Military Review

Armored recovery vehicle BREM-D

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Since the beginning of the seventies, the Soviet defense industry has been actively engaged in the subject of armored repair and recovery vehicles for various branches of the armed forces. As a result of this, several samples of similar equipment appeared on the basis of existing tanks and infantry fighting vehicles. In addition, in 1984, the development of a similar machine for the airborne troops began. In accordance with the strategies existing at that time, the Airborne Forces were to be one of the first to go into battle with the enemy and, as a result, were to suffer losses in equipment. Thus, to ensure the repair of damaged cars, paratroopers needed their own ARV with the possibility of parachute landing.


The development of the Armored repair and recovery vehicle, amphibious assault vehicle (BREM-D) was launched in 1984 year. The creation of this machine was entrusted to the design office of the Volgograd Tractor Plant. The BTR-D amphibious armored personnel carrier, which was required to install a set of special equipment, should be taken as the basis for the new technology. Like other BREM vehicles for airborne troops had to carry out the evacuation of damaged equipment to the places of collection and repair, as well as participate in its further restoration. In accordance with these requirements, the composition of special means was determined. It is noteworthy that a set of equipment was offered that resembles that used on other BREM.

For maximum unification with existing equipment and simplify operation, as well as to enable parachute landing, promising BREM-D decided to build on the basis of an armored personnel carrier BTR-D, produced in large quantities in the interests of the Airborne Forces. During the development of a new project, the design of an armored personnel carrier was noticeably reworked due to the updated purpose of the vehicle. At the same time, the placement of the main units remained the same, while other volumes were occupied by new equipment.


General view of the BREM-D with a raised crane. Photo Russian-power. Rf


BREM-D, with certain changes, retained the overall layout of the base machine. In front of the hull there was a department of management with crew jobs, behind which they provided a compartment for special equipment. Feed, as before, was given under the engine compartment. The changes were in some modifications associated with the installation of new equipment. In addition, part of the special equipment was proposed to be mounted on the roof of the case.

The body of the evacuation vehicle was to consist of a set of rolled sheets of aluminum armor and provide protection against small arms. weapons. According to the project, BREM-D was supposed to carry weapons for self-defense. The base BTR-D was equipped with two course machine guns in special installations of the front sheet. In the draft BREM-D, it was decided to leave only the left installation with one machine gun. In the stern of the hull, behind the engine room, placed the installation with four smoke grenade launchers.

The crew BREM-D consists of three people. The driver, who is also a crane operator and scaffold, is located in the center of the front of the case. To his left is a specialist in electrical equipment, and for the driver provides for the place of the commander, who is assigned the duties of fitter and welder. All crew members have their own hatches with periscopic devices for monitoring the environment. The commander's hatch is equipped with a searchlight for working in the dark. If necessary, the crew of the car can be reinforced by an additional repairman. His place is to the right of the driver.

The power plant of the repair and recovery vehicle is located in the stern and is designed as a unit of relatively small height. The basis of the power plant is a diesel engine 5Д20 power 240 hp Engine-coupled manual transmission, transmitting torque to the stern drive wheels. Tracked undercarriage was borrowed from the base armored vehicle unchanged. She retained six track rollers with individual hydropneumatic suspension on each side. It is possible to change the clearance by adjusting the pressure in the suspension cylinders.


The sample in the museum Kubinka. Photo Ruskompas.ru


In accordance with the technical assignment, BREM-D had to carry out the evacuation and towing of damaged light armored vehicles to the assembly sites, for which she received a set of special equipment. A lower coulter-dozer with a width of 1550 mm is placed on the lower front plate to carry out excavation work and to ensure a stable position of the machine when using a traction winch. The winch itself is located in the engine room.

The hydraulically driven mechanical winch is equipped with a 105 cable with a length of m and is intended for pulling stuck vehicles. Without any accessories, the winch develops traction up to 4 tf. It is possible to install a triple polyspast, with which the thrust is increased to 12 ton. The winch cable is issued forward through a special pipe in the frontal part of the hull, which ensures the solution of the assigned tasks, but does not require the construction of a complex system of blocks that carry the cable through the roof of the hull.

In the middle part of the hull at the left side, behind the crew seats, provides for the supporting device of a crane. The crane is equipped with a frame frame boom and allows lifting loads weighing up to 1,1 t. The maximum lifting height of the load is 3,8 m, the maximum boom reach is 2 m. The crane can move objects within a sector of width 150 °. In the transport position, the boom is placed along the body by turning back. The characteristics of the crane are calculated taking into account the use of various types of amphibious assault forces during the maintenance and repair of combat vehicles.

BREM-D has the ability to tow damaged light equipment, which is equipped with a reinforced towing device on the stern sheet. It is proposed to install a double semi-rigid device with internal shock absorption. In addition, it is possible to tow using standard cables with koushs.


Museum car from a different angle. Photo of Wikimedia Commons


Inside the case, behind the crew seats and special equipment, there are racks with tools, spare parts, etc. So, on the starboard side there are seven boxes for spare parts and fastenings for four canisters with fuel and lubricants. There are also racks for several outboxes with tools. On the left side there are two more boxes for welding and other equipment. The BREM-D capabilities allow you to transport tools and spare parts with a total weight of up to 1320 kg. At the same time, unlike other domestic BREM, the landing vehicle does not have a cargo platform on the roof.

A characteristic feature of the assault armor is the use of aluminum armor, which affected the composition of the equipment BREM-D. To perform various cutting and welding operations, this machine received welding equipment that allows it to work with both steel and aluminum alloys. The power supply of welding equipment is carried out with the help of a regular electric generator of the machine type VG-7500.

Being a deep modernization of the armored personnel carrier BTR-D, the repair and recovery vehicle has similar characteristics. Its length (with a light-reflecting shield) is 5,89 m, width –2,63 m. The height, taking into account the folded crane, does not exceed 1,82 m. mm

240-strong diesel engine provides BREM-D high power density - about 30 HP per ton of weight. This allows you to keep driving performance at the level of the base armored personnel carrier. The maximum speed of the repair vehicle on the highway reaches 60 km / h, on an unpaved road acceleration to 35-40 km / h is possible. If necessary, it is possible to drive in reverse at a speed of the order of 5-7 km / h. In the aft part of the machine, two water cannons are provided, with the help of which it is able to move through water at a speed of up to 8-9 km / h. When driving on a highway, the power reserve reaches 500 km. When towing a damaged vehicle, the speed and power reserve characteristics are reduced and depend on a number of factors.


BREM-D with a raised crane. In the foreground part of the additional equipment. Photo Russian-power. Rf


An important feature of the BREM-D is the ability to parachute landing using existing parachute systems. For this, the machine must be equipped with a set of special equipment and loaded onto military transport aircraft. Due to its relatively small size, the assault evacuation vehicles can be transported by An-12, An-22 and Il-76 aircraft. Thus, together with military equipment, repair vehicles can be delivered to the landing site.

The development of the BREM-D project was completed in the mid-eighties. Soon, on the basis of the existing armored personnel carrier a prototype was made, which was tested. Various checks and tests continued until the end of the eighties. The decision to adopt a new airborne vehicle for the airborne troops was taken in 1989 year. Soon began mass production of this technology.

One of the advantages of using the existing chassis was the possibility of building a BREM on the basis of the available armored personnel carriers. According to some sources, the assembly of repair and recovery vehicles was carried out in this way. Armored vehicles that needed to be repaired, underwent rehabilitation and received new equipment, were delivered to the armored repair plant in Kaunas. Volgograd Tractor Plant, as far as is known, did not participate in the production of a new type of equipment.

Exact information about the volume of issue of "Armored repair and recovery vehicles, amphibious" is not available. Some sources claim that Kaunas experts assembled a total of eight of these machines. Apparently, the first prototype used in the tests is also included in this number. It can be assumed that such a small number of cars produced was associated with the organizational structure of the Airborne Forces. In the late eighties, the Airborne Forces had seven airborne divisions and three separate regiments. Thus, after the construction of the first prototype, one BREM-D could be ordered for the repair battalions of all divisions.

Armored recovery vehicle BREM-D
BREM-D, operated by the armed forces of Ukraine. Photo Lostarmour.info


A small amount of serial equipment did not allow the repair units of the Airborne Forces to deploy full-scale operation of the BREM-D. In addition, the collapse of the Soviet Union hit the number of available technology. In the airborne troops of independent Russia, according to some sources, no more than five repair vehicles remained. At least one of the BREM-D went to the armed forces of Ukraine. There is evidence of the operation of this machine during the civil war as an aid to the repair and loading of various goods.

Currently, one of the copies of the BREM-D (probably an experimental copy) is stored in the Central Museum of Armored Weapons and Equipment in Kubinka. The rest of the equipment available to the Airborne Forces of Russia, apparently, is still in operation and is located at various bases. The exact fate of cars inherited by foreign countries is unknown.

The project of the landing BREM-D is of particular interest. The airborne troops really need such a technique, allowing the evacuation and repair of damaged military vehicles. However, due to certain reasons, repair and recovery vehicles were not built in a large series and were not widely used. Rumors are currently circulating about a possible continuation of work in this direction. According to them, in the foreseeable future, domestic designers must create a promising BREM for the Airborne Forces based on the newest BTR-MD "Shell" armored personnel carrier or BMD-4 airborne combat vehicle. Whether these rumors correspond to reality is unknown. It is quite possible that as part of the renewal of the assault vehicle fleet, it will indeed be decided to build new repair and recovery vehicles.


On the materials of the sites:
http://armoredgun.org/
http://army-guide.com/
http://russianarms.su/
http://desantura.ru/
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  1. igordok
    igordok 16 December 2015 08: 25
    0
    Somehow I never caught my eye. In Pskov, trucks with a winch located at the rear were used to evacuate BMD. Maybe so as not to spoil the asphalt. They will lift the front part of the BMD, and sometimes even the tracks will be removed, and at a decent speed in part, for repair.
    1. Malkor
      Malkor 16 December 2015 15: 32
      +1
      trucks with a winch located at the back - this is KETL
  2. Kapralwdw
    Kapralwdw 16 December 2015 08: 36
    +1
    our repair functions were performed by the BRM on the basis of Zil and dragged and evacuated by simple BTRD. ATTENTION SUCH CARS ARE VERY NEEDED FOR REPAIR DIVISIONS!
  3. zoriprit
    zoriprit 16 December 2015 17: 43
    0
    alas, the traction capabilities of the BTRD-BREM-d are minimal ... the weight of the traction machine is too small .. there are generally problems on asphalt, especially in winter. groups from the landfill (Dubrovichi) with a coupler of 2 cars. No matter what you say, the clutch steel (caterpillar) -asphalt is very small compared to rubber (wheel) -asphalt.