Military Review

Battery-powered uniform

28
Servants in the High North will be healthier


The problems associated with military service in high latitudes were discussed at the Army-2015 international military-technical forum. A number of conclusions reached by experts deserves special attention.

The natural conditions of the Far North (Arctic) are a long period of low air temperature, extremely unstable weather with abrupt changes in atmospheric pressure, strong winds, a negative annual balance of solar radiation, an increased level of exposure, the likelihood of oxygen starvation. The combined effect of these factors reduces the functional and immunological reactivity of the body, contributes to neuro-depressive disorders, leads to cardiovascular diseases.

Take care of the microbiota young

According to Valery Danilenko, Head of the Department of the Genetic Foundations of Biotechnology, NI Vavilova, a long and intense process of adaptation of servicemen to the conditions of the North leads to a profound reorganization of physiological and metabolic processes, homeostasis as a whole, which is accompanied by the emergence of the so-called polar tension syndrome. This is not a disease, but an organism's response to factors of high latitudes, that is, a complex of pathological reactions, manifested by some violation of higher nervous activity, respiratory functions, blood circulation, and thermoregulation mechanisms. Unfortunately, the majority of military personnel, including officers, have little idea about this, as well as about what the Far North really is.

The polar night, as a rule, causes a person to feel unwarranted anxiety and tension. Among the consequences of depression, drowsiness, reduced immunity, activation of various diseases.

The adaptation period is characterized by a strong, pronounced voltage compensatory-adaptive mechanisms. This is caused both by the external environment and by changes in the habitual way of life, the nature of food, the conditions of service and work (rotational method). There are grounds for assessing the state of the human body arriving in the North as a very specific chronic tension, which further leads to the development of failures at the level of various, primarily regulatory systems (nervous, endocrine, immune). Then follow the secondary manifestations: intestinal dysbiosis, neuro-depressive disorders. There is a high probability of developing chronic irreversible diseases: cardiological, neurodegenerative and others.

Obviously, the study of the microbiome (microbiota) is a promising global direction that has arisen through the use of the latest technologies and conceptual approaches based on the interdisciplinary integration of medicine, molecular genetics, microbiology and bioinformatics.

The intestinal microbiota, for example, is currently interpreted as a new endocrine organ, which plays a key role in the formation and maintenance of human immunity, the general homeostasis of a person, including the formation of his neuropsychic and behavioral characteristics. Prolonged microbial imbalance can lead to the development of the metabolic syndrome, weakened immunity, and correlates with the manifestation of various autoimmune and mental diseases.

Despite a well-established link between stress and mental disorders, the mechanisms that lead to pathological changes are not well understood. For the first time, stress was described more than half a century ago and was defined as an acute threat to the homeostasis of the body. Adverse events, whether it is a real threat (physical stress) or its expectation (psychological stress), cause a cascade of physiological, emotional and behavioral reactions that allow a person to adequately cope with the situation. Nevertheless, serious chronic and uncontrolled stressors can affect the functioning of the brain, as well as cause changes in its structure, which can have long-term consequences for a person’s physical and mental health.

Wounded mannequins and the latest hemostatics


Analysis of the regulatory framework for medical and hygienic support of work in the Arctic, a comparative assessment of their practical implementation, taking into account the experience of developing the northern territories, allow us to develop a system for assessing occupational risks. Its main elements are:

Battery-powered uniform- Glossary of unified terms and definitions used in occupational health and health care;
- legislative and regulatory documentary base;
- principles of identifying occupational hazards and risks;
-requirements to the organizational structure of medical, hygienic and psychological support in the performance of official tasks.


Ultimately, a risk assessment matrix should be built, which can serve as a basis for decision-making in the management of military teams. In particular, we are talking about promising means of pre-hospital medical care in combat surgical trauma.

Nowadays, new highly effective methods of temporary stop of external bleeding have been developed, which, naturally, can be used not only in the conditions of the Arctic. This is a twist bundle for self- and mutual assistance (“Medplan”), an automated hemostatic electron-pneumatic plait (“Medtechnika”), a clamp for temporary clamping of the main arteries (“Special and medical equipment”). For a temporary stop of intrapelvic hemorrhage, an antishock pelvic bandage (“Special and medical equipment”) is used. Experimental samples of disposable sets were created to eliminate strained and open pneumothorax (Novoplast). The method of temporary intracavitary hemostasis with the introduction of hemostatic preparations compositions into the abdominal cavity is being experimentally tested.

Work is underway to create an individual monitoring of a serviceman, providing continuous recording and analysis of changes in basic physiological indicators. The developed technique is the basis for making an objective decision on the priority of removing the wounded from the battlefield and providing them with medical assistance (remote sorting). Further transportation of the wounded with intensive therapy is provided by multifunctional evacuation-transport devices.

Effective training of medical personnel should be carried out using modern training technologies - business computer games, mannequin simulators.

Means of deployment of field medical units and units should be used differentially, depending on the tasks assigned, the combat situation and the timing of work. With short-term deployment (up to several weeks), the use of pneumatic frame tents is optimal. In the medium term (up to a year), all units or the most important ones, such as operating rooms and intensive care units, should be deployed in mobile modules of constant and variable volume. With the planned terms of stationary work for more than a year, it is necessary to place as soon as possible medical units in modern pre-fabricated frame structures.

The “Institute of Engineering Physics” said its word in this direction. In particular, this concerns the use of samples of life-support systems with local heating to provide medical care to the wounded (injured) in the performance of training and combat activities. The relevance of this work is explained by the need to ensure a long stay of personnel in comfortable conditions at low ambient temperatures without deteriorating the ergonomic characteristics of the main equipment.

Means for warming

At the moment, the Institute of Engineering Physics is conducting research in several directions.

Equipment for heating the diver is thermal underwear, consisting of a T-shirt and pants, on the inner surface of which there are wires resistant to fracture and wear, distributed according to a special technology, which allows the laundry to fit snugly to the body without creating a tensile force on the heating element, which is a mylar thread with a thin layer of resistive metal. Power - 80 – 85 watts, weight with a set of batteries (AB) - no more than two kilograms, while working without changing AB - no less than two hours.

The equipment for heating the special forces personnel was developed in accordance with the recommendations of the specialists of the Ryazan Higher Airborne Command School, soldiers of the special forces units of the 45 regiment of the Airborne Forces and is thermal underwear consisting of a T-shirt and shorts. Heating wires are fixed on the inner surface, laid out in such a way as to not cause inconvenience to a soldier in carrying out the task in full military uniform (ballistic suit, body armor, unloading systems, etc.). Power - 35 – 40 watts, weight with a set of AB - no more than two kilograms, the operating time - five to six hours. Heating modes are switched in the 20, 40, 60 and 100 range of power percentages.

The equipment of the heating of servicemen of combined arms units consists of a vest and elements for arms and legs. The design provides operation in various combinations. The heating elements are placed in special pockets, which allows you to dismantle them together with switching wires. The power of the heating system is 80 – 85 watts, the mass with the AB kit is no more than 3,5 kilograms, the modes are 20, 40, 60 and 100 percent of power.

The Arctic footwear with electrical heating is a joint development with CJSC Faraday based on the B13 model using an LIA-4 battery manufactured by Energia.

The device for heating the foot includes a multi-layer insole with an electric element equipped with contacts, a small-sized power source with a presence sensor and a conductor. The heating element is made of polyester filaments with resistive deposition of silver, and to increase the efficiency of the insole, a reflective layer of aluminum film is included in the insole.

To equip medical evacuation, IIF specialists have developed:

- electrically heated vacuum bag: product length - two meters, width - 85 centimeters, heating element power - 80 watts, operating time on one set of batteries (2 pcs.) - two to five hours, curb weight - 3,5 kilogram;
- heating system for overflow of infusion solutions, allowing to perform intravenous injections in the field at low ambient temperatures.


Tests of samples of heating systems for combat equipment were carried out in the 45 th regiment of the Airborne Forces and the Ryazan Higher Airborne Command School.

Today, in the Russian Federation, own funds and medical preparations have been created that significantly increase the combat sustainability and effectiveness of the actions of special units in the Arctic. In some cases, this experience can be extended to line units and units of the Armed Forces.
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http://vpk-news.ru/articles/28386
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  1. aszzz888
    aszzz888 12 December 2015 07: 03 New
    +6
    Today, the Russian Federation has created its own means and medical preparations, which significantly increase the combat stability and effectiveness of the operations of special units in the Arctic.


    A very necessary and timely "topic." According to the sources and recollections of the participants in the events, during the conduct of hostilities in the Arctic in the Second World War, if a fighter was injured, even sometimes slightly, it practically meant his death.
    1. Zoldat_A
      Zoldat_A 12 December 2015 07: 57 New
      +3
      Quote: aszzz888
      A very necessary and timely "topic."

      Yes, all this has already happened. Back in the mid-80s, flyers boasted of Polish flight suits. Outwardly, like ours, the Soviet ones are blue. And inside the wire and in the inner pocket, the battery is the size of a decent smartphone, such a yellow one. True, I saw only two of them. Maybe they were experimental as well - I don’t exclude it, because I didn’t see them in bulk. But there were two. The flyers said that sitting in them is good. Heat. Moving badly - the battery mounting system has not been thought out and always pulls on one side. Now, of course, the battery business has stepped far forward. Maybe all this stray has become more convenient ...
      1. The comment was deleted.
      2. Aleksandr72
        Aleksandr72 12 December 2015 09: 28 New
        +8
        In fact, flying overalls with electric heating for long flights at high altitudes during the years of World War II were actively used in the US Air Force by crews of heavy four-engine bombers. And for sure these overalls were in the USSR. Another thing is that then the overalls were fed from the on-board bomber network. But the main thing is the very idea of ​​heating clothes.
        I’m interested in how Soviet soldiers in the Far North served in the past, when about thermal underwear (the most ordinary, without any heating), about modern heat-insulating fabrics for clothes, etc. they couldn’t even dream, because they had no idea about it. But you served! In his youth, he read in the Foreign Military Review about how NATO troops are provided with warm clothes to participate in training in conducting combat operations in the Arctic: fur overalls with a white water-repellent top, insulated socks with cotton filling, special shoes, self-contained heating elements that can be worn under clothes, trivially put in your pocket and much more. And he compared all this splendor with our clothes: cotton pea jackets and trousers, officer short fur coats (known since time immemorial as “Romanovskie”), guard sheepskin coats and felt boots, fur coats at best - it became insulting to the state. Pleases. that the situation is changing for the better. The question is when all this will go to the troops in bulk (and a prerequisite of high quality).
        I have the honor.
        1. max702
          max702 12 December 2015 13: 24 New
          0
          You take a look at the photo for the article and everything will become clear, from the modern only glasses and gloves, but everything else ... Sadness, because the photo seems to be not fighters of the "Arctic" brigades, but here’s the equipment .. a long time ago there is in tourist equipment, you don’t have to invent anything or copy, or buy some kind of bourgeois company for tourist equipment and copy officially .. but we have our own way, long and painfully copy then pass for our development and moreover, the changes will necessarily lead to deterioration specifications for design complexity ..
          1. IS-80
            IS-80 12 December 2015 14: 12 New
            0
            Quote: max702
            You take a look at the photo for the article and everything will become clear, from the modern only glasses and gloves, but everything else ... Sadness, because the photo seems to be not fighters of the "Arctic" brigades, but here’s the equipment .. a long time ago there is in tourist equipment, you don’t have to invent anything or copy, or buy some kind of bourgeois company for tourist equipment and copy officially .. but we have our own way, long and painfully copy then pass for our development and moreover, the changes will necessarily lead to deterioration specifications for design complexity ..

            We also produce such clothes http://www.trikotaj.ru/muzhchinam/elektrobele. Only whose electrician is interesting.
        2. Zoldat_A
          Zoldat_A 12 December 2015 21: 37 New
          +1
          Quote: Aleksandr72
          I’m wondering how the Soviet soldiers in the Far North served in the past, when about thermal underwear (the most ordinary, without any heating), about modern heat-insulating fabrics for clothes, etc. they couldn’t even dream, because they had no idea about it. But you served! In his youth, he read in the Foreign Military Review about how NATO troops are provided with warm clothes to participate in training in conducting combat operations in the Arctic: fur overalls with a white water-repellent top, insulated socks with cotton filling, special shoes, self-contained heating elements that can be worn under clothes, put in a banal pocket and much more. And he compared all this magnificence with our clothes: cotton pea jackets and trousers, officer short fur coats (known since time immemorial as “Romanovskie”), guard sheepskin coats and felt boots, at best fur boots

          With all due respect, you probably did not serve in the polar aviation of the USSR and the Air Force in the Far North. So do I. But I had a lot of affairs with flyers, relatives by profession, so I have a little information. Cotton jackets and trousers, “Romanovskie” short fur coats from the Mongolian People’s Republic, and flying sheepskin guards in the Soviet Far North were last heard by the cadets at the school. And the rest - all that you wrote about the Americans - fur coveralls, warm underwear, which had nothing to do with soldier's underwear, but there was no name for thermal underwear then, plus high boots. High boots can only be worn by a person who has walked all his life on the parquet and who has never been in high fur boots in the cold.

          I don’t know how it is now - but in the USSR there, on the arch, they thought that the flyers would not freeze their balls and at the same time they could fly as expected.
        3. novobranets
          novobranets 12 December 2015 22: 16 New
          0
          Quote: Aleksandr72
          guard sheepskin coats and boots

          I remember such things. A huge duty sheepskin coat and monstrous sizes of boots, fellow who wore directly on boots. If you suddenly fell at the post, it was like that, then without help you can’t get up.
      3. aszzz888
        aszzz888 12 December 2015 09: 59 New
        +1
        Maybe all this stray has become more convenient ...


        Let's hope.
      4. marshes
        marshes 12 December 2015 12: 30 New
        +2
        I knew one, the kingdom of heaven, a radio amateur. He served in the 60s in the Western Military Reserve when he went on guard, wore woolen socks with a thread of chrome and a battery in his pocket. So the topic is not new. He made insoles, in high boots, this is then a fisherman. glacier. The cleverest person, Kulibin, although with an average not complete. The professors lined up. I especially liked how he “unloaded” the bearing. He did it for the hydroelectric power station.
        The smartest man, sorry for him.
    2. venaya
      venaya 12 December 2015 08: 05 New
      +1
      I think this topic is relevant and not only today. Such technologies should be actively implemented, and given that they are also of great interest in civilian applications, their cost can drop sharply. I think that it’s worth starting with widespread advertising of such devices (not only this device), which will greatly facilitate today's development of the far north. Article (+).
  2. Blondy
    Blondy 12 December 2015 07: 54 New
    +1
    Something, like me, these batteries with "reliable contacts" and weighing up to 2 kg are alarming. It seems to me, for example, Soviet diving underwear made of camel hair will be easier and more indescribable. Of course, at the present time, since the natural product will already be more expensive. So you can intensify the breeding of camels, diversifying the economy with considerable benefit. After all, as Putin recently stated, the income from the CX export already exceeds that from the supply of arms. A PR of modern technologies, it is, of course, good, but nobody canceled the proven common sense.
    1. The comment was deleted.
    2. your1970
      your1970 12 December 2015 20: 40 New
      +2
      there is another problem. Nobody paid attention, just 2-3 hours battery life ....
  3. Clutch
    Clutch 12 December 2015 08: 04 New
    +7
    Heated evacuation bag is definitely needed! I remember how I was chilled after being wounded.
  4. Erg
    Erg 12 December 2015 08: 17 New
    +9
    The topic is certainly relevant, but it’s worth, I think, not small funds. But what I want to say. I spent thirty years in Taimyr, and so - hunters from local nationalities leave for a week in the tundra (check traps), and without any thermal underwear and rags with heating. And the frost of 40-50 degrees doesn’t really get them ... And they don’t put on a few sweaters and pants. You just need to know a few rules. Can our military turn to their experience? And what else. Another important topic. Why are the guys sent to serve in other climatic zones? I traveled many kilometers along the tundra (hunting, fishing), this land is dear to me in every way. And to serve fell on the Chinese border (near Ussuriysk). There the climate is warm and humid, against the cold and dry in the North. There were a lot of guys from Central Asia ... We just rotted there ("Far Eastern roses"), many picked up jaundice and dysentery. Of the locals, there were only two guys in my battery, and they felt great. I consider it very important to take into account the "native" conditions for each fighter when appointing them to the duty station.
    1. lotar
      lotar 12 December 2015 09: 44 New
      +1
      No one has canceled the genetic, physiological and psychological components of each of us acting in any climate zone in our own and more often negative ways, if we are talking about a drastic climate change for our physical body. Therefore, it’s easier to create so-called crutches for the average person in the form the same thermal underwear, equipment, buildings, and the like. Since it takes significantly less cost than to train each person both basic and special survival techniques. And in conditions of WKO different climatic zones and these techniques are not at all all.
    2. midivan
      midivan 13 December 2015 19: 41 New
      +5
      Why are the guys sent to serve in other climatic zones? I traveled many kilometers along the tundra ............ because in case of war no one from which climatic zone will be sorted out (not before), and a small vaccination will not hurt, a small example from personal experience, I lived until 16 years old in Sukhumi and did not sniff frosts below 5-6 degrees, after the events known there, I moved to the Rostov Region, the first winter of -20 I gathered to visit my brother, 1-1.5 km of the way, I thought I won’t laughing I’ve experienced winter very hard, thanks to my homeland I sent to serve in the Urals of Ivdel, one winter there, and now I don’t like the cold, but I definitely won’t die on the way to my brother laughing
  5. Free wind
    Free wind 12 December 2015 11: 45 New
    +2
    In the years 80-82, clothes with electric heating and batteries were tested in Norilsk. The topic is very necessary and not only for the army.
  6. Free wind
    Free wind 12 December 2015 16: 00 New
    +1
    Good evening everyone. as for me, warm clothes suit me without warmed ... underwear. but hands fall off in the cold, and in warm mittens or gloves it is impossible to work. And with bare hands in 40 frost it is very painful to work with iron. Now maybe they would have come up with better surgical gloves with electric heating ???? And the face on the face is very cold in the wind with frost.
    1. marshes
      marshes 12 December 2015 18: 28 New
      0
      Quote: Free Wind
      . And with bare hands in 40 frost it is very painful to work with iron. Now maybe they would have come up with better surgical gloves with electric heating ???? And the face on the face is very cold in the wind with frost.

      Do not have a lot of advice, grease with goose, ram, grease or have ointment, by the way, they release fat and wax from you, damn the name forgot, a good thing. "Rescuer?"
      Chinese gloves can be modernized, a nichrome thread can be skipped, and the accumulator is connected to an electrician.
      The Chinese have long been releasing gloves on fur.
  7. andrewkor
    andrewkor 12 December 2015 19: 04 New
    +2
    and in our Altai, road graders and tractor drivers were given a vest and insoles heated from the on-board network.
    1. marshes
      marshes 12 December 2015 19: 33 New
      +1
      Quote: andrewkor
      and in our Altai, road graders and tractor drivers were given a vest and insoles heated from the on-board network.

      There is a type of vibration-heated belt, a chic thing for truckers, and there is a cigarette lighter plug. smile
  8. Raider
    Raider 12 December 2015 21: 03 New
    +1
    We feel that we are in the Arctic seriously and for a long time. This makes me happy. And that appears in the troops, with time to appear among civilians. Usually the best practices are always tested in the army and find application in civilian life. Probably the approach to technology is completely different, and weapons ranging from small arms and ending with heavy ones, are they lubricated? There is probably something to learn from the peoples of the North. Of these, some special forces will not "rivet" (like they are freed from the army of course)? And what kind of “chevron” does our Arctic group have?
  9. midivan
    midivan 13 December 2015 19: 48 New
    +4
    I would like to remind all skeptics that Kozhugetovich is not from Sochi and advice such as turning to the peoples of the north, he probably causes hysterical laughter, and what was there when it was under the king of peas, and now they pass it off as an innovation? didn’t carefully read the article or just a couple of verses, this is a new concept, not pants with a battery request
    1. fatneck
      fatneck 14 December 2015 01: 49 New
      0
      Goodnight! Guys, stop paying tribute to Kozhugetovich, harassing Serdyukov ... They are proteges and that's it. I think it's time to stop discussing "cheers-patriotism" on a decent site. With the general approval of the majority, I’m ready to provide open source links so that there are no illusions about the “lads” now “those who hold power”
  10. fatneck
    fatneck 14 December 2015 02: 03 New
    0
    http://www.mnevka.ru/lodka/photo/favorit-f470-president.jpg Вопрос- что из себя представляет княжество Монако по сравнению с Россией? Почему столько внимания принцу в лице лидера России? Скромно сидящий.рядом с лидером,не правда ли узнаваем?
  11. fatneck
    fatneck 14 December 2015 02: 12 New
    0
    https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%9C%D0%B0%D0%BB%D1%8C%D1%82%D0%B8%D0%B9%D1%81%D
    0%BA%D0%B8%D0%B9_%D0%BE%D1%80%D0%B4%D0%B5%D0%BD В продолжении,что это такое-мальтийский орден?http://imggaleri.hurriyet.com.tr/LiveImages/Foto%20Haber/124/BALIK%C3%87I%
    20PUT% C4% B0N / LargeFolder / 20.jpg Apparently for special merits. In terms of organizing leisure and exploring the mysterious Russian nature ...
  12. fatneck
    fatneck 14 December 2015 02: 17 New
    0
    http://i.ytimg.com/vi/Wahink9_Jzc/sddefault.jpg,чайный сервиз почему-то в Тыве из Узбекистана sad
  13. fatneck
    fatneck 14 December 2015 02: 26 New
    0
    I explain that the ornament on the items of the tea set, nothing more than cotton bolls, is cultivated in Tuva, as if it is not currently growing, maybe in the future belay Someone's previous comments are “politely” deleted ...
  14. fatneck
    fatneck 14 December 2015 02: 30 New
    0
    Excuse me! Updated, all comments are saved .. hi
  15. fatneck
    fatneck 14 December 2015 03: 08 New
    0
    http://travelel.ru/wp-content/uploads/2011/10/43288700_1151163912.jpg Посмотрим на карту...