The main oil for "export" in the IG is extracted from the Syrian city of Deir ez-Zor and Iraqi Mosul. There, because of the danger of air strikes, work is being carried out from dusk to sunrise, and any photography is strictly prohibited, according to experts of the Pan-Arab newspaper Al-Araby Al-Jadeed. According to their data, the extraction is carried out by Iraqi specialists who previously worked on the fields. Judging by the number of tank trucks crossing the Turkish city of Sirnak, bordering on Iraq, IG receives 30 thousand barrels of crude oil per day.
Al-Araby Al-Jadeed experts talked with representatives of the Iraqi and Kurdish intelligence services, border crossing points at the border between Turkey and Kurdistan, and a representative of an oil company that is involved in IG oil smuggling. And they made a detailed route of the main route for transporting black gold from the Islamic State. Their investigation is almost identical to the data of the Financial Times, Reuters, Die Presse and Global research.
“After the oil is loaded into fuel trucks, they are sent to the north, to Zakho (the city of Northern Kurdistan on the border with Turkey and only 88 km from igilovskogo Mosul),” said Colonel intelligence experts Al-Araby Al-Jadeed. - After arrival, but at once in Zoha come from 70 to 100 fuel trucks, auctions are held on the outskirts of the city. The buyers are the smuggler mafia from Syrian and Iraqi Kurds, Iranians and Turks. ”
According to the colonel, the winner immediately pays out 10 − 25% in cash as a deposit. After that, fuel trucks are transferred to drivers who have documents to cross the Turkish border and transport cargo. Coming from the "Islamic State" in return give empty trucks, in which they leave back.
Before oil is imported into Turkey, it is crudely processed in small Kurdish refineries. Thus, in the first place, it is no longer considered crude oil and its export to Turkey does not violate the ban on the export of oil from Iraqi territory without government approval. Secondly, black gold from the IG is legalized, receiving documents that it is a product from Kurdistan. According to the Iraqi colonel, who is referred to by Al-Araby Al-Jadeed, bribes are still paid at the Turkish border in order to avoid even the slightest confusion.
In Turkey, fuel trucks go to the city of Silopi, to the broker. He is called differently - Doctor Farid, Uncle Farid or Haji Farid. The 50-year-old merchant, according to Al-Araby Al-Jadeed, has Israeli and Greek citizenship. He is constantly accompanied by two bodyguards on a black Jeep Cherokee SUV.
Is Israel playing blind?
Excluding driver services, brokers and bribes, the Islamic State earns 15 − 18 dollars per barrel. Uncle Farid is not the only one who smuggles in oil, but is considered the most effective broker. It has licenses for export-import operations and sells raw materials to three oil companies. In Turkey, oil from the IG is already sold as Kurdish and in its characteristics does not differ from it. It, according to Al-Araby Al-Jadeed, is exported to Israel. Transportation is carried out through the ports of Ceyhan, Mursil and Dortel.
Marine engineers Georg Kiokstsolou and Alek Kutrubis from the University of Greenwich traced oil trade routes from the Turkish port of Ceyhan and discovered the relationship between the dates of the military success of the IG and the shipments of the largest shipments of oil.
In August, the publication of the Financial Times reported that Israel receives 75% of oil from Northern Kurdistan. The third is through the port of Ceyhan, which the American investigators had already called possible gate of oil smuggling from the “Islamic state”.
Greenwich University specialists told Al-Araby Al-Jadeed that the export of IG oil through Israel is the result of corruption among brokers, not state officials and companies that get absolutely legal oil on invoices.
A representative of a large European oil company said that black gold is being shipped to Mediterranean countries. Before that, another one is undergoing, but there is no rough processing in Israel, since the country does not have modern capacities.
“Without Israel, oil from ISIS would not have spread further than Iraq, Syria and Turkey. This country is trusted, ”said the interlocutor of Al-Araby Al-Jadeed. His experts contacted via Skype with people close to the IG, but they said that they do not care where and how their oil goes. They sell it to brokers and brokers. At this, their participation in the "export" of oil ends.
How to get money in ISIS
The rest of the money for oil, except for the collateral in Zakho, IG receives in many ways. For example, through Turkish private banks, which open accounts for anonymous Iraqi citizens through brokers such as Uncle Farid. Then the money is transferred to Rakka or Mosul - they are laundered in countless currency exchange companies.
Another option, according to Al-Araby Al-Jadeed, is cars. With ISIS money, they are bought and exported to Iraq - Baghdad and other territories not controlled by the "Islamic State". They sell there, and cash is exported to ISIS.
Turkish military base in Iraq: kilometers from the highway, which carry oil
The fact that the main channel of "export" of ISIS oil goes through Turkey is hardly known in Ankara or Washington. However, the former deny everything, and the latter prefer, at least not to talk out loud about it. For example, American companies refused to import Kurdish oil last year. Among the reasons mentioned are the government of Iraq’s not approving the self-export of Northern Kurdistan. Investigative journalists suggest that there were actually more reasons. But the United States does not intend to quarrel with its ally in the current Middle East scenario. As, however, and to give new trump cards of Russia. As a result, all the talk that a blow to the smuggling of oil by ISIL would undermine the well-being of terrorists remains the same. And the world is not a step closer to getting rid of the terrorist contagion, the role of Turkey in the spread of which is still not clear.
Another scandal erupted in the Middle East last week. Ankara threw a real military contingent to the Turkish military base in northern Iraq. Baghdad rightly considered that the battalion and several dozen tanks there is nothing to do in a foreign country in Iraq without government permission. And statements about Turkey’s preparation of Kurds for war with the Islamic State are just a cover for some far-reaching plans. It is no secret that Turkey entered Iraq in 2008 in order to suppress the Kurdish militants of the Kurdish Workers Party (not to be confused with Northern Kurdistan). Since then, she stayed there. Turkey's military base is 20 km from Mosul. This city is controlled by the Islamic State, but it is called the capital of the Turkoman, whom Ankara fiercely defends in northern Syria. Therefore, Turkey’s plans, taking into account its imperial abmirations, can be very different. But in our case, something else is curious. In kilometers from the military base runs the route to Northern Kurdistan. It is along it that caravans of fuel trucks with oil from ISIS go.