Military Review

Why did they demolish the hotel Moscow and burned the Manezh building

28



In the 2004 year, under Luzhkov, the Moscow Hotel on Manezhnaya Square was demolished for obscure reasons. This action was called the "reconstruction" by the Moscow authorities. The official version of the reasons for the demolition was the allegedly morally outdated planning solution (the hotel rooms were too small and did not meet the “modern standards”) and the alleged impossibility of reconstruction without complete demolition of the building. Anyone, even a beginner, an architect will immediately tell you that this is complete nonsense. It could be elementary to solve the problem by banal uniting two or three rooms into one without any damage to building structures. The whole point is that this "problem" was not the real reason for dismantling. In the opinion of Vyacheslav Glazychev, a professor at the Moscow Architectural Institute, the purpose of “reconstruction” was theft, since there were no objective reasons for the demolition of such a giant building in the very center of Moscow, built only at the beginning of the 30 of the 20th century, whose designs were in satisfactory condition and could consistently serve another good hundred years. Indeed, in the process of “reconstruction”, unidentified individuals stole more than 87 million dollars allocated from the city budget. But, it must be said that on the scale of such a giant construction (more than 185 000 м2) and, given the complexity of the finishing works, the amount of stolen funds is not so glaring. The fact of theft itself is, and the amount on the scale of construction is not. It does not exceed 10% of total costs and a purely technical justification for such an over-expenditure of funds is not a big deal for experienced “builders”.

* * *

The Moscow Hotel is located on the place where the Neglinka River flowed in the XIX century. Now it is enclosed in an underground collector. However, throughout the 19th century, flooding of this section with flood waters occurred regularly and only hydraulic structures of the 20th century allowed to finally stabilize the groundwater level in the area throughout the year. The quarter with the Grand Hotel, on the site of which the Moscow Hotel was built in 30, was located at the place where the very bed of the Neglinka once passed. At one time, a pile field of oak piles was made here to strengthen the marshy soil. Huge trunks were driven into the wet ground and, due to the oak's ability to gain strength, being submerged in water, the ground in this area was stabilized, which made it possible to begin capital construction on it in the 19th century.


(Construction of the Okhotny Ryad shopping and entertainment center. Archival photo)

In 1995, Yuri Mikhailovich Luzhkov started a grandiose construction on Manezhnaya Square - the Okhotny Ryad shopping center, a complex that goes underground several levels with a lower depth of more than 18 meters from the surface. The construction of one of the largest underground shopping and entertainment centers in Europe, with an area of ​​63 m000, was completed in record time: it took two years to do everything. Even at the beginning of the survey work, many experts voiced the danger of digging such a huge "hole" in the historical center of Moscow, but a quick examination commissioned by the Moscow government showed that historical buildings near the construction site are not in danger. But back in 2002, from the lips of a distinguished academician of architectural and construction sciences, I heard a forecast made by him in a private conversation that if the Moscow hotel is not demolished in the near future, it will soon fall apart ...

During this period, in the immediate vicinity of Manezh Square, the massive 22-storey Intourist hotel complex was located on Tverskaya Street, on the site of which The Ritz-Carlton Moscow Hotel was built in half the size.
According to the academician, this was only the first swallow, which should be followed by the "already sentenced" hotel Moscow ...

I immediately recalled the recent (at that time) events in New York - the terrorist attack on the twin towers. After their collapse, a day later, several massive multi-storey buildings collapsed in the adjacent business districts.


(The square of the 50 anniversary of October (now: Manezhnaya Square). Archival photo. The Hotel Moscow is on the right, the Intourist Hotel’s high-rise building is on the left

As a result of the construction of an underground shopping center, the groundwater level in the Manezhnaya Square was artificially significantly reduced to prevent flooding of the pit. And the oak pile field under the foundation of the Moscow Hotel turned out to be drained. The wooden piles began to rot. This process could take a long time, but its first manifestations were to be expected already in 10-15 years - subsidence of foundations, cracks in the walls, etc. But then the result of an engineering error would have become obvious. And given the concerns expressed by specialists, one could speak not about an error, but about a deliberately negligence or even targeted sabotage. Therefore, after 7 years after the construction of the Okhotny Ryad shopping center, the Hotel Moscow was dismantled for a ridiculous and clearly contrived reason. The prediction of the academic was coming true. Traces of “sabotage” during the renovation were carefully cleaned up - so under the new building a giant multi-level parking lot appeared.

In the same year, 2004, the “Manezh” building “unexpectedly” burned down. These were the two massive capital buildings closest to the Okhotny Ryad shopping center. Both are monuments of architecture.


(Fire in Manezh building. Archival photo)


(Fully burnt-out building of the Manege. Archival photo)

According to the official version, the fire started on the roof due to a short circuit and after 15-20 minutes, covered the area in 9 000 м2, as a result of which the building burned out completely. However, the chairman of the Moscow Committee for Culture, Sergei Khudyakov, told Interfax at the time that there was no wiring, as well as electrical equipment on the roof of the Manezh. The very next day after the fire, Luzhkov spoke at a Moscow TV channel, presenting to the public a project to reconstruct the Manezh building in a new “modern” manner. There were drawings, plans, cuts, and even a mock-up with landscaping. And, of course, a new, “salvific” underground level appeared under the renovated building. But did this voluminous project work really be done in just one postfire night !?


(Manege Square. 2003 space photography of the year)

PS
In 2005, I designed a Moscow apartment for a gallery owner. It contains in Germany a private museum of Soviet photography 20-30-ies and constructivist art. He lives in three countries: Russia - Germany - USA. Rich man. He is still a “bug” - he will never miss her. The contents of the interiors of the former Moscow Hotel (Stalin’s Empire) were extremely interested in him as a collector. He turned on all his connections to try to go out to those who could have purchased these items - chandeliers, doors, furniture, dishes, paintings (there were several paintings in the style of Soviet realism in each hotel room and in the corridors); in a word, he was interested in absolutely everything. I remember how, with undisguised annoyance and great surprise, he told me that he could not find any ends, even a hint, in whose hands all these subjects ended up. All that is now in the interior of the replica - cheap Turkish crafts from shit and plastic. These items have not surfaced since at any auction or in any private collection.
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  1. venaya
    venaya 26 December 2015 06: 15
    15
    Strictly according to the principle voiced in the film "Operation Y, and other adventures ..." - nothing to steal, everything was stolen a long time ago.
    1. Loreal
      Loreal 26 December 2015 16: 44
      +1
      I immediately recalled the recent (at that time) events in New York - the terrorist attack on the twin towers. After their collapse, a day later, several massive multi-storey buildings collapsed in the adjacent business districts.

      the author of the quotation mark forgot to put
  2. My address
    My address 26 December 2015 07: 17
    54
    Anecdote in the topic:
    The trouble of Russia is not fools. No more of them than in other countries.
    The trouble of Russia is not on the roads. Bad roads are a reason to make them good.
    The trouble of Russia is that the rich can not get drunk!
    1. The comment was deleted.
    2. Alena Frolovna
      Alena Frolovna 26 December 2015 14: 22
      15
      The trouble of Russia is that the rich can not get drunk!


  3. The comment was deleted.
  4. cap
    cap 26 December 2015 07: 52
    12
    "As a collector, he was extremely interested in the contents of the interiors of the former hotel Moscow (Stalinist Empire) as a collector. He turned on all his connections in order to try to reach out to those who could buy these items - chandeliers, doors, furniture, dishes, painting (in each in the hotel room and in the corridors there were several paintings in the style of Soviet realism); in a word, he was interested in absolutely everything. I remember how, with undisguised annoyance and great surprise, he told me that he could not find any ends, not even a hint of what was in whose hands in the end, all these items turned out. Everything that is now in the interiors of the remake is cheap Turkish crafts made of shit and plastic. These items have not surfaced at any auction or in any private collection since then. "
    How could such a rich man not have guessed to turn to Yu. Luzhkov. He did not know who was "in charge" of Moscow. wassat
    1. PSih2097
      PSih2097 26 December 2015 11: 04
      +5
      Quote: cap
      How could such a rich man not have guessed to turn to Yu. Luzhkov. He did not know who was "in charge" of Moscow. wassat

      It was necessary to contact Baturins ...
      1. Alex777
        Alex777 27 December 2015 22: 11
        0
        To Yeghiazaryan. Do not confuse. )))
    2. demo
      demo 26 December 2015 12: 13
      +5
      Yuri Mikhailovich would have broken such a price that "Mama, don't worry."
      And I wanted for a "hat of crackers".
  5. Born in USSR
    Born in USSR 26 December 2015 07: 59
    19
    Our business partners are something. They are pushing us hard to rebel. This has recently become more noticeable. not understanding how this could end up. However, probably they are doing it on purpose, since all their fortune acquired by back-breaking labor is in the west. Why do they need some sort of Russia. Where they eat there and crap. This is their life credo.
    1. biznaw
      biznaw 26 December 2015 19: 06
      0
      Quote: Born in the USSR
      Our business partners are something. They are pushing us hard to rebel. This has recently become more noticeable. not understanding how this could end up. However, probably they are doing it on purpose, since all their fortune acquired by back-breaking labor is in the west. Why do they need some sort of Russia. Where they eat there and crap. This is their life credo.


      These are not businessmen, these are officials and deputies all cannot get drunk in any way.
  6. aleks700
    aleks700 26 December 2015 08: 20
    +7
    I remember how, with undisguised frustration and great surprise, he told me that he could not find any ends, not even a hint at whose hands all these objects ended up in. All that is now in the interiors of the remake is cheap Turkish crafts made of shit and plastic. At no auction and in any private collection have these items surfaced since then.
    I guess. They took it out like construction waste to a landfill and burned it.
  7. rudolff
    rudolff 26 December 2015 10: 01
    15
    Here is another unsinkable personality, like Serdyukov. Luzhkov. Instead of prison bunks (together with Baturina), an honorable resignation. All criminal cases are closed.
    1. Yarik
      Yarik 26 December 2015 12: 23
      +2
      "Honorable resignation" ... but it would be necessary, at best, "honorable execution." Well, instead of "shameful" hanging. For all the merits.
    2. Cap.Morgan
      Cap.Morgan 26 December 2015 12: 37
      +6
      He has a suitcase of dirt on all those who are now in power. He is in the know. Including events of the early 90s. Well, how can it be planted.
      1. midivan
        midivan 26 December 2015 22: 48
        +5
        Quote: Cap.Morgan
        He has a suitcase of dirt on all those who are now in power. He is in the know. Including events of the early 90s. Well, how can it be planted.

        who will plant him ??? he is ...., but as practice shows, you can hang him yes
  8. Aleksander
    Aleksander 26 December 2015 10: 19
    +8
    Guessing and assuming can be endless, but it is obvious to me that a single-scale new construction in the historical center of Moscow (and other cities) should be CATEGORically PROHIBITED at the legislative level. Such buildings as the Okhotny Ryad shopping center should be built anywhere, but not in the center, otherwise one day you won’t understand where you are ....
  9. kvs207
    kvs207 26 December 2015 10: 21
    +6
    At one time he was struck by this demolition. One of the characters of a bygone era and ruthlessly demolished. There was a TV broadcast where they talked about the sale of interior items from there.
  10. Zebus
    Zebus 26 December 2015 10: 44
    +5
    For the allegedly stolen by the builders - not the fact that everything was really stolen, the builder himself and I know what I am talking about: "Errors in exploration work and design errors (probably all this was), but additional coordination with all authorities and correcting these errors also costs money and quite a lot, etc. etc. And bribes? "
    At no auction and in any private collection have these items surfaced since then.

    That's where the dog rummaged ... These things are worth more than the stolen 87 million bucks.
  11. tegezen
    tegezen 26 December 2015 11: 20
    +3
    There was something like that with the Bolshoi Theater, too, the old interior items disappeared, like Tsiskaridze said that the door handles, the old bronze was changed for some cheap price.
  12. rudolff
    rudolff 26 December 2015 12: 04
    +7
    You can also recall the repair of the 14th building of the Kremlin. The work began in the 11th year, they "buried" almost 8 billion rubles and then they remembered that the building was a remake and had no historical value. Now for demolition.
  13. APASUS
    APASUS 26 December 2015 12: 14
    +5
    Luzhkov and his wife, super businessman Baturin, were the first signs to work out a system of avoiding responsibility. How many times have UNESCO warned the government that remodels are historically inferior and have nothing to do with the original. All Moscow was built in the architectural style of Luzhkovschina - at home with towers. But nothing has changed, and as a result, Luzhkov lives happily in Switzerland. You can continue to infinity a number of names that have done more harm to our country than good and have not suffered a deserved punishment, and so while everything will go on like this in our country, they will steal, and people will live from paycheck to paycheck. And such personalities as Khodorkovsky, Sobchak, Navalny will always find a sponsor !!!
  14. Cap.Morgan
    Cap.Morgan 26 December 2015 12: 39
    +5
    In Moscow, hundreds of houses burned down "by accident" and rebuilt in a completely different look. This topic is interesting and, alas, endless.
  15. Ajevgenij
    Ajevgenij 26 December 2015 14: 50
    +5
    A peculiar topic was raised. It seems that it has nothing to do with VO, but ... It very clearly shows the mentality of rich people who directly affect the security and defense of the country. I myself am an architect, I read a lot and observe. In the vastness of the former USSR, an extremely perverse situation has developed. Any authentic architectural monuments, both ancient buildings and buildings of the late USSR, which have a peculiar aesthetics, are massively destroyed. But then, these same people order projects "as it was". That is, there is a systematic falsification of material history, moreover, these moneybags are constantly crying that there are no historical centers in the Russian Federation, but in Europe ... This is where cognitive dissonance arises, has the richest layers of architecture right at hand, but we send a huge number of resources for the destruction of our heritage, and we are still outraged that we do not have this heritage !!! This is how perverted the minds of the oligarchs are?
  16. moskowit
    moskowit 26 December 2015 15: 28
    +4
    Well, read it, my dear friends. The State Duma building will be demolished in 2020-21 without any explanation at all. Even though the semblance of decency was observed with the Moskva hotel, the engineering base was brought in ...
    And this is an excerpt from my comment yesterday ...

    "..." ... Moscow, March 11. The owner of the development companies Inteko and Mospromstroy Mikhail Gutseriev spoke about the plans for the buildings of the State Duma and the Federation Council in the center of Moscow. According to him, both buildings will be demolished after the officials move to the new parliamentary center in Mnevniki.

    On the site of the State Duma, Gutseriev noted, a large modern hotel or shopping center will be built, and on the site of the Federation Council there will be housing ... "
    So, my friends.
    1. Quzmi4
      Quzmi4 13 December 2016 15: 16
      0
      On the facade of the State Duma (former Gosplan) the USSR emblem still flaunts.
      What is not a worthy cause for demolition, for the very foundation inclusive ...
  17. Reptiloid
    Reptiloid 26 December 2015 20: 55
    +2
    Quote: Ajevgenij
    The theme is raised peculiar. It seems to have no relation to VO, but ...?

    I liked your comment, nevertheless, I do not agree with the quoted line. I think this is the concept of the Small Motherland, the Motherland, as well as this insidious way of destroying the country without external aggression. You did not mention the buildings of the "early" USSR, but they are more defenseless. And many are no longer. But there were some creative achievements!
    On the one hand, in St. Petersburg, where I live differently than in Moscow. But ...... Who knows what might happen in a year or two. Regards
  18. ibirus
    ibirus 26 December 2015 20: 58
    +3
    And what exactly does the author of the article want? We are reaping the fruits of "wild" capitalism - money above all else.
  19. elenagromova
    elenagromova 26 December 2015 21: 28
    +3
    I still remember this building ... But one of the reasons why they began construction of a shopping center on Manezhnaya was that there were large rallies of people who were then opposed to Yeltsinism. Huge rallies of communists and patriots, such that the "swamp" never dreamed of. Yeltsin was really worried about this. So they dug this pit so that they would not gather there.
  20. Vladimir65
    Vladimir65 27 December 2015 00: 17
    +2
    The demolition of the Moskva Hotel and the arson of the Manezh building is indeed an act of concealing a crime. For the sake of building a shopping center in the interests of Luzhkov and his family, monuments of Stalinist architecture of the thirties were destroyed. One of the acts of de-Sovietization.
  21. Warrior2015
    Warrior2015 28 December 2015 00: 19
    0
    The democratizers have destroyed the whole of historical Moscow, one thief, and it drives a thief, and everything is "optimized" and "optimized"!
  22. Ruby
    Ruby 28 December 2015 23: 05
    +1
    Hmm .... I worked for three years at this facility. Engineering systems after builders were brought to working condition. There is something to remember. Interesting was the object. Money was poured in there just not a lot of decent. I don’t know who stole how much there, but probably more banal buried in the stupidity. I don’t know how long it will stand, but something seems to me that is much smaller than the original. Behind the external gloss there is a wagon of problems both in terms of the building structure and engineering, and the problems are practically not solved.
  23. den-protector
    den-protector 15 November 2016 22: 20
    0
    Luzhkov-cap is the same bug with his Lenusya Baturina. Sawing on them crying ...