Military Review

German Occupation Museum

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We are used to the fact that when the phrase “museum of occupation” is mentioned, we are talking about one of the countries of the former CMEA or the USSR, and the “occupation” can only be Soviet. However, there are other museums of occupation. In particular, there are such establishments in the land of the Channel Islands (Channel Islands) - the only territory ruled by Her Majesty, not counting the numerous British colonies where the conqueror's boot set foot in World War II. These are the islands of Jersey and Guernsey, which are located off the coast of France.




According to the peculiar division of the British state, these pieces of land, though under the sovereignty of London, are not the territory of Great Britain itself, nor of any of its colonies. Together with the Isle of Man, they constitute the so-called “crown lands”. The islands, despite the small (less than two hundred square kilometers) area, already had a population of more than one hundred thousand people.



German Occupation Museum


As you know, Nazi Germany never made it to the main British Isles. Her cruisers and battleships were later sunk in the battle for the Atlantic, and the only aircraft carrier went to the Soviet Union as a trophy. But in 1940, the outcome of the war was far from obvious. The occupation of Jersey and Guernsey was considered a prelude to forcing the English Channel, which seemed to take place literally next week.

The German occupation regime here did not at all resemble the one that acted on the territory of the USSR. Since the British were considered a kindred Germans people, and the attitude towards them was appropriate. Both the local administration and the population actively cooperated with the occupiers. But what is interesting: after the return of the islands, no one was convicted of collaborationism. All this contrasts sharply with other European countries, from Holland to Norway, where the traitors were tried and executed.





The museum has another task - it strongly emphasizes how hard it was for the British under the rule of Berlin. Without special clarification, however, what exactly it was expressed. Apparently, we are talking about some "moral suffering" and the lack of fresh British newspapers.





The islands were under German control from 30 June 1940 to 9 in May 1945. During this time, German troops managed to build a complex of buildings there. For example, concentration camps on the island of Alderney, where Soviet citizens were kept (both prisoners of war and civilians) or an underground hospital in Jersey. Also on the islands are still visible defenses of the famous Atlantic Wall. There are a lot of them.







Since there was no armed resistance on the islands, the British are now talking about “passive resistance”: bad work for the occupiers, singing hymns, and so on. Some tried to attack the invaders with bare hands - on the islands, soldiers and officers of the Wehrmacht rarely carried with them weapon.

Actually, there are several museums of occupation on the islands, if we take separate expositions. And there are no memorable plates. Some of them mention about Soviet citizens that they were here not against their will.



For the sake of fairness, one must say that almost three dozen of the islanders still went to German concentration camps even for non-violent methods of resistance: anti-German speeches, fights with soldiers, weapons possession, etc. None of them survived until liberation.

After the landing of the Allies in the Normandy island, they were at once blocked, they did not release. "Let him rot," Churchill said of the German garrison. "Rotted" he was there until May 1945.





In general, история this occupation is little known even in Britain itself. This is understandable: the massive cooperation of the administration and local residents with the conquerors did not fit in with the myth of the irreconcilable nature of the battle for Britain. Borrow Hitler the territory of the British Isles themselves, it is not known how the population would lead there.

In 2004-2005, a series was shown about the events of those years, which sinned with a mass of inaccuracies, mainly because it was filmed on the Isle of Man, which has nothing to do with the events described above.
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  1. Mera joota
    Mera joota 16 December 2015 07: 03 New
    -2
    the massive cooperation of the administration and local residents with the conquerors did not fit very well with the myth of the irreconcilable nature of the battle for Britain. If Hitler occupied the territory of the British Isles themselves, it is not known how the population would behave there.

    The state (in this case, Great Britain) did not fulfill its main function of PROTECTING ITS CITIZENS and therefore has no moral right to prosecute those who remained in the occupied territories.
    1. Cap.Morgan
      Cap.Morgan 16 December 2015 11: 24 New
      +9
      That is, if we draw an analogy with the USSR, it was necessary to forgive Bandera and Vlasov, policemen and punishers, deserters and cowards who threw their units into battle? So what do you think?
      So you can go far.
  2. parusnik
    parusnik 16 December 2015 07: 48 New
    +8
    We are used to the fact that when mentioning the phrase “museum of occupation” we are talking about just one of the countries of the former CMEA or the USSR, and “occupation” can only be Soviet.... No, I’m not used to it and I don’t get used to it .. I am outraged by these "museums" ...
    1. Mera joota
      Mera joota 16 December 2015 08: 18 New
      -6
      Quote: parusnik
      No, I’m not used to it and I don’t get used to it .. I am outraged by these "museums" ...

      Well, then in Germany there was our "Group of Soviet Occupation Troops in Germany" or GSOVG, the occupying forces stood in Hungary, Austria, this was the official name.
  3. bocsman
    bocsman 16 December 2015 08: 14 New
    15
    Yes, they would go to the "Riga Museum of Occupation!" (you know whose one) where Latvians are pulling all visiting high-ranking guests! Not in Salaspils, not in the ghetto, not Bikernieki forest, not in Rumbula where there are mass graves of people killed by punishers, but in a museum of That That Wasn't! But in March, a heresy of former SS! Is it possible to deal with such a country ?!
  4. Neo1982
    Neo1982 16 December 2015 09: 00 New
    +8
    Quote: Mera Joota
    Well, then in Germany there was our "Group of Soviet Occupation Troops in Germany" or GSOVG, the occupying forces stood in Hungary, Austria, this was the official name.


    occupation troops were in Germany until 54 years old, after 54 years it was just troops, and they were there under an agreement with the GDR, which was still statehood, and not as it is now Germany - a private shop of Americans without a constitution and citizens. ..
  5. bionik
    bionik 16 December 2015 10: 07 New
    +4
    Article and author +.
  6. igorra
    igorra 16 December 2015 10: 32 New
    +5
    Some tried to attack invaders with bare hands
    Yeah, with their bare hands, bare breasts, the English ladies "fought" in bed with the Fritz, and their gentlemen kept candles.
  7. Ivan Tartugai
    Ivan Tartugai 16 December 2015 10: 57 New
    +3
    “But what’s interesting: after the return of the islands, no one was convicted of collaboration. All this sharply contrasts with other European countries, from Holland to Norway, where courts and demonstrative executions were committed over traitors. ”
    In all the occupied countries of Europe, from Holland to Norway, the fight against collaborationism was reduced to the fight against women who were seen in intimate relations with German military personnel. They were caught publicly shorn, beaten and again raped, ostracized.
    Of the men affected, those collaborators who had family ties with the Germans.
    The most important collaborators, namely generals, deputies, administration officials, were not injured. They skillfully directed all the anger of the crowd at women, including strollers, prostitutes, as well as residents of a country of German nationality and half-breeds.
    1. Moore
      Moore 16 December 2015 11: 44 New
      0
      Not certainly in that way. The two laws adopted by the advisory assembly on August 24 and September 26, 1944 established the responsibility of those who "by assisting Germany and its allies, threatened national unity, rights and equality of all French citizens." According to these laws, at the end of the war, 3920 people were executed (about 9000 were lynched without trial), 1500 were sent to hard labor and 8500 were sentenced to various terms of imprisonment (1949 in total until 39000), 20000 French women were publicly disgraced for the so-called . "horizontal collaboration", about 1000 people de Gaulle had mercy. Trials of collaborators ceased in 1949, as de Gaulle decided that it was enough to divide the French into heroes and traitors. https://reibert.info/threads/francuzskij-kollaboracionizm-okonchatelnoe-reshenie
      .169791 /
      1. Ivan Tartugai
        Ivan Tartugai 16 December 2015 14: 02 New
        +2
        In Norway, after the war ended, the most active collaborators were held accountable - in total, 28 people were arrested in a fit of victorious euphoria, namely the most active.
        And the result: of these most active, only 37 were shot, and 25 of them were Norwegians and 12 Germans were citizens of Norway. One hundred, another was imprisoned, and the rest were allowed to go home.
        And Norway worked well with the Wehrmacht and the Norwegian police were not dissolved, worked for the Wehrmacht, and the civil administration cooperated, and carried out orders for the production of military products, and sent Norwegian volunteers to the Soviet-German front.
        Of course, women for the so-called "horizontal collaboration", the Norwegian authorities in a fit of sincere "patriotism" drove all over Norway.
    2. The comment was deleted.
  8. Ivan Tartugai
    Ivan Tartugai 16 December 2015 11: 10 New
    +4
    “The German occupation regime here did not at all resemble the one that operated on the territory of the USSR. Since the British were considered to be kindred to the Germans, the attitude towards them was appropriate. ”
    In all of Western Europe, the occupation regime here did not at all resemble, even remotely did not resemble the one that operated on the territory of the USSR. Regardless, people related to the Germans lived in this territory or not related.
    Of course, the fascist elite of Germany certainly had a special relationship with England; England greatly helped their coming to power. England surrendered the Reich to Poland, Czechoslovakia.
  9. nivander
    nivander 16 December 2015 11: 17 New
    +2
    and there was also the famous battery of 305-mm Russian guns, which the British and Americans were very afraid of. In combination with a garrison (319 pd + a bunch of coastal, construction, combat engineer, anti-aircraft units), powerful fortifications and multi-layer mining, Churchill's words look like a sigh of relief. By the way, a blocked garrison landed 20 times on the coast of France, mainly with the aim of capturing gasoline (always successful)
  10. Cap.Morgan
    Cap.Morgan 16 December 2015 11: 19 New
    -1
    The British Legion of the SS was even created.
    Agreed there to serve as many as 30 people. This is the question of English colaborationism.
    Here's a dummy of Churchill’s speech in the House of Commons after Dunkirk.

    "... The British Empire and the French Republic, united by a common cause and task, will defend their homeland to death, helping each other as good comrades to the limit of their forces.

    Even if the vast expanses of Europe, many ancient and illustrious States have fallen or may fall into the clutches of the Gestapo and other vile machines of the Nazi administration, we will not give up and will not lose.
    We will go to the end
    we will fight in France
    we will fight on the seas and oceans,
    we will fight with growing confidence and growing power in the air,
    we will defend our Island, whatever the price,
    we will fight on the beaches
    we will fight on the coasts
    we will fight in the fields and on the streets
    we will fight in the hills;
    we will never give up
    and even if it happens, in which I do not believe for a moment that this Island or most of it will be enslaved and will starve to death, then our Empire overseas, armed and under the protection of the British Navy, will continue the battle until until, in the time blessed by God, the New World, with all its strength and power, goes to the salvation and liberation of the old. "
    ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...

    Do you seriously think that there was British collaborationism?
    Yes, Hitler was ready to make peace with the British at any moment. But Churchill did not go for it.
    1. Pushkar
      Pushkar 16 December 2015 18: 16 New
      +1
      Well, yes, and "Lord How-How"? What about Edward VIII?
  11. Alexey RA
    Alexey RA 16 December 2015 13: 41 New
    +6
    By the way, the Nina battery (later renamed the Mirus battery) - the most powerful of the Channel Islands coastal defense batteries built by the Germans on Guernsey - was armed with 12 "/ 52 guns manufactured by the Obukhov plant.
    The history of these guns is quite interesting: initially they stood on the Alexander III LK (aka Volya, aka General Alekseev). This battleship went with Whites to Bizerte, where he was eventually scrapped. The guns went to the French, who sold them to the Finns during the SPS. But out of 12 guns only 8 reached Finland - one of the three ships (“Nina”) was captured by the Germans in Norway. Cunning Germans didn’t return the guns, but handed them over to Krupp, who made them turret guns for coastal defense. These towers were installed on Guernsey.



    And out of 8 Finnish guns, 3 made a “full circle”: the Finns used them to repair the damaged TM-3-12 waiting tanks captured at Hanko, which were returned to the USSR after the war. After 25 years, the guns returned to their homeland.
    1. voyaka uh
      voyaka uh 16 December 2015 16: 21 New
      +1
      +, An interesting cycle in history ...!
      1. Alexey RA
        Alexey RA 16 December 2015 17: 05 New
        +2
        Quote: voyaka uh
        +, An interesting cycle in history ...!

        Duc ... the fate of the guns is generally an interesting thing.
        For example, the USSR had the longest in the world battleship Frunze: 2 of its middle towers were at the Pacific Fleet, in Vladivostok, and 2 terminal towers were at the Black Sea Fleet, in Sevastopol. laughing
  12. Mikado
    Mikado 16 December 2015 14: 33 New
    +2
    Igor, thanks for the article. Never heard of it! Especially about "such an occupation." hi
  13. tokens2
    tokens2 16 December 2015 14: 44 New
    +4
    Interesting article.
    However, after what happened in our homeland. During the war ...
    I just want to take and smash these islands to a hairdryer.
    Sorry no access to the red button laughing
    Feast in Time of Plague.
    The author is huge +. However, it would be better if I did not read this article.
    1. voyaka uh
      voyaka uh 16 December 2015 16: 25 New
      +1
      Will this photo reassure you?
      Prime Minister Churchill goes with Londoners
      through the streets of London after the German bombardment.
      1. tokens2
        tokens2 16 December 2015 16: 47 New
        +3
        voyaka uh
        Will this photo reassure you?

        How can she-this photo can reassure?
        So what is the photo from the English Kura training ground? laughing
        Well, they have such morals among Europeans. Everything in the house.
        And even tests.
        Great Britain-Third Reich cooperation. Vividly.
        through the streets of London after the German bombardment.

        And how is it that the Tower didn’t blow off the streets of London? The backward German engineers understand.
        1. Doctorleg
          Doctorleg 16 December 2015 19: 51 New
          +1
          And from the streets of Moscow, the Kremlin. Really backward
    2. Alexey RA
      Alexey RA 16 December 2015 16: 50 New
      +1
      Quote: Lexi2
      However, after what happened in our homeland. During the war ...
      I just want to take and smash these islands to a hairdryer.

      Not so simple... (tm)
      And we had Lokotsky self-government.

      By the way, they also have complaints to us: while some fought the Reich and fought for England, others traded with this Reich. Moreover, they supplied what the Reich could not get anywhere and what he needed as air — food.
      Let me remind you that due to maintaining the army in a mobilized state, the Reich in 1941 was actually starving.
      Difficulties in meat supply. The number of pigs decreased from 27 to 20 million heads. Cattle should not be touched. Therefore, you need to reduce consumption. It is necessary to reduce the consumption of meat in the ground forces before the offensive. In the armed forces, the norm is reduced from 1500 to 1350 grams, and for the civilian population, from 500 to 400 grams [per week].

      Halder. A diary. May 12, 1941.

      But there was no free food in Europe - moreover, the Reich supplied grain to its allies. By the way, it was precisely because of the food issue that Spain remained neutral - the Reich could not offer any replacement for American supplies.
      And the same food issue was one of the main ones in the Grune Mappe ("Green Folder") - a package of documents of the German command and economic management bodies on the economic use of the occupied Soviet territories:
      from the USSR in any situation and any mood of the local population is supposed to get 2.5 million tons of grain that the USSR promised Germany from the 1941 harvest and which are already included in the Reich's food balance (without them in any way), 3 million tons of grain for army nutrition (if you drag it from the Reich, the capacity of the railways is not enough) and about 2 million tons for the obligations undertaken by Germany to Romania, Hungary and others. Total approximately 8 million tons of grain. Herr Thomas did not build rainbow illusions and clearly stated that this plan could be realized only if the existing agricultural system was preserved, including mainly in the form of collective farms (if you start extensive experimentation with the forms of ownership, you can drive past the 1941 harvest with songs) and severe non-economic coercion regarding the seizure of grain. It also says that when implementing this plan, millions of indigenous people are expected to starve to death, but the Reich should not bother, since the occupied territories are required as a source of raw materials, not a highly developed industrial area, and the peak of mortality will be in industrial areas, which and so are not able to provide themselves with agricultural products.
      (c) drag and drop LitlBro
      1. Pushkar
        Pushkar 16 December 2015 18: 28 New
        +1
        And what does Lokotsky self-government, completely controlled by the Germans, have to do with it? Did the Russians bring songs to the "glorious liberators" with songs? Then where did the 14 million civilians killed from the USSR come from? Say, don’t talk, there’s more that you refute yourself with the last phrase. And then "Not everything is so simple" ...
        1. Alexey RA
          Alexey RA 16 December 2015 19: 16 New
          +2
          Quote: Pushkar
          And what does Lokotsky self-government, completely controlled by the Germans, have to do with it?

          Despite the fact that the Channel Islands were in many ways the same propaganda trick as Lokotsky self-government. A sort of showcase, sheep's skin for a German wolf.
          Politruk Churchill is lying! See how well it is to live under occupation. No need to resist - give up!
          If there were a larger population there, the Germans would have created a local AON. And exactly english - not british. smile
          1. tokens2
            tokens2 16 December 2015 19: 38 New
            +2
            Despite the fact that the Channel Islands were in many ways the same propaganda trick as Lokotsky self-government.

            If that were true.
            That hundred “air fortresses” would equalize this “fairy tale” outside the Anglo-Saxon world. laughing
            To the dust.
            Who needs the “Crimean version” at hand?
            Oh yes ... back then, nobody knew about Crimea and Putinlaughing
      2. tokens2
        tokens2 16 December 2015 19: 05 New
        0
        Not everything is so simple. (tm)
        And we had Lokotsky self-government.

        then this plan can be implemented only if the existing agricultural system is maintained, including mainly in the form of collective farms

        Tell me, what did the inhabitants of these islands do “useful”? But they did receive a “ration”.
        Of course, all these local governments were only from the point of view of propaganda. Moreover, “ordinary people” would be more willing to work for “Europe”.
        In fact, Hitler introduced slavery !!! You could buy yourself any slave from the east, for household needs.
        And this is unlikely to be forgotten after decades. In fact, the West has changed roles with the East. In the history of Russia.
        And the answer will be the same. As with all sorts of khanates (European states).
        Well, yes. You can add that Switzerland "fed" the third Reich.
        In fact, all of Europe fell on Hitler.
  14. The comment was deleted.
  15. Sergelis
    Sergelis 17 December 2015 16: 22 New
    +1
    I am Russian.
    My ancestors fought and died for their ideas.
    The Anglo-Saxons do not understand this. Never.
    When the battle begins, then ....
    Hatred dead spoils faces
    Hate begs from the shores
    Hate wants and suffers to drink the dead blood of enemies
    V. Vysotsky
  16. Igor K-grad
    Igor K-grad 20 December 2015 23: 05 New
    0
    There are many secrets about the cooperation of England with the Nazis, which official London is trying to hide. That is why the British banged Rudolf Hess immediately after the Gorbachev leadership removed the Soviet soldiers from its joint guard. I do not guarantee the reliability of this assumption, but I somehow had the opportunity to hear such a statement from one very serious person.