Military Review

Saudi Middle East policy rakes

19



In the plans of the West to establish control over the Middle East, Saudi Arabia plays a special role. The role is not a wordless extras, but the main artist. Hands Riyadh mechanisms are in place, on which the "free world" squeamish Mara. Unfortunately, this role of the Arab monarchy is understood in Russia not all ...

Corporate Interests of Diplomacy

One of the major mistakes of Russian foreign policy is the inability to separate the "wheat from the chaff." Or, in other words, to decide on who is a true ally of the country, who is a temporary companion, and who is an adversary who, no matter how enticing him, look at that, put a knife in the back.

Recall how much effort was made to push Belarus away! Endless trade wars, pressure, down to outright insults - this was the attitude of Moscow to the closest ally.

Conversely, before the tragic incident with the Su-24 aircraft, Turkey was portrayed as a true friend of Russia. Although NATO membership, support for Islamists in Syria, provocative statements on the Crimea, etc. not just talking - shouting! - on the contrary. The result is logical. The “friend” turned out to be the enemy, while the federal media do not spare paints for the portrayal of the Turkish authorities.

The reasons for such inconsistency lie on the surface. Corporate interests are often replaced by state interests in Russian diplomacy, and the benefit for a narrow circle of businessmen is given out for the benefit of the whole country. Such a substitution is fraught with failures, all the more dangerous because the opponents of Russia use any of its failures for new strikes.

However, judging by the latest events, the lesson from the Su-24 incident in Moscow was not learned. Two days after this event, the 4th meeting of the Russian-Saudi intergovernmental commission on trade, economic and scientific-technical cooperation was held in Moscow. His results exceeded all expectations. According to the co-chairman of the intergovernmental commission, Energy Minister Alexander Novak, Riyadh is ready to invest billions of dollars in infrastructure projects in Russia. Here and agriculture, and housing and utilities, and industry. The first steps have already been taken: the Russian direct investment fund and the sovereign fund of Saudi Arabia have agreed to establish a long-term strategic partnership in the amount of 10 billion dollars, a memorandum of cooperation in agriculture has been signed. In the near future, direct flights between the countries will be established, a significant simplification of the visa regime is planned. In addition, Russian companies Gazprom, Inter RAO and Renova have announced their interest in entering the Saudi market (pay special attention to this!).

But cooperation is not limited to purely peaceful areas. Moscow and Riyadh are discussing the supply of Russian weapons to the kingdom, including the Iskander operational tactical complexes, 20382 corvettes, and others. The volume of the deal can reach 10 billions of dollars. As expected, it will be concluded during the visit to Russia of the King of Saudi Arabia Salman al-Saud.

On the different sides of the barricades

Strengthening ties with Riyadh, the Russian leadership is attacking the Turkish "rake" when the ghostly perspective of the "Turkish Stream" forced them to turn a blind eye to Ankara's uniquely provocative actions.

Meanwhile, the Saudi authorities do not hide their hostile attitude towards Russia and its allies - Syria and Iran. Let's start with the economic sphere. Launching the process of a sharp decline in oil prices, the kingdom authorities beat Moscow and Tehran, which, like Riyadh, did not have a “financial pillow” in the form of 700 billions of dollars in foreign reserves. The Saudis do not intend to abandon this policy. According to oil minister Ali an-Nuaymi, the dumping will continue until "inefficient producers leave the market."

Having dealt the first blow with more than a twofold decrease in prices, Saudi Arabia embarked on the second stage - the seizure of oil markets. Riyadh began supplying fuel at lower prices to Poland and Sweden, which are traditional importers of Russian raw materials. The head of Rosneft, Igor Sechin, called it "active dumping." There was no other reaction from Russia.

In military-political issues, Saudi Arabia also stands out from hostile positions. At the end of November, the Foreign Minister of the Kingdom, Adel al-Jubeir, stated that a military solution to the Syrian conflict remains on the agenda. “We will continue to support the opposition, which is fighting the regime of Bashar al-Assad,” he added. Very specifically perceive in the kingdom and the peace plan, developed in Vienna. By the end of the year, a meeting of representatives of various groups of the Syrian opposition should take place in Riyadh. Saudi authorities will try to form a single bloc of them to participate in negotiations with Damascus. However, as Al-Jubeir stressed, the purpose of these negotiations will be the "elimination of Assad."

The operation of the Russian air force in Syria is also extremely negative here. According to the Saudi authorities, this leads to an escalation of the conflict and the strengthening of terrorist organizations. That is what is stated in the resolution adopted by the UN Human Rights Committee on the initiative of Riyadh.

The hypocrisy of the Saudi authorities just rolls over. “Dzhebhat an-Nusru”, recognized as a terrorist organization in Russia, they openly support with money and weapons. The kingdom is officially denied assistance to the “Islamic State” in the kingdom, but at the same time they are not going to suppress the financing of “IG” by various Saudi foundations and private individuals. As for the participation of Riyadh and its allies in the coalition against the Islamists, it was formal from the very beginning, and now completely frozen. Recent Departures aviation Saudi Arabia committed in September, Bahrain - in February, the UAE - in March.

In other words, Riyadh is on the other side of the barricades and, the farther away, the more actively it resists the actions of Russia. According to military expert Alexei Leonkov, it was American and Saudi aircraft that followed the downed Su-24 and transferred its coordinates to the Turkish fighter.

Despite this, the attitude towards Saudi Arabia in the Russian media space cannot be called negative. Moreover, in recent months, more and more materials have appeared, frankly idealizing the policy pursued by the kingdom. This suggests the existence of a pro-Saudi lobby in the Russian establishment.

Vain illusions

Such a strategy can greatly harm Moscow, worsening its relations with much more consistent partners. As is known, Riyadh considers Iran its main enemy and makes every effort to weaken it. Often, the actions of the authorities of the kingdom pass all conceivable boundaries. In November, more than 50 people were sentenced to death here. Not for the killings, not for terrorism - but for participating in demonstrations that swept through the Shiite areas of the country in 2011. The requirements of equality were regarded by the Saudi leadership as an attempt to overthrow the state system. Among those condemned to execution are the influential Shiite theologian, Sheikh Nimr an-Nimr, and his nephew, who barely turned 19 years old. Medieval savagery is the way of future execution - beheading followed by crucifixion. All this is a clear signal to Iran, which in Riyadh is accused of trying to destabilize the Shiite areas.

In general, the elementary rights and freedoms in the absolute monarchy, which is Saudi Arabia, are being trampled upon at every turn. Recently the poet Ashraf Fayyad was sentenced to death here, all the charges against which are based on the testimony of a witness who allegedly heard from his mouth curses against Allah. Penalty for witchcraft and apostasy are commonplace for the country.

Crush during the 24 hajj of September of this year became a terrible tragedy. According to the latest data, over 2 thousands of people have become its victims. The most likely reason was the appearance in the area of ​​the motorcade of the Minister of Defense, the vice heir of the Saudi throne, Mohammed ibn Salman, which led to the blocking of roads. The investigation of the tragedy was “lowered on the brakes”, and the Iranian delegation, which was going to fly to the kingdom to identify the bodies of the dead and bring them home, was denied visas by the Saudi authorities.

Why the “free world” closes eyes to these crimes is clear: Riyadh is a key ally of Washington. But for what reason does Russia not react?

Equally difficult to understand the indifference with which the country's leadership relates to the war crimes of Saudi Arabia in Yemen. There are so many of them that it’s fit not only to apply to the International Criminal Court, but also to demand the creation of a separate international tribunal. Coalition aviation, which includes Saudi Arabia, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates and a number of other countries, destroys everything. Recent examples include the bombing of the Doctors Without Borders organization and a school for girls in the city of Sa'ada. At the same time, the Arab coalition uses prohibited cluster munitions and impedes the delivery of humanitarian aid. Recently, Riyadh closed the airspace for the aircraft of the Russian Ministry of Emergency Situations, which delivered humanitarian aid to Sana'a.

Despite the obvious superiority in strength (thousands of soldiers of the regular armies of the Arab monarchies, as well as mercenaries from African countries) are fighting against the Hussite rebels in Yemen, the coalition is failing. In recent weeks, the Hussites were able to regain control of the provinces of Taiz, Marib, El-Beida and Al-Dali. From Aden - the main stronghold of the puppet government of Mansur Hadi and the supporters who support him - the entire 30 kilometers separates them.

Most likely, in the very near future, the coalition will be forced to agree to negotiations and fulfill the demands of the rebels, among which are equal rights for the Shiite minority and economic reforms. In this case, the Hussites will become a powerful political force in Yemen, and Russia could get a new ally in a key region from a geopolitical point of view. However, all attempts of the Hussites to enlist the support of Moscow (where delegations from Yemen came several times) ended in nothing. For the sake of maintaining partnerships with Riyadh, Russia rejected the stretched hand ...

Meanwhile, one can’t count on the benefits of strengthening relations with Saudi Arabia. Riyadh is tied to Washington by too close a 70-year bond to embark on an independent voyage. Moreover, the military-political cooperation between the absolute monarchy and the "free world" is only intensifying. Recently, a deal was concluded on the supply to the kingdom of 4 warships from the United States in the amount of $ 11 billion, as well as 22 thousand bombs worth $ 1,3 billion. And in Bahrain, which is called the fourteenth province of Saudi Arabia, the laying of the British naval base took place, which will allow "the fleet Her Majesties' constantly present in the Persian Gulf.

These steps are aimed at achieving complete control over the Middle East. In this sense, the hopes for the establishment of allied relations between Moscow and Riyadh are an illusion. And the sooner this is understood in the Kremlin, the better.
Author:
Photos used:
http://www.vox.com/2015/12/1/9821466/saudi-problem-isis
19 comments
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  1. BABA SHURA
    BABA SHURA 17 December 2015 06: 57
    0
    Free world,
    you say ... :)
    1. 222222
      222222 17 December 2015 11: 02
      0
      The Saudi Rake of Middle East Policy "
      ... jumps .... on the Camels !!! ... kicking ..and on the ground .. and again in the yurt .. a nomad .. laughing
    2. qwert
      qwert 17 December 2015 11: 09
      +5
      "The reasons for such contradictions lie on the surface. Corporate interests often substitute for state interests in Russian diplomacy, and the benefit for a narrow circle of businessmen is passed off as benefit for the whole country. blows. " Right words. This is the basis of both foreign policy and domestic economic problems.
  2. parusnik
    parusnik 17 December 2015 07: 22
    14
    Let’s recall how much effort was put into pushing Belarus! ..May remember, situations where Belarus was supposed to prove itself as an ally, but did not show ..In this sense, the hope of establishing allied relations between Moscow and Riyadh is an illusion...And somehow it seems that the Kremlin doesn’t have such hopes ... But the Kremlin doesn’t need an ardent enemy either ...
    1. rotmistr60
      rotmistr60 17 December 2015 08: 12
      +3
      I agree with you. I also believe that our leadership has no illusions about SA. What is being done is obviously necessary now.
      Corporate interests often replace state interests in Russian diplomacy.

      I do not agree with the author. Where, where, and in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, it is just state interests that are being privatized. And do not forget that the Ministry of Foreign Affairs is implementing precisely the plans of the Kremlin.
    2. Atrix
      Atrix 17 December 2015 11: 10
      +4
      Quote: parusnik
      Maybe we recall situations where Belarus was supposed to prove itself as an ally, but did not show ..

      The whole problem is that Russia has no allies anywhere except its Navy and Army. So personally, I see no reason to date all sorts of states that are not allies. Belarus is also not an ally, and this is evident in the Georgian conflict and in the conflict in Syria.
      Take the same US said, for example, we will bomb Libya and immediately lined up 10-20 states that send their planes, it does not matter that the USA plays a major role in delivering strikes. The main thing that can be shown on TV is that you see us supporting other countries, here are their planes, here are their tanks, etc.
      And Russia has only non-allies, the same CSTO makes sense from this alliance when even its member states were not sent by the states entering it during the conflict in Georgia. It turns out tomorrow if someone attacks a member of the union, Russia must send its soldiers to die, and they refrain from sending their troops when Russia needs help, even if this is purely formal assistance.
    3. Megatron
      Megatron 17 December 2015 22: 28
      +2
      With such allies as father but no enemies!
      Any question immediately translates into the plane of "brotherly relations" and then almost slips into anti-Russian rhetoric.

      If anyone does not remember, then he still has not recognized South Ossetia and Crimea.
      All his life, he sings in front of a geyropa.
  3. good7
    good7 17 December 2015 07: 39
    -2
    Well, what did you want Ramzanchik flew to them agreed on everything drinks Well, direct air traffic? Who told you that there are no idiots in the Kremlin! Erdogan was considered impossible as a friend and that - they were friends until the gray wolves started running around the Crimea! KSA our ardent enemy is 200% while the state is not Wahhabi, do not have illusions too! They will build mosques with mullahs from Saudi Arabia, and then today's terrorism will seem to you like a sandbox game!
  4. Lelek
    Lelek 17 December 2015 08: 23
    +1
    (Riyadh is tied to Washington by too close a 70-year bond to set sail on its own. Moreover, military-political cooperation between the absolute monarchy and the "free world" is only intensifying.)

    In addition, both Riyadh and the United States are secretly trying to save and support DAESH. They just need this tool to implement "controlled chaos" on the BV and SV.
    It is necessary to "be friends" with those and others, but only if it will be beneficial and useful for Russia, without losing vigilance.
    (cry.)
  5. Kyrgyz
    Kyrgyz 17 December 2015 08: 26
    +1
    KSA is not an ally but Iran is not an ally, we do not really need one for BV to dominate because any domination will seek to expand, we do not guarantee anything KSA we trade like everyone else, we trade because we need money, but I don’t noticed that we would trade diplomacy. And to trade with those who like it is the prerogative of the ideologized and rich, we went through it, the fact is that a rich buyer is always obstinate and ambitious because he has the ability to do this, and a poor buyer is always loyal and flexible, but he has no money. We and the United States sell what we buy, in general there are too many politicians, partly because of this, the income of the USSR suffered, now the income of the West suffers, and we don’t need to attack this rake, but we must limit the foreign trade policy if we don’t remove it. We do not provide anyone with supplies to their market, but let them think about it because we need to protect our market from dumping and develop internal competition
    1. good7
      good7 17 December 2015 08: 43
      +1
      Are we Kyrgyzstan? You see what the problem is KSA strive to become a world religious barbarian power! They are no different from ISIS, they can immediately appoint a direct flight Rakka - Moscow! Well, why is there no difference, in some flags the green is black for others? In addition to air bombs, did they help their neighbors with anything from their multi-billion dollar investments?
      1. Kyrgyz
        Kyrgyz 17 December 2015 12: 00
        +1
        Quote: good7
        You see what the problem is KSA strive to become a world religious barbarian power!

        Albania and Romania also call themselves great, on what basis is their greatness based? KSA has only oil, which is subject to fluctuations that depend little on them and is not unique, this state is 50 years old and in the Arab world they are nouveau riche and like new Russians in their time, they still skip their money, so why not in our tavern? Their projects are of interest only to those whom they sponsor and only as long as they sponsor, their IGs do not have success in Afghanistan which in theory should be thankful to them, their project has never won anywhere, they are a problem and maybe they will be solved, but not we because they are not our main problem for us and let those who spend the resources for them are a bigger problem for us than for us, besides they are a deterrent for Iran because great Persia is no less a problem for us than a great Porta, and great Arabia is a lesser problem us but not real for almost all other Arabs
  6. alecsis69
    alecsis69 17 December 2015 09: 41
    0
    Belarus as a member of the family. We expect understanding and support from her, hence the conflicts on those occasions on which they would not say anything about others. And KSA is a neighbor, and even from a neighboring front door, and if we are polite people will smile at him and say hello to him until he starts to hammer at our wall at 3 a.m., but we do not expect any good services from them . As for investments, why not, they brought down oil prices and brought us a loss, even if they compensate for it, at least partially, in other areas. As for the market seizures, they squeezed us in Poland, and we pushed them even harder in China. Statistics should be considered in its entirety.
  7. Jackking
    Jackking 17 December 2015 09: 56
    +3
    If Belarus wanted to be a union state, then at least in words it supported the actions of Russia. Instead - a public refusal to provide an airfield and an attempt to flirt with the West (sanctions were removed from the Old Man - hurray !!!).
    As for the Saudis, I completely agree - these are lying Arabs who sleep and see. how to spoil Russia. I hope that our people understand this ...
    1. ruskih
      ruskih 17 December 2015 10: 56
      +2
      In the explanatory dictionary of the living Great Russian language by Vladimir Dal, the meaning of the word "Union, in the meaning of a close connection between people, friendship, partnership, conditional consent, covenant; union of two or many, for a certain purpose. Allied affairs are dark water!" ... Those. no goal, no union. And Belarus is a native state. Family boundaries were drawn. And a little against a word or kept silent, so immediately bad. Or maybe just someone does not want to be dust under the feet of a "narrow circle of businessmen."
  8. Johnny51
    Johnny51 17 December 2015 11: 27
    0
    Alas, capital rules the world ... It is a pity that with us too.
  9. Nikolay71
    Nikolay71 17 December 2015 11: 38
    0
    Quote: Kyrgyz
    KSA is not an ally but Iran is not an ally, we do not really need one for BV to dominate because any domination will seek to expand, we do not guarantee anything KSA we trade like everyone else, we trade because we need money, but I don’t noticed that we would trade diplomacy. And to trade with those who like it is the prerogative of the ideologized and rich, we went through it, the fact is that a rich buyer is always obstinate and ambitious because he has the ability to do this, and a poor buyer is always loyal and flexible, but he has no money. We and the United States sell what we buy, in general there are too many politicians, partly because of this, the income of the USSR suffered, now the income of the West suffers, and we don’t need to attack this rake, but we must limit the foreign trade policy if we don’t remove it. We do not provide anyone with supplies to their market, but let them think about it because we need to protect our market from dumping and develop internal competition

    In general, I agree. Iran is a temporary ally, only due to the situation in Syria, and I think that no one in the Kremlin considers the KSA as an ally. And in general, any more or less independent country cannot have permanent allies and permanent opponents, in this the Britons are right. And the CSTO countries are still fragments of a single whole and I am sure they will unite again in the future. And how it will be called the "Eurasian Union" or something else is not important. And Ukraine (possibly without the western part) will return to the true path, only later than the others.
  10. user3970
    user3970 17 December 2015 11: 49
    0
    Is it true that the daughter of Foreign Minister Lavrov is a US citizen, and how does his granddaughter live in this country? Mdya ... Something inspired. There was such a colonel of the GRU Poteev. His dad, the deceased, the hero of the Soviet Union. So, while he served in this respected department, his daughter studied in the United States. Well, there, the appropriate services, having conducted who the dad serves, offered the dad a choice: either be friends, or they’ll find drugs at his daughter ... Guess what, dad, the GRU colonel chose? It’s interesting, but who, besides Lavrov, has relatives and business in the West?
  11. -Traveller-
    -Traveller- 17 December 2015 14: 23
    0
    with the Arabians it is quite possible to bargain on most issues. they are primarily businessmen, not religious fanatics. the Saudis interact with Israel.
  12. Andrei946
    Andrei946 18 December 2015 11: 50
    0
    Quote: Sergey Kozhemyakin
    However, judging by the latest events, the lesson from the Su-24 incident in Moscow was not learned. Two days after this event, the 4th meeting of the Russian-Saudi intergovernmental commission on trade, economic and scientific-technical cooperation was held in Moscow. His results exceeded all expectations. According to the co-chairman of the intergovernmental commission, Energy Minister Alexander Novak, Riyadh is ready to invest billions of dollars in infrastructure projects in Russia. Here and agriculture, and housing and utilities, and industry. The first steps have already been taken: the Russian direct investment fund and the sovereign fund of Saudi Arabia have agreed to establish a long-term strategic partnership in the amount of 10 billion dollars, a memorandum of cooperation in agriculture has been signed. In the near future, direct flights between the countries will be established, a significant simplification of the visa regime is planned. In addition, Russian companies Gazprom, Inter RAO and Renova have announced their interest in entering the Saudi market (pay special attention to this!).
    But cooperation is not limited to purely peaceful areas. Moscow and Riyadh are discussing the supply of Russian weapons to the kingdom, including the Iskander operational tactical complexes, 20382 corvettes, and others. The volume of the deal can reach 10 billions of dollars. As expected, it will be concluded during the visit to Russia of the King of Saudi Arabia Salman al-Saud.

    The thing is that despite the fact that Saudi Arabia is in line with US foreign policy, in fact it is a vassal of Anglo-Saxons. And the conclusion of contracts with Russia is an opportunity to replay them, and the purchase of weapons is generally the choice of your strategic ally. In fact, we are in a split in the elite of Saudi Arabia. One part of the elite looks at the Anglo-Saxons, and the other at Russia. Here someone will outplay someone. If the Russian elite does not betray the interests of the country, then everything will be fine. And if you do not have contact with the Saudis, then how to replay ?! Do not forget that Soviet Russia was one of the first to recognize the state of Saudi Arabia