Military Review

American aircraft carrier raid on Japan

39
American aircraft carrier raid on Japan



Once the brave Captains of Heaven ran into the same crazy Saviors of the Galaxies. A plot worthy of the best samurai legends! The heavenly captains themselves prefer not to recall the events of that day. Just think, the super-AUG from the 9 aircraft carriers received such a non-illusion action that was forced to flee!

This история tells about the events of March 19, 1945, promising to be the end of the Imperial fleetbut resulting in nothing.



“Hornet”, “Yorktown”, “Wasp”, “Bennington”, “Franklin”, “Banker Hill”, “San Jacinto”, “Bello Wood” and “Bataan” moved forward on the enemy in a dense guard ring from cruisers , battleships and fifty destroyers. The 58 compound superscade was the most numerous combat ship combination in history, whose strike potential surpassed all the fleets of the world combined. The purpose of the campaign - the Japanese naval base Kure.

At dawn on the 19th, the first links of the deck aviation let's take off. And it started ...

The Yankees understood that the matter was amiss when the “Corsairs” from the VBF-10 squadron faced an unknown adversary. The pilots did not immediately understand who they were dealing with. Unknown aircraft of the new type with red circles on the wings and a short, concise “343” on the tail. And in no way inferior in their characteristics to American fighters.

The mighty “Corsairs” fought off, but were forced to return to their “Bunker Hill”. In their reports, the pilots noted, “high discipline, excellent tactics and enemy flight skills.” At this time, it was reported that the same “343” aircraft were tearing up the VBF-17 squadron. Despite the fact that VBF-17 consisted of aces of naval aviation, flying on fighters "Hellkat", considered among the strongest in its class. The result - unknown Japanese aces destroyed the 8 Hellcats, at the cost of losing six of their fighters. Exchange is more than fair. And for the US Navy Aviation model 1945, just insulting. By that time, the Yankees had considered heaven for two years their legal possessions.



The following distribution got VFM-123. The half-hour duel ended with the rout of the squadron, three “Corsairs” were shot down, five were damaged, and the captains of the heavens fled. Three of those who returned due to their damage posed a threat to other aircraft on the deck of an aircraft carrier. The Yankees immediately pushed them overboard.

Meanwhile, in the squadron headquarters at Missouri received a radiogram: “We lost“ Franklin ”.

That morning, “Franklin” was 50 miles off the coast of Japan, cheerfully releasing shock groups when a Japanese bomber fell out of the clouds and “congratulated” the Americans with half a ton of morning freshness.

Of course, this could not happen. After all, everyone knows what the layered defense of an aircraft carrier group looks like. A thick curtain of air patrols, behind which are air defense ships bristling with radar and anti-aircraft guns. However, historical fact. An unknown Japanese pilot broke through the defenses and dropped two 250 kg bombs. And with impunity flew over the clouds. The exact type of bomber has not been established yet.



At that moment, the 30 was fully on the deck of the Franklin, and the aircraft were fully fueled and prepared for departure, and in the hangar, in a crowded state, were also 22 aircraft units, some of which also had suspended armament. As a result, everything that could possibly have burned on the aircraft carrier, including 700 seafarers (according to other 807 data). Brutal statistics. As a result of a fire that escaped control, “Franklin” received a dangerous 13 ° roll on the PB, lost its turn, the entire wing of the wing and the third part of its crew. Perfectly seeing his condition, the survivors gathered on the flight deck and prepared for evacuation. At this time, the “Missouri” decided the question: to give destroyers an order to finish off “Franklin” with torpedoes or try to save him. Assessing the situation, the command came to the conclusion that the likelihood of a repeated attack is small, the ships of the 58 Connection control the situation at sea and in the air to a sufficient degree. The heavy cruiser “Pittsburgh” tensed and dragged the “wounded animal” across the ocean.



At this his misadventures are not over. Upon returning to Pearl Harbor, the commander will smash an already damaged aircraft carrier against the dock gate. And then it turns out that all the shipyards on the west coast of the United States are filled with ships that were damaged by kamikazes. And “Franklin” will have to go through the Panama Canal to New York. His repair will end after the war, but he will never go to sea.


Arrive in New York

Together with “Franklin” during the operation, the same type of “Wasp” was damaged. The fires were brought under control, but the aircraft carrier was forced to immediately return to repair in the United States. Super squadron lost two aircraft carrier ships in a day!

And in the evening sky the silhouettes of the carriers of the “Oka” projectile aircraft appeared. Kamikaze went into battle ...

Not daring to tempt fate any more, the Yankees retreated south to bomb objects at the southern tip of Fr. Kyushu (in fact, they fled without fulfilling their main mission, defeating the Navy Kure). Two weeks later, “58 Compound” will be in the same composition to sink “Yamato”. And all because the sink it in the parking lot in Kure did not work.

The Yankees on that day did little at all. From the air waves from the 300 aircraft, units were able to break through to the target. Which immediately came under heavy air defense fire.

As a result, cosmetic damage was received by the battle cruiser Haruna (one hit). Two more bombs hit the “Hyuga” and “Ise” (which were long before the raid was put into reserve). The light cruiser “Oyodo” was badly damaged (nevertheless, it was brought to a combat-ready state in 12 days). The bomb was also damaged by the aft lift of the aircraft carrier “Amagi”. Everything.

In fact, the goals of the operation were not achieved. None of the targets sank. Most of the Japanese ships did not receive any damage at all (as in the Yamato harbor). Return “Pearl Harbor” turned into a waste of time. Provided that the cost of equipment squadron, and fuel consumption on the transoceanic transition squadron of hundreds of ships.

Given the loss of “Franklin” and its wing, we can safely talk about the tactical victory of the Japanese. A blow to Kure had its strategic consequences, delaying the defeat of Japan in the war.

All this was made possible thanks to the air barrier, which stood in the way of the wings of nine American aircraft carriers. The elite unit “343 th kokutai” under the command of an experienced sea pilot Minoru Genda (direct organizer of the raid on Pearl Harbor). Where were the best aces of Japan assembled on the Kawanishi N1K “Syden-Kai” (“Purple Lightning”) interceptors? The Star Squadron was based at Matsuyama airbase, covering Kura from the naval base.



Genda-san was an opponent of “kamikaze” tactics, believing that a group of well-trained pilots was more effective in defense than a mob of one-off suicides. However, this conclusion is not obvious: the kamikaze also achieved impressive results. Striking the attacking squadrons, the man-controlled "RCC" interrupted 90% of the US Pacific Fleet.

Fighter "Syden-Kai" was considered one of the best interceptors of the Second World War. Equipped with the most powerful cannon armament and the 2000 horsepower take-off engine, he could fight on an equal footing with any “Corsair” and “Mustang”. There is a case when one of the pilots of the “343 th Fighter Group of Naval Aviation”, Kanayoshi Muto, flying on the “Sidane” shot down four American fighters in one battle. Another ace, the one-eyed Saburo Sakai, left 15-ti Hellketov, saving the plane and his life. The only problem was the assault height. Until the end of the war, the Japanese failed to start production of turbocharged engines. As a result, the Super Strengths sailing at high altitudes remained invulnerable to the Sydens.

The Kure naval base will be defeated on July 24 of the year 1945. By that time, Japan will no longer have fuel. On interception units will rise, among them - Kaneyoshi Muto. Attacked by dozens of “Hellcats”, his fighter will disappear amid bursts of sea waves.

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  1. Rurikovich
    Rurikovich 30 December 2015 06: 52
    +8
    Interestingly smile A plus.
    In fact, the Japanese, like the Germans, at the end of the war, before the defeat, were looking for some kind of superweapon that could, in one fell swoop, if not defeat, then at least stop the enemy. Although both lost the resource war ...
    1. Mera joota
      Mera joota 30 December 2015 08: 06
      +6
      Quote: Rurikovich
      In fact, the Japanese, like the Germans, at the end of the war, before the defeat, were looking for some kind of superweapon that could, in one fell swoop, if not defeat, then at least stop the enemy. Although both lost the resource war ...

      Well, it's hard to compare. The Japanese, unlike the Germans, went along a simple path, to fill up the enemy with corpses for the glory of the emperor, they lacked more imagination, nothing close to the V-2, anti-aircraft missiles, jet aircraft, guided air bombs, etc. they did not have.
  2. Onotollah
    Onotollah 30 December 2015 07: 38
    10
    Much of what our "American friends" put their hand to turns to dust and shit.
    So from a nation of samurai made a nation of kawaii animeshnikov, sorry for such words.
    1. teron
      teron 30 December 2015 11: 41
      +8
      Quote: Onotolle
      Much of what our "American friends" put their hand to turns to dust and shit.
      So from a nation of samurai made a nation of kawaii animeshnikov, sorry for such words.


      God grant that you are right, dear. I'm talking about "kawaii anime guys". We border on them and on our borders let them be like the "samurai nation".
      Oleg plus.
      1. Petrix
        Petrix 30 December 2015 13: 22
        +2
        Quote: teron
        let them be like the "samurai nation".

        Better samurai friends than animeshniki enemies. If possible.
        1. BIG
          BIG 1 January 2016 04: 38
          +3
          Quote: Petrix
          Better samurai friends than animeshniki enemies. If possible.

          NOT possible. Rice growers are friends, or anglers, or car makers. But not samurai.
    2. Severok
      Severok 31 December 2015 20: 31
      +2
      I agree entirely. Under the influence of the civilization of "star-striped" profiteers, the people of Japan almost completely lost that morality and national dignity, about which legends remained.
  3. fa2998
    fa2998 30 December 2015 08: 12
    +1
    In principle, since the year 43, the Japanese realized that the war would eventually come to the Japanese islands, to the metropolis, and they were getting ready. The Americans were expecting heavy losses — the Japanese would not give up their islands cheaply. The Japanese also had problems — lack of fuel well-trained pilots. If you want to win by taking a strengthened position, you need to introduce reserves in spite of the losses and continue (maybe change tactics), but the Americans got burned and retreated. Probably, the idea in the US leadership came up that the storming of Japan would turn into millions of victims and intimidate and morally destroy the Japanese by nuclear bombing. hi
    1. Mera joota
      Mera joota 30 December 2015 08: 39
      +8
      Quote: fa2998
      Likely even then the idea was raised in the US leadership that the assault on Japan would result in millions of victims and intimidate and morally destroy the Japanese by nuclear bombing

      Duc is quite a logical decision. Why storm the islands when you can "knock out" the enemy from the war? The result is the same, losses are several times less.
      1. 11 black
        11 black 31 December 2015 18: 53
        +1
        Quote: Mera Joota
        Likely even then the idea was raised in the US leadership that the assault on Japan would result in millions of victims and intimidate and morally destroy the Japanese by nuclear bombing

        Duc is quite a logical decision. Why storm the islands when you can "knock out" the enemy from the war? The result is the same, losses are several times less.

        But this does not justify the terrible choice of targets - what prevented them from attacking military bases? - but no, they hit cities, women and children ...
        In general, an incomprehensible bombardment - Japan has already de facto lost, the USSR entered the war and in the name of all tsushim and the port of Arthur smashed the Quantum army to pieces.
  4. Polkovodetz
    Polkovodetz 30 December 2015 09: 27
    +2
    Quote: Onotolle
    Much of what our "American friends" put their hand to turns to dust and shit.
    So from a nation of samurai made a nation of kawaii animeshnikov, sorry for such words.

    You still forgot to add puppet kawaii animeshnikov. On the other hand, it may be for the better, Japan is geographically closer to Russia than to p-e-n-d-o-s-a-m. Let it be better animeshniki than angry militarists at hand.
  5. Daks67
    Daks67 30 December 2015 09: 52
    +3
    Great article. Many thanks to the author. Where did you get the source? Share the resource.
  6. voyaka uh
    voyaka uh 30 December 2015 10: 56
    +6
    In such a humorous style, by the way, is described
    The largest naval battle in world history.
    1. igordok
      igordok 30 December 2015 11: 50
      +6
      Quote: voyaka uh
      In such a humorous style

      Americans with some irony and respect for the Japanese.
    2. Zymran
      Zymran 30 December 2015 11: 58
      +2
      And what is it called in the English tradition? Googled not found.
  7. snc
    snc 30 December 2015 11: 07
    +8
    "By striking the advancing squadrons, the human-controlled" anti-ship missiles "killed 90% of the US Pacific Fleet." - and the remaining 10% were finished off by the Japanese fleet ?! ))
    If you take the average between the claimed Japanese and Americans, you get about 60 sunken ships. But the percentage of kamikaze who, for one reason or another, have not completed their task, is located in the region of 90%.
    1. Bennert
      Bennert 30 December 2015 21: 42
      +5
      Quote: snc
      it will turn out somewhere 60 sunk ships.

      You discovered the truth
      A large and durable warship cannot be sunk by hitting the surface

      But this does not mean that it cannot be disabled
      Quote: snc
      - and the remaining 10% still finished off the Japanese fleet ?! )))

      constant rotation
      wrecked ships were restored and returned again

      Given the huge number of wrecked ships (hundreds) - this, in theory, could turn the tide of the war. If not for the US industrial capabilities
      Quote: snc
      But the percentage of kamikaze who, for one reason or another, have not completed their task, is located in the region of 90%.

      Few people know that the legendary "Enterprise" ended its journey in such a mournful way, the explosion tore out and threw the aircraft lift a couple of hundred meters

      they, of course, are patched up, but he will never be an aircraft carrier
      1. Cap.Morgan
        Cap.Morgan 30 December 2015 22: 33
        +4
        The fact is that kamikaze was about 3000.
        For so many suicide bombers, the results were modest.
        1. Bennert
          Bennert 30 December 2015 22: 57
          -2
          Quote: Cap.Morgan
          For so many suicide bombers, the results were modest.

          90 percent yus navy in the trash

          this would be enough to stop any fleet of the world
  8. bbss
    bbss 30 December 2015 11: 53
    +3
    Yes, the success of the kamikaze in the article is somewhat overestimated. As well, and the successes of Japanese aces. To bring down combat pilots who do not have sufficient combat experience (namely, such were the majority among the air groups) is not too much merit.
    1. saturn.mmm
      saturn.mmm 30 December 2015 15: 40
      +4
      Quote: bbss
      Bring down combat pilots who do not have enough combat experience

      Is it American in 1945 with no experience? How much does your Americans need to gain experience, has four years of war passed?
  9. Alexey RA
    Alexey RA 30 December 2015 12: 40
    +4
    Of course, this could not happen. After all, everyone knows what the layered defense of an aircraft carrier group looks like. A thick curtain of air patrols, behind which are air defense ships bristling with radar and anti-aircraft guns. However, historical fact. An unknown Japanese pilot broke through the defenses and dropped two 250 kg bombs. And with impunity flew over the clouds. The exact type of bomber has not been established yet.

    This and similar cases of breakthrough of single Japanese aircraft to AB were dismantled at Tsushima. EMNIP, the reason was that the ship's part of the "friend or foe" system, with a large number of targets in the air, began to malfunction and did not have time to process all the signals. As a result, single enemy aircraft could pass through the far and middle zones of the AUG air defense under the guise of their own - the operators simply missed the marks unidentified by the system, hoping that the pilots of the air cover fighters themselves would conduct the selection. smile
    In good weather, it worked ... but if there were clouds on the AUG - wait for trouble.
  10. voyaka uh
    voyaka uh 30 December 2015 12: 45
    +4
    Some interesting photos of the raid on the base of Cure:
    Burning towers of the aircraft carrier Franklin
  11. voyaka uh
    voyaka uh 30 December 2015 12: 47
    +4
    Aircraft Carrier Hornet in Raid on Cure
    The raid, by the way, is considered by Americans to be relatively successful.
    Aircraft from aircraft carriers drowned or damaged in the bay
    Good two dozen Japanese ships: both military and tankers.
    Including aircraft carriers.
    1. ibirus
      ibirus 30 December 2015 19: 39
      +2
      Still would not be considered successful. Who honestly admits the failure of the operation.
      1. Bennert
        Bennert 30 December 2015 21: 49
        +2
        Quote: ibirus
        Who honestly admits the failure of the operation.

        Victory has many fathers, defeat is always an orphan / Galeazzo Ciano /
      2. voyaka uh
        voyaka uh 31 December 2015 16: 32
        +2
        The Americans lost one aircraft carrier, and destroyed part of the ships and airfields
        at the main naval base of the Japanese. As a result, during the storming of Okinawa by the Americans
        weakened Japanese forces from the base could not help their own.
  12. Alexey RA
    Alexey RA 30 December 2015 12: 58
    15
    In fact, the goals of the operation were not achieved. None of the targets sank. Most of the Japanese ships did not receive any damage at all (as in the Yamato harbor). Return “Pearl Harbor” turned into a waste of time. Provided that the cost of equipment squadron, and fuel consumption on the transoceanic transition squadron of hundreds of ships.

    Given the loss of “Franklin” and its wing, we can safely talk about the tactical victory of the Japanese. A blow to Kure had its strategic consequences, delaying the defeat of Japan in the war.

    Hehehehe ... it seems that hitting Kure was the only task of the 58th OS, for which it was necessary to drive the ships from the West Coast.
    Well, this is not so. The attack on Kure was part of the Okinawan landing operation and was carried out during the pre-landing stage - to isolate Okinawa from the Metropolis. The main purpose of this stage was not even the base - the task was to storm the airfields in Kyushu and knock out enemy aviation reserves that could strike at DESO near Okinawa. After this unsuccessful episode, the "devastated" 58 OS fought in Okinawa for another 3 months, sinking the Yamato at the same time.
    And no transoceanic transition wasn’t - the base of AV since the landing on Iwo Jima was the Uliti Atoll.

    The failure of the raid did not have any strategic consequences. Most of the IJN ships in the base were either already combat-ready or still battle-ready. Out of the total IJN payroll, only 1 LK, 1 KRL and 8 EM were able to leave the sea with a known result.
    1. Dimon19661
      Dimon19661 30 December 2015 17: 47
      +4
      I completely agree, but the article is cheap.
      1. tasha
        tasha 30 December 2015 21: 22
        +3
        I agree. Does not correspond to the section History of the site with the title Military Review, neither in style nor in the development of material.
    2. Bennert
      Bennert 30 December 2015 21: 55
      -5
      Quote: Alexey RA
      And there was no transoceanic transition - the base of AB since the time of the landing on Iwo Jima was the Uliti Atoll.

      Ships immediately from New York teleported there
      Quote: Alexey RA
      The main goal of this stage was not even the base - the task was to storm the airfields in Kyushu and knock out enemy aviation reserves that could strike at Okinawa's DESO

      So this is a failure, Stirlitz

      somehow rather weakly stormed airfields

      During the day, April 6, 1945, the US Navy lost six destroyers from kamikaze attacks. On April 7, the battleship Maryland and the heavy aircraft carrier Hancock were damaged. The battleship, having lost 10 anti-aircraft gunners on the upper deck, was still able to hold on for a week, firing at the coast and repelling countless suicide attacks. The aircraft carrier with a twisted deck had to immediately go for repairs to the United States (a fire broke out at the cost of the death of 62 sailors, another 72 were burned).

      April 16, 1945 the kamikaze was damaged (for the fourth time!) aircraft carrier "Intrepid" - by a lucky chance, the damage was small, the crew was able to restore the combat efficiency of the ship in just three hours. However, the very next day, Intrepid was forced to leave for repairs in San Francisco.


      Quote: Alexey RA
      The main goal of this stage was not even a base

      Base
      they tried to destroy it all year
      Quote: Alexey RA
      Of the entire list of IJN members at sea, only 1 lx, 1 KRL and 8 EM - with a known result.

      But what a!
  13. Warrior2015
    Warrior2015 30 December 2015 13: 33
    +2
    Brilliantly written article! One can only add that Wasp (transliterated as Wasp) was already another aircraft carrier, New-Wasp, named after the one who died during the war in 1942 (or some might think that it was the same veteran).
  14. Taoist
    Taoist 30 December 2015 17: 08
    +3
    Well, one of the few cases when I add Kaptsov without any "back thought" ... Maybe sometimes. When it stops making "far-reaching conclusions" ... ;-)
  15. Cap.Morgan
    Cap.Morgan 30 December 2015 22: 31
    +5
    Only the Hellcat in 45 meters is already a seriously obsolete machine, used only due to the good mastery of the pilots, and of course a large number of machines. Americans during this period had an absolute advantage in the air.
    1. Scraptor
      Scraptor 6 January 2016 09: 09
      +1
      The B-29 was reachable by Japanese fighters in height; they simply did not climb to intercept small groups of American aircraft while saving fuel. To shoot down one heavy bomber is certainly not the same as destroying a large warship. The use of modern aviation and kamikaze made it impossible for strikes by naval forces on Japan proper, and even more so, in principle, an ocean landing on it was impossible. Therefore, if even the destruction of the Japanese base in Kura would have been possible, then this would not have given the Americans anything. The raid of the 38th compound (more precisely, the maneuvers) is a purely propaganda move, like the Dullittle raid and infantile Americans are very proud of both wassat

      Quote: Cap.Morgan
      Americans during this period had an absolute advantage in the air.

      Americans no longer possessed it
      Quote: https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Messerschmitt_Me.262

      An aircraft similar to Me.262 was also developed in Japan. In 1943, an agreement on mutual technical assistance was signed between Japan and Germany. Soon after, the Japanese side announced their desire to acquire licenses for the production of Me.163 and Me.262 fighters, including the Schwalbe engines BMW-003 and Jumo-004. After lengthy negotiations, the documentation for Me.262 was sent to Japan in two Japanese submarines [Note 7], but both were sunk on their way home. Japan got only a small part of the documents, mainly a photocopy of the BMW 003 engine maintenance manual. There were also photographs of the aircraft itself [49].
      In September 1944, the Japanese naval headquarters ordered Nakajima to develop a turbojet fighter-bomber similar to Me.262. Externally designed aircraft was similar to the German counterpart, but had a smaller size and rougher shapes. The wings of the plane were folding. As a power plant, a reduced analogue of the BMW-003 engine with a thrust of 475 kg was used. The fighter, designated J8N-1 “Kikka”, made its first flight on August 7, 1945 [6] [50], the day after the atomic bombing of Hiroshima. About a month later, by the time of the surrender of Japan, there were 19 [6] [51] (according to other sources, 25) machines in varying degrees of readiness. After surrender, all work on the aircraft was discontinued [49].
      In addition, at the end of the war in Japan, the production of a licensed copy of Me.262, the Nakajima Ki-201 Karyu fighter, began, but this aircraft was never used [50].

      In addition to the speed advantage, its jet engines, unlike piston engines, worked on kerosene, which is much easier to synthetically produce, and practically do not use oil.

      If it were not for the entry of the USSR into the war and the capture of Detachment 731 by the Soviet airborne troops on the day of the Nagasaki bombing by the Americans, then the IJN responded to half a year of conventional bombing and the use of the atom in the United States from conventional and aircraft-carrying submarines with their bacteriological WMD, which they did not in Manchuria how many of the bull-calves, how many of the Chinese, and not only he was tested on them. And then America, not Japan, would lose the war. And on the contrary, the Japanese aristocracy had to dash back onto the American Masonic leash, otherwise the USSR would force narrow straits to Japan and the T-34-85 and Is-3 would go on the streets of Japanese cities in a couple of months.

      But how can the American and world infantile community explain America's steepness? In order to cover up her in fact naughty in such a savage way helplessness from the guaranteed response? Only by such "maneuvers" ...
      1. Scraptor
        Scraptor 6 January 2016 09: 31
        0
        In fact, the Japanese aristocracy is certainly shameful - they should have surrendered to the one who really defeated them, but instead they began to teach their children in schools that the USSR applied atomic power to them ... what
  16. tasha
    tasha 31 December 2015 00: 19
    +4
    A case is known when one of the pilots of the “343-th fighter group of naval aviation”, Kaneyoshi Muto, flying on the “Side”, shot down four American fighters in one battle.


    In the memoirs of Saburo Sakai (another inventor, by the way) it is written that four "Hellkets" on the "Shiden" in one battle on March 19 were shot down by the pilot Sichi Sugita.

    And in the same place: "Kinsuke Muto brilliantly fought in the spring of 1945, when he was in Yokosuka. February 26 was his star day, when he attacked 12 Corsairs that were firing at Tokyo in an obsolete Zero. Muto took off from Atsugi airbase and immediately crashed into The amazed American pilots darted in different directions from the lone Zero. The 2 Corsairs collapsed to the ground in flames before the enemies hunted for Muto. In a fierce, almost unbelievable battle that took place over Atsugi and Yokosuka, Muto confused opponents with fantastic performance of aerobatics. Despite their desperate efforts, "Corsairs" were unable to catch the Japanese fighter in sights. Constantly attacking, almost ramming the enemy, Muto forced the "Corsairs" to think about their own skin, and not about victory. shoot down 2 more planes Finally he ran out of ammunition and withdrew from the battle.
    He died 4 months later. In June he was transferred to Okinawa, with Muto still flying the old Zero. He was last seen attacking the Liberator heavy bomber near Yakushima. As our pilots later reported, Muto came close to him and put several bursts into a four-engine bomber. He never noticed the "Mustang", which dived at him at great speed. The American line chopped off the Zero's right wing. "

    The raid of the 58 compound was part of the preparatory measures for landing on Okinawa. During the attacks on the airfields and bases of Kyushu and others from 16 to 20.03, the Japanese lost, according to American data, several hundred airplanes in the air and on the ground. Even if these data were considered overpriced (the Japanese took the north part of the aircraft), all this (as well as the destruction of the fuel depots in Kure) led to the fact that during the operation in Okinawa, the Yamato LC went to sea, accompanied by a cruiser and 8 destroyers, without air cover against 300 American aircraft.
  17. Severok01
    Severok01 31 December 2015 01: 06
    -3
    If Japan then fought only with the United States, they would have won the 100% war
  18. philosopher
    philosopher 31 December 2015 08: 20
    +2
    I think everyone knows, but it is rarely mentioned that Japan capitulated not after the sinking of its fleet, and not even after two atomic bombings, but only after it lost its army, most of which was at that time in Manjuria and was defeated by the Soviet by the troops.
    It was possible to live without a fleet, and if the Japanese had gone on the defensive in time, it is still unknown when World War II would have ended completely and with what results.
    1. CTABEP
      CTABEP 5 January 2016 18: 33
      +1
      The fact is that Japan had resources with a gulkin nose compared to the USA, and after the defeat of the military and merchant fleet, they were locked up on their islands. A land group in Manjuria would sit there, and Japanese cities would be devastated by shelling and air strikes. The end was inevitable, it became clear when the war dragged on and the Japanese could not quickly destroy the US Navy.
  19. Warrior2015
    Warrior2015 31 December 2015 16: 29
    +1
    Quote: philosopher
    I think everyone knows, but it is rarely mentioned that Japan capitulated not after the sinking of its fleet, and not even after two atomic bombings, but only after it lost its army, most of which was at that time in Manjuria and was defeated by the Soviet by the troops.

    The fact is that the main forces of the Japanese land army were not involved in Manchuzhria at all - it was considered a minor quiet area, and half of the Manchurian army was garrison units, and a third of the allied forces of Japan - and in China and Burma. And it does not look wild, but it was precisely on the islands of the Pacific against the US troops that there were very selected units. So the defeat of the forces of the Japanese in Manchuria simply gave the geopolitical advantages of the USSR, but on the whole had little to do with defeating Japan itself, since Manchchuria is just a vassal state. But the Yankees, dropping a couple of nuclear bombs on the Japanese islands proper, BROKEN THE SPIRIT, DUMMED IN THE JAPANESE EVEN READINESS TO DIE FOR THE EMPEROR, because they simply couldn’t do any harm to the Amer, and nobody knew that the Yankees had all 3 such charges, and not for example XNX .

    And reading about the atrocities of the samurians in China, Korea and Manchuria (such that the Nazis look like children in general at the matinee), who did it from 1932, well, that's not how you see the justice of retribution ...

    By the way, even in 45, the Nippos had very few Sydens, and the problems with fuel were downright catastrophic ...
  20. Warrior2015
    Warrior2015 15 January 2016 23: 06
    0
    Quote: Severok01
    If Japan then fought only with the United States, they would have won the 100% war
    Well, actually this is not the case at all. All the hardships of the war in the Pacific Ocean were actually pulled out by the United States, all allies such as England, Holland, Australia were far behind both in activity in battles and in industrial production. 90 aircraft carriers vs. 12 - this is not a pound of raisin for you ...

    Quote: Scraptor
    a couple more weeks and the IJN responded to six months of conventional bombing and the use of an atom in the US from conventional and aircraft carrying submarines with its bacteriological WMD,
    Comrade, you seem to me a little mistaken. "Kikka" was a seriously undeveloped aircraft, and their commissioning - in contrast to the German Schwalbe - was a matter of considerable time, not to mention the production and fuel resources, which Nipponia was already deprived of. Bacteriological weapons, as was confirmed by Soviet scientists, turned out to be extremely ineffective (the Japanese even once sprayed pneumonic plague over one Chinese city - and in general they could not create an artificial epidemic) - while a vigorous bomb could erase an entire city at once with all the inhabitants ...
    1. 3danimal
      3danimal 20 March 2017 07: 44
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      I completely agree. It’s just that some people like to remake a real story with an alternative one.
      Japan has already come to the fore in this war, and the threat of large-scale atomic bombings has broken the morale of the leadership. Indeed, otherwise they doomed their people to senseless death, even from the point of view of a samurai, because of the impossibility of joining the last battle to millions of potential victims.
  21. antivirus
    antivirus 9 October 2016 18: 28
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    water sharpens a stone
  22. antivirus
    antivirus 9 October 2016 18: 31
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    Quote: philosopher
    I think everyone knows, but it is rarely mentioned that Japan capitulated not after the sinking of its fleet, and not even after two atomic bombings, but only after it lost its army, most of which was at that time in Manjuria and was defeated by the Soviet by the troops.
    It was possible to live without a fleet, and if the Japanese had gone on the defensive in time, it is still unknown when World War II would have ended completely and with what results.

    all together, and not just the brave look of a sailor in a tavern, led to the victory of the United States over Yap
    1. Dalailama
      Dalailama 10 January 2018 04: 08
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      There was no US victory over Yap
      If it weren’t for the USSR, less than a month later it had come to the mattresses themselves, not a single Japanese submarine aircraft carrier was sunk by the Americans during the war.
      1. Warrior2015
        Warrior2015 9 July 2018 14: 32
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        Quote: DalaiLama
        If it weren’t for the USSR, less than a month later it had come to the mattresses themselves, not a single Japanese submarine aircraft carrier was sunk by the Americans during the war.

        Yeah. only they rotted in Japanese ports without fuel and without trained pilots. What surface, what underwater. The realized effectiveness of total submarine warfare - something that the Germans failed in the Atlantic, the Yankees in the Pacific Ocean fully realized.