In Turkish public consciousness, the term “Moskof” has a share of ridicule and contempt - and, at the same time, fear. Moskof is not like the “Rum” (Greek) - a former serf who occasionally bully, but whom you cannot beat, just as you can not beat a younger brother. He also does not look like an Arab, who is stabbing a Bedouin with a knife, who likes to sleep too much and is not capable of doing any harm if, of course, the Englishman doesn’t feel it. No, Moskof occupies a very special place in the pantheon of Turkish enemies. This is a big, hairy bear hanging over a Turkish house. And from time to time he rushes at us, in all its godless wildness.
He bit off the first piece in 1783, defeating the Turkish fleet and taking away Crimea, the native home of Muslims and Turkic Tatars. In the next century, we lost one Balkan province after another, and Russia supported our enemies. The Russians saw the conquest of Constantinople as their historical mission, not only because they need a warm port in winter, but also because Constantinople, or Constantinople, as they called it, was the historical capital of their religion. They would have captured him, if not for the French and British intervention. The Europeans and the French feared that Russia would become too powerful on a diet consisting of swallowed pieces of the Ottoman Empire. Therefore, in 1853 they entered into an alliance with the Turks and barely managed to stop the king’s armies. As a result, the slow and painful decline of the Ottoman Empire had a billion reasons, but the Turks did not forget who started it all.
World War I was a chance Moskof to complete his work. He incited the Armenians, oppressed by the Ottoman regime, to a full-scale revolt. This episode remained a scar not only in the perception of Turkey by its neighbors, but also in how the Turks perceive themselves. By World War II, rivalry was already developing between the USSR and the Republic of Turkey. Formally, they were on one side, Turkey joined the allies at the end of the war. But when it ended, Stalin refused to renew the Russian-Turkish non-aggression pact, and began to breathe in the back of the head of Ankara, demanding more freedom for Russian ships when passing through the Turkish Straits, as well as putting forward territorial requirements for some Turkish eastern provinces. The pressure intensified, with the Black Sea fleet as a tool for demonstrating strength. In the end, Truman was forced to accept Turkey into the western camp, and in 1952 into NATO. This gave Ankara some relief and protection from Russian aggression. But in the following decades, Moskof started other games.
During the Cold War, the Leftist intelligentsia appeared in Turkey, under the strongest Soviet influence. The most famous of its representative was the poet Nazim Hikmet. These people were opposed by Komünizimle Mücadele Derneği (Association for War with Communism), founded in 1948 under the slogan: “Communists to Moscow!”. The association has become a living testimony to the power of communism, which could unite under one flag Turkish nationalists and Islamists - a feat that could not be repeated after the death of the Soviet Union. The war between the right and the left continued for several generations, everything became especially bad in 70's when the campuses of universities turned into battlefields between nationalists - “fascists” and communists - Moskof uşağı (Moscow puppets). In 1980, the military organized a coup - in order to stop it once and for all.
The military brutally suppressed both nationalists and communists - their political activity was undermined for decades to come. Since the Islamists didn’t stand out too much, they got less, and they continued their work. For the generation of young Islamists - Tayepa Erdogan, Abdullah Gul, Bulent Arench - the fight against atheistic Moscow was similar to the fight against the all-pervading secular state: it was primarily a fight for the spirit of the nation.
The Cold War finally brought Moscow to its knees. Turkish right made a bet on the right team. The Islamists - now well-organized and funded, have gained extraordinary influence - for the first time in the history of the Republic. At 94, they won regional elections, and at 2002 they formed a majority government. Since then, the Justice and Development Party has won four general elections.
The government has reduced the views of the Islamists to the world around, and, in particular, to the northern neighbor. Economic relations developed, and Russia became the second largest trading partner of Turkey. The Russian armies again came to warm ports - but this time they paid good money for staying at the resorts of Marmara and Antalya. Erdogan, meanwhile, established good relations with Putin and distanced himself from the EU.
As a result, the 2000's generation has grown, hearing “Moskof” only from grumpy grandmothers shouting: “put on a vest and don’t rush around my house like the bloody Moskof!”
But in order for the old hostility to go, more than one generation is needed. Those who pay attention to what is happening, have seen Moscow sharpen their teeth about their co-religionists in Chechnya, and, most recently, in the Crimea. And now the beast is on the other side of the war in Syria, it is tearing apart Muslim-Turkmen.
Only now a hero has appeared who speaks to the Turks - the centuries of decline have ended. Erdogan promises a new rise, recalls the glory of past victories and conquests, and promises that “New Turkey” will take its rightful place - the dominant power of the region.
And now, Erdogan shot down the plane Moskof. We all saw him fall in the sky of Levant. So as not to happen, he cannot apologize. This will be a violation of the promise to tens of millions who have never stopped dreaming of the Empire.