Military Review

35-I separate reconnaissance aviation squadron of the Soviet Air Force in Egypt, 1970-72.

The 35th separate reconnaissance air squadron (in some documents it was also referred to as the 35th separate fighter air squadron) was part of the Soviet aviation a group sent to Egypt (United Arab Republic, United Arab Republic, as it was called until 1971; since 1971 - the Arab Republic of Egypt, Egypt) at the request of the President of this country Gamal Abdel Nasser during the so-called War of Attrition with Israel.
Organizationally, the squadron was incorporated into the 108 of the infantry brigade of the Egyptian Air Force.

The 35 is a separate air squadron based at the airfield of Janaklis (Jiyanklis), 40 km south of Alexandria (30 ° 49'32.88 "N 30 ° 11'23.18" E). It also had a runway Katamia (Katamia) on the coast of the Gulf of Suez, which was used as a “jump airfield” for air ambushes, and was a section of the highway extended to 21 meters.
The squadron had the task of covering the Navy on the Mediterranean coast and industrial facilities in the northern part of Egypt from Port Said to Mersa Matruh and south to Cairo.

The 35 th squadron had 30 fighters MiG-21МФ and MiG-21РФ, the personnel consisted of a pilot 42. All airplanes carried the identification marks of the Egyptian Air Force, and the pilots, whose stay in the United Arab Republic (AER) was kept in secret, were re-equipped in Egyptian uniforms. Outside the service, they wore civilian clothes and, if necessary, presented themselves as "civilian specialists."

A modification of the MiG-21МФ fighter, developed for export, carried the X-NUMX air-to-air missile R-4C, the built-in 3-mm gun GSH-23L, additional fuel tanks: 23 wing with 2 l or 480 fuselage 1L, XUHMXL-480, with ventral 800, with ventral XNUMXL-XNUMX. Before the battle, the tanks were dropped.

MiG-21РФ was the reconnaissance version of the MiG-21МФ. By the way, Egypt was the only foreign country that received this unique aircraft from the USSR.

35-I separate reconnaissance aviation squadron of the Soviet Air Force in Egypt, 1970-72.

The squadron commander of the first composition was Colonel Yuri Vasilievich Nastenko (later Lieutenant-General of the Air Force). He held this position until December 1970.

Then, his duties were performed by Colonel Miroshnichenko Anatoly Ivanovich, who was in office until April 1971, when the first composition of the pilots and technical personnel left home, and the “changers” arrived from the USSR. Photos of Colonel Miroshnichenko, unfortunately, could not be found.

The second squadron squadron (April 1971 - May 1972) was commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Anatoly Laskarzhevsky.

He owns an expression that has become the unofficial motto of the squadron: "We are the invisible squadron." Whether he had in mind the secret nature of the Soviet military in Egypt, or the skill of the 35 pilots when carrying out reconnaissance flights - one can only guess.

Pilot captain Novoseltsev Viktor Sergeevich and his “combat horse” MiG-21МФ (airborne number 8341). (from the personal archive of MV Novoseltsev):

Comrades captains Konyushin V.I. and Novoseltsev V.S. in MiG-21МФ (side number 8341) in the long-term shelter (from the personal archive of MV Novoseltsev):

Pilot Novoseltsev VS with technicians and the Egyptian watch soldier (from the personal archive of MV Novoseltsev):

Pilots 35-f ORAE in the image of "Rousseau tourist" in Alexandria (from the personal archive of MV Novoseltseva):

Squadron officers on vacation at the Red Sea (from the personal archive of MV Novoseltsev):

A group of aircraft technicians. Air base "Janakliz". Egypt, 1971-1972 (from the personal archive of B. Kirillov):

Aircraft Control Group 35-th ORAE. Air base "Janakliz". Egypt, 1971-1972 (from the personal archive of VV Danilov)

The personnel of the 35 Squadron on the excursion of Giza. Egypt, 1971-1972 (from the personal archive of VV Danilov):

On the channel near the airbase, good catfish were caught. Air base "Janakliz". Egypt, 1971-19720 (from the personal archive of VV Danilov):

In the garden to them. President Nasser. Aiabaza "Dzhankaliz". Egypt, 1971-1972 (from the personal archive of VV Danilov):

The pilots of the 35 th ORAE performed hundreds of combat and training missions in Egypt. Not once had to meet with the air enemy - the Israeli Air Force aircraft.
On the squadron's account - the most successful air battle of the Soviet pilots during the stay of the air group in Egypt in 1970-72.
It was a classic case of a successful air ambush, a tactical device often used by the parties fighting in the skies over Suez.
25 June 1970, a pair of MiG-21 piloted by captains Nikolai Krapivin and Nikolai Salnik, using low altitude, secretly approached the Skyhawk A-4E attack aircraft, which marched on Ismailia (according to Israeli data, was already returning from the mission), and hit one of them is a rocket R-3С.

Initially, two Nikolai was credited with a complete aerial victory, but later it turned out that the downed attack aircraft still managed to reach Refidim airfield and get on the “forced” one.
Another question is whether it was restored after that?

However, 2 August 1970, after the notorious air battle between the Soviet and Israeli 30.07.1970 pilots, the commander of the USSR Air Force, Marshal P.Kutakhov, banned flights to the Suez zone, and meetings with Israelis in the sky practically ceased.

During the "Egyptian business trip" killed four pilots 35 th ORAE, two in the first and second compositions.

The first squadron:

Deputy Squadron Commander Captain Vasilenko Alexander Ivanovich.
In Egypt, as part of the 35, a separate reconnaissance squadron was served by Major Vasilenko Alexander Ivanovich 1937, born in the Rostov region, Tavriya farm. He graduated from the Yeysk Flight School in 1957, then graduated from the Air Force Academy in Moscow (all schools, including the school, A. Vasilenko graduated with honors), after which he served in the Caucasus in the garrison of Mihai Tshakaya as commander squadron, from where he went to Egypt as part of 35 ORAE and died 12 February 1971 g. Posthumously awarded the Order of the Red Star. Buried in the Rostov region. Tavriya farm

Senior pilot captain Dmitrash Boris Afanasyevich died while performing combat training departure 16 July 1970.

He was born 26.05.1941 in the village of Chernothichi, Sosnytsky district, Chernihiv region, Ukrainian SSR. Graduated from Chernihiv Military Academy in 1964. Upon graduation, he was sent to serve in Vaziani (Transcaucasian Military District).
He was buried in his homeland - in the village of Chernotichi.

The second part of the squadron.
Captain Nikolay Filippenko died in September 1971.

The circumstances of his death could not be found out, however, they, most likely, are not related to the crash.
He graduated from the Kaczynski Military School in 1967.

Captain Konstantin Logvinenko died during a training flight while working out an air battle. It was not possible to find out the exact date of his death, as well as to find his photo.
According to the unconfirmed version, he was the son of the Soviet ace of the Great Patriotic War, Hero of the Soviet Union N.P.Logvinenko.

The personnel of the 35-th ORAE returned to their homeland in May-June 1972, and its planes were transferred to the Arab Air Force and continued to serve in the skies of the Middle East for many more years.
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must sign in.
  1. Volga Cossack
    Volga Cossack 16 January 2016 08: 45
    intelligence nevertheless .......... but thanks for the article ......
  2. Amurets
    Amurets 16 January 2016 09: 38
    More and more information is being revealed about the secret wars of the Soviet Union. And scouts are always more difficult.
  3. midshipman
    midshipman 16 January 2016 09: 49
    It was nice to see familiar faces and read about people who were respected by the whole country at that time. About these events, which I had to take part, I wrote an essay in "VO" "Creative business trip". We then learned how to fight, tested our military equipment, and most importantly instilled fear in the United States.
    I was engaged in the installation of MiG-25RB flight routes according to the PPM set from Moscow. The developer of this equipment was me. Even before that, on my MiG-21 plane, with my participation, an automatic landing was worked out right up to touching the GDP. And that was my Ph.D. In Egypt, I met and made friends with many future Air Force commanders. Later, when I was transferred to Moscow from Leningrad (NII-33), we worked very fruitfully. Thank you for the article. In the future, the same will be written about our guys from Syria. I have the honor.
  4. creak
    creak 16 January 2016 11: 20
    Along with the mentioned squadron, the 90th special reconnaissance special reconnaissance squadron (Tu-16P, Tu-16R, Il-38, Be-12) was based in Egypt. As the main task, it was assigned the task of additional reconnaissance of the AUG of the US Navy in the Mediterranean Sea.
    The aircraft also carried the identification mark of the Egyptian Air Force.
    American carrier-based attack aircraft repeatedly climbed to intercept our scouts and escorted them, however, no serious incidents were noted, because the pilots understood that any ill-considered action could have the most serious consequences ...
  5. Aleksandr1959
    Aleksandr1959 16 January 2016 13: 14
    Bezhevets Alexander Savvich (1929-2015)
    From 1959 to 1988 - on flight test work at the State Red Banner Scientific and Testing Institute of the Air Force. In 1975-1983, he was the head of the 1st Directorate, engaged in testing aircraft in Akhtubinsk, and in 1983-1988, the head of the 4th Directorate, which tested military transport aircraft and helicopters at the Chkalovsky airfield

    In 1970, Colonel Bezhevets led 63 separate aviation detachment, formed from the reconnaissance regiment of the Air Force of the Moscow Military District. In 1971, 63 OAO were sent to Egypt to carry out reconnaissance flights over the Sinai and Israel on the MiG-25R and MiG-25RB

    Aleksandr Savvich Bezhevets, together with another pilot pilot from Akhtuba, Nikolay Ilyich Stogov, took a direct part in the Arab-Israeli campaign. On the MiG-25RB, he made more than 40 combat sorties (of which at least two were over Israel). Repeated attempts were made to bring down his plane with enemy fighters Phantom and Mirage and Hawk anti-aircraft missile installations.
    Having a flight speed that was great at that time — about 3 thousand km / h and a significant practical ceiling — over 25000 meters, the Soviet reconnaissance aircraft was invulnerable to the enemy.
  6. NIKNN
    NIKNN 16 January 2016 13: 23
    Thank you for the article! He himself flew 21x including the MF, postalgized ... drinks
  7. Support
    Support 16 January 2016 13: 36
    People were .... Soviet hardening .... flints .... guys, alive - my deep respect, I would consider it an honor to drink with you and you just for Russia, the USSR and you, honest simple military plowmen, the rest - I have eternal memory, respect, honor .... (although I was only a simple conscript) ....
  8. Gray 43
    Gray 43 16 January 2016 13: 37
    Thanks to the author for the article, the typos were somewhat puzzling))) this is our story and the pilots are the heroes of their time
  9. wanderer_
    wanderer_ 16 January 2016 14: 50
    Thank you for the article. The topic of Egypt is familiar to our family, my father flew a Tu-16 ... I would like to wish everyone a peaceful sky above their heads, I think this is relevant today.
    1. wanderer_
      wanderer_ 16 January 2016 14: 55
      I haven’t been to the forum for a long time, I don’t understand why the Ukrainian flag, like the IP Russian, but the flag ... and you can’t remove it as before. Russia is already Crimea, although I have been living here for 17 years, it has never been Ukrainian.
  10. Aydin
    Aydin 16 January 2016 16: 36
    Quote: wanderer_
    I haven’t been to the forum for a long time, I don’t understand why the Ukrainian flag, like the IP Russian, but the flag ... and you can’t remove it as before. Russia is already Crimea, although I have been living here for 17 years, it has never been Ukrainian.

    because, in the article there were many Ukrainian surnames
    1. vladimirZ
      vladimirZ 16 January 2016 18: 33
      ... the article had many Ukrainian surnames

      I served in the ORAE as an airplane technician in Transbaikalia, Borzya, on the MIG-21RF.
      In 1975, when I was educated from the ORAE, 10 lieutenants were sent to us - graduates from the Chernigov Aviation School of Pilots, to the Air Reconnaissance Regiment (ORAP). So of these 10 pilots, only 2 were Russian, the rest were "Ukrainian surnames".
      Fighter flight schools were located on Ukrainian territory, and mainly Ukrainians entered there.
      And the rest of the flight crew, already in the regiment, we had mostly Ukrainian, there were few Russian pilots by nationality. Although at that time little attention was paid to who of what nationality.
  11. Aydin
    Aydin 16 January 2016 16: 41
    Quote: wanderer_
    I haven’t been to the forum for a long time, I don’t understand why the Ukrainian flag, like the IP Russian, but the flag ... and you can’t remove it as before. Russia is already Crimea, although I have been living here for 17 years, it has never been Ukrainian.

    And I generally have the US flag, although I also do not consider myself an American ...
  12. evge-malyshev
    evge-malyshev 16 January 2016 17: 57
    Yes ... There were people in OUR time ... Not that the current tribe: THE RICHES !!!
  13. Scraptor
    Scraptor 16 January 2016 20: 26
    "it is not clear" just why Skyhawk who was not knocked down by roofing felts and who was not restored to roofing felts should be recorded in the "most successful battle"
    therefore article minus
  14. RONIN-HS
    RONIN-HS 17 January 2016 00: 28
    I'll add "my 5 kopecks" to the topic.
    At the end of 1971 our "steamer" was loaded with rice in Alexandria for the Union. A couple of guys came on board, in civilian clothes, Russians. They said that our aviators are serving somewhere near Alexandria. They asked for help, we needed food (powdered milk, condensed milk), since the Arabs began to quietly survive ours from the ARE in the fall. For this, the supply of food was limited, and the pilots had families (children) with them. They offered to pay money, they had decent sums. Well, then we consulted with the Pompolit, he said that if the men did not mind, then he would not mind that each sailor took on a part of the products from the ship's artel and presented them.
    So did. They filled two or three large bags with condensed milk and five-liter cans of powdered milk. No money taken. Of course, they thanked us, but they were frustrated, because they could not pay. They said that most likely they will soon be removed to the Union.
    I do not remember, but what aircraft unit, they could not say the ess-but. Here is such a shade to the Arab-Soviet friendship. hi
  15. L92140
    L92140 17 January 2016 17: 15
    Egypt seems to have become very warm in recent years, smile how can you be on an excursion to the pyramids in dark buttoned jackets
    1. midshipman
      midshipman 17 January 2016 19: 42
      In January-February, the air temperature in 1972, when I had to be there, at night and in the morning was about + 10 degrees. In a number of cities, the first floors of the buildings were laid with sandbags. It was like in the frontline zone. In general, everyone was in uniform, but when leaving for excursions it was allowed to wear civilian clothes. I have the honor.
  16. Jääkorppi
    Jääkorppi 20 January 2016 10: 31
    As a result of the July battle of 1970, we lost 5 cars and shot down one Mirage, and even that one seemed to reach the airfield. I would like to elaborate on the combat activities of the squadrons.