Military Review

It is necessary to adopt only the best.

27



In developed in the economic and military-technical relations of the Western countries (primarily in the United States and the countries of the European Union), supervision in the field of industrial safety is carried out to ascertain whether the economic entities comply with the requirements of the legislation, as well as compliance with the specified requirements used in the production of buildings and premises. , constructions, technical devices, equipment, materials and technologies - differs from the Russian model.

While both in the West and in Russia, industrial safety issues are the subject of a public-private partnership (PPP), in Russia the state component predominates in PPP and the private component in the West. For example, in Russia, government agencies do not conduct an examination of industrial safety - this function is given to business and is implemented by one of the licensed companies. But the conclusions of the latter are subject to mandatory registration by Rostekhnadzor. The model existing in the United States and the European Union can be characterized as a public-private rather than a public-private partnership.

AMERICAN APPROACH


In the USA, occupational safety issues are within the competence of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) of the Department of Labor (DoL), which deals with issues of occupational safety and occupational diseases. This organization was established by US Congress in accordance with the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970, signed by President Richard Nixon on December 29 of 1970 of the year 28, and was officially created on April 1971 of the year when the Labor Protection Act entered into force.

The main task of management is to ensure safe and healthy working conditions for employees through the development of standards in the field of occupational health and safety, ensuring their implementation (including through inspections, the imposition of fines, etc.), specialized training on production issues. security; and employer counseling. The Office is authorized to make proposals for improving the regulatory framework in the established field of activity.

The jurisdiction of the US territory is divided into 10 number districts, in each of which there are territorial governments. Their representatives regularly inspect industrial sites, where they conduct routine inspections and certification of workplaces in the most dangerous and harmful industries and technological processes, and inspect hazardous production facilities. Such inspections may be unplanned and carried out on the basis of complaints of employees and on the proposal of third parties.

In addition to the implementation of measures to ensure compliance with the requirements of regulatory documents on labor protection and safety, developed in accordance with the Law on labor protection, management is also responsible for the implementation of the requirements of laws protecting employees, informing about various offenses allowed by the employer, regardless of whether they are related to labor protection or not (whistleblower laws). These powers are delegated to the management of the US Congress in accordance with the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, signed by President Barack Obama on July 21 of the year 2010.

According to the Law on Occupational Safety, states and territories can implement their own programs in the field of labor protection and industrial safety approved at the federal level. These programs replace the federal and partly funded by the federal government. The legislation stipulates that they should be no less effective in terms of the protection of employees, as well as the programs of the federal department of labor protection. In 22 states, such programs operate.

Speaking at the 40 anniversary of the Office of Occupational Safety and Health in April 2011, David Michaels, the US Department of Labor Secretary of the Office, illustrated the results achieved by his department with the following data:

- Mortality in production decreased from 14 thousand people in 1970 year to 4,4 thousand people in 2009 year;

- the level of injury and occupational diseases has decreased from the 10,9 case per 100 person in 1972 to less than 4 in 2009 year.

Nevertheless, David Michaels pointed out that 4,4 thousands of industrial deaths are unacceptably many: 12 people a day! In addition, every year about 3 million people become victims of industrial injuries, and many thousands receive occupational diseases.

About 8,7 million production facilities and over 106 million employees in the private sector are in the supervisory jurisdiction of management. The territorial occupational safety and health authorities have 80 local offices, 10 subordinate to regional offices. Management inspectors annually conduct about 30 thousand inspections of industrial production facilities. According to the largest American union of trade unions of the American Federation of Labor and the Congress of Industrial Unions (AFL-CIO), it will take 129 years to test and certify all jobs. In this regard, the Department of Labor Protection, along with measures for the mandatory certification of workplaces, also implements Voluntary Protection Programs (VPP).

CARROT AND STICK


The key word here is “voluntary.” Applicants for the status of a participant in such programs send a corresponding application to the territorial body of the Labor Safety Directorate, on the basis of which the latter sends them performance-based criteria. On the basis of this task, applicants develop and submit to the regional management body their proposals, after consideration and approval of which comprehensive verification of enterprises and on-site verification of workplaces is carried out. The composition of the inspection team varies from three to six people.

Those enterprises that successfully pass a comprehensive audit are subject to inclusion in one of the three voluntary industrial safety programs (VPP). Subsequently, program participants annually conduct an internal audit (self-evaluation) of industrial safety programs, and a planned field inspection of them with re-certification of workplaces (periodic on-site assessment) is conducted by representatives of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration no longer annually, but every three to five years , or in an unscheduled manner in case of an accident at work or on the basis of complaints from employees.

Participants in voluntary industrial safety programs are divided into three categories with the corresponding official status assigned:

- “High achievers” (VPP Star) - the highest level of achievements, exemplary enterprises that successfully implement comprehensive occupational safety programs with minimal indicators of industrial injuries and occupational diseases among full-time employees (by 50% below the national average in their industries for at least one of the last three years preceding the regular scheduled inspection), the actual results of production activities correspond to the technical task of the Security Department ore;

- “Horoshisty” (VPP Merit) - the next level of achievement, the company, showing determination to climb a step higher over the next three years and having the corresponding potential, the results achieved indicate a lack of effectiveness in several areas;

- “Those who are zealous” (VPP Star Demonstration) are enterprises that have just begun to implement an alternative or new set of measures of industrial safety, as a result of which they may be assigned a higher status.

On small enterprises with the number of production staff up to 500 people, on-site consultation (on-site consultation) with representatives of the Office of Occupational Safety and Health are implementing incentive programs (Safety and Health Achievement Recognition Program, SHARP), providing for exemption from annual scheduled inspections for up to three years subject to their exemplary performance of industrial safety requirements.

Program participants can use banners corresponding to their status (banners), flags (flags) and logos (logos) on their promotional products and in the exterior design of the territory and buildings.

The above statuses are assigned according to the results of three types of certification:

- certification of individual industrial sites (site-based certification);

- certification of production personnel rotated between several geographically separated industrial sites (mobile workforce certification);

- certification of corporation as a whole (corporate certification).

By the end of 2013, 2333 enterprises participated in voluntary industrial safety programs (VPPs), the vast majority of which had “Excellent” status (VPP Star). The programs covered more than 1 million people in production. The total economic effect of the participants in these programs since their deployment in 1982 has now exceeded 1 billion. This is the result at the macroeconomic level.

At the microeconomic level - the level of an individual company - the United Space Alliance, a joint venture of two giants of the US defense industry - the corporations Boeing and Lockheed Martin - is a case in point. The firm is a contractor for the National Aerospace Agency of the United States to provide a complex of launch services and operation of the spaceport at Cape Canaveral. The United Space Alliance company received the status of “excellent student” of industrial safety in 2004, the company and holds it to the present. The level of emergencies and industrial injuries decreased in various divisions of the company by 15 – 25%. In one of the divisions with a staff of up to 100, he became zero, which resulted in a bonus of $ 47 thousand from the employer and another 48 thousand from payments from the insurer.

It is necessary to adopt only the best.

Leading Russian defense companies already have advanced production. Photos from www.irkut.com

In addition to gingerbread, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration also has a painful financial whip in the form of fines imposed on violators of industrial safety rules. For example, in November 2014, the shipyard at Colonna's Shipyard in Norfolk, specializing in the repair of surface warships and auxiliary vessels of the US Navy, was fined 100 thousand dollars for improper safety of production personnel. The reason for the unscheduled inspection was a complaint about the lack of fencing of open hatches when performing welding work at high (more than 10 m) height. During the test, 12 violations were found. In 2010, the same enterprise was fined 85 thousand dollars for four violations of industrial safety rules during the year.

The successes achieved made it possible to start translating the regulations of voluntary programs to the level of mandatory: representatives of both parties in the lower house of the United States made a corresponding legislative initiative at the end of May of this year.

Supervision in the field of atomic energy use is the exclusive responsibility of the US Department of Energy and is under the jurisdiction of the Federal Technical Capability Panel, which is one of the departments of the agency.

Technical inspection of load-lifting mechanisms, equipment working under pressure, power supply systems of industrial enterprises are the responsibility of non-profit self-regulating organizations: boiler inspection (National Board of Electrical Examiners) and technical supervision (Occupational Safety and Health) Administration), which, in turn, delegate their powers to a number of commercial and non-profit organizations. For example, in the case of certification of lifting devices, including cranes and hoists, these are the commercial organization Crane Institute Certification (CIC), as well as the non-profit National Center for Construction Certification of Crane Operators (NCCCO) and Operating Engineers Certification Program (OECP). Authorized certification organizations coordinate their activities closely with insurance companies.

EUROPEAN INDUSTRY

In the European Union, the situation is even more complicated from the usual point of view. Industrial safety issues there are formally assigned to the European Commission - a supranational executive body of the European Union, separated from the governments of the member states. Since all decisions of the European Commission are only advisory in nature, and all controversial issues are settled at the level of national governments, on the one hand, and since there are objective requirements to regulate the daily life of a single economic space, on the other hand, practical aspects of industrial safety in the European Union constitute the prerogative of international non-profit organizations (Association internationale sans but lucratif - Aisbl) - European Conference of Supervisory Bodies (Colloque Europeen d'O rganismes de Controle International (CEOC International), which unites 29 independent control and certification bodies from 22 countries.

These control and certification organizations are accredited by the state authorities of the EU member states to carry out certification and control and supervisory activities in relation to hazardous production equipment (lifting equipment, pressure equipment, electricity and heat supply systems, nuclear power facilities), as well as buildings and structures, vehicles, conventional production equipment, medical equipment, consumer goods and children's toys a.

The relevant technical committees of the European Conference of Control and Supervisory Authorities (CEOC International Technical Committees) have the authority of technical expertise bodies in relation to pan-European regulatory acts governing industrial safety and standardization.

The activities of authorized control and certification organizations of the European Conference are reduced to the implementation of two main functions - regulatory (on a compulsory basis) and certification (on a voluntary basis). The first of them has a state-governmental nature and is associated primarily with the protection of human life and health, as well as saving the environment through minimizing anthropogenic risks and adjusting the current socio-economic model, the second is focused on serving the needs of the economy and is aimed at satisfying image and technical and economic interests of market entities.

In the activities of the European Conference, the commercial component associated with the second (certification) function is very strong. The annual volume of services in the world market of independent examination, certification and control tests (Testing, Inspection & Certification, TIC) is estimated at 100 billion euros, the market participants are about 2 thousand control and certification organizations with a total number of employees of about 600 thousand people. The vacant share of the world market (addressable market) is estimated at more than 70 billion euros. The rest of almost 30 billion euros falls on the 15 largest transnational control and certification organizations, of which 11 have European roots (SGS-Group, Bureau Veritas, DNV-GL Group, DEKRA, etc.).

In addition to solving current issues, the European Conference of Control and Supervisory Authorities plays a significant role in determining the main directions of science, technology and innovation policies of the European Union states in the short and medium term. Since this year, the European Conference is the official partner of the European Technological Platform on Industrial Safety (European Technology Platform on Industrial Safety - ETPIS) - an intergovernmental self-regulating network of advanced scientific organizations, industry leaders of production, as well as reputable non-profit organizations by platform profile. The platform involves 750 organizations from all EU countries. The platform is one of the elements of the VIII framework program of the European Union in the field of research and development for the period from 2014 to 2020 year, dubbed Horizon 2020 (Horizon 2020) and designed to prioritize science, technology and innovation policy capable of responding to challenges of modernity.

THERE IS WHAT TO LEARN

Western experience in ensuring industrial safety can become not just a subject of abstract interest (“what do they have there?”), But also be in demand under severe resource constraints (financial, time, human, etc.) for the domestic system of state technical supervision in terms of further development of the mechanism of public-private partnership and its extension to areas that until recently were considered to be the exclusive subject of state jurisdiction.

At the same time, the transfer of control and supervisory functions of the state to business and professional self-regulatory organizations is effective only in the case of a mature civil society, in which ethical restrictions affect the behavior of subjects of economic activity - both individual entrepreneurs and legal entities - not weaker than the legislative, administrative, or and criminal.

At the present stage, the level of development of Russian society is lagging behind the level of development of the state, and therefore the latter is forced to educate the first: recognizing in principle its legal capacity, limit, for the time being and to a certain extent, capacity.

In particular, the recently adopted Federal Law of the Russian Federation of 13 July 2015 No. 224-ФЗ “On Public-Private Partnership, Municipal-Private Partnership in the Russian Federation and Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of the Russian Federation” extends its effect only to transport, energy and telecommunications infrastructure, healthcare and education facilities, as well as individual utilities. The rationing of the activities of market entities in the field of industrial safety is not yet subject to the regulatory action of this law. And the matter here is not so much in the state as in a society that has yet to prove its maturity in the sphere of economic relations under discussion.
Author:
Originator:
http://nvo.ng.ru/armament/2015-12-11/14_experience.html
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  1. aszzz888
    aszzz888 12 December 2015 06: 43
    +3
    We would have to sort out our military-industrial complex, especially with state orders and their implementation.
    1. ammunition
      ammunition 12 December 2015 07: 01
      +7
      Quote: aszzz888
      We would have to sort out our military-industrial complex, especially with state orders and their implementation.


      Yes. Especially for ammunition. sad


      urgent action needed.
      At the end of the video, it is said that our industry wants to reach the figure of one (1) million artillery shells (and mines) per year. sad
      This is crumbs .. On the eve of the great war. Urgent action is required.
      --------
      For comparison, before the not-so-large Korsun-Shevchensk operation in the Great Patriotic War, the troops involved in the operation had previously concealed 12,5 million shells, which were used up by 90% in the first 4 days.
      1. tokens2
        tokens2 12 December 2015 12: 34
        0
        ammunition
        For comparison, before the not-so-large Korsun-Shevchensk operation in the Great Patriotic War, the troops involved in the operation had previously concealed 12,5 million shells, which were used up by 90% in the first 4 days.

        I wonder if there will be time for storage?
        After all, one accurate shot. And all. There is no warehouse. Moreover, the shot can be a very large distance.
        Not millions of shells need to chase. And for the accuracy and range of the shot. Perhaps with MLRS.
        There is much to remember from the history of the Second World War ... for example, how huge warehouses were delivered to the enemy. Or they were simply destroyed. From the air.
        Gigantomania is not good. The efficiency of millions of shells was not high. They changed the landscape, so to speak, thanks to the health of the children and their mothers at the industrial machine.
        1. ammunition
          ammunition 12 December 2015 22: 30
          0
          Quote: Lexi2
          After all, one accurate shot. And there is no warehouse.


          Ammunition is stored in numerous units and divisions of material support. In a wide variety of ways. So even a thousand accurate shots can not be destroyed.
          And secondly - They are well covered from aircraft and artillery.
    2. starshina78
      starshina78 12 December 2015 18: 59
      +2
      What is this "Industrial Safety" in Russia? What kind of animal is it, and how is it treated? According to my position, every three years I pass an exam on "Industrial safety" (it is necessary for all engineers). A group gathers, in half an hour before the start of the exam, tickets are handed out to everyone, he writes off the answers to tickets from the outline, in half an hour a commission comes in at the head of the inspector of Rostekhnazor and everyone comes out with a clever look, read from a piece of paper. For the sake of form, they will ask a couple of questions that anyone working in production knows the answer to. All exam passed. And you can forget about "Industrial safety" until the next exams or when the "rooster bites" - nothing happens (an accident with industrial equipment controlled by Rostekhnadzor, someone will be injured or, God forbid, fatal). There are more controlling bodies now than in the USSR, but everything is solved in an elementary simple way - a banquet in a restaurant after an inspection, an envelope with a nth amount, an expensive gift (depending on the desire and gender of the inspector). That is why accidents happen so often in our country. The owner of the production is not interested in observing any rules that may harm his business, slow down the execution of an order, or anything else that will bring him losses. He needs to make the production profitable, and how, by what means and how the rules of Rostekhnadzor are followed - this is secondary. Therefore, in the shops there are cranes stopped by an inspector without brakes, booms and other load-handling devices that have appeared out of nowhere are used, pressure vessels are not checked, and much more. Why spend money on inspections and so on, it is easier to resolve the issue with the inspector, and then the grass will not grow. Believe me, I have been working in factories for 40 years.
      1. mervino2007
        mervino2007 12 December 2015 22: 51
        +1
        Quote: starshina78
        how the rules of Rostekhnadzor are implemented - this is secondary

        starshina78 is right. To some extent. That is why the Bulgarians are drowning, the generators of the Sayano-Sushenskaya hydroelectric power station are torn off from the foundations, and people are dying in the "Lame Horse". In all these and other - regional cases - the results of investigations are vague and ostentatious. Punishments are shocking, not commensurate with human losses. What is it? Weakness of legislation and judicial system? Or the power of money for manufacturers and employers? ...... Responsibility at all stages is only declared.
      2. varov14
        varov14 12 December 2015 23: 09
        0
        So the author says that our society is not mature, raw. And business just didn’t get down from the tree, that's why the state is trying to monitor and regulate, but the regulators get the same monkeys, everything pulls on the beads and the mirror. When and who will re-educate us?
  2. Siberian
    Siberian 12 December 2015 07: 07
    +4
    ... Live and learn, and adopt everything positive that exists or has accumulated in the West is not at all shameful. Just as it is not shameful to really work on the level of development of our society, which is still far from the west, and therefore we Russia and its population really have a lot to do to really prove their maturity. And the ability to defend their place in the ranks of developing countries.
    1. Reducer
      Reducer 12 December 2015 08: 12
      +6
      Quote: Siberian
      ...Live and learn.And adopt all that positive what is available or accumulated in the West is not at all shameful. Just as it is not shameful to really work on the level of development of our society, which still oh how far to the westernand therefore we, Russia and its population, really have a lot to do to really prove our maturity. And the ability to defend our place in the ranks of developing countries.

      Learning and learning should be CONSTANT and ALWAYS - but taking into account your own goals.
      I will give an example:
      Built on Soviet GUESTS (supposedly obsolete and canceled) it still works, flies, fights and will work for a long time, fly, swim, fight. The margin of safety is obvious.
      A parody of GOST - all these ISO, DQS, IQNet are suitable only for the production of consumer goods, and then in the Russian market conditions (which for some reason they call the market) are of little use.
      Everything should be determined by macro goals: we are building a consumer society, for God's sake, fuck the quality, after half a year a new TV set will come out with a screen bent to the other side.
      Well, our "elite" is building from Russia not even a society, but a shift camp with offices in Moscow and Sochi.
      According to the Technical Supervision, I’ll say that the functions of licensing and supervision should be purely state because the cost of errors is too high.
  3. yuriy55
    yuriy55 12 December 2015 07: 26
    +2
    At that time. Derived Newton's law.
    Progress in the world in all branches of production and in science is being made because old, antediluvian, ineffective methods are being replaced by new, more effective and practical ones ... It’s easier to live like this ...

    In Russia, it sounds like this:
    For every sage, quite simplicity.
  4. bashkort
    bashkort 12 December 2015 07: 43
    +2
    Private contract for the control of prom. security in Russia is the same as letting the bear keep an eye on the apiary. Although, of course, and state. you can give an official a kickback ... I don’t know, in my opinion, the whole point here is not even in the form of belonging to one or another structure, but from the success of its real functioning.
  5. Barakuda
    Barakuda 12 December 2015 08: 04
    -3
    It is a pity that to Abramovich with Bryntsalov, etc. constitution to the bulb .. sad And there is something to take everything and "divide". At least Sberbank of Russia, which is 50% not Russian. I'm not even talking about Gazprom and the Central Bank.
    where the money flows .. request
    Putin - Boost it! a cry from the expanses of hohlostan!
    1. Vadim237
      Vadim237 12 December 2015 09: 57
      -1
      90 percent of the Central Bank’s profit from this year will flow to the state budget.
  6. Gardamir
    Gardamir 12 December 2015 08: 22
    0
    and do not say the country we are savage barbaric. we ourselves can’t do anything. And we will adopt what they order. They ordered to adopt democracy. I’m wondering who will decide. which is better for Russia. that the west is better. Russia may not be suitable. The main thing is that they adopted the trading partnership. And own honor. conscience. we no longer need justice.
    1. 3axap82
      3axap82 12 December 2015 09: 28
      +5
      What caused your comment? He has nothing to do with the content of the article.
      What is democracy? It is primarily expressed by popular representation. Friendly court, part. assembly, jury trial, nomination for deputy (at your particular enterprise you choose a worthy candidate), etc. That is, when you directly have the right to choose, not from the proposed thieves, but to nominate a candidate together with other people. This is bad?
      The article talks about industrial safety and monitoring the implementation of these safety standards. How can this NOT be suitable for Russia? Are we not people?
      1. igor67
        igor67 12 December 2015 10: 39
        +6
        Quote: 3axap82
        What caused your comment? He has nothing to do with the content of the article.
        What is democracy? It is primarily expressed by popular representation. Friendly court, part. assembly, jury trial, nomination for deputy (at your particular enterprise you choose a worthy candidate), etc. That is, when you directly have the right to choose, not from the proposed thieves, but to nominate a candidate together with other people. This is bad?
        The article talks about industrial safety and monitoring the implementation of these safety standards. How can this NOT be suitable for Russia? Are we not people?

        You are probably the only one to read and understand the article, the talk about the culture and safety of production, as when I used to work in the Soviet Union when repairing aircraft, surely overalls, flying equipment without buttons, a daily check of the tool, the foreman, as well as the inspector and control master, cleanliness, for drops deprived of oil on the floor, I was deprived of 15% of the premium for working at height without a safety belt, dismantled the cable in the tail boom on Mi 6, another simple example was the control master who didn’t miss the engine if, for example, the fuel pipeline was of different shades, i.e. yellow and orange, like chip the engine works, it’s a production culture, plus in an emergency it will be easier to understand what the cause of the accident is, replacing the same pipeline, flowing, working in Israel, almost all the requirements are similar, but if the same. Three times they will catch me, for example, without protective headphones, they can fire me
        1. gla172
          gla172 12 December 2015 11: 57
          0
          _________________----.
      2. Gardamir
        Gardamir 12 December 2015 12: 39
        +3
        What caused your comment? He has nothing to do with the content of the article.
        You're right, just tired of the headlines mismatching the meanings of the articles. this is firstly. Secondly, when they come up with a headline. let them remember that they do not live in an airless space. And thirdly, the destruction of the USSR began with such seemingly neutral articles. First, an article about production, then about education, then about that. that you need to regret a non-traditional orientation. You see where you came from. And then, if you adopt the experience, then why not turn to your own past?
        1. 3axap82
          3axap82 12 December 2015 16: 57
          -2
          It is very difficult to turn to your own past, many engineers, and even more so workers who possessed a high technical culture, have already died of old age and disease. It is necessary again to go to developed European countries as in the times of Peter and Stalin. Take over the experience. In Israel it’s even easier, half of them speak Russian. But you have to watch how they do it and not what they will tell.
          And the destruction of the USSR was planned here and there. Accordingly, any steps ultimately led to division and privatization, for which do not take any good intentions turned to the detriment of the state and people.
    2. Cap.Morgan
      Cap.Morgan 12 December 2015 12: 19
      -2
      The previous model of economic development was far from ideal. There was no trade partnership. There was industrial-production foolishness, when it was not clear what was being produced and why. But just not what the population urgently needed.
      1. onix757
        onix757 12 December 2015 12: 23
        +4
        Quote: Cap.Morgan
        The previous model of economic development was far from ideal. There was no trade partnership. There was industrial-production foolishness, when it was not clear what was being produced and why. But just not what the population urgently needed

        The Russian Federation got rid of this drawback. As a result, nothing produces the necessary and the unnecessary
  7. LÄRZ
    LÄRZ 12 December 2015 10: 32
    +3
    It is absolutely necessary to adopt what gives a positive effect. But only by correcting (remaking, changing, aligning) to our Russian reality, to our realities. And to "test" everything that they came up with in two or three regions for a year or two. Atam will already be seen. "The blind man said let's see."
    1. shura7782
      shura7782 12 December 2015 12: 46
      0
      The Chinese, in this regard, youth. Do not reinvent the wheel. Take the best and implement.
      1. Reducer
        Reducer 13 December 2015 06: 26
        0
        You only do not say to the Chinese that they are not inventing anything
  8. Snail N9
    Snail N9 12 December 2015 12: 05
    -1
    Business in Russia lobbies for what is beneficial to it. It is not profitable for business to take care of "safety" and "protection" of labor for the reason that, despite the "cheerful reports" of the State Statistics Service, we have colossal unemployment and there are much more applicants for a job than jobs themselves. Business skillfully lobbied the changes it needed in the Labor Code, removing the hiring rule "on conditions" (the conditions and rules of the Labor Code were implied) and replacing it with an "labor agreement" according to which all conditions of employment, including labor protection, are determined by the "opportunity employer "and" agreement-consent ". Those "European-looking" labor protection rules that are in effect at very few of our enterprises were introduced there precisely because these enterprises were (and are) contractors of Western enterprises or participate in "contracts" and "joint projects" with Western enterprises that have a rule that these safety standards should apply to counterparties of the "second" and "third" parties. In simple terms, if you want to cooperate and have contracts with European companies, please bring your labor protection to the standards of these companies. Thus, our state has completely withdrawn from participation in ensuring safety and labor protection in our economy and has really transferred it to the "farms" of private companies - they want to "enter", they do not "want" - they do not.
    1. igor67
      igor67 12 December 2015 12: 21
      0
      Quote: Snail N9
      Business in Russia lobbies for what is beneficial to it. It is not profitable for business to take care of "safety" and "protection" of labor for the reason that, despite the "cheerful reports" of the State Statistics Service, we have colossal unemployment and there are much more applicants for a job than jobs themselves. Business skillfully lobbied the changes it needed in the Labor Code, removing the hiring rule "on conditions" (the conditions and rules of the Labor Code were implied) and replacing it with an "labor agreement" according to which all conditions of employment, including labor protection, are determined by the "opportunity employer "and" agreement-consent ". Those "European-looking" labor protection rules that are in effect at very few of our enterprises were introduced there precisely because these enterprises were (and are) contractors of Western enterprises or participate in "contracts" and "joint projects" with Western enterprises that have a rule that these safety standards should apply to counterparties of the "second" and "third" parties. In simple terms, if you want to cooperate and have contracts with European companies, please bring your labor protection to the standards of these companies. Thus, our state has completely withdrawn from participation in ensuring safety and labor protection in our economy and has really transferred it to the "farms" of private companies - they want to "enter", they do not "want" - they do not.

      Once again, labor protection, in the sense of laws, is not much different from Soviet ones, there are nuances, I wrote about the seat belt for high-altitude work, the difference is that now I need to take a mandatory course and have a certificate to perform work at heights. Why, in the event of a fall, without permission, you won’t get any compensation even through the court, and you can shout as much as you like about what the owner made, plus everything is spelled out in the trade union agreement, like there are trade unions in Russia
      1. IS-80
        IS-80 12 December 2015 14: 17
        +3
        Quote: igor67
        sort of like trade unions in Russia have

        In my experience, exactly what "kind of like". smile
  9. Free wind
    Free wind 12 December 2015 12: 17
    +3
    Interesting data in the article. Monitor compliance with health and safety. you can’t force a Negro to lift more than 15 kg, it isn’t allowed according to the norms, let's go cart. lift and so on. we have everything ....... a crane beam-2 man and a stick. Therefore, after 40-50 almost all men without exception suffer from a spine. The wagons saw the American ones, and so they have 4 small batteries, so that the Negroes do not tear themselves away dragging them. We remember the 135th tank, in a wooden box. weighs 50-60 kg, they were made to the last, and there are 4 of them in the tank, and according to the instructions they need to be removed every evening and taken into storage in the morning, and put them through the driver’s hatch .....
  10. The comment was deleted.
  11. iouris
    iouris 12 December 2015 12: 46
    +1
    1) This is the problem of "top Russian management" in its mass, extremely backward, reactionary, anti-scientific, divorced from real problems of production, unable to understand the essence of even classical scientific management.
    2) "Take over" will not work. It is necessary to develop to "their" technological level, then all the issues identified will be resolved.
    3) The US Administration, introducing mandatory requirements for industrial safety, leaves on the market only efficient enterprises that produce competitive products. This is administrative, i.e. non-market regulation in a market country itself, that is, in fact, an element of communism. Our government has not yet proved that its highest goal is the development of production.
  12. aspid163
    aspid163 12 December 2015 13: 48
    0
    a feeling that in the Kremlin insanity grows stronger time after time.
  13. gameover_65
    gameover_65 12 December 2015 15: 28
    0
    Yes Yes. It is precisely because of the private component in the US military-industrial complex that the prices for equipment are prohibitive.
    do we need it?
    1. ViewfromUSA
      ViewfromUSA 18 December 2015 19: 53
      -2
      So, after all, the “private component” is watching over the health and life of the working people! And you still have "a detachment did not notice the loss of a fighter," and not one fighter. And you won’t find a council, because there are no laws and no rules!
  14. ASh666
    ASh666 13 December 2015 17: 17
    0
    Nothing article. Short summary: That’s why, we have Rostekhnadzor, and they have the European Commission and the labor protection department, they all delegated to private owners, they live and rejoice, and only with us the consciousness of citizens and business will not grow to such heights of the western state system, It’s better to live like in Europe, but we live worse, not like in Europe. therefore, only the best should be adopted.

    But seriously, citing the following data: "- the death rate at work decreased from 14 thousand people in 1970 to 4,4 thousand people in 2009", it would not be superfluous to point out the corresponding statistics for the RSFSR / RF otherwise the advantage of the modern Western scheme is not obvious.
    Well, the whole article is in the spirit of the cargo cult - they must behave like Americans, so that a large iron bird arrives and brings a yummy one.