

And another example of perseverance and courage. Much has been written about Yuri Gilscher, but there are key points that I would like to draw attention to. He began his military service in the cavalry. Handsome, charming, very liked by women. But he liked aviation and everything connected with it. This love led him to the first Gatchina school of pilots, which he graduated from and became one of the leading pilots who were entrusted with the guard of the Tsar's residence. Yuri received his first wound somehow absurdly: just by pure accident when starting the engine to warm up the aircraft - the handle worked, and the pilot inadvertently entered the danger zone, did not manage to remove his hand in time and got the hardest arm fracture: two bones were broken. But the young body was able to defeat these wounds, however, like the other, the most complicated operations that Yuri had to endure after he returned to service and in one of the reconnaissance flights because of a failure of the aileron control system to fall into a tailspin on his plane. Pilots miraculously survived. Yuri had a broken head, and in place of his leg was a bloody mess of bones and tendons hanging from a skin patch. And again the hospital, operations, white coats. And again, Yuri becomes a Russian fighter aircraft in order to, having shot down a dozen enemy aircraft, to accomplish his last feat himself and remain in people's memory as a hero of the war in 22 of the year.

It is interesting that it is about this pilot that the story "On a Real Man" is discussed; it was his example that inspired Maresyev for a long journey of mental and physical rehabilitation. So Russian pilots of the First World War gave vitality to pilots of the Second World War.

Why the question arises today: so much is written about Maresyev, but others have been forgotten? No, do not forget. And to popularize at that time, crystal feats were needed, without captivity and without compromising evidence, which often happened in a war: human fates changed unpredictably under the influence of a whole list of factors, regardless of the person himself.



Levitsky, Mikhail Nikolaevich

Mikhail Levitsky received his well-deserved reward only four years after the end of the war. He was shot down and wounded in 1942 g. He received no awards, and only in 1949, the Kurgan city military registration and enlistment office addressed the award list, according to which he received the Order of the Patriotic War of the II degree.

But all this is a retelling of well-known facts, for completeness, it is necessary to examine official documents. The award list on Levitsky contains the following information: “Comrade Mikhail Nikolayevich Levitsky took direct part in the Great Patriotic War against the Nazi invaders on the Kalininsky front. As a pilot of the third separate air regiment of the Civil Air Fleet, having completed a combat mission to deliver ammunition of the 39 Army, surrounded by Beloye, it was hit by an anti-aircraft missile with its left leg on its way to its airfield. Seriously wounded was in the village Mishelevo BSSR. Being seriously wounded (left leg torn off) was captured and sent to a disabled camp in the city of Dorogobuch. Released by the Soviet Army 26 on July 1944 of the year. After treatment in the evacuation hospital "2788" passed the state test and was restored to the rank of "lieutenant".

Currently, Comrade Levitsky is a disabled 2 group. Works as a navigator 228-th squadron GFV, copes with the work well. The award material is submitted late, as Comrade Levitsky previously lived in Sverdlovsk and did not design the award material in a timely manner. As an active participant in the Great Patriotic War against the German fascist invaders and as a comrade Levitsky M.N., who was seriously wounded in defense of the Soviet homeland. worthy of presentation to the government award, Order of the Patriotic War, II degree ".

Leonid Belousov

In the Patriotic War, he participated from the first days in the post of commander of the aviation squadron on the Hanko Peninsula. Despite severe burns, the faces received in one of the sorties continued to lead his squadron into battle, making 25 successful sorties.

“In the 1942 year, due to burn complications, he developed gangrene and was sent to the rear for treatment, where he had both legs amputated. 426 spent the days Belousov in hospitals, and in 1944, he returned to service.

Subsequently, he will write a book (Military Literature, Memoirs. “I Must Fly!”): “The night passed without sleep. I was painfully thinking about the future. I imagined myself with a piece of wood instead of a leg, on crutches ... In the morning I remembered that on the Black Sea navy there is one pilot who flies without one leg. This means that you can fight without a leg. He felt better at heart. And I mentally answered my daughter’s letter to her: yes, dear, you’re right - you can’t break the Soviet soldiers with anything! Enemies will feel the power of my blows more than once.

The operation suffered well. Quickly went on the mend. And now, when the day of discharge from the hospital was already coming, an even more terrible misfortune struck me. On the left foot, just below the knee, a new ulcer appeared and quickly expanded. Every day she became more and more. Again, the conversation with Syzganov - about the most difficult. As they say in the war, the situation became extremely clear, and I agreed to the second operation, setting only one condition:

- Try to amputate the leg below the knee. I need, you see, it is absolutely necessary that at least one leg can bend.

The professor, of course, did not know, and, in my opinion, could not even imagine at that time why I insistently ask him to perform the operation so that after her leg could bend. And he answered:

- Do not worry, the leg after this operation will certainly bend at the knee.

The appointed hour came, and I, silent and silent, was again taken to the operating room. ”

And he was at this time only 32 year.

Of course, the medical commission did not even want to let him close to the front: there are no two legs, and one was taken away at the very groin, the other was also on the prosthesis, although it was taken away from the knees. But Belousov makes an extremely unusual act: in cold autumn he went to the balcony, threw it open, jumped onto the first snow and swam across the ice pond, and then returned to wet clothes, and the stunned doctors could only wish him to rise again, struck by his courage and desire to be in the sky.

According to award documents, Belousov “after a serious illness, without legs, arrived voluntarily from the rear and revealed a desire to begin combat work on an airplane. Due to his persistent desire to smash the hated enemy, Comrade Belousov overcomes his physical disability, flies to the Yak-1 and La-5, starting combat work. For a short period before demobilization, he managed to make ten sorties and conducted two air battles. His patriotic impulse to defeat the enemy inspired the entire flight structure of the division and caused a great upsurge among them, and only due to aggravated health conditions did Comrade Belousov have no opportunity to be in the ranks of combat pilots until the end of the war. ”

Being without legs, he shot down two enemy planes.

It is a pity that the official documents did not preserve the evidence that the hero’s face was burned, disfigured by wounds, and plastic surgery of that time could only make “patches” of skin. Such operations were done as follows: it was necessary to transplant a piece of skin and the missing “patch” was cut out of the body and Belousov was forced to keep this piece on his face for hours so that he could take root. Terrible ordeals had to endure this man. But he always relied on the support of his family and fellow soldiers. Many times before each operation he reread the letter of his teenage daughter, in which she asks her father to protect her health and smash the Germans. Later Belousov recalled how, when he heard light steps in his ward, he immediately realized that his wife had come to the hospital. She will not depart from him day or night. He valued this loyalty above all else, and to tears he described his inexpressible gratitude to him, in just a few lines, which he always felt for his wife. She became his reliable rear and the same warrior as he. True, she had to go through a lot more. After all, every day it was necessary to support her husband, who had returned from the front, to help him with word and deed. And so - every day. But he, Belousov, became for her that mighty lump, the defense that women always aspire to, at all times they will seek for themselves this male defense of a man-warrior, not broken by tests.

After the war, Belousov also joined the ranks, picking up a ruined country, and when he was a very old man, he always responded to requests for a speech. His speeches, according to eyewitnesses, made an indelible impression. He never talked about himself, he always talked about the exploits of his fellow pilots, covering the Leningrad road of life.

He spoke passionately, with enthusiasm, and at some point he could rip off his black glasses, which covered his half of his face. The effect was unexpected - some people fainted, so shocked by what they saw. And he lived with this for many years.



Zakhar Artyomovich Sorokin

In the spring of 1942, he was injured during the next air battle. “About 30 kilometers I passed from the place of an emergency landing, I froze both legs. For about a year, he was undergoing treatment, underwent an operation, as a result of which he lost both toes. Disease and disability did not break his desire in air battles to destroy the Germans. He is back in the ranks. Quickly mastered the Aero Cobra aircraft and in March 23 again shot down a German fighter Me-109ф. Disciplined, demanding commander, enjoys prestige among the personnel. "



Zakhar Artyomovich Sorokin is the author of 15 books, but did he write about the war and his fate? Yes, he wrote. Here is his excerpt from the book "Duel in a snowy desert": "I have been going for several hours. Trying not to lose direction, I climbed the hills, rested on the top and moved on, stumbled, fell, rose. “We must go, we must go! I’ll go to that boulder, hide from the wind and take a rest ... And now I’ll walk to that birch ... Snow drifts on the way to it. Well, somehow I'll get ... The pale polar sun has risen. It hung over the horizon. It seems that the sixth day of my journey has come.

I heard the distant sound of a siren. From the last forces began to climb the mound. Breaking and climbing again, climbed to the top.

... A lump came to his throat. I see: the coast, the dark strip of the Kola Bay, the haze of ships ...

Having calmed down a bit, I looked at a hut on the shore, and next to it a man. I went down from the hill, took out a pistol and, holding it in my hand, crawled ... Near the house I tried to get up. The man in a fur coat turned in my direction, threw up the automatic ...

- Stop! Who goes?

I tore off the scarf from my head and, through the fog covered my eyes, I saw a cap under the guard of the sentry. ”



Malikov Ilya Antonovich

And here is another amazing fate, scorched by early maturity and early becoming as a person, a real person. Like many adolescents, he sought to get up quickly on his own "legs", to become a support for his parents, who knew the need for the Ryazan region, in the small village of Itobnoye. To get primary and secondary education, Ilya had to walk a few kilometers to a neighboring village. So he graduated from seven classes and went to study at the trade school, which opened on the basis of the plant "Elektrostal" in the Moscow region. At that time, the sky attracted many people, but not many decided to connect their lives with it, and Ilya decided: in 1939, he finished the Noginsk flying club and went to serve in the army. Where, seeing the aspiration of a soldier to fly in the sky, they sent him to study at a military flight school located in Kirovabad.

In the data database “Feat of the People” you can find a presentation for the title of Hero of the Soviet Union, which was issued 5 February 1945 of the year. Therefore, the statistics of combat missions here is somewhat different than the final one: after all, the war has not yet ended and the pilots continued to perform combat missions.

Being on the fronts of World War II from July 1942, 57 made successful combat missions on Pe-2 aircraft. All combat sorties produced on the bombing of military facilities, strong points, airfields and enemy firing points.

The government awarded him the Order of the Red Banner in 30 for successfully executing 1942 combat missions. Encouraged by the Government award, accumulating his combat experience, perfecting his flight skills and ability to beat the enemy, Comrade Malikov, not sparing the forces, sometimes being in mortal danger, continues to smash the German invaders with even greater force. It flies in the clouds and in difficult meteorological conditions, leads the plane to a target with a maximum bomb load. In the operation of the material part and flight discipline is an example. In battle, behaves bravely and courageously. Competently maneuvers in the enemy's anti-aircraft fire. Thanks to the excellent grouping, it creates a powerful fire fist of the group. Performs combat missions aggressively with excellent and good results.

Within three days - 26, 27, 28 April 1942 - as part of his flight made three combat sorties in the area of ​​the Rzhevsky bridgehead to bombard heavily fortified enemy firing points. All tasks were completed, while destroyed: 33 vehicles with military cargo and 60-ti infantry of the enemy. This fact is confirmed by photographs.

April 31 bombarded enemy troops and artillery near the town of Rzhev in extremely difficult weather conditions. For the excellent performance of the combat mission received thanks to the commander of the Air Force of the Red Army.

At the beginning of June, 1942 of the year in the same area was bombed by an accumulation of enemy troops, as a result of which an ammunition depot was blown up (this is confirmed by photographs).

And 17 June bombed the railway station "Rzhev-Southern" as part of nine Soviet aircraft. The railway track was destroyed, a train with ammunition, several warehouses and station buildings were set on fire. For this departure was estimated by the commander of the third army.

The next day, 18 June, as part of nine planes, again bombed the same target, where an ammunition depot was blown up, destroyed to 35 cars, destroyed to 25 meters of railroad tracks.

29 June 1942 of the year. This day became a turning point in the military fate of Ilya Malikov. According to official documents, on this day he received another combat mission and flew to the enemy bombing in the Rzhev bridgehead area. On the combat course, Ilya had his right leg broken above the knee with a direct hit by an anti-aircraft projectile. But he kept the course until the navigator dropped bombs on the target. Overcoming the pain in his leg, Illya took the plane home, pulled it across the front line, landed with the landing gear retracted on its territory and immediately lost consciousness. Only exceptional self-control, unshakable will power of Ilya Malikov saved the life of the crew, and his plane was restored a few days later.

But at this time Malikov was taken to the hospital, where he was amputated with his right leg. After his recovery, with a prosthesis on his right foot, he returned to the regiment with the only request: to allow him again to work on the combat aircraft PE-2.

He lost his leg, but was able to return to the line and destroy the living and material strength of the enemy, having flown to Berlin on the PE-2 he had mastered, eventually making 86 combat sorties. He became the Hero of the Soviet Union.

But at first they couldn’t allow him to fly, but decided to test his forces on the PO-2 communications plane, carrying out special command assignments for the delivery of important reports, ammunition, food and medicine. Such flights he made about 100. But this could not calm Elijah’s soul: he wanted to fight. Flying on software-2, he repeatedly wrote reports to the command with a single request: to allow him to combat work on the PE-2. Finally, the last report received a go-ahead and, after conducting relevant training and inspections, he was allowed to combat work on the PE-2.

Its first flight took place on 6 on October 1943 of the year: the leading unit in the squadron bombarded the Gomel railway junction with a dive. Six cars, two cars, a passenger building, warehouses, a depot were destroyed. The pilots observed many fires in the city.

There was a lot of work in 1944 too. Departures followed one after the other. For example, June 24 led Malikov to bombard Tikhinichi. Destroyed: two cars, two machine-gun fire points, marked 10 direct hits in the trenches. The next day, 25 June in the group Malikov destroyed four dwelling houses in the village of Elders, there were direct hits to the plant and warehouse. The second departure on the same day as a part of a group of nine aircraft successfully bombed the point Velikiye Lyady: two guns and a servant of an artillery battery were destroyed.

A day later, on June 27, the leading link bombarded the eastern outskirts of the city of Bobruisk: one car was destroyed, five houses were destroyed.
17 January 1945, leading the nines from a horizontal flight from two rounds, bombarded a train at the зód railway station. Direct hits to railway echelons are noted. A day later, on January 19, single crews, with strong opposition from the enemy's anti-aircraft artillery, dived, from two visits, bombed the railway bridge on the Vistula River in the Plots area. Three breaks were noted at the entrance to the railway bridge, two direct hits into the bridge, one firing point was destroyed.

“A modest, disciplined pilot commander with exceptional willpower, fully committed to the cause of the Lenin-Stalin party — these are the characteristic features of this indefatigable patriot of his homeland, who will continue to be a thunderstorm for the German fascists.

For 86 successfully accomplished combat sorties, of which 22 dived, despite the prosthesis, for courage, bravery and heroism shown in the battles with the German fascist invaders, for the skill and ability to beat the enemy deserve the title Hero of the Soviet Union ", says the award sheet, signed by Hero of the Soviet Union Voronkov, commander of the 128-th Kalinin Bomber Aviation Regiment.

May. Maresyev

There is nothing in this world of chance. I am convinced of this every time. The head of the DOSAAF regional office in the Rostov region, Alexander Krasnikov, the Hero of Russia, during the opening of the month of military-patriotic work in the Rostov House of Pioneers, said that this year marks the 100 anniversary of the birth of Maresyev. May became a symbolic month for Maresyev: 20 May 1916, he was born, 9 May 1945, he celebrated the Victory, and 20 May 2001 he was gone.

For many people, he became a mother. And for me, too, because, like thousands of my peers and all other people who read the book “The Story of a Real Man,” it was all forever bumped into the memory of the extraordinary strength of the human spirit. And it is very good that it was our Russian spirit.

I still can not understand where all these people came from sincere forces, why are they more resilient than we?

It is a pity that today, as a matter of fact, the memory of Maresiev does not become comprehensive. Only 20 May, one day will be held events throughout Russia, and all year only the Volgograd region decided to honor his memory with the help of various events. Are we betraying him a second time? He did not like to remember how, after being shot down, he had to walk for many days and nights, and then crawl to his people. And when, at last, he heard the Russian language - he was asked: “Are you a German?” - he could not respond to weakness. And the people, it was also the Soviet people, were afraid to even come closer to him. They were an adult father and his young son. And only two boys got to him and dragged him to the village, Alexey was able, finally, to take a breath and fell into oblivion. True, this episode was not included in the book of Field, it became known only after a thorough investigation. The route of movement of the wounded pilot is still unknown. Not found his plane.
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  1. Reptiloid
    Reptiloid 26 January 2016 06: 40 New
    23
    Many thanks for writing this article.
    Such feats! Such people! Soviet people!
    1. captain
      captain 26 January 2016 08: 48 New
      16
      Dear Reptiloid, but Alexander Prokofiev-Seversky and Yuri Gilscher were not Soviet people, they were pilots of the Russian army and the author in this remarkable article described the exploits of pilots of all periods of our history. The author just points to the continuity of the exploit of Maresiev. The history of our aviation and the exploits of our pilots did not begin in 1917. Our aviation has a long and glorious history, which Nesterov’s loop is worth.
    2. Pig
      Pig 26 January 2016 11: 32 New
      +4
      Rudel also flew without a leg ... that's the way it is
      1. Alexey RA
        Alexey RA 26 January 2016 13: 15 New
        +4
        Hmm ... by the way it’s better not to recall Vrudel, but Douglas Bader.

        Sir Douglas Robert Stuart Bader. Fighter pilot. In 1931, he crashed while performing a roll at a low height, and lost both legs (first, the left leg was taken away above the knee, and a few days later - the right one, below the knee). In 1933 he was dismissed from the Air Force. In 1937 he was reinstated in the Air Force in a ground position. In 1939, by hook or by crook, he was transferred to the flight crew and rose to the rank of commander of the "Big Wing" or "Bader Wing" during the Battle of England. Moreover, Bader was a flying commander. Shot down on 09.08.1941/1945/XNUMX and taken prisoner. Released in the spring of XNUMX.
        A true officer is straightforward and uncompromising in his actions and judgments, as a result of which he had both a lot of ill-wishers and good friends. A terrible swearing man. A conservative to the bone, a staunch racist. During the collapse of Commonwealth, he spoke out extremely sharply against the immigration of the colored colonial public to the Islands - "these monkeys must be driven back onto their palms." He wrote the foreword to the first British edition of Rudel's "Pilot" Stuka. He was later accused of pro-Nazi sentiments for this, but publicly expressed himself in the sense that he was not accustomed to take his words back and did not intend to. Had a healthy soldier's sense of humor. Once Galland invited him on a visit and gathered another group of former Luftwaffe pilots. ”Bader, seeing this company, smiled broadly and, shaking hands with everyone, said something like the following:“ Oh ... your mother! I would never have thought that we, *** dey, did not shoot so much ... "
        (c) bigler.ru
        1. KVIRTU
          KVIRTU 26 January 2016 21: 15 New
          +1
          There is a film about him: Reach for the Sky (Reach for the Sky)
    3. The comment was deleted.
    4. siberalt
      siberalt 26 January 2016 18: 54 New
      +1
      Great article! But, from the title, the conclusion suggests itself that all our enemies for the "legless Soviet pilots" in the Second World War were exclusively Germans. It seems that "to destroy the enemy" would be more correct.
  2. D-Master
    D-Master 26 January 2016 06: 45 New
    18
    Pauline thank you so much for the article. For an article about the Titans of the Spirit who overcame everything for the sake of victory. The story of a real person in childhood made an indelible impression on me. But I was touched in the article most of all by photographs of real award sheets. They are living evidence of that era allowing you to look through time and plunge into the atmosphere of those battles. Thanks for that.
  3. qwert
    qwert 26 January 2016 07: 14 New
    35
    "The Story of a Real Man" was excluded from the school curriculum. And Solzhenitsyn's "one day" was introduced. Something like this. These are the priorities of the state in the education of young people.
  4. hohryakov066
    hohryakov066 26 January 2016 07: 32 New
    10
    Such people! Real heroes! Their exploits served as an example for a large number of people in difficult situations! Stingy lines of award sheets make it possible to plunge into the atmosphere of that time. To the author + for the brilliantly submitted information.
  5. semirek
    semirek 26 January 2016 07: 40 New
    +9
    An excellent article! Many thanks to the author! Maresyev is a symbol of steadfastness of the Soviet (Russian) man. We must remember our heroes, known and unknown, who defended our homeland from enslavement by the brown plague!
  6. Reeds
    Reeds 26 January 2016 07: 48 New
    +8
    And how do you want?
    This is the whole essence of Russian
    1. Theline
      Theline 26 January 2016 20: 33 New
      +1
      Well here is more likely the upbringing, character and abilities of individuals. If it really could have been said that way about the whole nation, everyone was a hero.
  7. parusnik
    parusnik 26 January 2016 07: 51 New
    14
    Thank you, Polina, you were reminded of such people ..! A separate appeal to the Zvezda TV channel .. if you call yourself a military-patriotic channel, can you finally show the film "The Story of a Real Man"? Or did you cross it out of the grid as from the school curriculum ..? Type is not the format?
  8. Belousov
    Belousov 26 January 2016 07: 55 New
    +4
    A Russian person (not even by nationality, but by mentality) never gives up, he fights to the end. Can anyone imagine refugees from Napoleon? No, people took pitchforks and went to partisans. Is it possible to imagine refugees from Hitler? No, the people again fought to the last, did not spare the enemy, nor themselves. Eternal memory to the heroes!
    1. Moore
      Moore 26 January 2016 09: 04 New
      +8
      Quote: Belousov
      Can anyone imagine refugees from Napoleon? ... Can anyone imagine refugees from Hitler? No, the people again fought to the last, did not spare the enemy, nor themselves. Eternal memory to the heroes!

      Is it too bravura?
      There were always refugees. Both in 1812, and in 1941. This is normal when people do not want to live under the occupier.
    2. The comment was deleted.
    3. Theline
      Theline 26 January 2016 23: 19 New
      0
      Good. If, say, a Frenchman or an Englishman was captured by a German and does not give up, but tries to escape or attacks the guards, does he become Russian in your opinion? No, he remains a Frenchman / Englishman. As you say, a representative of any state can say.
      And in general, you take individuals from the multi-million population of the country and say that the entire population is the same. Do you think this is logical?
  9. runway
    runway 26 January 2016 08: 28 New
    +4
    People with a capital letter. They need to be remembered and the younger generation should be educated by their examples. Surprisingly, they lived next to us! I simply must once again express my gratitude to them. Alexey Petrovich Maresyev helped all the people who turned to him. So, he helped my grandfather - his former commander of the air division, when he was no longer taken to the hospital ....
  10. Egoza
    Egoza 26 January 2016 09: 25 New
    11
    It was A.P. Maresyev lit the Eternal Flame in Moscow. Do they remember this? Do they tell schoolchildren, sightseers about this ...? Although if nowadays they do not read "The Story of a Real Man", they are unlikely to remember who he is.
    1. Anatole Klim
      Anatole Klim 26 January 2016 15: 26 New
      +3
      Quote: Egoza
      It is A.P. Maresyev lit the Eternal Flame in Moscow.

      The eternal flame lit L.I. Brezhnev, taking the torch from A.P. Maresyeva. That was in 1967. And after the reconstruction of the memorial in 2010, D.A. Medvedev, who at that time was the President of Russia. Here is such a historical reference, which in no way begs the feat of heroes.
  11. Stiletto
    Stiletto 26 January 2016 09: 26 New
    +9
    Good material was written by the girl Polina. Just don't "la-la" in the spirit of "It's amazing that only in the Volgograd region 2016 was declared the year of Maresyev, and not all over Russia." In the Tver Region, preparations for the 100th anniversary of Maresyev, which we will celebrate in May, are already in full swing.
    Courage classes are held for high school students. The son of the legendary fighter pilot - Victor Maresyev personally awarded the guys for the best essays on the book by Boris Polevoy "The Tale of a Real Man."
    On January 23, the upcoming anniversary was dedicated to the open inter-regional personal-team championship in sports winter swimming in ice water (Bologoe), and January 24 was a charity concert in a neighboring area.
    The hundredth anniversary of the birth of Alexei Maresyev marks the 20 of May 2016 of the year, and then the celebrations will be at the level of the whole region. Now they are only going in those areas where he served in the 580th Fighter Aviation Regiment of the North-Western Front, which was based in the village of Gradobit of the Bologovsky District.
    1. efimovaPE
      26 January 2016 19: 27 New
      +4
      As far as I understand, in order to declare the "Year of Maresyev" or another hero, an appropriate resolution is needed. Only in Volgograd at the governor's level such a resolution was adopted. Yes, there will be episodes, but there will be no "Year of Maresyev" throughout Russia.
  12. bionik
    bionik 26 January 2016 09: 47 New
    +3
    When I got acquainted with this work ("The Story of a Real Man"), I read it in one breath.
  13. alstr
    alstr 26 January 2016 10: 04 New
    +6
    By the way, I read in one of the publications that in addition to Maresyev, about 50 more people with various serious injuries fought in the Air Force. Injuries from the absence of limbs (legs) to spinal fractures.
    Unfortunately, not all of them found rewards.
  14. tolancop
    tolancop 26 January 2016 10: 32 New
    +8
    Good material. Even very good. It would be published in the central media.

    After reading "A feat about a real man" by B. Polevoy, in childhood, the impression was formed that a legless pilot is a unique phenomenon. Over time, I happened to find out that Maresyev was not alone, there were others, both in our country and in other countries. It is understandable why foreigners were not mentioned, but the fact that the names of our pilots were actually consigned to oblivion is a considerable fault of the Soviet agitprop. But Maresyev deserves his fame !!! And the feat, in my deep conviction, he accomplished not one, but two: as an invalid, he returned to duty in his specialty, in which perfectly healthy people had hard times; having severe wounds, in winter, crawling, for more than 2 weeks got out to the people, and did not give up and did not disappear in the forest. The second feat somehow remained in the shadow of the first, but which one is higher, I will not undertake to judge.
    ".. Being seriously wounded (the left leg was torn off), he was captured and sent to a camp for the disabled in the city of Dorogobuch. Liberated by the Soviet Army on July 26, 1944. After being cured in the evacuation hospital" 2788 ", he passed the state check and was reinstated with the rank of" lieutenant ". .. "
    And this document should have been obtained from the archives, multiplied on something dense and heavy, and as soon as some liberal scum stumbled on the topic "... for Stalin, all prisoners of war were criminals ... after the war all of them rotted in the camps .. . etc." to beat these dense and heavy on their harias until "enlightenment in the mind" comes.
    1. Theline
      Theline 26 January 2016 23: 23 New
      +1
      You write about the released prisoners of war, and the liberals about those who escaped from captivity themselves, as a result of which they could be considered a threat in the form of spies, and these events took place. Of course, not everyone was shoved into jail. But liberals never say how you described it.
  15. Alex
    Alex 26 January 2016 11: 11 New
    +5
    After all, the memory of the feat is nationwide, and not regional. I repent, I am ashamed that I learned about this significant, landmark event quite by accident.
    In my childhood, "The Story of a Real Man" was included in the school curriculum. And now the "GULAG Archipelago" ...
    1. Cap.Morgan
      Cap.Morgan 26 January 2016 20: 28 New
      +2
      An archipelago is also needed.
      In Russia, the boom of patriotism and films is a lot, and series, and books ...
      Although my wife, as it turned out recently, who such Maresyev alas does not know.
      True, she studied in Ukraine. I had to fill in the gaps ...
  16. Maksus
    Maksus 26 January 2016 11: 14 New
    +4
    Maresyev is generally a SUPER man, only a true HERO can do this.

    But, as I do not like the "yellow headings". And Hans Rudel (German) and Douglas Bader (Englishman) also flew and were also disabled. But the German was not a hero, only if the Nazis were stoned.
    1. AAV
      AAV 26 January 2016 13: 22 New
      +3
      I agree with you. The article is necessary and wonderful, for which I would like to say thanks to the author, but the title is not chosen well. I wanted to write a comment about the headline myself, but you already did it.
  17. Alex
    Alex 26 January 2016 11: 21 New
    +2
    Much has been written about Yuri Gilscher, but there are key points that I would like to draw attention to.
    ... It is interesting that it is about this pilot that we are talking about in the story “About a Real Man”; it was his example that inspired Maresyev for a long journey of mental and physical rehabilitation.


    As far as I remember, the book deals with the pilot Karpovich (I don’t know if he is a real person or just a literary hero based on the prototype).
  18. indeveral
    indeveral 26 January 2016 12: 07 New
    15
    And for me, Maresyev was just an example of how to live. When in the army, stupidly, he was left without his left leg, almost on the most non-belts, oh, how I wanted to spit for the rest of my life, to hide in the far corner and so that no one would touch (or rather die). It was only one first night when I came to my senses and was informed, so to speak, about the current state. And then - to hell with you. I read the story of a real person at school, and asked me to bring this book. I reread it five times in a couple of days. The first task I set to sit on a motorcycle (my first love), as I leave the hospital. And nothing, I sat down, went (the problem is only with a stop, sometimes I fall in, I ride only in the fields). Living is of course more problematic, but if you set goals and go towards them, then everything is possible. Now both family and children and work, there is no time to be bored. Thanks to Polevoy for writing such a novel, and of course, thanks to people like Maresyev who, with their example, show the possibility and price of life. Indeed, it is precisely such works that need to be taught in schools, and not any dregs like archipelagos, which, apart from bitterness, give nothing.
  19. Hydrograph
    Hydrograph 26 January 2016 13: 11 New
    +4
    Golden people. Real heroes with a capital letter !!! Our problems look somehow small: the cost of a dollar, oil, fashionable cowards, a new iPhone. The husk.
  20. fomin
    fomin 26 January 2016 16: 31 New
    +2
    I would like to clarify on ZA Sorokin, not his toes, but his feet on both legs were amputated. The data that are given in the award list for the downed aircraft also do not coincide with the data from his book Sorokin Z.A. Duel in the snowy desert. - M .: "Malysh", 1977. in 1941 he had 6 shot down planes on his account "I tried to keep up with my new comrades. At first it was difficult. I had to learn a lot in order to feel as confident in flight here too like in the sky of the Crimea.
    One after another, six red stars appeared on the fuselage of my plane - according to the number of enemy vehicles shot down.
    And now - the first government award: the Order of the Red Banner. "
    1. efimovaPE
      26 January 2016 19: 37 New
      0
      Thank you for your attention. I also paid attention to this fact. But I used to work with official sources, so I brought the data from there. Why such a discrepancy is not clear.
  21. Arktidianets
    Arktidianets 26 January 2016 17: 20 New
    +2
    "Yes, there were people in our time, not like the present tribe .." Borodino, M.Yu. Lermontov, 1837
    And in their time there were heroes and in our time there are people worthy of their ancestors. Thank you for the article.
  22. Sotnik77s
    Sotnik77s 26 January 2016 17: 22 New
    +6
    Thanks to the administration of the site Military Review for helping me log in !!!!!! it is MANDATORY to dedicate this event here on the pages, to attend the celebration itself, which will be held in the Volgograd Region in Kamyshin, where Maresyev was born and raised, the event will be truly grandiose, I really want you to inform the whole world from the pages of your Military Review, this event is very important for us and our country, and I am sure it is read by millions of people around the world, I have some relation to those people who organize this event, I won’t here specify to the millionth audience exactly what if I need my help , I will be happy to help you, my mail: [email protected]
  23. thinker
    thinker 26 January 2016 19: 37 New
    +3
    The route of the wounded pilot’s movement is still unknown. Not found and his plane.

    I read the article "We found Maresyev's plane", probably, alas, made a mistake.
    During the survey of the first place of a possible crash of the Hero of the Soviet Union plane A.P. On the expedition of the Russian Military Historical Society, Maresyev, the search engines discovered and picked up fragments of the I-16 aircraft.

    http://www.istpravda.ru/news/14838/
  24. Kostya Andreev
    Kostya Andreev 26 January 2016 21: 40 New
    +4
    Quote: thinker
    The route of the wounded pilot’s movement is still unknown. Not found and his plane.

    I read the article "We found Maresyev's plane", probably, alas, made a mistake.
    During the survey of the first place of a possible crash of the Hero of the Soviet Union plane A.P. On the expedition of the Russian Military Historical Society, Maresyev, the search engines discovered and picked up fragments of the I-16 aircraft.

    http://www.istpravda.ru/news/14838/

    As far as I know, (maybe I'm mistaken) Maresyev was shot down on the Yak-1, and I-16 was introduced into the work to emphasize the tragedy.
    Sometimes I think why they will not make a remake of the film, the modern effects of air combat, the hero of the pilot, love, there’s no need to even invent a script.
    take it and take it off! (The film Pearl Harbor is resting).
    no our filmmakers, it is necessary to suck out the confrontation, Bondarchuk’s creation, scum, four days in May, and other crap out of the finger.
  25. aba
    aba 27 January 2016 04: 04 New
    +1
    To be honest, I am ashamed that from the entire list I know only Maresyev.