Many, many things that deny the feat of Panfilov written by historians and pseudo-historians after World War II. And in the State Archive of the Lipetsk Region I found excerpts from the front-line newspapers of that time. They contain stories about some Panfilovs. True, we are not talking about those warriors who fell in that terrible November battle. But these notes are strong touches to the general "portrait" of the division. And, reading the lines of seventy years ago, I believe in everything: in an unprecedented feat, in words about Moscow, and in "non-existent military tactics", which forces could stop tanks ...
Before reading - help-reminder of the division. It was formed in the summer of 1941 in Almaty from the citizens of the Kazakh and Kyrgyz SSR. On August 18, the division was deployed near Novgorod, and on October 5 near Moscow. I took the lane defensive on the Volokolamsk direction and October 15 entered into fierce battles - here was the unparalleled feat of twenty-eight heroes. On November 18, the division was transformed into the 8 Guards Rifle, and 23 was awarded the Panfilov honorary title. In January-April, 1942, the Panfilov members participated in the Demyansk operation. In March 1945, the division was encircled during the attack on the city of Saldus in Latvia. Only about three hundred people remained alive ...
And now - newspaper notes.
“Late in the evening, a broad-shouldered Kazakh warrior entered the dugout of the unit commander. Water ran down from a dark green cape. In his hands he held a rifle with an optical sight. It was Abil Nusunbayev - the head of the Panfilov’s sniper group, a brave warrior, a well-aimed gunman, the favorite of the unit. His name was already widely known outside the unit, it was very warmly told about him on the pages of Komsomolskaya Pravda.
He has just returned from an ambush.
- What are the successes, comrade senior sergeant? - asked the commander in response to the greeting of the sniper, holding out his hand.
- There is success. Naizabekov, Abdybekov, Madaminov and Shabekov again set the heat on the Fritz! Today they shot fourteen nazis. Well done boys!
- It's good! - said the commander, inviting the sniper to sit down.
Snipers, which told Nusunbayev, were his disciples. He instilled in them endurance, composure, the ability to wait, and then surely send a bullet. Under the guidance of his teacher, his wards comprehended accurate shooting techniques, became masters of their craft.
Abil Nusunbayev had a wealth of experience. He explained that a fighter should be able to disguise at any time of the year and day.
“You need to take cover like that,” he said, “to see everything ahead of you, and to be completely unnoticeable even in a few steps.”
I watch every step of my fighters. In the afternoon I go around ambushes. Together with the fighters, I often creep up to the Germans very closely, in practice I teach everything that is required. Accounting for the exterminated Nazis in our unit set exactly.
Now on account of Nusunbayev 62 personally destroyed the fascist to them. ” Newspaper “To the Battle for the Motherland!”, Summer 1942 of the year.
“Not sparing their own blood, nor life itself, in hard, hard fights, the Kazakh invaders of the German invaders smash, competing in courage and heroism with fighters of other nationalities. Heavy Kazakh hand, sharp his eyes, his bullet mark. So, Sergeant Abdybekov (mentioned in the last note, he is a student of Nusunbayev) killed 227 fascists.
Abdybekov wanted one thing: to exterminate the fascists as much as possible in the Novgorod region, near the town of Kholm, in the edge of the epic - here there were the first settlements of the Slavs! - where he, the famous sniper, was many months in a row. After destroying the 200 of the Nazis, Abdybekov said: “These bastards will no longer drink water from the Lovat River!” Lovat was dear to him, like the native rivers of Kazakhstan. Novgorod land was sweet to his heart, like a distant native sunny republic.
He hails from Buttermilk of the South Kazakhstan Region. Called to the army in July 1941 of the year. 14 May 1942, he was presented with a sniper rifle TV 291 b. From this rifle, he destroyed the Nazis 297. In one of the battles of 22 February 1944, Abdybekov died a brave death. At the grave of the deceased hero, his sniper rifle was presented to one of the best students of Abdybekov, guard, ordinary Amirali Osmanaliev, who destroyed the Nazis from his rifle 128 teacher.
In the 1944 year, on the day of the celebration of the three-year anniversary of the formation of the division, the command sent a delegation to Kazakhstan. Together with the delegation, an 291 TV rifle b and a combat passport were sent to it, which is now stored in the Central Republican Museum of the city of Almaty. ” The newspaper of the Kalininsky front "Forward to the enemy."
“It was near the Lovat River. Clenching his rifle tight in his hands, the young Red Army soldier Vasiliy Parkhomenko ran forward to assault enemy fortifications. At this time, an enemy mine exploded three meters from the fighter. Vasily felt a sharp pain in his right leg. He took a few more steps, but stumbled and fell ...
The fighter understood: his leg was killed, and he was also wounded in the chest. Call comrades for help? But he stopped himself: “You can’t take them away from the fight. The orderlies will come. ”
When the comrade of the wounded man stepped forward, a Hitlerite submachine gunner jumped out from behind the bushes, opened fire at the backs of our fighters. Overcoming pain, Parkhomenko gathered strength. He raised his rifle, aimed, and knocked down the enemy. Wounded Parkhomenko still felt in the ranks, trying to help the attackers.
Already in the hospital Vasya said: “I did not do enough. Only one fascist shot. " But anyone who fell to war, will say that Parkhomenko made a real feat. ” The newspaper "Soviet Guardsman", 1942 year.
“The name of the hero of the Soviet Union, Major General Panfilov, is pronounced with love and pride in all parts of our country. These Panfilov heroes in difficult days, when the enemy threatened Moscow, showed unparalleled resilience in battle, blocking the road to the Germans.
In the days of the Great Patriotic War, when the fate of the Motherland is being decided, fathers and children fight side by side, inspired by one desire - to destroy the enemy.
The daughter of Panfilov, who died the death of the brave, the Komsomol member Val, is worthy of her father-hero. She works at the front as a nurse. Without knowing, tired and fear, under the fire of the enemy, under brutal air bombardment, she does her job.
Somehow twenty German planes flew into the village where the medical center was located. Valya did not leave her post. The blast wave threw her into another room, wounded in the head. The wounded herself, she continued to assist the wounded soldiers.
Young nurse deserved universal respect. Steadfastly, she suffered the death of her father. She refused a vacation, a trip home: “I will stay at the front” ... ”The Komsomolskaya Pravda newspaper.
“... I will describe my meeting in the Kholmsky district with a young intelligence officer, a teenage hero who was only fourteen years old. Vanya Mikhalenko exterminated five fascists. Awarded the medal "For Courage".
Fate with Vanya is very tragic. In the fall of forty-one, fascists broke into the village of Maximovo, Kholmsky District, where Vanya lived. Looting and violence began. On the frosty day of January 1942, the fascists mounted machine guns on the outskirts of the village. Among those condemned to death were old men, women, children. Vanya stood next to three younger sisters, mother, grandmother. With tears in his eyes, he looked at the village set on fire by the fascists. “I also thought,” Vanya recalled, “where will we live?” What is this?"
Suddenly, there were machine-gun bursts. Shot by bullets, fell mother, grandmother, sisters. Vanya fell unconscious. This saved his life, late in the evening, when the moon rose, the boy woke up. He crawled out from under the numbed bodies. Gone to the forest. There he met with military intelligence officers, they helped the boy cross the front line. At his request, enlisted in the ranks of the Red Army. He fought with the Nazis - avenged the desecrated land.
In 1943, Ivan Mikhalenko was abandoned to the 4 guerrilla brigade, where he fights heroically in order to carry out a special mission by plane. ” The newspaper "In the battle for the Motherland!".
“Forever will remain in our memory of a tall Panfilov soldier Philip Demyanovich Kurinniy. About himself, he said this:
- There is a village of Otradnoe on the land of Kyrgyzstan, in the Tyup district. Before the war, in our village, everyone was engaged in peaceful labor: they grew bread, raised livestock, and I worked in animal husbandry, the collective farm was strong. The war began - our village sent six hundred of its sons to the front ...
During the days of the Great Patriotic War, the Red Army soldier Kurinn destroyed the guards near the 250 of the Nazis, destroyed five German tanks, one cannon, hit a German transport plane with a machine gun fire.
F.D. Kurinny died in battle on July 19 1944 of the year. He was buried in the village of Vidri, Ludvinsky District, in Latvia. ” "Komsomolskaya Pravda" from 19 August 1942 of the year.
“On the face of Anarbay Yerzhanov, a sly smile. He can't hide it. “Are you successful today?” They ask Yerzhanov. “You know, a little funny,” he replies. “It’s interesting to know how and where the German chief corporal will be looking for his squad?”
Cunning Yerzhanova reasonable. On this day, a sniper single-handedly destroyed nine soldiers - almost a whole detachment. Competing with other guardsmen snipers, Yerzhanov has 64 destroyed by a German on his combat score.
64 killed by a fascist - this is two months of great combat work. The German himself will not come to fly. He must be found, tracked down. Every morning, before leaving for ambush, snipers-guardsmen gather at their dugout. They have everything ready, everything is provided, checked. But the head of the sniper group, Senior Sergeant Nusunbayev, once again performs the final inspection and briefing.
In the process of "hunting" for the Germans, Nusunbayev, by means of hidden paths for the enemy, bypasses all ambushes of snipers, "accepts" the killed Fritz and records them at the expense of each of his students.
... Battleground. Here, in the terrible hours of the war, representatives of two peoples of Central Asia - Kyrgyzstan and Kazkhstan - Abdybekov and Madaminov met. Snipers are usually lined up in pairs. Today, Abdybekov and Madaminov successfully settled among the hummocks and track down the enemy.
The Germans used to be impudent. They often went full length at the front edge. And sometimes, drunk drunk, brazenly climbed forward. Now the Germans no longer walk, but crawl on the ground. They are afraid of the fire of our snipers. Fascist gangsters are not worthy of this vile way of life. They must be exterminated!
... Here is a German. Abdybekov aimed and fired. The German frantically waved his hands, something flashed in the air. This flew off the pot.
“Fritz will never need a pot again!” - said Abdybekov.
It was a 1123 fascist killed by him. ” The newspaper "Soviet Guard".