Military Review

December 19 - Military Counterintelligence Day

December 19 in Russia marks the day of military counterintelligence. The date was chosen due to the fact that it was on this day in 1918 that a special department appeared in Soviet Russia, which later became part of the military counterintelligence of the GPU. Special departments of military counterintelligence were created on the basis of the resolution of the Bureau of the Central Committee of the RCP (B.). Under this decree, the army of the Cheka was united with the bodies of military control, and as a result, the Special Department of the Cheka was formed under the Council of People's Commissars of the RSFSR.

The system was constantly improved, and over time, special departments of fronts, districts and other military formations became part of a unified system of state security bodies in the troops.

The military counterintelligence initially set itself the task of identifying the provocateurs operating in the army, as they said at the time, the "counter", agents of foreign intelligence services who found themselves in various military posts in the army of Soviet Russia. Due to the fact that in 1918, the army itself of the new post-revolutionary state was just being formed, the work of the military counterintelligence officers was more than enough. The work was complicated by the fact that the military counterintelligence system itself was actually written from scratch, since the pre-revolutionary experience of Russia in terms of countering destructive elements in the army was decided to be neglected. As a result, the formation and structuring of a special department went through numerous thorns and laid its imprint on the effectiveness of certain stages of creating the monolithic Red Army.

However, as a result of carrying out a truly gigantic amount of work, primarily in the selection of personnel, the effective activity of military counterintelligence was debugged, and in some respects it was fine-tuned, as they say, to the smallest detail.

Operational staff of special departments (special forces) were attached to military units and formations (depending on rank). At the same time, the special persons should have worn the form of the unit to which they were “assigned”. What was the official set of tasks for the operative officers of the military counterintelligence at the initial stage of its existence?

In addition to monitoring the morale of military units and their political views, military counterintelligence officers were tasked with identifying counter-revolutionary cells and persons engaged in destructive agitation. The special agents were supposed to identify persons who were engaged in the preparation of sabotage as part of the units of the Red Army, spying for those or other states, and were showing terrorist activity.

December 19 - Military Counterintelligence Day

A separate function of representatives of special departments was to conduct investigative work on crimes against statehood with the transfer of cases to military tribunals.

Memories of participants of the Great Patriotic War regarding the activities of representatives of military counterintelligence can hardly be called extremely positive. Under wartime conditions, there were also frank exaggerations, when soldiers were charged with counter-revolutionary activities, for example, for improperly winding up sisters, as a result of which the fighter rubbed his legs to monstrous wounds during foot marches and lost his ability to move as part of a unit when attacking / retreat. For modern lovers picking in stories such cases are a truly tidbit, with the help of which you can once again unleash the “human rights advocacy” handwheel and publish another “profound work” about the Stalinist repressive machine. In fact, excesses and unjust decisions were made - this is not what can be called a trend in the actions of professional military counterintelligence.

The tendency is that with the help of representatives of special departments, indeed, entire networks of enemy agents were revealed, which acted under the guise of officers' epaulets and not only. Thanks to the activities of military counterintelligence officers, it was often possible to raise the morale of the unit at a time when the soldiers were panicking and intended to randomly abandon their positions, putting at risk a particular operation. Many cases were noted during the Great Patriotic War, when it was the employees of special departments who led the units (although this function was certainly not part of the duties of military counterintelligence officers), for example, in the event of the death of a commander. And they did not lead behind the backs of the soldiers, as adherents of "free history" sometimes like to assert.

Since the times of the Great Patriotic War, the name of counterintelligence organizations SMERSH, which got its name from the abbreviation of the phrase “death to spies”, is widely known. The General Directorate of Counterintelligence, established by 19 on April 1943 of the year, was directly subordinate to the People's Commissar of Defense, JV Stalin.

The need to create such a structure was justified by the fact that the Red Army began to liberate the territories occupied by the Nazis, on which the accomplices of the German fascist troops could remain (and remained). On account of SMERSH fighters hundreds of successful operations. The whole line of activity is counteraction against the Bandera gangs operating in the territory of Western Ukraine.

Headed the Main Counterintelligence Directorate of SMERSH Viktor Semenovich Abakumov, who after the end of the Great Patriotic War was appointed to the post of Minister of State Security. In 1951, he was arrested on charges of "high treason and Zionist conspiracy", and on December 19, 1954 was shot on amended charge of fabrication of the so-called "Leningrad case" in the "Beria gang". In 1997, Viktor Abakumov was partially rehabilitated by the Military Collegium of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation.

Today, the military counterintelligence department operates as part of the Federal Security Service of Russia. The department is headed by Colonel-General Alexander Bezverhniy.

The tasks of military counterintelligence are today inextricably linked to identifying destructive elements in the ranks of the Russian army units, including those who, in violation of statutory requirements and Russian law, conduct contacts with representatives of foreign intelligence services and organizations supervised negatively affecting the combat capability or information security of units and formations. intelligence services and their derivatives. This is also the activity of identifying people who publish publicly available secret information about new weapons, as well as personal data of Russian military personnel participating in various types of operations, including the antiterrorist operation in Syria. This, at first glance, invisible work is one of the foundations of state security and improving the combat capability of the Russian army.

Happy holiday, military counterintelligence!
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  1. The black
    The black 19 December 2015 07: 17
    drinks Happy Communion fellow
    1. Andrey Yuryevich
      Andrey Yuryevich 19 December 2015 07: 27
      Happy Holiday! drinks hi
      1. mirag2
        mirag2 19 December 2015 07: 30
        Happy Holidays!
        And military luck.
      2. mirag2
        mirag2 19 December 2015 07: 30
        Happy Holidays!
        And military luck.
        1. oldseaman1957
          oldseaman1957 19 December 2015 07: 42
          Quote: mirag2
          Happy Holiday! And military luck.

          You can drink a stack of them today, while mentioning Viktor Semenovich Abakumov, who was innocently killed, as well. Cruel time, strong people!
          1. bannik
            bannik 21 December 2015 00: 20
            I am not bloodthirsty, but I am in favor of returning Smersh to its powers. Eternal Memory to the fighters against the enemies of Russia (USSR)!
            1. Diana Ilyina
              Diana Ilyina 21 December 2015 00: 33
              I don’t know how anyone, but I liked it! From the Internet.

              Comrade, believe she will pass
              And democracy and publicity
              And then, state security,
              Remember your names!

              Especially for Gozman, Nadezhdin, Tsipko, Akhedzhakova, Makarevich, Kasparov, Chubais and other liberal trash, from the Main Directorate of Counterintelligence "Smersh" of the USSR People's Commissar of Defense! Happy holiday guys, the main thing is to live and be healthy!
      3. Genur
        Genur 19 December 2015 13: 20
        I recommend to read
        -O. KHLOBUSTOV. STATE SECURITY From Khrushchev to Putin.
    2. Lord of the Sith
      Lord of the Sith 19 December 2015 13: 10
      sparking congratulations to counterintelligence. drinks
  2. Aleksandr72
    Aleksandr72 19 December 2015 07: 29
    Happy holiday "be silent, be silent"! Your work is in demand at all times.
  3. Same lech
    Same lech 19 December 2015 07: 30
    My favorite book about our counterintelligence in AUGUST 44 ... a masterpiece that no one in my opinion could not surpass.

    Congratulations to the counterintelligence on the DAY OF CONTRAST EXPLORATION .... your service is now in demand as it was many years ago and will be needed by our people for a long time .. you all hope that a cunning and treacherous enemy will not break into the higher echelons of power ... otherwise it will it’s bad for everyone, history has proved it.
    1. Tusv
      Tusv 19 December 2015 08: 51
      Quote: The same Lech
      My favorite book about our counterintelligence in AUGUST 44 ... a masterpiece that no one in my opinion could not surpass.

      Your favorite book is called The Moment of Truth. the film did not shoot in Macedonian
      1. Imperial
        Imperial 19 December 2015 09: 33
        Your favorite book is called The Moment of Truth.
        Not in sports, different years of publication, different names. The earliest were called - In August, forty-fourth.
        1. Tusv
          Tusv 19 December 2015 09: 57
          Quote: Imperial
          Not in sports, different years of publication, different names.

          No arguing against the cover, but the main content drinks
          1. Imperial
            Imperial 19 December 2015 10: 16
            but the main content
            To the point drinks
          2. moskowit
            moskowit 19 December 2015 10: 38
            "..." In August the forty-fourth "is a novel by Vladimir Bogomolov, published in 1974. Other titles of the novel are" Killed during arrest ... "," Take them all !. "," Moment of Truth ", forty fourth "..."
            (from Wikipedia)
            So many titles of one novel. Not expected.
            1. I am
              I am 19 December 2015 13: 00
              Sorry, a little off topic, but !!!!!!
              There are many names - only you don’t need to climb into Wikipedia. It is interesting when we learn to use again domestic library resources. There are Soviet directories, catalogs and Russian too. Every time I write about it. In the classroom - there was an exam. students wrote it on a computer. I see climb on Wikipedia. Climbed - there-the same. Corrected an article about the Theory of automatic control, in particular, about stability criteria (corrected with complete nonsense). After 30 minutes I saw - all this nonsense among students in the answers. I ask them, are you aware that there are textbooks ??? Answer why? Wikipedia is more convenient. But I say nothing, that I fixed it ??? Do not believe. Opened with them. brought the old text back. Since then, the truth didn’t go there - there’s no reason - the students do not use this resource anymore - they do not trust.
              1. midivan
                midivan 20 December 2015 03: 24
                Quote: I am
                Corrected an article about the Theory of automatic control, in particular, about stability criteria (corrected with complete nonsense).

                your husband probably does not play in tanks? it makes no sense, so fix the sushi paddles and access without experience in FAPSI does not shine laughing hi
        2. The comment was deleted.
        3. bubalik
          bubalik 19 December 2015 10: 22
          Imperial (1) RU  Today, 09: 33 ↑ Not in sports, different years of publication, different names

          ... rarity, if the photo of your book, I shake my hand good
          1. Imperial
            Imperial 19 December 2015 10: 58
            ... rarity, if the photo of your book, I shake my hand
            That rarity knew, therefore, and acquired, here-
            1. bubalik
              bubalik 19 December 2015 20: 41
              Imperial (1) RU  Today, 10: 58 ↑

              ,,,well done,, good I recommend off topic: Severe air, Arsentiev
          2. Cap.Morgan
            Cap.Morgan 19 December 2015 12: 46
            I downloaded the "Library of War Adventures" as that, there are hundreds of novels published in the 50s - 60s, there are several masterpieces. "Mrs Bark's Doll" for example.
            Some, of course, are naive, but allow us to recall the spirit of that era, the realities of life, the style of communication, the atmosphere ... in general, something is of interest.
            Here it is.
            1. SlavaP
              SlavaP 21 December 2015 00: 19
              Listen - do you really remember this ??? And there is also "And One Warrior in the Field" - a true masterpiece and "The War of the Invisibles", and "The Secret of Wolverine", "At Critical Corners" and much more!
              1. a housewife
                a housewife 21 December 2015 01: 08
                "And one warrior in the field" is plainly written, more adventurous than historical. My favorite novel is "Shield and Sword". Masterpiece!
      2. alexej123
        alexej123 19 December 2015 13: 15
        I expected more from the film. Mironov ruined it. Alekhine in the film - not Alekhine in the book. I read 50 times. You constantly read and find new things for yourself. The ambush in the forest and Alekhine is especially distinguished - after all, he had to portray simplicity, at the same time control the behavior of the checked, at the same time check the documents, at the same time pump the checked by reference to the memory. I personally could not. Who knows, Bogomolov served in the organs? After all, only a knowledgeable person could write like that. Happy holiday counterintelligence, with the upcoming December 20 of all Chekists. Health to you and your loved ones.
        1. Same lech
          Same lech 19 December 2015 13: 44
          Who knows, Bogomolov served in the organs? After all, only a knowledgeable person could write like that.

          At least he had access to secret documents, in the internet there is a forum (try to find it by keywords) where his letters of reply to readers are posted ... very interesting answers.
          So there, according to him, the prototype of TAMANTSEV in the book was actually and he died in repelling a tank attack of the Germans ... unfortunately I do not know the details.
        2. cuzmin.mihail2013
          cuzmin.mihail2013 19 December 2015 23: 24
          The author of the book, V. Bogomolov, in an interview, spoke very badly about both the production of the film and the selection of actors for it. From my point of view, I fully support the author. Almost not one actor (maybe only V Galkin) does not correspond to the images of the heroes of the novel. The situation of the time has not been transferred (Preparing for Operation Bagration). And we don't have to talk about other flaws.
      3. The comment was deleted.
      4. Andrey Yuryevich
        Andrey Yuryevich 19 December 2015 15: 47
        Quote: Tusv
        in the film did not shoot Macedonian

        but the "pendulum" was pumped ...
      5. midivan
        midivan 20 December 2015 03: 17
        Quote: Tusv
        Your favorite book is called The Moment of Truth. the film did not shoot in Macedonian

        I don’t remember even, but did they swing the pendulum? smile
      6. STALK1974
        STALK1974 20 December 2015 17: 03
        How was it not shot in the film ??? And V. Galkin in the role of E. Tamantsev during the detention of the Mishchenko group.
    2. kyndyg
      kyndyg 19 December 2015 11: 24
      And will not surpass !!!
  4. Vityok
    Vityok 19 December 2015 07: 36
    HOLIDAY !!! Your service is dangerous and difficult ... and needed !!! love drinks good
  5. parusnik
    parusnik 19 December 2015 07: 39
    Happy holiday! Without you, nowhere .. not an easy job for you .. Success .. drinks
  6. VNP1958PVN
    VNP1958PVN 19 December 2015 07: 40
    Happy holiday men! Health, ingenuity, operational good luck and good luck in life! drinks hi
  7. Reptiloid
    Reptiloid 19 December 2015 07: 45
    Happy Holidays, Fighters OF THE INVISIBLE FRONT !! Successes, health --- to you and your loved ones!
  8. rotmistr60
    rotmistr60 19 December 2015 07: 52
    Happy holiday of pensioners of military counterintelligence and those who fulfill their duty to protect the state security of the country. A special congratulation to the Khabarovsk security officers.
  9. vobels
    vobels 19 December 2015 07: 58
    Health to the veterans of this unit!
  10. Chak
    Chak 19 December 2015 08: 01
    Happy holiday !!! Although I’m not a counterintelligence agent, I often use this picture in social networks when some Svidomo provocateur begins to breed srach. Acts KILLING!
    1. midivan
      midivan 20 December 2015 03: 30
      Quote: ChAK
      Happy holiday !!! Although I’m not a counterintelligence agent, I often use this picture in social networks when some Svidomo provocateur begins to breed srach. Acts KILLING

      I saw in classmates, I don’t know whether you were or not drinks for timid Bandera, so they rested soon !!!
    2. V.ic
      V.ic 20 December 2015 18: 13
      Quote: ChAK
      I often use this picture

      Remove the "kubari" from the buttonholes and paint the shoulder straps, "Photoshop" is in your hands.
  11. Masya masya
    Masya masya 19 December 2015 08: 02
    Happy Holidays!
  12. bad
    bad 19 December 2015 08: 05
    Happy Holiday! Success in hard service! soldier
  13. Shiva83483
    Shiva83483 19 December 2015 08: 11
    I hope that the heirs of the legendary SMERSH still have gunpowder in their flasks, for hard times are coming, maybe finish what my grandfather and his comrades did not succeed ... and therefore, gentlemen, OFFICERS, from counterintelligence, and good luck in your difficult really .... drinks soldier hi
  14. knn54
    knn54 19 December 2015 08: 12
    Congratulations and best wishes from the "former" Osnazovite. "Separate the wheat from the chaff" is about you.
    1. Gato
      Gato 19 December 2015 10: 39
      Quote: knn54
      Separate the grain from the chaff

      More precisely, "lambs from goats" drinks
  15. Mefodi5124
    Mefodi5124 19 December 2015 08: 28
    Happy holiday, good luck in everything!
  16. avva2012
    avva2012 19 December 2015 08: 31
    No matter how many Solzhenitsins shed mud, "Penal Battles" and others did not appear, however, sooner or later, it will triumph anyway! Happy Holidays! Patience to you. Understanding family and friends, your hard work!
  17. Russian jacket
    Russian jacket 19 December 2015 08: 31
    In the October Revolution, almost all management structures, except for intelligence, were defeated by the Bolsheviks. department of the imperial general staff ... This is a recognition ... Happy holiday .... Knights of the cloak and dagger. soldier drinks bully
    1. Gato
      Gato 19 December 2015 10: 52
      In fact, in the Russian Empire, counterintelligence departments at the headquarters of the military districts were created on June 8, 1911, by order of the Minister of War Sukhomlinov (the corresponding Regulation was signed). Prior to this, there was no official military intelligence in the Republic of Ingushetia. yes
    MIKHALYCH1 19 December 2015 08: 45
    Happy Holidays .. then keep quiet and take off my hat! hi
    1. Petrik66
      Petrik66 21 December 2015 14: 43
      Stirlitz - foreign intelligence. A counterintelligence agent is someone who catches people like Stirlitz, but not ours.
  19. Volga Cossack
    Volga Cossack 19 December 2015 08: 58
    Good Service !!!! and Happy Holiday !!!
  20. s.melioxin
    s.melioxin 19 December 2015 09: 02
    Intrigue Military Web
    The uninitiated is so complicated
    One thing is clear that a single
    Only a country can survive.

    Fighters invisible front
    Brave, faithful, smart.
    Being a counterintelligence is not easy
    But just as important for the country!

    Today happy holiday
    And we will wish from the heart
    Strong health, prosperity
    And in order to live a noble life!
  21. aszzz888
    aszzz888 19 December 2015 09: 15
    Nothing to add - of course, happy holiday! love soldier drinks
  22. Bort radist
    Bort radist 19 December 2015 09: 23
    Happy Holidays!
    Keep tradition.
    MIKHALYCH1 19 December 2015 09: 54
    Here men think, just ...
    Everything that we read and discuss (Syria, Ukraine, USA, etc.) This is all on the surface and garbage (if roughly ..)))) The main work is done by Counterintelligence! Silently, methodically and with losses, but we (not we) already in 100 years will recognize these Heroes of the invisible front and not all! Thanks to them for believing in Russia! They do not carry awards and live modestly, but they do what the whole army cannot! The eternal memory of those who died for our Motherland (no one even knows their names ..) I am a little pathetic and chaotic, but who knows will understand ... For them! drinks
  24. Cap.Morgan
    Cap.Morgan 19 December 2015 10: 03
    For reference.
    SMERSH was created on APRIL 19, the 43rd year, lasting until the 46th, the head of Abakumov.
    So today the corresponding department of the Cheka is celebrating its anniversary, not SMERSH.
    Shtirlits, or scouts, will celebrate tomorrow.
    In general, intelligence and counterintelligence were created much earlier in the form of departments at the General Staff of the Russian army.
  25. OlegV
    OlegV 19 December 2015 10: 07
    They do not take the cowardly and weak into counterintelligence.
    Counterintelligence is a brave and courageous hero.
    You do not keep the country for honors, glory,
    And for us, so that we have peace and quiet.

    Happy Scout Day and live happily ever after
    And good service to you, the heroes of the country.
    Be forever destiny and be protected by God.
    We say "Thank you", brave sons!

    Happy Holiday!
  26. Sergey Vladimirovich
    Sergey Vladimirovich 19 December 2015 10: 15
    Happy holiday, gentlemen! Whatever they say, .. but you did your job, in many respects thanks to which the Russian state is, .. to this day ... All the best to you! ..
  27. kursk87
    kursk87 19 December 2015 10: 23
    Congratulations on the holiday of all counterintelligence! Without intelligence, a country is blind, and without counterintelligence, it is defenseless. You have a huge responsibility to maintain the sovereignty and independence of our Great Motherland.
  28. Nikita Gromov
    Nikita Gromov 19 December 2015 11: 25
    Without military counterintelligence, an army, not an army, but a blind army. Happy Holiday Army Counterintelligence!
  29. Zubr
    Zubr 19 December 2015 12: 04
    Today I will raise a cup for my grandfather and for all those who are now living and have not returned.
    Happy holiday to you, good luck, filigree work and everyone to be alive ... drinks soldier
  30. Wolka
    Wolka 19 December 2015 12: 21
    we will live, everything is as before wink soldier
  31. Cap.Morgan
    Cap.Morgan 19 December 2015 12: 37
    The article is quite interesting about front-line intelligence laid out about 3 years ago.
  32. alex67
    alex67 19 December 2015 12: 44
    Happy holiday, military counterintelligence! soldier drinks
  33. Egor123
    Egor123 19 December 2015 12: 44
    Happy holiday to all involved! drinks
  34. 0000
    0000 19 December 2015 13: 09
    1. Cap.Morgan
      Cap.Morgan 19 December 2015 15: 18
      I did not like this work. A set of tales and rumors.
      Although journalistic works by Bushkov are not bad. On the history of Russia.
      1. 0000
        0000 19 December 2015 17: 19
        for those who do not own information _ tales and rumors wink

        _ few have access _ winked
        1. CHILD
          CHILD 19 December 2015 18: 11
          .. I was not obtrusively interested in Bushkov as something about this work .... at one time he appeared on Shantar ... he answered evasively that they told that and wrote ... and for the film adaptation of "Piranha" he said that he was for adaptation had no relationship and, accordingly, could not influence)))
          1. 0000
            0000 19 December 2015 19: 24
            "... someday, I firmly promise, I will nevertheless make a serious effort on myself, settle at the table so that the taiga is not visible through the window, and start a book with a boring, dry, protocol title:
            "Experiment Fog" "- about how everything was in reality twenty years ago .__ And __ no one will believe ....."

            A. Bushkov

            1. CHILD
              CHILD 20 December 2015 02: 13
              but he kind of said that on the topic the fog will not write ....
  35. Genur
    Genur 19 December 2015 13: 12
    Quote: The same LYOKHA
    favorite book about our counterintelligence in AUGUST 44 ... a masterpiece that no one in my opinion could not surpass.

    This year I read two books:
    -O. KHLOBUSTOV. STATE SECURITY From Khrushchev to Putin.

  36. alexej123
    alexej123 19 December 2015 13: 24
    Somehow on the body they told that even in the "roaring 90s", among the mattress special services, Russia was considered a country with a difficult operational regime due to the activities of counterintelligence. During the orgy, there were PEOPLE who did not exchange the concept of Honor and Homeland for "cookies". Once again, happy holidays.
  37. polite people
    polite people 19 December 2015 17: 38
    Ah sorry grandfather no certificate. Glory to the heroes.
    1. V.ic
      V.ic 20 December 2015 18: 17
      Quote: polite people
      Oh, sorry grandfather no certificate

      Upon transfer and dismissal, the certificate was surrendered at the instance.
  38. Ruswolf
    Ruswolf 19 December 2015 17: 39
    For those whose work is not visible!
    But its results are invaluable!
    Happy Holidays!
  39. nightingale
    nightingale 19 December 2015 18: 07
    Happy holiday
    More victory, less anxiety.
  40. Signaller
    Signaller 19 December 2015 19: 33
    Happy Holidays
  41. Litsvin
    Litsvin 19 December 2015 20: 41
    SMERSH - death to spies. Briefly and all this says !!! Happy holiday, WRC !!!
    Well, tomorrow is the HOLIDAY of the "older brothers" - "Chekists", descendants of "Iron Felix", who was originally from Belarus. We will congratulate them tomorrow.
  42. AKS-U
    AKS-U 19 December 2015 20: 50
    The first proposed name of the organization was SMERNESH, which meant death to German spies. To which the father of "all nations" asked - and we will regret the others. And it turned out modestly SMERSH. And menacing.
    Happy holiday Counterintelligence.
  43. Coconut
    Coconut 19 December 2015 21: 54
    I want to heartily congratulate the guys from ATP ... thank you for your work .. your foremost is our faith in you, the safety of our families, our children .. don’t let the guys down !!! happy holiday to you !!!
  44. mamont5
    mamont5 20 December 2015 14: 30
    Happy Holiday Counterintelligence! soldier
  45. Monastic
    Monastic 20 December 2015 20: 23
    Happy holiday, comrades!
    Oh how much work you have !!!
  46. iouris
    iouris 20 December 2015 21: 16
    It's time to recreate the service. It's time to publish the SMERSH archives. You need to know not only heroes, but also traitors.
  47. archimer
    archimer 20 December 2015 21: 31
    What would the best aces of the USSR answer!
  48. sledge
    sledge 20 December 2015 22: 10
    Congratulations. With all my heart Congratulations
  49. SlavaP
    SlavaP 21 December 2015 00: 24
    Congratulations! Our cause is just, victory will be ours!
  50. perm23
    perm23 21 December 2015 06: 18
    Happy holiday. Thank you for your service.