Allegedly, there are no development prospects at the academy - “There historical buildings, and you cannot rebuild them. " A similar situation arose before 1991. But then the organizations left in the city in the same place, and created branches in the periphery. Moreover, now Balashikha is not a semi-desert suburb, as it was half a century ago, but a metropolis that is not inferior to Shanghai in terms of overcrowding. In Balashikha now lives half a million registered residents and a huge number of migrants.
Thus, the relocation of the Academy is an event that can inflict enormous damage on the country's defense and bring fabulous profits to those who receive buildings on Moskvoretskaya Embankment.
I will dwell on the fate of the Museum of the Military Academy of the Strategic Missile Forces. Peter the Great.
The museum was opened in the 1968 year and is a full-time museum education as part of one of the oldest military academies, the head museum of rocket educational institutions. It documents various aspects of military history, the formation and development of scientific and pedagogical schools from 1820 to the present day, as well as the stages of life and work of the Academy’s pupils - outstanding military leaders, national heroes, and distinguished figures in the field of military science and technology.
The museum contains unique documents on the history of the development of artillery, nuclear missile weapons and rocket and space technology, command and control systems and weapons.
Almost complete (more than 600 units) collection of works of the sculptor and painter of the academician of the Russian and International Slavic Academy F.V. Vikulova (1919 – 2001), presented in the gallery “Images of Russia”. The works of the master are united by one theme: military men, scientists, statesmen, outstanding representatives of the Russian Orthodox Church - patriots of Russia. Consequently, the museum is also responsible for the content of the artistic profile.
The Academy Museum is by right a comprehensive museum education unique to a higher education institution.
The total area of the museum halls is more than a thousand square meters. The entire exposition of the museum is conventionally divided into nine sections, five sub-departments, an art gallery. The museum exhibits 4386 exhibits, in the store - 4897 items and books, more than 16 thousands of photographic materials (photographs, negative and positive frames), reflecting the historical past of the academy. 10 museum items have the status of "Monument of science and technology of Russia of the first category."
Visitors to the museum are presented: banners - 7; models of weapons, ammunition and devices - 269; layouts and models - 141; orders and medals - 126; clothing form samples - 21.
The artwork of the main exposition includes 688 items.
Conducted, constantly replenishing, personal funds of students and staff of the Academy. Their volume is 1391 unit. The archive of service cards numbering more than 9 thousand units is widely used.
I will give just a couple of examples. The museum holds the only surviving 25-mm anti-tank gun LPP-25 design Sidorenko. This unique weapon with a weight of 154 kg punched 100-mm armor. 30 guns per minute rate of fire. In my opinion, it is not a sin to familiarize oneself with the construction of this instrument with a student of any engineering specialty.
The museum holds dozens of expensive, precisely made models - from ICBMs to the hidden gun carriages of the serf guns of the late XIX - early XX centuries.
It should be added that the academic museum is a kind of educational unit. Practically all the profiling departments of the Academy planned in the 2 watch grid – 4-hour classes in the museum.
The museum staff conducted research on the topics “History of Academy Divisions” (R & D “Notepad”) and “History of the Academy as part of the Strategic Missile Forces” (R & D “Party”); The results of the research were implemented in the editions of “2015 years of the Military Academy named after F.E. Dzerzhinsky "; “Military Academy of the Strategic Missile Forces named after Peter the Great. History of development and activity as part of the Strategic Missile Forces "and" History of the Military Academy of the Strategic Missile Forces named after Peter the Great "in four volumes; “Annals of the Military Academy of the Strategic Missile Forces named after Peter the Great” in six volumes.
Practice shows that the relocation of military museums leads to their closure for many years, to the loss of part of the exhibits and the care of highly qualified specialists. For example, the relocation of the Naval Museum in St. Petersburg from the Stock Exchange building began in 2010, but to this day the museum’s exposition has not been fully opened. Well, I saw the 7 Exchange building in November 2015 of the year completely neglected. External signs of any repair there.
The conclusion is obvious: it is necessary to publicly discuss the feasibility of moving the Academy. Peter the Great of her buildings on Moskvoretskaya embankment. Regardless of the outcome of the discussions, it is necessary to leave the Academy Museum in Moscow. This is the only way to save it.
There are enough precedents. So, in 1987, the Moscow Geological Prospecting Institute im.S. Ordzhonikidze moved from a building on Marx Avenue (now Mokhovaya Street) to a new building in a “residential area” on ul. Miklukho-Maklaya, and the State Geological Museum, whose history begins with 1755, remained in the same building on Mokhovaya Street with unique exhibits.