Military Review

Unknown China. Analytical reference guide

57

“Wars and revolutions do not solve problems. The only solution is the industrial revolution, industry and capital. China knows how war and crisis are dangerous for its economy, and it will never get involved in crisis or war. ”

(From the speech of General Qiao Liang to the graduates of the Defense University of China, July 2015)


China removed the oil platform from the disputed area in the South China Sea due to disagreements with Vietnam. The islands of Kuandao are still considered the territorial possessions of China, and the armed forces of the Middle Kingdom have absolute superiority over the army of the southern neighbor. Yet China retreated. “Bent over.” Modern Chinese doctrine does not allow waging war even on its own shores, not to mention the overseas continents.

The fighting in the Taiwan Strait has not been heard for decades. Once one of the “hot spots” of the planet has become a bridge between the two leading economies. The annual trade between China and Taiwan exceeded 200 billion dollars. A couple more decades, and the “rebel island” itself will fall into China, like a ripe pear.

China has set the right priorities.

It is better to keep the enemy’s state intact than to crush it. Because a hundred times to fight and a hundred times to win is not the best; the best of the best is to conquer a foreign army without fighting.

Lao Zi, 4th century BC

Economy - the military way of General Qiao Liang. His main weapon - New Silk Road. China’s full integration into world markets, in which the PRC will put all its competitors on its shoulder blades.

Many of the facts below can cause surprise. But that's how legends and superpowers are born. And today we have the honor to observe with our own eyes the unstoppable growth of the Asian giant.

The population of 171 Chinese metropolis has already exceeded a million people. By 2025, the number of such million-plus cities should increase to 220. By this time, they should be resettled to 300 million Chinese peasants.



China has the world's largest network of high-speed highways (123 thousand km), with a total length of the PRC roads over 4 million kilometers. Here is the world's largest network of high-speed railways, whose length, in total, exceeds the length of high-speed railway lines in Europe and Japan.

Seven of the ten largest container container sea terminals are located on the coast of China. The first place is held by the Shanghai deep-water port of Yanshan, whose cargo turnover reaches 35 million containers per year.

Of the 40 largest cable-stayed bridges in the world, 20 has been transferred across the Yangtze River. The largest hydraulic structure on the planet, the Three Gorges hydroelectric station, was also erected there.

In 2016, China plans to commission a record-breaking bridge in the open ocean, connecting Hong Kong, Zhuhai and Macau (50 kilometers). It is this place in the Pearl River Delta in the south-east of China, according to forecasts, will be the largest metropolis of the future.

In 2015, at Sun Yat-sen University in Guangzhou, contrary to the worldwide ban, it was first modified by the human embryo genome. There, in the National Computing Center in Guangzhou, the world's most powerful supercomputer (Tianhe-2) operates.

China's economic expansion has spilled far beyond East Asia. Red Dragon entered the real struggle for the Black Continent. To date, Chinese state corporations have seized most of the African assets and subdued the mood of the African establishment. Their efforts were the longest road in East Africa ($ 300 million). A hydroelectric power station was built in Ghana ($ 700 million) and a mega-mosque in Algeria with a capacity of 120 thousand (built by the state-owned company China State Construction Engeneering, the cost of the project is $ 1,3 billion). Angola has become the third largest supplier of oil to China. Last fall, information appeared about the creation of a Chinese naval base in Djibouti.

The epoch of the new colonization of Africa has finally found its shape, with China’s philosophy of “soft power” and complete political neutrality. Investments in exchange for resources.

Russia in the perspective of the emergence of China as a new “superpower”

According to a certificate prepared by the Ministry of Economic Development of the Russian Federation, as of September 2015, Russia occupied the 15-place in the list of the most important trading partners of China. With the prospect of slipping into 16-th place, which was “successfully” stated at the end of last year.

Among the most high-profile business projects in the field of Russian-Chinese cooperation was a plan announced last year to pump Fr. Baikal. According to Buryat media, the design capacity of the enterprise in the village. Vydrino will be 2 million tons of water per year. The “Earth Well” trademark is already registered in Chinese and English.

What is the future of Russia in the era of the rise of China? Who are we for each other? True ally or restless eastern neighbor? Strategic partner or a regular “gas station”?

Among the positive moments there is a coincidence of the development vectors of the Russian and Chinese economies now and in the foreseeable future. In addition to the import of hydrocarbon raw materials, China is still interested in cooperation in high-tech industries, including nuclear technology and aerospace technology. The PRC supports any foreign policy initiatives of Russia, or at least does not in any way prevent their implementation in the world.

The notorious “annexation of Siberia” has not yet received worthy evidence. Optimists associate this phenomenon with the peace-loving policy of the PRC, also referring to Chinatowns in American cities. Despite the tenfold large number and keen reluctance to integrate, the presence of millions of Chinese did not lead to any disastrous consequences for the United States.

Pessimistic researchers suggest recalling the Soviet-Chinese armed conflict on Fr. Damansky, the occupation of Tibet and the harsh suppression of the speeches of the Uyghur communities in northeastern China. Conclusions to do early, modern China is only gaining momentum.

According to VTsIOM, over half of Russians (51%) consider China to be the most friendly country towards us. But how well do we know each other?

Can you name five Chinese cities with a population of more than 10 million? It is not necessary to dissemble and watch tips on the Internet. Most of us hardly ever heard of Chunqing and Tianjin. How many books of Chinese authors have been translated into Russian? How many of them have you read? Anyone from your friends will be able to read the inscription from the Chinese characters?

Our socio-cultural differences go back centuries. Which of historical and literary images are more familiar to a Russian person: Julius Caesar or Qin Shi Huang? Lovely Elena or Yang Guifei? The great commander Hannibal or his Chinese counterpart Zhuge Liang?

In the case of contact with the Middle Kingdom, we are dealing with an exotic Eastern civilization with its own, in many respects alien to us, philosophy, and view of the world. And the main question of the cataclysm: can we adequately accept this challenge and find our place in the changed world?
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  1. The comment was deleted.
    1. Bennert
      Bennert 13 January 2016 07: 13
      +1
      Quote: Mera Joota
      namely, for the islands of this archipelago, the Chinese Navy fought with Vietnam

      There was a naval battle? What are the losses of the parties?
      1. The comment was deleted.
        1. marshes
          marshes 13 January 2016 16: 36
          +1
          Quote: Sveles
          Are you going to pump Baikal? and cut down forests

          Baikal is pumped out in bottled water. smile
          So they gathered in Kazakhstan to plant saxaul. And that the winds through the Dzungar gate, they carry sand. There further XUAR and Beijing. And who is to blame? The Amu Darya does not reach the Aral Sea, Syrdarya is "tears". Irtysh and Or part of the sewage is taken in China for their own needs. What remains is the sand.
    2. Bongo
      Bongo 13 January 2016 07: 21
      +8
      Quote: Mera Joota
      However, with regards to the Spratly archipelago, this is not observed, namely for the islands of this archipelago the Chinese Navy fought with Vietnam.

      Of course, they fought loudly, as far as I know in 1988 there was an armed clash between the warships of the Vietnamese Navy and the PRC, from which the Chinese emerged victorious. In addition to the Spratly Islands, the PRC annexed the Paracel Islands during the Vietnam War, knocking out the South Vietnamese garrison.

      Publication for Oleg Kaptsov is atypical "+", and was read with interest. But do not confuse the peacefulness of the Chinese with pragmatism.
      1. good7
        good7 13 January 2016 08: 46
        +3
        For me, beautiful neighbors with an amazing culture! The Far East and survived in the 90s only thanks to China! Yes, illegal timber trade, shuttle business, may not be good for the country! But when your children need to eat about morality you’ll be the last to blow!
        1. Mera joota
          Mera joota 13 January 2016 09: 10
          +8
          Quote: good7
          For me, beautiful neighbors with an amazing culture! The Far East and survived in the 90s only thanks to China!

          Although it is customary to blame the "damned west" for the destruction of the USSR's industry in the 90s, only China is really to blame. The flow of cheap consumer goods from China destroyed our light industry, the production of household appliances, etc.
          But not only that. How was production destroyed? Near the plant, non-ferrous metal reception points open and that's it, the end of the plant. Who organized the reception of non-ferrous metals from Russia? China. All the scrap of colormet went to China.
          Where do synthetic drugs displacing Afghan heroin come from? From China, where components are produced at state enterprises and ordered by Russian post.
          That damn ally ...
          1. blizart
            blizart 13 January 2016 09: 25
            11
            Although it is customary to blame the "damned west" for the destruction of the USSR's industry in the 90s, only China is really to blame. The flow of cheap consumer goods from China destroyed our light industry, the production of household appliances, etc.
            Yes, only this consequence! Before this, we all destroyed our statehood. By the way, do not forget about the period when our sincere and grateful friend than China did not have a common state in the past. About how we overslept (with the letter p), such a great reserve of good relations is very instructive to read.
          2. good7
            good7 13 January 2016 09: 35
            +1
            Russians have no money for synthetic drugs and heroin too! It is more profitable to sell it in China, where the sales market is larger and the solvency of the population is higher! The only thing they bring him to Russia because of soft laws and that’s it!
          3. El-bog
            El-bog 14 January 2016 02: 02
            0
            Light industry (clothing production) and the production of household appliances in the USSR were very, very poorly developed. China has nothing to do with it
      2. Vivan
        Vivan 13 January 2016 08: 55
        +2
        On January 19, 1974, Chinese Marines knocked out South Vietnamese soldiers from the Paracel Islands. Losses of parties are estimated at 4-5 dozen on each side. The leadership of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam remained completely silent.

        On March 14, 1988, a Chinese warship sank 2 Vietnamese transport ships and shot 64 Vietnamese soldiers on one of the reefs of the Spratly Archipelago. The Vietnamese did not fire a single shot, following the order of the then Minister of Defense Le Duc Anya: “In any case, do not open fire!”
        1. Bennert
          Bennert 13 January 2016 09: 19
          +1
          Quote: Vivan
          On January 19, 1974, Chinese Marines knocked out South Vietnamese soldiers from the Paracel Islands. Losses of parties are estimated at 4-5 dozen on each side. The leadership of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam remained completely silent.

          On March 14, 1988, a Chinese warship sank 2 Vietnamese transport ships and shot 64 Vietnamese soldiers on one of the reefs of the Spratly Archipelago.

          Mb Remember the Qing Dynasty wars?

          However, you are absolutely right. China is far from peaceful. In the east, it is customary to wait
      3. sherp2015
        sherp2015 13 January 2016 11: 15
        +4
        Quote: Bongo
        The publication for Oleg Kaptsov is atypical "+", and was read with interest. But do not confuse the peacefulness of the Chinese with pragmatism.


        You have to be very careful with China ...
  2. Bennert
    Bennert 13 January 2016 07: 12
    12
    China is Russia's deadly friend

    While the jingoistic patriots repeat with joyful fury how they and China are bombing the State Department for a couple of times, the trade turnover between China and the United States has reached $ 0,6 trillion a year. The two superpowers have come together in the economic battle for world domination, and we have chosen an ally with whom we have nothing to do. No joint strategic projects, no goals, no interests, not even any common language, culture or religion. We do not have anything in common. Even in terms of the volume of trade, we are in 16th place for China. What kind of "cooperation" are we talking about?

    This Asian trend will cost Russia dearly
    1. Alex_59
      Alex_59 13 January 2016 08: 07
      18
      Quote: BENNERT
      While the cheers patriots with joyful fury are repeating how they and China will bomb the State Department for a couple

      These are not patriots, these are schoolchildren.
      Quote: BENNERT
      The two superpowers clashed in an economic battle for world domination, and we chose an ally with whom we have nothing in common.

      This is somewhat more complicated. Not just "we chose", but this is the result of the resultant force from different directions. First, we were kicked hard from the west - not we kicked, but we were kicked. Are we stirring up coups in Mexico? No, they are the ones who stir up coups on our borders. Secondly, friendship with China is not stupid in itself.
      Quote: BENNERT
      No joint strategic projects, no goals, no interests, not even any commonality of language, culture or religion.

      Quite right. But those with whom we have a common language, culture and religion for some reason look at us like bacon and for an animate being with its own "I" do not really want to recognize.
      Quote: BENNERT
      This Asian trend will cost Russia dearly

      Undoubtedly. It is very expensive and painful to have an opinion and defend the right to live as you want, and not as you are told. Sometimes they hit in the face.
      1. Bennert
        Bennert 13 January 2016 09: 44
        -2
        Quote: Alex_59
        Firstly, we were kicked a lot from the West - not we kicked, but we kicked.

        What exactly did you personally kicked in?

        Sanctions are child's play, Russia is too tightly integrated into the world economy. The "top" never knew any problems, VVP is still shaking hands with Obama, Abramovich hangs out in London, Melnichenko is building a yacht for half a billion non-rubles at a Polish shipyard (Sailing Yacht A). So much for the sanctions.

        Moreover, the sanctions themselves and import substitution could, on the contrary, be of a health-promoting nature. The problem is not in the sanctions, but in the fall in oil prices. The problem is in the oil structure of the Russian economy, for 15 years nothing has been created that could seriously affect the situation and get off the "oil needle". Who's to blame? of course the West.
        Quote: Alex_59
        Secondly, friendship with China is not stupidity in itself.

        In friendship, there are no other calculations, except for herself - said Michel de Montaigne

        But there are no friends in the geopolitical arena. There are partners, overlords, vassals, colonies, and rogue states. Who is Russia in relation to China, taking into account all the above facts, I don’t want to draw a conclusion now. I hope, sooner or later, we will change the situation in our favor.
        Quote: Alex_59
        But those with whom we have a common language, culture and religion for some reason look at us like bacon and for an animate being with its own "I" do not really want to recognize.

        I mean they don’t want to. Russian is Russian. Russia is Russia. What do you want more?
        Quote: Alex_59
        It is very expensive and painful to have an opinion and defend the right to live as you want, and not as you are told. Sometimes they hit in the face.

        Well then, good luck; China will show you how to live. And this is not a soft, tolerant West at the beginning of the XNUMXst century, the Chinese will eat everything and everyone in their path
        1. Alex_59
          Alex_59 13 January 2016 10: 41
          +3
          Quote: BENNERT
          The problem is in the oil structure of the Russian economy, for 15 years nothing has been created that could seriously affect the situation and get off the "oil needle".
          Yes, this is bad, no one argues. What conclusions? To arrange a revolution so that Putin does not greet Obama, Abramovich did not hang out in London, Melnichenko did not build a yacht? Look for other students for such nonsense.

          Quote: BENNERT
          And who is to blame? Of course the West.
          No, not the West. Putin is to blame. But we do not have a better Putin yet.
          Quote: BENNERT
          I hope, sooner or later, we will change the situation in our favor.
          You are not. We Russians will not let you Americans change the situation in our favor.

          Quote: BENNERT
          I mean they don’t want to. Russian is Russian. Russia is Russia. What do you want more?
          From your article, I understand that you are emphasizing what a deep chasm between Chinese and Russian culture. Then with whom do we not have such an abyss? That's right - with the "west". We, Russia, are still part of Western culture (globally - Christian). But the problem is that we are a very distinctive part of the Christian "Western" culture. And the rest of this most Western culture in the person of (let's say so, so to speak) Catholics-Protestants for some reason considers us meat and does not want to recognize us as their own. Well, he doesn’t want to, duck doesn’t want to, we will survive this unrequited love.
          Quote: BENNERT
          And this is not a soft, tolerant West of the beginning of the 21st century.

          Where do you get these pills? Tolerant West bombed Libya, Iraq?
          Quote: BENNERT
          the Chinayoses will devour everything and everyone in their path
          How scary!
          1. Bennert
            Bennert 13 January 2016 11: 12
            +2
            Quote: Alex_59
            Yes, this is bad, no one argues. What conclusions?

            To get off an oil needle. Russia, due to a number of incorrigible climatic conditions, cannot compete with China and Malaysia in the agricultural, light and textile industries

            Our path - products with a high level of processing, aircraft manufacturing, export military industry, space, nuclear technology - that is what the Russians always did best. I'm not talking about IT anymore - Yandex, Kaspersky

            And not to rely on Chinese friends, selling them oil and water from Baikal for next to nothing, is a shame. What is the trend now - we will quarrel with Europe, we will sell oil to China, "the power of Siberia", this is the way out request
            Quote: Alex_59
            . But we do not have a better Putin yet.

            It seems to me that in Russia there are a lot of people who would look no worse in his place. Or maybe even better.

            Usually they ask: if not he, then who? here's an example for you - Vladislav Zhukovsky

            Quote: Alex_59
            But the problem is that we are a very distinctive part of the Christian "Western" culture.

            Russian culture became great when all of it - and Russian science, and Russian literature, and Russian music and painting, from Lomonosov to Landau, from Pushkin to Tolstoy, from Bryullov to Mussorgsky - became part of Western culture.

            Go out and read the surrounding signs in a row. Bosco, Evalar, Incom-Real Estate, Balkan Express, BM-estate, Lonsdale store, Ortobest salon, Transmegapolis, Universaltour, Massimo Dutti, TJ collection, Braccialini, Adamas, Rendezvous, Rosbank ”. Wow! Not a single “Shiva”, not a single “Barakat”, not a single “Guanyin”, and even, quite surprisingly, a clear deficit of “Ilya Muromets”, “Sadko” and “Domostroy”.

            Any modern dynamically developing civilization is a layer of centuries-old cultural borrowings, and ethnography and anthropology have been engaged in “original cultures” since the XNUMXth century. They are. But only among the Papuans.
            Quote: Alex_59
            Tolerant West bombed Libya, Iraq?

            China will be even harder
            1. sa-ag
              sa-ag 13 January 2016 11: 42
              +1
              Quote: BENNERT
              Russia, due to a number of incorrigible climatic conditions, cannot compete with China and Malaysia in the agricultural, light and textile industries

              And what then did the USSR produce and not bother about the climatic conditions?
            2. Alex_59
              Alex_59 13 January 2016 11: 50
              +3
              Quote: BENNERT
              Russian culture became great when all of it - and Russian science, and Russian literature, and Russian music and painting, from Lomonosov to Landau, from Pushkin to Tolstoy, from Bryullov to Mussorgsky - became part of Western culture.

              Strongly disagree. Russian culture has always been great, and that’s the point. We did not cut the Indians, and in the bath we washed when Madrid fed the plague.
              I meant something else - that we are part of the global European branch of human development. It does not make us smaller or greater. It only says that in general we are closer and more understandable to live with Europeans than with Asians. This is an unsigned fact. Just a fact.
              Quote: BENNERT
              China will be even harder
              Sabbat Wangoy? Why is China going to be tougher? Based on what such a conclusion? Just because there are a lot of them and scary? Fascist Germany was such a cutie, and the business woman did that all Chinese people stand on end. No logic. What will be China no one knows. And if China wanted to eat Russia, he would already have done it. There were chances.
            3. Alex_59
              Alex_59 13 January 2016 12: 20
              +1
              Quote: BENNERT
              It seems to me that in Russia there are a lot of people who would look no worse in his place. Or maybe even better.

              Usually they ask: if not he, then who? here's an example for you - Vladislav Zhukovsky

              I listened. I did not hear anything new. I agree with Mr. Zhukovsky. As a matter of fact, hi to Kudrin and the Gaidars, who set this vector in your favorite 90s (when we supposedly built the ships of the ugly one). Putin is not a god, why he still has not demolished this economic system - I do not know, maybe not everything is in his power, in any case, it’s minus him. However, I cannot introduce Mr. Zhukovsky as president. Obama will bite his arm off his arm. It is not enough to be a competent economist. Here the teeth are needed.
    2. good7
      good7 13 January 2016 08: 49
      +7
      Thank you, friendship with American friends cost us even more, the loss of the USSR, the war in Chechnya, a humanitarian catastrophe and more! Dear USA, your friends, Saudis, are rubbing them on a common religion and culture!
    3. blizart
      blizart 13 January 2016 09: 11
      +3
      The two superpowers clashed in an economic battle for world domination, and we chose an ally with whom we have nothing in common. No joint strategic projects, no goals, no interests, not even any commonality of language, culture or religion.
      They (China and the United States) did not come together in battle, but rather in a clinch. Do you know in boxing? It seems that it is necessary to detach, but you are afraid to miss the blow. This situation is connected with the development of the world in the recent period, all this is known to knowledgeable people so much that there is no need to stop. In response to your comment about the lack of common culture, language, etc., we can say that they do not have this with the Americans either. Moreover, they live on different continents, unlike you, which determines your inevitable coexistence and whether it will be peaceful depends not only on them, but also on you. And we are all around, forced only to observe the "body movements" of the two giants, and you know this, perhaps the biggest cause for our concern. Therefore, I disaccustomed my daughter from a Russian wife in China at the philological faculty.
      1. voyaka uh
        voyaka uh 13 January 2016 11: 18
        +2
        for blizart:
        "To your comment about the lack of common culture, language, etc.,
        we can say that they do not have this with the Americans either. "////

        Common culture, language - no, you're right.
        But they [the Chinese and the Americans] have something in common: a passion for making money and trading.
        For the sake of mutual profit, geo-politics is moved to second place.
    4. goblin xnumx
      goblin xnumx 13 January 2016 10: 27
      +1
      Well, Turkey was called an ally a year ago, but about pumping out Baikal, interestingly, the first time I hear about how 2 hydroelectric power stations built for China and not involved became a cause of flooding in Siberia, but I heard about Baikal
      1. afdjhbn67
        afdjhbn67 13 January 2016 10: 42
        +1
        Quote: Leshy74
        but about pumping out the Baikal, it’s interesting, the first time I hear about how they’ve built for China and not

        About Baikal - no one is pumping it out, the Akitaites will only build a bottling plant in the depressed village of Vydrino, giving work to local residents, taxes, payment for the water itself, etc., the author wrote too dramatically about Lake Baikal - I was recently literally at the construction site of this of the future plant and for now it's all on paper .. Moreover, the South Koreans are building a second plant in the Severobaikalsk region .. I don’t know how the situation was. Calm down, no one is selling their homeland - only business
        1. Bennert
          Bennert 13 January 2016 11: 14
          0
          Quote: afdjhbn67
          Build a factory for bottling water, giving work to local residents

          It is better to pay the benefit to these 140 workers of the plant, if only they would not touch Baikal
        2. voyaka uh
          voyaka uh 13 January 2016 11: 21
          +3
          Baikal is going to "crash" from a completely different side
          the friends of Russia are the Mongols. They begin the construction of hydroelectric power stations on
          the river, which supplies Baikal with almost half of the water.
          The project is international with the participation of the same Chinese.
          1. sa-ag
            sa-ag 13 January 2016 11: 45
            0
            Quote: voyaka uh
            the friends of Russia are the Mongols. They start building a hydroelectric power station

            Do the Mongols have hydraulic engineering, moreover with such experience?
            1. voyaka uh
              voyaka uh 13 January 2016 13: 06
              +1
              I wrote:
              The project is international with the participation of the same Chinese.
    5. washi
      washi 13 January 2016 10: 31
      -3
      Quote: BENNERT
      [B]

      This Asian trend will cost Russia dearly

      The Chinese know well who built "their" Great Wall, who helped them survive, who created their industry.
      They are obliged to repay debts, and only then there will be a boom-boom.
      1. afdjhbn67
        afdjhbn67 13 January 2016 10: 42
        0
        Quote: Vasya
        The Chinese know very well who built "their" Great Wall,

        And who repeat
    6. Angry orc
      Angry orc 13 January 2016 12: 27
      +1
      Let's be realistic, now there are 2 superpowers - China and the USA, 2 poles, and any state will be attracted to one of them, staying exactly between them - will tear it apart! And while the United States will push us away from itself by its actions and there are no major disagreements with China, China and Russia will move closer, naturally for them we are mainly a market for the consumption of their goods and a supplier of resources, but for China we are also a counterbalance to the United States and so far all the forces of the United States aimed at weakening Russia, China will "smile" at us
  3. Flat5160
    Flat5160 13 January 2016 07: 20
    +3
    We must be afraid of the expansion of the inhabitants of the Middle Kingdom to the Far East and to Siberia. When their critical mass reaches critical, it will be late. The Chinese enclaves will become a time bomb. The question will arise either to evict them, and this is the threshold of a war with China, or to create a new entity, and this is nothing more than a direct introduction of China's interests into our country.
    1. washi
      washi 13 January 2016 10: 43
      -1
      Quote: Plat5160
      We must be afraid of the expansion of the inhabitants of the Middle Kingdom to the Far East and to Siberia. When their critical mass reaches critical, it will be late. The Chinese enclaves will become a time bomb. The question will arise either to evict them, and this is the threshold of a war with China, or to create a new entity, and this is nothing more than a direct introduction of China's interests into our country.

      The territories north of the wall are called "dead lands" in Chinese.
      See maps with population.
      Ours also flee to London and the British excite.
      And in Israel there is the so-called Russian party.
      And after the well-known events in Germany, our (former Soviet) Germans began to resent.
      So what?
      Do you live in the Far East?
      Do you see everything in real life, or in the press?
      Unfortunately, there are few Chinese. Vietnamese are not visible (there was a good restaurant).
  4. ImPerts
    ImPerts 13 January 2016 07: 22
    +3
    The problem of China lies in the very fact of the existence of China. If my memory serves me, then the rise of the Chinese state ended with internal strife. This overthrew China into constant civil wars or wars with neighbors.
    If the CPC managed to solve centrifugal processes, then they are a plus. If not, then grandma will not become grandfather.
    Z.Y. Examples of Uighurs and Tibetans so far suggest otherwise. Yes, and southern China with the north while they look antagonistic.
    1. Bennert
      Bennert 13 January 2016 07: 36
      +2
      Quote: ImPerts
      This overthrew China into constant civil wars.

      On account of China is the most bloody civil war in history. Taiping uprising (1850-64), killing 50 million people
      1. good7
        good7 13 January 2016 08: 54
        +1
        Remind me why it happened? Probably because the USA and England, as usual, watered water! It can be seen on the example of modernity! The most peace-loving country in the world of the USA, every year begins a new war!
      2. vvv-73
        vvv-73 13 January 2016 11: 51
        +1
        For the Chinese, these are trifles. They still in 2000 years BC, 40 million every 20 years after the floods died out.
  5. venaya
    venaya 13 January 2016 07: 31
    +1
    How many books by Chinese authors have been translated into Russian? ...
    Can any of your acquaintances read the inscription from Chinese characters?

    The works of Chinese psychologists are not of interest to Western colleagues, in view of the fact that the psychophysics of the Chinese themselves is too different from the psychophysics of Western people. The Chinese language itself belongs to the group of "tone languages" (specifically 4-tone languages), but about writing, at least 4 reforms of their hierographic writing have already been carried out, although its initial forms originated from the most ancient forms of Russian writing, just instead of linear The notation forms are hieroglyphics. We have a lot in common, but the differences are huge.
    1. The comment was deleted.
  6. lexx2038
    lexx2038 13 January 2016 07: 31
    +6
    As for China, I would not delude myself, history knows how they assimilate peoples - clean up. As soon as they achieve superiority in the main components: the human resource is superior, the economy is superior, the military is almost ready, the intellectual potential is more difficult, well, they are working hard on it. Then the dragon will wake up, and the dragon is not a hare and who will drive him back to the den? And now they are peaceful, yes, while their "club" is not as big as some - but ambitions ...
    1. afdjhbn67
      afdjhbn67 13 January 2016 08: 31
      +2
      Quote: lexx2038
      As for China, I would not be deceived, it is known from history how they assimilate the peoples - I will clean it up.

      Do not give an example, what would be unfounded?

      A good article, a minimum of water, an interesting look - unequivocal +
    2. good7
      good7 13 January 2016 09: 00
      +1
      Why are you so worried? To Moscow, Tajiks and Uzbeks have already assimilated it without any potential!
    3. washi
      washi 13 January 2016 10: 52
      -3
      Quote: lexx2038
      As for China, I would not delude myself, history knows how they assimilate peoples - clean up. As soon as they achieve superiority in the main components: the human resource is superior, the economy is superior, the military is almost ready, the intellectual potential is more difficult, well, they are working hard on it. Then the dragon will wake up, and the dragon is not a hare and who will drive him back to the den? And now they are peaceful, yes, while their "club" is not as big as some - but ambitions ...

      Well, assimilate. But those who invaded their territory. On foreign territory, they adapt.
      You still need to take the mentality. The Chinese, the Japanese, cannot work with their heads, but with their hands. We have other problems. We can head, but with our hands always a weapon appears.
      So, it’s natural when we think and fight, and the Chinese do and create extras in wars.
      Which, incidentally, is happening at a given time.
      1. onega67
        onega67 13 January 2016 14: 35
        +2
        Yes, very right !!! The Japanese can not work his head !!! Ha ha ha !!!
  7. Crabio
    Crabio 13 January 2016 07: 31
    +1
    Article plus. Very relevant.
  8. bubalik
    bubalik 13 January 2016 08: 18
    +3
    The notorious “annexation of Siberia” has not yet received worthy confirmation. Optimists associate this phenomenon with the peace-loving policies of the PRC,


    ,,, Since 2000 of the year, China has been building more than 20 of new modern cities every year, but they remain unpopulated.
    Today it is more than 64 million empty houses (not apartments). Towards the borders of Russia, China has been building concrete-based broadband roads for several years, they can withstand the load of heavy military equipment, according to military experts, the Chinese army will be in Khabarovsk in two to three hours., Under all these cities, underground shelters were built, designed to receive hundreds of millions of people. Beijing makes it clear to both Moscow and Washington that it is quite ready for a nuclear war.
    Today, China is the only country seriously ready to wage any war, both conventional and nuclear, and we pretend that this does not concern us.
    ,,,,
    1. Boos
      Boos 13 January 2016 08: 54
      +2
      I saw it myself, the roads are excellent ... In Manchuria. I also saw the Soviet bunkers on the dominant heights of the border territories, the spine covering the approaches to them, was perfectly preserved, blackened and everything, the Stalinist metal.
    2. good7
      good7 13 January 2016 09: 04
      +3
      All smart pensioners of the Far East already live in these uninhabited apartments, the cost of living is not comparable! And locals go to China for medicine, knowledge and, by the way, work! You apparently did not communicate with the Far Eastern residents! It became bad only now when the ruble fell below the plinth!
      1. komendant 64
        komendant 64 13 January 2016 11: 12
        +7
        I subscribe to the words good7. The week I returned from Vladivostok. He visited the border cities of Hunchun and Tumen. Prior to this (25 years ago) he served in Primorye. The conclusion is sad - over the past years, Primorye has changed little. Vladivostok bridges and roads, FEFU on Russky Island will not change the situation. The feeling of a systemic crisis in the country only intensified.
        The neighbors, on the other hand, feel order and strong municipal authority in everything. China's main newspaper, Zheminzhibao, did not hesitate to write several years ago that it was necessary to create living conditions in which the population of the border regions SAMO (!) Would express a desire to join the PRC.
        There is no need to blame a strong neighbor, this "ally" is in his mind and will not forgive our weakness. And those in power in our country need to finally get drunk and think about the welfare of people, the arrangement of territories.
    3. The comment was deleted.
  9. V.ic
    V.ic 13 January 2016 08: 53
    +2
    China = a dangerous neighbor. At least in terms of ecology. The support of China by the USSR in the past was intended to use its resources to counter the "Empire of the Rising Sun Yamato" and the USA. The dragon has healed sores and is ready to swallow the weak. Who will be this "weak"?
    1. afdjhbn67
      afdjhbn67 13 January 2016 09: 02
      +2
      Quote: V.ic
      ... Who will be this "weak"?

      First of all, if China starts to "eat" someone, then it will not come from Russia, the main direction for testing its strength is the Asia-Pacific region, the ideological enemy Japan, It can set fire to our "podbryuschie" - Central Asia, primarily Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan .. By virtue of demography, he is very vulnerable to a nuclear missile strike, and therefore, while Russia is covered by this shield, it makes no sense for him to climb to us - there will be enough to eat around the district.
      1. V.ic
        V.ic 13 January 2016 10: 58
        +4
        Quote: afdjhbn67
        he does not make any sense to climb to us

        In childhood, he liked to read the books of Vladimir Klavdievich Arsenyev. I still remember the phrase: / I do not quote = from memory! / if the Chinese "master" the right bank of the Ussuri, then only rats will run on this land / something like that ... /. He served near Dalnerechensk (formerly Iman) in the 80s. I remember the wealth of seaside nature. It is a pity to tears if the warning of the author of "Dersu Uzala" comes true. God forbid!
  10. lilian
    lilian 13 January 2016 09: 07
    +3
    I believe that Russia needs allies. Russia alone cannot resist the whole world. USSR existed t.s. in their own empire, since the population was larger and plus were the countries of the Warsaw Pact. Wasserman believes that the country should have at least 250 million people to be able to close the world economy and spit on the dollar.

    To get rid of dollar dependence, it is necessary to establish close relations with a group of countries that for some reason do not like the United States and Europe.

    As for the knowledge of culture, this can be explained. We know Jack London, Cooper, Jerome, Defoe, as there were relations with Europe and the United States. But China was first a closed country, and then, in fact, an English colony.

    And now I enjoyed watching Chinese cinema. And if China is an ally, who knows, maybe instead of English, children will learn Chinese as a foreign language.

    I read the book by V. Ulyanenko "The Shocking Chinese", no matter what he said about impartiality, I think that I went too far with the description of their shortcomings. There are no "bad" peoples and good ones.

    In case of contact with the Celestial Empire, we are dealing with an exotic eastern civilization with our own philosophy, which is largely alien to us, and our view of the world.

    To hell with philosophy, a couple of decades and China will be ahead of Russia in terms of scientific and technical potential. They have already made the Lunokhod, they are now developing a multi-module station, they are testing their fifth generation fighter.
    1. Bennert
      Bennert 13 January 2016 09: 30
      +2
      Quote: lilian
      Russia cannot stand alone against the whole world

      Do not need
  11. Mikhail Krapivin
    Mikhail Krapivin 13 January 2016 09: 16
    +2
    I liked everything in the article, except for the place about pumping Baikal ...
  12. zarodinu
    zarodinu 13 January 2016 09: 32
    0
    quote "Among the most notorious business projects in the sphere of Russian-Chinese cooperation was the plan to pump out Lake Baikal, announced last year. According to Buryat media reports, the design capacity of the enterprise in the village of Vydrino will be 2 million tons of water per year. Land ”is already registered in Chinese and English."
    I wonder who gave this permission? Wouldn't that destroy Baikal? Probably our "guardians" from ...
    1. Bennert
      Bennert 13 January 2016 09: 51
      +4
      Quote: zarodinu
      I wonder who gave this permission? Wouldn't that destroy Baikal? Probably our "guardians" from ...

  13. Samy
    Samy 13 January 2016 09: 40
    +1
    Where do synthetic drugs displacing Afghan heroin come from? From China, where components are produced at state enterprises and ordered by Russian post.
    That damn ally ... [/ quote]

    What nonsense ... in China, the most severe drug laws are much tougher than ours.
    1. bubalik
      bubalik 13 January 2016 09: 53
      +1
      Samy (1)  Today, 09: 40 What kind of nonsense ... in China, the most severe drug legislation, much tougher than ours

      ,,, and so they drive and order on the Internet ,,,

      http://www.niasam.ru/Kriminal/V-Samare-narkodilera--poluchavshego-sintetiku-iz-K
      itaya - osudili-na --- let68094.html

      http://www.kp.ru/online/news/2246391/
  14. dubak78
    dubak78 13 January 2016 10: 11
    -6
    damn ... where are we going to bury them?
  15. Termit1309
    Termit1309 13 January 2016 11: 21
    +1
    And the main question of the cataclysm: can we adequately accept this challenge and find our place in the changed world?

    Pancake. As if softer. First, the author knows the meaning of the word cataclysm?
    Secondly, “Among the most high-profile business projects in the sphere of Russian-Chinese cooperation was the plan to pump out Lake Baikal announced last year. According to Buryat media reports, the design capacity of the enterprise in the village of Vydrino will amount to 2 million tons of water per year. Trademark“ The Well of the Earth ”is already registered in Chinese and English.
    In these cases, the Jews say atalef (7) IL Yesterday, 21:18 p.m. ↑
    no nonsense
    Well, we Russian people are more civilized, and so the Buryat mass media will say a lot of things. For example, that in Ryazan pies with eyes. In short, what evidence do you have?
    Thirdly, the author looks in google trade between China and Russia. The number of immigrants from China to Russia in comparison with other countries. (for clues with warmer ones)
    And after that, answer the question to us. Are we extreme again? We again for the whole world in a cataclysm to answer?
    1. tasha
      tasha 13 January 2016 14: 14
      0
      http://baikalfinans.com/lichnyie-dengi/zabor-vodyi-iz-baykala-dlya-kitayskogo-za
      voda-kolodets-zemli-ne-povliyaet-na-uroven-ozera-expertyi-18102015-14860753.htm
      l
  16. Mentat
    Mentat 13 January 2016 13: 07
    +1
    Bennert, propaganda Russia part of Europe has not passed for a long time. You knock your forehead against the wall. Russia is not a part, but original, although numerous lines of intersection and kinship are obvious. If “Western civilization” considers itself the heir to the Roman Empire, Russia with no less certainty considers itself to be largely the successor of the Byzantine Empire. We have interests both in the West and in the East.
  17. red rocket
    red rocket 13 January 2016 14: 58
    +4
    China is a dangerous neighbor, they can not be allowed into the Far East, and the leadership of our country, the Russian land is already being sold!
  18. Termit1309
    Termit1309 13 January 2016 15: 45
    +1
    Quote: tasha
    http://baikalfinans.com/lichnyie-dengi/zabor-vodyi-iz-baykala-dlya-kitayskogo-za

    voda-kolodets-zemli-ne-povliyaet-na-uroven-ozera-expertyi-18102015-14860753.htm

    l

    “The Federal Agency for Water Resources has allocated a quota for water production. Residents of Buryatia have nothing to fear - nobody will just allow taking water from Lake Baikal, ”said the Director General of the Federal Republic of Germany Anatoly Dumnov.
    It is planned to supply Baikal water under the “Well of the Earth” brand to China, the USA, Russia, Iran, Turkey and the EU countries.

    Among the most high-profile business projects in the sphere of Russian-Chinese cooperation was the plan announced last year to pump out Fr. Baikal

    Do you understand the difference?
  19. igorra
    igorra 13 January 2016 16: 30
    0
    No one wondered which dragon on our coat of arms is defeated by St. George the Victorious. Again, historians, archaeologists do not tell us, or did our ancestors beat the Chinese dragon in ancient times?
  20. Nikolay71
    Nikolay71 13 January 2016 16: 30
    0
    For 20 years they have been frightening by the fact that the Chinese are about to seize the entire Far East. But for example, we have no more of them in Yakutia now than there were in the 90s. And they do not create problems, unlike the "guests" from the sunny republics of the former Soviet Union. And in general, there is no need to be afraid of China when it is on the rise. At this time, the Chinese earn more at home and are unlikely to go to their neighbors. Now, if they start a period of decline,
    1. marshes
      marshes 13 January 2016 16: 43
      0
      Quote: Nikolay71
      And do not be afraid of China when it is on the rise. At this time, the Chinese earn more at home and are unlikely to reach their neighbors. Now, if they begin a period of decline,

      Now in the Celestial Empire it’s not a camilpho, they have limited currency sales, so they’ll climb. Previously, their entrepreneurs themselves conquered their markets, points in the bazaars, then they gave up to the Aboriginal people, supplying them with their goods. Now they can break down, not their owners but their six.
  21. GraveBezKresta
    GraveBezKresta 13 January 2016 18: 07
    +2
    China is preparing for war.
    "First of all, the goals of the reform were announced at a meeting of the Central Military Council of the People's Liberation Army of China, during which the President of the PRC and head of the armed forces Xi Jinping set the task by 2020 to prepare the PLA for military operations outside the Celestial Empire! , the main goal of the reform will be to prepare China for expansion, but who does it see as possible for Beijing to oppose in the next five years?
    For a better understanding of the situation, attention should be paid to the fact that the reform also implies the unification of military districts. In particular, the Beijing Military District and the Shenyang Military District will be combined into a single Northern Military District, and the headquarters will be located as close to the border with ... Russia as possible. Let me remind you that in June of this year, the PLA conducted large-scale exercises in the North and South of the country, during which a thousand-kilometer march was completed. I wonder where the Chinese were going to make such a deep breakthrough?

    I am sure that many will be skeptical about the possibility of a conflict between Russia and China, but I recall that the two countries have had territorial claims throughout history, and bloody showdowns on this ground were not uncommon. Today, almost the entire Far East is populated by immigrants from China and soon they will really constitute a national majority. What, then, will prevent Beijing from taking care of its fellow citizens in the neighboring territory, which is still being presented to students as temporarily occupied in Chinese schools?

    At the same time, the PRC media systematically make informational stuffing on territorial topics, maintaining the degree of public attention to this issue at the proper level. "
  22. glasha3032
    glasha3032 13 January 2016 19: 39
    +1
    Interestingly, in the war between Vietnam and China, whose side will we be on? At one time, in 1979, Vietnam defeated the PLA and then the USSR helped him. How will it be now? After all, "friends" are there too. True, there is an option - in 2014, Russia, backed by sanctions, was forced to conclude a not entirely profitable contract for the supply of gas to China and there may be a chance to denounce this onerous treaty, speaking in the event of a conflict between the PRC and the RV on the side of Vietnam. In truth, the Chinese are still brothers to us ...
  23. Cobra77
    Cobra77 13 January 2016 20: 22
    +4
    You look at China and understand that this is a faded echo of what the USSR should have become by today if it were not for the policy of the imbitsilik group in power in the 80s. But history does not know the subjunctive mood ....
  24. GraveBezKresta
    GraveBezKresta 13 January 2016 20: 22
    +2
    Chinasians are enemies by definition. 5 years ago, Putin raved about Turkey that this is our strategic partner, canceled visas, pulled them gas, etc. etc. Now the Turks are killing our military. Maybe enough to be idiots and look for friends among enemies?! ...
  25. Dimented
    Dimented 13 January 2016 20: 37
    +4
    Sorry, comrade author, but the quote that you attribute to Lao Tzu IV century BC, actually belongs to Sun Tzu VI-V century BC (The Art of War, Chapter 3, Clause 1).
    For analytical information, it is somehow weak.
  26. Cobra77
    Cobra77 13 January 2016 22: 10
    -1
    Quote: Grave without Cross
    Chinasians are enemies by definition. 5 years ago, Putin raved about Turkey that this is our strategic partner, canceled visas, pulled them gas, etc. etc. Now the Turks are killing our military. Maybe enough to be idiots and look for friends among enemies?! ...


    "Hitlers come and go, but the German people remain" (c) Stalin in response to a letter from Ilya Ehrenburg.

    We are not looking for friends, we are looking for travel companions and allies (even temporary ones). Without this, we will slide to the DPRK. Even the Union, with all its self-sufficiency, never broke ties with the West, but actively contacted, traded, intervened in politics, and entered into partnership agreements.

    The Chinese, like the Americans (oddly enough) are not our enemies - competitors. Dangerous, but competitors. The enemy was Nazi Germany. Distinguish these two concepts, even if you have youthful maximalism mixed with nationalism.
  27. Cobra77
    Cobra77 13 January 2016 22: 20
    -1
    Quote: glasha3032
    Interestingly, in the war between Vietnam and China, whose side will we be on? At one time, in 1979, Vietnam defeated the PLA and then the USSR helped him. How will it be now? After all, "friends" are there too. True, there is an option - in 2014, Russia, backed by sanctions, was forced to conclude a not entirely profitable contract for the supply of gas to China and there may be a chance to denounce this onerous treaty, speaking in the event of a conflict between the PRC and the RV on the side of Vietnam. In truth, the Chinese are still brothers to us ...


    We remain neutral. And we’ll sell more weapons to both sides. All in the best capitalist traditions laughing

    And who called them brothers? They are our fellow travelers. Sane fellow travelers. But not more. We must not forget that they are a rising superpower, and by definition will expand their sphere of influence and ambitions. But they have no time for us. And it will be so for a very long time. Their competitor is not us, but the Americans. They will have "hot love" with them. Moreover, it will take decades. For the Americans are still very strong, and the Chinese are still weak for serious challenges. And for this period they need a quiet rear. Because the game against the Russian Federation and amers, they will not pull at the same time. This is not the USSR. They will be thinner. But when one of the players weakens, then it will be our turn. And by then we need to be strong in every sense. Not like now.
  28. Vivan
    Vivan 14 January 2016 02: 30
    +2
    I think so far (and in the next 15 years) China is not strong enough to challenge the United States. In the coming years, China will try to maximize the benefits of the clash between Russia and the United States, while at the same time slowly expanding its sphere of influence in Southeast Asia.
    Laos and Cambodia can now be considered autonomous regions of China, Thailand has recently been slowly moving away from the United States and approaching China. With Vietnam, China has both good and bad news at the same time. It is good that the Vietnamese leadership is completely subordinate to Beijing, but Beijing's headache is that the Vietnamese have a natural hostility to the Chinese and it is impossible to re-educate them. With respect to Vietnam, China will continue to pursue a policy of gradual peaceful seizure, because any serious conflict with Vietnam will only push Vietnam into the arms of the United States.
    A very curious attitude of the Vietnamese towards Russia and the United States is observed now. Vietnam ranks first in the world in terms of sympathy for Russia, in relations between Russia and the United States (issues of Ukraine, Syria, Turkey), the population of Vietnam is for Russia, and in the Pacific region, Vietnamese are for Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, the Philippines, and the USA ( in short, the Vietnamese sympathize with all those who are against China).
  29. Zomanus
    Zomanus 14 January 2016 03: 09
    0
    Good article.
    We really, very little know about China,
    to understand and predict his actions.
    And all our expectations are based on knowledge of Western values.
  30. Jääkorppi
    Jääkorppi 15 January 2016 11: 38
    0
    Russia has no choice, despite differences in culture and history! Or cooperation and friendship with China or the path of Ukraine and Yugoslavia! Dismemberment and disappearance from the map of world history. To be a miserable, dependent outskirts of American civilization. It is better to recall what unites us with China - this is also liberation from the Japanese occupation and economic assistance after the Second World War!