Military Review

Awards for the Suvorov Bogatyrs

In the fierce battles at Kinburn and Ochakov, at Focshan, on the banks of the Rymnik and on the walls of Ishmael, that Russian army arose, which in a decade would overcome the Alpine passes, and in two - put Paris on its knees. On the first exploits of Suvorov's "miracle heroes" and their awards will tell today.

Awards for the Suvorov Bogatyrs

Medal for the victory at Kinburn

The next clash of the Russian Empire with the Ottoman Porto - the war of 1787 – 1791 - in its immediate result was not crushing for the latter, did not lead, as some hot heads in St. Petersburg and Vienna dreamed, to remove Turkey from Europe and create between it, on the one hand , and Russia and Austria - on the other, the buffer state - cobbled together from the dust of the times of Dacia. Territorial acquisitions were not so great, rather, the previous ones were finally consolidated.

The Kyuchuk-Kaynardzhi peace treaty 1774 of the year, according to which Russia received access to the Black Sea, irritated Istanbul, like a canister that had escaped to the softest place, and that was stuck there. In St. Petersburg, he only whetted his appetite. The Crimea, this long-term outpost of Turkey in the Northern Black Sea region, initially became formally independent. In fact, he was ruled by a Russian protege. Istanbul's attempt to intervene in local Tatar squabbles led to the fact that the Crimean Khan, though without much enthusiasm, surrendered to Russia not only with his soul, but also the whole territory: in 1783, the peninsula became part of the empire, becoming part of Tavrida. The construction of Sevastopol began, the urgent strengthening of the coast.

It was necessary to hurry, because the furious Turks were almost openly preparing for revenge, modernizing the army and navy with the help of foreign, mostly French, specialists. Moreover, this time in the West, they had much more than before, patrons, including in England, who did not want and was afraid of strengthening the Russian positions on the Black and Mediterranean Seas. True, Austria became an ally of Russia, although this colossus with clay feet soon showed its incapacity.

In August, 1787, Turkey put forward a number of provocative and obviously impossible requirements to Russia regarding the Crimea and the Caucasus, and then hurried to declare war, and, interestingly, not simple, but “sacred,” that is, “jihad.” The jihadists outlined for themselves the priority goal of Kherson, where the Russian shipyards were located. But first it was necessary to secure oneself from the flank, from the side of the Kinburn Spit with the fortress located on it.

More than five thousand troops under the protection of the guns of three battleships, four frigates, four floating batteries and fourteen gunboats, landed near Kinburn and dug in according to all the rules of engineering art taken from the French. The commander of the Russian troops in this sector of the coast, General-in-Chief Alexander Suvorov, outwardly did not get excited at all by the message about the actions of the enemy, even pointedly did not leave the church service (it was Pokrov day). The Russians, although inferior to the enemy in numbers, allowed the Turks to concentrate freely on the coast, let two hundred meters to their fortifications, then fired a volley and swiftly attacked.

The Janissaries at first mingled and retreated, but soon, having coped with the panic, they caught on the last lodgements remaining in their hands and even returned to some of those from which they had recently been knocked out. They were effectively helped by the powerful fire of the Ottoman squadron (about six hundred guns).

Suvorov, who was in the front row, was wounded with a canister on his left side and almost died by ridiculous chance: when a horse fell under him, he shouted to the Turks who were nearby, mistaking them for Cossack orderlies to give him another horse. It was not difficult to make a mistake, because the Cossacks at that time basically did not have a strictly established form and sometimes wore the most fantastic "oriental" attires.

The uniforms of their regiments in Tauris began only a few months later. The recognized commander was saved by the grenadier Stepan Novikov, who was nearby. Later, Suvorov described the actions of a soldier, “on whom the saber was already brought in,”: “Turchin blamed the bayonet, his comrade shot him, rushed one to thirty people”. Following a heroic example, the grenadiers and Cossacks drove the Turks again. It was six o'clock in the afternoon. And closer to midnight the coast was completely cleared of the enemy. Only a few of the Janissaries managed to return to their ships.

Until now, in the literature one can find the assertion that Novikov was a Yaroslav musketry. Confusion was brought once by Suvorov himself. Forgot, it happens. True, in 1912, justice triumphed: Novikov was the last of the warriors who were forever on the lists of his unit history The Russian empire of such heroes was eighteen), in this case - the 15 th Shlisselburg Field Marshal Anikita Repnin of the infantry regiment.

We did not succeed in tracing the fate of the grenadier after Kinburn. We can, however, assume that Novikov gave his life in the military arena, since during the roll call, the Schlesburgers of the beginning of the last century had to respond in chorus, hearing his name: "He died the death of a hero."

Be that as it may, it is reliably known that the award of the “miracle hero” (Novikov, by the way, was so tall that he was right-flank in his division) managed to get even during the life of Grigori Potemkin himself, the Most High Prince and Commander-in-Chief of the Yekaterinoslav Army .

It was a silver medal "For the victory at Kinburn". Its design (medalist - Timofey Ivanov) is quite ordinary, with the profile of the empress on the front and three-line inscription on the reverse side: "KINBURN - 1 OCTOBER - 1787".

It was intended to be worn on the St. George ribbon. The exclusivity is given to it by a small number of copies, only two dozen - a unique case for Russian award-winning soldier's medals, usually issued to all the lower ranks of the polls. Only one such medal has survived to our time.

What is interesting, the warriors themselves should have determined the worthy rewards. Transferring the medal to Suvorov, Potemkin said that he had handed Novikov one medal personally, while he ordered the rest nineteen to dispose of it as follows:

"Divide six into infantry, cavalry and Cossacks, and give one to the artilleryman ... who blew the shebek ... it wouldn’t be good enough to summon you several or ask whole regiments who the soldiers would deserve between themselves to receive the medal."

The gunner who blew up the Turkish shebek was gunner-Schlesselburger Mikhail Borisov.

Taking this opportunity, let's call the rest:

Shlisselbursky infantry regiment Grenadiers Sydor Loginov and Ivan Belaya; Orlovsky - Private Parfen Lukutin; Kozlovsky - Private Gleb Zvyagintsov; Murom Light Battalion Private Karp Loshkin and Trofim Novikov (S. Novikov's namesake).

In the light-shelled shelves: Mariupol Vakhmistr — Gavrila Lazaretsky, Corporal Ivan Gorenov, Private Ivan Svechkar; Pavlogradsky - Corporals Andrei Mankov, Peter Kholodov and Private Procopius Bezhovchoy.

The regiments of the Don Cossacks Ivan Pavlov, Danila Kondrashov, Vasily Borisov, Vlas Smetannikov, Ivan Chachasov and Yeremiy Semiletov.

If there were a little more medals, there could well be another name on this list: Dmitry Kuteynikov. The fact is that under the curtain of the battle, Suvorov received a second wound - a bullet pierced right through him, and another Russian soldier, or rather, a Cossack - Chief Kuteynikov 2, who washed and bandaged the wound, immediately came to the aid of the commander. Recently, in a modern historical novel, we happened to read that Kuteynikov allegedly died in the same battle.

Dmitry Efimovich Kuteynikov. Hood George Doe

Sad of course.

However, anyone who visited the Hermitage’s Military Gallery could easily admire the excellent portrait of George Doe hanging there, among others: a colorful Major General with a lush mustache, 2 th, waving himself in a portrait with a saber! Alive and healthy.

Yes, the Cossack safely emerged from that battle, as then from many others. He smashed the Poles, the French. And again the Turk. In World War II he fought near Smolensk, on the Borodino field, drove Napoleon out of Russia. He received the Order of St. George two of the most militant, IV and III degrees, the Order of St. Anne I degree. He served in the 1830-x to the general from the cavalry. This is how highly Suvorov's “wonder-heroes” hurriedly “buried” in fiction have stepped in!

By the way, she found a brave cavalryman the reward for Kinburn, “for Suvorov” - a nominal gold medal.

On the other side of the Dnieper-Bug estuary, opposite the Kinburn Spit, is Ochakov, while the foremost Turkish outpost. He became the target of the Russian offensive in the next campaign, 1788. At the same time, it was required to clear the Ochakov waters from a strong Turkish squadron. Galley rowing brilliantly dealt with this task. flotilla under the command of Prince Charles Henry (or, in the German manner, Karl Heinrich) Nassau-Siegen.

The prince was a remarkable person. Born in Germany, brought up in France, served in Spain, where he won the grand and general rank of the king, participated in Louis Bougainville circumnavigation, married the Polish princess and lived with her in Warsaw (one of the streets there still bears his name ), compiled for the Poles, ostensibly for trade purposes, a detailed map of the Dniester estuary.

Then, in 1886, he found himself in Russia, thanks to the patronage of Potemkin, he was promoted to rear admirals, and in two years he managed to learn only two words in the Russian service: “forward” and “rowing”, and pronounced them with such a Westphalian accent that the sailors called his eyes "Pie with mushrooms". But the rear admiral knew his sea business perfectly, and he also had an extraordinary determination.

Medal for the capture of Ochakov

In three June clashes in the estuary, his rowing fleet destroyed several enemy battleships and frigates. As a result, “for the great courage 1788 of June 7 of the day he showed on the Ochakov Liman Turkish sea power, commanded by Captain Pasha and winning the famous victory under him”, Nassau-Siegen received the next rank and Order of St. George of the II degree (later he became Andreev's cavalier), and his subordinates got medals, obverse identical kinbursky and also worn on the St. George ribbon, with an inscription on the reverse: "FOR - BRAVEN - FOR WATER - OCHAKOVSKY - JUNE 1788".

Now the Russians have besieged Ochakov from all sides. It was time to go on the assault, but the commander in chief Potemkin showed hesitancy. Started, according to the caustic remark of Field Marshal Peter Rumyantsev, the hero of the previous Russian-Turkish war, a new siege of Troy. In July, Potemkin had a serious clash with Suvorov, at his own risk and provoking a Turkish raid on the shoulders of the retreating to break into the city. This attempt was not supported and therefore had no success, only caused an irritated remark from the biased Potemkin-set Empress:

"You heard, the old man, rushing without demand, lost the man to 400 and was wounded himself: he was certainly drunk."

But these losses, exaggerated by the same envious prince, should have seemed a trifle compared to those that the army suffered in the fall, and not so much from enemy attacks, as from poorly organized supplies and autumn weather, when the soldiers had to day by day after the month to hang around in rainy earthworks.

And then frost struck ... The Turks suffered no less, their stocks were almost exhausted; the forces of the garrison were melting away, and it was no longer necessary to count on outside help after the loss of the fleet in the estuary. Finally, the December 6 (17) storm began in a blizzard and fierce cold. Ochakov fell. The battle at the bastions ended in a terrible bloodshed in the city.

Potemkin received the I degree of “St. George” and a personal medal, Suvorov received a diamond pen on his hat (for comparison: for Kinburn, besides the letter “K” showered with diamonds, he received the highest Russian award, the Order of St. Andrew the First Called).

Other generals and officers were granted orders to whom, like Mikhail Kutuzov, “Vladimir”, II degree and “Anna”, I degree (Mikhail Illarionovich, in the August outing of the Turks, was again heavily wounded by an artillery battery in the already mutilated right eye), others were cruciform “ gold marks for wearing in a buttonhole on a tape with black and yellow stripes ”(we will tell about this type of awards in more detail in one of the following articles).

The share of the lower ranks, as usual, accounted for medals: on the oval obverse the monogram of Catherine II under the imperial crown, below - laurel and palm branches, tied with a ribbon. On the back side there is an inscription in nine lines:


Wearing this silver medal, as well as the gold officer's badge, was relied on the ribbon of the St. George Order.

In January, the 1789 Corps of Lieutenant-General Yuri Bibikov launched an attack on Anapa. Poorly organized, it ended in shameful failure and was accompanied by great losses for the Russians.

However, with a view to moral and psychological soldiers (those who survived after an unsuccessful assault on Turkish fortifications and attacks by hostile mountaineers), who, as stated in the rescript, “... despite unspeakable difficulties and the very hunger, with diligence and patience, unparalleled, performed their duty ... ", they received, perhaps, the only award medals for failure, which happened, however, not their fault, - silver ovals with the monogram of the empress and the inscription on the reverse in three lines:

"FOR - TRUE - ST". And rightly so, in our opinion.

But soon after that, in the middle of summer and in the beginning of autumn, there was a reverse case, which did not do credit to the Russian government. Suvorov finally got rid of the custody of Potemkin, which he immediately took advantage of. One after another he dealt two defeats to the Turks - under Focsani on July 21 (September 1 ns) and especially crushing (not without the help of the Austrians, it must be admitted) on September XMNXX (11).

In the last battle, the Ottomans lost only at least 15 thousand people killed. Suvorov became the Count of Rymniki, the owner of diamond signs to the already available St. Andrew’s Order, a sword strewn with jewels with the inscription “Winner of the Vizier” (Yusuf Pasha), diamond epaulettes (one, not two) and a ring, the Order of St. George, I degree. Preparing to send all this, Catherine wrote to Potemkin: “... a whole diamond wagon has already been laid.”

Alexander Vasilievich Suvorov. Hood Alexey Egorov

With such generosity, glaring absurdity, especially after the consolation reward of Bibikov's troops defeated by Anapa, it seems that the lower ranks did not receive medals for Focsani, and even less for Rymnik. Not helped by repeated requests of the commander. Then Suvorov acted unusually and, in our opinion, very sublimely: the leader addressed his “miraculous heroes” with a thank-you speech, after which, as it was agreed beforehand, they crowned each other with laurel wreaths, like ancient heroes.

The following year, no one in St. Petersburg dared to ignore the exploits of the Russian soldiers during the capture of Ishmael. The storming of this “fortress without weak points” and the thorough preparation that preceded it, the historical literature reports in detail, therefore we confine ourselves here to the description of the award medal.
She was minted in the shape of an oval; on the obverse, there is a monogram under the crown, but for some reason without twigs (is it not a hint that the Fauchshan and Rymnik laurels were firmly lashed by someone's vanity?); on the reverse - an eight-line inscription: "FOR - CANCELED - BRAVE - WITH - TAKEN - IZMAIL - DECEMBER 11 - 1790".

Suvorov received a personal medal, the rank of lieutenant colonel of the Life Guards Preobrazhensky Regiment (instead of a fully deserved field marshal general; he became the eleventh Preobrazhentsy lieutenant colonel, the colonel herself was listed as the Empress) and ... translated into Finland, which looked like opal. His officers were given orders of gold weapon and gold crosses. And the glory of the winner of the Turks, along with the field-marshal's uniform and column in the Tsarskoye Selo studded with diamonds, went to Potemkin. However, time put everything in its place.

Medal for the capture of Ishmael

The Russian-Turkish war, after several more defeats of the Ottomans on land and sea, especially sensitive to Machin, from Prince Nikolai Repnin who replaced Potemkin and Fedor Ushakov from the Bulgarian cape Kaliakria (meanwhile in the Caucasus, Count Ivan Gudovich mastered the same unfortunate Anapa) the conclusion of the Yassky peace treaty in December 1791, which secured Crimea to Russia and moved the border with Turkey to the Dniester. Ochakov, despite all the efforts of the English premiere of William Pitt, was lost forever for Istanbul.

The Ottoman Empire was so devastated by the war that Catherine graciously forgave her a huge contribution to 12 million piastre (7 million rubles).
The Russian government, as if having come to its senses, made another wide gesture. All rank-and-file war veterans, soldiers and sailors, winners at Rymnik and Tendra, at Machine and Kaliakria, though with a great delay, were given award medals of the already familiar design - with the Empress's monogram on the obverse.

Only the five-line inscription on the reverse differed:


The Manifesto of 2 September 1793 of the year said literally the following:

"Praising the brave deeds of the land and sea Russian troops, many and variously renowned, and loyalty to Her Imperial Majesty and Fatherland who overcame all difficulties, in memory of that service of them, to distribute to all the remembered troops who, in the campaign against the enemy, were from each person silver with a silver medal for wearing in a buttonhole on a blue ribbon. "
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  1. parusnik
    parusnik 27 December 2015 07: 53
    About Kinburn one of the best old soldier songs is composed:

    Now time is military,
    From peace remotely:
    Our Kinburn Spit
    Opened the first miracles!
    Turkish fleet is approaching
    Turk puts on a scythe,
    And on the first day of October
    Their darkness came out here ...
  2. Mangel olys
    Mangel olys 27 December 2015 08: 13
    Interestingly, but there is information about the campaign of the Suvorov miraculous heroes in the Nogai steppes in the 1783 year?
    1. V.ic
      V.ic 27 December 2015 09: 52
      Quote: Mangel Olys
      But is there information about the campaign of the Suvorov miracles-heroes in the Nogai steppes in 1783?

      For that fought for it and ran. Suvorov also accepted in suppressing the uprising of the Yaik Cossacks + Bashkirians, for which he was awarded the "mother-sovereign".
      1. Mangel olys
        Mangel olys 27 December 2015 10: 09
        Tell me, unenlightened, what were they fighting for? And what did they run into?
        1. V.ic
          V.ic 27 December 2015 12: 49
          Quote: Mangel Olys
          Tell me, unenlightened, what were they fighting for? And what did they run into?

          Having sprinkled ashes on my bald head, I will inform the enlightened that the Nogai khans, under the instigation of the Ottoman emissaries, once again tried to revolt against the "giaurs, unworthy of the glance of the sun-faced sultan," for this a solid monetary reward "for loyalty". With a minority of Russian troops and the elimination of the Kalmyk khans from practical impact on the rebels / Kalmyks would simply dissuade "not being ready to assemble an army" / A.V.Suvorov acted in his own style. Having ascertained the intentions of the Nogai for the rebellion and its specific / rebellion / beginning, he ordered a preemptive strike on the rebels, who had already concentrated to start hostilities. Up to 30 thousand rebels / information is not entirely reliable and most likely they need to be reduced by 10 times / was exterminated. The mutiny was nipped in the bud. Answer: the Nogais fought for the extermination / of the Russians, and they got him / themselves.
          1. Mangel olys
            Mangel olys 27 December 2015 15: 41

            In the 1782, the Gogai Tatars rebelled against Shagin-Girey Khan. To suppress the uprising, A.V. Suvorov. He organized an oath of allegiance to Russia in June-July of 1783. But soon in the government circles of Russia a plan came up for the deportation of Nogai Tatars to the Volga steppes and the Urals from their land. Many Caucasian peoples were to be resettled. But they intended to begin with the Nogai Tatars. This idea was put forward by the GA. Potemkin. Having received a Potemkin warrant from 10 and 21 on June 1783, A.V. Suvorov made a route of nomads and a map of their resettlement in a new place. The deportation was supposed to begin in the first half of August. However, the people did not agree with the deportation and rebelled. Punishers led by A.V. Suvorov at dawn 1 August began a battle with the civilian population, which ended at one o'clock near the tributary of the Kuban Malaya Yey. They cut out women, children and the elderly. The bloody massacre led by A.V. Suvorov walked within a radius of 30 versts. Such beatings of the Tatars were also carried out in other places. The number of such battles with unarmed Tatars is not indicated in scientific literature. The Tatars rebelled during August-October 1783. However, the untrained and unarmed mass could not resist the regular troops of the Russian Empire.
            A.V.Suvorov acted in his own style.

            “There is no rest for the troops until a decisive defeat, extermination or captivity of the enemy. Protect bullets, work with knives! Dragoons and Cossacks should not get off their horses for prey: the fourth part goes to the prey, the other fourth quarter covers, the rest half is ready. The production is divided in half: one half to the sovereign, the other to the troops, and two-thirds of this half to the Cossacks, ”was Suvorov’s order.
            Thus, the multimillion-dollar people of the Nogai Horde were destroyed in their native land, the ancestors of which lived here for many centuries. The immediate descendants, the heirs of the Nogai Horde are the Nogais (Caucasian nationality), Crimean, Volga-Ural, Siberian Tatars, Kazakhs of small jus, Karakalpaks.
            So, in 1783, the rebellious people of the Nogai Horde, not wanting to become a slave, was almost completely destroyed by the hands of armed invaders and assassins in the person of the Don Cossacks.
            Well, now minus, because you don’t like the uncomfortable truth, do you?
            1. Heimdall48
              Heimdall48 27 December 2015 17: 33
              So, in 1783, the rebellious people of the Nogai Horde, not wanting to become a slave, was almost completely destroyed by the hands of armed invaders and assassins in the person of the Don Cossacks.
              Well, now minus, because you don’t like the uncomfortable truth, do you?

              Normal truth, to hell with them with Nogais. This nerus drank enough Slavic blood. Here is the time and the answer has come to keep.
              Now we will regret the Poles with the Mongol-Tatars.
            2. V.ic
              V.ic 27 December 2015 18: 46
              Quote: Mangel Olys
              and now minus, because you don’t like the uncomfortable truth, do you?

              Well, why are you so harsh to yourself? The so-called "Nogai" began to be hobbled back in the reign of Khan Uzbek. A Russian warrior from among the united Horde-Russian troops brought the severed head of the rebel Nogai to the headquarters and was killed for this himself, for he deprived the khan of an entire people without permission. for suppressing the rebellion, no one chopped down, but they were not awarded, as after the suppression of the Pugachev rebellion.
              1. Mangel olys
                Mangel olys 27 December 2015 19: 03
                But no one "hobbled" the Russians, they themselves were part of Great Tartary, and more than half of them had Tatar roots. In fact, you rejoice at the genocide against your own people. You have to be more modest, my friend.
                1. V.ic
                  V.ic 27 December 2015 21: 48
                  Quote: Mangel Olys
                  You must be more modest

                  Much more. I did not offend you, everything is within the limits established by the "Rules" / See. at the bottom of the picture is the fourth position from the left.
                  Quote: Mangel Olys
                  In fact, you rejoice at the genocide of your own people.

                  Ort'gka! All of us, of course, live on the Earth given by the Lord, but if in a family of equals someone wants to become "the most equal", he, of course, "receives a sniff". The example with the darker Nogai was not in vain for you.
                  Quote: Mangel Olys
                  ... Russian ... they themselves were ... more than half of them with Tatar roots.

                  LN Gumilev I regularly re-read as I wish, there are no objections. I remember a quote from the Marquis Astolphe de Custine about “scraping the Russian”, although at least scraping it. ”“ If you’re even a Pomor, even a Novgorodian or Ustyuzhanin, you cannot scrape half a Tatar.
                  Quote: Mangel Olys
                  But no one "hobbled" the Russians, they themselves were part of Great Tartary

                  Well, if we are talking about that, then there is no Great Tartary on the "English" maps, but "Tartary" is indicated. Agree that "Tartary" and "Tartaria" differ by one letter. Remember the respected Lev Nikolaevich Gumilyov in his reasoning about the essence of Christ. Different spellings of the same concept in translation from Aramaic to Greek gave rise to the division of the Christian churches into eastern and western branches, namely Orthodoxy and Catholicism. In the first case, it was written "consubstantial" (that is, full compliance with God the Almighty Father = "one essence") in the second, "similar" / both concepts in the singular! /. Lutheranism, Calvinism, and other heresies developed from the principle of "likeness". So you have to be careful when handling terms.
  3. V.ic
    V.ic 27 December 2015 08: 23
    Alexander Vasilich was brave, did not know defeat
    Not by number, but by reduction, he beat the enemy ...
    Alps, Rymnik and Ochakov and Kinburn Spit
    Everywhere Russian soldiers showed miracles!
  4. iury.vorgul
    iury.vorgul 27 December 2015 09: 22
    At the same time, it was required to clear the Ochakov waters from a strong Turkish squadron. The galleys of the rowing flotilla under the command of Prince Charles Henry (or, in the German manner, Karl Heinrich) Nassau-Siegen brilliantly coped with this task.
    Another admiral is not mentioned in the article. If Nassau-Siegen commanded a rowing flotilla, then the sailing ships were commanded by Rear Admiral of the Russian fleet "Pavel Ivanovich Joysov", or rather the US national hero Paul John Joyce, commander and creator of the US regular fleet, the famous privateer, hero of the war of independence. He is very much respected in the USA, glorified, etc. But only nowhere is it mentioned that he never became an admiral in the USA, he received this rank in the Russian fleet from Catherine II, participated in the Russian-Turkish and Russian-Swedish war ... True, because of the intrigues of the British (who hated him), he did not stay at the Russian court, he left for France and died there of a cold.
  5. moskowit
    moskowit 27 December 2015 11: 33
    The article is very interesting with rich factual material. I didn't know what 20 medals were minted for "For Kinburn". Even the names of the awardees are presented. Great!
    But with the portrait of Alexander Vasilyevich, the authors clearly blundered. He is a contemporary artist (I could not find a name) and was very mistaken with the awards of the Great Commander.
    In the very center on the chest is the Order of St. Stanislav, which Suvorov could not have, due to the adoption of this order in the Russian Chapter of Orders only in the 1831 year. Not only that, this cross is designed to reward Gentiles (non-Christians). In 1845, in order to reward non-Christian people in the medallion of the cross of all orders, they began to place a double-headed eagle, replacing the image of the saint.
    Under the orders, on the chest, the ribbon of the Order of St. Anna is clearly visible. (Red with a yellow narrow border). Yes, Alexander Vasilievich was awarded such an order in the 1770 year. This was his first award, the Order was single-stage until April 5 1797 of the year. And in all portraits he can be seen on the neck tape. Therefore, the tape over the shoulder is superfluous, because the orders are stepless and of the first degree were worn on the tape at the hip. In addition, the tape is not worn over the shoulder.
    1. V.ic
      V.ic 27 December 2015 18: 08
      Quote: moskowit
      But with the portrait of Alexander Vasilyevich, the authors clearly blundered. He is a contemporary artist (I could not find a name) and was very mistaken with the awards of the Great Commander.

      Dear, the portrait was painted in the "pre-Internet" era / remember the classics: "before historical materialism?" Not every historian is an artist, but every artist is a historian.
  6. 23424636
    23424636 27 December 2015 21: 35
    That's who conquered the Kherson and Odessa regions and not the crafty politicians of Ukraine
  7. Warrior2015
    Warrior2015 28 December 2015 00: 28
    What, however, the heroes were! Truly, warriors, not us! And what a time! I bow my head before their exploits!