Immediately, I note that the army was not at all what I imagined. She was much better. The problem is that military service in general, and in scientific companies in particular, is shrouded in a dense curtain of various myths and stereotypes, which it is quite difficult for a person who has not passed this school to understand.
Scientific companies today are on the informational agenda of regional and federal mass media - the interest to them from potential candidates continues unabated. Basically, they wrote this text. I hope he will help to take a balanced and the only right decision. To do this, first of all, I will try to dispel the most common myths about military service in scientific companies, relying solely on my own experience. But first you need to understand the general stereotypes about military service.
On the "army mythology"
In 2000, the comedy of the Roman Kachanov “DMB” appeared on the country's screens. The film instantly became a “national hit”, and the script of Ivan Okhlobystin, delicately absorbed the best of army folklore, was immediately taken to quotes. One of my favorites:
- And then I will not take the oath!
- Eh, my friend, you are young ... You do not choose the oath, but the oath chooses you!
Watch the ups and downs of the fate of the heroes of the film, which did take the oath, fascinating and sometimes very funny. But just what - to observe. To become such a “hero” in real life, no one from those who watched the movie, frankly wanted to.
My generation, born in the late eighties, had a perceptible and extremely messy idea of military service: fathers served in the army of a state that no longer exists on the world map, senior comrades from neighbors' families were called up in the nineties - a difficult time for the country, which Unfortunately, it affected the general condition of the armed forces accordingly. The picture of the conscription service consisted of scraps of Soviet jokes in the “dig from fence to lunch” style, and a large number of folk stories retold “word of mouth”: from completely idiotic, like painting garrison grass and building general dachas to frankly frightening - about the non-statutory relationship that caused the terrible tragedies. Generously flavored with the same type of newspaper headlines about the military incidents of the beginning of the two thousandth - this picture looked both stupid and scary. The army was a place where a normal person could not be exactly. Parents did everything possible and impossible, so that their sons never in their life faced with the army reality, so it is not surprising that over time a common opinion was formed in the society: "either poor people or fools serve in the army."
The vector of public consciousness began to change several years ago - the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation were significantly transformed, leaving most of the systemic problems in the past. Nevertheless, the struggle with the entrenched stereotypes regarding military service continues, and scientific companies in this struggle are the most powerful "weapon”The formation of a positive image of the Russian army, which affects the destructive“ army mythology ”as exactly as the Caliber missile system destroys terrorist bases in Syria.
Myth 1. "Scientific companies don't need armies"
Nevertheless, “scientific companies” are not a PR project, as some media often try to present it. Scientific companies, in the first place - one of the effective personnel mechanisms, significantly contributing to the modernization of the Russian army.
As is known, one of the key vectors of the army reforms set by the country's leadership is the improvement of the defense-industrial complex - the corresponding federal targeted program for the period up to 2020 was adopted simultaneously with the Russian State Arms Development Program for the 2011-2020 years.
The basis for the development of the military-industrial complex, which allows maintaining the growth of key performance indicators, is systematic work with personnel. The key task in this aspect is to attract qualified engineers in the field of production, which are closely related to the military-industrial complex.
Given the characteristics of modern armed conflicts, one of which is the widespread use of information technologies, as well as taking into account the state military doctrines of developed countries, primarily the member countries of the North Atlantic Treaty, based on the concept of network-centric wars, it can be concluded that in the effectiveness of the use of armed forces and ensuring the defense capability of both a single state and military-political blocs as a whole, there will be automated control systems, various types of intelligence and precision weapons.
In this regard, issues of personnel support for advanced research projects in the development of high-tech offensive and defensive weapons, as well as the formation of a systematic approach to the creation of conceptually new "think tanks" in the structure of the Russian army that would solve two problems, are becoming topical:
1. Conducting actual military-scientific research in the interests of the Ministry of Defense of Russia.
2. Attracting competent personnel to the structures of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation and the military-industrial complex engaged in promising military developments.
One of the approaches that make it possible to significantly get closer to solving these tasks is the mechanism for creating fundamentally new structural divisions, scientific companies, based on research organizations and higher military educational institutions of the Ministry of Defense of Russia. The idea of their creation was expressed by the Minister of Defense of the Russian Federation, Army General S.К. Shoigu at a meeting with representatives of the Russian scientific community in the Moscow State Technical University. Bauman spring 2013 year.
New divisions identified the following tasks: participation in research and development, solving applied problems in the interests of the Russian Defense Ministry, training scientific personnel for the military-scientific and defense-industrial complexes of the Russian Federation.
The unit in which I served in the military was a scientific company of the Air Force of Russia, stationed at the base of the Air Force Academy. Professor N.E. Zhukovsky and Yu.A. Gagarin, was created one of the first. The main task of the operators of the scientific company VUNC VVS Air Force (as the military personnel in this division is officially called) was the implementation of applied research in priority and future directions of development and application of the Air Force of the Russian Federation.
As can be seen from the peculiarities of the current conjuncture, the tasks solved by scientific companies are extremely relevant, and fully meet the global challenges facing the armed forces today. Thanks to these units, competent and qualified graduates of civilian universities can use their scientific potential in solving specific engineering problems to improve the defense capability of our state.
Myth number XXUMX. “In scientific companies only“ golden youth ”serve”
If by “golden youth” we mean young people, “whose life and future were mainly arranged by their influential and high-ranking parents,” then this thesis, of course, is completely untrue. At the same time, there is one peculiarity among military servicemen of scientific companies - they are all talented graduates of the best universities of the country. With me in one call served people from the MAI, MIPT, MEPI, MGTU them. Bauman and other serious technical universities - very talented and highly qualified engineers.
To get into the service in a scientific company is really difficult, but only due to the high requirements for candidates (the following are requirements for candidates for military service for a conscription in a scientific company VUNC Air Force "VVA"):
1. Russian citizens of male sex 19-27 years, not undergoing military service.
2. The fitness category for health reasons is not lower than B-4 (communication parts, radio engineering parts).
3. The categories of citizens indicated in paragraph 4-5 of paragraph 5 of Article 34 of Federal Law 1998 of the Year No. 53-ФЗ “On Military Duty and Military Service” are not considered.
4. The presence of a high motivation of the candidate to do military service in a scientific company.
5. Compliance of the profile and specialization of the candidate to the scientific directions of VUNTs VVS VVA (mathematics, physics, programmers, electrical engineering, etc.).
6. Tendency to scientific activity and the presence of a certain scientific groundwork (participation in competitions, competitions, the availability of scientific publications and works).
7. The average score of a diploma VPO - not lower than 4, 5.
In detail, the process of submitting an application for selection to a scientific company of the Air Force of Russia is described on the website: http: // academy -vs.rf/nauchnaya-rota/
Myth 3. “Conscription service and scientific research are incompatible”
As already noted, scientific companies are quite unusual military units. Based on the specifics facing the operators of scientific tasks, they are given the maximum "army comfort."
Firstly, the operators do not live in the barracks, but in a fairly comfortable hostel. In each room, designed for four military personnel, there is an LCD TV, two computer classes, two lounges (with drinking water, tea / coffee and a fresh press), a library, a sports area with exercise equipment and showers are available for the needs of operators. The order throughout is maintained in perfect condition.
Secondly, in order to increase the efficiency of the activity of the operators of a scientific company as part of the research work carried out, a scientific supervisor from the scientific and pedagogical staff of the VVUV VVS Air Force, who has a scientific degree, an academic title and practical experience in scientific research, is assigned to each soldier . With each of the operators, an individual research plan is drawn up for the year, which reflects both the main activities and key performance indicators, which are expressed in the number (and quality) of published research papers, reports at scientific conferences, software registration certificates, patents and so on. Everything is extremely measurable and transparent.
Thirdly, the daily routine of the operator of a scientific company allows you to fully realize your scientific potential during the year of service. In my opinion, the discipline has a very positive impact on the effectiveness of research activities. From Monday to Thursday, the daily routine in the subdivision is as follows: in the morning - the rise, charge, breakfast, morning inspection and departure to the scientific leaders; at lunchtime - eating and relaxing, after - continuing to work with supervisors; in the evening - an individual or team sport, dinner, rest (we usually watched movies, read, continued to do our research in computer classes), after 21: 00 - evening walk, calibration and retreat. On Friday is the day of studying general military disciplines, on Saturday - a park-economic day and the opportunity to go down in dismissal in accordance with the schedule, on Sunday - a day off and, again, the ability to go down in dismissal.
As practice shows, such military time management has an extremely productive effect on self-organization and planning of scientific activities.
Myth number XXUMX. "For the year it is impossible to achieve any significant results in science"
The approach to the use of the research potential of servicemen of scientific companies is built in such a way that each newly arrived operator continues the research begun by his predecessor. The emphasis on continuity allows us not to “reinvent the wheel”, but to focus on solving specific research problems under the auspices of the supervisor. Operators also conduct their research work within the framework of research and development of various categories, actively participate in conferences and scientific and technical competitions.
Among the areas of scientific research in which the operators of a scientific company of the Air Force of Russia work, the most relevant are:
• Mathematical and computer modeling of meteorological objects for solving applied problems of meteorological flight support
• Study of methods and means of protecting information and information resources from unauthorized access and destructive informational impact
• Development of software-modeling systems for powerplants of combat aircraft and the study of aircraft dynamics
• Development of software tools for determining statistics on the distribution of interference levels at the inlet of the distribution zone in the dynamics of a conflict with EW ground complexes
• Experimental and calculated studies of processing multi-channel multi-frequency information in digital radar systems
• Object-oriented modeling of aerometric systems for maneuverable aircraft and the evolution of hazardous weather conditions using radar data
• Development of software and methodological support for studies of radiophysical characteristics of radio absorbing materials and coatings
• Development of simulation models of ground support facilities
• Development of software systems for the study of aircraft weapons objects and methods for determining the parameters of negative electromagnetic effects
Since the creation of a scientific company of the Air Force of Russia, its operators have published more than 200 articles in scientific journals and collections of scientific conferences, issued more than 15 applications for patents for the invention, more than 35 software products and 45 rationalization proposals have been registered.
Operators of a scientific company of the Air Force of Russia became winners and prize-winners of various scientific and technical competitions, including the All-Russian Exhibition of Scientific and Technical Creativity of Youth “NTTM”, the Moscow International Salon of Inventions and Innovative Technologies “Archimedes”, the International Exhibition of State Security “Interpolitex”, International military-technical forum "Army of Russia".
Personally, during my service I published 5 scientific articles (including in WAC editions), made presentations at 7 scientific events and registered a software product, which I presented to the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation V.V. Putin and the Chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation, D.A. Medvedev at the exhibition of the achievements of scientific companies in the framework of the International Military-Technical Forum "Army of Russia 2015".
Myth number XXUMX. "Hazing and inadequate commanders"
The notorious army "hazing", as well as low-skilled officers were far in the past. Almost all the officers with whom I had the opportunity to communicate during the service were actively involved in sports and led a healthy lifestyle (with a total dislike of bad habits), which set an example to many conscripts.
The command staff of a scientific company of the Air Force of Russia was selected taking into account the specifics of the tasks facing the unit - all officers were scientific officers of the Air Force Academy, had experience of participation in scientific conferences and competitions, among them were winners of scientific work competitions and laureates of the Government of the Russian Federation awards. Naturally, there could be no talk of any assault or disrespect on the part of officers towards conscripts. All communication was underlined professionally and respectfully.
As for relations between colleagues, the division has a mentoring system built - starting with the “course of the young fighter”, senior conscription serviceers help the “junior” comrades with everything: they learn how to properly serve in the daily outfit, hem the back door, do drill exercises and etc. In scientific terms, a similar supervision is carried out. After six months, the junior call becomes senior, and he himself helps the newly arrived guys to understand all the details of military service. The concept of "hazing" in a scientific company is completely absent. No incidents occurred during the time of my service between fellow servicemen - smart people will always find a way out of any conflict situation.
Myth number XXUMX. "In scientific companies are gaining" nerds ""
Thanks to the media, this statement has become extremely popular today. In fact, this is certainly not the case. Many of the guys who served with me in a scientific company, had sports classes, some were candidates for the master of sports, including martial arts. Practically everyone during the service, one way or another, begin to accustom themselves to intensive sports and significantly tighten their physical shape. Daily jogging, exercise and trips to the gym contribute to this.
Among other things, the soldiers of a scientific company, like other soldiers of the Russian army, serve in daily duty, go on shooting, master the necessary materials on military training. Service in a scientific company is not an alternative, but military service itself.
As for the directions of recruitment, not only programmers served in our divisions. The scientific company of the Russian Air Force includes three platoons:
1. Platoon modeling of hydrometeorological processes and phenomena, high and medium pressure air separation.
2. Взвод развития и совершенствования конструкций летательных аппаратов, aviation двигателей, пилотажно-навигационных и радиолокационных комплексов.
3. Platoon of information technology, forecasting the development of software and hardware; electronic warfare with the means of the enemy and assessing the reduction of visibility and protection of information in the ACS.
As can be seen from the specifics of platoons, engineers of a wide range of areas can realize their scientific potential in the field of military service.
Myth number XXUMX. “Army service is“ the loss of a year of life ””
Service in the army is different, with different tasks and opportunities that it provides military conscripts. Scientific companies in this regard are a unique personnel mechanism, thanks to which talented graduates of civilian universities can sign a contract with the Russian Ministry of Defense to continue research in an officer’s rank after serving an appeal. Students, starting from the second year, can design their professional trajectory taking into account further service in the Russian army: choose the appropriate directions for their term papers and dissertations, and for graduation from high school - go to serve in a scientific company, to become an officer after forces and continue their scientific career in the development of the military-industrial complex. Taking into account the level of wages of officers, as well as the conditions that are provided to servicemen, this trend today is extremely promising.
On average, of each call, military service under the contract is about 30%. The guys are assigned to various departments engaged in research and applied research on their profile. My co-workers who have concluded the contract are very satisfied and do not regret their choice.
Returning a year and a half ago - if they asked me if I would make this choice again, knowing what the Russian army is like, I would say without a doubt “yes”. For me, this was an extremely important experience, both for a young scientist and for a defender of the Fatherland, and I can definitely recommend to anyone who for one reason or another hesitates in making a decision on military service - to make this choice in favor of the army. For the year you will get a lot of opportunities for self-realization, and most importantly - you will be able to make a real contribution to ensuring the defense capability of our state.