Recently, quite often you can hear the hackneyed phrase "who does not know history, doomed to repeat the mistakes of the past. " But, unfortunately, the action does not develop further than this phrase. Many of us who studied, or began to study in the Soviet school, have patterns of those dogmas that were driven from childhood. Moreover, these dogmas have laid down on the fertile soil of love for all that is Western, free, and legal. And we listened with gusto and listened to the stories about our backward Mother Motherland, in which the Tsarist regime was at first, and then the Bolsheviks "bent down" their people, turning them into slaves in the service of this very regime. So now it is often possible to hear how, they say, today's regime finishes everything and everyone. However, let's still remember the story - it, such an infection, has the quality to repeat. And it’s not just easy to repeat, but to make mirror mirrors, from which people who know this story may have a feeling of deja vu, and in other cases a feeling of frustration.
So, now is the 21 century behind the window. 2015 year Let's ask ourselves, what was 100 years ago? Many may have heard the term "Big Game." This concept was introduced into a wide circulation by the famous English writer Rudyard Kipling, and it meant (as Wikipedia says) “geopolitical rivalry between the British and Russian empires for domination in South and Central Asia”. This very game lasted from 1812 year to 1917. Directly at the beginning of the 20 century, the main geographic zones of confrontation were: Tibet, Persia (now Iran) and Afghanistan. Nothing like? Many analysts and political scientists still believe that the Big Game did not end with the death of the Russian Empire, and the struggle for Central Asia and the Middle East continues within the framework of other states (USSR-Russian Federation and the USA), but the tasks are the same. And you need to be a fool to not understand that the West in the person of the United States and England is not interested in a strong Russia and will do everything possible to contain our country. Question: but why? The answer is resources and fear. It was the fear of the collective West before the growth of the Russian empire, in fact, led to the 1 World War I, to Russia being drawn into this war and creating the negative image of Nicholas II among the population. It was at this time in the country that pro-Western liberal movements began to be created, which now remind me so much of fiery revolutionaries from the modern belolentochnoy opposition.
So, what was it like in the Russian Empire that scared the advanced Europeans? Let's look at the following information: The beginning of the 20 century. Russia is among the five largest countries in terms of the economic development of the world: the USA, Germany, England, France, Russia. Russia occupies a place in the world 4 in terms of world industrial production, its share was 9%. The growth rate of the Russian economy over a long period 1890 - 1914. were the highest among all 5 leading industrial nations of the world. By 1917, 81 was built in thousandths of km of railways in Russia; over the last 37 years, more than 1880thousands of km was built from 1,5 in years. Even during the war years, Russian industry continued to grow (now mainly due to military production). After a slight decline in 1914, it was 1,3%, in 1915, the increase was 10,8%, and in 1916, 10,2%. Only in 1917, after the start of the revolution, there is a deep recession in the industry - 20,2%. As a result, it was only during the reign of Nicholas II that Russian industry quadrupled its productivity.
These are all numbers, but behind these numbers there was a terrible diagnosis for the Western world, which was voiced in 1913 by renowned economist Edward Terry: “if the affairs of European nations go from 1912 to 1950, go the same way as they did from 1900 to 1912, Russia will dominate Europe by the middle of this century, both politically and economically and financially. ” It is from this diagnosis of fear. The fear of the European elite that the Russian barbarians (many of whom spoke several languages, read European thinkers) will press them under themselves, establish their fullest right over them. They thought in the criteria of their assessments, that is, they were afraid of what they themselves would have done with Russia, give them free rein. And this opportunity was presented to them after several years of unrest and upheavals within the country, when the Russian intelligentsia with such joy and fervor picked up the banner of the struggle against tsarism, and then with less pathos, but with more pain sat on the last steamers from Russia.
Speaking of intellectuals. So I want to ask a question to all those who are waiting for the arrival of freedoms with the departure of Putin. You guys have not been taught the story? Read Bunin, Bulgakov. After all, there are the same as you - supporters of progress and freedoms - believed in one thing, but received another. Never in our history after revolutions it became better. It only got worse! Smoot has always been beneficial to our enemies. And why are there still people - smart, educated - who believe that the next revolution will bring us, finally, freedom, equality and fraternity. The two revolutions of the 20 century — in 1917 and 1991 — did not bring us anything except devastation, loss of territories, falling living standards, increasing mortality and lower birth rates. But in fact, the worst thing that happened after the revolution was the loss of sovereignty. And so let's go back to the period when we fully experienced the "love" of the West.
In the period from 1918 to 1921, military intervention was carried out in Russia, in which a total of 14 countries participated. The main beneficiaries are the British Empire, the USA, France and Japan. Of course, they were joined by Poles, Germans, Turks, Austrians, Canadians, Australians. The main transport hubs of the North, Siberia, and the Far East were taken under control. And they were taken forcibly, using military units. Interesting here are the comments of American politicians of that era. So the Republican senator from Washington state Miles Poindexter, calling for intervention, said that “Russia is just a geographical concept, and the more it will never be. Her power of rallying, organizing and recovering is gone forever. A nation does not exist ... ". Isn't it very similar to the words of another senator from today's time - “Russia is a country of a gas station”? Or maybe even closer to this is the maxim of Barack Obama about the torn to shred economy.
History, as I have already said, constantly makes mirrored somersault and causes a feeling of deja vu. But back to the intervention. There are cases of military clashes between Americans and Russians. I think that no one has the illusion that these "good-natured" inhabitants of the enlightened Western world came to Russia to help restore order. Of course not. The main goal is money, resources. Something similar, I believe, happened already in the 90s, when we gave up our fields and factories for the "beads", killed the military-industrial complex and the agro-industrial complex. So why is there still a lot of people in our country who believe in friendship with the West? Why do these people crave for the collapse of Russia? As I noted earlier, these are educated, wealthy citizens who have sufficient mental capacity to analyze historical events and superimpose them on modern reality. And here I would like to return to the fears of the West before Russia. Namely, to the fear that is now manifesting itself more and more and more and more prominently bulging against the background of modern communication capabilities. This fear is called Truth.
Let's go back to 100-150 years ago. What do we know about serfdom and the life of workers and peasants in Tsarist Russia? Yes, in fact, nothing. For more than seventy years, the Soviet government proved to us that it was only in 17 that workers and peasants received the very freedom, land and factories, which the workers and peasants themselves didn’t ask for. Why do I think they did not ask for it? Yes, everything is simple: because they have all this already! Here is one example in numbers: “for 1905, landowners owned only 53 million tithes, and 42 million tithes for the landowners sold to the peasants (26 million) and merchants (16 million) for this period. In addition to the purchased land, all peasants (former state, palace and landowners) and Cossacks had 139 million tithes of allotment lands. Thus, for 1905, taking into account the land purchased from the peasants and Cossacks, there was 165 million tithes of land against 53 million tithes from the landlords, but, in addition, a significant part of the noble land was leased by the peasants. ” So what lands did the Bolsheviks talk to the peasants?
We turn to the workers. In 1897, the law prohibited work for more than 11,5 hours a day, and on Saturdays, pre-holidays and night shifts for more than 10 hours. At this time, in most European countries there were no legal restrictions on the time of male labor. The 1903 Act placed on entrepreneurs responsibility for accidents involving workers in production. Mother dear! 110 years ago our legislation was at today's level! Moreover, the US President Taft publicly stated that Nicholas II "created such perfect labor legislation as no democratic state can boast of."
And the person who in our perception is associated with the very revolutionary ideas of Marxism - G.V. Plekhanov - recalled the workers of St. Petersburg of the second half of the XIX century - “the whole environment was notable for its considerable mental development and high level of its everyday needs. I was surprised to see that these workers live in no worse way, and many of them are even much better than students. On average, each of them earned from 1 rubles. 25 cop up to 2 rub. in a day". But then Plekhanov. But how do you quote the future head of the Soviet state N.S. Khrushchev: “... working as a simple mechanic, I earned 45 rubles. at black bread prices in 2 cop., on white - 4 pennies, pound of fat - 22 cop., the egg was worth a penny, boots, the best "Skorokhodovskie" - 7 rubles. What is there to compare. When I led the party work in Moscow, I didn’t have half of it, although I had a fairly high place. ”
Or here’s an example from the same site: “In 1875, capitalist S.I. Maltsev created a partnership with a capital of 6 million rubles, in which workers and employees were given profit sharing. An eight-hour working day was set at difficult jobs. The workers were built stone houses on 3 - 4 rooms, with a large plot for the garden and vegetable garden. Schools, vocational schools, and hospitals were also built. The workers' wages were already then 170 rubles per year. Maltsev factories were not an isolated example. " What is it like? BUT? It reminds me very much of socialism in the Scandinavian countries.
When Western companies now give you various social benefits and say that they care about you, do not forget to ask yourself why they consider this their achievement, if 140 years ago it was normal in our country? And I would like this question to be asked by all those couch revolutionaries who vilify the current government. It is you - the ideological descendants of the Westernizers and liberals of the beginning of the 20 century - with their revolutions, which no one asks, with your active minority power over the working majority threw us back to 100 years ago. It is thanks to you that which used to be the norm, has now become an achievement!
And now I personally ask myself the question of how, and if Tsarist Russia of the beginning of 20 of the 20th century was not that powerful colossus, which with its achievements both in the legal and in the industrial and economic parts, irritated the Western world so much, setting an example of construction alternative system? So now, the same Truth is very much beginning to discord with the reality drawn by Hollywood and under the control of transnational media corporations. And it beats the image of the West. And from here hysterics, from here confused faces and incomprehensible excuses. You know, it’s even psychologically easier to call a spade a spade. And when we say that “Erdogan is a scumbag”, we do not distort the soul, because we know that he is a scumbag, and the whole world knows this. But it turns out some kind of distorted reality, in which the one who calls himself free, the West cannot speak the truth, and the “totalitarian” Russia - it can, and speaks! And people in different parts of the world feel this. They understand that the society of beautiful smiles, but empty souls, loses to society, let them frown, but with cheerful cheerful eyes. And it infuriates the collective West. They can't hold back the truth that 100 held back years ago.
In the end I would like to express this thought. We do not know the history of our country. By history, I do not mean military achievements and geopolitical successes, but the lives of ordinary people. After all, it's interesting. Therefore, I very much hope that we will begin to appreciate our history and analyze it. We finally learn through history to avoid mistakes in the future. But for now, of course, we have problems with it. Only one thing pleases, the West also badly teaches history, and first of all, the history of receiving magic pendels from the Russian army.