Russia still 4 January launched an initiative to mediate sharply aggravated relations, which put rival countries in the region, Iran and Saudi Arabia, on the brink of war. Russian initiative was rejected. This initiative could not be accepted, since it is obvious that Iran in all respects is much closer to Russia than Saudi. The fact that this initiative would not be accepted was certainly understood in Smolensk Square, however it was necessary to observe polities, making a pacifying gesture, the blessing that we were trained in diplomatic rhetoric.
And yet, sooner or later, a mediator between Iran and Saudi will be needed. Who really can be a mediator in this situation? Everyone talks about Sunnis, everyone talks about Shiites, forgetting about one more equal course in Islam - the Kharijites. Who are Kharijites in the modern world? This is mainly the population of Oman. Sultan Qaboos bin Said occupies equidistant positions in all regional excesses, despite the fact that Oman is a member of the Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf, where Saudi is the leader. Oman did not join the pro-Saud coalition, which began bombing Yemen in 2015. And this is not because Yemen is a neighboring country. Oman did not break off diplomatic relations with Iran during the latest outbreak of tension in the region, as did many Saudi henchmen. And this is not because there are economic ties between Oman and Iran and cooperation projects are being developed in the military-technical sphere. It's all about the religious aspect.
The Kharijites are a trend in Islam that arose even before the rest of the Muslim mass was divided into Sunnis and Shiites. Kharijites appeared about 50 years earlier. However, there are very few of them, and they need to save themselves in this world.
In addition to Oman, the current Kharijites, the Ibadites, who are moderate Kharijites, live in the Maghreb countries. However, since in these countries they do not constitute the majority of the population, they cannot play any political role. Another thing is the Sultanate of Oman, where the head of state is also the imam of the community of believers. In addition, Sunnis and Shiites also live in Oman.
Thus, pursuing a neutral foreign policy in the region and without being biased from a religious point of view, Oman, like no other state, is suitable for the role of mediator in the current Iranian-Saudi conflict.