Military Review

Syrian T-62 together with the American "Abrams" opposed the Iraqi army

38
Syrian T-62 together with the American "Abrams" opposed the Iraqi army



A quarter of a century ago, Operation Desert Storm began, as a result of which the Iraqis were expelled from Kuwait. In the defeat of Saddam Hussein, a certain role was played by the Syrian army, which transferred to a hot spot Tanks T-62, BMP-1 and special forces units.

In 1990, the 9-I armored division arrived in Saudi Arabia, consisting of two tank and one mechanized brigade: a total of over 300 T-62. In addition, the 45 commando brigade was transferred there. In total, Syria fielded over 9 thousands of fighters against the "Iraqi aggressor". Of course, against the background of the more than seven hundred thousandth grouping in this region, the reinforced Syrian division was a drop in the ocean, but the Americans and Saudis were also happy with such help. The Syrians did not achieve anything outstanding in this war. The author remembers how shortly after the end of hostilities, military experts, speaking of the shortcomings of the Abrams tanks in the desert, mentioned the Syrian T-62, "which passed along the sand more than 1000 km without breakdowns, as a positive example."



Some of the current politically unreadable readers will exclaim: how is that? Why did Syria side with the US and the Saudis? In fact, this is not surprising. Events in the Arab world: a chain of conflicts, temporary alliances, betrayals and hypocrisy. Saddam Hussein and Hafez Asad pathologically hated each other. At international meetings, the leaders of these states smiled and shook hands, but in fact they did harm as they could.



Countries provoked internal instability, conspiracies, such as Iraq, supplied weapons Syrian fundamentalists, who, starting with 1979, committed terrorist attacks, the apotheosis of which was the bloody revolt of 1982 in the city of Hama. Syria, in turn, from the very beginning of the armed conflict between Iraq and Iran, took the side of the latter and, to the best of its ability, did everything to ensure that the Baghdad regime was defeated. In gratitude, Iran transferred to help the Syrians in Lebanon the fighters of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC).

Speaking of Lebanon, it was in this country 7 years before the events in Kuwait and Saudi Arabia that Syria openly encountered the United States. The fact is that the Americans, with their NATO allies in 1982, after Israel’s occupation of Beirut and the massacre in the Palestinian camps Sabra and Shatila decided to intervene in the conflict. This ended in October 23 1983, the suicide bombers attacked the barracks of American marines and French paratroopers. As a result, NATO soldiers 307 died, which of course sharply aggravated the situation in Lebanon. The American A-6 and A-7 attack aircraft and the French Super-Standard aircraft began to bomb the positions of the Lebanese Shiites and the Iranian fighters of the IRGC in Lebanon. In response to the shelling of American F-14, which carried out provocative overflights of Syrian positions, attacks on ATS air defense systems in the Bekaa Valley began. Soviet media claimed that as a result of the response, 9 aircraft of the US Navy and France's 2 were shot down. The Americans recognized the loss of A-6 and A-7, one pilot was killed, and the second was captured.



The American battleship "New Jersey" of 406-mm guns began firing "shells the size of a car" Syrians in Lebanon. In early February, such attacks have already taken a systematic character, hundreds of shells have already begun to operate. True, the results were more than modest, it was reported on the destruction of only one command post. Soviet sources generally argued that such attacks were pursuing propaganda goals and suffered mainly from civilians. In the end, in February 1983, the Americans in disgrace had to get out of Lebanon.

In December, 1988, over the city of Lockerbie, was bombed by Boeing 747 airlines PAN AM. The Americans began to accuse the Syrians that it was their special services that organized the attack. But in the 1990 year, when Syrian troops landed in Saudi Arabia, all allegations from the Assad regime were dropped. Libya was appointed the scapegoat.



By participating in the operation "Desert Storm", Hafez Asad, thus, tried to kill several birds with one stone, he restored visibility of relations with the United States, they lagged behind his country for more than a decade. Saudi Arabia began to provide financial assistance, plus Syria has earned a good deal of smuggling supplies to Iraq, which has come under severe sanctions.

In 2003, Bashar Asad openly supported Baghdad when he was already forced to defend himself against American aggression. As a result, relations with the Americans began to deteriorate rapidly and, shortly after the end of active hostilities in Iraq, the Americans seriously discussed plans for a military invasion of Syria. In addition, Western circles have done a lot to squeeze Damascus from Lebanon, where he had strategic interests. Relations with Saudi Arabia also deteriorated. This Persian Gulf tyranny now talks a lot about the Syrian army’s war crimes, while at the same time units from Sudan, whose President Omar al-Bashir is declared a war criminal for the murder of 300 thousand, are involved in the Saudi aggression in Yemen. An international tribunal has been waiting for him for this genocide for a long time. But the Saudis do not notice. Nothing personal. Just politics. Without principles and morality.
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38 comments
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  1. Rurikovich
    Rurikovich 23 January 2016 06: 47
    +8
    East is a delicate matter... what
    1. clidon
      clidon 23 January 2016 18: 35
      +4
      Yes, not so much - Saddam is a Sunni, a contender for pan-Arab unity under the influence of Baghdad. Assads are Alawites, that is, a Shiite branch. Such could be united only by hatred of an external enemy, and then for a while.
      1. Sergej1972
        Sergej1972 23 January 2016 21: 30
        +1
        Not only and not so much the point. Both Assad and Saddam Hussein were not particularly religious people. The point is the split of the Ba'ath Party. Indeed, in Syria and in Iraq, two wings of one party were in power.
        1. clidon
          clidon 23 January 2016 22: 06
          +1
          You underestimate the influence of religion. Assad and Saddam themselves, yes, were quite secular, but those who stood under them quite Islamists, albeit not as ardent as the "Muslim Brotherhood", but remembering who is who. And at the moment of crisis, they did not go hugging and reconciling, but quickly found a common language with (almost) fellow believers.
  2. jaguar
    jaguar 23 January 2016 06: 48
    12
    The whole point ..... Nothing personal. Just politics. Without principles and morality.
  3. Bennert
    Bennert 23 January 2016 07: 35
    -26 qualifying.
    This is the funniest story I've ever heard of. Asadov family showed its true face
    ____________________
    While Egypt’s moderate participation in the Gulf War was natural, for the West, the decision of the uncompromising Syrian government to begin cooperation with the long-standing enemies of Syria, the United States and Great Britain was a complete surprise. Violent protest demonstrations also began inside Syria, which were brutally suppressed.

    The first unit of over 1000 arrived in late August, at the same time Syrian heavy military equipment was delivered via the Suez Canal and the Red Sea. Like Egypt, Syria has long been involved in an armed conflict with Israel, the last time its troops fought in 1982, and subsequent experience in participating in hostilities was gained during the ongoing conflict in Lebanon. Being equipped almost entirely with Soviet weapons, organized on the model of the Soviet Army and created in a totalitarian state, the Syrian army was more like the Iraqi army than coalition troops. Total Syria seconded and placed under the command of the Allies 19000 people, more than 50000 people were stationed next to the Syrian-Iraqi border. Some of these troops, numbering 15000, were part of the 9th armored division, who fought in the 1973 war. During the Desert Storm, this division did not participate in the battles at the forefront, because it did not have modern equipment. It was mainly equipped with outdated tanks and a small number of T-72s, which in Syria had about 1100. Syrian divisions were divided into four combat brigades, one of which was formed from military personnel. The 4th Panzer Brigade of the 9th Division was incomplete. The 9th division also included the 43rd mechanized, 52nd and 53rd tank brigades. The total number of tanks in the division exceeded 250, but, as already mentioned, it was mainly the old T-55 and T-62K / M tanks that most of its seven tank battalions had Soviet tanks at their disposal. Only one or two battalions had T-72s. Five mechanized battalions had BMP-1 and auxiliary models BTR-60. The division also included an artillery regiment and small anti-aircraft regiments, engineer and signal battalions, a transport, sanitary company and a chemical defense company. The artillery units have at their disposal 122-mm self-propelled howitzers D-30, anti-aircraft - anti-aircraft guns SA-8 and SA-9, the reconnaissance company is equipped with BRDM-2 vehicles. The small arms of the Syrian army and other infantry weapons practically did not differ from any Soviet-style army. The Syrian special forces unit was officially called the 4th parachute assault group (“Fauj”). It included three small-sized battalions. According to tradition, only soldiers belonging to the Alavit sect were included in their composition in order to ensure fidelity of these troops to the ruling regime (Hafez and his son Bashar Assad - a religious minority, Alawites). Many fighters participated in the fighting in Lebanon, and had vast experience in fighting in the desert. This unit, consisting of 600 people, was based in the UAE. Coalition forces, and especially the United States, were suspicious of Syria’s participation in the operation. Syria was reluctant to provide intelligence, and its activities were closely monitored. At first, the Syrian division was used as a cover for the SGOV. On February 5, she entered into a short clash with the troops of Iraq. Immediately before the start of ground warfare, the 9th Armored Division was laid back. The units of the Kuwaiti and Saudi Arabian armies and two Egyptian divisions launched an SGOV offensive across the border, and Syrian troops were left in the reserve corps.
  4. Professor
    Professor 23 January 2016 08: 18
    -36 qualifying.
    Assad always chose the wrong side and lost ALL wars and conflicts unleashed by him. Here is such a gift of mediocrity from him.
    1. Sibiryak
      Sibiryak 23 January 2016 11: 16
      -16 qualifying.
      Assad always chose the wrong side ...
      It is explained in one word - FLYUYUYUGER or in Russian - PARASIT! And it doesn’t matter whether the Jew said it or not!
      1. Sibiryak
        Sibiryak 23 January 2016 13: 49
        +1
        My comment on Assad does not apply at all.
  5. mixdiur
    mixdiur 23 January 2016 09: 25
    34
    Well, of course, it is only the Jews who always choose the right side, but this is not always the one.
    1. gergi
      gergi 23 January 2016 09: 36
      13
      I don’t even want to answer this Jew. Not nice, BRRR!
      1. Maksus
        Maksus 23 January 2016 11: 50
        +4
        I wonder why, as soon as a person with the flag of Israel appears, attacks start towards nationality, and not on the merits of the issue? The same with people with the US flag?
        1. Maksus
          Maksus 23 January 2016 12: 56
          -12 qualifying.
          And to substantiate the cons of the brain is not enough?
          1. NIKNN
            NIKNN 23 January 2016 15: 13
            +5
            Quote: Maksus
            And to substantiate the cons of the brain is not enough?

            The disadvantages are not mine, but enough to justify the brains. "The professor (who is also a Jew) dismissively said about people:
            Assad always chose the wrong side and lost ALL wars and conflicts unleashed by him. Like this gift of mediocrity him.
            (you are our gifted).
            And on account of the fact that those who appear with the flag of Israel, like the United States (I will make a reservation, not all, "gifted" in general), begins to breathe "exclusivity" ... request
            And you are not right about the flag, they do not even respond to people, but to statements.
            1. Bayonet
              Bayonet 23 January 2016 16: 25
              +5
              Quote: NIKNN
              And on account of the fact that those who appear with the flag of Israel, like the United States (I will make a reservation, not all, "gifted" in general), begins to breathe "exclusivity" ...
            2. Maksus
              Maksus 23 January 2016 19: 53
              -9
              And again, we are talking about Jews, everything is clear with you, anti-Semites are a state of mind.
              What makes you think that he is a Jew? When I wrote from France, my flag was French, this does not mean that I am a gall))) And yelling - Putin and Assad brothers forever - this is ridiculous. Assad is the same mug as the others, not without reason they call him a butcher.
            3. aiden
              aiden 23 January 2016 20: 57
              +3
              he not only speaks about Assad. if you follow all his messages, you can conclude that the Jews are the main on the planet, and all the rest are biomass. Therefore, this is how they belong to this person from Israel.
              1. Maksus
                Maksus 23 January 2016 21: 02
                +2
                I did not notice this, my views are quite sound. And the fact that he does not like Arabs is what it is for. How did we start such love with them - it’s clear that Europe and the States are enemies to us, China is a so-so friend, only if it sleeps with its teeth against the wall. What brothers Ukrainians and Bulgarians are for us - no one has any questions. But remember how joyfully the Erdogad was praised with the Turkish stream - what did you get in the end? A bunch of screaming patriots - they say I still five years ago and other nonsense. But Putin, as always, is handsome and a multi-player chess player.
            4. Maksus
              Maksus 23 January 2016 21: 03
              0
              So he wrote about Assad Sr., or what other people appear?
          2. Bayonet
            Bayonet 23 January 2016 16: 23
            +5
            Quote: Maksus
            And to substantiate the cons of the brain is not enough?

            Why are they?
            1. Maksus
              Maksus 23 January 2016 19: 52
              +2
              In the subject, colleague!
    2. Professor
      Professor 23 January 2016 10: 43
      -11 qualifying.
      I do not divide the world into Jews and non-Jews. However, Assad was defeated. in all conflicts unleashed by him, as a rule while losing part of the territory of Syria. His predecessors generally chose the side of Hitler and after the war sheltered many Nazi defenses.

      PS
      Most of all, I like the statement of Foreign Minister Aba Even about the Arabs and the Fylys in particular: "They will never miss the opportunity to miss the opportunity." ("never missed an opportunity to miss an opportunity")
      1. Maksus
        Maksus 23 January 2016 11: 48
        -13 qualifying.
        Not only the elder Assad lost, the younger also leaked almost everything.
      2. vvv-73
        vvv-73 23 January 2016 15: 33
        +8
        Well, there’s another saying, only about Americans. It sounds like this: the Americans will always make the right decision after everyone else has tried it.
        1. Professor
          Professor 23 January 2016 16: 33
          +1
          Quote: vvv-73
          Well, there’s another saying, only about Americans. It sounds like this: the Americans will always make the right decision after everyone else has tried it.

          It's about Assad. It would be foolish to expect that decisions made by anyone are always correct, but Assad had a special gift: to put on the horse that comes last. He supported the GKChP and for many years lost Russia. He refused to normalize relations with Israel in exchange for the Golan, choosing the Islamic State of Iran and was left with nothing. Jordan and Egypt acted wiser and (Oh God !!!) together with Israel successfully fight with the Islamic state, receiving billions of dollars annually from the United States. It got to the point that Israel put Jordanian helicopter gunships. fellow Assad "supported" Saddam in 1991 and sold him in 2003. But Iraq in difficult times helped Syria more than once by sending its divisions to fight with Israel. Assad supported the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt and got the worst enemy Assisi. Assad came out against Christians in Lebanon, quarreled with all neighbors without exception. It is difficult to find a situation where the assad family would not make a strategic mistake. I am generally silent about domestic policy.
          1. alicante11
            alicante11 24 January 2016 04: 37
            -1
            But the main decision was to remain faithful to Russia, he took correctly. Who accepted it, I will not understand Hafez or Bashar, the meaning of this does not change. Gaddafi made the opposite decision and lost both the country and his life. Assad lasts much longer than the much richer and more intelligent Murmurych. And other things being equal, this suggests that this is a merit of Russia.
            1. Bennert
              Bennert 24 January 2016 05: 28
              0
              Quote: alicante11
              And other things being equal, this suggests that this is a merit of Russia.

              I forgot to tell why Russia has such a merit

              If at the slightest need, they with puppy readiness will switch to the side of NATO. There is a precedent
              1. alicante11
                alicante11 25 January 2016 02: 10
                0
                First, there was no precedent. In 91, the amers had the "go-ahead" of the UN Security Council, so Russia, then the USSR was not against the punishment of Saddam.
                Secondly, I do not know the reason that moves the Kremlin in Syria. Perhaps this is a base in Latakia, perhaps the barrier to the Arab pipe to Europe, perhaps they destroy the terrorist rock far from their borders. For me personally, Syria is a secular civilized country subjected to terrorist aggression. Moreover, not only the obvious ones - ISIS, but also those who hide behind the statehood - NATO and Israel. There is practically no difference between you. They kill civilians and you, only you do not cut with knives, but bomb with precision bombs and missiles. They torture you too - Guantanamo. They trade in slaves, and a lot of women from Vost are also exploited in NATO countries. Europe and the former USSR. Therefore, I am on the side of the Syrians. Let them have their own cockroaches in their heads, but they are much smaller than their opponents.
                1. Bennert
                  Bennert 25 January 2016 07: 39
                  +3
                  Quote: alicante11
                  secular civilized country

                  In which 42 years curfew


                  Hama after the storm, 1982
                  Quote: alicante11
                  It is possible that the Arab pipe to Europe can be screened, possibly destroying the terrorist rock far from its borders.

                  Since the activation of ISIS, the number of terrorist attacks in Russia has declined sharply - Caucasian Wahhabis massively went to Syria to build their Sharia paradise

                  The operation of the Russian Aerospace Forces in Syria is a "small victorious war" aimed at distracting people from internal problems. A recipe known for centuries
                  1. Lord blacwood
                    Lord blacwood 27 January 2016 22: 26
                    0
                    I agree that in Syria there is no economy, not an army. Only slogans and eternal war.
      3. Lord blacwood
        Lord blacwood 27 January 2016 22: 22
        0
        It’s interesting when Assad’s predecessors chose Hitler’s side. Syria was a colony of France until April 17, 1946, and then survived the revolution, so that Assad and his predecessors have nothing in common.
  6. vladimirvn
    vladimirvn 23 January 2016 09: 39
    +4
    .. "Events taking place in the Arab world: this is a chain of conflicts, temporary alliances, betrayal and hypocrisy" .. good
  7. bionik
    bionik 23 January 2016 13: 09
    +9
    T-62 Afghanistan.
  8. Denis Skiff
    Denis Skiff 23 January 2016 13: 26
    +1
    one thing is clear. there will never be a caliphate. gnawing over. nothing can be built on the destruction of everything and everything.
  9. Thompson
    Thompson 23 January 2016 14: 11
    +3
    Quote: Maksus
    I wonder why, as soon as a person with the flag of Israel appears, attacks start towards nationality, and not on the merits of the issue? The same with people with the US flag?

    I haven’t minded anyone now, but I haven’t noticed such a sin behind me. I’m minus only for the content of the statement when I have something against it. And then for the most part I argue
    hi
  10. Algetxnumx
    Algetxnumx 23 January 2016 14: 42
    +4
    Quote: Maksus
    nationality, not the substance of the issue?

    Here you are wrong, "minus" mostly not for the flag, but for what they write under this flag. Specifically, with regard to this "prohessor". The greatest "special" in everything and everything, does not tolerate objections in any form, even if they are correct, the last word is always behind him, even if it is not true. Appears mainly to dissolve shit .., and then quietly merge, but after one article on the reorganization, "VO" was offended by the whole world and disappeared, but apparently "the poet's soul could not bear it" again and again drew. So you shouldn’t worry about Maksus, they are not beating the flag here, but the physics.
  11. rJIiOK
    rJIiOK 23 January 2016 17: 24
    +5
    How did you .. "tired": Assad's regime, Saddam's regime.
    Let's then say "Putin regime", "Obama regime". "Yeltsin's regime", after all.
    1. Bennert
      Bennert 23 January 2016 22: 08
      +2
      Quote: rJIiOK
      Assad’s regime, Saddam’s regime.

      The Asad family has been sitting since 1966.
      an interesting fact - in Syria, a curfew was in effect for 42 years. A meaningless world record.

      Saddam ruled Iraq for 24 years

      Obama is serving his second term and is guaranteed to leave, the "Obama regime" does not exist in nature
      1. dali
        dali 23 January 2016 22: 42
        +3
        Quote: BENNERT
        Obama is serving his second term and is guaranteed to leave, the "Obama regime" does not exist in nature

        And what about the fact that Obama is leaving - the mattress regimen from this or something to change ?! belay

        By the way, they’re talking to the mattresses about changing the constitution - introducing the possibility of a third term ... so it’s already possible to formally call the regime.
        1. Bennert
          Bennert 24 January 2016 00: 46
          0
          Quote: Dali
          what with the fact that Obama is leaving - the mattress regimen from this or something to change

          each president is his own era
          Quote: Dali
          By the way, in all talk

          and let them talk further

          by the way it is written together
          1. alicante11
            alicante11 24 January 2016 04: 40
            +2
            each president is his own era


            But for some reason, nothing changes from the beginning of each new "era". Exclusivity is the core of every "era". This applies to both the United States and Israel. This is probably why the attitude towards them is about the same.
            1. Bennert
              Bennert 24 January 2016 05: 31
              -1
              Quote: alicante11
              from the beginning of each new "era" nothing changes

              isolationism vs expansion

              the eternal American question, each president has his own answer
              Quote: alicante11
              Exclusivity is the core of every "era". This applies to both the United States and Israel.

              And the Russian Federation and any country in general
  12. Mavrikiy
    Mavrikiy 23 January 2016 21: 04
    +8
    "How you ..." tired ": Assad's regime, Saddam's regime."

    What did you want from the liberals? By the way, the whole West writes about the Putin regime. The terminology is one and the feeder is one.
  13. Leader
    Leader 24 January 2016 20: 29
    0
    Quote: Maksus
    everything is clear to you, anti-Semites are a state of mind.

    You're lying. I often put pros and cons to the Professor and his fellow countrymen.
    If it hurts me and I agree - then a plus; if I consider it wrong and strongly disagree - minus.
    Where the Professor speaks about technology, most often a plus is competent and interesting.
    But the Professor is often "carried over"; he begins to arrogantly teach Russians "how to live correctly" and allows himself to make insulting remarks about Russia - this is an instant minus to him.
    And in the same way, I often evaluate the posts of many other people (under any flags).

    Just the Jews are unsurpassed masters in the art of making enemies. wink
    1. Professor
      Professor 24 January 2016 20: 36
      +1
      Quote: Leader
      allows himself offensive remarks against Russia

      bullshit
  14. Andrey77
    Andrey77 27 January 2016 02: 15
    0
    Article minus. No references, no literature ...
    Here's how to evaluate it:
    "for example, Iraq supplied weapons to Syrian fundamentalists" (c) author
    Did the author personally control the deliveries?