Military Review

China's "secret" military spending (history in 10 photos)

42
China's "secret" military spending (history in 10 photos)



Over the past decade, defense spending in China has more than quadrupled, which allowed it to take second place in the list of defense budgets after the US defense budget.

But Beijing can spend much more money on its military than indicated in official reports.

The international non-governmental organization Transparency International (TI), which studies the level of corruption in various countries, published a report on 4 in November, which says that China accounts for almost a third of all defense expenditures that are not reflected in official reports.



The representative of the TI office in the UK, Temina Abbas, said that secret defense spending is defined as “military spending, about which no substantial details have been provided either to the public or to the parliament”. The transparency of the Chinese defense budget has yet to be improved and improved. "The entire defense budget of China falls into this category - even budget expenditures are classified, no details are presented to either the public or the All-China National Assembly of Representatives."

According to the SIPRI Stockholm World Research Institute, whose data formed the basis of the TI report, China spent 2014 billions on defense in 216 year. This number includes both published and unofficial expenses.




According to official data, in 2014, China’s defense spending amounted to 132 billion dollars, which means that the country could spend about 84 billion dollars on defense without informing not only the public, but also the government itself.

This is a huge amount of unreported military expenses. This amount, for example, exceeds the annual federal budget of Malaysia with a population of over 30 million people.

“There are substantial extrabudgetary military spending, including spending on strategic forces, foreign procurement, military research and development, and Chinese paramilitary forces,” wrote TI researchers in a report detailing defense corruption throughout the world. “At the end of the 90s, China’s own economic activities brought income to China, which also went to finance illegal activities: smuggling, prostitution, unregistered business.”




Military spending and cash flows are also rarely subject to effective checks and audits. “These costs are controlled inside the Central Military Council without a hint of transparency as to what is going on,” the report says. “Although, in theory, Chinese defense policy is controlled by the All-China People’s Assembly,” Abbas described his influence as “minimal.”




The Chinese government reported that the 2015 defense budget of the year amounted to 145 billion dollars. This is an 10% increase over the previous year, although it indicates a slight slowdown in average growth rates over the past decade.

Despite the rise in China’s military spending, they are still far behind the US defense budget, which amounted to 610 billions of dollars in 2014.



Chinese leaders admit that the military has problems with corruption. Chinese President Xing Jinping announced a new campaign against illegal incomes in 2014, which resulted in the dismissal of high-ranking military officers, including the former deputy chairman of the Central Military Council.

Although the central government of China ordered the Chinese military to liquidate their businesses in 1998, the Chinese army still has interests in industry, including telecommunications and hotels. These commercial interests can be a source of unofficial military funds.

“The costs of Chinese paramilitary units and the Chinese army’s own revenues received by its corporations, as well as the distribution of these funds, remain unclear,” the TI report said.

Materials used:
www.thebrigade.com
www.wikipedia.org
www.transparency.org.ru
www.transparency.org
42 comments
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  1. 24rus
    24rus 10 December 2015 06: 22 New
    -11
    Why do the Chinese have our badges?
    1. nemec55
      nemec55 10 December 2015 06: 52 New
      17
      Your ???? laughing Google pzhalusta on the buttons and look at the difference between the USSR and China cockard. Obviously you did not serve in the army, you would see the difference immediately.
      1. inkass_98
        inkass_98 10 December 2015 07: 49 New
        18
        Quote: 24rus
        Why do the Chinese have our badges?

        You’ll still be a bit smack, but there’s a lot of "ours". The cockades, of course, are not ours, they are simply stylized in the same theme. And if you look at the tanks, you will see the DShK, and if you pay attention to the marching infantry, you will find AK in them, and so many positions you can walk through, up to the N-6 (nee Tu-16) or fighters.
        Almost everything has already been modernized or has Chinese design features, but the legs are growing precisely from our weapons so far in most samples of Chinese weapons.
        1. Max otto
          Max otto 10 December 2015 08: 53 New
          +3
          Add a tanker or whoever he is, a BMP commander, probably with a probability of 99% in the cabaret analog of Stechkin.
      2. War and Peace
        War and Peace 10 December 2015 11: 20 New
        -4

        Why do the Chinese have our badges?

        you can’t deduce an excessive predisposition to copying samples of someone else’s culture in the blood of the Chinese, but they don’t favor Kalash, they do their own thing, is Kalash not suitable even for the Chinese?

    2. Mera joota
      Mera joota 10 December 2015 08: 26 New
      +2
      Quote: 24rus
      Why do the Chinese have our badges?

      Well, maybe in the future ...
    3. Max_Bauder
      Max_Bauder 10 December 2015 09: 00 New
      +1
      but the fact that the design of the earflaps was "shaved" is a fact. The Chinese did not wear this before. smile
      1. marshes
        marshes 10 December 2015 12: 34 New
        +3
        Quote: Max_Bauder
        but the fact that the design with earflaps was "shaved" is a fact. The Chinese did not wear this before

        Han people, of course, did not wear but cuffs, tungus?
        Ushanka then Malakhai resembles, and the steppes of Eurasia in winter preferred to wear it.
        They Chinese have helmets with fur. So far I've only seen construction helmets. smile
        1. Max_Bauder
          Max_Bauder 12 December 2015 20: 49 New
          0
          Quote: marshes
          Han people, of course, did not wear but cuffs, tungus?


          which the Khans have the same relationship as the Tungus to the Koreans. Other than the Asian type of face, nothing in common.

          Quote: marshes
          Ushanka then Malakhai resembles, and the steppes of Eurasia in winter preferred to wear it.


          Again, the Chinese have nothing to do with it, and by the way, the Russians adopted the earflaps from the steppes-Hordes, look at the old paintings that the boyars and peasants wore.

          Quote: marshes
          They Chinese have helmets with fur. So far I've only seen construction helmets.


          Eccentrics. Given that the Chinese suffer the cold as well as blacks. Hypothermia often occurs in them during exercises. Spirit with spirit, but nothing can be done with genes.
      2. moskowit
        moskowit 10 December 2015 14: 47 New
        +2
        Do not flatter yourself. Worn ... March 1969 year.
        1. The comment was deleted.
        2. puffnutiy
          puffnutiy 10 December 2015 19: 02 New
          0
          I saw photos of Chinese "volunteers" during the Korean War, where the Chinese with earflaps also flashed.
          1. Max_Bauder
            Max_Bauder 12 December 2015 20: 51 New
            0
            Quote: puffnutiy
            I saw photos of Chinese "volunteers" during the Korean War, where the Chinese with earflaps also flashed.


            I only remember how they massively surrendered. To die for their homeland, they are not very welcome in society.
        3. Max_Bauder
          Max_Bauder 12 December 2015 20: 51 New
          0
          Quote: moskowit
          Do not flatter yourself. Worn ... March 1969 year.


          Can you recall the episode at least until the 20th century? In these years, even Kazakhs wrote in Cyrillic and sat on chairs drinking tea from Russian samovars.
    4. Kars
      Kars 10 December 2015 09: 40 New
      10
      This photo guarded me personally.
      1. The comment was deleted.
      2. alexej123
        alexej123 10 December 2015 09: 46 New
        +5
        Do you mean training in low temperatures like in Siberia?
      3. Bolhevik
        Bolhevik 10 December 2015 10: 54 New
        0
        Harsh Siberian beards!)))
      4. IS-80
        IS-80 10 December 2015 14: 25 New
        0
        Quote: Kars
        This photo guarded me personally.

        Kars in your country is the second Ruin, and all of you Chinese in the Far East are raving.
    5. Alibekulu
      Alibekulu 10 December 2015 11: 07 New
      +3
      Ento everything is interesting, but I think this is more important than bude:
      China. Train to the west
      China courageously responds to the future easing of economic sanctions against Iran. The state (!) Concern CR is planning to build a high-speed railway connecting Chinese Urumqi with Tehran. By building this road, China expects to even more closely tie Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan to its strategic interests.

      Until now, CR chief engineer He Huavu said rail links between China and Central Asia have been limited due to the limited and complex rail network. We estimate that up to one fifth of the need. The new single service will be used by both high-speed passenger trains and freight trains. With this plan, Beijing pursues two geopolitical goals: to revive the trade ties of the Silk Road and to tie the Central Asian and Middle East countries rich in minerals to China.
      (magazine "Spiegel", nr.40 / 2015)
      The branch will be Ürümmqi-Yning-Almaty-Bischkek-Taschkent-Aschgabat-Teheran.
      Planned road length: 3200 km., Train speed: 300 km / h.
      1. IS-80
        IS-80 10 December 2015 14: 29 New
        +2
        Quote: Alibekulu
        Ento everything is interesting, but I think this is more important than bude:

        Alibekulu soon the Chinese will get to you. They already have Inner Mongolia; there will be Inner Kazakhstan. laughing
    6. gladcu2
      gladcu2 11 December 2015 23: 33 New
      +1
      24rus

      And why, put cons for this question?
      The man does not know. Explain.

      Cons should be set not for ignorance, but for frank trolling.

      This is a position of mutual understanding.
  2. rusaiaiBishkek
    rusaiaiBishkek 10 December 2015 06: 41 New
    +4
    the question is where will this army go. they’ve been pumping up the army for so many years. probable adversaries are Japan, the USA, Vietnam and the Russian Federation.
    1. nemec55
      nemec55 10 December 2015 07: 06 New
      +6
      It will never go north, at least in the east of our country.China has more tidbits that they chop off, but only financially and economically, which are located to the south and west, where it is warm and comfortable, but we have it cold and wet and there is nothing to catch except gas and gas, as you know we "sell" them at a free price.
      1. Mera joota
        Mera joota 10 December 2015 08: 30 New
        +5
        Quote: nemec55
        and it’s cold and wet and there’s nothing to catch

        It sounds like a miserable hope ... Are you soothing yourself? The Chinese live where the party tells them, said to live in cold Tibet, and live, said to live in cold Nagorno-Badakhshan, and live. She told me to live among the evil Uighurs and where to go then, let's go.
        So the climate in the Far East is much better than in the near future ...
        1. IS-80
          IS-80 10 December 2015 14: 33 New
          +1
          Quote: Mera Joota
          It sounds like a miserable hope ... Are you soothing yourself? The Chinese live where the party tells them, said to live in cold Tibet, and live, said to live in cold Nagorno-Badakhshan, and live. She told me to live among the evil Uighurs and where to go then, let's go.
          So the climate in the Far East is much better than in the near future ...

          What are we going to do, tsar's father? How to save us from this exorbitant power?
      2. Blackmokona
        Blackmokona 10 December 2015 08: 59 New
        0
        The Americans and Chinese already felt in practice how warm and conformal in Vietnam. And on the Sea they still saw for a long time to the United States with its allies.
    2. From Samara
      From Samara 10 December 2015 07: 26 New
      -3
      To Moscow. Many are mistaken ... calling the Far East and Siberia, forgetting or not knowing about a more dangerous direction ...
  3. From Samara
    From Samara 10 December 2015 07: 23 New
    0
    PLA-greatly added, but technologically still inferior to the Japanese ...
    1. Bongo
      Bongo 10 December 2015 15: 07 New
      +1
      Quote: From Samara
      PLA-greatly added, but technologically still inferior to the Japanese ...

      Not so much inferior and many times superior in number. In addition, Japan is still far from possessing nuclear weapons, and a full-fledged nuclear triad has been formed in the PRC.
      1. From Samara
        From Samara 10 December 2015 18: 42 New
        +2
        Strongly inferior. The PLA is still on the show ... The number of schA already doesn’t matter, especially for Japan, because without the fleet you can’t do anything with Japan, and the Chinese fleet is frankly weak, and the Japanese fleet in world No. 2 after the US fleet ...

        Nuclear weapons is not a strong argument, since on Okinawa this nuclear weapon is a fig! When using nuclear weapons, the United States will not stand aside ...
      2. Megatron
        Megatron 11 December 2015 03: 09 New
        0
        Quote: Bongo
        Quote: From Samara
        PLA-greatly added, but technologically still inferior to the Japanese ...

        Not so much inferior and many times superior in number. In addition, Japan is still far from possessing nuclear weapons, and a full-fledged nuclear triad has been formed in the PRC.


        Charges may be - yes, delivery vehicles are very lame.
        1. Bongo
          Bongo 11 December 2015 03: 14 New
          +2
          Quote: Megatron
          Charges may be - yes, delivery vehicles are very lame.

          They still have no charges, the entire Japanese nuclear industry is under strict US control. But you are not quite right about the means of delivery; Japan has created its own launch vehicles for launching light and medium satellites into orbit.

          H-IIB launch vehicle launch

          launch rocket Mu-5
          1. Dezinto
            Dezinto 11 December 2015 03: 20 New
            +1
            Is Japan far from nuclear weapons? JAPAN still without technology? Do they have charges?

            They also spoke about Israel.

            1. Bongo
              Bongo 11 December 2015 03: 24 New
              +2
              Quote: DEZINTO
              Is Japan far from nuclear weapons? JAPAN still without technology? Do they have charges?

              They also talk about Israel.

              Excuse me, what is the connection between Israel? The raw materials for nuclear weapons which were obtained from the USA and Japan whose nuclear enterprises, besides the same Americans, are controlled by IAEA specialists?
              1. Dezinto
                Dezinto 11 December 2015 03: 29 New
                0
                Excuse me, but what is the connection between Israel, the raw materials for nuclear weapons which was received from the USA


                Well, FIG knows him .. smile I’m just reasoning .... well, with figal, has Japan still not learned to enrich uranium?

                It’s a very poorly developed country .... it’s where you are asking for fuel from? ...... well, I’m saying Dunno, it could and will come from somewhere.

                In Israel, it appeared .... from somewhere.

                “Controlled by the IAEA” we know these controllers, they do not control without instructions.
                1. Bongo
                  Bongo 11 December 2015 03: 38 New
                  +3
                  Quote: DEZINTO
                  Well, I know Herr .. I’m just reasoning .... Well, Japan hasn’t yet learned to enrich uranium with garbage?

                  Uranium enrichment technology is not a secret at present, only no one has made charges from U-235 for a long time (they are too bulky). Plutonium charges are much more compact, but making them is much more complicated.
                  Quote: DEZINTO
                  You ask ...... well, I say herr knows him, it could and will appear from somewhere.

                  The Americans supply nuclear fuel, they also monitor how it is used.
                  Quote: DEZINTO
                  In Israel, it appeared .... from somewhere.

                  Yes, not from anywhere ... but from the USA. The first Israeli nuclear charges were created from American raw materials. However, Israel still denies the presence of nuclear weapons.

                  Now many countries have the opportunity to create nuclear weapons, the same Germany, for example. Japan, too, of course can, but apparently the Japanese leadership believes that the time has not yet come for this.
                  1. Dezinto
                    Dezinto 11 December 2015 03: 43 New
                    +2
                    All - no questions. I agree with your opinion, without sarcasm - thanks for the dialogue. You are clearly a knowledgeable person. hi

                    But oh, those Japanese! disturbing! sitting there thinking something ...
                    1. Bongo
                      Bongo 11 December 2015 03: 48 New
                      +4
                      Quote: DEZINTO
                      All - no questions. I agree with your opinion, without sarcasm - thanks for the dialogue. You are clearly a knowledgeable person.

                      Please, always happy to communicate constructively. drinks
                      1. Dezinto
                        Dezinto 11 December 2015 03: 56 New
                        0
                        Only now ...- in the continuation of the dialogue. The Japanese are sitting and waiting for the moment as in 38-39 years.

                        And what to do with them? It is obvious that history is repeating itself!



                        Again?

  4. rotmistr60
    rotmistr60 10 December 2015 07: 39 New
    +4
    China spent $ 2014 billion on defense in 216.

    Not bad. But if you want to become strong and respected in the world, then, past the economy, a strong army armed with modern weapons is simply needed. So that everything is correct.
  5. The comment was deleted.
  6. Cap.Morgan
    Cap.Morgan 10 December 2015 08: 44 New
    +9
    However, we note that in the last world war, China did not distinguish itself.
    And Chiang Kai-shek, and Mao, and the Manchus made considerable efforts to create the armed forces, but all to no avail. They fought frankly weakly.
    Although the resources were enormous - both human and mineral resources, and territories, and the climate, allowing you to collect several crops a year ... But the Japanese were nonetheless inferior. The Japanese eventually pushed the Kuomintang army inland, capturing the richest coastal provinces.
    Mao didn’t contact Japas either, he saved the troops to fight against the White Chinese.
    Often, the Japanese regiment and the PLA regiment coexisted peacefully, lodging in neighboring villages.
    But what is interesting, the Chinese remember the contribution of the USSR to the Victory, in the summer there was an exhibition of Chinese art - every second canvas there is dedicated to the victory over the Japanese, there are many portraits of Russian soldiers, battle scenes where the Chinese and Russians destroy the Japanese ... That's right. Chinese and Russians. Although, of course, I personally do not know anything about the contribution of Mao's troops to the defeat of the Kwantung Army.
  7. A-Sim
    A-Sim 10 December 2015 08: 49 New
    +2
    "The transparency of China's defense budget has yet to be improved and improved." Modesty, like conscience, is either given at birth or not. It depends on the being.
    1. bionik
      bionik 10 December 2015 10: 47 New
      +2
      Quote: A-Sim
      conscience - it is either given at birth or not. Depends on the creature.

      On the 3rd photo, some kind of rank is considering a machine gun. Slamzili at the Belgians FN Minimi. Chinese machine gun LM-08 in the photo (find 10 differences laughing ).
      1. Val_y
        Val_y 10 December 2015 11: 27 New
        0
        Slamzili at the Belgians Duc, the essence of the economy is such a slam in everything and make round eyes "supposedly" purely Chainsky development wink laughing The truth is obtained in 99% of cases, slag
        1. Shick
          Shick 10 December 2015 11: 49 New
          +2
          self-confidence is ruining people. the Chinese are raising the level year after year better and better
          while their economy is not bad, unlike ours
          You think in categories of 15 years ago
          and do not confuse products made in our country in the basement by Asians and factory production in China
          1. marshes
            marshes 10 December 2015 12: 24 New
            +2
            Machine gun Type 95 and 97 (Type 95/97, QBB-95 / QBB-97) (China)
            Not a very good machine gun. Single machine gun Type 88 (QJY 88)
            It should be noted that according to the available information, the new machine gun is not very popular among the PLA fighters - its weight is almost equal to the weight of a full-fledged single machine gun (for example, such as the Type67-2), while the ballistic characteristics are rather close to the most popular FN Minimi light machine gun in the west.

            And one more "perversion." Type 95 and 97 light machine gun (Type 95/97, QBB-95 / QBB-97) (PRC)
            From a tactical point of view, the Type 95 light machine gun is an analogue of the RPK-74 light machine gun, with a comparable barrel length being noticeably shorter and a kilogram lighter (however, according to rumors, being and much less reliable than the RPK). Compared with the most popular FN Minimi light machine gun in the West, the Chinese light machine gun has significantly lower firepower, both due to the use of magazines and the non-replaceable barrel

            So they also made a sniper in caliber - 5.8x42mm
  8. lotar
    lotar 10 December 2015 10: 41 New
    +1
    I am touched by comparisons of the defense spending of different countries between each other, since there are as many interpretations as the population of the planet Earth is likely to be. Alternatively, you can take the US standard with all the factors of added value to a particular unit of goods. Even the first one is not biased a look at the comparison can reveal the difference in most of the factors being compared between the United States and China. The same people’s salaries, logistics and other similar factors will be significantly lower in China than in the United States. and other countries, more or less compared with each other can the countries of Europe with the United States, as there is most clearly working model of American influence on all aspects of European life.
    1. voyaka uh
      voyaka uh 10 December 2015 11: 17 New
      +4
      "The same salary of people, logistics and other similar factors
      will be significantly lower in China than in the USA "////

      Salaries have on high-tech military products
      much less impact than mass products.
      Therefore, the final cost of the fighter is approximately
      the same as in the USA, where there are high salaries, that in Russia or in China,
      where salaries are low.
  9. Vladimir 1964
    Vladimir 1964 10 December 2015 12: 26 New
    +1
    “There are substantial extrabudgetary military spending, including spending on strategic forces, foreign procurement, military research and development, and Chinese paramilitary forces,” wrote TI researchers in a report detailing defense corruption throughout the world. “At the end of the 90s, China’s own economic activities brought income to China, which also went to finance illegal activities: smuggling, prostitution, unregistered business.”


    Somewhat surprising is the similar awareness of Transparency International (TI) in such details of secret items of the military budget. I am not going to defend or condemn the military of the PRC in any way, because I do not know anything about the formation of the military budget of the PRC. But the fact that an employee of TI's London office Temina Abbas considered such nuances is surprising. Surely she has "informants" in the PRC army.
    Somehow I thought such a thought, colleagues. hi
  10. Karlovar
    Karlovar 10 December 2015 14: 44 New
    -1
    I read the comments and come to a disappointing conclusion - the US is outright winning the information war on the territory of the Russian Federation! They quarreled with Europe, Turkey, Japan, for "complete happiness" it remains to quarrel Russia with China, and India, yes, Iran, South Korea ... Public opinion in Russia will help the State Department achieve its goals ...
    1. borov
      borov 10 December 2015 20: 42 New
      0
      China has always been on its own. In addition, he is pumped up with money by the Rothschilds and co!
      And we are not an ally to them, but a tidbit! And they are much more closely connected with the USA than with Russia! Listen to lectures by T. Gracheva (Associate Professor, Head of the Department of the Military Academy of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation) "RUSSIA and CHINA in the context of spiritual and strategic processes"



      And these are the successes of the Chinese economy through the prism of concrete production (compare with ours at the same time):

      http://aftershock.su/?q=node/311149

      It is foolish to suppose that they are doing worse in the field of armaments!
      1. Karlovar
        Karlovar 11 December 2015 14: 30 New
        0
        Interestingly, this aunt did not say a word about the Khazars, occupying at least 80% of the leading posts in the Russian Federation ....... Not a word said about the Khazars, occupying at least 90% of the leading posts in the United States ... Questions does not arise to this aunt ???
        1. borov
          borov 22 December 2015 11: 30 New
          0
          Our leadership can be judged by their specific deeds (laws on ASEZ, for example). She has a lot of speeches about the United States and the West, and as for "ours", of course she does not speak directly about them, but you can "read between the lines". Yes, and we are talking about China - so far no one has done such a comprehensive analysis of the situation regarding our "partner"!
          After all, we have a very silly idea - if, like the USA, we are quarreling with China, then China is our ally and strategic partner!
    2. Megatron
      Megatron 11 December 2015 03: 13 New
      0
      When were we friends with Japan?
      Geyropa itself is to blame that to the detriment of its own economy, the interests of the United States.
      And Turkey, since the first Chechen shit, never understood these tomato hugs.
      1. Karlovar
        Karlovar 11 December 2015 17: 00 New
        0
        And on Toyota Honda who rides and drags ... Tipo, they are not Korean, much less Chinese carts !!!
  11. puffnutiy
    puffnutiy 10 December 2015 19: 11 New
    0
    Xing Jinping - cleans the army from the people of his predecessor Jiang Zemin. They have big misunderstandings among themselves. They say the last explosions of chemicals in China - echoes of this undercover fight.
    1. Karlovar
      Karlovar 11 December 2015 17: 02 New
      0
      And the explosions at the US military base in Okinawa, are also echoes of the undercover fight in China ???