Military Review

Troops will get drone drone

47
Troops will get drone drone



Russia restores the missing link in the system of aerospace forces

In 2016, the Russian army will begin to receive new drones (UAVs) capable of overcoming extremely long distances. In particular, the devices will go to unmanned units aviation Eastern Military District. Earlier, the media reported that in 2016 promising UAVs capable of covering up to a thousand kilometers will be adopted.

As experts assume, it is a question of heavy shock complexes in weight from approximately 1 to 20 tons. Heavy vehicles can carry several bombs and even air-to-ground missiles on board. At the moment, the Russian army does not have percussion and advanced devices capable of performing long-range reconnaissance.


The Russian defense industry began work on creating such drones in the middle of the 2000s, but under Anatoly Serdyukov, the case was limited to demonstrating prototypes or trying to buy UAVs from Israel. Fully fill the missing link in the system of the Air and Space Forces of the Russian Federation is planned to 2020 year.

"Hunter", "Pacer" and "Altius-M"


In January, 2015, Deputy Defense Minister Yuri Borisov announced that a heavy UAV was created in Russia, capable of conducting reconnaissance and destroying targets. The tactical and technical characteristics of the device are kept secret. According to media reports, the Sukhoi Design Bureau (Moscow), Sokol Design Bureau (Kazan) and Tranzas Aviation CJSC (St. Petersburg) are working on the heavy drone project.

In early October, the 2011 of the year in the competition of the Ministry of Defense for the creation of UAVs weighing up to 1 tons won the project "Pacer", and up to 5 tons - the project "Altius-M". The drone drone weighing up to 20 tons is being developed by the Sukhoi OKB based on the Scat project, which RSK MiG has been working on since 2005. The new project was named "Hunter".

According to unconfirmed reports, the Hunter will simultaneously be a fighter of the sixth generation. His first flight is expected in 2018 year, and entry into the troops - in 2020-m. Like the Scat, the new drone will get the shape of a flying wing (the so-called “flying saucer”).

Simultaneously with the “Hunter”, “Sukhoi” is carrying out development work on the creation of the medium-range vehicle “Zenica”, whose speed will be 800 kilometers per hour. Presumably, this UAV is created on the basis of the Tu-1970 “Flight” developed in 143-ies, which is intended for conducting tactical reconnaissance in the front-line zone.

Another project of the Russian VKS is the Dozor-600, which belongs to the class of heavy medium-altitude drones with a long duration of flight. Experts suggest that the device is a direct analogue of the American MQ-1 Predator. Despite the fact that the “Dozor-600” weight is 720 kg, it is capable of performing the functions of an impact UAV.

Russia is catching up with the United States


The range of use of unmanned aircraft is extremely wide, but it is of particular importance in modern theater of operations. Operation of the aircraft is more expensive, and their flight is fraught with a risk to the life of the pilot: the enemy’s air defense and air force are not asleep, and anything happens in the sky.

Therefore, reconnaissance and attack drone is a great assistant to combat aviation and ground forces. In the future, drones will be able to carry out the most risky missions, which are now afraid to send aircraft, ground reconnaissance and special forces.

The significance of the UAV for the effectiveness of the actions of the armed forces at the Russian Defense Ministry was realized after the conflict with Georgia in August 2008 of the year in which the enemy quite successfully used Israeli-made complexes. Initially, it was decided to eliminate the backlog in the field of UAVs by importing devices from Israel Aerospace Industries.


Model UAV "Altius-M". Photo: Marat Khusainov / prav.tatarstan.ru

However, the practice of purchasing foreign equipment, which was widely used by Serdyukov, was soon discontinued. The Israeli side, after supplying Russia with small and medium-sized UAVs, Bird-Eye-400, I-View and Sercher Mk.2, refused to sell the more popular heavy unmanned systems.

In 2012, Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin announced that the Russian army would have its own attack UAV, which would not yield to the American counterpart. The massive influx of UAVs into the armed forces of the Russian Federation began as early as 2013. While in service with the Russian VKS are drones of short and medium range (mainly "Orlan", "Flight", "Strizh").

Only the United States and Israel have full-fledged attack drone aircraft. Russia, along with China - in the list of catching up countries. In the USSR, drones began to be created from the 1950-ies. BLA mainly used in the interests of the GRU. These were small-sized supersonic high-altitude vehicles, distinguished by high technological effectiveness for their time. In addition, in the USSR, UAVs were actively used as “target airplanes” for training fighter aircraft and training of firing from anti-aircraft installations.

Assault drone to help Syria


In an interview with the “Russian Planet”, the founder of the Military Russia portal Dmitry Kornev noted that in the West, they had somewhat realized the possibility of a wider use of UAVs. In the Soviet Union, a “boom” for drones occurred later - in the middle of the 1980s. During this period, the Yakovlev Design Bureau created the “Bumblebee-1” advanced at that time.

“With the collapse of the USSR, the experimental design and production work was naturally stopped. The enterprises oriented to the Ministry of Defense did not create drones, as there was no order, and private manufacturers in the Russian Federation appeared only at the end of 1990-s - the beginning of 2000-s, ”stated Kornev.

The liquidation of the USSR led to the degradation of the military-industrial complex and, as a result, unmanned aircraft. Russia missed the key trend in the field of UAVs - a move away from miniaturization towards the creation of heavy drones. During the period of hard times in our country, microelectronics and robotics, which are so important for the development of promising UAVs, have strongly sunk. Also, the Russian defense industry has problems with the development of software and operating systems necessary for the operation of UAVs.

Dmitry Kornev believes that the Defense Ministry has learned the lessons, and the necessary work is already underway. According to the expert, one of the options for additional stimulation of the UAV industry may be government investments in commercial production, since the universality of the functions of reconnaissance drone does not imply a special regime of secrecy.

Air operation in Syria can be an excellent "testing ground" for testing in battle drone drone. Currently, only reconnaissance drones perform tasks in the Syrian sky. Considering the plans voiced by the Ministry of Defense, it can be expected that in 2016, heavy drone vehicles will be used in the Syrian operation. The need for the earliest possible arrival of UAV drums into the VKS armament is further illustrated by the tragic incident with the Su-24M.
Author:
Originator:
http://rusplt.ru/society/voyska-poluchat-udarnyie-bespilotniki-20098.html
47 comments
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  1. Teberii
    Teberii 12 December 2015 06: 55
    +9
    Let's see, these are just plans, the need for UAV drums is obvious.
    1. Andrey Yuryevich
      Andrey Yuryevich 12 December 2015 07: 25
      19
      An excellent “training ground” for testing in combat drone drone can be an air operation in Syria.
      Since the first real strike drone will enter the army in 20, how long will our "operation" in Syria stretch?what
      1. svp67
        svp67 12 December 2015 08: 17
        +8
        hi
        Quote: Andrey Yurievich
        How long will our "operation" in Syria take?

        It is only known to Allah ... But what prevents us from conducting full-scale military tests there, right after the state ones. Which, by the way, should begin in the winter of 2016.
      2. Nick
        Nick 12 December 2015 23: 27
        +3
        Quote: Andrey Yurievich
        Since the first real strike drone will enter the army in 20, how long will our "operation" in Syria stretch?

        Already tested and tested vehicles are entering the troops, and Daesh facilities in Syria, and also in Iraq, can serve as a testing ground ...
    2. War and Peace
      War and Peace 12 December 2015 10: 04
      +2
      the fact that the MIG is developing an attack drone, infa leaked for a long time, it was known that Poghosyan did not contribute very much to this Migov development. But almost nothing is known about him, neither what engines will stand, nor what weapons will be used ...
      1. bulvas
        bulvas 12 December 2015 11: 35
        +1
        Thanks to American friends!

        So we would be sitting with good moods, that everything can be bought, nothing needs to be done by ourselves.

        Interestingly, what do they think?

        It was calm and quiet, tanks, missiles, planes, especially Status-6 in Russia, nobody needed.

        Now we need and will be.

        Are they better off?

        1. Temples
          Temples 12 December 2015 14: 39
          +4
          What difference is better for them from this or worse?
          You need to solve your problems.
          In the end, we should be better.
          And others have their own heads on their shoulders.
    3. Army1
      Army1 12 December 2015 13: 54
      0
      Quote: Teberii
      Let's see, these are just plans, the need for UAV drums is obvious.

      https://news.yandex.ru/yandsearch?cl4url=tvrain.ru/news/tass_bespilotnik-399981/
      & lang = ru & lr = 213 Actually
      1. scientist
        scientist 12 December 2015 15: 26
        +2
        Loved the phrase
        According to unconfirmed reports, the “Hunter” will simultaneously be a sixth generation fighter. His first flight is expected in 2018

        I am glad that the conceptual solutions for developers are going in the right direction, it’s enough to catch up already, it’s time to be ahead of the curve.
    4. Civil
      Civil 13 December 2015 18: 22
      +2
      Russia with China is on the list of catching countries


      Unfortunately, China also traveled around us. When we all shouted, we needed UAVs, very respected generals said that this was all pampering and a kindergarten.
    5. remy
      remy 4 January 2016 01: 36
      +1
      preferably about the same as in the picture for the article with the jet engine and internal BK
  2. Volga Cossack
    Volga Cossack 12 December 2015 06: 56
    +3
    necessary and relevant developments. More likely ........ it is necessary to eliminate the backlog in this type of armament.
  3. aszzz888
    aszzz888 12 December 2015 07: 07
    +2
    Russia with China is on the list of catching countries


    Better later than never.
    I believe that this gap will be filled relatively quickly.
  4. ImPerts
    ImPerts 12 December 2015 07: 36
    +2
    Need, Need...
    In the matter of eliminating odious personalities, searching for leaders of gangs with their subsequent disintegration, there are no better drone UAVs.
  5. wicked pinnochio
    wicked pinnochio 12 December 2015 09: 09
    +1
    on the top photo something like a droid from a movie similar to a coalition fighter
  6. Hey
    Hey 12 December 2015 09: 38
    +4
    I would go the way of cheap but massive devices. One type of flock - two weapons control the rest are just carriers.
    Then the development of special ammunition for drones with reduced weight and size parameters, controlled and uncontrolled, at the same time of increased power.
    Another area is the use of individual elements of existing ammunition.
    For example: ammunition for a grenade launcher for infantry. Separate elements with a shock core from a cluster warhead of an aerial bomb or a Smerch missile against tanks.
    1. sa-ag
      sa-ag 12 December 2015 10: 10
      +6
      Quote: MUD
      I would go the way of cheap but massive devices. One type of flock - two weapons control the rest are just carriers.

      Or a peer-to-peer UAV network, where anyone can become a manager, and the one with a higher ID becomes, if it fails, it is replaced by the next one in order "on the fly"
      1. Hey
        Hey 13 December 2015 13: 25
        0
        Then the cost increases.
    2. avdkrd
      avdkrd 12 December 2015 14: 28
      +1
      Quote: MUD
      I would go the way of cheap but massive devices. One type of flock - two weapons control the rest are just carriers.

      A very sensible idea - indeed, carriers can have the simplest flight algorithm behind the leader - accordingly, the minimum cost. +++
  7. Fearless
    Fearless 12 December 2015 10: 22
    0
    Now show them "kuzkin's mother"
  8. lotar
    lotar 12 December 2015 10: 44
    +4
    The fact that drones arrive in the Russian Armed Forces is certainly good. But all unmanned systems have a huge minus, namely, their interception by the enemy. As long as our specialists showed the class of interception of foreign unmanned systems, there were a lot of similar incidents with American systems in Iraq. Not far away is the day when such heavy systems with the latest types of weapons arrive, I hope that everything possible will be done so that this does not happen with our developments. Otherwise, our opponents will be very happy to take advantage of all our oversights and even more betrayal if this suddenly happens.
  9. Xenos
    Xenos 12 December 2015 10: 46
    +3
    In childhood, many boys were fond of aircraft modeling. In each regional center there was a circle. Here is the basis for the design and production of drones :)
    1. swertalf
      swertalf 12 December 2015 12: 32
      +2
      Here is the basis for the design and production of drones, which is now gone.
  10. Denis Skiff
    Denis Skiff 12 December 2015 11: 14
    +1
    on PHOTO, BEAUTIFUL. I would like to see him at least at the training ground.
  11. Zaurbek
    Zaurbek 12 December 2015 11: 51
    +1
    First of all, we need an analogue of the predictor-shock UAV. Stingrays, neurons, etc. are things applicable against armies and states, and this is a distant prospect.
    1. Insurgent LC
      Insurgent LC 12 December 2015 21: 11
      0
      it is described above that they create a shock drone a zenitsa on the basis of developments of the average radius Tu143 at a speed of 800 km.
      1. SIvan
        SIvan 12 December 2015 22: 10
        +1
        Perhaps you mean the Tu-300 Korshun-U strike drone. It made its first flight back in 1991. Indeed, there was infa that they were going to resume work.

  12. da Vinci
    da Vinci 12 December 2015 12: 26
    +4
    A UAV is very good, but not in all cases, at the modern level of technology, it is impossible to do without a pilot, especially for making decisions when the situation changes instantly. This is the same debate when it was decided whether to develop a manned astronautics or switch to automatic machines, and the realities of the combat situation require much more human participation. The main thing not to get carried away by UAVs to the detriment of other promising and reliable systems is Khrushchev's experience. wink
  13. SIvan
    SIvan 12 December 2015 13: 48
    +4
    The shock UAV weighing up to 20 tons is developed by the Sukhoi Design Bureau on the basis of the Skat project, which the MiG RSK has been engaged with since 2005. The new project is called "The Hunter."

    According to unconfirmed reports, the “Hunter” will simultaneously be a sixth generation fighter. His first flight is expected in 2018, and military entry in 2020. Like the Skat, the new drone will take the form of a flying wing (the so-called "flying saucer" fool ).

    Author, decide already, wing or saucer? The plate seems to be round, but the wing is not))) Or does it make no difference to a "humanities" journalist, just to speak beautiful words?
    What else plate?
    1. Ykrofashist
      Ykrofashist 14 December 2015 16: 58
      0
      Why are you boiling? The article is so-so. Regarding the wing and plates, I also noticed, but later. Personally, I'm more interested in using all kinds of non-stealth UAVs (rather than blah blah blah laughing ) because it’s clear from stealth: flew in, bombed / shot / metal and flew away. If the enemy has decent air defense, then they may be knocked down, but there is a chance that this will happen after the assignment. And what about the usual ones (hanging in the air and covering units on the march and mopping up field commanders)? Or is there more work?
  14. oxotnuk86
    oxotnuk86 12 December 2015 14: 35
    +1
    Yesterday in the news "Vesti 24" there was a plot from Donetsk, there were no comments in the credits. 2 people, one hand, launches a drone with 4 rotors, the second controls it with a joystick like on aircraft models, in front of it is a tablet-type display 8 ". Woolen the neutral zone. he has a large monitor. A question arose and the operator drives the b / n over this place twice. He brings the b / n back and places it vertically. I don’t think that the price of the device is prohibitive, but having a picture behind the neutral in real time is expensive. tons of course we will do, but such a device is needed both in Donetsk and in Domask at the front line.
  15. dchegrinec
    dchegrinec 12 December 2015 16: 47
    +1
    We have a lot of talented people! It is necessary to accelerate the production of promising drones. And if we become a leader in this industry, then our superiority over opponents will only gain a foothold.
  16. Bayonet
    Bayonet 12 December 2015 17: 08
    +4
    "In January 2015, Deputy Defense Minister Yuri Borisov announced that Russia has created a heavy UAV capable of conducting reconnaissance and destroying targets. The tactical and technical characteristics of the apparatus are kept secret."
    “So secret that it doesn't even apply!” smile
    "In 2016, the Russian army will begin to receive new unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) capable of covering ultra-long distances .... up to 1000 kilometers."
    - 1000 km is the ULTIMATE distance? What can be called the distance covered by the American Global Hawk (which has been flying for 10 years) that can patrol for 30 hours at an altitude of up to 18 meters, flight range of 000 miles.
    "According to unconfirmed reports, the Hunter will simultaneously be a sixth generation fighter. Its first flight is expected in 2018, and its entry into the troops in 2020."
    - We will wait for 2020 smile but for now, solid blah blah blah tongue
  17. Old26
    Old26 12 December 2015 17: 31
    +2
    Quote: dchegrinec
    It is necessary to accelerate the production of promising drones. And if we become a leader in this industry, then our superiority over opponents will only gain a foothold.

    Unfortunately, this will take a lot of time. The USSR was engaged in drones, but they are mainly scouts. And their dimensions were like a good fighter.
    Gaining experience in creating UAVs of the type Predator or Global Hawk - it will take time. Unfortunately, SCAT won’t be able to finish it for ten years ...
  18. awg75
    awg75 12 December 2015 19: 25
    -1
    more likely. I hope to catch up and overtake
  19. rosomaha
    rosomaha 12 December 2015 22: 05
    +2
    An UAV is a very necessary thing on the modern battlefield ... Here in the article it was said about an UAV strike ... and before that a lot was said about them, but here what I would like to pay attention to - the armament of these devices - not a single hint. What will they hit targets? For such devices, 500kg PSUs are heavy and not very cost-effective - how much he can lift them and what to hit them with ... considering that he can hang in the patrol area for several hours. Here you need a small-sized UR and UAB weighing 50-100 kg .. maximum 250 kg, with various or universal types of warheads. So that you can carry them with a dozen. Do we hear anything about this? Unfortunately no. KAB-250 is a development for PAK FA in the first place. Look, the Americans are developing miniature UABs of 15-20kg each with 2 guidance channels .. and they are universal - even a light UAV can take a couple of them, heavy already from a dozen. And although such UABs are still officially undergoing tests, they are already actively used in combat operations on UAVs in Afghanistan and Yemen.
  20. Rumata
    Rumata 13 December 2015 00: 23
    +4
    If you rummage around in the military, you can find the same articles, but in 2012-2013, and the terms there were 2016, already in the army ...
    The tender for Altius was in 2011, in 2013 there was a "leak" of photos of the finished pepelats, there was talk that the first flights were planned for the beginning of 2014, and the beginning of purchases in 2015.
    In this context, it is especially funny to read about the imminent catching up of the United States, and the 6th generation UAV by 2020 ...
    Every second article about new weapons is a promise that almost tomorrow they will enter the troops, will not concede, and sometimes even surpass the world's leading counterparts, and a bunch of layouts and 3D art in addition, a circus ...

    Who is who, and people involved in computer graphics, model models for stands, in the Moscow region do not sit without work.

    Z.Y
    In the next topic, this miracle, in absentia, right from the layout to smithereens, destroyed Zumvelt, and in absolutely every possible way ..
  21. iouris
    iouris 13 December 2015 03: 20
    0
    Task: strike UAV should take part in the operation in Syria. In general, to overtake the United States by Easter.
  22. Foxbed
    Foxbed 13 December 2015 09: 59
    0
    Quote: Andrey Yurievich
    Since the first real strike drone will enter the army in 20, how long will our "operation" in Syria stretch?

    C: According to unconfirmed reports,
    hi
  23. March
    March 13 December 2015 17: 09
    +1
    It seems to me that it is more correct to use strike UAVs in New Russia: forcing the Ukrainian Armed Forces to comply with the Minsk agreements by the method of destroying (with video proof) military equipment in the restricted area for its location.
  24. Former battalion commander
    Former battalion commander 13 December 2015 18: 59
    0
    This chatter about "Russian drones" has already been going on for the hell of it, real results are expected in ... twelve years as before ... Indeed, the failure of Russian microelectronics is a GLOBAL problem of Russia's security! Why haven't billions been thrown into buying, stealing, or developing the necessary technology for the production of microcircuits? It is not clear ... Aiphonya, apparently satisfied with his iPhone, but he doesn't need anything else ...
  25. Mountain shooter
    Mountain shooter 13 December 2015 19: 36
    +1
    The problems of drones - drums or not - are problems of "software", not microelectronic stuffing. The principles of controlling a small drone and a large one are the same. It is even more difficult for small ones, they are less resistant to weathering. There are already reports of light aircraft having external control options. We take the Yak 130, make it external control, and here's a version of the drone. Without pilots and ejection seats, this is at least half a ton of additional load - either fuel or ammunition. Technical vision systems, thermal imagers with matrices of our production, gyro-stabilized platforms (we make them), broadband anti-jamming communication systems (here we are recognized leaders in the world) are gentle, and we will have the best drones in the world! And our Israeli friends should not scoff at these topics. They have been successfully engaged in drones for a long time. We are catching up, but we will definitely catch up. By the way, it is easier and cheaper to walk on the beaten track than on the untouched one.
  26. Skifotavr
    Skifotavr 13 December 2015 21: 23
    +1
    The shock UAV weighing up to 20 tons is developed by the Sukhoi Design Bureau on the basis of the Skat project, which the MiG RSK has been engaged with since 2005. The new project is called "The Hunter."
    Simultaneously with the “Hunter”, “Sukhoi” is carrying out development work on the creation of the medium-range vehicle “Zenica”, whose speed will be 800 kilometers per hour. Presumably, this UAV is created on the basis of the Tu-1970 “Flight” developed in 143-ies, which is intended for conducting tactical reconnaissance in the front-line zone.
    Maybe "Sukhoi" will also start developing Lada cars and Angara carcasses? smile
  27. Trophxnumx
    Trophxnumx 14 December 2015 00: 16
    0
    The drone must be able to effectively conduct surveillance while remaining in one point for a long time. those. in plain language, "hang" for tens of hours over a certain area and have a programmable pattern of its movement for successful long-term observation. The drone unmanned is certainly a class, but to have a complete picture of what is happening at the bottom requires a long observation session. For this, shock, high-speed drones are not suitable. Here an apparatus is needed in its properties and flight characteristics, which differs significantly from an apparatus like the "swift". The main characteristics, as I said, are a low specific weight per wing area, a large margin of flight time, the ability to "see" at night and, of course, a permanently coded channel for transmitting information and controlling the UAV itself
  28. hghg
    hghg 14 December 2015 09: 18
    0
    So far, Belarus is ahead of Russia in drones.
  29. looker-on
    looker-on 14 December 2015 18: 36
    0
    Quote: hghg
    So far, Belarus is ahead of Russia in drones.


    And the harvest. But Belarus is not at the war stage like the Russian Federation. RB generally has a special status "between a rock and a hard place." On its territory, if UAVs are used, then they are not national. Sad but true.
  30. leon1204id
    leon1204id 3 January 2016 20: 08
    0
    In 2015, the Sukhoi company plans to complete research work on the creation of the Okhotnik heavy impact drone and move on to development work, the director of the military aviation program directorate of the United Aircraft Corporation (UAC) said in late April 2014. Commander in Chief of the Russian Air Force Vladimir Mikhailov. “Now the work is underway, we are doing work at Sukhoi, it’s called Hunter. This machine is very promising, now research is underway until 2015, with the subsequent transition to experimental design work, ”V. Mikhailov said.
    Source: http://bastion-opk.ru/ohotnik-dpla/ OVT “WEAPONS OF FATHERLANDS” AVKarpenko
    Almost everything hangs, you need a lot of money and modern technology on the conveyor.
    smile