Alexander Yakunin, General Director of the United Instrument-Making Corporation, a key supplier of communications and control systems for the army, spoke about equipping the Armed Forces with modern control systems, creating a single information space in the Arctic, transferring ground forces to the Russian Federation. . He also shared plans to build a third generation of Doomsday planes and impact multi-rotors armed with grenade launchers and flamethrowers that can dodge bullets.
United Instrument-Making Corporation is a holding within the state corporation Rostec, which unites more than 60 enterprises and scientific organizations of the radio-electronic industry with a total number of employees over 40 thousand people.
The main specialization of the corporation is the development and production of communications, control and electronic warfare systems for the Ground Forces, VKS and Russian Navy, as well as robotics and UAVs. The share of OPK accounts for almost 60% of all deliveries of these products to the Russian army and other security agencies.
At the end of 2014, OPK ranked 24 in the top 100 of the largest arms manufacturers in the world in the rating of the Stockholm World Research Institute (SIPRI). Over the past 2 of the year, the corporation has increased its production and revenue by 20%. The corporation's order book exceeds 250 billion rubles, cumulative revenue at the end of 2015 was expected to be above 100 billion rubles.
At the moment, the enterprises of the corporation are conducting about two thousand contracts in the framework of the state defense order, including over 700 development and research works. Following the results of 2015 of the year, OPK plans to reach the 100-percentage execution of the GOZ.
- Has the interest of the countries of the Middle East to the products of your enterprise increased due to the unstable situation in this region?
- I can’t say that this is due to instability in the Middle East, but compared to 2014 in the year, our foreign partners, including from the designated region, now receive twice as many requests for tactical radio stations, command and control vehicles and communications equipment different types of armored vehicles. Orders for multi-functional communications and control complexes for tactical anti-aircraft missile systems are growing. Our equipment allows you to integrate military equipment into national military command and control systems and air defense systems. In addition, small-sized interference transmitters - EW complexes for protecting cars, armored vehicles and other objects from radio-controlled explosive devices are in high demand.
- Which Middle Eastern countries show the greatest interest in your products?
- Iran, Egypt and Algeria. In addition to them, the key markets for us are the CIS, Latin America, Africa and the states of the Asia-Pacific region, such countries as India, Vietnam, China, Venezuela. In general, our products are shipped to more than 30 countries.
In India, for example, we carry out naval contracts. Now they are working on the Vikramaditya aircraft carrier to set up and test data transmission systems and support ship flight aviation - MiG-29K / KUB aircraft. We also carried out technical maintenance of the Buran-6VE communication systems on six ships of Project 11356, multipurpose frigates of the Indian Navy of Russian production. This equipment provides communications and data exchange between warships and naval ground command posts.
We continue to work with foreign partners in the supply of radar and navigation equipment for aerodrome networks. At the moment, it is already on more than 160 airfields in the 31 country, including Vietnam, Kazakhstan, Egypt, China, Iran, Iraq, etc.
- Your latest developments are the Borisoglebsk-2 and Barnaul-T complexes, what are their export prospects?
- We make out the passport of export appearance and promotional products for a number of new products, in particular - the Borisoglebsk-2 complex. This is a large tactical complex of electronic suppression (in each - nine units of tracked vehicles), which conducts electronic reconnaissance and suppresses the communication and control systems of the enemy - both ground and airborne. The start of its deliveries to foreign customers is planned for 2017-2018.
This year, the Barnaul-T air defense complex began to be shipped abroad. Foreign customers have already been transferred to 10 modules, the transfer of the next batch of machines is now completed. This is a modern and very effective technique. Its purpose is to detect air targets and control the air defense systems of the Ground Forces, Marines and Airborne Forces.
- Now a lot is being said about creating a single information field for Russian troops. What is the essence of this concept?
- Management of ground forces, aviation, fleet Now it is carried out using military automated control systems (automated control systems). In the arsenal of the army and other power structures of such systems are hundreds. They were created both by the enterprises of our corporation and by other developers. Now it is necessary to unite these ACSs and create a single information field for all national defense forces in the country.
The first step in creating such a single information field is the opening in Moscow of the National Center for Defense Management (NUAU) and 13 regional centers in military districts. In the 2015 year, we deployed software and hardware systems at these sites that collect operational information and process it in real time, and then almost instantaneously transmit the analysis results to all levels of command, including the National Center of Control and Administration. As a result, decision-making now takes several minutes, although it used to take up to 14 hours. The entire system is now undergoing acceptance tests, and in the first quarter of 2016, it is planned to enter state tests.
- In addition to the NUAM and regional centers, what other objects will be included in the system of command points?
- Now we are working on the integration into a single information field of mobile operational and strategic control points on the automobile chassis. They will control the troops in the field. The contract for the serial supply of such mobile points from the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation has already been signed.
- If NTUO is the first step, what will be the second step?
- The second step has already been taken: this year the Volga-2015 research work has begun, its customer is the Ministry of Defense. As part of it, we will audit the existing military automated control systems and define the ideology of a promising new type of command and control system, which will unite all types and types of troops into a common information space and increase the coherence of their actions.
In addition, a large-scale project for the construction of a network of powerful data centers is being implemented in the Russian Federation with our participation. This is a kind of “brain” of informational military systems, into which any automated control systems and various computer complexes, including military tablets, can be integrated. These centers are equipped with backup power supply systems, are well strengthened, disaster-resistant and protected from cyber attacks. To date, 7 has already been built such centers.
- Do Doomsday planes belong to the general control system?
- They were called “Doomsday” airplanes in the USA; we call them air control points. In fact, this is a strategic “headquarters on the wings” for the high command of the RF Armed Forces, from where you can manage all types and branches of troops, including the Strategic Missile Forces, the VKS, surface and submarine fleets.
Such airplanes are included in the general system of command and control of troops, but are intended for use in critical situations — when ground control points and communication lines fail. They can also be used in a rapidly changing operational environment.
Now we are completing the transfer of the Ministry of Defense of such a second-generation aircraft, but we are already working on the next, third generation, which, according to our calculations, will appear in the next 5-7 years.
On the third generation, the equipment will be more modern, with even more advanced data transmission channels, which will provide a new level of communication and control efficiency. On these planes will be closed new military ASU, modernization of which is underway at the present time.
- In the Arctic, where we have created a new strategic command, will also create control points within a single system?
- They will. For a number of reasons, the necessary information infrastructure is underdeveloped there, but we have already begun work on building a common information space in the Arctic. In particular, in the interests of the Northern Fleet Joint Strategic Command mentioned by you in 2016, we will begin to integrate the Rodnik satellite communications system with coastal communications. An integrated system will be needed to control airplanes, ships and submarines in the arctic zone.
- What else does OPK do for troops in the Arctic?
- All the equipment we create - communication systems, navigation, EW, etc. - is designed taking into account the work in different climatic zones, including in the Arctic. For example, at recent tests, the Borisoglebsk-2 complex confirmed that it can operate at ultra-low temperatures, that is, it can conduct electronic reconnaissance and electronic suppression under the conditions of the Far North.
- How are things today in the Russian Armed Forces with a connection? How modern and noise-resistant is it?
- We are faced with the task of bringing the share of digital communications in the Russian army to 2020% by 70, and we are solving this task. So, in 2016, our concern Constellation will put more than 10 complexes of the fifth-generation Antey field radio centers to the troops, it is needed by the top echelons of the Armed Forces. This is the first in the last 30 years of development of such a level that will replace the outdated analog radio centers "Search".
In the field version, "Antey" provides data transmission, telephone and telegraph communication at distances up to 4 thousand km, and including in the conditions of electronic countermeasures of the enemy. In "Antey" improved weight and size characteristics, as well as signal quality at times, increased communication range, resistance to interference.
In December, our NPP Polet will launch an automated air-ground communications system for Long-Range Aviation of the Russian Air Force. It will allow the exchange of information between the central military control bodies and long-range aircraft in the air and at home based airfields. In parallel now, at the end of the year, we are starting a similar project on automating the management of front-line aviation, which is scheduled to be completed in 2017.
In addition, promising complexes of digital tactical radio communications P-169 and P-380K began to be supplied to the army. In these complexes, elements of communication technology of the new, sixth generation have already been implemented. They can transmit data over Ethernet, have telephony, radio and video telephony.
- When will our Ground Forces fully switch to the communications of the sixth generation? And what is the main feature of the sixth generation communication systems?
- This is a question of the next year and a half. First of all, we are talking about technologies where special software is of decisive importance not as hardware. These programs will have to provide the main advantages of communication equipment of a new generation - multi-mode, multi-bandwidth, secrecy from the electronic intelligence of the enemy, as well as the ability to self-test and self-healing.
- For aviation and navy such communication complexes are being created?
- We are creating sixth generation communications systems for a promising helicopter complex and a promising long-range aviation system (PAK DA). Thanks to our solutions, PAK DA will have a number of significant advantages.
In the interests of the Russian Navy with the use of new technologies, several modern communication complexes are being created at once for surface and underwater ships of the fifth generation. In particular, the Uragan-P integrated communications complex for combat submarine platforms is being successfully tested.
- Are there any new developments in the field of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV)? Do you plan to create drone drones?
- In this area we work in several directions at once. One of them is the development of new payloads for UAVs of various types. In particular, next year we will complete research work on the technology, which will form the basis of fundamentally new aerial reconnaissance modules. We are talking about processing the streams of hyperspectral data that are invisible to the human eye, but carry a large amount of information - about the composition of objects, about the materials from which they are made, etc. That is, using this technology, the BLA will be able to see masked objects, to distinguish false targets from real ones.
In addition, a number of payloads are being created as part of the Mosquito-U operation. These modules are designed for UAVs "Orlan-10", "Orlan-30" and "Pacer". They will solve a wide range of tasks in the field of photo and video filming, electronic intelligence and combat.
We are continuing to work on the creation of capacities for the mass production of short-range drones Korsar based on the Rybinsk design bureau Luch. The 5 prototypes of this drone are now ready. We also plan to adjust the annual output to 4 of complexes with a medium-range UAV, the range of which will reach 500 kilometers.
As for the impact drone, here we began to develop a new promising direction - multikopter. The copter is easily transported, does not require a runway or a special catapult like a UAV. It costs ten times cheaper, so its loss in battle is not so noticeable.
Copter reconnaissance, observer - fire spotter, shock and cargo copter have already been created. They can offline monitor objects and carry out special maneuvers during the shelling, which makes them practically invulnerable to infantry. weapons. Conventional hand-held grenade launchers and flamethrowers are used as payloads on copters.