Military Review

Air Defense Development: Plans for 2016 Year

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The Russian Ministry of Defense sums up the year and announces plans for the future. Last Friday, an expanded meeting of the Defense Ministry Board was held, at which a report on the performance of the 2015 year was read. In addition, the report included information from the current plans of the Ministry for the next year. It is planned to continue the construction of various facilities, conduct training of personnel, as well as procure new weapons and equipment. In the case of the procurement of new material parts, a special place is occupied by air defense systems. According to the latest data from the Ministry of Defense and other sources, next year the troops can receive several new products at once.


According to a report read out a few days ago, next year, the Russian defense ministry plans to continue procuring systems already adopted, and also sign several new contracts. Thus, the grouping of some air defense systems will be strengthened, while others will be supplemented or replaced with new samples. As a result, the military and object defense of the armed forces of Russia will have the most modern equipment to ensure the solution of all tasks.

The report argues that over the next year, air defense and missile defense forces should continue to develop the newest Triumph C-400 anti-aircraft missile systems. On 2016, the delivery of five regimental sets of this system is scheduled. Compounds that are to receive this technique are not listed. Similarly, no areas have been named that will protect new complexes.


Launcher complex C-400. Photo of Wikimedia Commons


ZRK C-400 are delivered to the troops since 2007, and managed to establish themselves as reliable weapon with high performance. Using several types of missiles, this system is capable of intercepting aerodynamic and ballistic targets in a wide range of ranges and altitudes. According to reports, the maximum interception range, using an appropriate rocket, reaches 400 km.

To enhance the air defense of the ground forces, the purchase of promising Buk-M3 complexes is scheduled for the next year. In 2016, it is planned to receive one brigade set of these systems. The system planned for purchase is another representative of the Buk family of complexes and differs from its predecessors in a number of characteristic features. The increase in performance, according to available data, is achieved through the use of modern element base and a new guided missile.

It is reported that due to various improvements and improvements, the Buk-M3 complex will be able to attack aerodynamic targets at ranges up to 70 km and altitudes up to 35 km. The division's command post, which is part of the complex, has 36 target channels, which makes it possible to target all the launchers and ensure the effective reflection of the attack from the air.

At the end of spring, the TASS news agency, citing unnamed sources in the Ministry of Defense, reported on the progress of the Buk-MXNUM project. It was alleged that the complex had successfully passed state tests and was adopted for the supply of the armed forces. In the summer, it was planned to conduct joint state tests, the results of which were to decide on the adoption of a new air defense system. With the successful completion of all tests, the complex could be put into service before the onset of winter. The timely signing of a contract for the supply of such equipment would allow the troops to receive the first complexes by the end of the winter 3-2015.


Launcher complex "Buk-M3". Photo Militaryrussia.ru


Unfortunately, the report of the Ministry of Defense mentions only two promising air defense systems, which will have to supplement the air defense system. However, in recent weeks there have been several reports about the future of some other promising projects in this area. So, until the end of next year, the troop and air defense facilities can receive the first samples of two newest anti-aircraft systems.

A few days ago RIA News published statements by the Deputy Director of the Design Bureau of Exact Machine Building named after Nudelman "Sergei Ignatov. According to the specialist, the development project of the Sosna air defense missile system has already approached the state testing stage. This phase of the project should start early next year. In the middle of 2016, the developer organization must submit a new complex to the military department. In the future we plan to sign a contract for the supply of serial equipment.

The Pine complex is a further development of the Strela family of short-range systems. In order to improve performance in the new complex, it is proposed to use a set of modern equipment. In addition, some new ideas were proposed, aimed at increasing the combat potential and survivability on the battlefield. As a result of such improvements, the firing range was increased to 10 km, and the minimum altitude of the intercepted target was reduced to 2 m. A curious feature of the Sinna air defense missile system is the rejection of radar detection devices. Instead, it is proposed to use a television system with a wide field of view and a laser rangefinder. New detection systems are said to be capable of taking on an aircraft tracking aircraft-type target at distances up to 30 km.

As follows from recent reports, the development of the complex "Pine" has already been completed. Now it is planned to carry out the full range of necessary tests, according to the results of which the new system can be put into service. Available information suggests that the promising air defense missile system may be put into service before the end of next year. In this case, the first production vehicles of the new model will be handed over to the troops at the end of 2016 or at the beginning of 2017.

Air Defense Development: Plans for 2016 Year
SAM "Pine". Photo Npovk.ru


The greatest interest among all domestic developments in the field of air defense is expectedly caused by a promising anti-aircraft complex C-500. According to previously published data, this air defense system will be adopted and put on duty in 2016-17. At the same time, open official information about the system being developed is scarce and extremely rarely published, which is why, in particular, most of the available information is conjecture and rumors.

The most recent references to the C-500 project are related to expert evaluations. So, shortly after the meeting at the Defense Ministry, military expert Igor Korotchenko commented on the current work on a promising project. According to RIA Novosti, the specialist claims that experts are currently completing state tests of the new air defense system. In the near future, the first pilot application of the system should take place. From what sources these data are obtained - it was not specified.

Currently, the further development of air defense is associated with four new projects. Air defense and missile defense forces in 2016 will continue to receive the already mastered C-400 systems in the future. In addition, in the foreseeable future, deliveries of C-500 complexes, which, according to some sources, are already being tested, should begin. The systems Buk-М3 and Pine are proposed for the air defense of the ground forces. The first has already passed tests and, apparently, has been accepted for service, and the tests of the second will be completed next year, after which the issue of its adoption will be decided.

According to a recent report on the results of the activities of the Ministry of Defense in 2015, by now the share of new weapons and equipment in the army has reached 47%. The current state armaments program, calculated up to 2020, implies bringing this parameter to the end of the decade to 70%. Scheduled for the next year, the deliveries of the C-400 and Buk-М3 SAMs will lead to a slight increase in the share of new weapons. The same result will be at the supply of "Pines" and C-500, planned for the more distant future. The creation and delivery of new air defense complexes to the troops is one of the main tasks of the current program. Therefore, all projects in this area will continue, resulting in the renewal of the material part and the growth of the defense potential of the country.


On the materials of the sites:
http://itogi2015.mil.ru/
http://ria.ru/
http://tass.ru/
http://lenta.ru/
http://rg.ru/
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  1. inkass_98
    inkass_98 16 December 2015 07: 31
    +7
    There are a lot of conversations on C-500, one of the TTX options in the picture:
    1. Nevsky_ZU
      Nevsky_ZU 16 December 2015 09: 05
      +3
      To enhance the air defense of the ground forces, the purchase of promising Buk-M3 complexes is scheduled for the next year. In 2016, it is planned to receive one brigade set of these systems.

      Beech-M3 means will begin to flow, but what is the fate of the system with -350 Vityaz? It also seems like a good medium defense system.
    2. Evgen_Vasilich
      Evgen_Vasilich 16 December 2015 10: 46
      +2
      and what about C-300В4? Also, like, the complex is awesome! and in range and other parameters.
      1. Bongo
        Bongo 16 December 2015 10: 52
        +5
        Quote: Evgen_Vasilich
        and what about C-300В4? Also, like, the complex is awesome! and in range and other parameters.

        S-300V family air defense missile systems Ground Defense have a pronounced missile defense. Of course, he can fight against aerodynamic targets, but basically his heavier and more expensive missiles are designed to protect the accumulation of troops and headquarters in the frontline from strikes by TR and OTR.
    3. cheguevarazhiv
      cheguevarazhiv 22 January 2016 14: 01
      +1
      And I would add the interception of warhead ICBMs on the final trajectories. And the possibility of integration into the c400 system, with 300 with the creation of an integrated air defense zone for strategic cover
  2. Alexez
    Alexez 16 December 2015 09: 00
    +3
    In the picture, the Sosna air defense missile system based on the MTLB is a good machine, only inside the troop compartment it is really impossible to breathe while driving on the dirt road. I hope the operators have been taken care of (as I understand the system should work in motion), or they will have a hard time on the march.
  3. Bongo
    Bongo 16 December 2015 10: 12
    +9
    For 2016, it is planned to supply five regiment sets of this system.

    Few, very little ... This amount will not be able to replace the extremely worn out S-300PS air defense systems built in the early-mid 80s, with an extended resource of the air defense missile system. It was not because of the good life that the military S-300V and Buk were introduced into the air defense missile system.
    According to reports, the maximum interception range, using the appropriate missile, reaches 400 km.
    Only 40Н6Е missiles with a range of launch at altitude targets of 400 km in the troops for a number of reasons have not yet request Currently deployed S-400 air defense systems use 48Н6 missiles with a semi-active seeker used in the S-300ПМ2, with a range of 250 km for high-altitude radio-contrast targets.
    Quote: Nevsky_ZU
    But what is the fate of the c-350 Vityaz system?

    C-350 trials should end in the 2015 year. In theory, this cheaper and simpler system with greater fire performance should become truly massive.
    1. Amurets
      Amurets 16 December 2015 11: 13
      +3
      Sergei! Hi! Consult on Pine. I can’t understand how they are going to use a television detection system at such ranges? Using smoke equipment, you can also create invisibility zones as well as noise interference to radars. Only an integrated detection system, in modern conditions, can ensure successful target detection.
      1. Bongo
        Bongo 16 December 2015 13: 27
        +6
        Quote: Amurets
        Sergey! Hi! Consult on Pine. I can’t understand how they are going to use a television detection system at such ranges? Using smoke equipment, you can also create invisibility zones as well as noise interference to radars

        Hi Nikolay! In general, there is nothing fundamentally new in the Sosna air defense system, which has been developed for 20 years. request Television systems (thermal imager + TV camera) have been successfully used for many years all over the world, for example, in British complexes. The advantage of such a system is its relative simplicity and low cost, as well as the absence of unmasking radar radiation. Although certain restrictions on meteorological factors certainly exist. "Pine" in its philosophy is close to the Starstreak SP air defense system.
        1. Amurets
          Amurets 16 December 2015 13: 40
          +2
          Quote: Bongo
          Although certain restrictions on meteorological factors certainly exist. "Sosna" in its philosophy is close to the Starstreak SP air defense system.

          Thank you. Now everything is clear.
    2. padded jacket
      padded jacket 16 December 2015 12: 17
      +9
      Quote: Bongo
      Tests S-350 should be completed in 2015

      It is very sad that the S-350 Vityaz air defense missile system was not included in this review. It seems to me personally that it will be more massive than the S-400 and it seems that it will be popular abroad.

      A very good article is purely about her with photos and specifications.
      Medium-range air defense system "Vityaz"
      http://saidpvo.livejournal.com/184108.html?thread=503340
    3. Alex777
      Alex777 18 December 2015 14: 39
      0
      C-350 and Buk M3 are interesting systems.
      But the first is more expensive and flies 1,5 slower. Though further.
      9M96D as an option for increasing the S-400 ammunition is a topic.
      And as S-350 - not sure. Beech M3 is better IMHO.
  4. cherkas.oe
    cherkas.oe 16 December 2015 11: 12
    0
    One more question for those versed; What is the situation with the adoption of the TOR air defense system?
    1. Alex777
      Alex777 18 December 2015 14: 47
      0
      I join the question. )))
      It is clear that Tor M1,2 in service for a long time)))
      Was the 9m338 missile finished at last?
  5. tchoni
    tchoni 16 December 2015 11: 12
    -3
    It’s a little incomprehensible the placement of pine on the base of a motoliga .. In theory, the complex should be portable
    1. Simple
      Simple 16 December 2015 19: 20
      +3
      Quote: tchoni
      In theory, the complex should be portable

      ?
      The mass of the rocket in flight (in TPK), kg 28 (38)

      How is it "portable"?
      and OUES yet?
      (You evaporate to transfer)

      ----------------------------
      Portable ceiling 3 km
      1. tchoni
        tchoni 17 December 2015 09: 11
        0
        The mortar is somehow carried, although it weighs the same not 10 kilos. I say that the complex, which is rigidly attached to such an easily vulnerable chassis, loses part of its combat stability ... Maybe we should think about a more mobile option with the possibility of transporting a dozen infantrymen and the possibility of installing the same soldiers on various vehicles.
  6. Lt. Air Force stock
    Lt. Air Force stock 16 December 2015 11: 34
    +2
    I think a great option would be as follows. As a rule, they are used to cover the area of ​​the 2nd division of the S-400. It would be nice to add a third S-2 in addition to the 400-M S-2 divisions (with the exception of Moscow where there are more than 350).
    2-s S-400 is 16 * 4 = 64 missiles
    1-in division S-350 is 8 * 12 = 96 missiles.
    Total in the air defense 160 missiles.
    1. Alex777
      Alex777 18 December 2015 14: 45
      0
      On the one hand, the S-350 intercepts targets up to 1000 m / s. And even then with the 9M96D rocket.
      On the other hand, why is it separate if the 9M96D rocket is included in the S-400 kit?
  7. lotar
    lotar 16 December 2015 12: 04
    -1
    An interesting picture is obtained: since it’s practically impossible to simply increase the range of missiles in the current overall dimensions, it turns out that each subsequent upgrade leads to a decrease in the number of ammunition, in this case missiles. That is, it can be assumed that with the range of missiles of the C- complex 300 and C-350 in 300 km, we have 12 missiles per complex. With a range of missiles of the C-400 complex in 400 km we get 4 missiles per complex. It is easy to make an assumption that with a range of missiles in 600 km there will be fewer aket, in the 2-3 area. What we will see in the end, but any constructive change will bring about corresponding changes not only in layout, but also in many other things. Unless our engineers came up with something more energy-intensive as fuel, rather than what already exists and applies.
  8. 31rus
    31rus 16 December 2015 12: 08
    0
    Dear Amurets, there is such data on "Sosna", a cannon-rocket complex, it can only be a rocket, a combined guidance system (radio command, laser 36 channel) guidance with a CP or independently using an optoelectronic station with a wide-resolution camera, a rocket "pine-r" weight 28kg, warhead 5kg, fragmentation-rod, missile can experience overloads up to 40G, range 1-8km, for missiles, cannon armament similar to "Panzer" not much modernized, parameters are the same
  9. 31rus
    31rus 16 December 2015 12: 20
    -1
    I’m sorry, I forgot, it can hit lightly armored targets, the complex can fire on the move, the base chassis can be a wide range of equipment, depending on manning (rocket, cannon-rocket), from where the author took a range of 30 km I don’t know and raises many questions
    1. Amurets
      Amurets 16 December 2015 13: 13
      0
      I am not interested in the TTD, I am interested in how this complex, at ranges up to 30 kilometers, will detect and track targets in conditions of haze, fog, dust without radar. That is the point of the question. Or will receive receive target designation from an independent SRC.
      1. 31rus
        31rus 16 December 2015 13: 35
        +1
        Dear, once again about the range of 30 km, there is no information, in my opinion the author is mistaken, the declared range is 10 km, which corresponds to the performance characteristics of the "sosna-r" missile, guidance at the start of the radio command, in the final section laser 36-channel, guidance or independently from the complex, described above, either with a CP, or with a radar, once again, where did the author get the 30 km range for the near zone complex, corresponding to medium-range complexes? Question to the author, not to me
        1. Bongo
          Bongo 16 December 2015 13: 42
          +3
          Quote: 31rus
          Dear, once again about the range of 30 km, there is no information, in my opinion the author is mistaken, the declared range is 10 km, which corresponds to the performance characteristics of the "pine-r" missile

          You are absolutely right yes The maximum range of destruction of the Sosna air defense missile system even at the design stage was 10 km. The detection range of 30 km using a heat-television system seems to me absolutely unreal in most cases. Even on the Tunguska air defense missile system, sometimes there are problems with visual support when firing missiles.
          1. Simple
            Simple 16 December 2015 19: 32
            +1
            Quote: Bongo
            The detection range of 30 km using a heat-television system in most cases seems to me absolutely unrealistic.


            So the manufacturer broadcasts:




            and who else to believe, if not him? (THEM)


            Pay attention to MDV (and relative humidity of course)! In the know what is it?

            MDV 14 km and t = 10


            Frame irr (Fraser, MDV = 15 km, t ° C = 14).

            And of course the indicator for the aircraft in 30km, speaks of what? ABOUT THE HEIGHT OF THE GOAL.
            Also, in TTH, T okr. Wednesday ..
            but it is a secret.
        2. Amurets
          Amurets 16 December 2015 13: 52
          +1
          30km is not the firing range, but the range of taking the target for auto tracking, and these are different things. The firing range of 10 km and here I completely agree with you. For example on the S-75, the range of taking the target for auto tracking is 70 km, and the firing range, even taking into account the shooting 20DP missiles with a passive guidance section, total 56km.
        3. Alex777
          Alex777 18 December 2015 14: 51
          0
          It's about different things.
          The author is about the detection range, you are about the range of defeat.
    2. Simple
      Simple 16 December 2015 19: 26
      +2
      Quote: 31rus
      where the author took the range in 30km is not known to me and raises many questions


      Maximum rocket speed, m / s 900
      Maximum overload, g 40
      Combined guidance system
      Zones of destruction, km:
      range 1,3 - 10,0
      height 0,002 - 5,0

      The same cannot be taken for auto tracking at a range of 30 km


      T.ch. this

      Quote: Author
      The new detection systems are said to be capable of targeting an aircraft-like target at distances up to 30 km.


      maybe
      1. Vadim237
        Vadim237 16 December 2015 19: 55
        0
        If the missiles of this complex have a maximum missile speed of 900 meters per second, then the speed of intercepted targets should be 500 - this means that the complex is bullshit and only helicopters can intercept, but no matter how hypersonic missiles and UAVs that will appear soon.
        1. Simple
          Simple 16 December 2015 20: 01
          0
          Quote: Vadim237
          If the missiles of this complex have a maximum rocket speed of 900 meters per second, then the speed of intercepted targets should be 500

          - No connection whatsoever.
          The SM-3 has a speed of 3,8-4 km / s, and the satellite intercepts at a speed of 7,92km / s.
          GBI has a limit on the approach speed of approach to 10,2 km / s - more miss.
          500m / s what speed (oncoming, leaving, barrage)? and azimuthal?
          -500m / s is not "bullshit", because it is 1800km / h.
          Do you know a lot of aircraft that they can use weapons at this speed?
          I am not one ....

          Quote: Vadim237
          but no matter how hypersonic missiles and UAVs that will appear soon.

          The manufacturer did not say a word about the GPZ rockets.
          only about KR.
          and 40g a very good result
  10. 31rus
    31rus 16 December 2015 14: 18
    +2
    dear, the nuance is that the mini-computer built into the "sosna-r" rocket calculates and corrects the missile precisely at a range of 10 km, and the radar can detect it (target), maybe over long distances, the complex itself will repeat 10 km again, in autonomous mode
    1. Amurets
      Amurets 16 December 2015 14: 40
      +2
      Thank God. Finally, we came to a common denominator. I didn’t mention the missile. The conversation was not about the guidance system, but about the detection system. Now everything is clear.
    2. Simple
      Simple 16 December 2015 20: 04
      +1
      Quote: 31rus
      , and detect her (target) radar, can

      Dear 31rus ...
      The trouble is that the complex NO radar
      he only has


      will carry out guidance of missiles to 10 km, without revealing yourself with radio emission.

      and a data channel from an external ROC, radar, etc. = no.
      the only thing that you can transfer data from RTR (equipment for receiving and transmitting data to the battery and regimental command posts), that there and there (azimuth, elevation, speed, vector) there is a target, and there OEUS (there is a review of it SECTORAL)

      Quote: 31rus
      the complex itself again I repeat 10km, offline

      autonomous automatic sector search by scanning the space and detecting targets using a target acquisition and tracking machine (ASC) and auto tracking for an aircraft type target, with humidity rel. 80%, at the Ministry of Internal Affairs 15 km,(secret)The height of the target is?(secret) ranges from 16 to 30 km.
      10 km is the maximum range for hitting a missile target (the time of the accelerator and marshevik)
      1. 31rus
        31rus 16 December 2015 21: 45
        0
        Dear, there is a small nuance, provided that the "transparent air" system is installed on the complex, which should be, but it is not
        1. Simple
          Simple 16 December 2015 22: 36
          +1
          Quote: 31rus
          , there’s a little nuance on condition that the complex is set up transparent air systems

          ?
          belay
          What a night! Clear air constrained;
          A scent swirls above the ground.
          Oh, now I'm happy, I'm excited
          Oh, now I'm glad to speak out!
      2. sivuch
        sivuch 17 December 2015 23: 36
        0
        data transmission channel from an external ROC, radar, etc. = no.
        ------------------------------------------------
        Checked, no?
        Neither from the ancient Assembly, nor from Rangier, nor from the current Barnaul? To be honest, somehow I hardly believe in such cretinism of designers
  11. egsp
    egsp 16 December 2015 16: 37
    0
    "In 2016, it is planned to receive one brigade set of these systems."
    Buk-m3 army kit complex. That is, one Buk brigade in one combined arms army. We have 10 armies, so it is possible to re-equip today's brigades with Buk-m1 only after 9 years (taking into account the supply of 1 brigade per year and the presence of 1 brigade in Buk-m2, which will not be re-equipped).
    In general, the news is good, it’s high time to remember about SV air defense. Pine will replace boom-10, Shilka needs to be removed, in some motorized rifle units air defense armaments still have S-60 (guns on wheels). So the work is still endless.
  12. Serggii
    Serggii 16 December 2015 22: 24
    +2
    And where with 350 Vityaz and its place in the Russian air defense system. But the coolest variety, it may be time to systematize and unify all ship land objects. At the expense of 60, a good clapperboard for UAVs, with a good smart shell.
    1. Alex777
      Alex777 18 December 2015 15: 31
      +1
      With Buk M3, the place is not particularly visible ...
      IMHO to replace Buku made, but not really happened.
      And more expensive (they say significantly), and in terms of capabilities (except for range at a lower speed), it seems to be inferior ...
  13. Ruyk
    Ruyk 20 December 2015 20: 28
    0
    Quote: Alex777
    On the one hand, the S-350 intercepts targets up to 1000 m / s. And even then with the 9M96D rocket.
    On the other hand, why is it separate if the 9M96D rocket is included in the S-400 kit?


    9m96 in the S-400 in fact are not used, no one has seen launchers for the s-400 under them
  14. Ruyk
    Ruyk 20 December 2015 20: 33
    0
    it’s time for me to write off the books and replace them with C-350, including the caterpillar version for SV in addition to C-300, and in general C-350 does not look like a replacement for all C-300, C-300ПМУ2 and beats on 200km and missile flight speed is much higher, rather C-350 will complement it
    1. Bongo
      Bongo 21 December 2015 06: 26
      +1
      Quote: Ruyk
      it’s time for me to write off the books and replace them with C-350, including the caterpillar version for SV in addition to C-300, and in general C-350 does not look like a replacement for all C-300, C-300ПМУ2 and beats on 200km and missile flight speed is much higher, rather C-350 will complement it

      Depressing when some things are taken to judge by people who have little that they understand negative The Buk air defense missile system was designed for air defense units of the Ground Forces and is optimal in its characteristics for protecting motorized rifle and tank divisions from attacks by tactical aviation.
      C-350 is a low-cost replacement for S-300PS retired air defense systems. ZRS C-300PMU2 - it's pure export modification. The most modern air defense systems of the C-300P family are the C-1996PMs manufactured before 300, which were upgraded to the C-2010ПМ2013 level in 300-2.