Military Review

December 23 - Long-Range Aviation Day of Russia

50
16 years ago - in 1999, on the basis of the order of the Commander-in-Chief of the Air Force of the Russian Federation Anatoly Kornukov, the Day of the Far appears in the calendar of holidays and observances aviation Of Russia. The official date for the celebration of Long-Range Aviation Day is December 23, and this date was by no means taken “from the ceiling”. On December 23, 1914, an air squadron of Ilya Muromets aircraft was formed. The formation was decided by the Military Council of the army.


About a year earlier, the four-engine giant (by then standards) C-22 "Ilya Muromets" made test flights. This aircraft was developed in St. Petersburg by the Russian-Baltic Carriage Plant Department by a group of engineers led by Igor Ivanovich Sikorsky.
"Ilya of Murom" became the first bomber. Its characteristics at that time were more than impressive.
Wingspan: upper - 30,87 m, lower - 22 m; empty aircraft weight - 3,8 t, maximum take-off weight 5,1 t, flight duration - up to 4 hours, flight range - up to 440 km, takeoff length - 450 m, climb time at 1 km - about 9 minutes.

December 23 - Long-Range Aviation Day of Russia


During the December tests of 1913, the “Ilya of Murom” raised to 1 km altitude a load of about 1,1 tons, thereby setting a new world record.
Subsequently, passenger variants of the Sikorsky aircraft began to be produced in Russia. And by the beginning of World War I, 4 Ilya Muromets bombers were handed over to the Imperial Air Force the fleet.

Pilots of long-range bomber aviation showed themselves from the first days of the Great Patriotic War. IN historical The archives preserved documents from which it is known that the long-range bomber aviation conducted the first battle approximately 8 hours after the Nazis crossed the borders of the Soviet Union. The documents say that the pilots struck at the accumulation of Nazi troops in the areas of Suwalki and Prasnysh. Particular attention is drawn to the fact that long-range bomber aircraft, about a month and a half after the start of the war, struck an air strike at the heart of Hitler's Reich - Berlin. Three groups of long-range bombers, formed from 22, 200 long-range bomber aviation regiments and 81 air divisions, took part in striking Berlin. From August 8 to early September, 90 sorties were made and 10 massive strikes were made on the German capital.

The bombing of Berlin was a real shock for the Nazis, after just a few weeks after the start of the war, the main Nazi propagandist announced that Soviet aviation was completely defeated. In addition, it was known and the loud statement of the commander in chief of the Luftwaffe Goering, who said that "not a single bomb will ever fall on the capital of the Third Reich." Fell ... And not alone ...

When the Soviet long-range bombers of the Baltic Fleet Air Force DB-3, which rose into the air from the island of Ezel (now the Estonian island of Saaremaa), crossed the East German border for the first time, the representatives of the air defense forces could not think that the Russians were flying to bomb them. The planes were taken for their own - “lost” Germans, and in one of the cases with the help of searchlights the Germans decided to help the pilots to land at one of the airfields. For "understandable reasons," the Soviet pilots, who were taken for their own, refused to "help", which, in principle, did not arouse any special suspicions among the German military.

On the night of August 8, the first Soviet aerial bombs rained down on Berlin, which was flooded with lantern light and became an ideal target. Industrial facilities of Hitler’s capital flared up, bomb explosions were noted in the Stettin area. During the first minute the enemy could not get out of shock. When the bombs were already exploding in the capital, the Germans guessed to turn on blackout.

At the final stage of the operation to apply the first airstrike in Berlin, the radio operator Vasily Krotenko went on the air and spoke historical words:
My place is Berlin! The task is completed. We return to the base!


Around the morning at 4, the Baltic Fleet bombers were already landing at their home airfield, having made what seemed impossible at that time. Despite the fact that the blows did not cause any significant damage, the psychological effect of this step was more important. The German newspapers the next day came up with articles that the British Royal Aviation planes struck Berlin, which in London were very surprised. Were even more surprised (and this is putting it mildly) in Germany, when they received confirmation that it was Russian airplanes that attacked Berlin from the air.

From the order of the People's Commissar of Defense of the USSR I.V. Stalin on 8 August 1941:

On the night of 7 on 8 in August, a group of Baltic Fleet planes made a reconnaissance flight to Germany and bombed the city of Berlin. 5 aircraft dropped bombs over the center of Berlin, and the rest on the outskirts of the city. I express my gratitude to the personnel of the aircraft participating in the flight. I enter with a petition to the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR to award the distinguished. Give each crew member who participated in the 2 flight thousands of rubles. To continue to establish that each crew member who dropped bombs on Berlin, issue thousands of rubles for 2. An order to announce to the crews of the aircraft that participated in the first bombing of Berlin, and to all personnel of the 81 th Long-Range Aviation Division.


Five days later - August 13 1941, the decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, the first four pilots who bombed the German capital, were awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union. The heroes were Colonel E.N. Preobrazhensky, captain V.A. Grechishnikov, captain M.N. Plotkin, captain A.Ya.Efremov (navigator of the flagship crew).

7 March 1942 of the year at that time already Major Mikhail (Meer) Nikolayevich Plotkin died, returning after completing his combat mission of setting minefields in Helsinki roadstead.



And today, long-range aviation presents special surprises to the "friends" of Russia. For example, long-range and strategic aircraft participate in a counter-terrorist operation, delivering devastating blows to militants' facilities and positions in Syria. The Ministry of Defense presented footage of a massive strike by long-range aircraft (Tu-160, Tu-95MS, Tu-22М3) on ISIS infrastructure facilities:



Today, long-range aviation is not only one of the most serious means of combating terrorist groups sponsored by third countries, it is one of the most important components of nuclear deterrence forces. This is the means of the Supreme Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation for solving strategic tasks.

Armed with long-range aircraft consist strategic missile carriers Tu-160, Tu-95MS, long-range bombers Tu-22M3, aircraft refueling tankers IL-78 (M), a special aircraft An-30B, transport planes An-12, 26-An, helicopters Mi- 8 and Mi-26.

Long-range aircraft perform patrols of the air borders of Russia, appear in neutral waters over Northern Europe, off the east and west coast of North America. In 2014, long-range aircraft landed on airfields in Nicaragua and Venezuela. The range of work is truly huge.

“Military Review” congratulates pilots and veterans of long-range aviation on their professional holiday! Let the number of takeoffs always equal to the number of landings!
Photos used:
http://function.mil.ru
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  1. Andrey Yuryevich
    Andrey Yuryevich 23 December 2015 06: 07 New
    18
    "truckers" - with a holiday! drinks this year, for the first time, you really "warmed up" ... soldier
    1. vovanpain
      vovanpain 23 December 2015 06: 11 New
      35
      Happy holiday strategists! drinks
      1. Tatyana
        Tatyana 23 December 2015 07: 25 New
        14
        Everyone knows that the Motherland must be guarded and protected not only at the neighbors, but also at the FAR approaches to it.
        With a professional holiday to all of you who serve and have served in FAR aviation!
        We are very proud of you! love
        Good luck and success in solving combat missions!
        1. _Vladislav_
          _Vladislav_ 23 December 2015 09: 12 New
          +3
          CONGRATULATIONS FRIENDS! drinks

          I can not congratulate you. Although I myself have no relationship in Long-Range Aviation. But I’m very glad that our country has such a function (capabilities).

          It will be very interesting to see PAK YES. Very important perspective.
          1. Bersaglieri
            Bersaglieri 24 December 2015 18: 09 New
            +1
            Hmm, what does the T-4MS ("Two Hundred") have to do with it again? PAK-YES is completely different. And the terms are all shifting along it, for the modernization of the Tu-22M3 and Tu-160 is a priority.
      2. vladimirZ
        vladimirZ 23 December 2015 07: 55 New
        17
        On the day of Long-Range Aviation, it is necessary to recall its main organizer and commander of the ADD during the war years, the flying Chief Marshal of Aviation Alexander Golovanov, to remember that the ADD was personally subordinate through Golovanov to the Supreme Commander-in-Chief Stalin I.V.
        In the book of A. Golovanov "Long-range bomber ..." reflects the combat path of Long-Range Aviation during the Great Patriotic War, dozens of its heroes are listed.
        Happy holiday, Long-Range Aviation, all who served and continue to serve in it, flight and engineering personnel!
        1. ibu355yandex.ru
          ibu355yandex.ru 23 December 2015 08: 35 New
          +4
          Vladimir, let me congratulate you on the Day of Long-Range Aviation, and at the same time, all your colleagues are well-heeled !!!
        2. Iline
          Iline 23 December 2015 09: 41 New
          +7
          Quote: vladimirZ
          ADD was subordinate through Golovanov personally to the Supreme Commander-in-Chief Stalin I.V.

          So after all, in our times there was an abbreviation of type 37 VA (VGK). VGK just designated 37th Air Army of the Supreme Commander.
          And now to the theme of the holiday - all the far-offers, and especially the Mozdok residents and Engels, who have served and are acting, with our holiday! Good luck in the difficult service! soldier
        3. moskowit
          moskowit 23 December 2015 12: 31 New
          +4
          I recommend everyone to read the book of Marshal A. Golovanov. An interesting, objective document of the era.
    2. Air Force captain
      Air Force captain 23 December 2015 13: 41 New
      +6
      All involved (Flight personnel, engineering and support services) with a holiday !!! Peaceful heaven and fortress in difficult times .. I congratulate you wholeheartedly soldier
    3. dyksi
      dyksi 23 December 2015 17: 05 New
      +2
      That's for sure, Andrei Yurievich, I join in your congratulations !!! Long-range aviation clear skies !!!
  2. Boos
    Boos 23 December 2015 06: 10 New
    11
    I join the toast, it is a pity that Golovanov was not mentioned in such an article, there is reason to remember the Stalinist marshal. He created the Long-Range Bomber Aviation.
  3. Cap.Morgan
    Cap.Morgan 23 December 2015 06: 13 New
    12
    Beautiful plane. Tu-160.
    Even the appearance speaks of power and serious combat capabilities.
    1. BLOND
      BLOND 23 December 2015 06: 34 New
      +7
      Cap.Morgan
      Beautiful plane. Tu-160


      and each of them has a SOUL!
  4. parusnik
    parusnik 23 December 2015 06: 22 New
    +9
    Thank you for the clear sky! Happy Holiday! drinks
  5. Just BB
    Just BB 23 December 2015 06: 24 New
    +8
    So that the information about the next flyby of Europe is no longer "first-lane", and so that "a sheet of the calendar is torn off - that means the day has passed for good reason" + the next 10 hours in the flight book drinks
  6. BLOND
    BLOND 23 December 2015 06: 27 New
    +3
    “Military Review” congratulates pilots and veterans of long-range aviation on their professional holiday! Let the number of takeoffs always equal to the number of landings!


    Neither subtract nor add - we join in the congratulations!

    Prosperity and sensible leaders at all levels to you Dalniki!
  7. horoh
    horoh 23 December 2015 06: 33 New
    +4
    WITH A HOLIDAY BOUND !!! drinks
  8. Panabebis
    Panabebis 23 December 2015 06: 42 New
    10
    By the way, long-range aviation in the future may also serve for import substitution ...
  9. Panabebis
    Panabebis 23 December 2015 06: 43 New
    +3
    HAPPY HOLIDAY!
  10. pvv113
    pvv113 23 December 2015 06: 44 New
    13
    Happy Holidays to those who linked their fate with Long-Range Aviation!
  11. Alexander 3
    Alexander 3 23 December 2015 06: 45 New
    +7
    Today I’ll definitely raise a little bit for the far-offers. Happy men!
  12. Zomanus
    Zomanus 23 December 2015 06: 47 New
    +5
    Long-range aviation with a holiday.
    And further strengthening.
  13. Thunderbolt
    Thunderbolt 23 December 2015 07: 03 New
    13
    Happy Holidays! Thank you, Eagles, for Berlin and ISIS!
  14. Dmitry Potapov
    Dmitry Potapov 23 December 2015 07: 05 New
    +6
    We warn you! We have long arms!
  15. Mangel olys
    Mangel olys 23 December 2015 07: 33 New
    10
    Long-range aviation is an operational-strategic association of the Russian Armed Forces, a strategic reserve of the Supreme High Command and a component of the strategic nuclear forces of Russia. One of the main tasks of long-range aviation in Russia is the defeat of enemy military facilities at a distance of many thousands of kilometers from their bases, as well as operational and strategic aerial reconnaissance.
    At present, the long-range aircraft are armed with the Tu-160, Tu-95MS and Tu-22М3 strategic bombers.
    Today marks the 101 year of the Long-Range Aviation of the Air Force of the Russian Federation. Long-range aviation entered many heroic pages in the military history of the Fatherland. The courage and courage of Long-Range Aviation pilots have always been an example of fidelity to military duty and military oath, courage and endurance, heroism and military skill.

    Happy holiday, colleagues!
  16. Great-grandfather of Zeus
    Great-grandfather of Zeus 23 December 2015 07: 46 New
    +8
    So that the number of takeoffs equals the number of landings! Happy Holidays !!!!!!
  17. Masya masya
    Masya masya 23 December 2015 07: 50 New
    13
    Only Russian pilots
    Easy soar up!
    Fine and strong -
    In the open spaces above the birds!

    Only in long-range aviation
    Full of simple hearts!
    They are humble and faithful -
    Air Force Elite!
    Happy Holidays!
  18. aszzz888
    aszzz888 23 December 2015 07: 56 New
    +6
    Get the enemy further, and the further the better!
    Happy holiday guys, long-range aviation! love
  19. kursk87
    kursk87 23 December 2015 08: 07 New
    +8
    Happy holiday to everyone related to long-range aviation! You are an important link in the country's nuclear triad
  20. askort154
    askort154 23 December 2015 08: 08 New
    +5
    HAPPY HOLIDAY!
    Clear skies, soft landings!
    Number of take-offs = number of landings!
  21. Vityok
    Vityok 23 December 2015 08: 17 New
    +3
    WITH HOLIDAY everyone involved in long-range aviation! love And as the song sings - the first thing, the first thing is airplanes, well, girls ...! drinks
    1. novel66
      novel66 23 December 2015 08: 31 New
      +4
      sings "first thing we mess up the planes .."
  22. novel66
    novel66 23 December 2015 08: 25 New
    +9
    three glasses for my Tu-95 VK22 with tail number 28 (now it’s already ms, probably), and for the x-22 rocket on which I rode up and down !!!
    1. WUA 518
      WUA 518 23 December 2015 13: 55 New
      +8
      Quote: novel xnumx
      three glasses for my Tu-95 VK22 with tail number 28

      Happy Holidays! drinks
      1. novel66
        novel66 23 December 2015 18: 29 New
        +5
        thanks buddy !! drinks
  23. cniza
    cniza 23 December 2015 08: 29 New
    +5
    With the holiday of all our distant aviators, success in preparing and improving combat skills, the higher it is, the calmer we will live. Thank you, once again with the holiday.
  24. evil partisan
    evil partisan 23 December 2015 08: 30 New
    11
    I read V. Reshetnikov’s book in one breath. After reading the book “What Was, It Was,” I realized that the most trained, most gifted pilots were mostly ADD pilots.
    V. Reshetnikov:
    A. Molodchiy:
    Their planes:
  25. Dwarfik
    Dwarfik 23 December 2015 08: 42 New
    +5
    Happy holiday, men! Success and equality of takeoffs and landings!
  26. ibu355yandex.ru
    ibu355yandex.ru 23 December 2015 09: 17 New
    +3
    I congratulate the co-workers and all those who have devoted themselves to service in Long-Range Aviation on the Holiday !!! Health, prosperity, flying longevity, and Veterans - just Longevity!
  27. NEXUS
    NEXUS 23 December 2015 10: 12 New
    +5
    I join in all the congratulations. This year, for the first time, long-range aviation showed itself not in exercises. The whole world saw that our long-range aviation was alive and capable of performing any tasks. On the occasion, "truckers" drinks
  28. kit-kat
    kit-kat 23 December 2015 10: 22 New
    +3
    Congratulations on Long Aviation Day!
    840 TBAP.
  29. dandy
    dandy 23 December 2015 10: 28 New
    +6
    I congratulate all my colleagues on the 132nd TBAP (Tartu Garrison), 1986-88, with a holiday! I am proud that I had to do with ensuring the security of the air borders of our vast Motherland - the Soviet Union! Though not at the helm of the aircraft, but on the ground (fuel and lubricants service, laboratory assistant for quality control), but he joined in, which is incredibly proud. And the 22nd is generally a song, handsome men !!! Congratulations again and best wishes!
  30. evge-malyshev
    evge-malyshev 23 December 2015 10: 34 New
    +5
    I join in all the congratulations that "sounded" to the Dalniks. I especially want to congratulate the Vozdvizhenskys. Good health and happiness.
    Malyshev E.P.
  31. triglav
    triglav 23 December 2015 10: 44 New
    +4
    Glory to our ADD! Happy holiday !!!
  32. e2e4
    e2e4 23 December 2015 11: 02 New
    +4
    Congratulations to all involved in Long-Range Aviation on the Holiday! Health, true friends, reliable technology and a peaceful sky! Great admiration and respect for you!
  33. doework
    doework 23 December 2015 11: 33 New
    +3
    All "truckers" - a happy holiday! Let the number of landings equal the number of take-offs, and the "payload" lies with a minimum deviation! Thanks for your work! soldier
  34. Lord of the Sith
    Lord of the Sith 23 December 2015 11: 45 New
    +4
    My sincere congratulations!
  35. Ajjh
    Ajjh 23 December 2015 12: 16 New
    +3
    Every day is a holiday in Russia :)
  36. Old warrior
    Old warrior 23 December 2015 12: 23 New
    +4
    Strategists - GLORY!
  37. atamankko
    atamankko 23 December 2015 12: 38 New
    +3
    Dalniki, happy holiday, good luck on the ground and in the air. FBAshnik.
  38. Support
    Support 23 December 2015 16: 15 New
    +3
    Happy holiday, Guys. My dream is Heaven. You are lucky. You are There. Send greetings to Heaven from me, and to ALL of you clear Heaven and Victories !!
  39. dchegrinec
    dchegrinec 23 December 2015 16: 37 New
    +4
    Long trips to you guys! Eternal glory to the creators of such devices!
  40. Yuri from Volgograd
    Yuri from Volgograd 23 December 2015 17: 41 New
    +2
    I did not become a pilot, although I got sick with the sky, but I am sincerely happy for everyone who flies!
    Guys, happy holiday to you!
    I wish that they would solve all problems without loss! Flying weather and the latest cars !!
  41. Pvi1206
    Pvi1206 23 December 2015 18: 57 New
    0
    The sooner Russia is freed from liberal power, the sooner it will be respected in the world.
  42. Evgeniy30
    Evgeniy30 23 December 2015 20: 25 New
    0
    Ilya Muromets is not a long-range aviation. Especially with French engines. Long-range aviation as such arose under Comrade Stalin.
    1. Egevich
      Egevich 23 December 2015 21: 41 New
      0
      Quote: Eugene30
      Ilya Muromets is not a long-range aviation. Especially with French engines. Long-range aviation as such arose under Comrade Stalin.

      and? Where is the development of the message and the organizational conclusions? ..
  43. Denis Skiff
    Denis Skiff 23 December 2015 20: 32 New
    +3
    Here you read the topic, Happy Holidays from us! I wish you success in your business! All of us Happy Holiday!
    Hooray!