Military Review

"New Middle East" is not quite up to American calque

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Last Thursday, US Secretary of Defense Ashton Carter, speaking at the military base of Fort Campbell (Kentucky), said that the special forces of the US Armed Forces were stationed "on the ground" in Syria and established contacts with the opposition. Carter did not go into details of the operations of the American commandos. Some of its details were leaked to the media. For example, the Washington Times newspaper reports that there are about 40 US special forces among the Syrian rebels. "Their main goal is to interrupt the flow of ammunition and fighters to Rakka, which the Islamists call their capital."




The successes of the Syrian forces make the Americans reveal the cards

For the first time, US President Barack Obama spoke about connecting American commandos to actions in Syria at the end of last October, when it became clear that involving the Russian Aerospace Forces into a conflict gives the Syrian government army a chance to change the course of the war in its favor. Obama publicly returned to this topic several times, as if preparing the basis for such an operation. In particular, he expressed concern about the fate of the dam built by Soviet experts on the Euphrates River near the city of Al-Ahmar.

In early December, the militants of the Islamic State terrorist group blew up a similar dam in Iraq, making it difficult for the government forces to cause harm to the population. The threat of undermining the dam was in Syria. But here in late December, the Syrian army, with the support of the Russian videoconferencing, was able to establish control over the dam.

It would seem that for Obama's fears now there are no big reasons. However, the American commandos got the go-ahead for action and, in the first decade of January, found themselves on Syrian soil - in areas close to the capital of the IG terrorist group. For the Americans, too, there was a dam - the Tishri hydroelectric station in the province of Aleppo. She was beaten off by the militants of the IG unit of the Syrian Democratic Forces.

Experts frolicked over this, believing that a turnaround had occurred in the Syrian war, and now the Americans will try to take Raqqah first to fix their decisive contribution to the victory over IS. It seems to confirm this version and the sharply changed rhetoric of President Obama. More recently, he absolutely excluded the participation of the US military in a ground operation in Syria. During the week in his speech with the message “On the state of affairs in the country,” Obama asked Congress to allow the use of US troops against the Islamic State terrorist group. What so dramatically changed the plans of the American authorities?

The beginning of January was marked by serious successes of the Syrian government army. With the support of the Russian videoconferencing, militias and units of the opposition forces, it advanced on all fronts. Dozens of villages were liberated from the militants of terrorist groups (more than 220 since the beginning of the autumn offensive). Perhaps the most serious success was achieved by the Syrian army in the province of Latakia, where it occupied all the heights dominant in the Kurdish mountains and beat off the key point of defense of the terrorists - the city of Salma. On this occasion, the ringleader of the militants "Ajnat al-Kavkaz", a native of Chechnya, Muslim Shishani, panicked. His group in Latakia, consisting of immigrants from the North Caucasus, was on the verge of destruction. Shishani’s video message for help to the Mujahideen states: “We are here in a very small area, and if they (the Syrian government army — GG) clean it up, then all Syria will come under their control. And, most likely, the Syrian army will squeeze us into the desert, isolates and returns the state. ”

Similar moods are boiling among the leaders of other groups. They are not even changed by individual Islamist successes, such as the recent counteroffensive in the province of Homs, during which the militants regained control over two settlements, or the support that Shishani panicked from Turkey had received. After all, the main thing is that not only the government army and militia are fighting with the Islamists. Turned against them weapon even the detachments of the democratic opposition in conflict with the government of Bashar al-Assad. According to Lieutenant-General Sergey Rudsky, Chief of the Main Operations Directorate of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of Russia, at present, with the support of the Russian 11 Aerospace Forces, such units of more than 7000 fighters are attacking the positions of Islamic terrorists and have already freed several settlements from them.

This new trend is fully consistent with the Russian goals in Syria - to knock out terrorist groups from the country, while maintaining the unity and integrity of its territory. Such a position does not find support in other coalitions involved in the conflict. Why?

Napoleonic plans for Condoleezza Rice on the map of Colonel Ralph Peters


The Syrian standoff is long история. It began with the grandiose plans of the US State Department, announced back in June 2006 by the then head of American diplomacy, Condoleezza Rice. That was the time of the next aggravation of relations between Lebanon and Israel, which later grew into a second Lebanese war. Rice came to Tel Aviv to support the Allies. At a meeting with Israeli leaders, she made a programmatic statement: “What we are seeing today, in fact, represents the beginning of labor battles, which will result in the birth of the“ New Middle East ”, and, whatever we do, we should report that we are working in the name of this New Middle East. ”

Meanwhile, the Middle East, the United States began to rebuild earlier - from Iraq. When Condoleezza Rice opened the eyes of the Israelis to their policies, the Iraqi President Saddam Hussein had been in his grave for three years. After this American philippic, the Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi told his Syrian counterpart Bashar al-Assad: "Now they will come for us." Assad only laughed in response.

Condoleezza Rice's midwife revelations about Middle Eastern childbirth were not a trivial figure of speech. Almost simultaneously with the Tel Aviv speech by the head of the US State Department, an article by the retired colonel Ralph Peters appeared in the magazine Armed Forces Journal (published by the Pentagon). The author called it “Bloody Borders” and added a significant subtitle “How the Middle East can look better”. The colonel illustrated his thoughts with a desired map of the Middle East, based on the confessional and ethnic settlement of the aborigines of the region.

Peters' map was soon dubbed "scandalous." In fact, the colonel worked hard marker. Iraq, for example, it divided into three parts. The north of the country gave the new state "Kurdistan" (it also painted on the territories of Turkey and Iran populated by Kurds), in the western lands of Iraq and eastern Syria placed Sunni Iraq. Baghdad inherited Shiite territories stretching to the south of the Persian Gulf, to Qatar. By a separate Islamic state, Peters designated the area with Muslim shrines, cutting it off from Saudi Arabia. The colonel’s hand reached further to the East and drew Balochistan on the border lands of Pakistan and Afghanistan.

Ralph Peters resolutely walked through all the countries of the Middle East. One - (Azerbaijan, Jordan and Yemen) significantly increased the territory at the expense of neighbors, the other - (Saudi Arabia, Syria, Iraq, Iran and Turkey) thoroughly cut. Third - (Kuwait and Bahrain) and completely eliminated as superfluous. These were not amateurish fantasies. Ralph Peters during his service has published many papers on military and political strategy. Knew in this sense. Peters retired from his position as deputy chief of staff for intelligence in the US Department of Defense. After that, he gave his "Blood Borders".

The article in the journal and the subsequent book (“Never Stop the Battle”) was received with approval at the US National Military Academy. A new division of the Middle East was respectfully called the "Map of Colonel Peters" and began to study it at the highest officers and generals courses.

Scandalous map of Peters acquired 2006 in Rome in August, where two months after publication in the Armed Forces Journal, it was hung out for review at the NATO Military College, in which Turkish officers were trained, among others. On the map the Turks lost the east of their country. Now there, according to Peters, the lands of Kurdistan stretched to the Black Sea coast. The scandal came serious. The head of the General Staff of Turkey, General Boyukanit, expressed “decisive protest” to the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff of the United States, Peter Pace.

Demarche Turkish general, however, remained without consequences. He did not influence the policy of the Americans, nor their plans and moods. About this, the US military sometimes talk it over. Last August, for example, before the resignation, the Chief of Staff of the Ground Forces of the US Army, General Raymond Thomas Odierno, was openly open. At his farewell press conference, Odierno said: "The partition of Iraq may be the only solution for the future of this country, since it is hardly possible to expect a truce between the Sunnis and the Shiites." The general called ineffective the actions of the international coalition against LIH and expressed the opinion that American troops should be returned to the region, and not limited to military advisers (there are now three thousand of them).

Incidentally, in 2004-2006, Raymond Thomas Odierno combined his service in the Joint Chiefs of Staff of the United States with the post of military adviser to US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice. Most likely, Odierno had a hand in the State Department’s plans to reshape the political map of the Middle East. Now he only confirmed the long-standing intentions of the American authorities.

When Odierno spoke to the media, he couldn’t imagine that in a month the Russian military would begin an operation of aerospace forces in Syria, and this would drastically change the balance of forces in the Middle East. Rice-Odierno-Peters’s plans to create a Sunni Iraq will also be threatened, which are so organically reflected in the basic name of the terrorist group Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, from which the Americans now deny it.

Today, Syria is hard and slowly returning to its former borders. The map of Colonel Peters is torn under the blows of the Russian Aerospace Forces, the Syrian government army, militias and the opposition. That is why the Americans hurried to throw the special forces in the center of the Sunni lands. There will be someone to meet the United States troops, whom the Pentagon strategists already see on Syrian soil. Only electoral clashes between Democrats and Republicans can prevent them. However, they know how to unite if serious national goals are at stake ...
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  1. ImPerts
    ImPerts 18 January 2016 07: 13 New
    +7
    The Peters map has a good reason. When the Ottoman Empire collapsed, its pieces were distributed to please the victorious countries, which predetermined the current situation. If earlier various claims were leveled within the existing world order, then everything collapsed.
    In any case, whatever the result, the United States has discredited itself over these decades. And whatever happens, the guilty one is already predetermined.
    1. Jack-b
      Jack-b 18 January 2016 07: 33 New
      +1
      These "foundations" can be expensive for the world. For example, Russia, whose territory consists of a bunch of different national territories. Or the United States, which is still essentially a community of independent states, and which also sit on territories that they did not originally own. I'm not talking about the rest. So before you divide the east, let the Americans first share everything at home. But in fact, Americans generally purple as the east will be divided. If only everything would burn with a blue flame. So the "grounds" are just to them in the subject, and therefore rise to the flag.
    2. The comment was deleted.
    3. igordok
      igordok 18 January 2016 08: 35 New
      +3
      Quote: ImPerts
      The Peters map has a good reason.

      Not seeing the Peters card is hard to argue.
      1. Jack-b
        Jack-b 18 January 2016 08: 40 New
        +4
        Well then, for comparison, the original map
      2. The comment was deleted.
    4. lukewarm
      lukewarm 18 January 2016 09: 54 New
      +1
      Quote: ImPerts
      The Peters map has a good reason.

      Pts maybe, as if everything looks logical. Only if it is at least beautiful, this new card, what relation do mattresses have to this from the point of view of justice and law?
      Fully agree with
      Quote: ImPerts
      The USA has discredited itself over these decades.

      But the guilty one is predetermined ... He will be the loser. But this is not yet clear. Or is it predetermined as with a Malaysian Boeing on Ruin? If not difficult, please explain. smile
      1. ImPerts
        ImPerts 18 January 2016 10: 35 New
        0
        No matter how the situation came out and no matter how the map of BV was redrawn, the Americans, as the main ones on the planet, got into all the puddles.
        And even if the new rulers of the newly created remodelers are happy, they will always be dissatisfied. Again, new boundaries will not appear by wave of a wand. These are only outlines. The specifics will be determined directly on the spot. And here again is cause for discontent.
        They will be dissatisfied with the new alignment, since they do not want to change anything. They will be dissatisfied with the new borders, as their interests have not been taken into account. Or they will be dissatisfied, since nothing changes. And there will again be those who want change.
        In general, the song about the bull and bast.
        The main thing is not to get involved in us.
  2. VNP1958PVN
    VNP1958PVN 18 January 2016 07: 18 New
    0
    special forces of the US Armed Forces deployed "on the ground" in Syria and established contacts
    It may well be that in the next speech we will have to inform, or most likely hide, that the special forces are already "in the ground" and it is good if America!
  3. oblako
    oblako 18 January 2016 07: 22 New
    +6
    And where is the invitation of the Syrian government ?! It is necessary to reduce the accuracy of bombing to the necessary limits ...
  4. Andryukha G
    Andryukha G 18 January 2016 07: 30 New
    +5
    Who, besides Russia, will stop these “exceptional arbiters of the destinies of mankind”, who forever stick their long noses out of their business and consider themselves masters of the world.
    1. lukewarm
      lukewarm 18 January 2016 10: 02 New
      +9
      HZ. It seems that this is a globalist project of those same multinational companies. And their "managers" are everywhere, and in the Russian Federation there are no fewer of them than anywhere else. And they are sitting at the top. So it’s not a fact that Russia will be able to stop all this. With us, the situevine itself is very explosive inside.
  5. parusnik
    parusnik 18 January 2016 07: 30 New
    0
    The Americans are keen to prove that representatives of different faiths and nationalities cannot live in one state ... And we need to divide everything ... it is easier to pit it off ... In Russia, this option did not work out .. other countries spilled over ... Truth with the USSR they did it ..
    1. Pereira
      Pereira 18 January 2016 09: 36 New
      +7
      It must be proved that blacks cannot live in the same country as whites, Latinos and Chinese. And share.
  6. PatriotKZ
    PatriotKZ 18 January 2016 07: 35 New
    -4
    It’s hard to believe in the map of Peters, these Americans are not so smart, Zadornov will not let me lie.
  7. Shiva83483
    Shiva83483 18 January 2016 07: 45 New
    0
    Damn, what do you call the Yankees? Phenomenally hand-assed, fabulous woodpeckers, who are in politics, like an elephant in a china shop. But! With an enormous complex of superiority over the whole world ... and it is unknowingly flawed that only lazy people are not laughing at them now.
  8. rotmistr60
    rotmistr60 18 January 2016 08: 38 New
    +3
    All within the framework of American "exclusivity." If you want to create a political map in your own way, you have made and hung out at the NATO military college, as a visual aid to what NATO is striving for.
    But US special forces will not play a big role in Syria, but they can stay in the desert forever.
  9. 31rus
    31rus 18 January 2016 08: 54 New
    +3
    Dear ones, this is the predicted development of the situation in Syria, from the very beginning of the videoconferencing it was clear that the United States would either wait for the success of Russia and Syria (while secretly supplying militants), or they would take the side of the "opposition" blaming Assad, everything seems to be right, the United States is war and therefore have a right to influence the future of Syria, but the illegality of its presence in Syria puts the USA itself and the forces that they support outlawed, and this is the continuation of at least the civil war, or the collapse of Syria into sectors, this is beneficial to the United States and its allies but it’s not profitable for Syria and Russia itself. It is obvious that the time is coming to sit at the negotiating table, it is possible to intensify the displacement of militants precisely in the direction of US special forces, then they will either have to participate in the war at a different level, or leave this venture
    1. lukewarm
      lukewarm 18 January 2016 10: 04 New
      +4
      Quote: 31rus
      the illegality of the presence in Syria, puts both the United States and the forces that they support outlawed

      When did the Second World War begin, in which of the holes did the League of Nations and international law end up?
  10. 31rus
    31rus 18 January 2016 09: 06 New
    +2
    It’s precisely behind Biden’s visit that this whole “game” is behind, if the US enters Syria, not that neither the air forces and the Gauges stop them, that’s what Biden’s smile is worth, then the lengthy negotiations “bidding”, and how much, then the same thing is happening with Ukraine, only a few other priorities and goals, obviously one thing the US is trying to carry out a “political” offensive on all fronts, which will give, wait and see
  11. Pereira
    Pereira 18 January 2016 09: 33 New
    +6
    I’m afraid that our VKS accidentally, completely by accident, wouldn’t bomb these heroes on moonless nights. It's dark, after all, stupid Russian bombs were not dismantled.
    1. 31rus
      31rus 18 January 2016 09: 59 New
      +3
      It will not work, then the bombs will immediately become smart, it all depends on the general situation in the world, if Russia makes a decision and Syria says this is the last frontier, then there will be negotiations or a serious aggravation of the situation right up to the war between Russia and the USA, only this can stop the USA or what or concessions to win time to create stronger positions
    2. aleks26
      aleks26 18 January 2016 19: 29 New
      +1
      Quote: Pereira
      I’m afraid that our VKS accidentally, completely by accident, wouldn’t bomb these heroes of moonless nights

      And why immediately our bombs. Syria has its own aircraft. And they did not give the states permission to enter their aircraft. Therefore, bombing the Americans is a logical step.
  12. Belousov
    Belousov 18 January 2016 11: 04 New
    +2
    The states didn’t set up a mess for them to drop everything and get a donut hole. So the first group of special forces is just a preparation. Then other parts will be sent. Of course, the "moderate" terrorists will take the main damage, and the staff will be in their role as foreign detachments and then they will record their presence and demand a zone of influence.
  13. NordUral
    NordUral 18 January 2016 11: 05 New
    0
    You are mistaken, it is for them. Fire in Africa, Europe and Asia, at least. And what is happening now is just the beginning.
  14. sibiryk
    sibiryk 18 January 2016 11: 09 New
    +2
    ... 40 US special forces. “Their main goal is interrupt the flow of ammunition and fighters to Raqqa, which the Islamists call their capital "...
    it's like 300 Spartans will solve all problems, Carter reviewed the campaign of Hollywood films,
  15. Alexez
    Alexez 18 January 2016 12: 04 New
    +2
    The capture of Racca by the Americans ... if I had in mind the analogy with Berlin in 1945 - IMHO will not work. Vsezh will have to fight, but in the conditions of elections (in the USA) it is unlikely that they will be decided on a large-scale ground operation.
  16. Pvi1206
    Pvi1206 18 January 2016 13: 32 New
    +3
    The United States behaves the same as in World War II. They are connected on the side of the winners at the end of the battle in order to appropriate the laurels of victory.
  17. Starik72
    Starik72 18 January 2016 14: 26 New
    +1
    The United States shares the skin of an unkilled bear, I think that, as always, it will not work for them, looking at the world situation, and it does not work out in favor of the United States. After all, the more they disperse their forces: Europe, North Africa, Ukraine and the Middle East, and the conclusion follows from this, the more they want to sit on more chairs, the less likely they are to sit on one. Do not judge me harshly, because I am not a politician, but an ordinary old man.
  18. -Traveller-
    -Traveller- 18 January 2016 19: 27 New
    +1
    with this card they are worn like a written bag. as with the caliphate map, the authorship of which is attributed to igil.
    all these eggs are not worth it, because impracticable.
  19. mitrich
    mitrich 18 January 2016 20: 14 New
    +1
    Yeah, flies against g.vna, and Americans against ISIS. Absolutely all around for foolishness hold.
  20. DimerVladimer
    DimerVladimer 19 January 2016 11: 35 New
    +1
    Quote: VNP1958PVN
    It may well be that in the next speech we will have to inform, or most likely hide, that the special forces are already "in the ground" and it is good if America!


    Usually, US special forces have very serious air support, in some cases, cover is carried out continuously by aircraft of the Marine Corps from aircraft carrier groups. There are cases when aviation very closely packed ammunition for special forces who were ambushed in Afghanistan - within 50-60 meters, creating a fire barrier. Such support highly motivates and minimizes losses.