Military Review

Spare destroyers of Japan

23
The coast guard in many countries is considered a reserve of the armed forces, mainly fleet. Japan is no exception. Its Coast Guard owns more than a hundred ships (including many large ones, more than three thousand tons of displacement) and a comparable number of aircraft. In articles on military subjects, this structure, as a rule, is not mentioned, since it refers not to the Ministry of Defense or even to power ministries in general, but to the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism, which is quite harmless at first glance.




Especially noteworthy are the two ships of the class "Shikishima" (the name inherited from the battleships of the Russo-Japanese War), which are essentially "spare destroyers." The Shikishima standard displacement is 6500 T, the full displacement is 9300 T. The length is 150 meters. Crew - 140 man. The destroyer has a wide helipad and two (!) Hangars for the Eurocopter AS332 helicopter. For comparison, the largest destroyers URO of the Self-Defense Forces of Japan “Agato” and “Congo” have only one hangar.

Spare destroyers of Japan




Armed with two robotic 35-mm guns Oerlikon GDF-005, two rapid-fire guns M61 Vulcan, as well as two 40-mm anti-aircraft guns Bofors L60. There are places for the installation of cells with anti-ship and anti-aircraft missiles.

Huge autonomy allows “Shikishime” to make the transition from Japan to Europe without refueling. This quality is actively used to patrol the islands of Senkaku, Okinorishishima Atoll, and the Strait of Malacca.



It is noteworthy that if the head "destroyer" "Shikishima" was built in the period from 1990 to 1992 years, the second ship, "Akitsushima", was completed quite recently, in 2013 year.

Until recently, these ships were considered the largest ships of the coast guard in the world, while in 2015 the shipyards of China did not reveal their achievement: the new patrol ship of the People's Republic of China will reach a displacement in 10 000 t. There is a naval race in China only in Japan , but in the number of patrol ships.

Another "spare destroyer" can be called two ships of the Mizuho class, with a displacement of five and a half thousand tons each. Armament roughly corresponds to “Shikishime”, the hangars can also accommodate two helicopters. Without additional refueling, everyone is able to overcome 8500 nautical miles or 15 700 km. The order for these ships came after the Iran-Iraq war, when the Japanese realized for the first time that they might have to carry out rescue missions in remote regions of the world.





In the future, the Coast Guard will be strengthened with decommissioned ships of the Self-Defense Forces. In particular, for these purposes it is planned to use destroyers of the Hatsuyuk class, from which the Harpoon anti-ship missiles will be removed, as required by law.
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  1. Bongo
    Bongo 10 December 2015 06: 22 New
    +7
    In particular, it is planned to use Hatsuyuki-class destroyers for these purposes, from which Harpoon anti-ship missiles will be removed, as required by law.

    Japan is increasingly moving away from this provision of the constitution. In particular, the Japanese Cabinet of Ministers made a decision to create the Marine Corps. For this, armored amphibians and Osprey tiltrotors are purchased in the USA. The ships for their basing have already been built.


    Another "spare destroyer" can be called two ships of the Mizuho class, with a displacement of five and a half thousand tons each. Armament roughly corresponds to “Shikishime”, the hangars can also accommodate two helicopters. Without additional refueling, everyone is able to overcome 8500 nautical miles or 15 700 km. The order for these ships came after the Iran-Iraq war, when the Japanese realized for the first time that they might have to carry out rescue missions in remote regions of the world.

    Satellite image of Japanese patrol ships in Yokohama.
    1. Atrix
      Atrix 10 December 2015 14: 50 New
      +2
      Now Japan in the development of the armed forces is restrained only by the constitution, which can be changed at any time. And then Russia has at its side another regional superpower recourse
  2. Alex_59
    Alex_59 10 December 2015 06: 37 New
    +6
    In Soviet times, we had the same system. 1135.1 is 1135 TFR without PLURO. In the case of a big mess after a short modernization, the finished frigate. All border ships possessed excess weapons for purely border tasks.
    And now it's all forgotten. Border guards order ships even without weapons and without the possibility of installing them in the future.
    1. IS-80
      IS-80 10 December 2015 08: 27 New
      +1
      Quote: Alex_59
      In Soviet times, we had the same system. 1135.1 is 1135 TFR without PLURO. In the case of a big mess after a short modernization, the finished frigate. All border ships possessed excess weapons for purely border tasks.
      And now it's all forgotten. Border guards order ships even without weapons and without the possibility of installing them in the future.

      A pasta caliber 7,62, and hand grenades from cans, and a machine gun from a meat grinder. Eh, the legendary time was. smile
    2. Talgat
      Talgat 10 December 2015 20: 28 New
      0
      Quote: Alex_59
      And now it's all forgotten.

      Yes, like Rubies and other patrol corvettes larger in size provide a place for the installation of anti-ship missiles Uranus - I repeatedly read it here on military review
      1. Alex_59
        Alex_59 11 December 2015 09: 04 New
        0
        Quote: Talgat
        Yes, like Rubies and other patrol corvettes larger in size provide a place for the installation of anti-ship missiles Uranus - I repeatedly read it here on military review

        Ave 22120?
        In any case, less attention is paid to this issue now.
  3. From Samara
    From Samara 10 December 2015 07: 21 New
    +4
    Actually, the Japanese Navy is No. 2 in the World!
    1. Andrei from Chelyabinsk
      Andrei from Chelyabinsk 10 December 2015 17: 17 New
      0
      Quote: From Samara
      Actually, the Japanese Navy is No. 2 in the World

      Stronger than the Russian Navy? That you are strong.
      1. From Samara
        From Samara 10 December 2015 18: 43 New
        +2
        Unfortunately, the surface fleet in Russia is inferior ...
        1. Andrei from Chelyabinsk
          Andrei from Chelyabinsk 10 December 2015 21: 47 New
          -4
          Quote: From Samara
          Unfortunately, the surface fleet in Russia is inferior ...

          Inferior to what? As part of the Russian Navy (surface forces), there are aircraft carriers (not too good, but Japan does not have this either) and 4 missile cruisers. The Japanese fleet has 3 helicopter carriers (which theoretically can carry the F-35, but the F-35 is not on them and is not expected) and 8 destroyers a la "Arleigh Burke" - with very new SM-2 and Harpoons. All this "splendor" is categorically inferior to our cruisers in striking power, and in air defense too. Of the 29 remaining Japanese destroyers, half are semi-frigates / semi-corvettes of 3,5 thousand tons and the Sea Sparrow as air defense. This is against our 16 destroyers and BOD. I understand that not all of our ships are on the move - the Japanese have the same picture, there is not a single country whose ships are 100% ready.
          6 Japanese frigates against 2 of our Grigorovichs and four corvettes? In fact, Abukuma is a deteriorated "Guardian". Even parity is not visible. And we also have such miracles as "Bora" and "Samum", and other mighty bunch of patrolmen, MRC, IPC and RK. Of which the same 11540 are quite comparable with the same Takanami destroyers.
          In general, I do not see much superiority of the Japanese - even in the surface fleet. And if we recall our more than double underwater superiority and absolute - in terms of naval aviation (in addition to helicopters in the naval aviation, the Japanese serve Orion - they have nothing like our Su and MiG) - I don’t see at all why I would write down the noble Don fleet in the second fleet of the world
          1. From Samara
            From Samara 10 December 2015 22: 39 New
            -1
            You're just myopic ...
            1. Andrei from Chelyabinsk
              Andrei from Chelyabinsk 10 December 2015 22: 44 New
              0
              Quote: From Samara
              You're just myopic ...

              Powerful argument laughing
              1. From Samara
                From Samara 10 December 2015 22: 59 New
                +1
                Well, if you're lazy ... you can’t really see the whole composition and performance characteristics ... The Japanese have% of the new ships the highest in the world, respectively, they are all in service ...

                Your performance characteristics and comparison are ideological!

                Yes, and the Japanese Navy has no equal in anti-submarine warfare, the commander of the 7th fleet even recognized this ...

                A significant part of the ships of the Russian Navy is not combat-ready and is included in the combat strength only nominally, and long-range campaigns of individual large warships are not complete without escort of rescue tugs
              2. The comment was deleted.
          2. Santa Fe
            Santa Fe 11 December 2015 01: 01 New
            +2
            Quote: Andrey from Chelyabinsk
            The Japanese fleet has 3 helicopter carrier (which theoretically can carry the F-35, but the F-35 on them is not and is not expected)

            F-35 to do with it. The Hyuuga, Ise and Izumo + Kaga under construction is an anti-submarine grouping of 6-8 helicopter squadrons + landing functions. Apart from the built-in weapons
            Quote: Andrey from Chelyabinsk
            8 destroyers a la "Arleigh Burke" - with brand new SM-2 and Harpoons.

            Firstly, there are not 8, but 26 destroyers of URO

            Heavy Aegis - Atago and Cogno (6)
            newest Akizuki (air defense / missile defense of the near zone with radars with AFAR) - 4
            Multipurpose Murasame and Takanami (14)
            old but still sturdy Htakase (2)

            Launch of the space interceptor SM-3 from the destroyer IJS Congo
            Quote: Andrey from Chelyabinsk
            6 of Japanese frigates against 2 of our Grigorovich and four corvettes? In fact Abukuma

            Better calculate the number of naval aviation. And pay attention to the qualitative aspect

            And at the same time on the number and quality of the Japanese submarine fleet
            1. Andrei from Chelyabinsk
              Andrei from Chelyabinsk 11 December 2015 20: 42 New
              0
              Quote: SWEET_SIXTEEN
              Firstly, there are not 8, but 26 destroyers of URO

              Oleg, would you somehow read the comments to the end, or something. I wrote Russian in white
              Quote: Andrey from Chelyabinsk
              The Japanese fleet has 3 helicopter carriers (which theoretically can carry the F-35, but the F-35 is not on them and is not expected) and 8 destroyers a la "Arleigh Burke" - with very new SM-2 and Harpoons. All this "splendor" is categorically inferior to our cruisers in striking power, and in air defense too. Of the 29 remaining Japanese destroyers half are semi-frigates / semi-corvettes of 3,5 thousand tons and "Sea Sparrow" as air defense

              Quote: SWEET_SIXTEEN
              Better calculate the number of naval aviation.

              very much not in favor of the Japanese Navy.
              Quote: SWEET_SIXTEEN
              And pay attention to the quality aspect

              Already 70 terrible (from old age) Orions against our Su-33 or Su-30? Oh, I'm afraid ... laughing
              Quote: SWEET_SIXTEEN
              And at the same time on the number and quality of the Japanese submarine fleet

              Twice inferior to ours in number, and in quality - not superior.
          3. ava09
            ava09 11 December 2015 01: 35 New
            0
            Quote: Andrey from Chelyabinsk
            I don’t see at all why the noble Don should write down the Ippon fleet in the second fleet of the world


            In this case, arithmetic alone is not enough. You did not see the general whole by counting. with this approach, why not count what was left in the form of rusty iron from the Soviet Navy? If the concept of theater of operations is familiar, then the distance between them should also be known and what the dispersion of forces and means is fraught with. You propose to overtake the entire naval structure to the Pacific Ocean, do you think that out of all NATO, only Japan will fight with us? God forbid such "strategists" in the Main Staff of the Navy, and the second Tsushima is not far away ...
            1. Andrei from Chelyabinsk
              Andrei from Chelyabinsk 11 December 2015 23: 26 New
              0
              Quote: ava09
              If the concept of theater of operations is familiar, then the distance between them must be known and what the dispersal of forces and means is fraught with.

              My friend, you have managed to confuse two things. The first is the "table of ranks" in the strength of the navies. In this table, Russia obviously ranks second after the United States, because the total forces of the fleet are compared without dividing them into fleets and theaters of operations. And the second is a specific military clash of the two powers: an analysis of the forces and means that they can collect for such a clash and the predicted results of the clash.
              The Russian fleet is indeed the second in the world, but in the Far East, the leading position is held by the Japanese Navy. And one completely does not contradict the other. Therefore, do not pull the owl on the globe, replacing concepts.
          4. From Samara
            From Samara 11 December 2015 05: 23 New
            +1
            Quote: Andrey from Chelyabinsk
            they have nothing like our Su and MiG


            The Japanese have 153-fighter F-15J, 61-fighter-bomber F-2A, 42-ordered and paid for fighter bomber F-35A ...

            And there are still quite capable 78-fighter RF-4EJ

            So you got excited with Aviation, I don’t know how to resist against so many Japanese air forces. In the Kuril region, let's say?

            Although these planes are not part of the Navy, but since Japan is not going to fight far away from their islands, the Air Force will definitely cover the Navy!
            1. Bongo
              Bongo 11 December 2015 05: 29 New
              +3
              Quote: From Samara
              The Japanese have an 153 F-15J fighter, an 61 Fighter-bomber, an 42-ordered and paid F-35A fighter ...

              And there are still quite capable 78-RF-4EJ


              The RF-4EJ is a reconnaissance modification of them much smaller, for the most part the Phantoms remaining in the Air Self-Defense Forces of Japan are the modernized F-4EJ Kai 2. What else haven't you mentioned about 70 F-2s?
              1. From Samara
                From Samara 11 December 2015 05: 40 New
                0
                Well, I mentioned where 61 pieces just did not sign. 61-F-2A fighter-bomber + 14 F-2B combat training ...

                In general, aviation in Japan, be healthy ...
                1. Andrei from Chelyabinsk
                  Andrei from Chelyabinsk 11 December 2015 16: 32 New
                  0
                  And you, I see, a pretty comedian.
                  Quote: From Samara
                  Well if you're lazy ...

                  Unlike you, I gave some figures, so it’s not for you to blame me for being lazy.
                  Quote: From Samara
                  Your performance characteristics and comparison are ideological!

                  TTX not mine (mine more modest laughing ), and Russian ships. They have, which is characteristic, quite high.
                  The Japanese "Congo" is actually Arli of the first series. Their SM-2 fights low-flying targets insofar as, (and the radar does not care against the sea background - because it is decimeter), the production of ESSM slips a little, so the equipment with these missiles is very low. In fact, they are almost unarmed against supersonic low-flying anti-ship missiles - and this is exactly what our fleet is equipped with. Our "Volna" guides the "Fort" missiles much more accurately on low-flying ones. It has been written about 100500 times already, I don't want to explain everything in 100501st.
                  Quote: From Samara
                  Yes, and the Japanese Navy has no equal in anti-submarine warfare, it even recognized the commander of the 7th fleet

                  The fact that the Japanese are better than the Americans can fight our submarines does not mean that the Japanese are stronger than us in this area.
                  Quote: From Samara
                  A significant part of the ships of the Russian Navy is not combat-ready and is included in the combat structure only nominally

                  That's not necessary, huh? I left the incapacitated brackets. Otherwise, the same RKR would not be 4, but 6, etc.
                  Quote: From Samara
                  and long-distance campaigns of individual large warships are not complete without escort of rescue tugs

                  Well, tell us about the long voyages of Japanese ships laughing
                  Quote: From Samara
                  The Japanese have 153-fighter F-15J, 61-fighter-bomber F-2A, 42-ordered and paid for fighter bomber F-35A ...

                  And you are funny. Please explain, why the hell did you add the Japanese Air Force to the Japanese Navy? Then be consistent, and add naval aviation to the naval aviation of the Russian Federation. Which by the number of IA is significantly superior to the Japanese Air Force, and about such machines as the Su-34, Tu-95, Tu-160, the Japanese can only dream in sweet dreams.
                  What kind of person are you? They blurted out about the "second fleet of the world", you objected - it turns out that you meant only surface. They explained to you about the surface and reminded you of the double superiority under water and about our naval aircraft - you rushed to add its Air Force to the Japanese Navy ... You do it easier - add the US Navy to the Japanese Navy and it turns out that the Japanese fleet is the first in the world laughing
                2. Andrei from Chelyabinsk
                  Andrei from Chelyabinsk 11 December 2015 16: 32 New
                  0
                  And you, I see, a pretty comedian.
                  Quote: From Samara
                  Well if you're lazy ...

                  Unlike you, I gave some figures, so it’s not for you to blame me for being lazy.
                  Quote: From Samara
                  Your performance characteristics and comparison are ideological!

                  TTX not mine (mine more modest laughing ), and Russian ships. They have, which is characteristic, quite high.
                  The Japanese "Congo" is actually Arli of the first series. Their SM-2 fights low-flying targets insofar as, (and the radar does not care against the sea background - because it is decimeter), the production of ESSM slips a little, so the equipment with these missiles is very low. In fact, they are almost unarmed against supersonic low-flying anti-ship missiles - and this is exactly what our fleet is equipped with. Our "Volna" guides the "Fort" missiles much more accurately on low-flying ones. It has been written about 100500 times already, I don't want to explain everything in 100501st.
                  Quote: From Samara
                  Yes, and the Japanese Navy has no equal in anti-submarine warfare, it even recognized the commander of the 7th fleet

                  The fact that the Japanese are better than the Americans can fight our submarines does not mean that the Japanese are stronger than us in this area.
                  Quote: From Samara
                  A significant part of the ships of the Russian Navy is not combat-ready and is included in the combat structure only nominally

                  That's not necessary, huh? I left the incapacitated brackets. Otherwise, the same RKR would not be 4, but 6, etc.
                  Quote: From Samara
                  and long-distance campaigns of individual large warships are not complete without escort of rescue tugs

                  Well, tell us about the long voyages of Japanese ships laughing
                  Quote: From Samara
                  The Japanese have 153-fighter F-15J, 61-fighter-bomber F-2A, 42-ordered and paid for fighter bomber F-35A ...

                  And you are funny. Please explain, why the hell did you add the Japanese Air Force to the Japanese Navy? Then be consistent, and add naval aviation to the naval aviation of the Russian Federation. Which by the number of IA is significantly superior to the Japanese Air Force, and about such machines as the Su-34, Tu-95, Tu-160, the Japanese can only dream in sweet dreams.
                  What kind of person are you? They blurted out about the "second fleet of the world", you objected - it turns out that you meant only surface. They explained to you about the surface and reminded you of the double superiority under water and about our naval aircraft - you rushed to add its Air Force to the Japanese Navy ... You do it easier - add the US Navy to the Japanese Navy and it turns out that the Japanese fleet is the first in the world laughing
      2. Bersaglieri
        Bersaglieri 10 December 2015 19: 46 New
        0
        In the surface part. Not 2nd, but 3rd
        1. From Samara
          From Samara 10 December 2015 22: 40 New
          0
          Yes, neither France nor England are not the same.
  4. Vladimir.
    Vladimir. 10 December 2015 08: 00 New
    +2
    "Actually, the Japanese Navy is number 2 in the world!"
    Japan is a highly developed country. And in technology, they have gone far from 90% of the countries of the world.
    Therefore, this is not surprising. But the United States, nevertheless, has more means and capabilities)
    1. The comment was deleted.
    2. gjv
      gjv 10 December 2015 09: 43 New
      0
      Quote: Vladimir.
      And in technology, they have gone far from 90% of the countries of the world.

      And the famous Japanese tourists-pensioners with cameras, visiting all countries of the world and photographing everything with a wide Japanese smile.
      They are not from the crews of these ships at first glance of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and tourism. bully
  5. sa-ag
    sa-ag 10 December 2015 10: 50 New
    +2
    autonomy of course is impressive
  6. voyaka uh
    voyaka uh 10 December 2015 11: 27 New
    +2
    With three helicopters - the Japanese are absolutely right.
    One for the modern fleet is sharply not enough.
    On the way in the development - attack unmanned helicopters,
    quadrocopters, convertiplanes.
    Yes, and the F-35B is nice to be able to land
    onto ANY warship for a sudden "bounce".
  7. kote119
    kote119 10 December 2015 11: 28 New
    0
    beautiful ships, and performance characteristics are impressive
  8. Jack
    Jack 10 December 2015 11: 32 New
    -8
    the salvo of the brigade of the bastions pretty much will destroy both the Navy and Ber.ohr and the regiment Tu-22m3 will complete the job.
  9. Hydrograph
    Hydrograph 10 December 2015 12: 38 New
    +1
    These tricks in front of 2 MVs were light cruisers, with the replacement of towers turned into heavy ones, and attack ships were made, with a large number of torpedo tubes from old destroyers. Entertainers.
  10. metallic
    metallic 10 December 2015 19: 15 New
    +1
    9300 tons - this is the displacement of the cruiser.
    And autonomy - yes, it inspires.
  11. kvs207
    kvs207 10 December 2015 21: 33 New
    0
    Quote: kote119
    beautiful ships, and performance characteristics are impressive

    Still, the names would be spelled correctly. repeat
    1. Kibalchish
      10 December 2015 23: 40 New
      0
      Do you prefer the spelling "Shikishima"? Sorry, I'm not a pervert.