Military Review

"Dolls for boys"

41
Mass domestic soldiers rather short история, about a hundred years before the revolution, domestic production was practically absent. Soldiers in those days, domestic handicraftsmen made of wood, and tin were supplied from abroad (Germany and Austria-Hungary), they were available only to the nobility. They let out paper ones, with which, as we know for certain, even little Volodya Ulyanov played ...


"Dolls for boys"

"Kolchak". 1920's

Although there was no idea in all these soldiers, they were “puppets for boys”. The enemy looked neutral - the same figure, just a uniform of a different color.

Under Soviet rule, ideological motifs appeared in the very first handicraft soldiers. The enemy was portrayed, he was recognizable, he was portrayed quite toughly - for example, Kolchak's officer shooting the peasants, or caricatured - in the form of a big-bellied bourgeoisie in a cylinder.

These were crafts of handicraftsmen and small private artels, the state was engaged first in overcoming the devastation, and then in the industrialization of the country - there was no time for toys, in particular, not for soldiers.

However, in the middle of the 1930-s, the soldiers became a truly state affair. The political leadership fully appreciated the role of the toy in educating not just a Soviet person, but a patriot, a future defender of the Motherland.

Issues of release of domestic soldiers were covered not only in the profile journal “Toys”, even the “Izvestia” of the Central Executive Committee of the USSR wrote about this.
In the journal "Toy" the list of authors was not just "star"! In addition to the all-Union famous heroes such as Valery Chkalov and Marina Raskova, the marshals Budyonny and Voroshilov acted as authors of articles about soldiers and military toys, and the articles of colonels and majors were published from number to number.

It is noteworthy that the authors paid great importance not only to the release of a military toy, but made demands on it as a practical guide, teaching, for example, the basics of artillery crew actions.

The military criticized the soldiers from the point of view of the credibility of the image of the soldier’s official duties, paid attention to the smallest, minor details, such as an extra stick at the big regimental drum, hurried the production workers.

From the end of the 1930-s, the soldiers of the Fine Arts from the factory of Gorky Park began to produce millions of copies. All this attention to the release of mass soldiers was not in vain - they turned out to be one of the bricks of our Victory.

When the war broke out, young soldiers and lieutenants, imagining themselves heroes in boyish games, became brave warriors, real patriots, inflexible defenders of their socialist fatherland ...


Soldiers from the Factory Gorky Park. End of 1930's

It was she who was Soviet youth, brought up on the books of Gaidar, who had played ideologically verified soldiers in her childhood, carried the brunt of the war on her young shoulders and paid for the Victory with her lives.

Search engines often “lift” out of the trenches, from rotten gymnasts and overcoats of old, oxidized 1930 aluminum soldiers — many soldiers and commanders took them with them. Perhaps they learned this tradition from Gaidar’s book The Commandant of the Snow Fort, where a boy gave a soldier to a Red Army soldier who was leaving for the Soviet-Finnish war, someone took to remember his children ...

Soviet pre-war soldiers fully fulfilled their mission and went to history. After the war, when the country rose from the ruins, healed wounds and built a new life, the production of soldiers was not subjected to strict ideological control - there were enough examples for military-patriotic education. They surrounded children at home, on the street, at school.

Soldiers, while remaining indispensable participants in boy games, were, as a rule, repetitions of their glorious pre-war predecessors.


Set "Horsemen 1812 of the Year." 1970 – 1980's

By the beginning of the 1960s, a tendency began to take shape, reflected in the minutes of meetings of artistic councils on the approval of toys that Soviet children do not need automatic machines, Tanks and soldiers, their education should take place exclusively in a peaceful manner ...

Fortunately, this trend did not last long, and the period in which Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev was in power, which unfairly is still sometimes called “stagnation,” became the truly “golden age” of Soviet soldiers.


Tachanka. 1970 – 1980's

More than twenty different sets were released for different periods of not only Soviet, but also Russian history:

“Russian Warriors”, “Ice Battle”, “Glory to the Russian arms"," 1812 Cavalry of the Year "," Red Cavalry "," Chapaevtsy "," The Sailors of October "," Soldiers of the Revolution "," Our Army ", etc. In general, from the middle of the 1960's to the middle of the 1980's, more types and circulations of soldiers descended from the conveyor than in the entire previous Soviet history, and in the entire history of our country ...

In the middle of 1980, in the years of “perestroika”, when with the emergence of cooperatives, the possibility of releasing soldiers without state participation arose, several enthusiastic soldiery tried to launch new sets, but this was prevented by their lack of entrepreneurial experience. The western 1970 – 1980-s sets were copied, and state-owned enterprises continued to produce their old designs.

At the same time, a real war began against the Soviet military toy, headed by the chief editor of the magazine Ogonek, an unkind memory - Vitaly Korotch. He invented the "Day of the destruction of military toys."


Cover of the magazine "Spark". 1990 year

Unfortunately, his initiative was picked up by the magazine Murzilka. A competition among children was announced - who will surrender more Soviet military toys for their subsequent destruction. This bacchanalia took place against the background of the loss by the Soviet Union of its position as a world power, which ended in the collapse of a great country.

After that, the “upbringing” of the younger generation was undertaken by Chinese and American manufacturers. The first flooded the country with cheap plastic warriors depicting the American army, the second began to introduce the cult of all kinds of devilry - spidermen and all the fantastic evil, which has taken root and remains on the shelves of shops and today.

Unfortunately, some domestic manufacturers have succumbed to this temptation. So, one of the companies along with all sorts of "cyberpunk-amazons", "cave trolls", ninjas and samurai released a completely flagrant set of "Arrow - Shootout".

The heroes of this, if I may say so, toys were monstrous figures depicting gangsters and the same brutish policemen.

What could these soldiers teach? Who bring up? In the 2004 year, when, unexpectedly for myself, I began to produce toy soldiers, all these thoughts did not occur to me, and they could not come. I just wanted to make normal toy soldiers, whom I played in my childhood, I wanted to make such figures, which I lacked then, which I dreamed of.

No most important tasks stood before me. But from year to year, plunging deeper and deeper into the subject, I began to understand how important the soldiers are for the child, for his upbringing a real patriot, a man who is ready to defend himself, his family, his country.


"Hooray!". Company of the guard of honor. 2009 year


At first, our company dealt only with historical themes that our Soviet predecessors did not fully disclose, without at all touching the realities of the modern army and, all the more, the events of modern history.

But life itself made us turn to the topic of modern military conflicts - too fundamentally, too uncompromisingly, confronting Russia with today's challenges, and we must reflect it so that children have clear guidelines before their eyes, to distinguish good from evil.
Until recently, the “heroes” of the modern history of Russia were gangsters and prostitutes, children of oligarchs and thieves who despise labor, pop culture figures of the lowest degree ...


"Hooray!". Battle on the Ice. 2013 year

Therefore, when in 2014, we saw real heroes - “polite people”, the militia of Novorossia, who took up arms to protect their land from neo-fascists, this required immediate implementation.

Even more surprised by the reaction of buyers to these soldiers. These figures became necessary for those who had never before bought soldiers or their children, much less themselves. Thus, people identified themselves with modern events, they wanted to somehow be part of the real heroes of our time.

Now we see our task not only to fully reflect in the soldiers the history of Russia's military glory, but also to pay tribute to current events, to show not only the after-death, but also the lifetime glory of real heroes.


"Hooray!". "Thank you, I am no longer a kit." 2014 year

Now the state does not pay due attention to such a powerful educational tool as soldiers and military toys, although in 2011, at a meeting of the Book Chamber, in his speech, Russian President Vladimir Putin said bitterly: “We don’t even release soldiers” ...


"Hooray!". Soldiers of New Russia. 2014 year

From time to time, this topic is raised by Dmitry Rogozin, Vladimir Zhirinovsky, who offered to set up the release of vanek-vanek as a symbol of the Russian soldier ... Unfortunately, it did not go further than good wishes about the release of military toys. But, in my deep conviction, none of the citizens of Russia should wait for help from the state, but help him himself. In my opinion, this is our duty.

Being citizens of a great country, we must bear the burden and difficulties of this burden on a par with it - it has been like this in Russia at all times, and it will be so. It is necessary not to lament, but to work. There is a battle for minds and souls, a battle for history, which the supporters of the unipolar world and their followers are shamelessly trying to distort in their favor.


"Hooray!". Sturm Konigsberg. 2015 year

Our task is to materialize our past, to embody the images of our heroic ancestors and contemporaries in metal, so that current and future generations are proud of their homeland and are always ready to defend it.
Author:
Originator:
http://историк.рф/special_posts/куклы-для-мальчиков/
41 comment
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must to register.

I have an account? Sign in

  1. Koshak
    Koshak 17 January 2016 05: 36 New
    10
    Well done, that's right! Good luck soldier
  2. parusnik
    parusnik 17 January 2016 07: 55 New
    14
    “Russian Warriors”, “Battle of the Ice”, “Glory to Russian Arms”, “Cavalry of 1812”, “Red Cavalry”, “Chapaevtsy”, “Sailors of the October Revolution”, “Soldiers of the Revolution”, “Our Army”... And I had such sets ....Our task is to materialize our past, to embody the images of our heroic ancestors and contemporaries in metal, so that current and future generations are proud of their homeland and are always ready to defend it...That's right Timur!
    1. Nagaibak
      Nagaibak 17 January 2016 08: 19 New
      +9
      parusnik"«Русские воины», «Ледовое побоище», «Слава русскому оружию», «Конница 1812 года», «Красная конница», «Чапаевцы», «Матросы Октября», «Солдаты революции», «Наша армия»...А у меня были такие наборы.."

      My mom kept it.))) Far from everything, of course, was preserved. Some of them died in battles and campaigns. Someone lost his head and other parts of his body in fierce battles with enemies.))) Veterans are still in service.)) I ordered a closet, I will expose it ... enough for them to lie in the boxes for years. The DZI soldiers of the Donetsk toy factory were good, they were released under the license of Louis Marx and Company from the English concern DCM (Dunbee-Combex-Marx). They bought forms from the company and released them in Donetsk.
      1. inkass_98
        inkass_98 17 January 2016 09: 25 New
        +5
        Моя коллекция "погибла" в период моего обучения в универе soldier : mother gave everything that had accumulated to the children of acquaintances while I was in another city. The story with aircraft models also ended - upon moving to Krasnodar he gave all his models to his nephew, where they disappeared.
        1. Nagaibak
          Nagaibak 17 January 2016 09: 40 New
          +8
          Who would know.))) Now they are worth the money. Different money. For example ... The Ice Slaughter set is in good condition, as I’ve probably heard 15 rubles now.)) Hmm ... but I dreamed about this in childhood.))) But, we have them (produced by the Leningrad carburetor plant)))) - was not.))) But the Donetsk and the rest were.
      2. Pig
        Pig 17 January 2016 10: 49 New
        +3
        there were still Indians - Seminole, Comanche ... with all the paraphernalia
        all squeak !!!
        1. Nagaibak
          Nagaibak 17 January 2016 11: 00 New
          +2
          Свин"были ещё индейцы - семинолы,команчи...со всей атрибутикой
          вообще писк!!!"
          I remember the rubber production of the GDR. And a set of Donetsk without an Indian wounded by an arrow. And cowboys were called nothing more than cowboys.)))
  3. Nagaibak
    Nagaibak 17 January 2016 07: 55 New
    +4
    Timur Zamilov well done! Operates quickly.)) Beat Caliber.)))
  4. Nagaibak
    Nagaibak 17 January 2016 07: 57 New
    +3
    Su 34 in Syria.
  5. The comment was deleted.
  6. Nagaibak
    Nagaibak 17 January 2016 08: 00 New
    +3
    And more ... a blow to Isil.
  7. Cap.Morgan
    Cap.Morgan 17 January 2016 10: 03 New
    +2
    Soldiers, whoever said anything, were bad in Soviet times.
    Flat, static ...
    Military vehicles were more interesting.
    There was also a magnificent series of GDR production equipment. I remember the PT-76, a transporter truck with a rocket .... the whole army was ...
    1. Nagaibak
      Nagaibak 17 January 2016 10: 41 New
      +6
      Cap.Morgan"Солдатики, кто бы что не говорил, в советское время были плохими.
      Плоские, статичные..."
      The soldiers were different. Flat were also different. Is the ice battle bad?))) C'mon. And what was the bad production of the Astersov factory of metal toys. Or Donetsk than bad? They were not flat. Although not quite ours.))) But we did play with them.
      1. Cap.Morgan
        Cap.Morgan 17 January 2016 21: 08 New
        0
        The massacre was flat of plastic. No coloring.
        Others did not sell with us.
        1. Nagaibak
          Nagaibak 18 January 2016 11: 56 New
          0
          Cap.Morgan"Другие у нас не продавали."
          I understand we were the same. A LKZ production was rare and did not reach the Urals. I didn't have it either. But I saw him and always dreamed of buying it.
      2. Aljavad
        Aljavad 17 January 2016 23: 07 New
        0
        Or Donetsk than bad? They were not flat. Although not quite ours.))) But we did play with them.


        1. THEN they were ALL of ours.
        2 Few released them. I had to go to Donetsk to buy. (Maybe in Moscow-Petersburg yet?)

        There was a deficit around!
        1. Nagaibak
          Nagaibak 18 January 2016 11: 49 New
          0
          Альджавад"2 Мало их выпускали. Надо было в Донецк ехать, чтоб купить. (Может в Москве-Питере ещё?)"
          I was lucky we had half the class from Donetsk was.))) Orders and exchanges did the trick.)))
    2. RUSS
      RUSS 17 January 2016 11: 47 New
      14
      Quote: Cap.Morgan
      Military vehicles were more interesting.

      Военные и гражданские игрушечные машинки были не "убиваемые" сделанные из метала,помню в детсаде мы на них катались как на тележках laughing
    3. RUSS
      RUSS 17 January 2016 11: 51 New
      +3
      Quote: Cap.Morgan
      Soldiers, whoever said anything, were bad in Soviet times.
      Flat, static ...

      I do not agree, it was precisely the voluminous sets of soldiers (knights) that were more than modern for today.
  8. ALEA IACTA EST
    ALEA IACTA EST 17 January 2016 10: 08 New
    +6
    Какие были баталии!.. Куликово поле, Аустерлиц, Бородино, штурм тумбочки-"Рейхстага"... winked
  9. Volga Cossack
    Volga Cossack 17 January 2016 10: 25 New
    +4
    good article!!! we all come from childhood!
  10. cap
    cap 17 January 2016 10: 55 New
    +6
    Believe it or not, all the soldiers and models of military equipment that he himself assembled, left to serve, and presented to a neighbor boy. His father worked at the post office, a postman who brought my letters to my mother.
    What do you think he has become. Guessed it. The officer.
    Hence the NATO soldiers. Think who it should be. Dolls are especially contraindicated for boys. In Europe, they don’t write sex at birth, they say he will grow up and decide who to be. Marasmus grows stronger.
  11. Nagaibak
    Nagaibak 17 January 2016 11: 04 New
    10
    Создатель набора солдатиков "Ледовое побоище" и других.
    Lev Samsonovich Razumovsky.
    Такие люди не могли плохих солдатиков создавать.))) Из вики."Родился и жил в Ленинграде.
    Пережил блокаду города. В ноябре 1943 года ушёл на фронт. 11 июля 1944 года в боях при наступлении на Петрозаводск автоматчик 1080-го стрелкового полка 310-й стрелковой дивизии красноармеец Л. С. Разумовский был тяжело ранен, потерял руку. Награждён орденом Славы III степени."
    The sculptor was with one hand.
  12. RomanS
    RomanS 17 January 2016 11: 22 New
    +1
    The right topic, and timely! And for these words:
    But, in my deep conviction, no Russian citizen should wait for help from the state, but help him himself. In my opinion, this is our duty.

    Being citizens of a great country, we must bear the burden and difficulties of this burden on a par with it - it has been like this in Russia at all times, and it will be so. It is necessary not to lament, but to work. There is a battle for minds and souls, a battle for history, which the supporters of the unipolar world and their followers are shamelessly trying to distort in their favor.
    , bow to the author!
  13. RUSS
    RUSS 17 January 2016 11: 56 New
    +6
    Thanks to the author for the article, I remembered my childhood, the games of soldiers, we played such battles, real medieval battles!
    1. Vladimirets
      Vladimirets 17 January 2016 17: 14 New
      +1
      Quote: RUSS
      real medieval battles!

      I mainly had soldiers from the Second World War or Civil War.
  14. Polkovodetz
    Polkovodetz 17 January 2016 11: 56 New
    +3
    Many thanks to the author! Wonderful business, success and further growth!
    Нашел каталог "Ура!", замечательные миниатюры делают, особенно радует что и цены на них вполне посильны.
    http://www.toy-soldiers.ru/
  15. Alex
    Alex 17 January 2016 14: 21 New
    +8
    Молодцы, ребята! Всё правильно, никто, кроме нас самих, нас защищать не будет. Может, ещё и увижу время, когда опять на полках ребят будут стоять не только "Тигры" и "Абрамсы", но и наши Т-34 и КВ, а вместо Суперменов с Бетменами кавалеристы Первой Конной и бойцы одесской морской пехоты.
  16. Captain Angry
    Captain Angry 17 January 2016 17: 09 New
    +5
    На солдатиках и книгах А.Митяева "Книга будущих командиров" и "Книга будущих адмиралов" выросло не одно поколение будущих офицеров. Хороших солдатиков очень не хватает- их просто никто не выпускает,не знал,что даже В.Путин это отметил. Хотелось бы пожелать удачи тем предпринимателям, которые выпускают отечественную военную игрушку, к тому же это в любом виде является производством, ну а уж тематике будущих наборов с нашей военной историей можно только позавидовать.
    1. 78bor1973
      78bor1973 18 January 2016 01: 25 New
      +3
      Mityaeva in the fifth grade in the library read to the holes, and now, in old age, I’ve been doing soldiers! Photo is clickable!
      1. Nagaibak
        Nagaibak 18 January 2016 11: 47 New
        0
        The same story ...))) Only mostly flat.
      2. Army soldier2
        Army soldier2 19 January 2016 09: 53 New
        0
        Thanks to the forum users! I meant, warmly recalling my tin soldiers from childhood, not sick!
        In the middle of the 2000, he bought a gun and artillery figures (on the right in the photo) in a store on Bolshaya Yakimanka as a gift to the son of an American major. So daddy declared them a work of art and took away from his son. lol
      3. The comment was deleted.
    2. Kars
      Kars 18 January 2016 01: 38 New
      +3
      Цитата: капитан Злой
      Книга будущих адмиралов"

      The first book that was presented to me is still only all torn up.
  17. Type 63
    Type 63 17 January 2016 17: 56 New
    +3
    The factory in Donetsk once made very good soldiers.
  18. gendir.grifon
    gendir.grifon 17 January 2016 21: 08 New
    +3
    Thanks to the author for the article! Well, right in Soviet childhood returned. I had so many soldiers, more than one hundred and fifty, plus tanks and planes! In short, a small victorious army. I counted them all, admired them, built fortresses for them, arranged battles. Nostalgia, in general ... And then after school I went to a military school, served in uniform for more than 20 years, though in other departments. It would seem a trifle, soldiers, and a great influence on the boys.
  19. Cap.Morgan
    Cap.Morgan 17 January 2016 21: 11 New
    +4
    I did not have such toys (((((((
    1. RUSS
      RUSS 17 January 2016 21: 34 New
      +2
      Quote: Cap.Morgan
      I did not have such toys (((((((

      I had only a tank and then with a broken gun. laughing
      1. Cap.Morgan
        Cap.Morgan 17 January 2016 22: 35 New
        +1
        Well, I still have a T-34 and there was a forty. And a KRAZ truck with an awning. And the boys and I played ...
        But, of course, now is another matter ....
  20. vetluga
    vetluga 17 January 2016 22: 42 New
    +2
    Thanks for the article, nostalgia. In childhood, I dreamed about recruiting the Battle of the Ice, but never bought it. He collected all sorts, there were more than 200, in his youth he took him to his grandmother so as not to throw out where they disappeared. And now the children have other soldiers, computer, unfortunately.
  21. Aljavad
    Aljavad 17 January 2016 23: 00 New
    +5
    Спасибо, Тимур! Не за статью. За работу! Дело очень нужное. Из таких вот "бирюлек" и вырастает патриотизм!
    I wish you creative success. And expansion of production.

    PS: What kind of nymphosoria of pseudopodia rose - minus an article ????
    1. Nagaibak
      Nagaibak 18 January 2016 11: 51 New
      +1
      Альджавад"ЗЫ: У какой же это нимфозории псевдоподия поднялась - минусануть статью????"
      Ushlepkov always enough.
  22. Ulan
    Ulan 1 November 2016 20: 47 New
    0
    Oh sorry, I missed the topic, and I myself am making soldiers. Although it is called differently - a military-historical miniature.