Military Review

Son of two nations, Marshal of two armies: Konstantin Rokossovsky

Son of two nations, Marshal of two armies: Konstantin Rokossovsky

As a hereditary nobleman and a distant relative of Baron Peter Wrangel, he entered the service in the Red Army and became one of its greatest commanders.
When the 24 of June 1945 of the Year in Moscow on Victory Day Parade took place on Red Square, it was this man who was given the highest honor to command them. Marshal of the Soviet Union Georgy Zhukov took the parade - the same one who commanded the 1 Belarussian Front, whose troops took Berlin. And the commander of the parade was his predecessor in this front-line post, Marshal of the Soviet Union Konstantin Rokossovsky.

In the face of these commanders, the country saw, in fact, two main directions of the Soviet military school. First, Zhukovsky is a harsh, equally merciless one both for one’s own and for one's enemies, putting the achievement of the goal at any price at the forefront. Secondly, Rokossovskoe is much more respectful of a man in uniform and therefore the most valuable is the ability to predict the plans of the enemy and achieve results with the least possible losses.

That is why Marshal Zhukov was remembered most often with the words “Oh, and cool! ..”, balancing his admiration for him as a productive commander with his fear of him as a boss. And because of this, Marshal Rokossovsky was most often spoken of “Clever Man!”, Putting in this short word not only respect for the commander, but also admiration for his ability to respect others.

And hardly anyone from the inhabitants of the Warsaw suburbs, where 21 December either 1894, or 1896, the future marshal was born, suggested what fate awaits the boy. And there would be even fewer those who would venture to predict that it was the son of a poor Polish nobleman who would become the only marshal of two countries in Eastern Europe: his native Poland and the Soviet Union, who became his second, and in fact the main homeland.

Mysteries of the future marshal

A diligent biographer who would take up writing complete and accurate stories life of Konstantin Rokossovsky, you can only sympathize. While the biography of one of the greatest Soviet commanders since the spring of 1940, is not a mystery, his earlier life, in fact, is what it is.

And it is worth starting with the year of birth of the future marshal. He himself in numerous autobiographies initially indicated 1894 year. But with 1919, another date appears in the documents: 1896 year. Apparently, the later year of birth should be considered reliable, and the early one is the result of Rokossovsky’s own additions, which took him a job. And he had a chance to make it as soon as possible! In all the Soviet biographies of the marshal it is said that he was the son of Polish railway engineer Xavier Rokossovsky and Belarusian teachers from Pinsk Antonina Ovsyannikova. Her father died early, in 1902, and his mother, who did not work in her specialty, but at a hosiery factory in Volya, could not contain little Kostya and his two sisters, Maria and Helen. So the boy, who barely knocked six, had to be hired for his first job - kneading dough in a Warsaw confectionery. It was then that I had to make Kostya, more precisely, Constants (Konstanty Rokossowski), as he was called at that time, according to all the documents, would be two years older.

The solution of the riddle with the year of birth of the marshal is directly connected with another riddle - its origin. In all the biographies of the Soviet officer Konstantin Rokossovsky, it was specially emphasized that he was the son of a railwayman and a teacher: it fit perfectly into the concept of proletarian-intelligentsia origin. Indeed, no one will doubt the class loyalty of a person who inherited from his father's commitment to the working class, and from his mother - love of books and the desire for self-education! In fact, the father of Konstantin Ksaveri Wojciech Rokossovsky belonged to the old Polish gentry Rokossovsky family coat of arms Glaubich. In the XIV century, the Rokosovo manor was given to the Polish knight of this clan as a reward for faithful service and valor, and so the name of Rokossovsky appeared in the Armorial of the noble families of the Kingdom of Poland, and then in the Coat of arms of the noble families of the Russian Empire.

Konstantin Konstantinovich Rokossovsky. Photo:

Why the future marshal, and behind him and his official biographers, tried to sidestep this topic, it is clear: not to face twice the Hero of the Soviet Union to have gentry-ancestors! In addition, those who have tried with all their might to liberate Poland from the rule of Russia. Konstantin's great-grandfather, Lieutenant Jozef Rokossovsky, during World War 1812, fought in the ranks of the French army as part of the 2 Uhlan regiment of the Duchy of Warsaw. And much later, in 1863, the elderly Youzef took part in the Polish uprising and was imprisoned in the Warsaw citadel. It is not surprising that during the years of the Civil War, when everyone in Russia remembered the unsuccessful Polish campaign of Tukhachevsky, and the name of Piłsudski except children did not scare, Konstantin Rokossovsky preferred not to specify what kind of tribe his father was using.

By the way, a nobleman Konstantin was also on the line of Antonina Ovsyannikova’s mother. She was a representative of an extensive small local noble family known since 1621. Representatives of the clan lived throughout Russia: in the Tula province, and in Ryazan, and to the west - in Belarus.

Heir Rokasovskih von Wrangel

Finally, there is a third mystery in the biography: after the year of birth and origin, the place of birth also requires clarification.

In his early autobiographies, Rokossovsky himself wrote that he was born in Warsaw, where his parents lived. They are also buried there - at the Brodnovsky cemetery, the 15 site. Mother survived father for nine years, after which she rested next to her beloved husband. In Warsaw, however, both sisters Constantine remained to live after the collapse of the Russian Empire. The problem with exactly where Marshal Rokossovsky appeared in the world arose after the war, when he, as twice Hero of the Soviet Union, was supposed to have a bronze bust in his homeland. There was no question of doing this in Poland: although a fraternal socialist country, it was nonetheless a stranger. Therefore, in a hurry, Rokossovsky picked up a new homeland: the city of Velikie Luki.

The choice was not accidental, but the reason for a long time did not speak out loud. It is understandable: who wants to admit that the new “place of birth” was chosen by the marshal, on the basis of his noble origin, which alone connects him with Velikoluksky land!

The fact is that in the Great Onions after the middle of the XIX century there lived representatives of the baronial family of Rokasovsky. It was one of the branches of the Rokossovsky family: if a part of its representatives fought for the independence of Poland until the end of the XIX century, the other part put their talents in the service of the Russian Empire. Among them was Ivan Nikitich Rokasovsky - a retired brigadier, a landowner in the Gorodok district of the Polotsk province, who owned the Dubokray estate. In this estate were born two of his sons - the eldest Alexei and the younger Plato. They followed in the footsteps of their father, becoming military, and glorified the race in this field.

Alexey was promoted to the rank of lieutenant general, and Plato became a general from infantry, a member of the State Council, and in 1861 – 1866 he was the governor-general of Finland. But at the very end of 1854, by the highest decree, Platon Rokasovsky was raised with all his descending offspring to the baronial dignity of the Grand Duchy of Finland, and his daughter Vera became the wife of Wrangel von Podental. Thus, the kinship between the Rokasovskys and the Wrangels was once again supported: these surnames were sometimes even written through the prefix "von". In particular, it is known that in 1867, the exhibition “Baron Platon Ivanovich Rokasovsky von Wrangel” by Konstantin Makovsky was shown at the exhibition at the Academy of Arts. And there was nothing surprising in this naming of the general: the Rokasovskys, who came from the Dubokray estate, were representatives not only of this Polish gentry surname, but at the same time heirs of the Vitebsk branch of Wrangel, having been born in Russia since the 13th century!

So in the real biography of Marshal Rokossovsky there was a place for an amazing historical coincidence. He, who had sided with the Bolsheviks immediately after the October Revolution, miraculously did not make it to the southern front. Otherwise, Red cavalry Costa Rokossovsky would have had to fight against a distant relative - Baron Peter Wrangel, the last leader of the White Army.

From Warsaw Confectionery - to Dragoon Regiment

Despite the “warlike” origins and the fact that, as the marshal himself later admitted, “from early childhood I was fascinated by books about war, military campaigns, battles, bold cavalry attacks ... My dream was to try everything that was said in books most "on the military path, he stepped away immediately. After the death of his father, the boy, who had added himself to himself for a couple of years, began a working "career" with a dough mixer in a candy store. After that, he managed to change a few more specialties: he was an assistant dentist, he worked in a stocking factory with his mother and sisters. There, Konstantin first became acquainted with the labor movement and became so absorbed in them that 1 of May 1912 of the year came to a demonstration, which ended with an 6-week prison sentence for him.

He came out of there only through the efforts of his uncle Mechislav Davydovskiy, and since he was no longer willing to put up with the young revolutionary at the factory, he went to work as a stonecutter in the workshop of another uncle - Stefan Vysotsky, his aunt Sofia’s husband. Two years later, together with Frantisek Rokossovsky who worked in the same workshop (the son of Uncle Konstantin carried the mother's surname), Vaclav Stronkevich and Kazimir Kizhkovsky, Konstantin Rokossovsky went to the front.

All four went to the war voluntarily, already on the second day: the order of enrollment to the service is dated 2 August 1914. Since Konstantin did not have time to get the six-grade gymnasium education necessary for a volunteer (volunteer), he and his comrade Vaclav were enlisted in the 5 th dragoon Kargopol regiment in the status of “hunters”. As stated in the order, signed by the assistant regiment commander for the combatant unit, Colonel Arthur Schmidt, “the peasant Vatslav Stankevich (the clerk made a mistake in writing the name. - RP.) And the tradesman Konstantin Ksaveryevich Rokossovsky, born in 1894, are considered to be enlisted the regiment as hunters. "

Konstantin Rokossovsky. 1916 year. Photo:

Comrades were assigned to the sixth squadron of the regiment and almost immediately involved in combat work. It is known that after Rokossovsky’s 20 days he distinguished himself on patrol. Having gone along with a colleague for reconnaissance, Konstantin pulled away from a comrade and one entered the village, in which, as it turned out, there was an enemy patrol. The Germans tried to capture him, but Rokossovsky himself rushed to the attack. Cutting down one of the opponents, he broke through the barrier and, despite the fact that he was fired after him, he managed to return to the patrol.

For his courage, Rokossovsky received the first award - the soldier’s Cross of St. George of the 4 degree - and was promoted to the rank of corporal. And by December 1917, not only this cross, but also three St. George medals (4, 3 and 2 degrees) flaunted on Corpora Rokossovsky's chest; also had two injuries. In addition, in the autumn of 1917, when the imperial army began to collapse not under the blows of the enemy, but because of the activities of revolutionary agitators, Rokossovsky unwittingly became one of those who managed to maintain the combat capability of their units. He, as a man who proved not only courage, but also the ability to lead others and do it at the expense of authority, not loud cry, was chosen first in the squadron and then in the regimental committee, who assumed the functions of command of the regiment.

The officer needs to believe in his case

It was then that the paths of the comrades for arms. Part of the dragoons, especially the Poles (and among them Frantisek, Constantine's cousin), refused to take the oath of allegiance to the new authorities of Russia and went home - to create an independent Poland. Kostya Rokossovsky and his comrade from the 5 Squadron Adolf Yushkevich enlisted in the Red Guard, which soon turned into the Red Army. For Rokossovsky, who had long and consistently sympathized with the labor movement and fully convinced that the communist ideals were fair, there was simply no other way.

This conviction, adherence to the ideals of communism, Konstantin Rokossovsky retained for life. He carried her through the Civil War, during which he joined the RKP (b) in 1919, inspiring by his example his comrades in arms, and after him the soldiers subordinate to him. Rokossovsky did not lose this faith even during the three years spent in 1937 – 1940 in the Leningrad “Shpalerka” - the internal prison of the NKVD regional department. There, by the way, he also managed to distinguish himself: when the evidence of that Yushkevich himself appeared in the “investigation” documents, with which Rokossovsky switched to the Red Guard and who died under Perekop in 1920, the defendant stated that he would sign everything, but only after full-time betting with an ex-co-worker. And, of course, did not wait for it and did not sign anything.

Listeners KKUKS 1924 — 1925. KK Rokossovsky (5 is on the left). Photo:

Rokossovsky remained loyal to the ideals of youth and in the first, most difficult days of the Great Patriotic War, which he, who was released on March 1940 during a major military amnesty initiated by Commissar Lavrentiy Beria, at the suggestion of Marshal Semyon Timoshenko, met the rank of Major General and post commander 9 th mechanized corps, which he himself had formed.

Complete the soldier’s duty to the end

The Great Patriotic War became the finest hour of the young - only 45 years old! - commander. For four years, he went through all the steps of the general — from the major general to the marshal of the Soviet Union, all levels of command — from the commander of the mechanized corps to the commander of the 2nd Belorussian Front. He was one of the legendary participants tank battle near Dubno - Lutsk - Brody, gathered from scattered retreating units near Smolensk "Rokossovsky group", which soon turned into the 16th army, famous during the battle for Moscow.

Konstantin Rokossovsky won immortal fame as the commander of the Don front during the Battle of Stalingrad and as one of the developers of the Uran plan to surround and defeat Field Marshal Paulus's 6 Army. He forced his troops on the Kursk ledge to literally burrow into the ground, and they were able to withstand the first, most severe blows of the Germans without major losses, and then went over to the offensive, which ended in complete success. It was he who, together with Vasilevsky and Zhukov, developed the famous operation “Bagration”, which brought the liberation of Belarus and the Baltic States and led the commander himself to the threshold of his native Warsaw. It happened to him with pain in his heart to observe how the Warsaw citizens perished in a senseless uprising by the “London government in exile” are dying, and its soldiers, exhausted by a long offensive, are not able to help them ...

Finally, it was he who was transferred from the place of honor to the commander of the 1 Belorussian Front, who was clearly targeting Berlin (“When fighting near Moscow, you need to think about Berlin. Soviet troops will definitely be in Berlin,” Rokossovsky said back in October 1941 the correspondent of the "Red Star"), on the 2 of the Byelorussian, designed to conduct an offensive against East Prussia. And this is due to him with his Berlin triumph, Zhukov, who a longtime acquaintance from command courses and academies made it possible to advance without thinking that the Germans could transfer reserves from the north.

And then there was the very parade, about participation in which the marshal said: “I took the command of the Victory Parade as the highest award for my entire long service in the Armed Forces”. And the post of Minister of Defense of the Polish People's Republic, which Marshal of Poland Konstantin Rokossovsky occupied from 1949 to 1956 a year, and the title of Marshal of Poland is the highest in the country.

Konstantin Rokossovsky did not leave the service until his death. Neither political intrigues in Warsaw, which cost him the post of Polish defense minister, nor political undercover games in Moscow on the eve of the 20th Congress, which cost him the post of deputy defense minister of the USSR, did not force him to resign. He remained in service until the last day: 2 August 1968, Marshal Rokossovsky signed into the set a book of his honest memories “Soldier Duty”, and the next day he, exhausted from the fight against cancer, did not. But even before that, he managed to accomplish what is given far from every marshal. 3 December 1966, Marshal of the Soviet Union, twice Hero of the Soviet Union Konstantin Rokossovsky personally carried the coffin with the remains of the Unknown Soldier, thereby paying tribute to the memory and respect for his fighters, with whom he had defended Moscow a quarter of a century before ...
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  1. rotmistr60
    rotmistr60 10 January 2016 07: 39
    K. Rokossovsky is a military leader and a human being (in the best sense of the word). At one time, I had to finish his highest command name. What I am proud of.
    1. moskowit
      moskowit 10 January 2016 17: 09
      It means TWO !!!
      And when was it, "its time"?
  2. Odysseus
    Odysseus 10 January 2016 07: 41
    He was a great man, both as a military leader and morally.
    It is unfortunate that when Stalin began his reforms in the early 50s, he did not take Rokossovsky to Moscow as Minister of Defense instead of Bulganin. He rightly believed that in such a problematic country like Poland, you need to have your own man, but in the end it turned out that by 1953 there were loyal people Stalin is gone ...
  3. avvg
    avvg 10 January 2016 07: 45
    Marshal Rokossovsky and Marshal Golovanov for us People with a Capital Letter! It was they who never, under any circumstances, betrayed their Supreme Commander-in-Chief Stalin.
    1. yuriy55
      yuriy55 10 January 2016 08: 17
      After Konstantin Rokossovsky after the battle of Stalingrad I.V. Stalin, like B.M. Shaposhnikov, called only by name and patronymic.

      It is said that at one of the receptions after the end of the war, Stalin asked Rokossovsky:

      “Are you not offended that you were repressed and spent a lot of time in custody?”

      Konstantin Konstantinovich calmly and simply answered:

      - I have not lost faith in the party. It was such a time.

      For a long time, a legend has been circulating that, after the war, Stalin tried to get rid of Rokossovsky, as a man who had great authority in the country and the army. And therefore, de sent him in one thousand nine hundred and forty-nine years to Poland. But the conversation before Stalin with Rokossovsky is known. Turning to Konstantin Konstantinovich with a big personal request, Stalin said:

      - The situation is such that it is necessary for you to lead the army of people's Poland. All Soviet ranks remain with you, and there you will become Minister of Defense, Deputy Chairman of the Council of Ministers, member of the Politburo and Marshal of Poland. I would very much like, Konstantin Konstantinovich, for you to agree, otherwise we could lose Poland. Set up a business - return to your place. Your office in Moscow will always be yours!

      For seven years, KK Rokossovsky led the People’s Army of Poland as Minister of National Defense of the People’s Republic of Poland and Commander-in-Chief of the Polish Army. He was awarded the title of Marshal of Poland. He became a member of the Politburo and deputy presidential prime minister of Poland. And when in nineteen fifty-six he returned to the Soviet Union, he was appointed deputy minister of defense of the USSR.

      (A.E. Golovanov: Generals).
      1. nimboris
        nimboris 11 January 2016 04: 27
        Stalin began to address by name and patronymic after "Bagration", because of two main blows.
    2. yuriy55
      yuriy55 10 January 2016 08: 30
      Quote: avvg
      It was they who never, under any circumstances, betrayed their Supreme Commander-in-Chief Stalin.

      Confirm here: from 39:30
    3. The comment was deleted.
  4. apro
    apro 10 January 2016 07: 50
    The best commander of the USSR in the Great Patriotic War, did not betray his Commander-in-Chief, refused to denigrate IVStalin during the Khrushchev bacchanalia, a big man and a citizen.
    1. Former battalion commander
      Former battalion commander 10 January 2016 22: 35
      As for the "best" ... More precisely, there will be ONE OF THE PLACE OF THE BEST commanders of the USSR!
  5. venaya
    venaya 10 January 2016 07: 58
    Konstantin Rokossovsky himself, and even an article about him, causes genuine delight!
    I recall the case when the Turkish "divan" (this is the name of the Turkish parliament), after the first report on the appointment of Rokossovsky as commander of the Transcaucasian Military District, immediately made a decision to prevent American missiles from entering Turkey. Even this fact alone speaks of the deepest respect (or perhaps fear) for this large and truly extremely talented military leader, including one who has high international recognition of his authority.
  6. Ami du peuple
    Ami du peuple 10 January 2016 08: 05
    Well, wow, Rokossovsky is a distant relative of Baron Wrangel! Truly, "the deck is freakishly shuffled" .. (c)
    My grandfather, for all three war years spent at the forefront, had the most vivid memory of a meeting with, then still Colonel-General, Rokossovsky near Stalingrad. When the breeder missed the general's stallion, and my grandfather, who was by chance nearby, caught that horse and led him to Rokossovsky. Having earned verbal thanks from the front commander.
    No wonder, it’s not German tanks in the gun’s panorama - it’s front-line routine. But to see the marshal live - this is really an event! smile
  7. yuriy55
    yuriy55 10 January 2016 08: 21
    I looked through the pages, I think it will be interesting:

    3. The shy favorite of women

    It is believed that the handsome marshal was surrounded by the attention of women. He is credited, in particular, with an affair with the Soviet actress Valentina Serova. In fact, the brave warrior, who more than once struck his comrades with courage and even excessive neglect of danger, was timid and indecisive in dealing with the opposite sex. With his only wife Yulia Petrovna Barmina Rokossovsky met in the city of Troitskosavsk (now Kyakhta) in Buryatia almost a year after he noticed her at a performance in the local officers house. The red commander drove past his beloved's house for several months, not daring to introduce himself, and if not for the intervention of his friend, there would have been no wedding in April 1923, and their daughter Ariadna would not have been born in 1925. It is known that in 1941 at the front, Rokossovsky met the beautiful military doctor Galina Vasilievna Talanova. In January 1945, she gave birth to Rokossovsky's daughter Nadezhda. Konstantin Konstantinovich gave his daughter his last name and tried to help, but did not leave the family. After the war, Galina Vasilievna married a military pilot Julian Kudryavtsev. As for the novels with the Soviet actress Valentina Serova and the Polish actress Alexandra Shlenskaya, these are rumors that none of the marshal’s friends and acquaintances could confirm.

  8. parusnik
    parusnik 10 January 2016 09: 06
    And the post of Minister of Defense of the Polish People’s Republic, which Marshal of Poland Konstantin Rokossovsky held from 1949 to 1956, and the title of Marshal of Poland is the highest in the country.... Formed during this period, one of the combat-ready armies in Europe ... He worked as deputy chairman of the Council of Ministers of Poland, was a member of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the Polish United Workers' Party. On May 14, 1955, he was present at the signing of the Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Mutual Assistance in Warsaw. After the death of President Boleslav Bierut and Poznan speeches, the “anti-Stalinist” Vladislav Gomulka was elected first secretary of the PUWP. The conflict between the "Stalinists" (the "Natolin group") and the "anti-Stalinists" in the PUWP who supported Rokossovsky led to the removal of Rokossovsky from the Politburo of the Central Committee of the PUWP and the Ministry of National Defense as a "symbol of Stalinism." On October 22, in a letter to the Central Committee of the PUWP, signed by N. S. Khrushchev, the Soviet side agreed with this decision. Rokossovsky left for the USSR and did not come anymore, and he distributed all his property in Poland to the people who served him.
  9. bionik
    bionik 10 January 2016 10: 29
    From an interview with Ariadne Rokossovskaya:.....- removed him from the Polish Politburo. They gave him a very large pension goodbye and asked him to stay in Poland. But he was so offended that he did not accept anything. Everything that he had valuable, he distributed to his subordinates. The money earned in the Ministry of Defense, which he did not have time to spend, was returned to the Ministry and asked to use it for the development of the army. A receipt for this we found in his archive. After seven years of work in Poland, he took with him only personal belongings that fit in several suitcases. Before leaving, he told acquaintances: “In Poland, my leg will no longer be. For the Poles I will always be Russian, for the Russian Pole. ”
    1. Alex
      Alex 10 January 2016 14: 10
      Quote: bionik
      “In Poland, my leg will no longer be. For the Poles I will always be Russian, for the Russian Pole. ”

      At the expense of the Poles, Rokossovsky, of course, was not mistaken. But Russian people always considered him theirs. So he will remain in our memory.
  10. valokordin
    valokordin 10 January 2016 10: 52
    Respect for Konstantin Konstantinovich and his eternal memory and glory. Yes, there were great Poles who served Russia and the USSR, and among them he and Felix Edmundovich. There were others. It is a pity that there were a minority of them.
  11. voyaka uh
    voyaka uh 10 January 2016 11: 21
    Rokossovsky was a smart senior officer.
    There were enough "cool" ones in general positions, but there was a shortage of smart ones.
    If he immediately replaced Zhukov as the head of the General Staff, then 2-3 million
    in vain the dead soldiers could live to Victory.
    1. Proxima
      Proxima 10 January 2016 13: 39
      Quote: voyaka uh

      If he immediately replaced Zhukov as the head of the General Staff, then 2-3 million
      in vain the dead soldiers could live to Victory.

      You have just voiced a typical "liberal" nonsense about the butcher Zhukov, who could only throw the corpses of the enemy. If we compare the three commanders Zhukov, Rokosovsky and Vasilevsky, when they led the 1st, 2nd and 3rd Belorussian Front, respectively, then the total losses of Zhukov were comparable to those of his colleagues. Remember, no one needs the useless death of "2-3 million" soldiers! Or do you think our military leadership and Stalin are fools? As for Georgy Konstantinovich, he can be put into the pantheon of great commanders only for one Battle for Moscow.
    2. V.ic
      V.ic 10 January 2016 16: 51
      Quote: voyaka uh
      If he had immediately replaced Zhukov with the post of head of the General Staff, then 2-3 million soldiers who had died in vain could have survived to Victory.

      Here, as if by chance, in passing, to kick Georgy Konstantinovich ... to anoint a shit ... it's gone! Do you not touch your "consanguineous" Moshe Dayan and others like them for some reason?
      1. voyaka uh
        voyaka uh 11 January 2016 13: 10
        for V.ic:
        For some reason, don't you touch "your" consanguineous "Moshe Dayan and others like them?" ///

        Just not in the subject. But if you are interested in it, then Moshe Dayan, the hero of the war of 1967
        years - there was a shameful failure in the war of 1973. He was practically kicked out of the building
        Gene. Headquarters for alarmism.
    3. wax
      wax 10 January 2016 20: 25
      After Zhukov was Shaposhnikov, and then Vasilevsky (almost until the end of the war) - twice awarded the Order of Victory, whose strategic thinking was not inferior to that of Rokossovsky. In any case, the Commander-in-Chief was Stalin.
      PS Then they attributed me with a yellow-black flag to Ukraine, but I am now in Crimea, i.e. in his native Russia. I ask you to perceive this with a smile.
      1. voyaka uh
        voyaka uh 11 January 2016 12: 30
        "After Zhukov there was Shaposhnikov, and then Vasilevsky" ///

        You are right.
        That's it from Vasilevsky - an excellent strategist (and his deputy
        General Antonov) began the revival of the General Staff.
        Since the end of 1942.
        Instead of hysterical frontal attacks of the near-by "tough" Zhukov
        Vasilevsky and Antonov developed thoughtful
        strategic operations.
        Stalingrad - Kursk - Bagration - a completely different way of thinking.
        Berlin was entrusted to Zhukov - ... and again in the forehead with a sea of ​​his own blood.
        1. Proxima
          Proxima 11 January 2016 20: 52
          Quote: voyaka uh

          Stalingrad - Kursk - Bagration - a completely different way of thinking.
          Berlin was entrusted to Zhukov - ... and again in the forehead with a sea of ​​his own blood.

          Well, you are again arguing with cheap cliches and myths. Regarding the storming of Berlin, how do you order Zhukov to take the Seelow Heights by storm? Georgy Konstantinovich was incredibly sophisticated with this assault, massaged aviation and artillery, attacked at night (the famous searchlight attack). Or the order of the storming of the Seelow Heights was canceled by someone? On the contrary, Zhukov's Headquarters was in a hurry. Regarding Rokossovsky's "other" thinking. Let me give you a typical example. During the Second World War, the Headquarters, due to large losses, stopped offensive operations more than a dozen times. Rokossovsky's operations were no exception in this regard, on the contrary. Take, for example, the Rogachev-Zhlobin operation, which on February 25, 1944, the Stavka ordered to be terminated due to the BIG LOSSES. Do you think Rokossovsky began to rejoice that he would save thousands of soldiers' lives. No, he took the order to go over to the defensive along the entire front entrusted to him with hostility. Do not misunderstand me, I do not want to say anything bad about Konstantin Konstantinovich. He is one of the great commanders in world history, but I ask you, DO NOT LIE ON ONE COMMANDER USE WASHING, AND DO NOT HANG ON ANOTHER NIMBA! Life is much more complicated and you, as an adult, should understand this.
  12. nail
    nail 10 January 2016 11: 34
    Lucky for those soldiers who fought along with Rokossovsky K.K. My uncle was also lucky. He was near Stalingrad (as the whole world continues to call this city, only we bashfully - Volgograd) fought under the command of Rokossovsky K. Only before the end of the war did their paths diverge. He has the warmest memories of him. The brilliant operations of this commander are still being studied by military academies. A blessed memory and eternal gratitude to this man. I can say about the Poles in the words of Winston Churchill - the meanest of the meanest.
  13. Kostya Andreev
    Kostya Andreev 10 January 2016 11: 51
    In my opinion, this is the only commander. on which, modern "researchers" have not poured slop.
    In my opinion, the best commander in world history.
    1. V.ic
      V.ic 10 January 2016 16: 55
      Quote: Kostya Andreev
      In my opinion, best commander in world history.

      .best... Explain if it does not bother you? request
      1. Kostya Andreev
        Kostya Andreev 11 January 2016 00: 33
        Sorry for the late reply!!!
        I think that the operation of Stalingrad, the operation of Bagration (which I think has no analogues, neither before nor after), gives him the right to apply for this place.
        I will not argue who is the best, since I have to hurt the feelings of many people. And I will not be smart and criticize the commanders from my bell tower after 70 years. my level does not correspond to Stalin. Zhukov, Rokosovsky and others.
        Even if I was somewhat mistaken, at least he is one of the best in world history, and the best in the USSR and the best in Poland. (It's my opinion)
        But I would like to ask, don’t tell me, (this is for general development where you can read bad reviews about Rokossovsky. I haven’t met such people. Gossip about love affairs doesn’t count. But in general, according to the information that is available, he’s just a real OFFICER. (Sorry for the stamp.)
  14. user3970
    user3970 10 January 2016 11: 54
    13 th
    It was in honor of the victories gained by the troops under the command of Rokossovsky in Moscow that 64 (sixty-four times) saluted with guns. The second time, Russia was lucky to have such a commander in chief. The first time in 1812 (World War I) when the Minister of War was Barclay de Tolly. It was he, and not Kutuzov, who developed the strategy of war with Napoleon. It was he who beat the genius recognized by the whole world. Barclay was not lucky with nationality. Therefore, the victory in the First World was awarded to Russian Kutuzov. So in the third world there was a great strategist and commander - the Pole Rokossovsky, and the butcher, the immature general of the Russian beetle, was appointed marshal of victory.
    1. V.ic
      V.ic 10 January 2016 17: 01
      Quote: user3970
      The second time, Russia was lucky to have such a commander in chief.

      Especially for "users" I want to remind you that the true commander-in-chief / supreme commander / was Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin. Read smart books, not Soros textbooks!
  15. X Y Z
    X Y Z 10 January 2016 12: 01
    Indeed, no one will doubt the class fidelity of a person who has inherited from his father a commitment to the working class, and from his mother - a love of books and a desire for self-education! In fact, the father of Konstantin Xavier Wojciech Rokossovsky belonged to the old Polish gentry family of the Rokossovsky coat of arms Glaubich.

    The fact is that belonging to the gentry did not mean a comfortable and relaxed existence. The Polish nobility was more numerous than the Russian and the number of peasants in Poland per nobleman was much less than in Russia per one nobleman. Often, the small nobleman did not have normal, neat clothes and plowed the land along with his peasants.
  16. KBR109
    KBR109 10 January 2016 12: 51
    And by December 1917, on the chest near Corporal Rokossovsky there was not only this cross, but also three St. George medals (4th, 3rd and 2nd degrees); there were also two injuries. In the Russian Imperial Army, following the rank of corporal, the rank of junior non-commissioned officer (ml. That, however, niskol does not cancel the phenomenon of the greatest commander of the Second World War in my opinion. The name MARSHAL ROCOSSOVSKY would look very well on board a large rank 1 warship such as a promising aircraft carrier or a new generation RKR.
    1. SlavaP
      SlavaP 10 January 2016 22: 16
      I support completely and completely! I don’t know who up there decides what to name the warships, but I suspect that some of the respected colleagues on the site may have so much influence! soldier
  17. Support
    Support 10 January 2016 13: 26
    The life and work of many generals of the most glorious times of the USSR is proof that the best manifestations of human feelings, traits, Slavs and Russian people are the USSR of the times of I.V. STALIN. Glorious sons of glorious time. Eternal Glory to them and Bow .....
  18. Good cat
    Good cat 10 January 2016 16: 45
    Rokossovsky commanded a cavalry division in which the commander of the regiment was Zhukov, during the certification Rokossovsky Zhukov not only praised, the tale went from here that Zhukov didn’t forgive him that certification, Zhukov in his memoirs denies that he harbored evil, whether or not who knows him ..
  19. Ivan Tartugai
    Ivan Tartugai 10 January 2016 19: 45
    That's why they remembered Marshal Zhukov most often with the words “Oh and cool! ..”, balancing admiration for him as an effective commander of his fear of him as his boss.

    According to his memoirs, according to his memoirs, almost all military leaders and participants in the war recall Zhukov as always tired, always annoyed, always dissatisfied, always embittered by the Marshal General, all the time threatening with execution and other punishments. Remember as a leader, which is better not to meet and stay away from him.
    Rokossovsky KK is remembered as a person very charming, very close, friendly.
    So for example, General Kazakov KP writes in his memoirs about his meeting with the Rokossovsky KK in June 1941:
    “Well, what special did Rokossovsky tell me? Normal business conversation. And I left him invigorated, in a good mood. Probably because his whole appearance and calm, simple and friendly tone removed the alarm from the soul. ”
    Similarly, many write who met on duty with the Rokossovsky KK.
    There are such rare people with whom you just talk and it becomes easier, and the mood improves. So the Rokossovsky KK was one of them, very rare people.
  20. Gypsy girl
    Gypsy girl 10 January 2016 20: 18
    Great person!
  21. Aleksander
    Aleksander 11 January 2016 01: 17
    The actions of the general were most remembered 22 1941 June- decisive organization of the combat work of the corps. I always thought, well, why did others not succeed? How much less would be the loss ....
  22. AX
    AX 11 January 2016 03: 33
    My grandfather told me that during the war, they were divided among themselves into "Zhukovtsy" and "Rokossovtsy". And he was always proud that he fought with Rokossovsky. To my question why, he simply answered: - "He is a soldier bearer" ...
    1. stas-xnumx
      stas-xnumx 13 January 2016 18: 38
      That's the whole tale about the difference between Zhukov and Rokossovsky .....
    2. stas-xnumx
      stas-xnumx 13 January 2016 18: 38
      That's the whole tale about the difference between Zhukov and Rokossovsky .....
  23. palm
    palm 12 January 2016 20: 26
    As the hereditary nobleman and distant relative of Baron Peter Wrangel

    and the tradesman Konstantin Ksaverievich Rokossovsky, born in 1894, are considered enlisted
    The author probably should more accurately determine the class origin. History also loves accuracy.