He was born in Novo-Nikolaevsk (today it is Novosibirsk) 6 March 1913, on the day of the celebration of the icon of the Mother of God "Grace of God", and 13 March was baptized in the Church of the Intercession of the Most Holy Theotokos and named Alexander.
For his passionate enthusiasm for technology, his friends called him Sasha the engineer back in the Novosibirsk school. He, like other teenagers, literally idolized the first Soviet pilots, the fame of which is still alive and booming around the world. And then it was akin to flying into space. Sasha Pokryshkin, who grew up in a large family, tried to devote all his free time to studying rare books and newspapers about aviation after he saw a propaganda plane of the Society of Friends of the Air that landed in a vacant lot near a military town fleet. It was a miracle! A ten-year-old boy with all rushed to this amazing and hitherto unprecedented steel winged bird: he tried to reach his wing with his hand - he did not succeed, and then the pilot grabbed him in his arms, and the boy’s palm touched the skin. It was unforgettable. From now on, Sasha dreamed of being only a pilot, and no one else. He figured out how to become a pilot. The first step - after the seventh grade, you need to go to study in FZU. His father Ivan Petrovich was categorically against when he found out that his talented son, who was able to finish two classes in one year, was about to leave school. Long persuasion of the father did not work.
And Sasha wanted to stop being a burden for parents - Ksenia Stepanovna and Ivan Petrovich, who raised seven children. The family grew six boys (Sasha was the second), and the youngest was a sister. As soon as Sasha is 14 years old, he for the first time implements his deliberate serious independent decision - to go to work and study in the school factory apprenticeship school formed on the basis of the largest Siberian enterprise “Sibcombeinstroy” built in the open field and became one of the main machine-building plants for the supply of spare parts for the textile industry, combines, tractors. Sasha studied in detail the design of piston rings, valves, connecting rod bolts and other parts.
Every day he got up in the dark to get to Stadionnaya Street, house number XXUMX. It was here that FZU, where Alexander received the profession of a mechanic-draftsman. Understanding the essence of the metalworking, the ability to handle the tool and many other skills learned by Pokryshkin in the Siberian school, were useful to him later in the war years. And even tempered his character. After all, he went against the will of his father to study at the trade school, and then he moved to the hostel and lived there for two years, until he graduated from the trade school. By this time, his native company became known as Sibmetallstroy.
But these reorganizations now little affected the fate of Alexander Pokryshkin, who voluntarily went to serve in the ranks of the Red Army and won a permit to study at the third military-technical school of the Red Army, located in Perm, which later became a school for training higher personnel for rocket troops - the Perm military The Red Banner Rocket Forces Institute named after Marshal of the Soviet Union V. I. Chuikov. He was disbanded by order of former Defense Minister Serdyukov in 2003. But before this shame Pokryshkin did not live.
The school of aviation technicians was built around Perm in 1930 in the area of the village of Stolyary and Sidorovo, and the land between the villages of Bolshe-Savino, Vanyuki and Kazan Tract was set aside to build a second airfield.
The school was created literally in the eyes of Pokryshkin.
Two years later, Pokryshkin received a certificate of completion of the course of aircraft engines from the hands of the first chief of the military school of aviation technicians, brigade commissar Anton Yurievich Keskylä.
Remembers V.I. Torubarov, a military pilot of the 1 class, a graduate of the Kachinsky VVAOLKUL 1971 of the year:
“Pokryshkin was the best military fighter pilot of the anti-Hitler coalition. This is the recognition of the president of United States of America. The main trait of Pokryshkin's character is perseverance. For example, in one year he graduated two classes of elementary school at once. The second evidence of his perseverance is admission to the Kachin Red Banner AF Military Pilot School. Myasnikova.
In order to become what he became, Pokryshkin had to go through a difficult and thorny path. The dream of the sky, about the profession of a fighter pilot led him first to Perm, then Leningrad Aviation Technical Schools, which he graduated with honors.
So Alexander Pokryshkin began to serve the Motherland in the position of technician. How much was in his soul experiences! It is difficult to describe it for years. And despite the fact that he is soon raised - he becomes the senior aviation technician level in the 74 th Infantry Division, located in the city of Krasnodar - Pokryshkin literally obsessed with the idea of becoming a military pilot. Who could have imagined that it was here, a few years later, that Pokryshkin, at 121,4 height above Sopka Geroev, would begin to put into practice the classical formula “speed, maneuver, height, fire”, which was based on not only his own observations and rigorous analysis of clashes with the enemy in 1941-1942-ies, but also the experience of Russian aviators Nesterov and Kruten. They also made a huge contribution and became a backup in the future victories of the Soviet pilots over the vaunted German aces, who feared the Russian “falcon strike”, the “shelves” (when the fighters dispersed in height) or flew, it seemed, randomly, opening their battle formations.
In the meantime, the restless creative nature of Pokryshkin manifests itself in almost all areas with which aviation comes into contact. He sends to the name of the chief designer Polikarpov several proposals concerning improvements in the design of the reconnaissance aircraft P-5 and the first Shkas airborne assault gun installed in place of the machine gun PV-1. Problems with shkas were. Here is what N.N. writes about it. Ravens in the book "In the service of the military": "We organized an experienced shooting. They showed that all the dubious ammunition in conventional rifles, light and heavy machine guns of the ground forces work flawlessly, and they continue to misfire in aviation machine guns. It turned out that there are some batches of ammunition that do not misfire when firing from ShKAS. But what and why - no one could accurately establish. At the next meeting of the commission, I drew attention to the samples of combat primers lying on the table. I began to carefully examine them and found one detail: the foil at the attachment point with the cap was covered with black or red lacquer. Red lacquer was imported, and black - domestic. Spent new firing. The caps covered with an import varnish, did not allow misfires. The second, on the contrary, gave misfires. All cartridges with black varnish caps were immediately removed from the Air Force and transferred to ground forces for use. The air force began to be supplied with cartridges with capsules coated with red varnish. The Commission also proposed to conduct a thorough study of domestic varnish. It turned out that our chemists did not modify: the varnish offered by them adversely affects the foil. It was proposed to urgently eliminate this defect. Soon, a new lacquer was created, fully meeting the requirements set for it. The misfires have stopped. ”
To which Pokryshkin asked to draw attention, he is no longer known; he did not write about this in his memoirs. But he received personal thanks from Polikarpov. And just like that the general designer of gratitude did not sign. True, it is not known whether or not Polikarpov took advantage of the equipment offered by the far Krasnodar. However, Pokryshkin became involved in other projects as well: he improved the flight simulator for the pilots and built the glider himself, rising to the sky on it. Do not give a plane - build it myself!
Seeing such a zeal for young aircraft, the head of the unit instructs him to conduct classes among technicians on theoretical and practical training.
But he wanted to be only a military pilot. For this, during his vacation he enters the Krasnodar Aero Club and in the shortest possible time he masters the plane for initial training.
Today, there are allegations that Pokryshkin became a pilot in the Krasnodar flying club. Nobody argues with this.
However, the certificate of completion of the aeroclub was not enough to become a military pilot.
The character of the air fighter, Alexander Pokryshkin's fighter pilot, was still developed and tempered in the struggle with a complex bureaucratic machine. He had thirty-nine times (some sources talk about 44 reports) to take a sheet of paper, sit at the table and write a report in the name of their commanders asking for a referral to a military aviation flight school. Purposefulness, perseverance, faith in his abilities and love for the profession - these are the qualities that allowed him to break the patience of the People's Commissar of Defense K.E. Voroshilov. The fate of Pokryshkin as a pilot was determined by him, by allowing military equipment of the 2 rank to enter the 1938 year at the Kachin Red Banner Pilot School.
Pilot-instructor Sergei Storks gave him a ticket to the sky at school. Amazing surname, the best fit to the sky. By the way, storks also fly couples, like fighters. Sergei Storks fought bravely and ended the war as a commander of a fighter regiment with the rank of colonel.
Flight school, Alexander Ivanovich graduated successfully and departed for service in the combat regiment.
But among historians sometimes disputes arise, they begin to “drag” the name of Pokryshkin to their interested side. In 1984, Alexander Ivanovich left an entry in the Book of Distinguished Visitors of the Kaczynski School. This record was a farewell to all its graduates for all times and puts an end to the dispute about where Pokryshkin became a military pilot. Here is its content: “The museum with the richness of its design reflected the glory of the Kaczyn School. I, his pupil, did not disgrace my native Kacha. I sincerely wish the new generation of fighter pilots to fly perfectly and prepare themselves as real defenders of the sky of the Motherland, to glorify the country with new feats. Happy landings to you, battle friends! ”
The cadets of Kaczynski VVAUL knew well the fighting qualities of Alexander Ivanovich. It was they who helped many become pilots. Cadets who were not enrolled by cadets after the announcement of the order of the head of the school also studied at almost every course at the school. However, having stayed on or near the school, they asked for command over and over again and even demanded admission to the school. And the most persistent of some such guys was lucky. They got up in the cadets and successfully graduated from college. Perhaps it was the first lesson of the great military pilot-ace A.I. Pokryshkina, which was perceived by cadets, being trained in the walls of the school.
Alexander Ivanovich was always a welcome guest in the walls of his native school. Each time, returning to the walls of his native school, he devoted a lot of time to the cadets. He spent numerous classes at the department of aviation tactics, meetings with cadets, teachers, pilots, instructors, just talking in a museum. He knew how to win over the audience.
I remember one of these meetings, when two or three times Hero of the Soviet Union — Alexander Ivanovich Pokryshkin — and Ivan Nikitovich Kozhedub, a graduate of the 9 1941 Pilot School of XNUMX pilots, arrived at the school at once.
At a meeting with the flight crew, a conversation began on the number of aircraft they shot down. At that time, Kirill Alekseevich Evstigneev, twice Hero of the Soviet Union, was the head of the school headquarters.
Pokryshkin and Kozhedub began to talk like this about Evstigneev and showed him as one of the most successful pilots of the Great Patriotic War. They said that a competent and thinking pilot won in a dogfight. They told that it was necessary to learn not only from their own experience, but also use the experience of the enemy, be able to build an air battle in such a way as to force the enemy to substitute.
By the way, Alexander Ivanovich loved to play chess. This is perhaps another of his features in the ability to manage and create a “thinking” battle.
Alexander Ivanovich during the war, after each air battle with the Germans, wrote down all the episodes of the last battle in his notebook. At the first opportunity, he and his subordinates conducted an analysis of the battles. Few people know that at the beginning of the war there were sufficiently strict instructions for Soviet pilots, to which each pilot was obliged to adhere. However, Pokryshkin repeatedly violated these strict instructions and for this he was repeatedly imprisoned in the guardhouse. But, even serving a sentence for his "amateur" in battle, he continued to analyze air battles, not doubting that he would soon be put into operation.
The famous battle formula - height, speed, maneuver, fire - was not born immediately, but almost immediately during its use, tangible results began to appear, manifested in the declining and exploding aircraft of the praised Luftwaffe. They, having caught sight of a non-standard flight of a Soviet pilot, recognized him by their unique handwriting and transmitted to each other in a fright that Pokryshkin was in the sky and it was time to wind up.
Thanks to his ability to analyze air combat from the unconventional side, finding the enemy’s strengths and weaknesses, the ability to bring his conclusions to other pilots, to reasonably build his own Tire line of battle, it became possible to introduce a new direction in aviation, which is still being studied in higher educational institutions of the country as an example of a non-standard approach to victory. Although today it has become a little different, but the main principle - the search for victory has remained the same.
Communicating with the cadets after the war, in frank conversations with the pilots, Alexander Ivanovich said bluntly that on supersonic aircraft to achieve victory over the enemy is even harder than on piston aircraft. Other speeds, other overloads, and therefore methods of destroying the enemy, need others.
In his post as commander of the air regiment, he often had to lead an air battle from a remote command post. He considered competent interaction with the ground control station as the guarantee of a pilot's victory in the air.
“Obviously, Alexander Ivanovich knew more than we did about the prospect of developing new aircraft, knew about radar sights and radio-controlled missiles, about new developments in the methods of struggle for air supremacy,” recalls V.I. Torubarov, a military pilot of the 1 class. - Much later I had to hear from the Hero of the Soviet Union, Honored Test Pilot Vladimir Nikolaevich Kondaurov about the air combat between the MiG-21 and MiG-23 aircraft with the F-5 aircraft. To his chagrin, he could not go to his counterpart in the tail. Since that time, the design offices of Sukhoi and Mikoyan began to work hard on Su-27 and MiG-29 aircraft. After conversations with Pokryshkin, it became clear to me why Alexander Ivanovich told us that MiG-21 airplanes, MiG-23 is a collective weaponthat you need to hone the interaction with the command and control officer. The enemy must be destroyed before meeting with him in melee. Or, meeting him on a collision course. The probability of re-detecting the enemy in this case is close to zero. Our great pilot-as Alexander Ivanovich Pokryshkin spoke with us about all this. It was his job of teaching modern pilots new approaches to organizing air combat. ”
In the museum of Kaczynski VVAUL one of Pokryshkin's notebooks is kept. And it was received by the historian of the Kaczynski College, Colonel Yury Alexandrovich Mantsurov in the 1980 year. When a group of Kachins arrived in Moscow to invite Alexander Ivanovich and other famous graduates to attend the anniversary of the school, they were greeted in a large and spacious office by the Chairman of the DOSAAF Central Committee of the USSR (this position was then Pokryshkin) and presented this priceless notebook for the constructed museum.
Alexander Ivanovich in gold letters inscribed his name in history Kaczynski Red Banner Aviation School, and most importantly, in the 100-year history of the development of world aviation. His merits are highly appreciated by his homeland. Foreign politicians and historians recognize his significant contribution to the development of tactics of hostilities of fighter aircraft. His aerial battles with German aces are carefully studied in all aviation schools of the world. “Kuban carousels and shelves” are recognized in the world as aviation “meat grinders” of German pilots.
But after the Victory over fascist Germany, various publications began to appear in some of the world’s media, in which the role of our pilots in gaining air supremacy during World War II was deliberately hushed up. In the book “Aviation 100 years” by R.J.Gran, there is not even a mention of our pilot pilots, Pokryshkin, Kozhedub, or other Russian pilots who signed their names in May 1945 on the Brandenburg Gate in Berlin.
It seems that we ourselves often give the opportunity for Western researchers to behave this way in relation to our pilots. Here I read in the aviation history of Russia “History of Aviation” No. XXUMX (article by A. Rodionov and M. Bykov): “The cloudy sky 30 of the year is a conflict of aces and their combat calculations”. And some thoughts come to mind about this.
First of all. We, modern people, speak about the events of those years only on the basis of the fact that somewhere, we read or hear something. Few worked in the archives. And this information received by us is very subjective. Each of the authors in his memoirs speaks about his role in certain events. And it must be perceived as a subjective reality. The person tells us about himself and his vision of the event. It is necessary to reckon with the fact that he embellishes himself and his role somewhere. We understand that the war was won not by the marshals, but, figuratively speaking, “those whose name is nobody”. At the same time, I do not underestimate the role of the individual in history. But you always need to be "Ivanov, remembering kinship," defending our national interests when covering historical events. And sometimes it turns out that we, diminishing our merits, increase the merits of the enemy. After watching a TV show about the battle of Rzhev, it seems that the military-political leadership is talentless. According to those who made this program, our losses were meaningless. Their conclusions are based on the statements of prosperous, sleek, vanquished Germans and our soldiers who have committed an immortal feat, but who live in poverty. Yes, the losses in this area were terrifying. Yes, from the position of today, they were not justified high.
But go back at that time and feel the situation. When there were convincing victories on other fronts and progress was made, could the Germans have been able to leave the springboard for striking the flanks of our troops advancing on the main strategic direction?
The authors of the television program did not have enough human and professional courage to investigate and answer the question: “Until when our veterans will live (and burn) in unregistered nursing homes and why none of the officials for their death in peaceful, democratic conditions not responsible? ".
Secondly. We recognize that there was a subjectivity in the assessment of what happened during the war. For example, at the beginning of August 1944, Ivan Nikitovich Kozhedub was awarded the second Hero Star. By that time, he had destroyed the enemy's 45 aircraft. In the same month, Kirill Alekseevich Yevstigneyev became the Hero of the Soviet Union, in whose representation 49 was listed as downed vultures. Or an example from the life of an air attack pilot. Balabin Yuri Mikhailovich served in the Air Force. He graduated from the Chief of Staff of the Air Force of the North Caucasus Military District. He became the Hero of the Soviet Union after 220 sorties on the IL-2. With all this, the history of aviation knows examples when for 200 sorties the pilots were awarded the title of Hero twice. This indicates that the assessment of the exploits of our aces often lay in the plane of personal relations with commanders, political workers, and those who by the will of the service stood at the sources of representation. That is, in assessing the merits of a combat pilot officer, there has always been a human factor. It is also a well-known fact from the history of the 11 Guards IAD, where in the 5 Guards Iap, a squadron of Heroes of the Soviet Union was fighting, and the regiment was led by Lieutenant Colonel M.V. Kuznetsov, who formed this squadron and presented his pilots to the awards, he did not have them. When there were more than ten Heroes in the regiment, the higher leaders thought. And why the regiment commander is not a hero if he has so many heroes at war? And the regiment commander became the Hero of the Soviet Union. At the same time, there was another approach to this issue in the neighboring regiment, when its commander set himself the task of getting the Hero first. And, as they say, "neither to myself, nor to people."
“We learned from him again”
After the war, the military fates of stellar commanders and heroes developed differently. Pokryshkin was lucky - he remained in the ranks and for many years he could quickly respond to the requests of the post-war time, teaching future pilots the ability to thoughtfully fight.
For several reasons, Pokryshkin goes to the reserve and moves to a management position in DOSAAF. This organization before Pokryshkin and after is completely different. If before she eked out a miserable existence, then Pokryshkin raised her work to a fundamentally new level, managing to attract many supporters to her ranks, having built a powerful pre-conscription training system that effectively worked until the 90s, when it lost its support for the DOSAAF state almost ceased to exist . It's a pity. This structure helped to bring up several generations of boys and girls, who recall with gratitude their years of winged youth.
The combat pilots who became teachers after the war continued to learn from Pokryshkin how to create new organizational structures. The honored military airman EM is recalled. Konokhov: “Years have passed, but today everything is alive in memory. As a teacher at the Air Force department at the MV University. Frunze, I had a chance to meet again with Alexander Ivanovich Pokryshkin. At the initiative of the head of the department General Lobov Georgy Ageevich, in 1980, the whole composition of the department, we decided to visit the Central Committee of the USSR DOSAAF.
At that time he was headed by three times Hero of the Soviet Union, Marshal of Aviation A.I. Pokryshkin. The visit was planned to be held during the period of teaching and learning fees. The official purpose of the visit is to get acquainted with how the Museum of the Great Patriotic War was arranged in DOSAAF, and that you can borrow useful things for the arrangement of several rooms allocated to the Air Force Department by the Academy Head for creating a specialized training class for the Air Force and a laboratory for the combat use of aviation.
There was also an unofficial reason: to see front-line pilots, whose front-line paths crossed paths during the war with Pokryshkin, who once, like Skomorokhov, Alelyukhin and other pilots, studied at the MV Military Academy. Frunze.
Among our delegation were eminent front-line pilots. Head of the Department Hero of the Soviet Union, Lieutenant-General G.A. Lobov ended the war as a division commander, commanded an air defense corps. In 1952, he was seconded to Korea as a senior aviation group. The group included a division commanded by I.N. Kozhedub. After Korea - Deputy Commander of Aviation of the Moscow Military District, then served in the Inspectorate of the USSR Ministry of Defense. After the inspection he headed the department of the Air Force at the academy. It was to him that Stalin sent a congratulatory telegram with the words: “Bravo, Lobov!”.
And the reason for such a telegram was a weighty one: our fighters from the Lobov aviation group set up an ambush for the American B-29 bombers, which, making night flights, dropped dozens of tons of deadly bombs on various objects, including the peaceful population of the Korean Republic. That night, many American bombers did not return to base. In America, mourning was declared.
There were other comrades to match Lobov. Deputy Head of the Department Hero of the Soviet Union, Major General I.P. Laveikin. He received a hero at the beginning of the war, and this period was difficult for our aviation: the air advantage was behind the Nazis. Therefore, victories in the initial period of the war among the pilots, behind the scenes, were valued higher than in subsequent periods. It should be said that Laveikin was the commander of the squadron, under his command served two excellent pilots, later generals: Hero of the Soviet Union G.A. Baevsky, Deputy Commander of Aviation MVO and twice Hero of the Soviet Union V.I. Popkov.
Col. A.N. After the war, Prokhorov was the chief of staff. Surprisingly modest man. It is difficult to extract something from his combat biography. He made many sorties, but for a long time he was not represented as the Hero of the Soviet Union. It turns out that the reason was that his father was a priest. And the authorities were afraid, and suddenly one of the higher ones would consider that they were glorifying the son of a priest. But there was a chief who asked why Prokhorov was not presented to the title of Hero. And when he was explained the reason, he ordered the presentation to be made immediately. And after the war, Prokhorov, among other pilots, received the second Hero Star.
Twice Hero of the Soviet Union, Colonel A.N. Brandys After the war - the division commander, then work in DOSAAF, service in the Frunze Academy and, finally, in the Academy of the General Staff, where he rose to lieutenant-general.
Among the famous pilots were young teachers, like me, who did not have combat experience, but rather served in the army and mastered more than one type of modern aircraft and helicopters. For example, I, being the commander of a separate helicopter regiment in Torzhok, and then the commander of an experienced aviation group of army aviation, had to work closely with the air defense leadership: on request I allocated helicopters specially equipped for long flights, provided maintenance and other repair work for helicopter units of the Rzhevsky air defense corps.
Such a team of eminent guests visited the Central Committee of the USSR DOSAAF and, of course, met with the excellent combat ace Pokryshkin. But, as before, we saw a great mentor, an amazingly subtle master of communication with people - military and civilian. And we learned from him again. ”
Honesty to Brezhnev
In 1972, Pokryshkin resigns as DOSSAF chief because of the many slanderous moods of some civil bureaucrats. According to the denunciation of one of the officials, a large-scale audit of the entire financial documentation of the company begins. Alexander Ivanovich suffered this too.
According to the results of the inspection, he was awarded the Order of Lenin, but this award was no longer joyful for him because his name was still dragged into dirty squabbles, and he was above it. And for the sake of his truth, for the sake of his honor, a real officer could not agree with his honest soul as an officer.
Yes, he was really Russian officers, who were able to preserve the concept of honor and dignity, without going on small knees in front of imperious men. Relatives of Alexander Ivanovich remember how different persons approached Brezhnev every now and then approached their father and asked him to speak about the Secretary General with a kind word. Such requests began to be especially insistent after the publication of the book “Little Earth”, in which Leonid Ilyich wrote that he knew best about the situation in the sky Pokryshkin. And when Alexander Ivanovich started receiving calls with a request to tell about the heroic role of the general secretary during the war years, he told everyone that he had never met Brezhnev during the war and never walked alongside him at the Victory Parade in 1945. By the way, Leonid Ilyich himself at the meeting with Pokryshkin said: Do you remember how we were at the Parade together? ”. To which Pokryshkin replied that he did not remember such a case. Brezhnev did not like this, and he did not interfere with the officials, who subsequently launched the humiliating check of DOSAAF. But here, too, Brezhnev had nothing to say, because Pokryshkin’s crystal honesty, compared with the theft of those in power, was simply amazing for that time, and for ours too.
The foundation of morality
Fate measured Pokryshkin a few more years so that he could summarize his experience in the book. Despite his illness, he finished the work, and each time he called the editors and asked him to tell him about the timing of the book’s release, how the proofreading was progressing, what type of text would be printed. He was interested in almost all the little things associated with the publication of the book. And this also showed his highest professionalism, the desire to do everything at the highest level.
The Pokryshkin case continues in the destinies and affairs of the present generation, which finds in the fate of this amazing pilot personally powerful spiritual and moral guiding lines. The name of Pokryshkin becomes a kind of banner for new accomplishments and deeds.
In the military homeland of Pokryshkin, Kuban, in the 90-ies a new organization, Young Busheshinkers, was born. And in the Rostov region, under the authority of the Council of Veterans of the Fourth Red Banner Air Army, the Falcons of Russia began to appear. It was these badges that schoolchildren in different schools began to receive for good study, exemplary behavior, and active participation in public life. Moreover, this title must be confirmed several times during the entire period of study at school. And how the life of the boys and girls who put on the “Falcons of Russia” pin badge will show further. But the main thing today is that they stood on the spiritual wing, which their senior mentors were able to substitute in time for them. Viktor Vladimirovich Grishin, Chairman of the Union of War Veterans and Military Service 4 of the Red Banner Air Army, conducts a great educational and explanatory work aimed at perpetuating the name of the legendary pilot. Thanks to these initiatives, in three schools of the region appeared a museum dedicated to Pokryshkin and his comrades. These museums veterans try to maintain and replenish them with interesting exhibits, clearly demonstrating the power and importance of air force.
S.N. Zakharov, president of the Marshal AI Pokryshkin Memorial Complex Foundation, in his article “We are fellow countrymen of Pokryshkin told that for more than a decade the work on perpetuating the memory of the national hero of Russia in the Novosibirsk region was held by the Memorial Foundation of Marshal A.I. Pokryshkina ". Created on the initiative and with the direct organizational, technical and financial participation of the foundation, the monument to Pokryshkin opened on May 8, opened on May 2005, became one of the main symbols of modern Novosibirsk. In 2010, the rally "March of the Victory" was organized in the places of military glory of A.I. Pokryshkina, which was attended by the public of the Volgograd region and the Krasnodar Territory.
The fund’s activities have long since reached the interregional and international level. During 2012, the foundation carried out close cooperation with the National Aviation and Cosmonautics Museum of the Smithsonian Institution (Washington), where a portrait of Pokryshkin was placed in the galleries of the most prominent aces. This museum is visited annually by millions of people from different countries.
But it turned out that for many years obsolete materials about Alexander Ivanovich were presented in the museum exposition. The fund provided the updated information to the museum, transferred a choice of several photos with the correct set of awards for placement in the exposition. And 27 November 2012, the new portrait of the outstanding Soviet ace has taken a worthy place in the gallery. Thus, the foundation managed to restore historical justice in relation to the biography of the national hero of our country.
2013 year in the Novosibirsk region by order of the governor was recognized as the year of Alexander Ivanovich Pokryshkin.
Life and feats of Pokryshkin in today's, far from simple time, rise to the defense of the future of the Russian state. Today it is possible and necessary to declare to the whole world that the historical memory of our Fatherland is strong, that the exploits and life of Pokryshkin are in the foundation of Russia's morality.
A completely different "lilac", or the Heirs of Pokryshkin
Valentin Samusev lived in Zhukovsky (formerly Stakhanovo) from 1939. And he was born 1 February 1938 of the year in Evpatoria, where his father, a graduate of the Yeysk Flight School, served in that time, in the future Honored Test Pilot of the USSR Samusev Mikhail Alekseevich.
About Valentina told the Honored Test Pilot of Russia A.S. Gusev.
The boy grew up surrounded by test-pilots TsAGI-LII - friends and comrades of his father. I read books about the exploits of Chkalov, Pokryshkin, Kozhedub, so from childhood the question “who to be?” Did not arise - only a pilot! The first flight on the Yak-18 was made at the Kolomna Aeroclub DOSAAF, and after finishing it, he became a cadet at first, VASHPOL (city of Kamenka), and then Orlovsky VAUL, where he flew an IL-28 aircraft.
In the 1960 year, after a massive (Khrushchev) transfer to the reserve, in September, Valentina Stepanovna Grizodubova was accepted and became a pilot in the company, which she created and headed. For several years, famous test pilots and excellent instructors I.V. Einis, L.I. Taroshchin and others helped to master Lee-2, IL-12, IL-14, Yak-12.
In 1964, Valentina Grizodubova sent Valentina Samusev to the test pilot school, where he obtained the necessary knowledge and admission to perform test work on all the flying MiG, Su and Yak fighters by that time.
After graduating from the school of test pilots, he was transferred to the Kratovskaya flight test base NILITS (NPO "Takeoff"), where he flew until 2006, and worked as head of the flight test complex.
At the Kratovo LIIB, he immediately began intensive work on Yak-25 and Yak-27 aircraft, on the range - on the MiG-19, on the Kirovskoye airfield - on the Yak-25РВ. Even studies at the Moscow Institute of Civil Aviation Engineers did not interrupt business trips to landfills, air defense and airfield airfields.
In 1966, the Yak-28I aircraft was received in Irkutsk, which later, based on the factory airfields of the cities of Novosibirsk and Kuibyshev, for several years conducted tests of active jamming stations “Lily of the Valley”, “Lilac” and others.
Valentine flew to the homeland of Pokryshkin, and as soon as the opportunity presented itself, he visited the grave of Pokryshkin and laid flowers. Pokryshkin is always in his soul. A book about him today lies on his desktop.
In 1968, at the plant in Tbilisi, Valentin Mikhailovich took on a brand-new MiG-21US fleet, which, after being converted into a flying laboratory, carried out an enormous amount of work on the characteristics of ballistic missiles, flying at the Tyur-Tam and Plesetsk test sites.
On the aircraft laboratory, the Tu-104 conducted a research phase of the onboard radar Zaslon created for the MiG-31. And in 1980, at the flying laboratory of the Tu-104, equipped for dumping special reagents, he conducted a test on the topic "Thunderstorm", performing flights in power-cloud clouds to study the methods and methods of its destruction.
But his main work was flying fighters. On the plane MiG-21 conducted research on the simulation of the flight of a cruise missile at extremely low altitude with a curvature of the terrain. On the Su-17М2 - flights with a steep dive from 11 altitude kilometers to 3 kilometers to create missiles with a television guidance head and absolute accuracy of impact. For several years, the MiG-19, MiG-21, Yak-25РВ, MiG-25 aircraft flew to create and upgrade C-200, C-300, C-400 missile systems, as well as air defense belts around Moscow.
This is not a complete list of the tests that Valentin Samusev carried out under the programs of defense enterprises, institutes, the USSR Academy of Sciences, and the Ministry of Defense.
For 46 years of work carried out test flights in the MiG-17, MiG-19, MiG-21, MiG-25, IL-28, IL-18, IL-76, Tu-124, Tu-134, Tu-104, Tu -16, Su-7, Su-9, Su-17М2, An-26, An-12, Yak-25, Yak-27, Yak-28, Yak-25РВ, and-1Л and their modifications.
In 1988, Valentin Samusev was awarded the title of Honored Test Pilot of the USSR. After retirement, he, like Pokryshkin, did not stay aside from the problems of his colleagues. Federal Law No. 213 of April 24 2009, which significantly changed the pension support of the flight test crew, was adopted with his direct participation.